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Assam Timeline - 2017

Date

Incidents

January 1

In a joint operation, the AR and Ledo Police arrested two linkmen of ULFA-I, identified as Raktim Moran and Manab Moran from Itakhola Ledo in Tinsukia District. According to the report, the two linkmen were sending information to ULFA-I and were engaged in illegal coal mines of Ledo area.

Five FICN of INR 2000 were recovered in Demow Kachumari Pathar in Sivasagar District.

January 2

A self styled 'platoon commander' and a cadre of the NDFB-IKS, identified as Danial Muchahary and Rahen Muchahary were arrested after an encounter with a joint team comprising the Police and the Army from Lawdangi area under Dhekiajuli Police station in Sonitpur District. Police recovered one 7.65 pistol, three round live cartridges, three mobile phones along with six SIM cards from the militants. Police sources said that Danial was the self styled 'platoon commander' of NDFB -IKS of '38 battalion' of the outfit.

Three militant outfits of North East, KLO, NLFT and PDCK had set March 31 as 'deadline' for 'Hindi speakers' and Bengalis to 'quit Kamatapur, Karbi-Longri and Tripura' in an statement. The statement was signed by KLO 'chairman' Jiban Singh Koch, NLFT 'organising secretary' Seng-phul Borok and PDCK 'chairman' JK Lijang. The statement also condemned the killing of suspected NDFB-IKS, Ratna Narzary of Khunguri village of Chirang District on December 29 by SFs. According to the report, all these three militant groups are mentored by the NSCN-K and ULFA-I.

A suspected Bangladeshi citizen, identified as Sohail Ahmed alias Omar Nasser Saju was arrested by Cachar District Police at Sadhinbazar area in Cachar District. However, in a reply to a question about Sohail's link with terrorist outfit JMB and also about his possible links behind the Holey Artisan Bakery in Gulshan Police Station of Dhaka, the Police said that nothing conclusive could be arrived at so far and they were investigating all possible angles.

January 3

In a joint operation by AR and Tezpur Police, one suspected individual was arrested along with arms from Barchola village in Dhekiajuli in Sonitpur District. One AK series rifle, two magazines and 21 live rounds were recovered from the arrestee.

One person, identified as Rajiv Rajkhowa was arrested by Pengaree Police following a public chastisement at Dwarmara village in Pengaree in Tinsukia District. The arrested person, Rajiv Rajkhowa, shot a local VDP member, identified as Umesh Rai, at his residence who narrowly escaped death. Then he was caught by the son of the victim with the help of the villagers and later handed him over to Pengaree Police. Local sources said that Rajiv Rajkhowa had served an extortion letter to Rai last year in the name of the ULFA. The Police recovered two handmade revolvers and a writing pad belonging to the ULFA from the arrestee.

Unidentified assailants fired at the residence of Prashanta Gogoi, President OBC wing of BJP, located at Milan Nagar in Dibrugarh District. However, no one was injured in the firing incident. At the time of the incident, Prashanta Gogoi who had joined the BJP few months back was stated to be in Guwahati for some personal work. The Police immediately rushed to the spot and reviewed the situation. No one has been arrested till the filing of this report.

January 4

Belagavi Police along with Assam Police arrested a suspected militant associated with NDFB at a sugar company in Belgaum District of Karnataka.

January 6

One militant of ULFA-I, identified as Lakheswar Baruah alias Lavang Axom was arrested by Bordumsa Police in association with Indian Army at Kathgalguri near Bordumsa in Tinsukia District.

January 8

A militant of NDFB-IKS, identified as Dhananjay Boro alias B.Dahal Thungri (32) was arrested by the Police along with Indian Army at Shantipur area under Runikhata Police Station in Chirang District. One 9mm Pistol, one magazine and 4 rounds of ammunition were recovered from the arrestee. The Chirang District SP Shankar Raimedhi said that the militant was a trained NDFB-IKS cadre of 38th batch and after training he had been operating in Baksa District. But he was on the run after anti-militancy operation was intensified in the state.

January 9

Sources in Assam Police said that at a time when majority of Karbi militant outfits were joining the peace process, PDCK was trying to spread its tentacles in the hill District. The source said that formed under the guidance of I.K. Songbijit, who was earlier the hardliner leader of NDFB-IKS, PDCK has reportedly launched a recruitment drive in the region. The source said, "Ever since the genocide of Adivasis in 2014, Songbijit got reportedly unpopular among the Bodos for his barbaric ways. Sidelined and pushed to Myanmar, the rebel leader formed PDCK with Karbi youths drawn from the NDFB faction." Many Karbi youths were recruited in the NDFB-IKS faction when Songbijit was heading it and Police suspect that these youths helped him to form the new outfit. According to the source, there are around 60 cadres under IK Songbijit in Myanmar training camps. The PDCK is talking about 'sovereignty' and it is backed by NSCN-K and ULFA-I, the source added.

January 10

The terms of the ceasefire agreements with NDFB-RD and NDFB-P had been extended by six months. According to the official sources, the Joint Secretary (North East) of the UMHA and senior officials of the State Government had discussions with leaders of the NDFB-RD and NDFB-P to review the ceasefire agreements. The meetings decided to increase the term of the agreements by six months with effect from January 1 this year (2017).

Security was beefed up after a bomb threat to a bridge at Jirighat in Cachar District by militant groups. Ahead of the Assembly elections in Manipur, intelligence report said that the NSCN-IM or the NSCN-K might blast the Jirighat Bridge, which connects Assam and Manipur.

The ADGP, L R Bishnoi, said that Chinese intelligence agencies had been helping various insurgent groups of North Eastern India having bases in Myanmar. L R Bishnoi also claimed that the chief of ULFA-I, Paresh Barua had currently set up base in Ruili, a Chinese town in the Myanmar border. He said that Paresh Barua had drawn up plans to supply arms procured from Chinese agencies to smaller armed groups of the North-eastern region. "Chinese intelligences have been helping, directly or indirectly various insurgent groups of the North-eastern region that have their bases and hideouts inside Myanmar. These groups are under increasing influence of the Chinese agencies, and ULFA-I leader Paresh Barua is among those top leaders who have been in regular touch with the Chinese liaison office in Ruili on the China-Myanmar border," ADGP LR Bishnoi said.

Giving a break-up of the cadre strength of different North-eastern rebel groups in Myanmar, ADGP Bishnoi also said that while the NSCN-K had over 1,000 cadres there, PLA- a Manipuri group came second with over 250 men. "Taking into account at least ten North-eastern rebel groups having their bases and hideouts in Myanmar, there should be close to 2,500 militants from the region in that country. Of them NSCN-K alone has a little over 1,000 men, followed by around 260 of the PLA, 230 of the UNLF and a little over 200 of the ULFA-I," Bishnoi said. According to him, the strength of the NSCN-IM there would be between 80 and 120, NDFB-IKS about 160, KYKL, PREPAK and PREPAK-Pro around 10 each. "Two things that have been happening there is that while the rebel groups of the region work in close coordination, they get almost 100 per cent support from the local communities close to the Indo-Myanmar who belong to various Naga tribes. These villagers not only provide them food and shelter, but also guide them through the mountainous track," Bishnoi said.

January 11

A strategic group meeting of the Unified Command Structure was held that focused on the increasing activities of JMB and other insurgent groups in Assam. In the meeting, UMHA Joint Secretary Satyendra Garg was present along with Assam Chief Secretary VK Pipersania, Home Commissioner LS Changsan and top officials of other security agencies including the Indian Army.

After the meeting DGP of Assam, Mukesh Sahay said, "In today's meeting, we held detailed discussion on the activities of JMB and other insurgent groups in Assam. All security agencies have been put on high alert for approaching Republic Day." According to the sources, in recent years, at least 40 cadres and linkmen of JMB were arrested in different parts of Assam.

A patrolling party of SSB carried out an operation in the area of Riphu Reserve Forest and busted a camp of NDFB-IKS. The patrolling party recovered sleeping bag for six persons, three country-made guns, one diary, four solar plates, SIM cards, 10 blankets, mosquito nets and many food items, along with various cooking utensils and clothes.

January 14

In terms of militancy related violence, Assam was the only State in the Northeast which recorded higher casualties during 2016, as compared to the previous year (2015). Referencing Government official records, a report said that, in 2016 (up to November), Assam recorded a total of 80 casualties, including 29 civilians, 4 security personnel and 47 extremists. But, in 2015, Assam recorded 58 killings, including 9 civilians and 49 insurgents.

Significantly, the number of civilian casualties in the State rose sharply to 29 in 2016 from 9 in 2015. In 2014, 168 civilian fatalities were recorded. In 2013, 35 civilians were killed in insurgency-related violence across the State. Similarly, casualties among the SFs also increased from zero in 2015 to four in 2016. Due to sustained operations by SFs, 47 militants belonging to various insurgent groups lost their lives during 2016, as against 49 in 2015, 102 in 2014 and 52 in 2013 in the State. According to the high level security sources, there was a substantial decline in insurgency related incidents in 2015. In that year, the level of violence steeply declined to the lowest since 1997. Official records further state that 125 persons were kidnapped in Assam in 2013, 94 in 2014, 27 in 2015 and 14 in 2016. On the other hand, 348 extremists were arrested in 2013, 319 in 2014, 645 in 2015 and 343 in 2016 in the State.

According to the security sources the militant groups having bases in Myanmar have started using different routes of Arunachal Pradesh-Myanmar border to enter into the North East region. Earlier, Nagaland-Myanmar border was considered to be the most vulnerable. Sources said that though some militants are still sneaking to the country through Nagaland, most such infiltrations are taking place through Arunachal Pradesh which is considered to be a peaceful state. Security sources said that most such movements were taking place through the Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The Arunachal Pradesh CM also held a high level meeting with senior officers of the Army and paramilitary forces last month to discuss the situation.

January 15

In a joint operation conducted by the Indian Army and Police, two persons identified as Rahim Badshah (30) and Abdul Sahid (25) were arrested with 800 detonators, a pistol and ammunition from the Shantipur-Beparipara border village under Sukchar Police Station of South Salmara-Mancachar District. Police said that the consignment was meant to be delivered to militants groups in Meghalaya's Garo Hills or to Bangladesh-based militants.

January 16

State's Governor Banwarilal Purohit had extended the term of KAAC for a period of six months with effect from January 13 or till the date of the first sitting after completion of fresh polls to the KAAC, whichever is earlier. The term of the present Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council expired on January 13 on completion of its five year term.

January 17

SFs arrested three militants of MULTA, identified as Zehrul Islam (36), Joved Ali (36) and Ajit Ali (30), from Nayekgaon area of Kokrajhar District. Seven rifles were recovered from the arrested militants. According to Police, the three were involved in extortion and arms dealing on behalf of the militant group.

PDCK, a Karbi militant formation, repeated its earlier 'final ultimatum' to the Hindi and Bengali speaking inhabitants of Karbi Anglong Autonomous District to leave the District before March 31, 2017. This has led to a panic situation among the two communities. PDCK along with two other groups - KLO and NLFT on January 2 had asked the two communities to quit 'Kamatapur', Tripura and 'Karbi Longri' within March 31. The outfits have further warned that after the dateline both the communities would have to face 'the gravest of the grave' situation.

SFs arrested one NDFB-IKS militant, identified as Pushpo Basumatary alias B Fighter, from Daiphang Gaon area in Udalguri District. One AK series assault rifle, one magazine and ten live rounds were recovered from the possession of the arrested militant.

The Karbi Anglong based UCF, local Christian leaders' forum denied the allegations of possible links between the churches and militant leader IK Songbijit to create violence in the region. UCF expressed its concern over these allegations which it states were first expressed by a person named Ranjit over a talk show aired by an Assamese channel on December 7, 2016. In a memorandum submitted to Karbi Anglong DC in Diphu, UCF stated, "It is nothing but an attempt to marginalize the tribal people of Karbi Anglong and ultimately drive them out from the hill District like what they have done in Tripura". UCF also alleged that certain organization was working to destabilize the tribal region and forcing into conflict.

January 18

SFs arrested one linkman of NSCN-K militant, identified as Aham Konyak in Sivasagar District. SFs recovered one pistol, two live bullets and a mobile phone with SIM card of Nagaland from the arrestee.

The NIA arrested one ULFA-I militant identified as 'second lieutenant' Gagan Hazarika alias Joydeep Cheleng from Guwahati in Kamrup Metropolitan (Guwahati) District. He was arrested in connection with a case the NIA had registered against ULFA-I in 2013. Sources in NIA said, "He has been taken into custody for six days. His arrest is likely to throw light on the activities of senior ULFA leaders like 'chairman' Mukul Hazarika and 'c-in-c' Paresh Baruah."

January 19

The State Police said that they had beefed up security measures in the entire state to prevent any kind of terrorist activities in the upcoming Republic Day celebration (26th January). Assam is also closely coordinating with Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland in an effort to curb militant attacks in the run-up to Republic Day. DGP of Assam, Mukesh Sahay, has been touring Upper Assam, along with representatives from the two states, since January 18 to review the security scenario.

January 20

Locals caught two KPLT militants at Pubsilputa village under Bakaliaghat Police Station in Karbi Anglong District. According to information, two KPLT cadres were on a bid to extortion drive and reached at SGB Jagnarayan Singh house for extorting money from him. In the mean time the villagers got the information and caught them and handed over them to Bakaliaghat Police. The arrested KPLT cadres have been identified as Rabindra Tokbi (23) and Jiten Phangcho (24).

January 21

Seven organizations jointly called for a 12-hour bandh (strike) in Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council Districts, on January 24, from 5 a.m. in protest against their unfulfilled demands including a separate electoral roll by the KAAC election and strengthening of Karbi Customary Laws. The seven organizations include UKSA, KSYA, Karbi Farmers Association (Rajesh Tisso faction), NNKRAA, and PP, KARAA and Sixth Schedule Implementation-Committee.

January 22

Two AR personnel were killed and several others injured when suspected militants attacked an AR vehicle escorting tourists in Tinsukia District. Militants lobbed several grenades targeting the vehicle at Jagun 12th Mile Barabasti on NH-315 bordering the District in the run up to Republic Day, a defence spokesman said. The AR vehicle and three vehicles of tourists returning from the Pangsau festival have been damaged in grenade explosions, the spokesman added. The Pangsau Festival is held along the Indo-Myanmar border in the area.

SFs killed two unidentified militants involved in the ambush which claimed the lives of two AR troopers at 12th Mile Barabasti along NH-315 near Jagun village in Tinsukia District. Defence PRO, Lieutenant Colonel Suneet Newton, said that bodies of two militants had been recovered along with five IEDs, two grenades, a G3 rifle, a pistol and fired cases of nine lathode. The ambush was jointly claimed by militant conglomerates namely UNLFW and CorCom under 'Operation Barak'.

SFs arrested three militant of NDFB-IKS, identified as Dakaru Mushahary, Kapilau Basunatary and Birjay Mushahary from Taisoguri under Runikhata Police Station in Chirang District. A 7.65 mm pistol, two magazines, a country made pistol, two grenades and four round ammunitions were recovered from the arrested militants.

During combing operation by the SFs, an IED exploded at Wara Basti area of Tinsukia District. The report further states that militants had placed landmines in the approach road to Wara Basti, the site of January 22 ambush, slowing the approach of SFs.

January 23

Three live IED were recovered by the SFs from Wara Basti area of Tinsukia District where the January 22 ambush claimed the lives of two AR troopers and two unidentified militants.

In a joint statement, the CorCom, GNLA, HNLC and the ULFA-I called for a 'total shut down' in the entire North East India on Indian Republic day (26th January). In the joint statement issued by the militant groups asserted that the 'WESEA' should 'collectively boycott' the Indian Republic Day on January 26, 2017.

According to a source in State Police, arrested former Chairman of the APSC, Rakesh Paul had been funding ULFA-I and GNLA militant in the last few years. According to the source he paid nearly INR 1 crore to each of the militant groups in the last few years.

Four militant groups, including NDFB-IKS, KLO, PDCK and NLFT, in a joint statement, called 24 hours 'total shut down' on the Republic Day of India (26th January) in the entire North East India. They asked the people of 'WESEA' to 'boycott' the Republic Day celebration in their statement.

January 24

Police arrested one linkman of NDFB militant, identified as Chabin Boro (28) from Bagrikhuti village under Tamulpur Police Station in Baksa District. According to the Police, he was involved in several extortion cases in the name of NDFB.

Paresh Baruah, the 'c-in-c' of the ULFA-I militant, made a statement threatening the theater owners of the State accusing discrimination against a regional film. The director of the film Himanghshu Prasad Das made an appeal in an open letter to the militant leader on Facebook after several theatre owners decided to remove his movie- 'Shakira Ahibo Bakultolor Bihuloi' on January 25. In response to his letter, the militant leader threatened the theatre owners to continue regional films instead of Hindi movies.

January 25

Police recovered four crude bombs from Bongaigaon District. SP (Bongaigaon) Hridayjit Barman said the bombs were found hidden under a haystack at Bhoralkundi village, about 5 kilometres from Jogighopa Police Station. He said the search was conducted based on intelligence inputs. The bombs were packed inside polythene bags and it is suspected that militants may have kept them there to carry out blasts on Republic Day (January 26).

January 26

All total seven bombs were exploded by ULFA-I militant, during the day of celebration of India's Republic Day (January 26) in different places of Sivasagar, Charideo, Tinsukia and Dibrugarh Districts. However no casualties were reported. According to the Police sources low intensity IED were used in the blasts. According to the sources, in Sibsagar District the blast took place in Majpani area and in Tinsukia District two blasts took place at Sisimi village and Sukan pukhuri area. While, in Charaideo District bomb exploded in Angera, Lengeribor and Bihubor area and in Dibrugarh District one explosion took place in Chowkidinghee area.

ULFA-I militant, claimed responsibility for the seven bomb blasts that took place in Assam on the Republic Day of India (January 26), terming it as 'symbolic protest'.

January 27

A Police source said that in the Republic Day (January 26) serial blast, the ULFA-I militant used local people for planting bombs instead of their regular militant cadres. The Police source also claimed that they had already identified some of these people.

January 28

SF arrested one NDFB-IKS militant, identified as Rahul Daimari (26) alias Mulungsa alias D Riwiriwa from Khoirabari area in Udalguri District. One 7.65mm pistol, 5 rounds of live ammunition and two magazines were also recovered from the arrested militant.

February 30

The State Government decided to withhold counter insurgency operations by the SFs against the KPLT till April 20 this year (2017). The KPLT declared unilateral ceasefire for a period of six months with effect from October 20, 2016 till April 20, 2017, which they communicated through a letter signed by the militant group's 'general secretary' Vojaru Hanjang. The militant group also expressed its desire to come to the mainstream in the interest of restoring peace and development in Karbi Anglong Districts. The State Government decided to withhold operations against KPLT as a 'good gesture' to the militant group's peace initiative.

February 2

Assam Police registered a suo moto case of sedition against the filmmaker, Himangshu Prasad Das, who had openly sought help from 'leader' of the ULFA-I, Paresh Barua, to ask film distributors not to take his film (Shakira Ahibo Bokultolor Bihuloi) off screens to make way for the Hindi movies 'Raees' and 'Kaabil' last week. Police said that it was a very serious crime and they were waiting for an individual or organisation to file a FIR, but when that did not happen, they chose to take up the suo moto case.

February 3

SFs arrested a linkman of the ULFA-I, identified as Bubul Das alias Bubul Barman, at Sarupathar in Golaghat District. According to Police sources, the ULFA-I had appointed some persons for abduction and extortion and the arrested linkman was one of them.

In a statement, the PDCK militant strongly opposed the move of the Government of India to give citizenship rights to the Hindu Bangladeshis in Assam and said that the organization would resist the move.

AR arrested two senior leaders and a suspected militant of the UDLA at inter-State boundary of Assam and Mizoram. The arrested militants were identified as UDLA's 'army chief' Raj Kumar Reang, 'financial secretary' Neta Rai Reang and the suspected cadre Mela Rai Reang. The arrested militants were handed over to the Assam Police as they were arrested within the jurisdiction of Assam.

February 4

According to the security sources, Assam is a vulnerable place in the North East for the increasing Jihadi threat. Potential risk according to the sources includes existence of sleeper cells in the State. The source also said that in recent promotional videos, jihadi groups mentioned about the ethnic cleansing of Muslims in BTAD area for several times. Sources also pointed out that growing presence of the jihadi elements in Bangladesh like JMB, which has affiliation with Islamic State is also a serious matter of concern for India, particularly for the Northeast.

In some declassified reports of CIA of the United States of America, it was revealed that the North Eastern militant groups had been receiving Chinese assistance in terms of arms and training since 1960s. The CIA report was submitted on July 26, 1968 and from the report it is evident that the militant groups of the Northeast were receiving help from China even during that time. The report said that the Naga militants first established contacts with China in December, 1966. The report revealed that the first batch of approximately 200 militants crossed over to Northern Burma (now Myanmar) to obtain arms training in Yunnan.

February 5

DGP of Assam, Mukesh Sahay, said that the peace talk with KPLT militant would be started soon. Earlier on January 30, the Assam Government announced to withhold counter-insurgency operations against KPLT till April 20. This followed the declaration of a six-month unilateral ceasefire from October 20, 2016, by the KPLT.

SFs recovered a 7.56 mm pistol, one magazine, three live rounds and two hand-made grenades from the residence of Emdadul Haque at Dhupaguri area under Dhing Police Station in Nagaon District. Emdadul Haque was detained by the SFs after the recovery.

February 6

Police arrested six militants of ATF at Dharamtul, near Bishnu Mandir in Morigaon District. The arrested militants were identified as 'Nagaon district commander' Milan Bhuyan, Bihu Kurung, CR Mangyang, Rajen Garh, Ajoy Singh Ghatowar and Rasraj Biswash. Police recovered six 7 .65 mm pistols, 96 live rounds, 6 cartridges, 10 mobile handsets, ATM card, PAN Card, cash INR 5,000 and lots of objectionable materials from the possession of the arrested militants. According to the Police, the ATF has links with Maoists groups and the Maoists are assisting the force with money and sophisticated arms.

State Water Resources Minister Keshav Mahanta informed the Assembly that the Union Government is examining the feasibility of sealing the unfenced portion of Indo-Bangladesh border, comprising riverine and char areas, in the State by using 'high tech physical and non-physical barrier' technology. "Out of the total length of 280.06 kilometers of Indo-Bangladesh border in Assam, fencing work for 208.65 kilometers has been completed," the Mahanta informed the Assembly. Mahanta further said that out of 71.41 kilometers unfenced area, 6.5 kilometers is land area and the rest is a composition of riverine / char (river isles) / bridge and culverts. Out of the unfenced land area border, 3.5 km is under Karimganj Town area and discussion is going on in between BSF and BBG. The settlement of disputes and land acquisition process for the remaining 3 kilometers area, also under Karimganj District, is going on. Bridges and culverts account for 3.696 kilometers along the unfenced border. "For the riverine and char area, feasibility study and examination is going on to seal these areas using 'high tech physical and non-physical barrier' technology by the Government of India," the Minister informed the House. Flood lighting works had already been completed along the border and work was in progress for electricity service connection to the installed lights, the State Water Resources Minister Keshav Mahanta added.

A non-political organisation, BJSM opposed the move of the BTC authority for providing 500 acres of land to the members of the ULFA-PTF in BTC area. The issue of land allotment came during a meeting held recently in Kokrajhar, between the leaders of ULFA-PTF led by Anup Chetia and the BTC Chief for uniting the ULFA-PTF cadres in BTAD.

February 7

The 'c-in-c' Jharu Lohar alias Horen Karmakar of the NSCA militant surrendered before Police in Sonitpur District. The militant also deposited one 9mm pistol, two magazines and large number of ammunition. According to the Police, the militant was accused in the murder case of ACMS Secretary Niranjan Patra at Koliabor, killing of the accountant of Singlijan Tea estate in Dibrugarh, killings at Khatkhati in Karbi Anglong District and abduction cases in past years.

SFs recovered one .22 mm pistol, five rounds live bullets and one IED from the residence of Ali Akbar at Tuktuki under Dhing Police Station in Nagaon District.

February 9

Unidentified militants gunned down two civilians, Bakul Rabha(40) and Saru (35), at Chengapara village under Kolaigaon Police Station in Udalguri District. Militants also set ablaze the hut of the deceased couple. The Police Personnel who reached the spot after being informed by local residents found the charred bodies of the deceased couple along with 25 rounds of empty bullets. "Since we found bullets, we are certain about the involvement of militants in the incident but we are yet to pinpoint the group. Both ULFA-I and NDFB-IKS are active in the area and we are trying to identify the assailants," a Police official in Udalguri said. Villagers told the Police that the couple could have been killed as they were suspected to be informers of SFs.

February 10

SFs arrested one NSCN-IM militant, identified as Nokme Hakun at Pahar village under Margherita Police Station in Tinsukia District.

February 11

SFs arrested a militant belonging to ULFA-I, identified as Pranjal Nath alias Sailendra Asom alias Protim Asom, at Jelehua Gaon under Dergaon Police Station in Golaghat District. According to the sources, the militant joined ULFA-I in 2011 and he had undergone training in Myanmar.

February 13 Indian Army arrested a linkman of ULFA-I militant, identified as Netra Bania (53), from Haufau area under Borhat Police Station in Charaidew District. The arrestee is a small tea grower in the village and according to the Army he had been keeping relation with ULFA-I for a long time and he was involved in collecting money from businessmen.
February 14

SFs arrested another cadre of an unspecific militant group, identified as Ramanuse Dhan (31) at Binaypur village in Golaghat District. SFs also recovered one 7.65 auto pistol (made in Italy), one magazine and four live ammunition from the arrestee.

Suspected militants of NSCN-R from neighboring State of Nagaland entered into and issued 'demand notes' (extortion notes) to villagers, along the Assam-Nagaland interstate boundary, in Jorhat District. According to the report, at least 16 people, mostly cultivators, got the demand notes ranged from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000. Two villagers, identified as Benu Orang and Joydhan Mirdha, were assaulted by Naga assailants. However, Jorhat SP Prasanta Bhuyan said that a team from District administration held a meeting with the village council of the adjacent Naga village on the other side of the boundary. "They have assured to nab the culprits. In fact, we were informed that two of the four persons who distributed the notes have been caught by the Naga village people," he also added.

Suspected militants of NSCN-R from neighboring State of Nagaland entered into and issued 'demand notes' (extortion notes) to villagers, along the Assam-Nagaland interstate boundary, in Jorhat District. According to the report, at least 16 people, mostly cultivators, got the demand notes ranged from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000. Two villagers, identified as Benu Orang and Joydhan Mirdha, were assaulted by Naga assailants. However, Jorhat SP Prasanta Bhuyan said that a team from District administration held a meeting with the village council of the adjacent Naga village on the other side of the boundary. "They have assured to nab the culprits. In fact, we were informed that two of the four persons who distributed the notes have been caught by the Naga village people," he also added.

Currently, the Union government is engaged in peace talks with various insurgent groups of the Northeast and talks are continuing with the ULFA-PTF, NDFB-P, NDFB-RD, KLNLF- all from Assam, while the NSCN-IM, NSCN-KN and NSCN-R of Nagaland are under ceasefire agreements.

A total of 23 underground outfits of Manipur, consisting two conglomerates - the UPF and KNO are currently under SoO agreement with the Union Government. Three valley-based underground outfits of Manipur - the URF, KCP-L and KYKL-MDF have signed MoU with the Union Government.

The Union Government has informed that pursuant to the policy of talks, various insurgent outfits, including the UPDS, DHD of Assam and ANVC and ANVC-B of Meghalaya have signed memorandum of settlement with the Government and dissolved themselves. As a result, a number of members of insurgent outfits have surrendered after laying down arms and joined the mainstream of society.

February 15

SFs arrested one militant of NDFB-IKS, identified as Khamin Swargiary alias S. Khasia, in Udalguri District. A .22 mm pistol, one magazine, and other ammunition were recovered from the arrested militant. According to the SFs the militant was trained in the militant camps of Bangladesh.

SFs arrested one unidentified militant of ULFA-I at Tengakhat in Dibrugarh District. According to the SFs he was involved in the blast in Dibrugarh''s Convoy Road on the Republic Day (January 26). SFs also recovered one motorcycle with two different registration numbers from his possession.

SFs released photographs and names of four suspected militants who were involved in the killing of a couple, named Bakul Rabha alias Teckhon (35) and his wife Saru Rabha alias Malika Deka (25) in Chengapara village in Udalguri on February 10. The four suspected militants are identified as Rajan Deka, Tilak Boro, Ramesh Bora and Biswajit Deka.

SFs arrested one ULFA-I cadre, identified as Anuj Konwar alias Konwar Asom from Tengakhat in Dibrugarh District.

February 16

In a statement issued, BPCC-A-N appealed to public on either sides of the border to avoid all such affairs that could affect peace coordination on Assam-Nagaland border and likely to deteriorate age-old good relations of Assam and Nagaland. The appeal comes in the wake of an incident of assault and extortion demand that reportedly took place near Hoolungooree Tea Estate on Assam side of the Nagaland border in Jorhat District.

February 17

SFs arrested a NDFB militant, Raja Basumatary, when he came to collect extortion money worth INR 2 million from the office of a private cement company at Dispur in Kamrup (metro) District.

RPF personals recovered 19 live ammunition of 7.62mm caliber in an unclaimed bag on a general coach of Katra-Kamakhya Express on platform number 2 at Kamakhya Railway Station of Guwahati in Kamrup (metro) District.

February 18

Acting on information, the 156th Battalion of CRPF and in association with District Police, recovered a large cache of explosives from a bus at Dahalapara area under Bijni Police Station in Chirang District. Shankarbrata Rai Medhi, Chirang SP, said that about 21 gelatin sticks, 20 detonators along with 12 extortion letters of NDFB -IKS were recovered during mobile checking. "We interrogated all the passengers of the bus but nobody has been found suspicious to be arrested. We will continue our interrogation and hope we will get a result soon," he said. All the materials recovered have been seized by police. On the backside of an extortion letter, it was written that the explosives had to be handed over to some Baburam Gayari.

SULFA Samittee has stated that its members will hit the streets in Dispur, demanding the arrest of the lawyers who had assaulted Ajay Kumar Phukan, a judge of FT in Goalpara District. A group of lawyers assaulted Ajay Kumar Phukan on February 15 after an adverse opinion against their clients.

February 19

The State Home Department is preparing a 'special report' on the status of the FT in the State to be sent to the UMHA. The report would also detail about what led to the recent incident of assault on a Judge of FT by lawyers at Goalpara. A team of Home Department has been entrusted with the job of preparing the report, which is expected to be sent to the UMHA within this week.

Acting on input provided by an arrested ULFA-I militant, Anuj Konwar alias Konwar Asom, SFs recovered a high-power grenade from Khanikar Tea Estate in Dibrugarh District.

SFs arrested a suspected linkman of NSCN-IM at Maibela of Sonari in Charaideo District.

SFs recovered a 9-mm pistol from a paddy field at Bhalukoni Gaon under Kakotibari Police Station in Charaidew District.

February 20

A Government official source said that on the basis of a confession made by arrested ULFA-I cadre Gagan Hazarika alias Joydeep Cheleng, the NIA had confirmed about the proper identity of the 'chairman' of ULFA-I. According to the NIA, the real name of the 'chairman' Abhijit Asom is Mukul Hazarika and he is a doctor at Billingham town in Durham of UK. The source said that apart from being a practising doctor in the UK, Hazarika was associated with the UK-based human rights group, Assam Watch, which used to raise alleged incidents of human rights violation by SFs in the State. The Assam Watch is an alleged front of ULFA, which had arranged the travel of then ULFA 'chairman' Arabinda Rajkhowa and 'general secretary' Anup Chetia to Geneva to attend a meeting of the UN Sub-Commission's Working Group on Indigenous People in July 1997. The source further said that the NIA would soon move the court for issuing an arrest warrant against Dr Hazarika as a prelude to requesting the UK for his extradition.

February 22

The State Government has started the process of raising a strong second line of defence to work behind the BSF along the International Border with Bangladesh to check infiltration of foreigners to the State. Meanwhile, more than 800 chars (mid-channel bars on the river Brahmaputra) have been surveyed by Police and the process to carry out such surveys in the other chars is on. Sources in the State Home Department told the newspaper that the first step towards a strong second line defence would be to create posts of SP-Border in the Districts having international border with Bangladesh. The process of creation of the posts has started.

The ANC cut short its 12-hour rail blockade at Kokrajhar and Udalguri Railway stations by nearly five-and-a-half hours after submitting a memorandum addressed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal through the Kokrajhar Deputy Commissioner. ANC's demands included inclusion of Adivasis (Santhal, Oraons, Kharia, Munda, Gonds, Sawras, Kishan, Lohras, Kol, Bhils, Porjas, Bedias, Mirdhas and the like) in Scheduled Tribes list, political solution to the issues of Adivasi militant groups that have entered into a truce with the Government, rehabilitation and allotment of land and land documents to the Adivasi and tea garden workers who had been evicted. "We will launch a 100-hour blockade of national highways from March 22 if we don't get any response from the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister regarding our demands," ANC 'general secretary' Birsing Munda said.

February 24

Police arrested an agent of a suspected Islamic radical groups identified as Alamgir Hussain, from an unidentified area. The suspect came under Police scanner after he bought properties worth crores at Badarpur town in Karimganj District. He visited Singapore frequently on a Bangladeshi passport between 2001 and 2013. "We have taken him into seven-day custody. We have doubts on his source of income going by the wealth he has amassed within a short period of time. He could be a member of some Islamic radical group. We will get all the facts only after a thorough investigation," said SP of Karimganj PR Kar.

February 25

Suspected ULFA-I militants fired inside the bungalow of a Dipankar Buragohain ,tea garden manager of Disam tea estate in Naharkatia of Dibrugarh District. Militants opened fire after the manager refused to pay the extortion money amounting to INR 600,000, as contribution for ULFA-I.

February 27

According to data given by State Government, 13 illegal migrants were deported from the state till October 2016. This was preceded by the deportation of a single illegal migrant through whole of 2015. Previously in 2014, total 24 migrants were deported. According to the data on deportation of illegal migrants from the state tabled in the Assembly, 29,712 migrants were deported between 1985 and October last year, with the 2015 figures being the lowest during this period. Notably, the highest number of illegal migrants deported was 3,228 (in 1988).

February 28

The Central Government of India clarified that it has not signed any final accord with the NSCN-IM though a framework agreement has been sealed. The issue figured at a meeting of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on UMHA, which was chaired by former Home Minister P Chidambaram. Officials of the Home Ministry, briefing the members of the Committee, gave a broad account of the framework agreement, which has been kept under tight wraps. The 'Framework Agreement' between the Centre and the NSCN-IM was signed on August 3, 2015. Home Ministry officials explained that a final accord has not been signed as the Centre proposed to take along all Naga groups and the concerned State Governments of Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

As many as nine Districts of the State are now Muslim majority, State Planning and Development minister Himanta Biswa Sarma informed the Assembly. As per 2011 census, Dhubri District has 79.67%, Barpeta District has 70.74%, Darrang District has 64.34%, Hailakandi District has 60.31%, Goalpara District has 57.52%, Karimganj District has 56.36%, Nagaon District has 55.36%, Morigaon District has 52.56% and Bongaigaon District has 50.22% people of Islamic faith.

SFs recovered one 7.65 mm pistol and three live ammunitions from Patradisa area in Karbi Anglong District. SFs also arrested five persons in connection with the recovery.

Red Horns Division of Indian Army launched a 'large scale operation' in the areas of East Karbi Anglong District on the basis of intelligence inputs about movement of armed militants of KLF. According to the report, the army is also keeping a strict vigil and maintaining a robust area domination and counter-terrorism posture in the disturbed areas of Upper Assam and East Arunachal Pradesh amidst regular inputs of terrorist groups trying to make their presence felt in the area and also seeking opportunities to cause attrition to the SFs.

March 1

SFs, after an encounter, arrested one militant 'leader' of NDFB-IKS from an unspecified area along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh boundary, of Sonitpur District. The militant leader was identified as Badaisa Basumatary. SFs also recovered a pistol, several rounds live ammunition and other warlike stores from the arrestee.

March 2

An overground cadre of ULFA-I, identified as Amulya Gogoi, was arrested by Police from Duliajan town in Dibrugarh District. The arrestee was involved in extortions on behalf of the militant group.

Three Bangladeshi assailants, who were involved in the attack on three persons, a woman and her two daughters on March 1, at Jarapata village in Karimganj District were arrested by the BGB and Bangladeshi Police and subsequently handed over to the BSF. The arrested Bangladeshi nationals were identified as Numan Uddin Aajmal, Jabir Ahmed, and Sahab Uddin. Jarapata hamlet is located on no man's land on the Indian side (between zero point of India-Bangladesh border and the Indian border fence). India has erected the border fence 150 yards from zero point. However, in some places the no man's land stretches beyond 150 yards, as a result of which many Indian villages have fallen on the other side of the fence.

March 5

Indian Army troopers recovered an IED from a paddy field of Dubluhabi area of Charaipung forest division in Charaidew District. Army arrested one suspected person, identified as Ghanakanta Gogoi in this connection. According to the Army the arrested person was secretly working for the ULFA-I.

March 6

State Government said that it has instructed all SPs to remain alert and tighten security at all sensitive places in view of the possibility of ISIS recruiting youths from the State. Replying to a discussion during the zero hour in the assembly, Assam Parliamentary Affairs Minister Chandra Mohan Patowary said all the SPs have been ordered to keep a strict vigil and maintain a close watch on doubtful people. "We have also ordered to strengthen security along Indo-Bangla border and secure the river ways. Police have been strictly asked to maintain close coordination with various intelligence agencies," he also said.

Besides, security and other agencies have been keeping a close watch on social media as these can be tools of influencing youths for joining the global terror outfit, he added. The minister informed the house that two trained members of JMB were nabbed from Nalbari District. Assam Police, he said, has so far arrested 56 JMB extremists after the Burdwan blast in West Bengal in 2014. "Apart from them 10-12 JMB members are absconding at present," Patowary added without elaborating.

Besides, security and other agencies have been keeping a close watch on social media as these can be tools of influencing youths for joining the global terror outfit, he added. The minister informed the house that two trained members of JMB were nabbed from Nalbari District. Assam Police, he said, has so far arrested 56 JMB extremists after the Burdwan blast in West Bengal in 2014. "Apart from them 10-12 JMB members are absconding at present," Patowary added without elaborating.

Police recovered a 7.65 mm pistol from a person, identified as Michael Bhanglaluth (27) at Fulertal in Cachar District.

March 7

A tense situation continued for the second day at Silapathar in Dhemaji District even as the Indian Army staged a flag march after activists of NBBUSS ransacked the office of the AASU on March 6 demanding Indian citizenship for Hindu Bengalis who came to Assam from Bangladesh after 1971.

Cutting across party lines, members of Assam Assembly 'vehemently condemned' the incident of attack on the AASU office at Silapathar by NBBUSS, demanding stern action against such divisive forces even as the State Government constituted a high-level inquiry to hunt down the culprits behind the incident. So far nine persons suspected to have been involved in the incident have been arrested. The Police prepared a list of about 20 persons suspected of involvement in the incident. The State Police also declared Subudh Biswas, the 'president' of NBBUSS, as an absconder and alerted all Police Stations across the State to hunt and arrest him.

Some unidentified miscreants set ablaze Mandal Hotel situated at Silapathar Namsuk area in Dhemaji District.

After a discussion with Golaghat DC and SP, CJCS [a student organistaion of Chutiya community] and six other organisations of 'indigenous people' withdrew their call for a bandh (shutdown) in the District for indefinite period.

March 8

Tension prevailed on the third day at Silapathar and its adjoining area with shops and business establishment remained closed over the issue of vandalism incident of March 6. Army, Police and CAPF carried out a flag march at Silapathar. Police have arrested 14 persons in this connection.

Over 10,000 people participated in a protest rally, led by activists of AASU along with 21 other local ethnic organisations, against Silapathar incident, in Dhemaji. The rally was in protest against the vandalism of AASU local office by the activists of NBBUSS [a group which is demanding citizenship for Hindu Bangladeshis and removal of their names from D-voter category] at Silapather on March 6.

The Special Director General of Police (DGP-law and order), Kula Saikia assured that all possible precautionary measures have been taken to prevent any conflict between linguistic groups following the Silapathar incident, which caused widespread repercussion all over the State. DGP Saikia said that instructions have been issued to all the district Police forces to keep close watch on the situation and to improve the intelligence network. The District Police forces have been directed to identify the vulnerable areas and increase Police and security presence in such areas. Police officers are asked to hold talks to people of different groups to ensure that peace and harmony is maintained between all sections of people.

March 9

Assam Police sounded an alert across the State to prevent violence following the attack on the office of AASU in Dhemaji District and set up a SIT to investigate the incident. Assam Police also announced a reward of INR 1, 00,000 for information about Subodh Biswas, the key accused in the attack on the AASU office.

Assam Police sounded an alert across the State to prevent violence following the attack on the office of AASU in Dhemaji District and set up a SIT to investigate the incident. Assam Police also announced a reward of INR 1, 00,000 for information about Subodh Biswas, the key accused in the attack on the AASU office.

Reacting to the Silapathar incident, NDFB-S blamed the State Government for the whole incident and threatened that the outfit will not tolerate on the destructive policy of the Government to annihilate the 'indigenous people' of the State by giving soft heart to the illegal immigrants on the pretext of their political gain.

March 10

The Dhemaji District administration has clamped indefinite curfew in Silapathar after six shops were set ablaze by unknown persons in the heart of the town. Miscreants also had set ablaze three houses at Sengajan and Majarbari in Simen Chapori despite the night curfew. When asked about the duration of their 'ban' on shops owned by Bengalis, the 'general secretary' of AASU's Dhemaji District unit, Krishna Ranjan Chutia, said that they would discuss the issue. Also, the AAJYS has called a 12-hour Dhemaji District bandh (shutdown) starting from 5 am on March 11. This bandh will take the number of days affected due to similar bandh in Silapathar to five. The situation has remained tense ever since the NIBBUSS activists allegedly vandalized the AASU office at Silapathar on March 6. On that day, NIBBUSS had organised a meeting which was later followed a procession seeking removal of names of Bengali Hindus from the D-voters list.

Police arrested a NDFB-IKS militant, in connection to the abducting Ranjit Dutta (of Kokrajhar District), at Duttapur area under Runikhata Police Station of Chirang District. The arrested militant was identified as Mitichar Mushahary.

An indefinite hunger strike staged by ABSU and its allied organizations- PJACBM and the - NDFB-PTF, demanding early solution to the demand for creation of 'Bodoland State' and ensure political rights of the Bodos living outside the proposed 'Bodoland' area got underway in Kokrajhar Town.

March 11

The ground situation in several parts of Dhemaji District still remains tense, even six days after the vandalism of Silapathar situated AASU office by NIBBUSS activists on March 6. Indefinite curfew imposed by the District administration is still in place. On that day, NIBBUSS had organised a meeting which was later followed a procession seeking removal of names of Bengali Hindus from the Doubtful-voters (D-voters) list.

The 12-hour Dhemaji bandh (shutdown-from 5 am to 5 pm) called by the Dhemaji District unit of AJYCS in protest against the vandalism and reportedly raising anti-Assamese slogans by NIBBUSS activists on March 6th passed off peacefully with some stray incident of motor tyres burning. AJYCS workers showed protest by burning motor tyres on the NH at Sissiborgaon, 15 km away from Dhemaji town. Normal life in Dhemaji was badly hit during the bandh as all shops, business establishments and financial institutions, including educational institutions at Dhemaji town and its adjacent areas remained closed during the bandh.

A joint forum of several organizations in Golaghat District had called a 12-hour Golaghat bandh (shutdown) protesting against the Silapathar incident passed off peacefully. All business establishments, Government and non-Government offices remained closed during the bandh.

SFs recovered explosives from a shop at Goraimari in the Barpeta District. SFs recovered five explosives, each weighing approximately 500 grams, which were wound with rope and shrapnel and further packed with red tape. Another plastic bag with 'white powder' was also recovered, which was suspected to be potassium nitrate, a substance used to make explosives. One unidentified person was arrested in this connection so far.

March 12

One NDFB-IKS militant, identified as Agostin Mushahari (30), was arrested by Indian Army in Udalguri District. Sixteen live rounds of ammunition of 5. 56 mm AK 47, four mobile phones, a contact book and weapon repairing materials were also recovered from the militant.

State Police ordered a precautionary ban on the NBBUSS following acts of violence in Silapathar. The order means that NBBUSS will not be allowed to conduct any public meeting or activities.

March 13

SFs busted an extortion racket of the NSCN-K and arrested two militants of the outfit, identified as Belin Lego and Dibya Koch and a link woman, identified as Moina Basumatary from the Kalapani Chapori area along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border under Sadiya Police Station in Tinsukia District. One AK- 47 rifle, 19 live ammunitions, one fired case, 14 rounds of. 22mm weapon, eight cell phones and SIM cards were also recovered from the arrested militants.

The State Police arrested Binoy Biswas (55), one of the main accused who executed the March 6 vandalism incident at Silapathar in Dhemaji District, from Kakobari Dharmapur village in Dhemaji District. He is the 'national organising secretary' of NIBBUS. With the arrest, the total number of persons arrested in connection with the Silapathar incident has gone up to 43. The Dhemaji District administration also relaxed the curfew for four hours.

On the fourth day of their hunger strike to press for a separate Bodoland State, the hunger strikers said that they would not accept any medical aid until a formal assurance for a comprehensive political dialogue is given. The ABSU, NDFB-P and the PJACBM are together holding the indefinite hunger strike at Kokrajhar Government Higher Secondary & MP School playground.

SFs arrested one CPI- Maoist militant, identified as Tapan Mahatta (33) alias Prabhat alias Prakash Kurmi alias Ranjit from the ASTC bus stand in Tinsukia District during checking. Two SIMs and a mobile phone were also recovered from him.

March 14

SFs arrested one suspected CPI-Maoist, identified as Malu Sethi, from Paharpur village near Lekhapani in Tinsukia District. Two guns, 3kg of explosives, a detonator, 20m of wire, 500gm of nails, switches and a mobile phone were recovered from the arrested militant.

The ABSU, NDFB-P and PJACBM decided to end the indefinite hunger strike that began from March 10 after the Government assured to hold talks on Bodo issues before April 14.

The Dhemaji District administration lifted day curfew in Silapathar town, even as it decided to continue with the night curfew. The curfew was imposed after the widespread violence when activists of the NIBBUS ransacked the office of the local AASU unit following a rally by the lesser known organisation on March 6. Police has arrested 46 persons since the March 6 clash between NIBBUSS activists and AASU members.

March 15

The NIA filed the first supplementary chargesheet in the special NIA court in Guwahati against Rabi Basumatary, a suspected cadre of NDFB-IKS, for his alleged involvement in the killing of seven people at Balapara village in Kokrajhar District on May 1, 2014. SFs arrested two unidentified militants of NSCN-K from Ligiripukhori area of Sivasagar District.

March 16

The ULFA-I, in a joint statement issued by its 'chairman' Abhizeet Asom, and 'c-in-c' Paresh Asom, hinted that it will continue 'joint operations' with the CorCom, an umbrella body of Manipur-based militant groups, against security forces of India. Last year, both the militant formations have carried out coordinated attacks on Security Forces under 'operation Barak'. The statement was issued on the occasion of ULFA-I's 'army day' on March 16.

The Dhemaji District administration announced lifting of night curfew at Silapathar town which was imposed after the vandalism incident of AASU office by the NIBBUSS in Silapathar and the subsequent violence. Further, another accused of the vandalism incident, the NIBBUSS's Dhemaji District unit 'vice-president' Sadhan Biswas (35) was also arrested from his residence at Number 2 Kashinath Chapori Mishing Gaon near Majarbari under Silapathar Police Station, taking the total arrestees to 49.

Members of CRPC, Assam, an organisation of Barak valley, have expressed their shock and anguish at the manner in which the government and its machinery are handling the case of the untoward incident that took place at Silapathar on March 6, till date. The organisation also demanded a high level impartial enquiry of the incident.

CM Sarbananda Sonowal appealed all the militant groups of the State for peace talks and said his Government wants to rid the state of the militancy, the illegal foreigners and the corruption.

March 17

The officials of BSF recovered FICN of new denomination worth INR 440,000 near the fence of Kushnimari border outpost in Dhubri District. They recovered the FICN in a packet containing 220 pieces of INR 2000 notes. However, the security personnel could not arrest anyone as they saw the bag being thrown from the Bangladesh side. The packet has been submitted to the authority.

The AASU and 28 other indigenous organisations demanded ban on the NIBBUS in Assam and arrest its leader Subodh Biswas along with his aide Sahadeb Das, who were involved in the vandalism of the AASU office in Silapathar on March 6.

March 18

In the 127th session of the KAAC Budget, a resolution for granting of an autonomous State by the Centre was adopted. Soon after the passing of the Council budget, the KAAC Chairman Bidyasing Tokbi gave time for discussion on the adoption of the resolution regarding demand for granting of Autonomous State as per Article 244(A) by the Central Government of India for the hill districts of Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao. This was the third time that a resolution regarding Autonomous State issue was adopted. The CEM while referring to the signing of MoU between the then ASDC and Central government in 1995 and later the signing of MoS between the disbanded armed organisation UPDS and Central Government for granting of Statehood for the hill districts of Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao, said it was signed by the leaders of the hill districts, but the Central as well as State Governments have not been serious enough in resolving the matter.

March 20

An Indian Army source reveals that the ULFA-I, which suffered severe setbacks due to sustained operations, was forced to allow militant outfits from other States to operate in Assam. The source further said that, demonetisation of the old INR 500 and INR 1,000 currency notes also resulted in severe setback to the militant group. Army sources added that as it is not in a position to carry out operations on its own, the ULFA-I was forced to allow militant outfits from Manipur and Nagaland to operate in Assam.

Police have stepped up vigil in Districts bordering Bangladesh following reports of an increase in infiltration by militants. There have been reports that the Bangladesh government has informed the Union home ministry that over 2,000 HuJI and JMB militants had crossed into the Indian side and are hiding in West Bengal, Assam and Tripura.

March 21

William Sangma, the wanted militant leader of Meghalaya, who newly formed a Garo militant group named ARA and his aide identified as Niksrang Sangma were arrested by SFs from Bongaigaon Town in Bongaigaon District.

SFs arrested two ULFA-I militants from Koriapani village at Jagun in Tinsukia District, near Assam-Arunachal inter-State boundary. The arrested militants were identified as Bitu Rajbanshi and Bitul Shimpo, Defence PRO Colonel Chiranjeet Konwer said. A pistol, live ammunition and cash were seized from their possession. "On sustained interrogation, the duo admitted to their allegiance to ULFA-I. Rajbanshi further revealed that he had undergone training at Kachin training camp in Myanmar," the officer said.

March 22

SFs arrested NDFB cadre Debojit Basumatary from Tirap colliery, under Margherita subdivision in Tinsukia District.

The NIBBUS ‘president’ Subodh Biswas was arrested along with one of his close accomplices Subhas Biswas from a remote village in North 24 Parganas District. Both the accused were brought to Guwahati later in the evening by air. Police arrested the duo for their role in allegedly inciting a mob to attack and vandalize the AASU office in Silapathar town of Dhemaji District in Assam. NIBBUS claims to be spearheading the movement across the country for granting citizenship to Hindu Bengalis by amending the Citizenship Act.

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the security situation in the Northeastern States of India and directed officials to enhance vigil along the international borders in the region. During the hour long meeting, the Home Minister was given a detailed presentation on the prevailing situation in the Northeast, especially militancy in the region. Singh was also told about the steps taken to ensure peace, especially in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur, the four states considered to be affected by insurgency, official sources added.

The MoS for Home Affairs clarified that surrendered militants without any criminal cases pending against them can contest in elections. Kiren Rijiju on the issue further informed that at least 15,314 militants have surrendered under the surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy for the northeastern region. Altogether, 235 individuals are still undergoing rehabilitation under the Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation Scheme as of financial year 2016-17.

March 24

AR arrested one militants of NSCN-K, identified as Narang Hakum (34) from Malo Pahar of Ledo in Tinsukia District. One 9 mm pistol and two live rounds of ammunition were recovered from the arrested militant. The militant was involved in extortions.  

Three militants of NSCN-IM, identified as Ato Rengma, Ating Muisao and Hotobi Rengma were arrested by CRPF while conducting a routine check of a passenger vehicle plying to and fro between Dimapur and Golaghat Districts. Nine bullets of 12-bore rifle, many pairs of camouflage outfits and substantial incriminatory documents were also recovered from the militants. In the primary investigation it was revealed that the trio was bound for Jangfai, a remote Rengma Naga village in the hills of Karbi Anglong District. The arrest hint at a possible bid by Naga rebels to establish control in Rengma Naga-dominated areas of Karbi Anglong Hill District of Assam which had earlier in December 2013 witnessed a series of bloody turf battles between the KPLT and RNHPF for territorial control and major share of the extortion pie.

In a statement, the ULFA-I criticised the Assam Government for spending INR 0.14 billion to organise the five-day Namami Brahmaputra Festival, beginning on March 31. In the statement, militant group express its suspicions that organising Namami Brahmaputra on the lines of Namami Gange programme ‘could be a prelude’ to linking the Brahmaputra with the Ganges and it ‘vowed’ to oppose linking of any river of Assam with any river outside the State.

Following the raging controversy over NSCN-IM ‘general secretary’ Thuingaleng Muivah’s sensational declaration on territorial integration of all Naga-inhabited areas in the Northeast on March 21, Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal, clarified that no discussion has taken place with the Central Government of India regarding the demand of Nagalim. Reacting on Muivah’s statement, the AASU ‘president’ Dipanka Kumar Nath and ‘general secretary’ Lurinjyoti Gogoi, in a statement warned that nobody can take one inch of Assam’s land. The AASU also sent a letter seeking clarification on whether the Framework Agreement contains parts of Assam for the proposed Nagalim to PM Narendra Modi and CM Sarbananda Sonowal.

March 25

Police launched massive search operation to arrest Mahendra Gogoi, a suspected linkman of the ULFA-I, who has been serving extortion notes in Majuli Island District for the last several weeks. Majuli Police have announced cash award to anybody who can give specific information about the ULFA linkman who has been collecting money in name of the banned outfit, informed Police sources. However, Police so far recovered several extortion pads and notes and two mobile phones, eight chargers and list of people’s names.

A massive public protests following the sensational declaration of NSCN-IM ‘general secretary’ Th Muivah on the Greater Nagalim issue was registered in Golaghat District. As the District has been suffering a lot of harassment following the boundary dispute over the last few decades, the people of the District have come out to protest the proposed inclusion of the land of the District in Nagalim. The people here have demanded the Centre to make public the Framework Agreement signed between the NSCN-IM and the Central Government of India on August 3, 2015.

The UHM clarified that there was no decision to carve out Nagalim from areas of states bordering Nagaland. The statement comes after demands from several organisations and political parties in Assam and Manipur that the Centre clarify its position on the claim of the ‘general secretary’ of NSCN-IM, Thuingaleng Muivah, over the issue of integration of Naga areas. “Some media reports have appeared recently to the effect that the Government of India has agreed to carve out a larger Nagaland State by taking away the territories of the states contiguous to Nagaland. Such reports are erroneous. It is clarified that there is no such agreement or decision of the Government of India,” said the UHM statement. 

The AATS, during a central executive meeting sought the creation of a separate autonomous council to safeguard members of the Bodo-Kachari tribe living outside the BTAD area.  

March 26

A tensed situation prevailed over disputed land in Nagaland-Assam border (Dimapur and Karbi Anglong District areas) over the allegation of intrusion of Assam Police in Rilan village. The villagers alleged that over 30 armed Assam Police personnel including forest guards had come inside the village and destroyed boundary fences and plantations. They also claimed that while leaving the village Assam Police fired some blank shots in the air. The Nagaland Police reached the place soon after Assam Police left the site.

UHM Rajnath Singh reviewed the security situation in Assam along with CM Sarbananda Sonowal and top officials of both Central and State Governments. During the meeting, Rajnath Singh was briefed about the steps taken to check violence perpetrated by the militants, ongoing process of preparing the NRC and security along the Indo-Bangladesh border, besides other. Singh directed that action should be taken against those who continue to indulge in violence, official sources said. Further, the Minister expressed hope that the work on NRC would be completed at the earliest without anomalies.

March 27

A 24-hour bandh (shutdown) called by the NCHIPF seeking bifurcation of the Dima Hasao District, crippled life across the Hill District. Addressing the media in Haflong, NCHIPF working ‘president’ S Zemi and ‘general secretary’ Vairinsingh Verte said that the bandh has been called seeking bifurcation of the Hill district between the Dimasas and the non-Dimasa ethnic groups.

March 28

The ULFA-I, in an open letter, signed by its ‘chairman’ Abhijeet Asom, reacted on the Dalai Lama’s upcoming 12-days visit to North East India from April 1. In the letter, the militant group expressed their concern that his visit might deteriorate the fragile relationship between India and China which will ultimately bring sufferings to the people of Assam. In the letter, the militant group also mentioned the ‘Nan Zang (southern Tibet)’ or Tawang as an ‘occupied territory’ and appealed to avoid anti-China statements.

A coordination committee of 13 apex bodies of different groups of communities living in Dima Hasao District staged a protest against any move to create 'Nagalim' (greater Nagaland) by carving out a territory from the Hill District of Assam. Nagalim is the purported objective of the NSCN-IM, consisting of all the Naga-inhabited areas of neighboring Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and some portions Myanmar, which it considers to be the rightful homeland of the Nagas.

March 29

BSF troops arrested a suspected Bangladesh National Army militant, Mohammed Raju (30). Raju is a resident of Maijkandi in Jokiganj area of Bangladesh. Police sources said he entered Karimganj illegally through the Gojukata border area. He was handed over to Karimganj Police.

The ‘general secretary’ of the ULFA-PTF militant, Anup Chetia, opposed the proposed bill for granting citizenship to Hindu Bangladeshis in Assam during a meeting at Silchar of Cachar District. He said, “We oppose the decision of the Indian Government to grant citizenship to Hindus from Bangladesh. This is a blatant threat to the demography of the state.” The militant leader further pointed that there are more than 1.5 crore Hindus living in Bangladesh and the Indian Government must start diplomatic talks with its Bangladeshi counterpart.

March 30

Two militants of NDFB-IKS, identified as Lukash Narzary alias Langfa and David Islary, were killed following an exchange of fire with a joint team of Indian Army and Police at Simlagri under Amguri Police Station in Chirang District. One Insas Rifle with 10 rounds of live ammunition, one 7.65 revolver with three rounds of ammunition and one Chinese grenade were recovered from the killed militants. 

The Karbi Anglong District administration held discussions with the leaders of various social organisations and senior citizens at Diphu Circuit House on militant organizations’ ‘quit ultimatum’ served on Bengali and Hindi-speaking communities and how to defy it. Three militant outfits, KLO, NLFT and PDCK had on January 2, 2017 issued ‘quit notice’ against the Bengali and Hindi-speaking communities to leave Kamatapur, Karbi Anglong and Tripura by March 31, 2017. SP Dr GV Siva Prasad assured the oganisations of maintaining law and order in the District. He revealed that Police personnel need to be deployed at some interior hamlets. Meanwhile, he said that required number of armed forces will arrive within 24 hours. He sought the cooperation from all sections of people to prevent untoward incidents.

March 31

The Indian army recovered three live grenades from a grocery shop at Boko in Kamrup (Rural) District. According to the report, an Army team along with a State Police representative launched a search operation at the shop and during the course of the search a lady entered the shop and lobbed a grenade at the army team, which, however, did not explode. On further search, two more UBGL-type grenades were recovered. The owner of the shop along with the lady has been handed over to Boko Police for further interrogation.

April 1

Activists of AASU and 29 other ‘indigenous bodies’ took out a protest rally against granting citizenship to Bangladeshi Hindu migrants and further demanded immediate implementation of the Assam Accord, in Guwahati in Kamrup (metro) District. The protest programme was also supported by a number of other organisations, including Sadou Asom Karmachari Parishad, All Assam Lawyers Association and Central and semi-Central government employee bodies. This apart, Purvottar Marowari Sanmilan, Purvottar Hindustani Sanmilan, Purvottar Marwari Yuba Mancha, Purvottar Hindustani Yuva Samaj and All Assam Bhojpuri Parishad also extended their support to the cause and took part in the demonstration. The protesters, representing all the tribes and communities of the State, unanimously voiced their opposition to granting citizenship to Hindu Bangladeshi migrants, coming to Assam after the cut-off date of 1971, arguing that the proposed amendment in the Act would put a huge burden of illegal migrants on Assam.

April 2

SFs in an encounter killed three militants of the UKDA in Jullian village under Manza Police Station of Karbi Anglong District. Another militant was injured during the encounter. A joint operation was launched by the troops of 15th GR and the Assam Police team led by Karbi Anglong Additional SP at the remote area in Singhasan hills based on intelligence input about the presence of a militant group at the area. One M-16 rifle, one 7.62 mm rifle, two hand grenades and large quantity of live ammunition were also recovered from the killed militants.

In a fresh attempt to nudge Myanmar to launch a flush out operation against the militants of the Northeast, India reduced the allotment to its Aid to Myanmar programme significantly and allocated INR 225 crore only this Year (2017-18). In the previous year, (i.e. in 2016-17) India sanctioned INR 400 crore to Myanmar but the indifferent attitude of Myanmar over the issue of Northeastern militant groups disappointed India and this time India has clearly shown its displeasure over the issue, claims the report.

April 4

One Bangladeshi immigrant, Iraj Ali (son of Isub Ali) who had migrated to Assam after 1971, and was illegally residing in Langia village under Dhing Police Station in Nagaon District was arrested. The arrested person was declared as foreigner by the Nagaon District FT on an unspecified date. After his arrest, Iraj Ali was sent to the Foreigners Detention Camp in Tezpur, the sources added.

Diphu based youth organizations- People for People and United Hills Development Organization have rejected the threat of PDCK to Bengali and Hindi speaking community to leave the Karbi Anglong District. The militant group has earlier warned the Bengali and Hindi speaking community residing in Karbi Anglong to vacate the autonomous District within March 31, 2017 failing which they would face grave circumstance. Addressing a press conference at the office of the Ex. UPDS, the leaders of both the organisations termed PDCK demand as unjustified. There is no necessity of any kind of violence to protect the right of the sixth scheduled tribes of this place as the Constitution of India has made ample provision under sixth schedule to defend the right of the tribal, added the leaders.

One militant of the NSCN-K, identified as Nawang Konyak (38), was arrested by the Indian Army from Namtola area of Assam-Nagaland border in Charaideo District. A Chinese grenade, two bottle bombs, some fuse wires and two mobile phones and many other items were recovered from the arrested militant.

April 5

Authoritative security sources in the Union Home Ministry claimed that China has roped in militant groups of North East to launch a proxy war against India. The source further claimed that the recent statement of ULFA-I, on March 28, against the visit of Dalai Lama in Assam was dictated by China. Also, asserting that China was not interested in organizational strength of ULFA-I, the security sources said that China intends to intensify its proxy war against India in the North East through the separatist groups.

April 6

ULFA-PTF ‘general secretary’ Anup Chetia said that peace talks with ULFA-I, led by Paresh Axom (Baruah), is only possible if the Union Government  comes forward for a dialogue process. However, the leader declined to comment when asked if he has received any indication from Paresh Baruah for the peace talks. The ULFA ‘general secretary’ also expressed concern at the alleged “apathetic attitude” of the Central Government towards the peace talk process with the ULFA-PTF.

April 7

The ULFA-PTF observed their 37th ‘raising day’ of the organisation at Kakopothar designated camp in Tinsukia District. Apart from the ULFA-PTF leaders, AJYCP president Biraj Talukdar, convener of Gana Mukti Sangram Samity Lu Chun Gohain, advocate Nekibur Zaman and several others prominent people attended the meeting. The speakers criticized the Central and State governments on the proposed amendment to the Citizenship Bill. On the other hand, the All Assam Surrendered ULFA Samittee warned of an agitation if its demands were not met. The group, consisting of former undivided ULFA cadres who had surrendered between 1992 and 2014, held a meeting on the occasion of the ‘raising day’ and adopted several resolutions. The members unanimously agreed to press for their demands which include provision of interim relief, monthly stipend, lifting of pending court cases, granting of sovereignty to the State, imposition of inner-line permit and granting of ST status to the six communities of Assam. 

Twenty four Karbi Anglong based tribal organizations have jointly called for a 36 hours Karbi Anglong and West Karbi Anglong District bandh (shutdown) starting from April 10, 5 a.m. till April 11, 5 p.m. The bandh has been called in order to pressurize the KAAC and Assam Government to enact the Representation of Peoples Act 2017, to make Representation of Peoples Act rules 2017 and prepare KAAC’s voters list on the basis of the new act. The organizations have also demanded that the election to the KAAC should be on the basis of the new voters list, which would be prepared by KAAC after amending the old Representation of Peoples Act. The tribal organizations have also filed a PIL (no 9/2017) in the Gauhati High Court against KAAC.

April 9

SFs based on intelligence output, had launched an operation and busted a NDFB-IKS transit camp in the in the thick jungle along Khungkhora Jhora Nala under Rangijhora under Amguri Police Station of Chirang District. During the search, one SLR rifle along with one magazine, 37 rounds live ammunition, one modified carbine with one magazine, three SBBL guns and two grenades were recovered.

April 10

Security sources said that the ULFA-I had started a drive to recruit youths from the upper Assam Districts of Tinsukia and Dibrugarh by engaging linkmen. According to the sources, around 15 youths from the upper Assam Districts have been taken to Myanmar recently for training. But the exact number of the fresh recruits is yet to be ascertained. Sources also said that some of the bids of the ULFA-I to recruit youths have been foiled following arrest of the linkmen of the outfit, while, a few new recruits were also nabbed before they could be taken to Myanmar.

Replying to a question by MP Krupal Balaji Tumane, Union Minister of State for Home Hansraj Gangaram Ahir revealed that insurgent activities in the Northeast along the Indo-Myanmar border saw an increase compared to the Indo-Bangladesh border in the last three years. According to the report, during the period from 2015 to March 31, 2017, terror activities along Indo-Myanmar border increased alarmingly in view of insurgents groups shifting their bases from Bangladesh to territories within Myanmar and China. According to the Minister, during this period, 10 encounters took place in three North Eastern States - Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura along the Indo-Bangladesh border. Even though no casualties were reported in these encounters, a total of 11 suspected rebels were arrested. In Assam along the Indo-Bangla border, three encounters were reported and four militants arrested in 2015. No such incident was however reported in Assam along the Indo-Bangla border in 2016-17. On the other hand, the Indo-Myanmar border has been witnessing steady rise in insurgent activities during the period with as many as 206 encounters reported between militants and security personnel spread across four Northeastern States Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. While 18 security personnel lost their lives, 32 insurgents were killed in these encounters. A total 337 rebels were arrested from the international border in the four States during this period. Among the four Northeastern States sharing Myanmar border, maximum number of encounters took place in Arunachal Pradesh. As many as 81 encounters were reported in that State where three security personnel and 13 militants were killed. During this period, 114 suspected insurgents were arrested. Even in 2017, 13 encounter cases have been reported till March in Arunachal along the border with Myanmar. Union Minister Ahir said the Central Government of India in tandem with Northeastern State Governments has adopted a multi-pronged approach to contain cross-border infiltration. This includes strengthening of border management, multi-tiered deployment along the international border and Line of Control, synergizing intelligence flow to check infiltration and pro-active action against terrorists.

April 11

Police arrested three extortionists, identified as Joydeep Chakraborty alias Babul (20), Rahul Sah (20) and Aman Verma alias Biki (24), who demanded money from a small tea garden owner by impersonating ULFA-I militants at Doomdooma in Tinsukia District.

April 12

The APW, a rights body in the State, claimed that the ULFA-I might try to create trouble in the Government's project of dredging the Brahmaputra. On April 4, 2017, the Centre had signed a MoU with the State Government to dredge the Brahmaputra and construct a national expressway on its bank. The APW president Abhijeet Sharma said, "The Brahmaputra dredging project has upset the Chinese authorities who try to assert their rights over the river that flows down from Tibet. Paresh Baruah, being a Chinese agent, may try to lead a proxy war in the State in a bid to create hindrance in the project." The organisation further alleged that the April 15-17 scheduled visit of Chinese envoy to Assam, Luo Zhaohul, is part of 'a greater design of China' in the region and urged the Central Government of India to cancel it.

CM Sarbananda Sonowal was assured by the PM Narendra Modi that the sealing of the international border (India-Bangladesh) is one of the top priorities of the Central Government of India and he would instruct the Ministry of Home Affairs to take up the matter on a war footing.

April 15

UPRF (Zogam Army), an ethnic Kuki militant outfit having its base in Singhason hill range of Karbi Anglong Autonomous District, has decided to shun the path of violence and join the mainstream. Expressing its keenness for coming over ground, Johnson Kuki one of the 'leaders' of the group, on behalf of the UPRF through a press release informed that the organization has decided to join the mainstream in response to the call of Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal who has invited insurgent outfits to 'come to table for talks.' "The UPRF (Zogam Army) has full faith on the government of Assam led by Sarbananda Sonowal hence have decided to shun the path of violence and join the mainstream," the statement said. The UPRF has also directed all its units and cadres to stop 'regular routine operation in their areas' and remain inside their camps till the peace process completes. The UPRF has requested all civil societies to extend support to the peace process for the greater interest of peace and harmony in Karbi Anglong.

April 16

In a meeting with the former Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, Chinese Ambassador Luo Zhaohui said that China is not harboring ULFA-I or any other militant group from the Northeast and that the Dalai Lama should not have 'meddled' in the Sino-Indian affair.

April 17

SFs arrested one person, identified as Sangsar Boro, and recovered 12 hand grenades from his possession in Hortola village under Darrangamela Police Station in Baksa District.

Preparations for the upcoming KAAC are underway even though Assam State Election Commission is yet give formal notification concerning poll schedule. The polling to the KAAC is expected to be held during the last part of May, 2017.

April 18

One unidentified militant of ULFA-I was killed by 7 Madras Regiment of Indian Army near Dirak Charali in Tinsukia District. Two 7.65 pistols and a fake driving license in the name of Pulin Dutta was recovered from the killed militant. However the proper identity of the militant is not yet known. The encounter took place when the militant tried to run away by firing from a vehicle during a checking by the search team of the Indian army.

A report of the UMHA said that the insurgency-related violence has continued to decline and the year 2016 witnessed the lowest number of insurgency incidents since 1997 in the State. The major militant outfits presently active in Assam are the ULFA-I and the NDFB-S. The ULFA and NDFB have been declared as unlawful associations under the provisions of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. Besides, the KPLT is also active in Karbi Anglong District. In Assam, there was a substantial decline in insurgency-related incidents in 2016. There were 75 incidents in 2016 compared to 81 in 2015. At least 51 insurgents were neutralised by security forces, while 366 insurgents were arrested. Security forces lost four personnel in these operations, the report said. In 2016, the number of civilian deaths went up to 29. During the period from 2014 to 2016, 873 cadres and linkmen of the NDFB-S were arrested with the recovery of a huge quantity of arms and ammunition from them and 50 cadres were neutralized in counter-insurgency operations. Meanwhile, the report said that the security situation in the North Eastern States, which has remained complex for quite some time due to diverse demands of ethnic groups and various militant outfits, improved substantially in 2016. The number of insurgency-related incidents in the region decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015. In 2015, at least 574 incidents were reported as compared to 484 last year.

April 19

SFs arrested two unidentified persons and explosives recovered from them during a routine check at Sakheti in Kamrup District. 50 electronic detonators and 600 gelatin sticks were recovered from them.

SFs arrested a linkman of NDFB-IKS, identified as Pranjit Basumatary alias Tengna from Hakma village under Gossaigaon Police Station in Kokrajhar District. One pistol was also recovered from the arrestee.

April 21

Around 100 naked youths from Karbi tribal community marched through the streets of Diphu town demanding KAAC to prepare fresh electoral roll before conducting election and alleged deprivation of their political rights by the Government. The naked demonstration was jointly organised by 24 tribal organizations. The 24 organizations, which represent the schedule tribes living in Karbi Anglong District, had been urging the KAAC to frame act and rules for preparing new voters list and for conduct of election of the council as enjoined by paragraph 2 (7), based on paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India. "Because act and rules for the conduct of Council Elections have not yet been made, and because the obsolete and defective rules of 1951 are still used by the KAAC as well as the state government the non tribal emigrants have taken away political power of the schedule tribe guaranteed by the Constitution of India…hence the naked demonstrations," said a press release issued by the 24 organizations.

April 22

The annual report of the UMHA for 2016-17 revealed that the security situation in the Northeast had "improved substantially" during the previous year where insurgency-related incidents decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015. "The security situation in the north-eastern states, which has remained complex for quite some time because of diverse demands of ethnic groups and various militant outfits, improved substantially in 2016.

The number of insurgency-related incidents in the region decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015," the report said. In 2015, while there were 574 insurgency-related incidents, the corresponding figure in 2016 was 484. The report also said 2016 witnessed the "lowest number" of insurgency incidents since 1997. While casualties among SFs in the region declined from 46 (2015) to 17 (2016), civilian casualties declined in all states except Assam where it increased from 9 in 2015 to 29 in 2016. The report noted that while Sikkim, Mizoram and Tripura had no insurgency-related violence in 2016, there was considerable decline in incidents in Meghalaya (44 per cent) and Nagaland (43 per cent) compared to 2015. In 2016, Manipur accounted for about 48 per cent of total violent incidents in the region and Arunachal Pradesh experienced an increase in violent activities by 38 per cent, primarily on account of violence by the NSCN-K, the report stated. In Assam, insurgency-related violence continued to decline and 2016 witnessed the lowest number of insurgency incidents since 1997, it added. In 2016, Meghalaya witnessed a 44 per cent decline in the number of violent incidents. While there were 123 incidents in 2015, the figure declined to 68 in 2016.

The report stated that the number of civilian casualties decreased by 33 per cent compared to 2015. Further, while 25 militants were killed in 2015, the figure came down to 15 in 2016. Similarly, only 59 militants were arrested in 2016 compared to 121 in 2015. However, there was no casualty on the part of security personnel in 2016.

April 23

A top official source of Assam Police informed that the internal conflicts among the cadres of the ULFA-I and NSCN-K have increased in recent times. The source said that two top ULFA-I leaders currently based in Myanmar, who also known to be very close with Paresh Baruah, have recently contacted to a top official of Union Home Ministry and a top Assam Police official and expressed their desire to come main stream. "Conflict has been growing up in ULFA-I after its 'c-in-c' Paresh Baruah made several statements in favour of China and some leaders of the outfit had openly opposed it," added the source. In the same way, the source said that, several leaders of NSCN-K are also in touch with the Union Home Ministry. Supporting the point, the source also added that recently NSCN-K's deputy 'c-in-c' Niki Sumi and its 'army chief' Isak Sumi met European Union ambassador to Myanmar Roland Kobia and Indian ambassador to Myanmar Vikram Misri at an Indo-Myanmar bordering town in 'eastern Nagaland'.

Troops of Guwahati Frontier of BSF seized FICN amounting to INR 1,00,000 having denomination of INR 2,000 from the International Border under South Salmara District.

April 29

One militant of ULFA-I, identified as Madhab Jyoti Nath (23), was arrested by the SFs from Cherekapar area of Sivasagar District. A .22 pistol, 6 rounds of live bullets of AK-47 rifle, one mobile phone, INR 7,000 and other documents were also recovered from him.

April 30

SFs recovered huge cache of arms and ammunition from Dipanjali Hills area along Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border in Sonitpur District. The recovered staff includes one 303 rifle, a gun, one pistol, one hand grenade, 50 rounds live ammunition and magazine. According to the SFs the recovered arms and ammunitions belongs to the militants of NDFB-IKS.

SFs recovered one hand made rifle and one silencer of 303 rifle, two AK 56 rifles, two 9mm pistols, 60 live ammunition and four magazines in Baksa District. SFs also arrested one person identified as Nirmal Basumatary in this connection. The person was suspected for rhino killing in Kaziranga.

May 1

A State-appointed committee on protection of land rights of indigenous people has estimated that 90% of the natives of Assam do not possess permanent land 'patta' (legal document for land ownership), while at least 8 lakh native families are landless. "In all of Assam, 63 lakh bigha (1 bigha= 14,400 sq ft) of Government land, including forest land, grazing ground and others, are under illegal occupation, while at least 7 to 8 lakh native families do not have an inch of land. Ninety per cent of the native people do not have myadi patta (permanent land settlement), they have either eksonia patta (annual land settlement) or are occupying government land," said, Hari Shankar Brahma, who heads the committee. According to an additional deputy commissioner of Nagaon District, about 70% of the land is owned by non-natives there, which is perhaps the only district where non-indigenous people possess such a share of land, Brahma said on April 30. The committee, formed in February, 2017 as per CM Sarbananda Sonowal's instructions, is expected to submit its recommendations on how to protect the land rights of the indigenous people to the government in June 2017.

May 3

Three militants of UPLA, identified as Bijoy Ingti, Karung Terampi and Loring Tron, were arrested by SFs from Moran Khelmati, under Moran Police Station, in Dibrugarh District. A .22 pistol, a 7.62 pistol, 13 live rounds and two magazines were also recovered from the arrested militants.

Citing frequent violent activities by insurgent groups, the Union Home Ministry declared Assam as a "disturbed" area under the AFSPA for another three months with effect from today (May 3). The Ministry said that the AFSPA in Assam has been extended for three more months on the basis of 75 incidents of violence in the state in 2016 that led to the killing of 33 people, including four security personnel. 14 cases of abduction have also been reported during the same period. There have been nine violent incidents registered in the State in 2017 in which four people, including two security personnel, were killed.

May 4

Joginder Singh (39), a rice trader and his daughter Rinky Singh (10), sustained minor injuries after unidentified militants lobbed a crude bomb at their residence at Milan Nagar in Tinsukia district.

Police arrested at least three persons and seized two counterfeit note-printing machines along with INR 420,000 of FICN, mostly in INR 2,000 denominations. In the first operation, Hamren Police seized a FICN machine from a clandestine location at Harlongjubi village in Karbi Anglong District and arrested two persons. "Special blank papers, used for printing the notes, were also seized from the printing press. The arrested persons were identified as Bajong Timung and Bidyaram Teran," Police sources said. At the same time, in a separate operation in Darrang District, police nabbed one Billal Hussain, along with a fake note-printing machine, from Ananda Bazaar village of Dhula. Police are quizzing him to nab others involved in the racket. "Inks and printers used for the purpose of manufacturing fake notes were also seized," added Police.

May 5

BSF DG K.K Sharma said that Bangladesh is no longer a safe haven for Indian insurgent groups. Sharma, who was addressing the media at the 8th annual medical conference at the BSF headquarters in the Shillong, said the few training camps and hideouts set up by Indian rebel groups, like HNLC and ULFA, in the neighbouring country have been destroyed by the Border Guards Bangladesh. On border fencing in the State, Sharma said BSF has taken up the land acquisition issue with the State Government. At the same time, he said the border sentinels will introduce high-end technology to detect intruders. "BSF is in the process of filling up the gaps along the border by technological solutions - installing intruder detection alert system that would go a long way in detecting infiltrators.

May 6

Indian Army recovered a cache of arms and ammunition from an unidentified militant hideout in Assam's Karbi Anglong District during an operation. The recovered staffs include three country made self-loaded rifles, five hand grenades, three SLR cartridges, one ammunition pouch and three combat dresses.

May 9

An unidentified Sub-Inspector of 156th battalion SSB and a suspected NDFB-IKS militant were killed, in an encounter, in the in the forests around Manas National Park in Chirang District. The SFs have recovered an INSAS rifle from the encounter site and efforts are being made to recover the body of the militant, an unnamed officials said.

May 11

SFs seized fake Myanmar Kyat worth five million and FICN worth INR 120,000 from Bhagabazar locality of Cachar District near the Mizoram border during a raid. SFs arrested a local resident named Raju Laskar (47) during the raid. SP (Cachar) Rakesh Raushan said the arrested man is being interrogated in the custody of Silchar Police. He added that the fake Indian currency were in INR 2,000-denomination notes. Earlier, in separate raids, fake notes of mostly INR 2,000 denomination were seized from different places of Cachar district, he further said. The man is being quizzed to find out the man's link with Myanmar, if any.

The Assam State Election Commission has announced that KAAC election will be held on June 12. The State Election Commission through a notification informed that the last date for filing of nomination to the 26 seats spread across Karbi Anglong, West Karbi Anglong and Bokajan is May 19. The last date of withdrawal of candidature is May 22 and publication of the list of contesting candidates will be on May 22. The Gorkhas living in Assam have demanded indigenous status for the community.

The Gorkha Autonomous Council Demand Committee said that the Gorkhas have been living in Assam since ancient times and many have no link with Nepal and considering them as immigrants would be an injustice. It said Nepalis and Gorkhas are different communities but the Assam government considers them as one and deprived Gorkhas from getting indigenous tag. "For generations, our people have lived on this land. We have accepted its culture, language and customs. We are totally Assamese. We have no link with Nepal. But the government is not giving us indigenous community status," said Padum Boraili, 'vice-president' of the committee.

May 12

The State Government is exploring the possibility of revoking the AFSPA from certain Districts of the State which are currently free of insurgency. It is likely to be withdrawn from Districts like Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagaon, Morigaon, Majuli and Dibrugarh. However, it will not be revoked in Districts such as Tinsukia, Charaideo, Sivasagar and Chirang which border Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Meghalaya and the neighbouring country of Bhutan. ADGP-Special Branch Pallab Bhattacharyya said the State Government was likely to take up the matter with the Centre during the next review meeting on continuation of AFSPA in the State. Bhattacharyya said the phased withdrawal of AFSPA was raised at a meeting of the Unified Command held at the army's 4 Corps headquarters in Tezpur, but it could not be discussed in detail since the meeting was convened to review security for PM Narendra Modi who is scheduled to visit the state on May 26. The UMHA had recently extended AFSPA in the state for three months with effect from May 3 and the review meeting will be held before August 3, when the contentious act will expire in the state. Usually, AFSPA is extended for one year or six months. This was the first time it was extended for only three months.

One suspected Kuki militant, identified as Lamthang Hangsing (31), was arrested by SFs at Jwallien area in East Karbi Anglong District. Two country-made SLRs with 10 live bullets were also recovered from the arrested militant.

May 13

Sustained counter-insurgency operations against militants in the North-eastern region have hit the ULFA-I hard, forcing it to try combining forces with other militant outfits, says Mukesh Sahai. They are trying to put up a united platform to attack Government forces, the DGP added, while interacting with media persons recently. He further said that ULFA-I has been weakened but is still recruiting cadres. "We have information of a number of youths joining the outfit in recent times, some of whom we have nabbed. But the magnitude of recruitment is not like before. ULFA-I is led by Paresh Barua, who is opposed to the government's ongoing talks with the Arabinda Rajkhowa-led ULFA faction. Barua leads hundreds of heavily-armed fighters from his camps in China-Myanmar border and in Myanmar's Sagaing Division," he said. The Assam DGP added, "Stringent operations against NDFB-IKS are also going on in Sonitpur District, along with other probable sensitive areas in the State."

The Prakton ULFA Samanoy Samity Sammelon (Conference of Former ULFA Cadres), at Digboi town in Tinsukia District, accused both the Centre and the State Government of "doing little" to ensure proper rehabilitation of former militants of the ULFA. They criticised the Government for not having "comprehensive policy" in this regard.

May 14

Bangladesh has started sharing real-time intelligence on the activities of radical forces and its drive against the JMB with its counterpart in India, but Myanmar's poor cooperation on the insurgency front remains a matter of concern for New Delhi. Security sources said that the Union Home Ministry was constantly in touch with Bangladesh to foil any attempt by radical forces to cross over to West Bengal and Assam for shelter. Sources also said that Dhaka has launched a massive combing operation against its radical forces. Pointing out that Southeast Asian countries have agreed to bilateral cooperation in the fight against insurgency, Security sources said it was regrettable that Myanmar is yet to translate its assurances into a reality.

May 15

The special NIA court in Guwahati on May 15 deferred pronouncing judgment in the INR 10 billion NCHAC scam case till May 22. The premier investigation agency had taken over the case from State Police in 2009 to investigate a scam in which crores of rupees of government funds were siphoned to fund militancy activities in the erstwhile North Cachar Hills district (now known as Dima Hasao). The NIA had charge-sheeted at least 15 people in the case, including militant-turned-politician Jewel Garlosa alias Mihir Barman, former 'chairperson' of disbanded militant outfit Black Widow (BW)/ Jewel Garlosa faction of DHD-J, and its former 'c-in-c' Niranjan Hojai. However, Garlosa and Hojai were released to initiate peace talks with the Government in 2011. Currently they are active politicians for the ruling BJP and elected members of the NCHAC.

May 16

Reviewing the security situation in the Northeast with chief secretaries and DGPs of the region in New Delhi, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh described religious radicalisation as a serious security threat and said if not checked in time; it could lead to terrorism. He also expressed concern over the proliferation of illegal arms in the region and asked the Police chiefs to launch organised campaigns against arms smugglers.

States in the Northeast have asked the UMHA to step up the presence of central intelligence and security forces in five contiguous Districts in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland adjoining Myanmar. These Districts, they said, have emerged as the hub of the last remaining militants in the region. "We have apprised the home minister of the security situation in the northeast and informed him that all militant activities are being controlled from Arunachal's Tirap, Changlang and Longding Districts, and Nagaland's Mon and Tuensang Districts," said a top security official who participated in the northeast security review meeting by Union home minister Rajnath Singh in New Delhi. "We requested him to increase the presence of central intelligence agencies and security forces in these districts," the official added. According to the UMHA report at the review meeting, the security situation in Arunachal Pradesh (the three districts) and Manipur remains a subject of concern, though relatively less than it has been in the past. These five districts also border as many Districts of Assam on the other side, including Tinsukia District, where the ULFA-I is active and has been carrying out strikes jointly with Meitei outfits of Manipur. "The biggest advantage of these five districts is their proximity to the NSCN-K-controlled areas of Myanmar and their highly difficult terrain, which makes patrolling a difficult task for security agencies," the official said.

May 18

One suspected militant of ULFA-I, identified as 'sergeant major' Rajesh Bora, was killed in an encounter with Assam Police at Sonaripara village in Udalguri District. A 9mm pistol, a grenade and INR 600000 in cash were also recovered from the deceased militant.

UPRF, a militant group, which has been operating in Singhason Hills of Karbi Anglong District, affirmed unilateral ceasefire with the GoI for six months starting from today (May 18). The militant group also appealed the Government to speed up a peace process.

May 19

SFs arrested a ULFA-I militant 'private' Bikram Chakma, during an operation, at Ledo (Tinsukia district Assam) near Changlang District, along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh boundary. A .22 caliber pistol with ammunitions was seized from the militant. On interrogation, the cadre also revealed the whereabouts of an over ground worker of NSCN-K identified as Tara Chand.

May 21

SFs, in an encounter, killed a militant, 'commanding officer' of 3rd battalion Jwrimiya Muchahary alias M Jwrimin, belonging NDFB-IKS was inside Manas Reserve Forest in Chirang District. An M-16 automatic rifle, a .9 mm Beretta pistol, a large quantity of ammunition and other warlike stores were recovered from the spot.

Two Bru (Reang) militant outfits active in Hailakandi and Karimganj districts, BLAU, led by Rajesh Chorky, and UDLA, led by Dhanyaram Reang, are going to surrender before the Government soon. "While BLAU, which has its base in Mizoram too, has submitted a list of 85 cadres, UDLA has submitted a list of 140 cadres along with arms and ammunitions before the government agencies," said unnamed sources. "The process is going on for some time. Even UMHA had a plan to stage the surrender ceremony last March. But in the absence of a rehabilitation package the surrender was delayed", Hailakandi Superintendent of Police (SP), Pranab Jyoti Goswami. Goswami said the process of surrender, initiated by the AR authorities with full cooperation from the IB and Police, will be completed within two months.

 

 

 

 

 
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