Maharashtra Timeline 2009
An encounter took place between
the Police and the CPI-Maoist cadres during a search operation
at Salangtola forest range in the Gondia District.
A newly-sanctioned Police vehicle,
allotted to the anti-Naxal operation squad as part of the efforts
to modernize the unit, was stolen by suspected CPI-Maoist cadres
from outside the driver's residence in Nagsenwan under Yashodhara
Nagar Police Station in Nagpur.
The CPI-Maoist has decided to
strengthen the Maoist's influence in Maharashtra by merging of
its Maharashtra operations with that of the larger and stronger
Dandkarenya committee, active in Chhattisgarh, at a recent meeting
in the jungles of Gadhchiroli District in Maharashtra. As of now,
left-wing extremism in Maharashtra is confined to only 4-5 Districts,
comprising of Chandrapur, Bhandara, Gondia and Gadhchiroli, and
the Maoists did not pose much of a challenge to the State Police
due to their limited operational capabilities. By the merger of
Maharashtra operations with the more powerful Dandkaranya committee
- which is successfully engaging counter-Naxal forces in south
Chhattisgarh, including the Special Task Force, Central Reserve
Police Force and the Commando Battalions for Resolute Action battalion
- the CPI-Maoist cadres hoped to carry over the operational successes
in Dandkarenya to the adjoining Districts of Maharashtra. This
would also further facilitate the inter-State operations of the
Activities of the CPI-Maoist
have declined in Maharashtra as the insurgents in the Gadchiroli,
Chandrapur and Gondia Districts of the State are facing a shortage
of cadre following zero-recruitment in the last few years. There
is a drop in the CPI-Maoist related crime as well their activity
over a period due to cadre shortage and increase in the number
of arrests as well as surrenders, the Additional DGP (Anti-Naxalites
Operation), Pankaj Gupta, said. Further, major heads in Maoist
related crime including blasts, attack on Policemen and civilians,
arson, kidnapping, dacoity and robberies, sabotages and other
offences have shown a downward trend since the last four years,
Gupta said. According to statistics, only 85 such offences were
recorded in 2008 against 114 in year 2007, 128 in 2006 and 134
in 2005. Besides, the number of encounters with Maoists was 24
in 2008 dropping from 34 and 40 in 2007 and 2006 respectively
against 24 in 2005, he added.
About 320 Maoists have surrendered
since August 29, 2005 when the State Government came out with
a Maoist Surrender Policy, the Police official said. Also, a record
number of 145 CPI-Maoist cadres have laid down arms during 2008
against 93 in 2005, 67 in 2006 and 39 in 2007, he stated. As per
the surrender scheme, the State Government extended financial
assistance to the tune of INR 16.3 million to them, depending
on their rank in the outfit.
Speaking on the crime scenario,
Gupta said Police succeeded in killing as many as 41 Maoists between
2005 to 2008 including a highest number of 22 in 2006 and 11 in
2008. The figures of extremists arrested in 2005, 2006, 2007 and
2008 (302, 93, 138 and 123) are impressive considering the stiff
resistance and indiscriminate use of firearms by them, he claimed.
Six Policemen were killed in 2008, three in 2007, four in 2006
and 25 in 2005, he added.
Around 87 Under Barrel Grenade
Launchers, also known as 'small artillery', are likely to be commissioned
soon to be part of the State's Security Force's arsenal - particularly
in anti-Maoist operations. The multipurpose launcher, which can
be used for simultaneous assault, can be put into action for both
exposed and hidden targets like those behind barricades, trenches
or bunkers and also on the other side of slopes or any other artificial
or natural blockade. The weapon, which can operate best within
the range of 50 meters to 400 meters, can be lethal within six
Speaking at a seminar on challenges of internal
security, the Director-General of the Border Security Force, M.
L. Kumawat said, "Pune is one of the top targets that Naxals had
zeroed on, according to documents seized during recent investigations."
15 Police personnel, including a Sub-Inspector,
were killed by the CPI-Maoist cadres when a patrolling party visited
the forest area of Morke village in the Gadchichiroli District.
The report adds that "seven to eight" Maoists were also subsequently
killed during the encounter with the Police that followed the
ambush. However, the Police have not recovered the bodies of slain
Maoists. The Additional DGP (Anti-Naxal Operations) Pankaj Gupta
said, "The encounter began at IST 10.50 am. It lasted for more
than one and half hours. Fifteen of our people, including a sub-inspector,
were killed in the encounter. I cannot say for sure as to how
many Maoists were killed in the encounter. But, my guess is that
seven to eight Maoists were killed in the encounter. We have not
been able to lay hands on the bodies of the Maoists. Normally
in this kind of situation, what Maoists do is that they drag away
the bodies once their men are killed in the encounters."
The Maharashtra Home Minister Jayant Patil said
the attack was pre-planned. "There is strong possibility of Naxals
moving out to neighbouring States. We sent reinforcement after
learning about the attack. We had summoned a helicopter from Chhattisgarh
as well." The Maharashtra Minister of State for Home Nitin Raut
said, ''''Not satisfied with killing the cops, the Maoists also
placed explosives on the bodies of dead cops. They also took away
The Maharashtra Government approved a sum of INR
13.86 billion for special action programme to develop infrastructure
and other projects in the CPI-Maoist infested areas of six Districts
- Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Gondia, Nanded Yavatmal and Bhandara.
13 cadres of the CPI-Maoist, who were involved
in the attack killing 15 Policemen on February 1, were arrested
by the Police during combing operation at three villages, including
Markegaon, in the Gadchiroli District. The SP of Gadchiroli, Rajesh
Pradhan, told, "They were nabbed during the combing operation
launched last Sunday afternoon immediately after the attack."
Around 200 villagers from Markegaon have gone missing since the
attack and the subsequent Police action.
Three persons were killed by the CPI-Maoist cadres
in two separate incidents in the Lekurbodi and Dobur villages
of Gadchiroli District. According to Police sources, a group of
around 30 armed Maoists stormed into the houses of two villagers,
identified as Maharsingh Rama Naroti and Hariram Jairam Madavi,
dragged them out of their houses and killed the duo accusing them
to be informers of Gondia Police in the Lekurbodi village. The
Korchi dalam is suspected to be involved in the killings,
The Maoists also dragged out another civilian,
identified as Mangru Doke Parsa, from his house and beat him to
death with baton and sticks in the Dobur village of Bhamragarh
tehsil accusing him to be a Police informer.
The Maharashtra Police's Anti Naxal Operation
cell, while analyzing the pattern of recent killings of civilians
the State, said that the CPI-Maoist was trying to divert the attention
of the SFs from the ongoing operations in the Maoist-affected
areas by killing civilians. "We are intrigued as the Naxals took
almost a year to react in Bhamragarh area of South Gadchiroli.
It may be a concerted effort to distract the forces' attention,
as an operation is currently on along the Gondia and Chhattisgarh
borders… These killings are being carried with an aim to create
panic and send a message to the villagers to stay away from the
Police," said unnamed ANO officials.
A group of 15 CPI-Maoist cadres were arrested
and a cache of arms and ammunition, including seven locally manufactured
guns, bundles of wire and a mine, was recovered by the Anti-Naxalite
Squad personnel during a combing operation in the Gadchiroli District.
According to the ANS chief Pankaj Gupta, "The operation is the
outcome of accurate intelligence inputs which we garnered, strict
road blockades and massive combing operations by Security Forces
in two sub-Districts infested with Maoists.
A gun-battle ensued between a group of CPI-Maoist
cadres and Police personnel when the Maoists ambushed a patrolling
party near Karka village under Jarawandi Police Station in the
Gadchiroli District. Though no casualty was reported, blood stains
at two spots at the encounter site suggested that at least two
Maoists sustained bullet injuries in the encounter. The Police
later recovered five nozzle-loading guns, two kilograms of explosives,
camera flash, two detonators, four backpacks, wire bundle and
other CPI-Maoist material from the incident site.
A group of CPI-Maoist cadres set ablaze two trucks
deployed on a road construction site near Raspalli village under
Jimalgatta sub-Police Station of the same District.
A team of the Police's Anti-Naxal Operations wing
has left for Orissa to interrogate the senior CPI-Maoist cadres,
including a central committee member. "The ANO personnel would
be keen to know the latest decisions, targets and strategies adopted
by Maoists from their central committee member," said a senior
official, adding, "The details would be crucial in combating the
Maoists in the Dandakaranya zones and adjoining areas."
Posters of the CPI-Maoist threatening a boycott
of the Parliamentary elections scheduled to be held in April 2009
were found at Kotmi village in the Etapalli taluka of Gadchiroli
The CPI-Maoist called for a general shutdown in
the Gadchiroli, Gondia and Chandrapur Districts on April 10. Police
said Maoist propaganda material, issued jointly by the Maharashtra
State committee, Gadchiroli division and Dandakaranya Special
Zonal Committee of the CPI-Maoist, was spotted at three places
near Yerkar bus stop and on the road connecting Dhanora and Murumgaon.
The banners ridicule Police operations like Sarvodaya and Parakram
and condemn Police action against villagers of Markegaon, Bandhur,
Kosmi, Katezhari and Gudekasa. The banners also claimed that Police
commandos torched houses in Bandhur village. They also demanded
immediate withdrawal of the para-military Central Reserve Police
Force from Gadchiroli.
A group of 30 to 40 armed cadres of the CPI-Maoist
killed a father and his son at Heti village in the Gadchiroli
District. The deceased were identified as Deorao Narayan Madavi
and his son Swapnil.
14 CPI-Maoist cadres and three SF personnel were
killed during a three hour-long encounter between a group of 300
CPI-Maoist cadres and around 30 SF personnel at Mungner village
in the Dhanora tehsil of Gadchiroli District. The slain
SF personnel were identified as Gopichand Netam, Dnyaneshwar Seph
and Kalidas Wadde. Several commandos were injured during the encounter.
The encounter took place when the SFs, led by Commander Munna
Singh Thakur, were patrolling in the Dhanora area as a part of
their regular operation. According to the Additional Director
General of Police, Pankaj Gupta, "The heavily armed Naxals were
in advantageous position in the hilly terrain. Commander Thakur's
experience came handy in the crisis situation. The Naxals were
tackled in a strategic manner by using the ammunition judiciously.
Thakur ensured that the commandos advanced and try to corner the
Naxals. The Naxals had rained bullets and also hurled mortars
at the commandos. One of the commandos lost his life while trying
to prevent the Naxals from fleeing with the bodies of their slain
Maharashtra Chief Minister Ashok Chavan in a meeting
directed the State Home department to chalk out an action plan
on an immediate basis to tackle the CPI-Maoist menace in the State.
"Eighteen Policemen and 16 civilians have been killed in 12 Naxal
attacks in last three months. We need tight security to ensure
that the elections can be carried out peacefully. Apart from the
support from Chhattisgarh, the Naxalites are believed to be assisted
by their counterparts from Sri Lanka and Nepal," a senior official
of the Home department told Chavan during the meeting. The State
Government demanded four helicopters and four battalions of central
security agencies to be used for the election in Maoist infested
areas. Chavan also asked the Home department to seek the Army's
help if needed. "An action plan should be immediately chalked
out and followed rigorously to ensure elections are conducted
peacefully," he added. The Chief Minister has also written to
the Union Minister for Home Affairs, P. Chidambaram, for 12 companies
of the paramilitary forces exclusively for Gadchiroli and Gondia
Districts to counter the Maoists.
The SFs neutralized a CPI-Maoist attack when the
troops were escorting election officials to the Michgaon polling
booth. "The polling party had decided to halt at Michgaon Thursday
night fearing an attack. It had faced an attack earlier. We sensed
the danger and worked out a plan. A reinforcement of C-60 commandos
was sent to help the escorting party," said the Anti-Naxal Operations
chief Pankaj Gupta, adding, "Around 120 Naxals (left-wing extremists)
tried to attack the polling party near Godalwahi village. The
Security Forces retaliated fiercely compelling them to retreat.
The frustrated Naxals then triggered a blast. In fact, we are
sure they have lost a couple of their men."
Security Forces dug out a landmine from the road
connecting Allapalli and Bhamragadh at Perimili in Aheri and rescued
a polling party from CPI-Maoist attack when the party was returning
from Michgaon village in Gadchiroli District. The Bomb Detection
and Disposal squad from Pranhita defused the mine recovering almost
15 kilograms of explosives.
A dalam commander of the CPI-Maoist, identified
as Sinu, killed a fellow cadre due to personal rivalry in the
Gadchiroli District. The victim was identified as Manohar Korke
Eight CPI-Maoist cadres reportedly surrendered
before the Gadchiroli Police.
16 Police personnel, including five women constables,
were killed during a three-hour long encounter with a group of
armed CPI-Maoist cadres near the hills of Hatti Tola in Gadchiroli
District. The encounter took place when a team of 16 member Police
party led by Inspector Ashok Aiyyar was busy in clearing the Dhanora-Murumgaon
road of the District, which was blocked by the CPI-Maoist by felling
trees during their two-day long bandh call from May 20
in the Bhandara, Gondia and Gadchiroli areas. The Maoists after
killing all 16 Police personnel also looted their arms and ammunition
and set ablaze the two Police vehicles.
A group of more than 70 Maoists, who were camping
near Tabitola village, bordering the State of Chhattisgarh, opened
fire on the Police personnel and triggered landmine blasts later,
Superintendent of Police Rajesh Pradhan said. More than five dalams
of Maoists, armed with AK-47 rifles and other sophisticated weapons,
attacked the Police team, which was reportedly taken completely
by surprise. This is the first time women constables have been
killed in a clash between Maoists and the Police.
Following the killing of 16 SF personnel by the
CPI-Maoist on May 21 in Maharashtra, Police have beefed up security
in the State in May 22. "Security has been beefed up in the Naxal-infested
areas of Kanker and Rajnandgaon Districts," said an unnamed senior
Home Minister Jayant Patil said the State Government
has decided to set up a dedicated force of two to three battalions
to tackle the Maoist violence and seek eight to 10 battalions
of central paramilitary force to be Stationed in eastern Vidarbha
region. Patil also said that he will convene a meeting in Mumbai
in first week of June to chalk out a joint strategy with Home
Ministers of the neighbouring States of Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh,
Jharkhand and Orissa. Expressing an immediate need of additional
special forces from the Central Government to deal with the Maoist
activities in Gadchiroli, he said; "Chhattisgarh has 16 battalions
of central forces posted in its territory, Andhra Pradesh too
has few such battalions, but Maharashtra has none. I am going
to raise the demand with Union Home Minister to deploy at least
eight to 10 central paramilitary battalions permanently in State.
Besides this, we (State Government) will also raise two to three
new battalions to deal with the Naxalites." Rejecting the theory
of military solution to Naxal problem, he said that "military
action at this stage is not acceptable. It will be the last resort."
Following the killing of 16 Policemen in Godchiroli
on May 21, Maharashtra Home Minister Jayant Patil has called for
a joint operation involving the neighbouring States. Patil said
the new operation envisaged bringing together the Home Ministers
of neighbouring CPI-Maoist affected States to counter the menace.
It might include simultaneous combing operations. Maharashtra
had placed orders for night-vision binoculars and some other equipment.
"We are waiting for delivery of arms," he informed. The State
would demand more number of Central battalions. Earlier, the Union
Government provided two battalions, which were later withdrawn.
SP Rajesh Pradhan told that there were around 235 permanent Maoist
cadres in north and south Gadchiroli. Hinting at a change in Maoist
strategy, he said that earlier the attacks were carried out by
cadres in small numbers. However, now they came in large numbers,
CPI-Maoists have opened a new front at their stronghold
in Gadchiroli called 'Indravati Company,' christening it after
the river that separates the States of Maharashtra and Andhra
Pradesh. The revelation has come to fore recently, among other
inputs, after surrendered Maoists revealed crucial details on
being interrogated. 'Indravati Company', formed by amalgamating
two platoon dalams having a strength of around 75 cadres,
has been made functional to give impetus to the movement in the
southern part of Gadchiroli, which is included in the ambitious
Dandakaranya plan of the CPI-Maoists. The newly formed company,
which is placed under Gadchiroli-based senior cadre identified
as Suresh, has been assigned special responsibilities along with
strengthening the movements in the stronghold.
The Mumbai Police recovered 917 live cartridges
and arrested one person in this connection. The Joint Commissioner
of Police, Rakesh Maria, said that Mumbai-based Mansood Khan was
arrested along with 500 live cartridges and another 417 were found
atop a public toilet. All the live rounds were reportedly of firearms
.30, .32, 9 mm and .375 and 12 bore. They are good quality foreign-made
cartridges, Maria added.
The State Government has decided to impart special
training to the Special Task Force (STF) created to take action
against the CPI-Maoist. The decision was taken to counter the
increase in Maoist attacks at Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Bhandara,
Yavatmal and Nanded Districts. The Additional Secretary (Home),
Kailash Bilonikar, issued a notification directing the Force One
battalion (created specially to tackle terror attacks), to impart
rigorous training to the STF at Wadachiwadi in Pune from September
1. The training centre would use the resources of the Unconventional
Operation Training Centre.
A disabled Police constable, Nagesh Payam (40)
and his niece, Sunita (18), were killed by a group of nearly 25
cadres of the CPI-Maoist in the Kopela village of Gadchiroli District.
The victims were visiting their native village. The official said
the Maoists could have killed the constable suspecting him to
be a Police informer.
A 60-year-old man was killed by the Maoists in
the night at an unspecified place as his son had joined the C-60
commando force in 2008.
At least six cadres of the CPI-Maoist were killed
during an encounter with the Police at Tadgaon in Gadchiroli District.
N.S. Jagtap, spokesperson for the Gadchiroli Police, told that
no body had been recovered till late evening. But blood stains
found at the place where the Maoists were holed up during the
encounter indicated that at least six of them were either killed
or seriously injured. "The injured (or dead) are suspected to
have been removed by the fleeing Naxal group," Jagtap said, adding
that the combing of the area was in progress to track them down.
He said there was no injury on the Police side as the information
about the waiting Maoist ambush had been received in advance,
enabling the Police to take proper guard during the encounter.
The Police later recovered a 12-bore rifle, a claymore mine, eight
detonators, two gelatin sticks, bundles of electrical wire (used
to trigger mine blasts), and some literature and medicines, Jagtap
A young woman cadre of the CPI-Maoist was killed
in an encounter with the Police in Gadchiorli District. A group
of Maoists opened indiscriminate firing at Police patrol party
which returned fire in the Pannemara forests near Murumgoan village
of Dhanora taluka (administrative division). The exchange of fire
lasted for about 30 minutes after which the Maoists escaped, Police
said. Later the Police recovered the body of a woman Maoist aged
between 17 to 19 years. Four locally-made rifles, one grenade
and three bags were recovered from the incident site. Police also
spotted blood stains at three to four places and suspect that
some Maoists might have been injured or killed. However, there
was no confirmation of this claim.
Maoists beheaded one person, identified as Suresh
Alami, at Kurkheda in the same District, suspecting him to be
a Police informer.
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist killed at least 18 Policemen,
including Sub-Inspector C. S. Deshmukh, in an ambush in the dense
forests near Laheri Police Station in Gadchiroli District. The
incident occurred when a 40 member Police party came under heavy
fire from 150 to 200 Maoists at about 1pm (IST) when it was returning
after undertaking search operations following intelligence inputs
that Maoists had assembled in the area. District Collector Atul
Patne told, "As many as two platoons of BSF (50 personnel) and
additional Police force was rushed to the spot and they could
manage to save the rest of the Policemen caught in the heavy fire."
Police sources said that about 15 Maoists were also killed in
the gun battle.
A group of 30-35 Maoists set ablaze a gram
panchayat (village-level local self government institution)
office at Ramgarh in Kurkheda.
The Union Government dispatched 3,700 BSF personnel
to arrest the CPI-Maoist cadres responsible for killing 18 Policemen
in Gadchiroli District on October 8. Presently, there are 3,300
personnel of the Maharashtra anti-Naxal force- the C-60 -and the
central paramilitary force. The Indian Air Force (IAF) has already
pressed two Mi17 copters for the joint operations being carried
out by the Maharashtra and the Chhattisgarh Police.
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist opened fire near Kasansur
in Aheri block of Gadchiroli District shortly before polling commenced.
However, Security Forces did not return the fire as part of a
strategy since Maoists were not visible, Police said.
The State Government had received intelligence
inputs that Maoists from neighbouring States have infiltrated
into the State to foment trouble during voting for the Assembly
elections, a senior Police official said.
Two MI-17 choppers and 450 troops were sent to
Khamtala in the Gadchiroli District to evacuate polling officers
on duty. The polling officers were struck in the post after being
surrounded by cadres of the CPI-Maoist.
People in 22 polling Stations in the Maoist-affected
areas of the State, where poll officials could not reach on the
polling day, will be given another opportunity to vote, the Chief
Election Commissioner Navin Chawla said in New Delhi. The Commission
said the polling percentage in Maoist-affected Gadchiroli was
55 per cent and in adjoining Gondia it was 68 per cent.
Suspected CPI-Maoist cadres opened fire at four
polling Stations in the Gadchiroli District where re-polling was
completed. The Maoists opened indiscriminate fire at the Aeetalli
polling Station in the Kotni sub-District, said the Additional
Superintendent of Police M. K. Sharma. "There were nearly 200
security personnel and we retaliated with firing in their direction.
The attackers later withdrew from the area and polling was conducted
peacefully," Sharma said.
Later in the afternoon, the Maoists again started
firing at the same polling Station as the voting ended and the
poll officials were preparing to leave. Sharma said the Security
Forces returned fire and escorted the poll team to safety. Similar
incidents of firing took place at polling Stations in Burgi in
Kotni sub-District, Tadgaon in Bhamragad sub-District and Korchi
on the Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh border, Sharma added. Sharma said
all the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and around 100 poll
officials have been safely escorted by road or airlifted to the
Mahendrakumar Narote (26) was dragged out of his
house and killed by a group of Maoists in Kulbhatti village under
Dhanora tehsil (revenue division) in Gadchiroli District, suspecting
him to be a Police informer. The Maoists took him to nearby jungle
and slit his throat with a sharp weapon. Sources said that Narote
was a painter and had come back to his village recently after
a four-month stay in Chhattisgarh.
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist expelled Tukaram Rajaram
Kerami, chairperson of Korchi Panchayat Samiti (local self
government body) from his village Bellargondi in Gadchiroli District.
Police said a group of around 35 armed Maoists reached village
Bellargondi late in the night and summoned a meeting of all villagers
at the main square. Kerami along with all other family members
were taken to the meeting place where Maoists announced a diktat
of expulsion of Kerami family out of village on charges of allowing
his son to join the Police forces.
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist stabbed to death Birju
Kiranga (32) from Kothi village in the Etapalli division of Gadchiroli
District in the midnight alleging him of being a Police informer.
Around 50 Maoists were involved in the killing, Police sources
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist set ablaze the Halewara
panchayat (village level local self-government institution)
office in the Etapalli Division of Gadchiroli District. Police
sources said around 35 armed Maoists reached the panchayat office
and vandalized the office furniture and set ablaze all the documents
in the building. The Police claimed a loss to the tune of INR
30,000 in the incident.
Cadres of the CPI-Maoist shot dead Nagi Reddy
(40), an engineer-contractor from Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh
in Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra, apparently as a warning
against executing any development work in this District. Having
obtained a contract from the Maharashtra Government, Nagi Reddy
was laying a 3-km-long road connecting Mahawada and Dudhnala villages.
Nagi Reddy, who had settled down in Dhanora about 20 years ago,
was expecting a lorry load of cement at the work site at about
10.30 a.m. when a band of 20 to 30 Maoistss arrived at the spot
and shot him at point blank range.
A forest department bamboo depot was allegedly
set afire by a group of 10-12 armed CPI-Maoist cadres in the Alapalli
taluka (administrative division) of Gadchiroli District, Police
said. The extent of losses could not be known immediately, they
A group of Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
cadres killed a road contractor in the Gadchiroli District. The
Maoists in the night killed one Umesh Bhiwapure, 30, in the Malewada
area under Kurkheda taluka (revenue division) of Gadchiroli District.
Umesh's throat was slit and bullets fired at him, Police added.
The Maoists suspected him to be a Police informer.
A CPI-Maoist manual that has helped
Maoists accelerate their activities in Gadchiroli has been recovered.
After a subdued stint in Gadchiroli, the Maoists have resolved
to recapture their turf in the eastern District of Maharashtra.
Inducting new militia, modernisng weaponry and much more is the
new Maoist strategy to carry out red terror in Gadchiroli. The
manual is prepared by Kosa alias Satynarayana Rao, 'secretary'
of the Communist Party of India-Marxist-Leninist (CPI-ML) militant
wing. This report, prepared late 2008, is an analysis of the Maoists
decline in Gadchiroli. A future strategy, that's found resonance
in attacks this year, including the gruesome encounter in Laheri
that killed 17 Policemen is mentioned in the report. The report
also states reasons for an unsuccessful Maoist stint in Gadchiroli
since 2003. According to Kosa's observations in the report, Gadchiroli
has eluded Maoist attacks due to inadequate recruitment. The recommendations
of the manual have now been taken very seriously. Three major
attacks this year alone have massacred around 50 Policemen. Kosa's
recommendations include, militia induction drives, classes for
women in Upper Bastar based on new syllabus, formation of another
revolutionary cell of locals and change from guerrilla warfare
to mobile warfare. The Union Government's anti-Maoist operation
'Operation Green Hunt' is in its first stage. And Gadchiroli forms
the first phase of this operation. Given this, Kosa's analysis
could help the forces to beat the Maoists to their own game.
The Naxals (left wing extremists) are concentrating
at the grassroots level as well as strengthening their military
wing for giving an added edge to their already potent striking
powers. At least 10 area dalams (squads) have been formed by the
Naxals in Gadchiroli itself. This is to ensure that their mass
base remains strong in the face of incisive onslaughts by the
Security Forces. The area dalams have received training in deep
forest camps with the active support of the villagers on the either
side of the Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh border. Apart from the other
routine work of recruitment and intelligence gathering, these
area dalam members have been specially trained in planting explosives
and triggering blasts. A recent blast at Chichoda near Fulbodi
Gatta village in the Dhanora tehsil (revenue division) of Gadchiroli
District that left three cops injured was the successful outcome
of the experiment. The patrolling Police party was also fired
at but there was no casualty. Sources also claimed that Naxals,
which have already proved better tacticians than the cops, have
planned to counter the newly-designed counter offensive against
them by turning the District into a virtual minefield rather than
trying to clash with the 18 Central Paramilitary Forces with their
extra fire powers. Sources revealed that the Naxals were already
making their plans even before the paramilitary companies landed
in Gadchiroli after the State elections in October.
Naxals, which too has a potent intelligence wing,
is learnt to have devoted their energies in building a stronger
organizations at village levels. With a view to keep their mass
bases intact, the Naxals focused on building as many area dalams
as possible in different parts of the District. Their plan was
to make Gadchiroli a liberated zone through establishing Janatana
sarkars or their forms of Peoples' Government, like what they
claimed to have done at Abujmadh. According to a local source,
the Naxals have been fast forming smaller groups, comprising 10-15
members, for area dalams to conduct meetings in villages. These
groups fan anti-Government sentiments, appeal villages to join
the movement and cultivate hatred against Security Forces. "These
area dalams are effective in giving shape to bigger sabotage attacks
by combing their strengths, laying traps for cops or working as
support with their military wings during encounter like removing
the bodies of their cadres, distract the cops while fighting and
also delaying the reinforcements," said an unnamed Policeman.
"It'll be bullet for a bullet in our fight against
Maoists...We will not spare any Naxal in Vidarbha. They have already
killed 52 Police jawans this year and it is high time we take
a firm stand," said Chief Minister Ashok Chavan. Chavan said there
was a rise in Naxal (left wing extremist) migration from other
states to Maharashtra. "We cannot have any sympathy for them nor
can we wait for them to surrender. So many lives have been lost.
We will henceforth be more aggressive," he stated, adding, "Maoists
from Nepal have infiltrated and provided firearms and logistics
support to Naxals hiding in our jungles. We are, therefore, expediting
the process of strengthening our Police machinery in Gadchiroli
and other Naxal affected areas, and providing more funds for modern
weaponry, helicopters and equipment." The State Home Minister
R. R. Patil, had on December 14, announced various measures being
taken by Government to tackle the Naxal menace.
However, he had harped on the surrender policy
for Naxals and the need for development in the region. The CM
has, however, taken an aggressive stand on the issue. Chavan said
that the government was also encouraging IAS and IPS officers
to take up posting is these areas. "I often see officers reluctant
to take up such postings. But we are now giving them incentives
to serve Naxal-hit areas," he stated.
A former CPI-Maoist 'commander' was shot dead
by his old companions at his home in the Gondia District, Police
said on December 24. Around 30 to 40 extremists entered the house
of Raghunath Fagnu Markam (48) at Daharitola under Salekasa tehsil
(revenue division) of Gondia District at 1am (IST) on December
23, took him out and pumped two bullets in his chest, killing
the former Maoist on the spot, they said. Raghunath was associated
with the Maosit movement from 1992 to 1999, before his surrender
on November 25, 1999, they said. He has served as 'commander'
of Tanda Dalam between 1992-'96, and was instrumental in attacks
on Police party in the year 1993 and 1995 at Darekasa, Banjaritola
and Murkudoh, Police added. Raghunath was also the man behind
to blown up the BSNL mobile tower in the year 1994 at Darekasa,
and was wanted by Chhattisgarh Police also, they said. After his
surrender, the former Maoist served a three-year jail term and
was living a peaceful life at Daharitola. Raghunath had also contested
State assembly elections from Gondwana Gantantra Party from Amgaon
seat and got 636 votes.