In view of latest
developments in the ongoing battle for ‘territorial control’ between
NSCN-IM faction and the combined force of ANLF and NSCN-K
faction at Khonsa in Tirap District, the Army moved in and
conducted the flag-march.
The special crime
branch (Kolkata) of CBI arrested an NSCN-IM
cadre, identified as ‘lance corporal’ Kaping Luikham, for his
alleged involvement in the murder of former Lok Sabha (lower house
of parliament) member from Arunachal Pradesh Wangcha Rajkumar,
from Imphal, the capital of Manipur.
Over 35 cadres of the Isack-Muivah
and the Khaplang factions of the NSCN were killed on the night
of February 24-25 on the Tirap-Myanmar border cadres in the fierce
fighting when a 100-strong armed group, trying to enter Tirap
from Myanmar's Sagiang division, were ambushed by the rival Khaplang
faction, intelligence reports reaching New Delhi said.
This was the largest clash in
an ongoing conflict between the two groups since December 2010.
Both factions are currently in talks with the Centre and have
been observing a ceasefire with government forces. The Ministry
of Home Affairs (MHA), alarmed at the escalating conflict, wanted
the Assam Rifles and the Army to launch an operation to disarm
the NSCN cadres of both the factions but so far the Army has resisted
the pressure, arguing that these are not banned groups and the
clashes should be treated more as a law and order issue than pure
The Cabinet Committee on Security
(CCS) gave the green signal to the Army to flush out armed cadres
of the NSCN-IM and NSCN-K from Tirap-Changlang sector in Arunachal
Pradesh. The report said Army will launch a major offensive to
flush the NSCN-IM and NSCN-K from the eastern sector of Arunachal
where their cadres have been involved in major extortion and arms
| April 22
Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh
Governments sought extension of the ban on ULFA, citing unabated
terror activities of the group in their territories and links
with small groups operating in the neighbouring states. Deposing
before Unlawful Activities Prevention Tribunal headed by Delhi
High Court Judge Mukta Gupta said the ban will help the security
agencies in taking "effective action" against the terror activities,
official sources told.
| June 19
The cadres of ANLF led by "commander-in-chief"
Hanglon Nocte and 'general secretary' Sepkam Lungphi, reportedly
merged with NSCN-K. In a statement 'ministry of information and
publicity secretary' of NSCN-K said ANLF members also deposited
"huge cache of arms and ammunition" in one of its mobile camp
under Changlang District, Arunchal Pradesh. According to the 'secretary',
the joined members vowed to "stand uprightly after chairman S.S.
Khaplang in all situations". ANLF "commander-in-chief", in his
short speech, said no force on earth could divide Naga family,
the 'secretary' added.
| June 26
The Union Home Secretary GK Pillai
said that there was marked improvement of the overall situation
in the North East region and there was greater desire for peace
not only among the common people but also among different militant
groups of the region. He expressed the view that the Government
would have to take advantage of the situation and efforts have
already been launched in this direction. Pillai pointed out that
the level of violence in the region has come down considerably,
which is a positive sign. But at the same time, he admitted that
extortions by militant groups remain a cause of concern.
Though Union Home Minister P.
Chidambaram announced in 2010 that full scale operations against
militants would be launched in Tirap and Changlang Districts of
Arunachal Pradesh, that has not yet been done as yet and the militants
are still using the area to visit their camps in Myanmar. Significantly,
the security agencies recently came across information that the
militant groups, having bases in Myanmar, are toying with the
idea of coming under one umbrella at least for launching operations.
Official sources said that militant groups, including NSCN-K,
ULFA, NDFB-ATF and some outfits of Manipur, have their strong
bases in Myanmar and the possibility of them joining hands, at
least to help each other in launching offensives in India, cannot
be ruled out.
Fierce shoot out is being reported
NSCN-IM and NSCN-K factions at Kothin, 35 kilometres off Khonsa,
the District headquarters of Tirap District. Police sources confirmed
that heavy encounter between the two factions have been going
on for the last two to three days, however, there is no report
of any casualties. SFs could not recover any dead body apart from
discovering splatter of blood everywhere.
| July 28
One ULFA-ATF 'sergeant major'
Junmoni Gogoi (26), a close associate of ULFA-ATF leader Jibon
Moran surrendered before the Security Forces at Jairampur base
camp in Arunachal Pradesh. He deposited one AK-47 and 16 rounds
of live bullets.
| July 29
Arunachal Pradesh Home Minister
Takar Marde said his Ministry was aware of the problems faced
by the insurgency-hit Districts of Tirap and Changlang and has
also adequate steps had been initiated by the state government
to address the problems. He further revealed that INR 800 million
has already been sanctioned for opening up new police stations
and upgrading the existing ones in the two Districts.
| August 4
Three militants of NSCN-K surrendered
along with arms before SFs in a simple ceremony at the headquarters
of 19 Assam Riffles at Khonsa in Tirap District.
Ahead of Independence Day celebrations,
SFs arrested three NSCN-K militants from Tirap in Arunachal Pradesh.
SFs arrested NSCN-K cadre identified as 'corporal', Tedam Ngowa
at Deomali, Tirap in Arunachal Pradesh. A .22 mm pistol with magazine,
five .22 mm lrounds, cash amounting to INR 2,500 and Kyat 20 (Myanmar
currency) were seized from him.
SFs arrested two NSCN-K militants
from Longkhao village under Longding sub-division in Arunachal
Pradesh. They were identified as a 'sergeant major' Abo Wangpan
and 'second lieutenant' Botai Wangsu. Both are senior cadres of
the outfit and were camping at the village for carrying out extortion
| August 17
A joint Police team from Arunachal
Pradesh and Assam, including personnel of 26 Maratha Light Infantry
regiment of the Army, arrested four cadres of the CPI-Maoist from
Mahadevpur area under Namsai circle of Lohit District during an
| August 23
The Centre may have opened dialogue
with some militant outfits, but according to an estimate of the
Union Home Ministry, there are 79 militant groups including splinter
factions, which are active across six North Eastern States.
A detailed list of the militant
outfits furnished by Minister of State for Home Affairs M Ramachandran
in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) reveals that Manipur
has the dubious distinction of having the highest number of 50
active militant outfits in the region including 22 valley-based
and 27 hill-based outfits. One militant outfit, KCP has 12 factions,
while KNF has four factions.
While Assam has five active militant
outfits including ULFA, NDFB, BW, UPDS and KLO, neighbouring Meghalaya
has overtaken the State and now boasts of nine militant outfits.
In neighbouring Arunachal Pradesh, apart from the two factions
of NSCN, NSCN-Isak-Muivah and NSCN-Khaplang, another militant
outfit, National Liberation Front of Arunachal has reared its
head in the State.
Another interesting revelation
is that barring Sikkim, rest of all the North Eastern States are
now affected by militancy. Mizoram, which was given a peace bonus
by the Planning Commission last year, now has three militant groups
including HPC D, HNLF and KLO. Nagaland and Tripura have six and
three militant outfits respectively.
Meanwhile, the Minister said that
there have been inputs suggesting liaison of top leaders of some
of the militant groups in the North-east with the neighbouring
countries like China and Myanmar.
DGAR Lieutenant General Rameswar
Roy said that insurgency in North-Eastern India is on decline
due to domination of SFs, split amongst militant groups, disenchantment
of the people and growing economic activities but extortion remains
a point of concern. He also said that the NSCN factions have not
been adhering to the ceasefire agreement. He said compared to
the killing of 69 undergrounds in 2010, this year just five have
been killed by the Assam Rifles. "Apprehensions have gone down
from 1,132 to 610, while the surrenders have come down from 270
to 155." On the issue of AFSPA and demand for its repeal from
Manipur, Lieutenant General Roy said, "Of the total 56 cases of
human rights violation by the Assam Rifles men since 2002, just
one case has been proved."
Former Union Home Secretary G.K.
Pillai said that the insurgent groups in the Northeast are without
any ideology and can be described as a cottage industry run by
criminal gangs solely involved in extortion racket and kidnapping
| August 31
SFs arrested one NSCN-IM militant
identified as 'Collector' Teliam Panka (39) from Deomali in Tirap
District of Arunachal Pradesh. One .22 mm country-made pistol,
four live rounds and a forged driving license were recovered from
Director of IB, Nehchal Sandhu
formally mentioned China's involvement in the affairs of the Northeast
Union Home Minister P Chidambaram
pushed for continued deployment of SFs to tackle threat of violence
and extortions in the Northeastern region of India.
ULFA and Maoists may try to disturb
the public hearing of 3000 MW Dibang Multi Purpose Project scheduled
to be held on October 24.
Security measures have been stepped
up in Lower Dibang Valley District of Arunachal Pradesh following
intelligence reports of infiltration by some militants and Maoist
groups from neighbouring Assam.
Frequent use of illegally procured
satellite phones in the North East region, calls of which can
be traced by China, posed a grave threat to the National Security.
| October 2
With Tirap and Changlang Districts
of Arunachal Pradesh becoming a hotbed of militant activities,
the Government has decided to launch a full scale operation in
Sources revealed that, both NSCN-IM
and NSCN-K have strong bases in Tirap and Changlang and the militants
belonging to the outfits are engaged in extortion and other illegal
Illegal firearms being channeled
into the North East are going to emerge as a major concern in
maintaining law and order in a region already infested by dozens
of insurgents and subversive groups. Apart from pistols and revolvers,
semi-automatic weapons with considerable fire power are being
brought into the region. At times American and European weapons
have also been recovered from insurgents, which reveal the demand
for high-quality firearms.
Surrendered militants of different
outfits has threatened to go for a 72-hour hunger strike from
October 17 in Agartala Government Quarter Complex demanding CBI
enquiry into alleged misappropriation of fund allotted for them.
Earlier, another group of returnees
had staged a hunger strike in front of the Civil Secretariat on
a two-point demand including clearance of one time financial aid
to returnees under BPS and the vocational training.
Under pressure of the North-Eastern
States, the Government of India is likely to renew its plea to
Myanmar to bust the camps operated by militants of the region.
India is preparing to host the
biggest-ever official delegation of Myanmar led by President U
Sources said India is, however,
likely to press for sustained operations against the militant
outfits operating out of the border areas of the country.
The Myanmar Army had recently
mounted an operation against the militant outfits and destroyed
some camps belonging to NSCN-K, where ULFA had stationed their
| October 16
Taking a step towards closer
security cooperation, Yangon, the capital of Myanmar has told
New Delhi to provide satellite imagery of North East militant
camps based across the border in Myanmar, so that a military operation
can be launched.
Highly placed sources in the
MHA said that the Police and Security Forces in the NE should
always remain alert as the Maoists always try to capitalize on
mass movements to establish their roots and the entire region,
of late, is facing public upsurge on different issues.
A former top brass of the IB,
who did not wish to be named has accused the CIA and Pakistan's
ISI of fomenting trouble in the northeast through insurgency.
He said, "The ISI-CIA combination, active in the region, is fomenting
insurgency to destabilize the region". He added that the ISI was
helping northeast militants to create trouble and the CIA is providing
support. Both CIA and ISI are working to create terrorist groups
in the world." Stating that the CIA-ISI combine was providing
"logistics" to the ultras of the region, he said, "We can stop
this if we go for overall development of the northeast." He said
"some neighboring countries" were harboring NE militants by providing
them a safe haven for setting up of training camps.
A top NSCN-K cadre, identified
as Laitwang Wotey (35), was arrested by SFs in Bank Colony at
Khonsa in Tirap District. Two Chinese grenades and an extortion
note and recruitment letters of the organization were recovered
ULFA-ATF is imparting arms training
to CPI-Maoists cadres in jungles of Arunachal Pradesh.
Two persons were abducted by NSCN-IM
militants from Noksam colony at Deomali in Tirap District.
Two persons who were abducted
by NSCN-IM militants on November 2 were rescued from Bogapani
Reserve forest in Tirap District. The rescue team recovered an
extortion note signed by 'Colonel' Hormi Tangkhul.
SFs busted a hideout and killed
three militants of the ULFA in the Namsai Reserve Forest area
in Lohit District. Two of the three militants were identified
as Kapil Bora and Ramen Gogoi while the third remains unidentified.
SFs recovered one AK 47 rifle and grenades during the operation.
Governments of Assam, Manipur
and Arunachal Pradesh have urged New Delhi to clarify plans to
offer a 'supra-state body' to the NSCN-IM to enable Nagas outside
Nagaland to preserve their identity.
SFs intensified combing operation
in the area under Piyong Circle of Lohit District following the
killing of ULFA militants by SFs on November 17 in the District.
Meanwhile, Arunachal Police have identified certain locations
at Piyong Circle - Nangchow,Wingko, Bamchuk and Janglai villages
along Assam-Arunachal border as vulnerable.
The Centre informed Assam, Manipur
and Arunachal Pradesh that there was no move to grant a 'supra
state body' status to Nagas settled across the North-East and
the negotiators, who have been talking to the NSCN-IM, had never
promised the outfit any such arrangement that may have severe
During an interview to the state-run
Doordarshan television, Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram
said that India needed to be vigilant about militants in Arunachal
Pradesh and those that had sanctuary in China. "We know there
is an arms bazaar on the border of Myanmar and China and Chinese
weapons are smuggled through Myanmar into India," he said.
Insurgent groups in the Northeast
are procuring arms in China and some other South East Asian countries
before smuggling them into India through Myanmar and Bangladesh,
The Minister said India has raised
its concern with China, Myanmar and Bangladesh from time to time
through diplomatic channels on the issue of reported smuggling
of arms through their territories. To check smuggling across the
Indo-Myanmar border, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed
between India and Myanmar in January 1994 for maintenance of peace
and tranquillity in border areas.
Jitendra Singh said that the ongoing anti-dam
stir in Assam has caught the attention of the Centre, as the suspected
CPI-Maoist cadres have been mobilised for extensive propaganda.
The Minister said, "The cadres have been utilised in extensive
propaganda against mega dams in Assam".
SFs destroyed a training camp of the NSCN-IM located
deep in the forest near Longbu of Tirap District.
SFs destroyed a major training camp belonging
to NSCN-K and ULFA in Namchik Reserve Forest near Panchum under
Kharsang circle of Changlang District.
A new militant group UPDF led by 'Commander-in-Chief'
Sumona Munglang has emerged in the State. The objective of the
outfit is to fight for creating an ADC out of nine Circles in
Lohit and Changlang District.
Hinting at links of KMSS with the CPI-Maoists,
Arunachal (West) MP Takam Sanjay urged the Central Government
to ban KMSS in the interest of national security. KMSS is spearheading
the agitation against the 2000 MW Lower Subansiri Hydro Electric
Project in Arunachal Pradesh.