West Bengal Timeline 2017
The UMHA flagged the operational
efficiency of SFs in the Naxal-affected areas as one of
its biggest achievements during a presentation before PM Narendra
Modi. The Ministry informed Modi that since the NDA Government
came to power in May 2014, there had been a 45 per cent increase
in the efficiency of Central Forces (CFs) in operations against
the Naxals. In a presentation made by Home Secretary, Rajiv
Mehrishi, Modi and other officials were informed that the number
of Naxal cadres killed in 2016 had been the highest ever
in six years. Eighty-Four cadres of the CPI-Maoist were killed
in 2015 and in 2016, the number swelled to 218, which was an increase
of 160 per cent. There was also an increase in the number of Police
encounter from 237 in 2015 to 316 in 2016. UHM Rajnath Singh told
in a press conference earlier this week that demonetization had
increased the problems of CPI-Maoist and that they had weakened.
The EFC has already given the go-ahead for an ambitious road project
in the 44 worst Naxal-affected Districts. Under this project,
the Government proposes to construct 5,412 km of roads and 126
bridges and it would cost INR 117.25 million. The Government is
redrawing the 'Red Corridor' - the area affected by LWE - and
may soon take off 20 Districts from the list of Naxal-affected
areas. The 106 Districts which span 10 States - Bihar, Jharkhand,
Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal, Madhya
Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh - constitute the Red Corridor.
Of these, 44 Districts are said to be the worst affected. India
has a total of 683 Districts.
CPI-ML (Red Star), a Naxalite outfit that
has contested elections has token presence in Kerala and West
Bengal, led land agitation near Kolkata. CPI-ML (Red Star) has
become the key organiser of a movement at Bhangar village in South
24 Parganas District. It is to be noted that the villagers are
demanding cancellation of a power grid project designed to transmit
electricity through high tension overhead lines. A senior Police
officer said, "All the leaders of the movement belong to the CPI
(ML) (Red Star). We never monitored their activities because they
held little influence." Police said they are keeping a close watch
on are Alik Chakraborty, Sharmistha Chowdhury and Pradip Singh
Thakur, all leaders of the Red Star faction of CPI(ML). The leader
of the party is K N Ramachandran, who hails from Kerala. Thakur
and Chakraborty are politburo members of the party and Choudhury
a central committee member. Chakraborty is also the spokesperson
of the committee spearheading the movement.
The 'most wanted' CPI-Maoist leader Ranjit Pal
(45) laid down his arms and surrendered before of the STF of Kolkata
Police at Kolkata District. Pal surrendered before State DGO Surajit
Kar Purakayastha and Kolkata Commissioner of Police, Rajiv Kumar
along with his wife Jharna alias Anita also a top CPI-Maoist
leader along the Bengal-Jharkhand border mostly in Purulia District.
Pal surrendered with a SLR. Pal said, "I am surrendering before
Kolkata Police STF and beginning a new life and appeal those who
are wrong path to join the main stream." He added, in past 17
years he had realised that taking up arms was not a solution to
people's problems and the issues had been sorted out in Bengal
to a large extent.
Seven CPI-Maoist cadres surrendered to the SP,
Bharati Ghosh, in West Midnapore District. The seven had 48 cases
pending against them. The seven surrendered CPI-Maoist cadres
were - Saheb Murmu alias Jayanta, Saheb's wife Manasi Mahato,
Dilip Singh, Malati Singh wife of Dilip, Samir Mahato, Baidyanath
Mahato and Banamali Mahato. The surrendered CPI-Maoist cadres
deposited one AK-47 rifle and seven country made guns to the Police.
The surrendered Maoists, all residents of Jhargram Sub-Division,
were allegedly involved in extortion, attacks and other criminal
cases in past few years.
SFs launched a hunt for the last squad of CPI-Maoist,
led by Akash, secretary of the state organising committee in West
Midnapore and Purulia Districts. The squad comprises seven to
10 cadres and is based near Ghatshila area in East Singhbhum District
of Jharkhand. According to Police, the squad is active in and
around Dampara area in Ghatshila sub-division. Atul Mahato, believed
to be another cadre of the state organising committee, is also
with the squad. The squad popularly known as Gurabandha squad
was also involved in formulating policies for revival of Maoist
armed units in Purulia and West Midnapore Districts.
Two CPI-Maoist operatives from Belpahari area
surrendered before the Police in West Midnapore District. Maniram
Sardar and Kabita Sardar were part of the Madan Baske squad of
the Maoists and had expressed desire to shun violence and return
to the mainstream of the society, the Police said. The duos also
laid down one rifle, 13 one-shutter pistols and live cartridges.
Both Maniram and Kabita were wanted in as many as 12 cases in
the District and neighbouring Jharkhand and were accused of being
involved in the murders of JMM MP, Sunil Mahato, and Belpahari
CPI-M leader Sudhir Singh Sardar, the Police said.
Narayan Sanyal (80) a top ranking leader of the
CPI-Maoist died in Kolkata District. Sanyal was suffering from
cancer. Sanyal was the Politbureau member of the CPI-Maoist at
the time of his arrest in 2005 and perhaps the second most important
leader after the party's national secretary, Muppalla Lakshmana
Five months after an alleged CPI-Maoist-led agitation
against a power grid in Bhangar in South 24 Parganas District
that claimed 2 lives in police firing and sparked a blockade,
West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee, asked Bhangar to stay away from
Maoists and come to the negotiation table. Speaking at a public
rally at Bhangar, CM Banerjee asked residents of Bhangar to surrender
their weapons that she claimed were amassed during the movement
or face search operations. "I know there are weapons in the villages.
The Maoists click pictures of you cutting off roads and up in
the arms to garner monetary aid from sympathisers abroad. Did
you get anything? That is why I am urging you to stay away from
the Maoists and denounce them. They are not going to help you,
but I will," the CM said.
NIA filed a charge-sheet with the NIA court in
Kolkata, naming the top CPI-Maoist leader Muppalla Lakshman Rao
aka Ganapathi, 'general secretary' of the Central Committee of
the CPI-Maoist, and four others. The name of the top leader of
the LWE group has come up in the charge-sheet in connection with
the probe that the NIA had undertaken in connection with the arrest
of another of their top leader Sadanala Ramakrishna. He was arrested
from College Street in Central Kolkata in 2012 along with two
other Maoist leaders. The STF had arrested the Maoist leader and
seized INR 9.6 million cash, firearms, ammunition and Maoist literature
The Kolkata STF detained two CPI-Maoist cadres
near West Bengal CM, Mamata Banerjee's residence. According to
STF sources, the two claim that they are part of the Purulia Maoist
group and had come to surrender themselves before the Chief Minister.
Two CPI-Maoist cadres surrendered before West
Bengal Police at the Belguma Police line in Purulia District.
The surrendered Maoists identified as Hazari Hembram alias
Bijoy and Rani Munda alias Pooja were known to be cadres
of the Dalma squad active in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha
region for the CPI-Maoist. The duo handed over one 303 rifle and
a 12mm bore gun to SP, Joy Biswas. Hazari, a resident of Mahalitar
under Balrampur Police Station in Purulia had joined the Maoist
squad in 2006. Rani, who hails from East Singhbhum District of
Jharkhand, entered the Maoist squad in 2015. The Dalma squad of
Maoists primarily operates in the East Singhbhum region of Jharkhand.
A tribal squad, most of its leaders and cadres are from West Bengal.
"These two were also member of regional committee of Dalma squad
surrounding Jharkhand, Orissa and Bengal," SP, Biswas added.
A leader of the CPI-Maoist leader named Ratan
Dey was arrested by the Kharibari Police from Jarla Jote in Darjeeling
District on August 19. The leader's supporters gathered around
the Kharibari Police Station and started a protest while the Police
was taking the arrested to the Siliguri Court. The Kharibari OIC,
Ranjit Pal, stated that Dey has confessed to being a CPI-Maoist
leader. He hails from Kolkata.
Source:Compiled from news reports and