Arunachal Pradesh Timeline - 2009
Telegraph reports that
the Unified Command Structures of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh
have launched a joint operation to neutralize transit camps set
up by the militants in Changlang and Tirap Districts to prevent
them from reaching Myanmar. The counter-insurgency operations
would target militants of the ULFA
and NSCN, besides militants operating from West Bengal and Sikkim,
who take shelter and receive training in the Districts of Arunachal
Pradesh with support from larger outfits.
Apart from Changlang and Tirap,
camps in Tamulpur, Darrang, Kajalgaon and Udalguri areas of Assam
bordering Bhutan would also be targeted. "This (the camps) is
where we want to stop them. Our main focus area will, therefore,
be Changlang and Tirap, as these are their getaways. The mega
crackdown should be over before the parliamentary elections,"
an unnamed senior official said. "The objective is to stop the
militants from moving out of Bangladesh and from reaching Myanmar.
The Sheikh Hasina regime has made her stand very clear vis-à-vis
militant groups from India operating from Bangladeshi soil. Things
will only get tough for the rebels in Bangladesh," he added.
At least four militants are killed
during a clash between the combined cadres of the NSCN-K,
ULFA on one side and the NSCN-IM
on the other in the Tirap District. Two slain militants are from
the NSCN-IM and the other two were the combined group of the three
Two NSCN-IM militants and a cadre
of the rival NSCN-K are killed in two separate factional clashes
in the Tirap District. The report added that the ULFA and the
NSCN-K are holding joint training sessions in the hilly interiors
of Tirap District to win the "turf war" over the NSCN-IM.
Two NSCN-IM militants are killed and three other
injured during an internecine clash with the rival NSCN-K cadres
at Lapnam village in the Tirap District. The Assistant Superintendent
of Police in Tirap District, A.K. Ojha, says about 50 armed cadres
of the NSCN-IM carried out a sudden attack on the NSCN-K hideouts.
"The gunbattle, which continued for an hour and left two NSCN
(I-M) cadres dead and three injured, was pre-planned," he adds.
Ojha says a Police team which visited the spot could not trace
the dead bodies, which are believed to have been taken away by
Another Police official in Tirap District has
said three NSCN-K cadres were killed and three of them injured
during the clash at Lapnam. According to him, the NSCN-IM, which
is dominant in the Tirap District, has been facing a tough challenge
from its rival group in recent months. He says the NSCN-K has
been able to establish its grip in the area with the help of the
ULFA and the UNLF.
The report adds that nearly 30 ULFA recruits finished
a two-month advanced training in villages in the Changlang District
of the State as well as on the other side of the India-Myanmar
border under the supervision of 'sergeant commander' Anjan Borthakur
of the B company of ULFA's 28 battalion, the outfit's 'publicity
secretary' Michael Deka and NSCN-K 'commander' Siv Konyak in February
2009. The NSCN-IM's self-styled 'major' K. Ngaimong is leading
the charge for the faction against NSCN-K 'captain' H. Thangkul.
The ULFA has started extorting money from traders
in Arunachal Pradesh. The State Police said that two cadres of
ULFA's 28 battalion, Ghanakanta Saikia and Deepak Bhuyan, were
arrested from Bihpuria in Assam's Lakhimpur District on April
24, for serving an extortion notice for INR one million to a trader
at Banderdewa in Arunachal Pradesh last week and intimidating
him. They were remanded to Police custody for 14 days by a local
magistrate next day.
A senior official of a retail chain was seriously
injured in an attack by armed militants at Maxmart Guest house
in capital Itanagar. Police sources said four armed militants
intruded into the Maxmart Guest house in the morning and started
firing on Mukesh Choudhury, local manager of the Maxmart shopping
mall chain, seriously injuring him.
The Union Government expresses concern over the
violation of cease-fire agreement by the NSCN-IM and NSCN-K groups
active in the Tirap and Changlang Districts of Arunachal Pradesh,
and states the matter has been taken up with the neighbouring
countries to ensure that they do not give shelter to these groups.
"I concede that despite ceasefire arrangement with insurgent groups,
violations do happen and we have taken a grave notice of this,"
the Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram says during the question
hour in Parliament.
The Union Home Secretary held discussions with
the State Government in March 2009 to review the situation, the
Minister says adding that the Government has strengthened security
on India-Myanmar border. On whether the insurgent groups were
operating with support of neighbouring countries, he says "successive
governments have taken up this matter with the neighbouring countries
and continue to take up with limited success." There is a new
Government in the neighbouring country of Bangladesh and "our
assessment is that the new government is more responsive than
the previous one," he says.
Two NSCN-IM linkmen, Joshua Ngobang and Samchang
Wangsu, are arrested by the Police from a hotel in capital Itanagar,
for trying to extort money from three politicians in Tirap District.
Police have reportedly arrested them after the Arunachal Pradesh
Forest Minister Newlai Tingkhatra has tipped it off about the
NSCN-IM linkmen taking money from him. The duo has also extorted
money from a Legislator belonging to the Congress party, Kamthok
Lowang, and another politician from the District, Anok Wangsa
of the Naga People's Front. Each of them is asked to pay INR 500,
000. The report adds that Naga militant outfits are targeting
politicians from the Naga-dominated Tirap and Changlang Districts
for extortion as the Legislative Assembly elections are drawing
The Security Force personnel recover a cache of
explosives from the Hatiduar reserve forest of Lohit District.
The seizure includes five detonators, 26 kilograms of improvised
explosive device and packets of explosives.
28 militants from various outfits surrender at
Assam Rifles battalion headquarters in Khonsa of Tirap District.
The militants deposit a large cache of arms and ammunition.
A NSCN-IM cadre is arrested by the troops from
Zedua village of Longding circle in Tirap District.
A NSCN-IM cadre, Jupha Sungam, is arrested by
the troop from Zedua village in Tirap District. He confesses during
his interrogation that he met Panthai, 'town commander' of the
NSCN-IM, at Longding and handed over a pistol to him. Later, the
self-styled 'town commander' moved to carry out extortion in the
area. Interrogation also reveals that the NSCN factions were trying
to influence the outcome of Assembly elections scheduled to be
held in Arunachal Pradesh on October 13.
The Assam Riffles personnel arrest two NSCN-IM
cadres from Pongchau area in Tirap District. One 9-mm pistol with
20 rounds of bullets and one single-barrel gun with 66 rounds
of ammunition are recovered from their possession. Police sources
said that two NSCN-IM cadres had infiltrated in civil dress with
an intention of disrupting the Assembly polls.
Suspected NSCN-IM militants abduct 16 activists
of the Congress party from Tirap District, fanning fears in the
area ahead of Assembly elections in the State on October 13. Sources
said armed militants entered Chanu, Longsam and Chattong villages
under Kanubari circle in two groups, abducted 16 Congress activists,
including the party's block president Abu Wangpan, at gunpoint
and took them away to Mon District in the neighbouring State of
Nagaland. The report adds that on October 3, the NSCN-IM militants
had abducted five Congressmen, including the village chief, from
Langhua Basti in Kanubari and taken them to Lakhunbasti in Nagaland.
All the five were "released" on October 11 and returned to their
The Nationalist Congress Party's State unit president
and former Home Minister Lowangcha Wanglat said that one self-styled
NSCN-IM area 'commander' threatened of killing him if he ventured
into Shoha near Deomali under Namsang Assembly constituency of
Tirap District to campaign for his party candidate, Wanglong Rajkumar.
The arrest of five youths by West Siang District
Police from Aalo has exposed the designs of NSCN-IM to rejuvenate
the National Liberation Council of Taniland outfit by supplying
arms to trained youths from Arunachal Pradesh.
The manager of a road construction company is
abducted by around seven suspected NDFB militants at Sereng under
Nari Police Station in West Siang District along the Arunachal
The All Arunachal Pradesh Students' Union (AAPSU)
has alleged that 18 youths, aged between 18 and 23, were recruited
by the NSCN-K from Pongchau circle in Tirap District on November
19. Of the 18 reported recruits, 16 were from Pongchau village
while two others belonged to Bonia village under Pongchau circle.
Nagaland Post quoting UNI sources
reports that 14 youths were abducted from Ninu village under Wakka
Circle of Tirap District in November 2009 by the NSCN-IM, as part
of its ongoing recruitment drive. However, according to another
source, a local man of Ninu Village, suspected to be an NSCN-IM
cadre, has reportedly recruited 16 youths from the village, besides
two from Longsom, three from Bera and one from Konsa in the District,
with a target to recruit 50 youths from Khonsa, Longding and Kanubari
Circles. The report adds that the District administration is,
however, not sure whether the youths had been abducted or they
voluntarily joined the outfit. Moreover, they are also resorting
to extortion and have employed some locals for the purpose, the
sources claimed, adding these were violation of the cease-fire
ground rules, the report said.
Reports also mention that the ULFA and NSCN-K
were conducting joint training for 30 newly recruited ULFA cadres
in Mahadevpur, Pongchau and Bordumsa Circles of Lohit, Tirap and
Changlang Districts to prepare for a possible Army crackdown in
Assam and Nagaland.
Arunachal Pradesh Government stated that Northeast
militants, including ULFA, were getting arms and ammunition from
China. "The Centre is also aware of it. ULFA and other militant
groups of the North-East are procuring arms and ammunition from
China," state Home Minister Tako Dabi told reporters on the sidelines
of a function at North Eastern Police Academy (NEPA) at Umsaw
here. He said the militants, particularly those of ULFA, were
using Arunachal Pradesh as a 'corridor' to China. Though Dabi
denied the presence of permanent ULFA camps in Arunachal Pradesh,
he said "they use Changlang and Tirap districts in the state as
sanctuaries." Asked what steps the government was taking against
the militants, Dabi said, "the government is on alert. Para-military
and Army personnel have been deployed in adequate numbers in the
Arunachal Pradesh called for a joint regional
approach by all north eastern states to deal with different militant
groups who have close nexus among themselves. State Home Minister
Tako Dabi said though no home grown ultra group operates in the
state, militants from the neighbouring states like Nagaland and
Assam use the dense forests in Arunachal as corridor for their
movement to and fro their bases across Myanmer border. "Unless
all the states in the north eastern region join hands and take
a regional approach to root out militancy from all affected areas,
it is difficult to tackle the problem," he said on his return
from Delhi after having a discussion with union Home Minister
P. Chidambaram. "The ultras of all states help each other and
to fight them, police and other security agencies operating in
different states in the region should also have a regional approach,"
Tako Dabi, who also met CBI director in New Delhi
recently, said the CBI investigation into the murder of former
Lok Sabha member Wangcha Rajkumar had progressed well and the
names of culprits are expected to be announced shortly. Dabi said
he will visit Tirap and Changlang districts, declared disturbed
under Armed Forces Special Power Act because of activities of
both the factions of NSCN, from the second week of next month.
During his trip to Tirap and Changlang, instead of staying in
circuit house, he will stay in the homes of villagers to listen
to their problems and get a first hand knowledge of the situation.
In a X-mas appeal to the militants, Dabi said
both factions should abjure violence and continue talks with the
government to find a solution to the socio-economic problems.
Instead of solving the problem of militancy with army, police
and paramilitary forces, the state government wants to control
and contain it by trying to be compassionate and building confidence
among the people, he added.
Addressing people at Nari Seren in East Siang,
Arunchal Pradesh Home Minister Tako Dabi informed that his office
promptly asked the State Police to take immediate action and investigate
extortion notices served to some contractors and Government officials
by the NDFB at Seijosa in East Kameng District. He said that the
Government would not tolerate such subversive acts by anti-social
elements within the territory of Arunachal Pradesh. Dabi reiterated
his 'Christmas message' to all underground outfits active in the
State to shun violence and create a congenial atmosphere for the
growth of the State. He kept the doors of the Government open
for talks. The Home Minister also informed that the Central Bureau
of Investigation (CBI), which is investigating the killing of
former Parliamentarian Wangcha Rajkumar, assured to submit its
report within three months.
The Army deferred a plan to storm ULFA hideouts
in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh, apprehending confrontation
with Naga militants in ceasefire with the Centre. Sources in the
Army said there was concrete evidence about ULFA militants taking
shelter in NSCN-K camps in Nagaland, bordering Myanmar, and also
at a few places along the Nagaland-Arunachal border. "Our spotters
have located these camps but the fear is that there are also a
large number of Naga militants there and we do not want any kind
of confrontation with the NSCN," an Army officer said.
The NSCN-K is in cease-fire with the Centre. The
sources said the plan to storm the camps was made soon after the
arrest of a woman ULFA cadre, Mina Gogoi, from Assam's Sivasagar
District in November 2009. Mina, one of the oldest woman cadres
in the outfit and wife of Ulfa militant Roman Dhodomia, was apprehended
while she was crossing over to Assam from Nagaland. Her husband
and a few other Ulfa cadres in the group fled to Nagaland. "We
recovered several photographs of these camps from Mina and got
vital information from her. We soon sent spotters and ascertained
the presence of these camps," the officer said. However, the plan
to barge into these camps had to be shelved as there were a large
number of NSCN-K cadres there. "Our hands are tied, otherwise
we would have had many Ulfa cadres in custody by now," the officer
The sources said ULFA was not only using these
camps in Nagaland to train cadres but also as transit camps to
move to-and-fro from Myanmar-based general headquarters. Senior
ULFA leaders based at Myanmar - Jibon Moran, Michael Dekaphukon,
Sujit Mohon, Horen Phukon and others - frequently visit these
camps, the sources said. "Had the NSCN (Khaplang) not provided
logistical support to the Ulfa, by now we could have easily choked
the routes the militants take to travel to Myanmar," the officer
said. It was in such a camp recently that Ulfa's "2nd lieutenant"
Seema Bora was killed and another woman cadre, Satyama Bailung,
was injured when "sergeant" Atula Gogoi, alias Prasant, of the
outfit fired on them following a quarrel. A meeting was scheduled
to be held at the camp prior to the incident and several senior
cadres were present there. The sources said there were similar
camps in Arunachal Pradesh, bordering Nagaland, where ULFA militants
were taking shelter with NSCN-K militants.
An Assam Police official said that several ULFA
cadres had fled their Myanmar camps and were contacting security
forces expressing their willingness to come overground. But these
cadres were undecided on whether to join the pro-talks group of
the Ulfa or surrender. A leader of the pro-talks group said the
NSCN-K had been providing logistical support to the ULFA in exchange
of money for a long time.
The NSCN-K has brought in heavily armed cadres
of the Myanmar-based KIA group to take on its rival NSCN-IM in
a renewed turf war in Tirap and Changlang Districts. "NSCN-K has
turned to the Kachin Independent Army for logistical help to build
up bases in the twin districts of Arunachal Pradesh - Tirap and
Changlang - and heavily armed KIA fighters have already entered
these two districts along the Indo-Myanmar border," an unnamed
senior Police official said.
The Police official said the NSCN-K had also started
a recruitment drive in the twin Districts to take on the rival
faction. "Altogether 16 youths from Pongchau and two others from
Bonia village under Pongchau circle were recruited by the NSCN
(K) in November," he said. Besides, nine youths from Nyinu village
under Wakka circle of Tirap District were recruited by the NSCN-K
in December 2009 and these youths are currently undergoing training
under the guidance of the KIA in Myanmar.