programe of Janathana Sarkar
Introduction to the policy programe of Janathana Sarkar
Under the leadership of Communist
Party of India (ML)[People’s War] revolutionary masses formed People’s
Army (PGA) and are making People’s War. The struggle of the revolutionary
masses of DK fighting for the past two and a half decades is inseparable
from the Indian New Democratic Revolution. They are weakening and
destroying the exploiting state power in the village (local) level
and establishing New Democratic Revolutionary power in the form of
janathana sarkars. They are becoming more and more enlightened in
the process of People’s War under the leadership of the proletarian
Party and are gaining experiences. They are organizing new power in
the village level and are determined to form it in the area level.
In the light of theory of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism the CPI(ML)[PW]
adopted the fundamental program of New Democratic Revolution. Depending
on this SZC is adopting the common minimum program for the janathana
sarkar (JS) keeping the specific social conditions and the level of
movement in view.
The JS shall be the newly formed People’s
Democratic state and the power of a government. This power shall attain
a complete character and a form, with the formation of countrywide
People’s Democratic Republic federation. Depending on the common minimum
program prepared by the Party the janathans sarkars forming in the
process of development of revolutionary struggle in DK shall make
efforts to implement the people’s government power as the new state
They are forming organs of people’s
democratic power in the area level to establish guerilla base areas
with the aim of making Dandakaranya a Liberated Area. Depending on
the local JS the Area Janathana Sarkar (AJS) shall introduce People’s
Democracy in the area level. The JS shall bear the fundamental task
of organizing and expanding the new state power, run the revolutionary
war and mobilize the masses in the war.
The protection, organizing and expansion
of the JS depend on the intensification of People’s War. The JS shall
strengthen and expand in the process of formation of higher military
formations, intensification of guerilla war and destroying, defeating
and eliminating the enemy forces. The strengthening and expansion
of JS will lead to the formation of Liberated Areas and go in the
direction of seizure of power countrywide. This process of coordination
shall depend on the international and national political conditions
and the stage of People’s War.
Of all the state powers in India this
revolutionary people’s representative assemblies (viplava praja prathinidhula
sabhalu) and their revolutionary people’s committees (viplava praja
committeelu) are the highest and genuine democratic systems. They
strive to strengthen the power of area level proletarian leadership,
agricultural laborer and poor peasantry and the power of anti feudal,
anti imperialist, anti Comprador Bureaucratic Bourgeois forces, with
the aim of making DK a Liberated area with the objective of New Democratic
Revolution. They will encourage the initiative, creativity and collectivity
of the broad peasant masses in People’s War, organise them, depend
on them totally, learn from them and lead them in the forefront. They
make serious efforts to develop people’s war so as to help the developing
people’s upsurge in the respective levels.
Depending on the People’s Democratic
state power – tasks of the government declared in the program of CPI(ML)[PW],
we put here in detail the fundamental policies and tasks of People’s
Democratic government as the first part of the program of the JS.
We formulated this policy program
keeping in view the circulars, guidelines and duties the Central Committee
and DKSZC released earlier.
June 1st 2004
We are now forming janathana sarkars
successfully as a result of the great struggles the Dandakaranya revolutionary
masses are taking up to successfully go forward with the ultimate
aim of establishing Socialism-Communism by destroying the semi colonial,
semi feudal system in India through People’s War and establishing
People’s Democratic system. We are declaring the necessary policy
This policy program shall be implemented
across Dandakaranya wherever the janathana sarkars are formed. Where
they are not yet formed and serious efforts are going on for their
formation, that is, in the guerilla zones, this shall be the basis
of struggle. In the areas where revolutionary movement is expanding
newly, that is, in the perspective areas this shall be the issue of
Fundamental policies-tasks of the
People’s Democratic Government
The central task of Indian Revolution is to seize
political power, to destroy the semi colonial, semi feudal state,
its politics, its economic system and culture and establish a New
Democratic State. The aim of New Democratic Revolution is to establish
the political and economic system and culture of this New Democratic
state. By achieving this aim the doors will be opened for the development
of the whole Indian society. The poverty and misery of the masses
will be eliminated. A political economic and cultural base will
be formed for the Socialist state. Struggle for People’s Democracy
means struggle to establish anti imperialist, anti feudal, anti
big bourgeois politics, economics and culture. People’s Democracy
means the struggle of the masses against imperialist, feudal, big
bourgeois classes under the leadership of proletarian class under
the direction of Communist Party on the basis of peasant alliance.
In order to fulfill the above central task Indian
masses must join the People’s Army. They have to eliminate the armed
forces of the Indian state and its total mechanism through War.
They must establish people’s democratic state in its place.
The line of People’s Democratic Revolution is a
protracted People’s War. People’s Democratic Revolution will be
successful countrywide with the formation of self-sufficient base
areas in the broad rural area, the consolidation of people’s governments
and expansion. Ultimately the towns are liberated. Thus people’s
democratic government will be established throughout the country.
The existence of janathana sarkars, their consolidation, their expansion
are linked with one another. So the janathana sarkars will strive
at their best to strengthen themselves, to expand the people’s War
and develop it.
People’s Democratic Government will establish the
collective dictatorship of the proletariat, peasantry, petty bourgeois
and national bourgeois classes under the leadership of proletariat
class. The four class United Front is a definite necessity for the
success of People’s Democratic Revolution. This four class UF will
mobilize all the oppressed nationalities; the religious minorities
that are facing harassments and other oppressed social sections
and fight. The janathana sarkar will strengthen the four classes
UF in the respective levels and strive for countrywide success.
The People’s Democratic Government shall guarantee
all kinds of freedom and rights of the broad toiling masses. It
shall protect the interests of people in all times. It guarantees
the following fundamental rights to the people.
Right to express (speech, write, publication)
Right to meet
To form organization
To conduct strikes and demonstrations
To live according to one’s wish
To have primary education
To have primary medical treatment
To gain minimum employment
In addition to these rights the people
will have to fulfill the following duties
To protect the country
To respect the constitution and law
To protect the government properties
To provide military services
To pay taxes
People will have the right to elect the government
representatives and to be elected in all the levels according to
the constitution of People’s Democracy. They will have the right
to summon and if necessary, call back the elected representatives
if they are not committed to the manifesto.
The state shall not discriminate towards anyone
in terms of tribe, caste, religion, nationality, gender, language,
region, education, post and status. It shall deal all as equals.
It shall give equal opportunities to all.
State shall be separated from the religion and
will have a secular character. Religion shall be the personal affair
of individuals. It shall avoid indulging in luring and threatening
people with partiality towards one particular religion. Citizens
will have the right to believe or disbelieve religion. State shall
oppose all kinds of religious fundamentalism. It shall put an end
to religious chauvinism.
The People’s Democratic economic system shall have
the main task of destroying the semi colonial, semi feudal economic
system, lay a path for the economic and social development of the
country and establish Socialist economic system. This is the social
economic order in the process of the transition of capitalist system
to Socialism under the dictatorship of People’s Democracy under
the leadership of proletariat.
It will confiscate the lands of
landlords and the religious organizations and distribute them to
the poor, landless peasants and agricultural laborers on the basis
of ‘land to the tiller’. It will not seize the properties of the
rich peasants. It will put a stop to the moneylenders’ exploitation
of the peasants. It will bring out the initiative and potential
of the peasants. It will establish voluntary cooperative organizations
in all the sectors. It shall strive for the development of agriculture.
It shall take up industrialization in a big way on the basis of
It will confiscate all the industries,
banks and other organizations of the imperialists and comprador
bureaucratic bourgeois classes. It will confiscate all the industries,
banks and business institutions of the government, imperialists,
and comprador bureaucratic class. It will dissolve all the imperialist
loans. It will dissolve the unequal financial agreements that the
exploiting government made with the imperialists.
It will seize the capital, mobile
and immobile properties of the government and the CBB. It will take
up the governance of all the monopoly industries and commerce depending
on ‘control of capital’.
The New Democratic Government shall
not come in the way of capitalist production that is not in a position
of controlling the people’s life. It will control and dictate the
small industries, middle level industries that are the industries
of the national capitalist class. It will help for the development
of cottage industries and handicrafts through cooperative organizations.
It will adopt the above agricultural,
business and industrial policies and facilitate the way for people’s
democratic economic system.
It will implement an eight-hour
working day for all the workers in the New Democratic system. It
will dissolve the contract worker system and the child labor system.
It will provide equal wages for women and men according to the principle
of equal wage for equal work. It will provide social security and
protective working conditions to all the workers.
It will arm the people in order to protect the
country. It will enthuse and encourage the masses to join the People’s
Army. People’s government will pay special attention for the necessary
sources of the People’s army. It will put People’s Army under the
command of revolutionary politics. It will unite it with the masses.
It will give special importance
for the task of looking after the families of soldiers, martyrs,
those dependent on them, those injured in the war and the handicapped.
It will hand over the recollections
(personal belongings) of the people’s soldiers who laid their lives
in their heroic fight with the enemy forces to their families. It
will appreciate their sacrifices and stores their details. Whenever
possible it will build memorial columns.
It will implement a progressive judicial system
on the basis of mass line. It will form people’s courts in various
levels for this purpose.
It shall be the task of the government to establish
a new culture, scientific and democratic, by destroying the semi
feudal, semi colonial culture in the present revolutionary phase.
It shall continue the secular, genuinely democratic and scientific
factors of the cultural heredity that the history handed over to
the oppressed masses.
It will strive to dissolve all kinds of discrimination
on women and to end patriarchy and male domination. It will liberate
women from household drudgery and make them part of social production,
political, military, government administration and other such activities.
It will guarantee equal share in property. It will take up special
policies to remove unequal laws in a fast pace that the women are
experiencing. It will ban prostitution, provide rehabilitation to
the women and recognize them as ordinary citizens.
Marriages shall be on the basis
of mutual love and agreement. The age limit for marriage would be
20 years. It will ban child marriages. It will encourage widow remarriages.
Women shall have a right to abortion. It will make special arrangements
for the welfare of children.
It will grant divorce if both the
husband and wife wish so. If only one of them asks for it, it will
make the necessary investigation and announce the decision. It will
distribute the common property equally. In case of children, men
must take up two third parts and women one-third part of the responsibility.
It shall be the responsibility of the men to repay the common loans
The New Democratic Government will recognize the
right to self-determination of the oppressed nationalities and national
minorities. It will integrate the country by recognizing the right
to separate and the right to self-determination to these nationalities.
The nationality minorities in various levels from the village to
the state or in places where they are a majority, they will have
the right to ask for autonomy. These autonomous areas will be according
to the People’s Democratic system and will reflect the aspirations
of these minority people. The national minorities shall have appropriate
representation according to their population in the people’s assemblies,
and the representatives’ assemblies in the areas they reside.
There are regional disparities in
the country as a result of the unequal policies followed by the
exploiting ruling classes. So some areas are backward and some areas
are linked with the development of the nationalities. The People’s
Democratic Government will eliminate all kinds of regional disparities
and strive for the development of the backward areas. If necessary
it will also provide regional autonomy.
It shall guarantee comprehensive development of
the adivasi societies. It shall provide absolute power on the forest
to the people. It will bring to stop the exploitation of the natural
sources by the comprador big bourgeois, imperialist and multi national
companies. It will work for the development of the language and
culture of adivasis. It will adopt corresponding policies.
It will eliminate discrimination and disparities
of caste. It will eliminate the caste system totally. Until then
it will take up special programs to uplift them in all sectors and
implement the same.
It will eliminate the present system of education.
It will introduce a scientific, democratic and socialist system
of education in its place. It will link it with production according
to the necessities of Democratic India.
Government shall give equal status to the languages
of all the nationalities. It will help to develop the languages
that do not have a script. It will not impose a language on other
nationalities in the name of national language, link language or
in any other form. It will try to bring forward the generally accepted
language depending on unanimity.
It will provide proper financial and social security
and good social and cultural atmosphere to all those who are physically
handicapped, mentally handicapped, old persons, orphans and the
helpless. It will introduce a people helping medical system that
provides free treatment and good health, mainly to workers, peasants
and other toiling masses.
It will follow five principles regarding the relations
with the countries having various social systems. They are – geographical
integrity, mutual respect towards sovereignty, no mutual occupation,
and non-intervention in each other’s matters, equality, mutual interest
and peaceful coexistence.
It will provide help to all the
anti capitalist system and anti imperialist struggles across the
world, mainly to the revolutionary struggles and revolutionary wars
under the various Maoist revolutionary forces. It will work as a
base for New Democratic and later Socialist India, to facilitate
the success of World Socialist Revolution. Keeping in view the historical
relations of India with the masses in the subcontinent, it will
closely integrate with the revolutionary Maoist forces and struggles
in South Asia. It will dissolve all the unequal treaties the old
Structure of the government
Hammer and sickle with red flag
with the length and breadth of the ratio 2:3.
Must sing communist international
in front of the flag.
Formation of government
Village Janathana sarkars may be
formed in areas of 500-3000 population.
Structure of the government
People will elect the people’s assemblies/representatives
assemblies on the basis of general adult vote in the village/town,
area, district/division, special zone/state levels in revolutionary
bases formed in the process of the ongoing People’s War. The committees
elected through these assemblies shall work as the revolutionary
governments. The revolutionary government shall be absolutely in
the hands of the masses. The supreme people’s Congress of the Federation
of the People’s Democratic Republic in the all India level or the
Central level after achieving countrywide success in considerable
areas in the country shall be the highest organ of the government.
After the People’s War achieves
success in Dandakaranya or in a considerable area dandakaranya,
autonomous government will be formed. The present Dandakaranya consists
of South Bastar, West Bastar, North Bastar, Maad and Gadchiroli
divisions. The majority masses in this area are suffering with exploitation
and misery for generations together. The natural development process
took a distorted turn. The adivasis are still in the pre feudal
production relationships. So the Dandakaranya people’s government
shall work as their autonomous government and provide special opportunities
for their development.
Election of government
All adults those who have the age
of 18 years will participate in elections. One needs to complete20
years to be elected. Landlords, anti people hierarchs, stooges of
exploiting government and anti revolutionary forces are disqualified
to participate in elections. The elections are held through secret
ballot. Election commission will conduct the elections. The elected
representatives shall be answerable to the people’s assemblies or
the representative’s assemblies that they represent. If the elected
representatives do not conduct their duties properly the people’s
assemblies/representative assemblies can call them back. The people’s
assemblies/representative assemblies can call the representatives
back only with a 2/3rds majority. The president and the vice-president
of the autonomous governments shall be from the masses, reflecting
the aspirations of the majority masses. Minority nationalities and
tribes from other areas shall have proper representation according
to their population in the autonomous areas. The rest of the adivasis
must be considered as local adivasis.
The people’s democratic government
will be formed with the democratic classes, sections, parties, organizations,
the representatives of teams, the representatives of people’s army
and democratic individuals. People from workers, peasants, petty
bourgeois class and national bourgeois class constitute the government.
This will be formed as the revolutionary United Front government.
This will exercise the power as a genuine democratic government.
Now we are forming organs of revolutionary
government in a secret manner. So it is not possible to elect revolutionary
people’s governments with direct elections in the place of exploiting
class governments from the village to upper level. We can conduct
elections through the people’s representative assemblies in a limited
number in such conditions.
In all levels, the people’s assemblies
in the people’s assemblies/people’s representatives in the representative
assemblies will elect the revolutionary people’s governments. These
governments will establish various government departments, their
responsible persons and mechanism to conduct the administrative
responsibilities. They will make the necessary laws.
Method of functioning of the
Democratic centralism shall be the
fundamental policy of the structure and method of functioning of
the government. As per the principles of democracy individuals shall
be committed to the government, minority to the majority, lower
level government to the higher level government, lower level to
the gram sabha and higher level to the representatives assembly.
Coming to the higher level autonomous
governments, they shall make acceptable decisions reflecting the
aspirations of the masses regarding the language, culture and development.
Normally these decisions will not be mandatory orders to be implemented.
The autonomous governments can ratify them with certain exceptions
and amendments. On the other hand the autonomous governments shall
view the development of their areas and future as a part of the
development and future of the whole country and implement the decisions
of the high level government.
People shall have total control
on the People’s Democratic government. It will make the broad masses
participate in the daily work of the government by adopting proper
methods. People’s opinion will have much importance in the decisions
and in solving problems. It will make the people have an active
role in the implementation of decisions and in the review. It will
facilitate the supervision of the work of the government representatives.
Relations between the village
level and area level janathana sarkars
Janathana sarkars shall send their budget reports
and the details of the necessary funds to the area janathana sarkars.
The village janathana sarkars shall send the
annual report of their activities and the annual accounts to the
area janathana sarkar.
The AJS will release the necessary funds to the
village janathana sarkars in its jurisdiction. It will also provide
help and guidelines. It will go through their annual reports and
accounts. It will inspect the activities of the village janathana
sarkars. It will give the necessary orders and review the decisions.
It will introduce its annual reports and accounts for a discussion.
All the departments of the janathana
sarkars and the members bearing various responsibilities in these
departments should work with dedication, sincerity, and simplicity,
sacrificing nature, hard work, collectivity and other such revolutionary
characters. They must not let bribes, gifts, partial nature, bad habits,
misbehavior towards women, male domination, harshness towards people
and other such immoral, anti people policies. They must not deny the
laws. They must fulfill their duties in a proper manner. They must
always remember that they are serving the people.
Amendment of constitution
Necessary amendments may be made to
the fundamental policies and tasks in the people’s assemblies /representative
assemblies with ľ majority and send them to the high level government.
It shall be elected with 7-11 members
along with the president and the vice-president of the janathana sarkar.
Duties of the president
Presiding over the meetings of the government
Informing the dates of the meeting and the agenda
to the members one week earlier
Maintaining and protecting the government records
Maintaining the responsibilities of office and
Coordinating all the activities of the government
in the status of the president.
Duties of the vice-president
Fulfilling the works assigned through the president
Presiding over the meetings in the absence of the
president. Conducting the responsibilities of the president.
The other members of the people’s
government committee shall bear the responsibility of the various
departments as per their work division
Government departments – departmental
In view of the present necessities
it shall form 8 departmental committees – (1) Financial (2) Defense
(3) Agriculture (4) Judicial (5) Education – Culture (6) Health (7)
Forest protection (8) Public relations.
The departments might be reduced or
increased basing on the needs. All the departments shall consist 3-7
members. People’s assemblies/representatives assemblies shall elect
them (except the defense department).
Elections will be held once in three
years to the people’s governments. The elected village janathana sarkars
shall meet once in a month and area janathana sarkars once in 2 months.
It will hold meetings once in 4 months with all the members of the
departmental committees. It will review the method of functioning
of the government in the meetings of the people’s assemblies/representatives
assemblies once in 6 months in the initial stage of the formation
of the government. Later it must hold such meetings once in a year.
Normal meetings will be held in the stipulated time. Meetings will
be held only if there is a quorum of 2/3rd. it will make
general decisions according to the opinion of majority. If 1/3rd
members ask so, meeting can be held.
The standing committees are formed
with the responsible persons of the president, vice-president, finance,
defense departments for taking up daily works and supervision of the
governments in the respective level. The standing committees will
provide the daily guideline to implement the decisions the committees
took in between the meetings of the governmental committee.
- Finance department
It shall adopt the annual budget as per the decision
of the government according to the proposals of the various departments.
Budget shall be set from 1st January to 31st
Income is in the form of taxes and donations
from the people and fines from the anti people elements. This
shall be in the form of cash or paddy. Government shall decide
the taxes. Finance department shall bear the responsibility of
It will strive for the development of business,
handicrafts, domestic industries and small industries based on
agriculture and forest products, in the individual level on the
basis of cooperation. It will encourage private business in the
specific fields. But it will control the exploitation of the traders
It will collect royalty from the traders and
contractors that take the local resources, with the permission
of the janathana sarkar.
It will mobilize the masses widely with the aim
of developing the economic system to fulfill the necessities of
the masses and that of the People’s War and takes up all the necessary
The finance department will release the annual
accounts of the government only after all the departments submit
They shall be closely linked with the cooperative
organizations and shall give loans and grants if necessary.
It will release bonds whenever necessary, for
the government as capital.
The finance department shall maintain the details
of the properties of the government.
- Agriculture department
It shall distribute the lands people’s government
seized to the agricultural laborer, landless peasants, poor peasants
and lower middle class peasants on the basis of ‘land to the tiller’.
It shall give priority to the families of soldiers in the People’s
Army, to the families of martyrs and those dependent on them,
injured in the war as per the class line. It will give importance
to till the lands of the families of full timers in revolution
that cannot work in their lands to the sufficient extent, the
lands of those families that do not have the necessary number
to work, that of old people, that of women not allowed to till,
that of those who lost husbands and that of helpless persons.
It will give land equal to a middle peasant to the landlords that
surrender and shall confiscate the rest of the land. It will implement
the rest of the land reforms phase wise as per the preparation
and the strength of the movement. It will take charge of the immobile
properties. It will utilize them for the people’s needs.
It will prepare the record of land ownership.
It shall strive to develop the cooperative movement and agriculture.
It will release joint patta in the name of families
and in the name of wife and husband.
It will record the details of transfer of land
and transaction of lands. One must take the permission of this
department if they want to buy or transfer lands to the non-adivasis.
Those who want to leave their house and lands must inform the
local janathana sarkar.
It shall strive to solve land disputes between
the local and non-local persons, among the local people and among
the non-locals as per the class line and with the view to mobilize
and integrate the masses of all the democratic classes.
It will decide the minimum wages and working
day not above than 8 hours according to the situation in the area.
It will decide equal wages for equal work.
It will dissolve and ban illegal interest.
It will see that land is taken up for agriculture
family wise or collectively. It will help those that do not have
cows, seeds and agricultural tools to arrange the same through
the government. It shall distribute cattle, seeds and agricultural
tools seized from the landlords and hierarchs to the necessary
peasants. Though there is private ownership over land, it will
encourage collective work through mutual labor cooperation of
the peasants in leveling the land, tilling, transplantations,
weed removing, harvesting, growing vegetables, raising fruits,
fish, cattle raising and other such agricultural and agriculture
related works. It will thus develop the cooperative movement.
It will strive to increase productivity and production so as to
fulfill the necessities of food grains to the people and give
importance to the development of agriculture. The collective lands,
collective plantations, collective ponds, fish rising and other
such things shall be in the control of this department.
It will encourage the peasantry to store the
seeds, raise two crops, grams and oil seeds. It will oppose utilizing
the seeds of imperialist multinational corporations.
It will encourage and develop the usage of local
fertilizers. It will test the fertility of land and takes up measures
for its protection.
It will take up the building of canals to facilitate
water to the fields instead of growing paddy in the ponds like
it is done now. It will build check dams and small irrigations
projects as a part of irrigation.
It will see that production will not suffer in
the time of enemy repression. It will try to re grow the lost
crop as soon as possible. It will help the peasants to store their
properties, mainly crops from the enemy attack.
This department will look after the cattle house
of the village.
- People’s defense department
This will conduct the defense duties of the janathana
sarkar. It will provide protection to the people’s department.
It will follow class line and mass line in all affairs of defense.
It will suppress the local enemies. It will expose
the enemy informers and CIDs and expose them among the masses.
It will arrest them and summon them before the people’s court.
It will actively move the militia and the masses in identifying
and controlling them. It will pass information about such persons
to the janathana sarkar, Party, People’s Guerilla forces and the
It will take up all the necessary actions the
janathana sarkar decides to defeat the enemy conspiracies and
control the conspiratorial actions of the enemy.
It will encourage all those qualified to join
the people’s militia. It will strive to arm them and train them.
It will encourage and mobilize the youth to join PGA forces.
It will establish government intelligence and
make it work. It will establish a ‘protective department’ (security
force) to protect the law and order in the masses. This department
will see that the bad elements, hierarchs do not provoke anti
revolutionary ideas and create riots in the village. It shall
help the people to intensify the People’s War by protecting law
and order in the village.
Jails shall be in the control of this department.
This department will implement the punishments the people’s court
It will mobilize the people to fight back and
defeat the encirclement and suppression attacks and campaigns
of the enemy forces. It will cooperate with the main, secondary
forces and command in this area in retaliation.
This department too shall have in its control
the people’s government armed forces.
- People’s judicial department
The people’s courts will work as per the new
principles of justice, class line and mass line. The judicial
department will solve the problems between the people so as to
enhance their integrity. Normally it does not punish to solve
them. When it tries landlords, hierarchs, heads of the ruling
class parties, exploiting government officers, police, paramilitary,
military forces, goondas, anarchists, thieves, deceivers, conspirators,
police agents and others it isolates them from the people and
punishes them in the necessary way including confiscation of their
properties. It follows methods to increase the role of people
in avoiding crimes. It gives death sentence to those who indulge
in counter revolutionary crimes. Before it implements death sentence
the local janathana sarkars have to obtain permission from the
higher courts. Except for counter revolutionary crimes, it will
send those indulged in murder, attempt to murder, atrocities on
women, informing the exploiting police and other such things to
the labor camps. In these camps, they are made to do labor. They
are taught revolutionary politics and are reformed. It will help
to develop the people’s judicial system by passing verdict on
disputes, crimes and conspiracies. It will also keep in view the
customary traditions while giving verdict. The number of judges
must be according to the character and intensity of the cases.
The judicial committee solves the normal cases. In critical cases
the number of judges may be enhanced to nine.
There are yet certain forums to solve the disputes
among the people in the adivasi society. According to the intensity
of the problem and the character they are brought forth. The people’s
court must bear this in mind. The people’s courts will strive
to develop these forums to be people oriented and work for the
integrity among the people.
Whatever the case or dispute may be, it will
collect the related information about the case beforehand, listen
to the arguments of both the parties during the trial, listen
to the evidences totally and then pass a verdict. Normally the
trial is open and the people can tell their opinion freely. Thus
their role in the judicial system will increase.
In each and every case there must be voting among
the judges and verdict must be given according to the opinion
of the majority. It may be given with slight majority also. But
in critical cases the verdicts must have 2/3 rd majorities. The
president of the judicial departmental committee or the judge
that presided the trial shall announce the verdicts. They must
give the necessary explanation.
Those who are not satisfied with the verdict
of the local judicial committee can appeal to the area court and
even above it.
All the citizens shall have fundamental and ordinary
rights. No citizen should be arrested without proper legal basis.
The citizens must consider the arrest as a proper action done
in a democratic legal method. Otherwise they can challenge the
The people’s judicial committee shall take the
help of the other departments, mainly the defense committee in
trying the cases.
If the members of the Party Committee or the
PGA forces commit mistakes in dealing with the people they will
be summoned in the people’s court with the permission of the concerned
The people’s courts will make a comprehensive
and deep study regarding the families of the soldiers, martyrs
and injured in the people’s army and regarding the ‘pado’ (spouses)
of those that are recruited into the Party and pass verdict.
- Peoples education and cultural committee
This departmental committee shall look after
the educational and cultural responsibilities for the development
of scientific, democratic culture among the masses. In addition
to the political consciousness and scientific knowledge it will
strive to create primary knowledge about administration, organization
and state affairs.
It will run primary, middle and adult schools
and libraries for general education. It will strive to prepare
new textbooks. It will make efforts to teach primary education
in mother tongue.
It will raise the consciousness of the masses
against the feudal, imperialist culture and develop democratic
culture among the people. It will raise the consciousness of the
masses so that they will come out of the feudal and bad traditions.
It will enlighten the people so that they oppose
the media that propagates drinking liquor, gambling, prostitution
and obscene literature (songs and films). It bans the same. It
will enlighten the people so that they consider untouchability,
discrimination of caste and tribe, violence on women, attacks
on minorities as crimes and mobilizes them against the same.
It will conduct revolutionary festivals. It will
conduct sports competition. It will strive to develop the youth
physically and mentally. It will utilize the educated youth, intellectuals
and teachers for the development of education and culture.
The committee shall conduct meetings and conferences
for the development of education and culture whenever necessary.
In addition to the development of education it will seriously
try to develop New Democratic Culture and values in the personal,
family and social life. It will highlight the people’s art. It
will pay attention to protect them. It will make a study on the
local customs and traditions, festivals, marriages, death, deliveries
and other such things and try to reduce the expenditure on them.
It will try to bring the necessary reforms in this regard.
It will encourage inter caste, inter tribe and
inter religious marriages with the aim of developing New Democratic
Culture. It will support those who marry so.
It will totally oppose the attempts to Hinduise
the adivasis. It will condemn and oppose marriages of adivasi
goddesses with the name of Hindu goddesses, building temples,
make the adivasi children sing divine songs and conducting Hindu
festivals. It will oppose the attitude of those who transformed
into Hindu religion considering adivasis as untouchables and discriminating
them branding as ‘katwa’ (sudra). It will condemn and oppose the
propagation of ramayana, mahabharatha and other epics. It will
stop the process of proselytizing the adivasis to Hindu religion
and the construction of churches in the adivasi areas.
It will not allow Saraswathi sisumandir, Sevabharathi,
Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram and other such things that are distorting
history and other subjects through the texts with Hindu religious
ideology in the name of education.
It will oppose and shall not allow the activities
of NGA and INGO (international non government organizations) that
is misleading the masses from class struggle in the name of education,
medicine and other such services with the help of imperialist
and multinational corporations and their funds.
It will take care that the ‘aarogato’, ‘pothum
kabad’, ‘paaro’ and other such methods do not be useful for the
hierarchs for economic exploitation. It will try to develop the
cooperative nature and integrity in the adivasi traditions.
It will discourage long duration collective hunting.
It disturbs the agricultural development works. It will encourage
the people to utilise this time for productive activities.
- Public health – Social Welfare department
This department will strive for the protection
of people’s health to better their living conditions. It will
develop their understanding towards physical fitness, the importance
of exercises in order to continue People’s War and strives to
take the necessary actions.
It will pay special attention for the health
of women and children.
It will strive to utilize the local methods of
medicine. It will try to remove the unscientific ideas in the
traditional medicine like manthra and encourage the herbal medicine
they practice. It will send volunteers for primary training to
fulfill the primary medical necessities of the people and use
them as doctors. It will run medical centers locally. The doctors
will go to the patients and the patients need not necessarily
go to the doctor or those who have medicine. It will encourage
the people to take medicines from the medical center. It will
buy the necessary medicine for the medical center. It will collect
funds for the medical center through collective labor or in the
form of donations. It will collect medicines from all sources
including the voluntary organizations. It will also utilize the
services of doctors with democratic ideas. It will conduct medical
It will try to eliminate the blind superstitions
in the people regarding health.
It will caution the people about the seasonal
diseases. It will propagate the precautions to be taken. It will
enlighten the people about nutritional diet, personal and social
hygiene and against the bad habits. If anyone needs to go the
hospital the committee shall help him or her in all ways.
It will record births and death.
It will mobilize the people and protect hygiene.
It will conduct meetings and propaganda campaigns to develop the
knowledge of people about health and hygiene. It propagates in
It will pay special attention towards the handicapped,
old persons, orphans, children and welfare of victims of repression.
It will try to arrange houses and house sites
for those who do not have, with the help of the people.
It will try to create clean drinking water and
will mobilize the people for the same.
- Forest protection committee
It will protect the forests maintaining the traditional
boundaries. It will protect the environment.
It will allow the people to use the trees that
fell in the forest as fuel.
One has to obtain timber for domestic purposes
and agricultural tools with the permission of this department.
It will regulate the trading of forest products
for profit. It will oppose procuring of herbs, fruit trees and
other valuable trees that are helpful for medical services in
methods that would destroy them.
It will strive for developing forests. It will
stop illicit timber business. It will arrest those who do illegal
timber business and those who help for the same and hand over
them to the people’s court.
It will oppose the plantations of the exploiting
government that destroys environment.
It will work against the exploiting government
policies that are trying to send away the adivasis from the forests
in the name of construction of Vanyaprani abhayaranyas, National
Parks and other such things.
Those who need lands for agriculture must cut
the forest only with the permission of this department.
It will allow the traditional hunting of adivasis.
But hunting for the sake of business is banned. It will also ban
business of flesh, horns, skin and other such organs of the animals.
It will ban the use of chemical pesticide to
catch fish, animals and birds.
It will oppose all kinds of heavy projects that
lead to the destroyal of forests in a big way and displace the
adivasis and destroy the environment.
- Public relations department
It will take the government policies to the people
through the various mass organizations. It will have a close relation
with the mass organizations for this purpose. It will not intervene
in their internal matters.
It will strive to make the mass organizations
play a main role in implementing the government policies in a
It will widely propagate the activities
and policies of the government. It will release the necessary