Arunachal Pradesh Timeline - 2013
SFs arrested two NSCN-K militants
identified as 'sergeant major' Wangphiam Letey Lowang and Hangdam
Aboh from Deomali town in Tirap District. Wangphiam was arrested
from Borduria village, while Aboh was arrested from Laptang village.
One AK-47 rifle with magazine, 30 live rounds of ammunition, a
.22 pistol with five live rounds were seized from them.
Both the militants were involved
in kidnapping and killing of businessman, MB Singh of Deomali
town in January 2012.
SFs killed an ULFA-ATF militant,
in an encounter, at Mudoi village in Lohit District.
Three NSCN-IM cadres, including
the "commander" of Khonsa town committee of the outfit and a United
Liberation Council of Arunachal Pradesh cadre were arrested from
Damdam village at Khonsa in Tirap District. Three pistols with
ammunition, explosives, detonators and extortion notices were
recovered from them.
Minister of State for Home Affairs
M Ramachandran stated that insurgent groups in the Northeastern
region are getting arms and ammunition from China. MoS for Home
Affairs, M Ramachandran replied with a "no" when asked whether
the Government has received information regarding assistance provided
by China to separatist groups involved in large-scale violence
that took place in the north-eastern states in recent years.
Arunachal Pradesh governor General
(Retd), J J Singh said the State has remained by and large peaceful
during the year 2012-2013 with a marked improvement on the law
and order front. In his address to the budget session of the state
assembly that began at Itanagar on March 15, he said the Government
was able to largely neutralize the 'bandh culture', which was
threatening to have severe ramifications on the law and order
of the State and on the work efficiency.
"The coordination between Army,
paramilitary and state police forces has been praiseworthy, leading
to the elimination of 13 rebels besides the arrest of 107 others
and a large cache of arms, ammunition and explosive materials
seized during the year," he said.
Another development, he said,
was the weaning away of influence of certain left wing extremist
organizations, which had started entering the state from the plains
The Union home ministry had released
an amount of INR 100 million for logistic support to the existing
paramilitary forces deployed in the State, he disclosed, adding
that the State Government had sanctioned the setting up of an
all-women Police station in the capital city as well as women
Police cell in each District.
An Assam Rifles trooper sustained
minor injuries in an exchange of fire with NSCN-IM militants at
Soha village near Deomali town in Tirap District. The exchange
of fire lasted for about three hours, informed Tirap SP Vikramjit
Singh. The incident happened when the cadres of NSCN-IM launched
an assault on healthcare workers, including doctors, of Soha for
not meeting their ransom demands.
Reacting to the reported exchange
of fire between NSCN-IM and security forces in Soha village, ACR
has asked NSCN-IM officials and cadres to exercise the "tolerance"
and avoid "unproductive engagements".
Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister
Nabam Tuki informed the Assembly that more security personnel
will be deployed in insurgency dominated Tirap, Changlang and
Longding Districts of the State soon. The Chief Minister said
that a batch of newly recruited Police personnel is undergoing
training at training camps and they will pass out shortly. As-soon-as
they pass out they will be deployed in different areas of these
Districts to maintain law and order situation as per requirements,
The Centre acknowledged the fact
that anti-national activities of CPI-Maoist in some Districts
of the north-eastern States are posing a threat to internal security.
In a reply to a question in the
Rajya Sabha, Union MoS for Home Affairs RPN Singh said, "The Assam-Arunachal
border has emerged as another theatre for Maoist activities. The
CPI (Maoist) are trying to establish organizational base in the
Northeast with a view to forge relations with other insurgent
groups to meet its military requirements." According to him, while
Maoist activities have been reported in 2012 in Dhemaji and Tinsukia
Districts of Assam, Maoist influence has been noticed in Dibrugarh,
Sonitpur and Chirang Districts. The movement of the Maoists have
also been reported in Lohit and lower Dibang valley Districts
of Arunachal Pradesh. The Upper Assam Leading Committee (UALC)
of the CPI (Maoist) is operating in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh
and has been involved in incidents of looting of weapons and extortion
from local villagers. The UALC is also engaged in recruitment
and training of cadres of militant outfits in Assam. The foray
of CPI (Maoist) into the sensitive north-eastern States is fraught
with serious strategic implications since it has potential trans-border
MoS for Home affairs RPN Singh
further said that the Centre has alerted the State Governments
concerned in this regard. The Home Ministry is also monitoring
the situation closely and is sending advisories, as and when required,
based on intelligence inputs, the Minister added.
NESO asked Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh to expedite the ongoing peace process with various rebel
groups in India's northeastern states. "The Indian government
must demonstrate its sincerity and commitment to all the ongoing
political dialogues with different armed groups operating in the
Northeastern states," NESO Chairman Samuel B Jyrwa said. "A time-frame
mechanism with a focus for an acceptable, honourable and solution
must be worked out (with the rebels) and there should be no procrastination
towards this the initiative," Jyrwa said.
On the "unabated influx of illegal
migrants from neighbouring countries" that has brought a serious
demographic change in the North East, NESO urged the prime minister
to extend Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 in the entire
North Eastern states. The student body also asked the Government
to take immediate initiatives to prepare a register of citizens
by updating the National register of citizens, 1951, which is
the official the document on citizenship.
A parliamentary standing committee
on Home Affairs has recommended increased pressure on countries
bordering the Northeastern region during trade discussions to
close down Indian rebel training camps operating on their soil.The
Venkaiah Naidu-led department-related parliamentary standing committee
on Home Affairs stated in its report submitted on March that all
trade discussions with the countries bordering states of the Northeast
should include a clause demanding closure of rebel training camps
being run on their soil.
The committee observed that despite
adoption of various strategies to bring peace to the Northeast,
an environment conducive to investments to ensure accelerated
economic growth was yet to become a reality. "The need of the
hour is to undertake confidence-building measures and employment
generation, besides ensuring security and safety of human beings
and their belongings," it stated. The committee opined that counter-insurgency
strategies in the Northeast should be multi-pronged and that Union
development ministries along with the State Governments of the
region could play effective roles in countering these insurgent
SFs arrested two NSCN-IM cadres,
identified as Silai Pansha and Wangsiang Wansha, from Longding
Niru village in Longding District.
Chief Minister Nabam
Tuki said that Arunachal Pradesh is taking all necessary steps
to introduce reforms in the justice delivery system, including
the State Police hierarchy. Tuki said that he has informed the
MHA that the state government has already taken action to implement
the recommendations made by the Second ARC.
CM Tuki said the
State Government has constituted a Police Establishment Board
headed by the DGP. Also, the tenure of SP has been ensured up
to three years, while Director (Prosecution) is monitoring investigations
and enforcement machineries of departments such as State Excise,
Forest, Transport and Food and Civil supplies are functioning
The CM also said
that several such recommendations of the commission were also
acceptable to the State Government, but it would need financial
support from the ministry for implementation. The establishment
of forensic lab, establishment of independent complaint authority
and strengthening of intelligence gathering system, etc. are some
recommendations, which when implemented will have a bearing on
the limited resources of the state and therefore need financial
assistance from the Central Government, he said.
Preparations to hold
the ensuing panchayat election in troubled Tirap District
have begun on a war-footing. In this connection, a meeting was
held at the deputy commissioner's conference hall. It was attended
by ROs, AROs and administrative and nodal officers involved in
conducting the polls. There are seven ZPM anchal blocks and 56
anchal samiti members (ASM) in Tirap. All the polling booths in
the District are sensitive due to the presence of the two factions
of militant outfit NSCN. However, some hypersensitive polling
booths have been identified and security arrangements planned
accordingly, sources added.
A report submitted
by the parliamentary standing committee on Home Affairs in the
Rajya Sabha (Upper House) states that Northeastern region witnessed
an overall increase in violence with Assam and Manipur accounted
for the bulk of incidents. The report also finds the level of
violence in Meghalaya and Nagaland higher than the previous year
while Tripura, Mizoram and Sikkim remained large peaceful. The
report shows that the incidence of violence has risen from 627
in 2011 to 1,025 in 2012 which was 773 in 2010 and 1,297 incidents
in 2009.The report further states that 3,562 militants were either
arrested or killed or surrendered in the region.
panel has contended that socio-economic development may be the
key solution to the ills of the region.
Pradesh Governor General (retired) J J Singh, said the insurgency
problem in eastern Arunachal Districts could be solved only after
a permanent solution to the vexed Naga issue is reached. "The
people of three eastern Arunachal districts - Tirap, Changlang
and Longding - are living in fear due to the presence of cadres
of the two NSCN factions in the area, who resort to kidnapping,
extortion and factional feuds," the Governor said. He said the
State Government had already done everything to build confidence
among the people and make them aware that crackdown on insurgents
could be possible only with their support. "The problem of Arunachal
is directly linked with that of Nagaland. The Centre should immediately
resolve the Naga issue to bring peace and normalcy to these districts,"
He said the problem
could be resolved if the Centre and the respective state governments
implement the surrender policy in the right perspective."We have
not implemented the surrender policy in the right manner so as
to attract the cadres to shun violence and join the mainstream.
The surrender policy should be viable incorporating a suitable
package like training, necessary grants and skill development
for the surrendered cadres to start new self-employment ventures,"
SFs arrested three
militants of the NDFB-IKS, identified as Raiman Khaklari, Jula
Basumatari and S. Narzari, at Bhalukpong near the Assam-Arunachal
Pradesh border. The arrested trio were reportedly involved in
the killing of tea planter Adilur Rahman on November 13, 2012.
Governor Lieutenant-General (retired), Nirbhay Sharma, said the
Naga issue is very complex and it should be resolved considering
the aspirations of all affected Northeast States when asked about
the insurgency problem of Tirap, Changlang and Longding Districts
of the State where Naga rebels from neighboring Nagaland are operating.
Sharma commented, "The Centre is initiating peace process with
the NSCN and I personally hope that the issue will be resolved
amicably." Sharma, who took oath on May 29, said his priority
area would be to develop the State.
One NSCN-K militant,
identified as Pangto Atoa, was arrested by Security Forces from
Khonsa town in Tirap District. The SFs seized cash and a mobile
handset from his possession, the Police said. On receiving inputs
from intelligence that the militant have come to the town to extort
money from a businessman, a joint team led by Assam Rifles and
State Police arrested the cadre from Longding road tri-junction
at Khonsa market, official sources said. Atoa was involved in
many cases of extortion besides firing incidents at Chasa on January
8, 2012, and at Borduria on March 7, 2012.
Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh, described the security situation in the Northeast as "complex"
since insurgency, extortion and agitations continue to exist in
the region. "The security situation in the northeast continues
to be complex, with insurgency, extortion and agitations being
the main disruptive elements in the hands of the insurgents,"
he said in his address at the conference of Chief Ministers on
internal security in New Delhi.
Singh, however, said
there has been considerable progress in dialogue with several
insurgent and ethnic separatist groups in the northeastern region.
"A memorandum of understanding has been signed with both factions
of DHD of Dima Hasao in Assam. Three Metei insurgent groups have
signed a memorandum of understanding in February 2013. Talks with
the NSCN are continuing," he said. The Prime Minister said the
central government was committed to undertaking and bringing to
a satisfactory conclusion dialogue with all groups and organisations
which are willing to give up violence to seek solutions within
the framework of our Constitution. "We are equally firm in our
determination to continue assisting the states of the northeast
to enhance their law and order enforcement capabilities, so that
the people of the northeast enjoy the normal fruits of democracy
and development," he said.
Union Minister for
Home Affairs Sushilkumar Shinde in his address said that SoO Agreements
have been entered with various insurgent groups in the Northeast
and these groups have shown willingness to give up violence and
seek solutions for their problems peacefully within the Constitution.
"Our government is ready to talk with any group or outfit which
is willing to abjure violence and lay down arms like KNO and UPF
in Manipur. Further, Metei groups like URF, KCP and KYKL along
with their factions, signed MoS in February, 2013 paving way for
surrender of their cadres," he said. Shinde said peace talks are
also being held with a number of outfits like ULFA, NDFB-P and
NDFB-RD. These strategies have resulted in steady reduction in
the level of violence. "Moreover, the aforesaid strategy of the
government has also encouraged surrender by militants belonging
to various groups and their participation in the political process.
The central government is continuously assisting the northeastern
states by the deployment of central paramilitary forces to assist
the state police in counter-insurgency operations and upgrading
their skill level", he added.
governor lieutenant general (retd) Nirbhay Sharma urged the people
to stand united against militancy. The governor, who visited Changlang
District, said strong measures would be taken against militancy
when necessary but such situations should not be allowed to arise.
Stating that peace was the prerequisite for development, the governor
advised the officials and Security Forces to be proactive in instilling
a sense of security among people. He said efforts should be made
to bring back the misguided youths, who have taken up guns, into
the mainstream. He asked the gaon burahs (village headmen)
and panchayat (local self Government) leaders to guide them.
Police arrested two
militants belonging to NDFB-IKS, identified as Sanswanga Ajuwara
and Anchal Basumatary, at Bhalukpong in West Kameng District of
SFs arrested two militants of the NSCN-IM and
rescued a government official from the duo, during a joint operation
near the Deputy Commissioner's office in Khonsa in Tirap District.
The arrested militants were, identified as 'Private' Changwang
Wangsu and 'Private' Nyuwang Chama. One Temen Yakyak, a Government
official working in the urban development department, who was
abducted by the duo on an unspecified date, was also rescued,
the report said.
The arrested rebels also had served an extortion
notice to Julie Hamtok, wife of a former Zilla Parishad
(local autonomous body at District level) member of Lazu (Tirap