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Arunachal Pradesh Timeline - 2017


Date Incident

January 3

AR arrested a Myanmar-trained NSCN-R militant, identified as 'self-styled corporal' Pingwang Kanglom in Changlang town in Changlang District. The militant had been involved in extortion activities in the District, sources in the paramilitary force said. A pistol and five rounds of live ammunition were recovered from him.

January 6

In a statement, the NSCN-IM strongly objected to India's decision to fence the borders between Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. In the statement, NSCN-IM said that such 'artificial boundary fencing imposed upon the Naga people' was against the will of the people and was gross violation of human rights. Other Naga groups like, NNC and ENDO were also against the fencing.

January 10

One militant of NSCN-IM, identified as self styled 'corporal' Phawang Wangsu was arrested by AR at Niausa village in Longding District. One pistol, live ammunition and opium was recovered from the arrested militant.

January 14

According to the security sources the militant groups having bases in Myanmar have started using different routes of Arunachal Pradesh-Myanmar border to enter into the North East region. Earlier, Nagaland-Myanmar border was considered to be the most vulnerable. Sources said that though some militants are still sneaking to the country through Nagaland, most such infiltrations are taking place through Arunachal Pradesh which is considered to be a peaceful state. Security sources said that most such movements were taking place through the Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The Arunachal Pradesh CM also held a high level meeting with senior officers of the Army and paramilitary forces last month to discuss the situation.

January 23

SFs intensified their combing operations in the border areas of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and busted a militant hideout at Samru area in the State. SFs intensification of operations follows the militant attack at Jagun in Tinsukia District of Assam on January 22.

Security officials said that Indo-Myanmar border has been placed at a state of alert based on specific intelligence inputs about the militants exfiltrating into Myanmar to escape the ongoing operations by SFs. "The stretch of the border from pillar number 168 to border pillar number 173 - from Pangsau Pass to Tirap River - has been put on high alert," a source said.

February 3

An unidentified militant belonging to the NSCN-K was killed and another injured during an exchange of fire with the AR at Ozakho village in Longding District.

AR arrested a militant of NSCN-R, identified as Kamsing Ngemu, from Miao town in Changlang District. According to the sources the arrested militant was involved in several extortion cases in Miao town in the name of 'SS Captain Jimmy'.

February 4

In some declassified reports of CIA of the United States of America, it was revealed that the North Eastern militant groups had been receiving Chinese assistance in terms of arms and training since 1960s. The CIA report was submitted on July 26, 1968 and from the report it is evident that the militant groups of the Northeast were receiving help from China even during that time. The report said that the Naga militants first established contacts with China in December, 1966. The report revealed that the first batch of approximately 200 militants crossed over to Northern Burma (now Myanmar) to obtain arms training in Yunnan.

February 7

In a statement the ANSF accused the State Government of ignoring the safety and security of the people of insurgency-affected Tirap, Changlang and Longding District. ANSF mentioned about the activities of the NSCN-K and NSCN-IM in their statement. They further urged the UHM and Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju to intervene in the matter and take appropriate measures to stop skirmishes and bring back peace and normalcy in the area.

February 12

AR arrested a linkman identified as Alan Rai, who worked for both ULFA-I and NSCN-K, at Old Khamdo village in Changlang District. According to the AR source, the arrested linkman was involved in extortion cases and blank letters bearing names of ULFA-I and NSCN-K were recovered from his possession. During the interrogation, the linkman also revealed that he was helping these two militant groups for four years and had regular contact with the ''sergeant'' Rupam Asom of ULFA-I.

February 13

Protesters belonging to the DHDC and the DDJAC, along with seven other organisations, who were demanding for making Likabali as headquarter of Lower Siang District, set ablaze the office of the SDO (civil) at Likabali. It was the second day of the 96-hour general strike of the protesting organisations.

February 17

AR jawans arrested a NSCN-IM cadre from Khonsa town in Tirap District during an operation. The cadre was reportedly carrying out extortion activities in the District headquarters town. He was found in possession of a loaded pistol, contraband and slips indicating collection of money, official source said.

February 23

AR troopers arrested a NSCN-K militant, Pansai Pansa, from Wakka village in Longding District. One pistol, five live rounds of ammunition and four mobile phones were recovered.

February 24

AR arrested NSCN-R cadre, Ranapio Sampit, at Kharsang in Changlang District.

February 26

AR troopers arrested a NSCN-K cadre, identified as Machow Ngaimong, from Mulong village in Changlang District.

February 27

AR troopers arrested a NSCN-IM cadre, 'lance corporal' Akha Wangsu, from Longding village in Longding District. A pistol, five rounds of A-K series rifles, two rounds of ammunition and opium were recovered from his possession.

AR killed one militant of NSCN-K, identified as Wahang Sumyen, at Lyangche village in Tirap District. A pistol and other war-like stores were also recovered from the killed militant.

February 28

The Central Government of India clarified that it has not signed any final accord with the NSCN-IM though a framework agreement has been sealed. The issue figured at a meeting of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on UMHA, which was chaired by former Home Minister P Chidambaram. Officials of the Home Ministry, briefing the members of the Committee, gave a broad account of the framework agreement, which has been kept under tight wraps. The 'Framework Agreement' between the Centre and the NSCN-IM was signed on August 3, 2015. Home Ministry officials explained that a final accord has not been signed as the Centre proposed to take along all Naga groups and the concerned State Governments of Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

March 7 AR troops have arrested, Naoba Metei (16), a cadre of the Manipur-based outfit KCP, from Kunsa village in Tirap District.
March 10

One militant of NSCN-R, identified as Wangdi Tailong, was arrested by AR during an operation at Jungmaisung in Changlang District. A Pistol and live ammunition was also recovered from the arrested militant.

AR busted an abandoned hideout of NSCN-K at Nogna village in Tirap District.

March 20

AR arrested three militants from different places in two separate incidents. In the first incident, AR arrested two militants of NSCN-R, identified as 'captain' Kampong and 'revenue secretary (industries)' Longkam Tunghang in Changlang District. In the second incident, AR arrested one militant from NSCN-U, identified as 'captain' Khampai Wangsu in Longding District.

March 22

Police arrested three militants of NSCN-K, identified as Dagar Perme (30), Obang Lego (36) and Bobel Lego (32), after an encounter at Kalapani area of Dambuk in Lower Dibang Valley District. One automatic German made HK 33 Rifle along with one loaded magazine and 25 live rounds of AK 47 was recovered from the arrested militants. All these three militants were involved in several extortion cases.

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the security situation in the Northeastern States of India and directed officials to enhance vigil along the international borders in the region. During the hour long meeting, the Home Minister was given a detailed presentation on the prevailing situation in the Northeast, especially militancy in the region. Singh was also told about the steps taken to ensure peace, especially in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur, the four states considered to be affected by insurgency, official sources added.

The MoS for Home Affairs clarified that surrendered militants without any criminal cases pending against them can contest in elections. Kiren Rijiju on the issue further informed that at least 15,314 militants have surrendered under the surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy for the northeastern region. Altogether, 235 individuals are still undergoing rehabilitation under the Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation Scheme as of financial year 2016-17.

March 25

The UHM clarified that there was no decision to carve out Nagalim from areas of states bordering Nagaland. The statement comes after demands from several organisations and political parties in Assam and Manipur that the Centre clarify its position on the claim of the 'general secretary' of NSCN-IM, Thuingaleng Muivah, over the issue of integration of Naga areas. "Some media reports have appeared recently to the effect that the Government of India has agreed to carve out a larger Nagaland State by taking away the territories of the states contiguous to Nagaland. Such reports are erroneous. It is clarified that there is no such agreement or decision of the Government of India," said the UHM statement.

March 27

The AAPSU termed the comments of NSCN-IM 'general secretary' Th Muivah on integration of Naga-inhabited areas as 'disturbing.' The apex students' body of the State stated that the people would not accept any solution at their cost and that of the land of the state.

March 29

AR arrested a NSCN-K cadre, Wanghu Rangshong, from Laju village in Tirap District.

April 2

In a fresh attempt to nudge Myanmar to launch a flush out operation against the militants of the Northeast, India reduced the allotment to its Aid to Myanmar programme significantly and allocated INR 225 crore only this Year (2017-18). In the previous year, (i.e. in 2016-17) India sanctioned INR 400 crore to Myanmar but the indifferent attitude of Myanmar over the issue of Northeastern militant groups disappointed India and this time India has clearly shown its displeasure over the issue, claims the report.

April 4

AR arrested one NSCN-IM militant, identified as 'corporal' Pangchak Arangham, from Rangluwa village in Longding district of Arunachal Pradesh.

April 5

Authoritative security sources in the Union Home Ministry claimed that China has roped in militant groups of North East to launch a proxy war against India. The source further claimed that the recent statement of ULFA-I, on March 28, against the visit of Dalai Lama in Assam was dictated by China. Also, asserting that China was not interested in organizational strength of ULFA-I, the security sources said that China intends to intensify its proxy war against India in the North East through the separatist groups.

April 8

SFs arrested a militant of the NSCN-K, 'second lieutenant' Kijen Rongshong, from Lazu village of Tirap District. The arrested militant was allegedly involved in an attack on SF and also involved in extortion activities, according to an Army release.

April 10

Replying to a question by MP Krupal Balaji Tumane, Union Minister of State for Home Hansraj Gangaram Ahir revealed that insurgent activities in the Northeast along the Indo-Myanmar border saw an increase compared to the Indo-Bangladesh border in the last three years. According to the report, during the period from 2015 to March 31, 2017, terror activities along Indo-Myanmar border increased alarmingly in view of insurgents groups shifting their bases from Bangladesh to territories within Myanmar and China. According to the Minister, during this period, 10 encounters took place in three North Eastern States - Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura along the Indo-Bangladesh border. Even though no casualties were reported in these encounters, a total of 11 suspected rebels were arrested. In Assam along the Indo-Bangla border, three encounters were reported and four militants arrested in 2015. No such incident was however reported in Assam along the Indo-Bangla border in 2016-17. On the other hand, the Indo-Myanmar border has been witnessing steady rise in insurgent activities during the period with as many as 206 encounters reported between militants and security personnel spread across four Northeastern States Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. While 18 security personnel lost their lives, 32 insurgents were killed in these encounters. A total 337 rebels were arrested from the international border in the four States during this period. Among the four Northeastern States sharing Myanmar border, maximum number of encounters took place in Arunachal Pradesh. As many as 81 encounters were reported in that State where three security personnel and 13 militants were killed. During this period, 114 suspected insurgents were arrested. Even in 2017, 13 encounter cases have been reported till March in Arunachal along the border with Myanmar. Union Minister Ahir said the Central Government of India in tandem with Northeastern State Governments has adopted a multi-pronged approach to contain cross-border infiltration. This includes strengthening of border management, multi-tiered deployment along the international border and Line of Control, synergizing intelligence flow to check infiltration and pro-active action against terrorists.

April 22

The annual report of the UMHA for 2016-17 revealed that the security situation in the Northeast had "improved substantially" during the previous year where insurgency-related incidents decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015. "The security situation in the north-eastern states, which has remained complex for quite some time because of diverse demands of ethnic groups and various militant outfits, improved substantially in 2016.

The number of insurgency-related incidents in the region decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015," the report said. In 2015, while there were 574 insurgency-related incidents, the corresponding figure in 2016 was 484. The report also said 2016 witnessed the "lowest number" of insurgency incidents since 1997. While casualties among SFs in the region declined from 46 (2015) to 17 (2016), civilian casualties declined in all states except Assam where it increased from 9 in 2015 to 29 in 2016. The report noted that while Sikkim, Mizoram and Tripura had no insurgency-related violence in 2016, there was considerable decline in incidents in Meghalaya (44 per cent) and Nagaland (43 per cent) compared to 2015. In 2016, Manipur accounted for about 48 per cent of total violent incidents in the region and Arunachal Pradesh experienced an increase in violent activities by 38 per cent, primarily on account of violence by the NSCN-K, the report stated. In Assam, insurgency-related violence continued to decline and 2016 witnessed the lowest number of insurgency incidents since 1997, it added. In 2016, Meghalaya witnessed a 44 per cent decline in the number of violent incidents. While there were 123 incidents in 2015, the figure declined to 68 in 2016.

The report stated that the number of civilian casualties decreased by 33 per cent compared to 2015. Further, while 25 militants were killed in 2015, the figure came down to 15 in 2016. Similarly, only 59 militants were arrested in 2016 compared to 121 in 2015. However, there was no casualty on the part of security personnel in 2016.

April 25

AR arrested an NSCN-K OWG, Wanglam Pansa aka Alam, who was "terrorizing and extorting money" in Khonsa Town of Tirap District. According to PRO (Defence) Colonel, C. Konwer, the over ground worker was nabbed with a pistol and ammunition. During interrogation, he revealed that he was tasked by an NSCN-K cadre to carry out extortion from Government departments of Khonsa Town, PRO added.

April 26

A source from the NIA said that a new militant group of Nagas, named as ENNG has emerged in the Arunachal Pradesh in recent times. The ENNG was formed in January last year (2016) by R. Stephen Naga to strengthen the "Naga army" in 'eastern Nagaland' to have a separate political entity and build up alliances with armed groups of Myanmar. The source said "In the last year, the new outfit has already served over two dozen extortion notes, mostly to contractors working in Arunachal Pradesh, demanding 3 per cent of the total order value as extortion money."

April 27

SFs arrested a NSCN-K militant with arms and ammunition at Longding District.

May 3

The Union Home Ministry has declared three Districts of Arunachal Pradesh - Tirap, Longding and Changlang as "disturbed" area and these Districts will be under the AFSPA act for three more months with effect from today (May 3).

May 5

AR arrested two militants of NSCN-K, identified as 'lieutenant' Wanphai Wangsa and 'corporal' Kekho Homku, from Kunsa in Longding District. Two pistols (9mm and 7.65mm) with ammunitions were recovered from the arrestees.

May 6

SFs killed a militant belonging to NSCN-K in Wakka village in Longding District. Based on intelligence input, a troop of AR launched operation at Wakka village where the militant group was hiding. When the troops reached the remote area, the militant group started firing and bullets were exchanged for half an hour. Kohima based Defence PRO Colonel Chiranjeet Konwer said that, a militant was killed during gun battle and other militants of the group had managed to flee from the area. SFs recovered a 7.62mm pistol with 10 rounds live ammunition and ammunition of AK-47 from the slain militant who is yet to be identified.

May 9

The Union Home Minister will hold a meeting on May 16 to discuss various issues concerning the North East region with Chief Secretaries and DGPs of all northeastern States, where several important issues will be discussed, including granting of citizenship rights to Chakma and Hajong refugees settled in Arunachal Pradesh. Meanwhile, the AAPSU has called on the State Government to oppose any move to grant citizenship to Chakmas and Hajongs.

May 12

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh assured AAPSU that any agreement with NSCN-IM will have the 'sanction and blessings' of all the stakeholders and no arbitrary decision will be taken. The statement came, when the AAPSU 'president' Hawa Bagang and General Secretary Tobom Dai met the Union Home Minister in New Delhi and submitted a memorandum raising concern over the 'contentious framework of agreement' signed between the GoI and NSCN-IM. AAPSU in its memorandum stated that it welcome the Naga peace process but not at the cost of territorial integrity.

May 16

Reviewing the security situation in the Northeast with chief secretaries and DGPs of the region in New Delhi, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh described religious radicalisation as a serious security threat and said if not checked in time; it could lead to terrorism. He also expressed concern over the proliferation of illegal arms in the region and asked the Police chiefs to launch organised campaigns against arms smugglers.

States in the Northeast have asked the UMHA to step up the presence of central intelligence and security forces in five contiguous Districts in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland adjoining Myanmar. These Districts, they said, have emerged as the hub of the last remaining militants in the region. "We have apprised the home minister of the security situation in the northeast and informed him that all militant activities are being controlled from Arunachal's Tirap, Changlang and Longding Districts, and Nagaland's Mon and Tuensang Districts," said a top security official who participated in the northeast security review meeting by Union home minister Rajnath Singh in New Delhi. "We requested him to increase the presence of central intelligence agencies and security forces in these districts," the official added. According to the UMHA report at the review meeting, the security situation in Arunachal Pradesh (the three districts) and Manipur remains a subject of concern, though relatively less than it has been in the past. These five districts also border as many Districts of Assam on the other side, including Tinsukia District, where the ULFA-I is active and has been carrying out strikes jointly with Meitei outfits of Manipur. "The biggest advantage of these five districts is their proximity to the NSCN-K-controlled areas of Myanmar and their highly difficult terrain, which makes patrolling a difficult task for security agencies," the official said.

The North Eastern States which share international borders with Myanmar have collectively urged the Union Ministry of Home Affairs to take up the controversies surrounding the international boundary with the Ministry of External Affairs for early resolution. The North Eastern States raised the issue during a convention of Chief Secretaries and DGPs with Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. Officials who attended the meeting also mentioned about intrusion into Haollenphai of Manipur and confiscation of saw mill components by Myanmarese Army.

May 18

Official sources said that the GoI is all set to grant citizenship to Chakma and Hajong refugees, who have been based in Arunachal Pradesh for over 50 years. Union Home Ministry officials said that while consultations are on with the State Government, the citizenship will not entitle the refugees to rights enjoyed by STs in the State, including land ownership. The State Government has been opposing the proposal of providing citizenship to these communities for a long time and since 1990, the AAPSU has been demanding their ouster from the State. However, officials said that the Centre may propose that Chakmas and Hajongs be issued Inner Line Permits, allowing them to travel and work but not possess land rights.

May 19

SFs arrested a ULFA-I militant 'private' Bikram Chakma, during an operation, at Ledo (Tinsukia district Assam) near Changlang District, along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh boundary. A .22 caliber pistol with ammunitions was seized from the militant. On interrogation, the cadre also revealed the whereabouts of an over ground worker of NSCN-K identified as Tara Chand.

May 20

The 'Eastern Command' of ULFA-I served extortion demand of INR one million to the former State Education Minister Mr Bida Taku at his residence in Namsai District. Mr Taku told the newspaper that another extortion notice worth INR 500,000 was served to his election agent also.

 

 

 

 

 
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