Meghalaya Timeline - 2017
Eleven traders were abducted by
suspected militants near Gasuapara in South Garo Hills. However,
out of 11, eight traders managed to escape from the abductors.
The three traders, who are still in the captivity of the abductors,
are identified as Tamal Dey (38), Dulan Mahanta (36) and Durgapada
Dutta (35). All these three traders are from Dalu in West Garo
According to the sources, the
GNLA still had 30 active members including self-styled 'c-in-c'
Sohan D Shira and others wanted leaders like Kamdak and Megam.
The Meghalaya DGP Swaraj Bir Singh said, "The GNLA has been weakened
but there is certain nucleus located in separate areas that needed
to be overrun." The sources also said that the GNLA was still
in touch with the ULFA-I leadership.
Meghalaya Police announced a reward
of INR 200,000 on the whereabouts of Reding T. Sangma, the 'c-in-c'
of militant group ASAK. SP of South Garo Hills District, Anand
Mishra, while announcing the reward, said, "Any person who provides
any information which leads to the apprehension of Reding T. Sangma
will be rewarded in cash a sum of INR 2 lakh by the office of
the Superintendent of Police, South Garo Hills."
State Police officials stated that the GNLA militants
had started using children as a shield to protect themselves from
the ongoing operations being carried out by SFs in Garo Hills
Districts. SP (South Garo Hills), Anand Mishra, in this regard,
said, "With pressure mounting on GNLA militants, whose strength
is dwindling, the use of children by the militants has been reported
from parts of South Garo Hills." Police have reports from several
villages that the militants had taken away many children. According
to the sources, the militants are using the children also to get
information about the movement of security personnel and to carry
ration, besides entrusting them to do other menial jobs. The Police
official also said that a Police team had visited several villages
and contacted parents to know the whereabouts of their missing
Abductors released three traders, identified as
Tamal Dey (38), Dulan Mahanta (36) and Durga Pada Dutta (35),
from their captivity at an unidentified place near Telekali Reserve
Forest close to Rongrikkimgre village in South Garo Hills District.
The trio was abducted by a group of criminals linked to Bangladesh
from a place near Gasuapara in South Garo Hills District on January
10. The role of the militant group ASAK also came to the fore
as reports emerged about the abductors seeking the help of 'c-in-c'
Reding T. Sangma to aid in the negotiation for ransom with an
assurance of a share of the loot. The families of the abducted
people paid a ransom of INR 25,000.
Extortion activities, which had been on the wane
since the announcement of demonetisation, have resumed once again
in the Garo Hills Districts, albeit with the activities confined
mainly to the coal belt areas for now. "There were stories going
around about people being kidnapped by militants not for extortion
but for depositing their old notes. It did happen in many interior
areas of South and North Garo Hills, where militants pressurized
villagers to deposit their old notes," said a highly placed Police
source. Some businessmen too of these two Districts may have been
pressured to deposit old notes by the outfits.
Police recovered thirty gelatin sticks and twenty-four
fuses from one abandoned labour camp at Mynpher under Nongkhlieh
area in Jaintia Hills District.
One unidentified civilian got killed in the crossfire
between GNLA and Police in the remote Rongsu Agal area in South
Garo Hills District. According to the report, GNLA militants opened
fire on the Police team which had reached the spot after receiving
information about the hideout which was used by GNLA 'c-in-c'
Sohan D Shira. Police recovered a shotgun and several live rounds
of AK ammunition from the militant hideout.
A GNLA linkman, identified as Tengman D Shira
(25), was arrested by Police in Thapa Darengchi village in North
Garo Hills District. Police recovered one 7.65 mm pistol with
three rounds (Chinese make), 9 mm pistol with eight rounds (factory
made), one Chinese pistol with 18 rounds and four magazines from
the arrested linkman.
SFs arrested one GNLA linkman identified as Thengman
Sangma (25) from Thapa Agitchak village in North Garo Hills District.
Three pistols and 25 rounds of live ammunition were recovered
from the arrestee.
The civilian victim of the crossfire that took
place between GNLA militant and Police remote Rongsu Agal area
in South Garo Hills District on January 19 was identified as Kerok
R Marak (23) by the villagers.
Four unidentified civilians were abducted by suspected
ASAK militant, from Kolapara village near Sibbari in South Garo
Hills District. According to Police, six armed cadre of suspected
ASAK militant waylaid a truck and a bus and abducted the two drivers
and two helpers at gunpoint.
In a joint statement, the CorCom, GNLA, HNLC and
the ULFA-I called for a 'total shut down' in the entire North
East India on Indian Republic day (26th January). In the joint
statement issued by the militant groups asserted that the 'WESEA'
should 'collectively boycott' the Indian Republic Day on January
SFs arrested two HNLC militants, identified as
Samuel Wahlang Pahsyntiew (30) and Hebingstun Khongbuh (18) from
Shillong in East Khasi Hills District. Police said that both are
new cadres of HNLC, but Samuel Wahlang Pahsyntiew was trained
in Bangladesh camp of the militant group.
Three abducted persons from West Garo Hill District,
identified as Muzamil Haque, Biswajit Neogi alias Bappi and Mohammad
Rouf Asraf Ayub, were released by the abductors of ASAK militant
in the Ramchenga jungles near Dumnikura in South Garo Hills District.
A GNLA militant, identified as 'deputy commander'
and working with the 'finance wing' Ninja M. Sangma alias Megam
(23), surrendered before the Police at Williamnagar in East Garo
Hills District. He, however, did not deposit any weapons. Sangma
has informed Police that the finance unit comprised seven cadres
prior to his surrender and has now been further reduced to five
men after another member disappeared a few weeks ago apparently
to form his own group.
Police arrested three militants belonging to ASAK
along with one cadre of the GNLA at South Garo Hills District.
The ASAK militants, who were arrested in between January 31-February
1, were identified as Sahid Ch Marak (26), Lamingstone Ch Sangma
(29) and Jainish R Marak (29).The GNLA militant, who was arrested
from Gare Nawak village, near Nangalbibra was identified as Herod
R Marak (32).
Meghalaya DGP S.B. Singh said that the 'c-in-c'
of the disbanded militant group- UALA, Norrok X. Momin, was not
traceable and probably he was on the run since there were criminal
cases pending against him. UALA was disbanded on June, 2016. Earlier
in December 2015, the UALA signed a peace pact with the Indian
The senior leader of the GNLA militant, Ninja
M Sangma (23) alias Megam, who surrendered on February
1, revealed that there were only 27 cadres left in the militant
group. Furthermore, he revealed that besides these cadres, there
were also five other cadres of ULFA-I militant who were still
working with 'c-in-c' of GNLA, Sohan D Shira.
Acting on inputs, Police raided the house of Raimond
Lyngdoh (30) at Kudeng Rim village under Amlarem in West Jaintia
Hills District and recovered one country-made gun, pellets, one
steel pipe [apparently for manufacturing the gun barrel]. Police
also arrested the house owner.
Police said that the 'chief' of the ASAK militant,
Reding T. Sangma, who is currently on the run, is reportedly using
Bangladeshi mobile SIM cards to avoid detection. According to
the Police the militant leader is also using other modern software
which is easily available in the market to avoid Police tracking.
In some declassified reports of CIA of the United
States of America, it was revealed that the North Eastern militant
groups had been receiving Chinese assistance in terms of arms
and training since 1960s. The CIA report was submitted on July
26, 1968 and from the report it is evident that the militant groups
of the Northeast were receiving help from China even during that
time. The report said that the Naga militants first established
contacts with China in December, 1966. The report revealed that
the first batch of approximately 200 militants crossed over to
Northern Burma (now Myanmar) to obtain arms training in Yunnan.
In a statement, the disbanded ANVC-B threatened
to work against the Indian National Congress party led Meghalaya
MUA-II Government in the upcoming 2018 assembly elections in Garo
Hills area. In the statement the ANVC-B alleged that the Government
had not respected the peace agreement signed by them and the State
Government including the Central Government of India. The statement
further accused the State Government that they had been trying
to 'create division' between the 'leadership' and the general
cadres of the ANVC-B.
The BSF arrested three illegal citizens of Bangladesh
from Baghmara in South Garo Hills District and another one at
Lalghat in South West Garo Hills District. The arrested illegal
Bangladeshi citizens were identified as Mohammad Rukoddin (18),
Sharif Miya (15), Mohammad Ridul Islam (16) and Mohammad Zuwel
Seven workers of a limestone quarry at Sangkini
Dabgre near Sangkinigre village of Chokpot region in South Garo
Hills District were abducted by suspected Garo militants. The
workers were identified as Shyama Rabha, Manoj Das, Dipak Baiswa,
Khitish Rabha, Amulya Kalita, Dinobandhu Roy and Kameshwar Pandit.
According to the Police, the ASAK headed by Reding T. Sangma is
the prime suspect for involving the abduction so far. However,
they are also not ruling out the involvement of Sohan D. Shira-led
GNLA, which is said to have a small number of armed cadres operating
in the Chokpot region.
Clarifying the stand of the present Union Government
towards insurgents groups, the UMHA has indicated to a parliamentary
panel that it is open to negotiations with only those militant
formations that abjure violence and opt for a solution within
the Constitution of India. The Government proposes to adopt a
multi-pronged strategy to deal with extremists/separatists of
the northeastern region. The parliamentary panel in its report
advised that the government should start dialogue with these groups
and address sympathetically their grievances within the framework
of the Constitution of India with an aim of bringing them into
the mainstream. The multi-pronged strategy includes this aspect
Currently, the Union government is engaged in
peace talks with various insurgent groups of the Northeast and
talks are continuing with the ULFA-PTF, NDFB-P, NDFB-RD, KLNLF-
all from Assam, while the NSCN-IM, NSCN-KN and NSCN-R of Nagaland
are under ceasefire agreements.
A total of 23 underground outfits of Manipur,
consisting two conglomerates - the UPF and KNO are currently under
SoO agreement with the Union Government. Three valley-based underground
outfits of Manipur - the URF, KCP-L and KYKL-MDF have signed MoU
with the Union Government.
The Union Government has informed that pursuant
to the policy of talks, various insurgent outfits, including the
UPDS, DHD of Assam and ANVC and ANVC-B of Meghalaya have signed
memorandum of settlement with the Government and dissolved themselves.
As a result, a number of members of insurgent outfits have surrendered
after laying down arms and joined the mainstream of society.
Suspected militants of Reding T. Sangma led ASAK
released the seven abducted limestone quarry workers at Kama Adugre
near Sangkinigre in South Garo Hills District. The six lorry drivers
and a mechanic, identified as Shyama Rabha, Manoj Das, Dipak Baiswa,
Khitish Rabha, Amulya Kalita, Dinobandhu Roy and Kameshwar Pandit,
were sleeping at the quarry site at Sangkini Dapgre village in
Chokpot (South Garo Hills) when they were abducted on February
14. The men after their release walked on foot to reach the main
road early on February 19th morning and further went to their
respective homes. Although it is not clear whether any ransom
money was paid to secure their release, Police is not completely
ruling out this possibility.
'Chairman' Bernard N Marak of the now disbanded
ANVC-B alleged that the account numbers of the former cadres were
submitted without the knowledge of the 'leaders' of the outfit
and described it as an attempt to derail the Garo settlement with
corrupt intention and also to deprive the ex-cadres of their due
packages. According to him on December 9, 2016 former ANVC-B 'leaders'
and senior members had a meeting where all cadres, clarified how
Police made them to believe that accounts were to be submitted
to the Police else they will not receive any packages.
||A team of Special Force-10
commandos, in an encounter, killed a GNLA militant, Walamdaria M.
Sangma, at Riangdim village in Shallang in West Khasi Hills District.
A group of GNLA militants were there to collect tax from coal dealers
||The 'chairman' of GNLA, Champion
Sangma, was granted bail by a lower court, more than four years
after his arrest from an area near Indo-Bangladesh border on July
The State Government revealed that it incurred
a loss of INR 259.4 million in terms of salary to its employees,
including teachers, during the agitations in 2013 called by 14
pressure groups demanding implementation of the ILP system in
The loss was highlighted in the deposition made
before the Special Court dealing with ILP-related case by Commissioner
and Secretary of the Personnel Department L. Diengdoh.
Four senior cadres of the GNLA, including an area
commander, surrendered to Police at Williamnagar in East Garo
Hills. The four militants, 'commander' Sengbat Ch Momin alias
Kamdak, Wesefield Ch Marak alias Dakchak, Joshua N. Marak alias
Kolgrik alias Balmika and Tush M. Marak alias Gotcheng, submitted
three automatic rifles and ammunitions during the surrender.
The BSF has informed the BGB that seven militant
outfits from the Northeast have set up as many as 20 camps in
Bangladesh. Sources in the BSF said the NLFT has 10 camps, HNLC
from Meghalaya's Khasi hills has three camps, ULFA-I and MPLA
have two camps each while GNLA of Meghalaya, PREPAK and KYKL,
both from Manipur, have a camp each.
A Police team included SF-10 commandos, in an
encounter, killed 'c-in-c' of disbanded UALA, Singbirth N. Marak
alias Norok. X. Momin, who was on the run, in a hideout
located inside a forest near Thapa Matronggre village in North
Garo Hills District. The Police team recovered a Chinese AK-47
rifle, a US pistol, one hand grenade, ammunition, SIM cards and
some documents from the encounter site. "The gunfight began when
the armed militants fired at the commandos while resisting to
surrender," Dalton P, Marak, the SP of North Garo Hills, said.
Police further claimed that four others had managed to flee the
spot under the cover of darkness.
Singbirth N Marak alias Norok X Momin, who had
reluctantly participated in the disbanding ceremony on June 9,
2016, allegedly hid a sizeable number of arms from the Police.
In 2016, East Garo Hills District Police intercepted a cache of
weapons and ammunition that were being shipped to GNLA and also
recovered the payment amounting to several lakhs of rupees that
was paid for the weapons. With a red alert against him, Norok
slipped into Assam and began the process of forming a new militant
group with the support of NDFB, ULFA and a section of UALA which,
according to Police, had already been named as UANF.
Unidentified militants abducted a coal labourer,
identified as Azanur Islam, from a coal mine at Era Aning under
Nangalbibra in East Garo Hills District.
The 'chairman' of the GNLA, Champion Sangma was
back in judicial custody due to the case of extortion in Baghmara
of South Garo Hills District, in which he was charge sheeted by
the Police. Earlier, on February 21 Champion Sangma was granted
bail by the lower court in connection with another case.
The 'c-in-c' of the ASAK militant, Reding T Sangma
alias Saljapang, surrendered before Police along with seven other
cadres of the militant group at Baghmara in South Garo Hills District.
The other cadres who surrendered along with Reding are identified
as Tengrang A. Sangma alias Gring (18), Seldom K. Sangma alias
Jorai (25), Pintu R. Marak alias Waira (19), Kiljang M Sangma
alias Amrak (17), Hame Ch Marak (25), Biani Ch Marak (28)
and Tengman M. Sangma (28). Police recovered a German made Heckler
and Koch automatic rifle with 128 live rounds, three single barrel
shotguns (SBBL), four walkie-talkie communication handsets and
22 electronic detonators and explosive powder from the surrendered
A GNLA militant, identified as Chadam Ramed A
Marak alias Mad alias Chitmang (22), surrendered
before Police at Baghmara in South Garo Hills District.
The State Government has made a shift in the Government's
approach to ending militancy in the State. Unlike in the past
when there would be repeated appeals to militants for talks, the
Government is now focusing on facilitating the rebels to surrender.
CM Mukul Sangma announced the appointment of Former
State DGP, Rajiv Mehta, as the State's maiden security adviser.
CM Mukul Sangma, explaining the logic behind the decision, said
that the State required a dedicated and experienced person with
a thorough knowledge of the State and the region while dealing
with internal security. CM further said the security adviser will
give suggestions and recommendations regarding strategies while
dealing with state security, border issues with neighboring countries
like Bangladesh, human rights issues and strengthening Police
organisation, among others. The appointment is for the duration
of one year.
In addition, the SSC has not decided whether officiating
DGP S.B. Singh should be given full charge or if the panel should
opt for a new DGP. The CM informed that the SSC would meet next
week to take a call on the issue. The State is yet to have a full-fledged
One militant of newly formed militant group ARA,
identified as Rohit M. Sangma alias Gettingson Sangma of Karbi
Anglong District, Assam, was arrested after an encounter during
Police checking at Thapa Darenchi village in North Garo Hills
District. He is one of the close aids of the leader of the militant
group William A. Sangma.
An official source of IB said that the ULFA-I
and GNLA have planned to carry major explosions and attack on
security forces in Lower Assam and Garo hills. The IB source further
said that, the outfit groups plan to use professional criminals
and carriers to carry explosives and to plant IED and bombs. After
intercepting telephonic conversation between two top leaders of
ULFA-I and GNLA, IB officials managed to find out the planning
of the outfits. The source said that, IB has already informed
the UHM, Police and Home Departments of both States and other
security agencies about the militants plan.
In a statement, the HNLC militant denied the surrender
option of the State Government and said that it will continue
'the struggle'. In the statement, the 'publicity secretary' of
HNLC, Sainkupar Nongtraw, said that the 'council' has its own
principles and till today they are receiving annual support in
terms of finance, arms and ammunitions from 'anti-India countries'
which when compared is far greater than the rehabilitation packages
offered by CM Mukul Sangma.
The militant 'leader' William Sangma, who was
planning to float a new outfit called UANF, managed to escape
along with three others, leaving his vehicle behind during a Police
check in North Garo Hills District.
The 'foreign secretary' of GNLA, identified as
Briyan R. Marak alias Millam (40) surrendered before Police
without any arms at Baghmara in South Garo Hills District. According
to Police, Briyan played a key part in forging close ties with
the ULFA-I, NDFB and NSCN-U in Bangladesh. Briyan R. Marak's surrender
has come as another body blow for the elusive GNLA 'c-in-c' Sohan
D. Shira after scores of senior leaders and cadres surrendered
in the past one year. The GNLA 'c-in-c' is learnt to be with a
handful (approximately 20) cadres and well armed, stated another
source in the Police headquarters.
Meghalaya CM Dr Mukul Sangma refuted claims by
the opposition that his Government was yet to pay rehabilitation
package to cadres of the disbanded ANVC and its splinter group
ANVC-B. While replying during a debate, he informed that rehabilitation
packages were disbursed to 363 out of the 367 cadres of the AVCB
and 139 cadres of the disbanded ANVC-B. He informed the House
that three of the members of the disbanded ANVC members did not
avail the rehabilitation package while one expired.
Dr Sangma also informed that out of the 139 members
of the disbanded ANVC-B only 11 have been able to take advantage
of the rehabilitation package while 53 cadres their cases were
sent for minor corrections and 74 cadres were yet to submit details
of the bank accounts.
SFs arrested a militant of a newly formed militant
group named ARA, identified as Sengman Ch. Marak alias
Miksal alias Bacheng from Alda Cheran village near Songsak in
East Garo Hills District. A US-made M-4 automatic rifle with ammunition,
which allegedly belonged to William A. Sangma, a militant leader
and wanted criminal who had escaped from Mendipathar Police Station
in 2014, was recovered from his possession.
SFs arrested a militant of a newly formed militant
group named ARA, identified as Sengman Ch. Marak alias Miksal
alias Bacheng from Alda Cheran village near Songsak in East Garo
Hills District. A US-made M-4 automatic rifle with ammunition,
which allegedly belonged to William A. Sangma, a militant leader
and wanted criminal who had escaped from Mendipathar Police Station
in 2014, was recovered from his possession.
Police team arrested three extortionists, identified
as Tengsrang Ch Momin (22), Mantu Ch Momin (35) and Suhrab Miah
(35) from Ampati in South West Garo Hills District. According
to the Police they were involved in extorting money from businessmen
in the name of GNLA.
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the
security situation in the Northeastern States of India and directed
officials to enhance vigil along the international borders in
the region. During the hour long meeting, the Home Minister was
given a detailed presentation on the prevailing situation in the
Northeast, especially militancy in the region. Singh was also
told about the steps taken to ensure peace, especially in Assam,
Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur, the four states considered
to be affected by insurgency, official sources added.
The MoS for Home Affairs clarified that surrendered
militants without any criminal cases pending against them can
contest in elections. Kiren Rijiju on the issue further informed
that at least 15,314 militants have surrendered under the surrender-cum-rehabilitation
policy for the northeastern region. Altogether, 235 individuals
are still undergoing rehabilitation under the Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation
Scheme as of financial year 2016-17.
One senior militant belonging to AMEF, identified
as Raksim Ch Momin alias Arikam (22) surrendered before
Police and Church leaders at Williamnagar in East Garo Hills District.
The militant was a cadre of GNLA earlier and later formed the
ASAK along with another militant Reding T Sangma. He surrendered
in 2014. But he managed to escape from Police custody and joined
AMEF in 2015.
An ASAK militant, identified as Komol Ch Marak,
surrendered before BSF authorities at Dobasipara in Tura in West
Garo Hills District.
IG of BSF (Meghalaya Frontier) P.K Dubey, during
his interaction with media persons, referring to the recent terrorist
raid in Sylhet (Bangladesh) said that any incident that happens
near the border is always a threat. P.K Dubey said that neo-JMB
is acting on the agenda of IS. Reacting to a query if sealing
of Indo-Bangla border was a feasible solution, Dubey pointed out
that there were plans to seal the Indo-Bangla and Indo-Pakistan
borders and since the Supreme Court has given a deadline of 2019
to complete the fencing along the Indo-Bangla border, the BSF
is coordinating with the State government in this regard.
In a fresh attempt to nudge Myanmar to launch
a flush out operation against the militants of the Northeast,
India reduced the allotment to its Aid to Myanmar programme significantly
and allocated INR 225 crore only this Year (2017-18). In the previous
year, (i.e. in 2016-17) India sanctioned INR 400 crore to Myanmar
but the indifferent attitude of Myanmar over the issue of Northeastern
militant groups disappointed India and this time India has clearly
shown its displeasure over the issue, claims the report.
The Meghalaya DGP Swaraj Bir Singh said that fresh
induction of SF-10 will add new impetus to the counter-insurgency
operations in Garo Hills Districts to wipe out the GNLA. He said,
"The SF-10 stand out because of the specialized training modules
aimed at combating militancy". "They are highly motivated and
can stay long in advanced and remote areas frequented by militants",
stated Singh. He referred to the success in virtually wiping out
the GNLA militants in four districts of Garo Hills as a glaring
illustration. Besides gunning more than a dozen militants and
the combat pressure that forced more than 150 GNLA cadres to surrender
in the past one year (2016), the DGP further added while the pursuits
is on in last remaining bastions of a motley group of 18-20 GNLA
cadres, the passing out of the second batch of SF-10 in two months
time will provide more thrust on the counter insurgency operations
in Garo Hills.
Authoritative security sources in the Union Home
Ministry claimed that China has roped in militant groups of North
East to launch a proxy war against India. The source further claimed
that the recent statement of ULFA-I, on March 28, against the
visit of Dalai Lama in Assam was dictated by China. Also, asserting
that China was not interested in organizational strength of ULFA-I,
the security sources said that China intends to intensify its
proxy war against India in the North East through the separatist
Replying to a question by MP Krupal Balaji Tumane,
Union Minister of State for Home Hansraj Gangaram Ahir revealed
that insurgent activities in the Northeast along the Indo-Myanmar
border saw an increase compared to the Indo-Bangladesh border
in the last three years. According to the report, during the period
from 2015 to March 31, 2017, terror activities along Indo-Myanmar
border increased alarmingly in view of insurgents groups shifting
their bases from Bangladesh to territories within Myanmar and
China. According to the Minister, during this period, 10 encounters
took place in three North Eastern States - Assam, Meghalaya and
Tripura along the Indo-Bangladesh border. Even though no casualties
were reported in these encounters, a total of 11 suspected rebels
were arrested. In Assam along the Indo-Bangla border, three encounters
were reported and four militants arrested in 2015. No such incident
was however reported in Assam along the Indo-Bangla border in
2016-17. On the other hand, the Indo-Myanmar border has been witnessing
steady rise in insurgent activities during the period with as
many as 206 encounters reported between militants and security
personnel spread across four Northeastern States Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. While 18 security personnel lost
their lives, 32 insurgents were killed in these encounters. A
total 337 rebels were arrested from the international border in
the four States during this period. Among the four Northeastern
States sharing Myanmar border, maximum number of encounters took
place in Arunachal Pradesh. As many as 81 encounters were reported
in that State where three security personnel and 13 militants
were killed. During this period, 114 suspected insurgents were
arrested. Even in 2017, 13 encounter cases have been reported
till March in Arunachal along the border with Myanmar. Union Minister
Ahir said the Central Government of India in tandem with Northeastern
State Governments has adopted a multi-pronged approach to contain
cross-border infiltration. This includes strengthening of border
management, multi-tiered deployment along the international border
and Line of Control, synergizing intelligence flow to check infiltration
and pro-active action against terrorists.
An angry mob of villagers lynched an unidentified
Bangladeshi citizen, who allegedly crossed over to India over
the suspicions of criminal activities, near Bamonpara village
in Dalu in West Garo Hills District. Despite the strict vigil
being by the BSF, the entire stretch of the border in West Garo
Hills District has seen sporadic incidents of dacoity committed
by Bangladeshi criminals in collusion with Indian thugs.
The joint secretary, Union Home Ministry, in charge
of the North East, Satyendra Garg said that the peace pact that
was signed by the State and the Central governments with two disbanded
rebel groups, ANVC and ANVC-B, will be reviewed in May or June
this year (2017). The peace agreement was signed by the Central
Government of India, the State Government, ANVC and ANVC-B in
Delhi on September 24, 2014.
Replying to the questions of the reporters Satyendra
Garg said that the Central Government of India will not initiate
peace talks with any militant outfit at the moment in Meghalaya.
He said that for the Centre to come to the talks table, the groups
have to first abjure violence and abide by the Constitution. The
GNLA, and the HNLC, had earlier expressed their willingness to
come forward for peace talks with the Government.
The 'former chairman' Bernard Rimpu N Marak of
ANVC-B, in a statement, blamed the State Government for the failure
of the 'Agreed Text of Settlement' signed in 2014 and threatened
that if it is not implemented by September 24, the agreement will
be "burned publicly".
The annual report of the UMHA for 2016-17 revealed
that the security situation in the Northeast had "improved substantially"
during the previous year where insurgency-related incidents decreased
by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015. "The security situation
in the northeastern states, which has remained complex for quite
some time because of diverse demands of ethnic groups and various
militant outfits, improved substantially in 2016.
The number of insurgency-related incidents in
the region decreased by more than 15 per cent compared to 2015,"
the report said. In 2015, while there were 574 insurgency-related
incidents, the corresponding figure in 2016 was 484. The report
also said 2016 witnessed the "lowest number" of insurgency incidents
since 1997. While casualties among SFs in the region declined
from 46 (2015) to 17 (2016), civilian casualties declined in all
states except Assam where it increased from 9 in 2015 to 29 in
2016. The report noted that while Sikkim, Mizoram and Tripura
had no insurgency-related violence in 2016, there was considerable
decline in incidents in Meghalaya (44 per cent) and Nagaland (43
per cent) compared to 2015. In 2016, Manipur accounted for about
48 per cent of total violent incidents in the region and Arunachal
Pradesh experienced an increase in violent activities by 38 per
cent, primarily on account of violence by the NSCN-K, the report
stated. In Assam, insurgency-related violence continued to decline
and 2016 witnessed the lowest number of insurgency incidents since
1997, it added. In 2016, Meghalaya witnessed a 44 per cent decline
in the number of violent incidents. While there were 123 incidents
in 2015, the figure declined to 68 in 2016.
The report stated that the number of civilian
casualties decreased by 33 per cent compared to 2015. Further,
while 25 militants were killed in 2015, the figure came down to
15 in 2016. Similarly, only 59 militants were arrested in 2016
compared to 121 in 2015. However, there was no casualty on the
part of security personnel in 2016.
A suspected group of GNLA militants involved in
an incident of assaulting of a 14-year-old school boy at Dambuk
Atong village in South Garo Hills District. The militants were
crossing through the Rongara area and met the boy at Dambuk Atong.
They started questioning the teenager about the movement of security
forces. Unhappy with his replies, the rebels beat up the boy leaving
him unconscious. The boy was initially hospitalized at Rongara
health centre and later released.
A group of GNLA militant attacked coal-laden trucks
at Tainang area of NH-62 between Siju and Baghmara, of South Garo
Hills District. The firing damaged three trucks but no casualty
was reported. According to the Police the same group of militant
was involved in the incident of the assaulting the 14-year-old
school boy at Dambuk Atong village in South Garo Hills District.
Six suspected Bangladeshi nationals abducted a
youth, Dajied Syiemlieh, working as a helper of an earth mover,
from Nongjri village in South West Khasi Hills District. South
West Khasi Hills Superintendent of Police H.G. Lyngdoh said that
the Police have launched combing operations in order to trace
the youth. "Since yesterday, we have alerted the BSF to seal the
international border," Lyngdoh said.
In a statement, GNLA denied any involvement in
the recent attack on coal trucks near Rongara in South Garo Hills
District on April 27 and the incident of assaulting a boy at Dambuk
near Rongara on April 25.
Terming the agreement with State Government as
a total failure, 'chairman' of the now disbanded ANVC-B, Bernard
(Rimpu) Marak has threatened to burn copies of the ATS in protest
at the Government's apathy. "The ATS is a total failure. Till
date its implementation has not been monitored properly by the
State Government and is at a standstill ever since it was signed.
There has been very little development due to the Government's
lack of interest in its implementation", said Bernard in a release.
Two persons, as Abdul Kalam and Salseng Sangma,
were arrested with FICN worth INR 132,000 [INR 2,000 denomination]
in West Garo Hills District. All the FICN notes were of "very
high quality and only experts could differentiate", said West
Garo Hills SP Raghvendra Kumar. Police are looking for other members
of the gang. "This is supposedly a big gang of international smugglers
who source their FICN from across the international border mostly
through Mankachar," he said. The Police said the gang has circulated
around INR 3-4 million in Garo Hills. The gang's modus operandi
is to mix FICN into the system at local markets and through other
DGP, S B Singh, said that, there will be no negotiations
with militant outfits in Meghalaya and counter insurgency operations
in the Garo Hills against outlawed GNLA would continue. "Our stand
is that there will be no negotiations with any group as also made
clear by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs joint secretary in
charge of North East," Singh said. "GNLA are cornered. They have
been driven out of Durama Hills and they are on the run," he said
adding there would be no negotiation with the outlawed militant
outfits responsible for killing, abduction and terrorizing the
western parts of the State since late 2010.
One militant of GNLA, identified as Bikarias
N. Marak alias Bilkam Bordoloi (29), surrendered before Police
church leaders in North Garo Hills District.
The HC of Meghalaya refused to cancel the bail
granted to GNLA 'chairman' Champion Sangma by the Sessions Court.
BSF DG K.K Sharma said that Bangladesh is no longer
a safe haven for Indian insurgent groups. Sharma, who was addressing
the media at the 8th annual medical conference at the BSF headquarters
in the Shillong, said the few training camps and hideouts set
up by Indian rebel groups, like HNLC and ULFA, in the neighbouring
country have been destroyed by the Border Guards Bangladesh. On
border fencing in the State, Sharma said BSF has taken up the
land acquisition issue with the State Government. At the same
time, he said the border sentinels will introduce high-end technology
to detect intruders. "BSF is in the process of filling up the
gaps along the border by technological solutions - installing
intruder detection alert system that would go a long way in detecting
A self-styled "major of the 1996 batch" of the
HNLC, Combart Syad, surrendered himself before the SP of East
Khasi Hills. Syad (36) is a resident of Karimganj in Assam. He
was a trainer in HNLC camps, sources said. Syad was not carrying
State Police suspect that the 18-year-old labourer,
Dajied Syiemlieh, who was abducted on April 28 from Nongjri in
South West Khasi Hills District, may have been taken to Bangladesh
by the mixed group of miscreants. DGP SB Singh said the information
with the Police is that the worker is in Bangladesh. He said the
abduction was the handiwork of a mixed group of miscreants from
Bangladesh, who have connections in South West Khasi Hills. The
DGP said BSF is coordinating with the Police to rescue the labourer.
A hardcore GNLA militant, Marus Ch Sangma (26)
alias Dotling alias Rajesh, surrendered before the
20th Battalion of BSF based at Dobasipara near Tura in West Garo
Hills District. Marus Ch Sangma was also associated with the ANVC-B
till 2014. He also had links with trans-border criminals from
Bangladesh operating in South Garo Hills District.
SFs are upping their ante as reports indicate
that elusive GNLA 'c-in-c' Sohan D. Shira has started recruiting
cadres to strengthen his fledging group. In this context, State
DGP, S.B Singh said, "After large scale surrender of his cadres
and commanders he was left with around 20 men. He is desperate
to strengthen his group and is trying to recruit and arm more
cadres but our security teams are also on the lookout for him".
Police sources said Sohan Shira has moved his operations from
the Durama Hills across Williamnagar into the densely forested
area of Rongsu and the Balpakram National Park region of South
Garo Hills to avoid detection by SFs.
The Minister in charge of District Council Affairs,
Prestone Tynsong, said the Centre is in the process of amending
the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution so that the number of members
in the GHADC can be increased to 40. The GHADC currently has 30
members. "We are hopeful that the Union Cabinet will soon decide
on the matter after which it will be taken to Parliament," he
The BSF has stepped up its vigil along the unfenced
boundaries in East Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills. According to
an unnamed BSF official the tightening of security follows a complaint
by the Lawbah border area circle of the KSU. The KSU unit had
complained to the DIG and area commandant of BSF about "rampant
infiltration of Bangladeshi immigrants" through Shella, Nongtrai
and Ryngkhu areas. BSF officials said some Indian villagers are
employing Bangladeshi workers in betel nut plantation and farming.
They stressed on the need for speeding up border fencing to curb
infiltration and smuggling of contraband. A large area of the
Indo-Bangla border in Meghalaya is yet to be fenced due to opposition
from the Co-ordination Committee on International Border and local
residents who are demanding that the fencing be undertaken from
zero line and not 150 yards inside the Indian Territory.
Reviewing the security situation in the Northeast
with chief secretaries and DGPs of the region in New Delhi, Union
Home Minister Rajnath Singh described religious radicalisation
as a serious security threat and said if not checked in time;
it could lead to terrorism. He also expressed concern over the
proliferation of illegal arms in the region and asked the Police
chiefs to launch organised campaigns against arms smugglers.
Suspected KSU activists set ablaze heavy machineries,
at Ronghana village in Ri-Bhoi District and also assaulted labourers
engaged in the ongoing Northeast Frontier Railway project. Four
earthmovers, seven dumpers and a vibrator machine were badly damaged
during the incident. Around 10 Police personnel were also injured.
Following the incident Police arrested two 'leaders' of KSU, 'president'
Ferdynald Kharkamni (North Khasi Hills) and 'assistant secretary'
Son Nongkhlaw (central body).
In addition, Petrol bombs were hurled at vehicles
in several pockets of the Shillong city in East Khasi Hills. A
government vehicle belonging to District Sericulture Officer R.B
Lyngwa of Ri Bhoi was attacked with a petrol bomb near Mahari
fuel station. The incident was fallout of the violent protests
against an ongoing railway project in the District. Petrol bombs
were also hurled in various localities, including Laban, Nongmynsong,
Rynjah and Lumdiengjri, starting from 9 pm till wee hours of May
Ri Bhoi Deputy Commissioner CP Gotmare said that
appropriate legal action will be taken against KSU volunteers
involved in the arson and vandalism incident on May 27. The district
administration also imposed section 144 Criminal Procedure Code
(CrPC) in Ri Bhoi prohibiting assembly of more than five persons.
Educational institutions were exempted from the order. The order
also prohibits carrying of weapons by the public.
A fresh case of arson was reported from Jeep Stand
in Qualapatty of Shillong city in East Khasi Hills District. Police
said a group of miscreants hurled a petrol bomb (Molotov cocktail)
at a tobacco shop, belonging to Santosh Kumar Jalewa, partially
damaging the shop. However no injury was reported, Police added.
A case of petrol bomb (Molotov cocktail) attack
on a truck was reported in Umsning in Ri Bhoi District. However,
the damage was minimal as the vehicle was covered with wet plastic.
Ri Bhoi District Police arrested three more KSU
activists in connection with the recent attack at the railway
construction site at Byrnihat. The arrested persons have been
identified as Johny Nongrum, Jayan Sylliang and Sabarthani alias
East Khasi Hills Police have called in additional
forces from different Districts to maintain law and order in the
capital city. District SP Davis Marak said that additional forces
have already started coming and the SOT personnel deployed in
other districts have also been asked to return to Shillong. The
police have also stepped up vigil on roads in the whole of Ri
The KSU has threatened to continue its protest
if the Government does not stop the railway project in Byrnihat.
The pressure group also demanded that its leaders and members,
who were arrested after the violent protest in Ri Bhoi on May
27, be released. KSU 'president' Lambokstarwell Marngar said that
the Government has failed to come up with effective laws to prevent
influx of "outsiders" into the State. "We have all along maintained
a strong stand that it is only when such laws are in place, we
will be ready to talk on whether to welcome the railway project,"
|May 31-June 1
Several incidents cases of arson and Molotov cocktail
attacks suspected to be linked to the ongoing protest against
the extension of Railways to the State were reported from different
parts of the State, including Shillong city in East Khasi Hills
Miscreants threw a Molotov cocktail at a building,
owned by Minoli Borman, at Lumshyiap in Nongmynsong in East Khasi
Hills District around 8pm on May 31. No damage was reported.
After some time, a Molotov cocktail was hurled
at a police requisition bus (ML-05P-8518) at Lailad in Nongmynsong
in East Khasi Hills District. The vehicle was partially damaged.
Later around 9 pm, another Molotov cocktail hurling
was reported from Lower Jail Road in East Khasi Hills District.
Around 11.30pm, a vehicle (MH14 Y 9717) belonging
to Ashish Gundal caught fire at the parking lot of Orchid Resort
of Umiam in Ri Bhoi District. The vehicle was partially damaged.
Further, unidentified miscreants on June 1 tried
to attack the office of the Youth Congress at Pahamsohthri village
in Ri Bhoi District. Incessant rain minimized the damage.
Meanwhile, unidentified miscreants pelted stones
at a Tura-bound vehicle carrying The Shillong Times newspapers
on June 1 night causing partial damage to the vehicle and minor
injuries to the driver in Ri Bhoi District. The vehicle was attacked
at a place between Nongpoh and Umsning.
Forest and Environment Minister Prestone Tynsong
said that the State Government is open to dialogues with pressure
groups to clear the doubts over measures taken to address the
problem of influx in the context of protest against railway. Tynsong
also appealed to the KSU to stop violence and any sort of disturbance.
With protests continuing against the railway project in the State,
Tynsong said the Government is on the job of setting up of entry
and exit points. He, however, admitted that there are hurdles
in land acquisition.
The Khasi Students' Union, North Khasi Hills appealed
to the public of Ri Bhoi District not to cooperate in the Ri Bhoi
silver jubilee celebrations to be held next week.
Unidentified miscreants set ablaze a Meg Mini
Tea Factory of the State Horticulture Department at Lumnongrim
Dewlieh in Umsning of Ri Bhoi District causing huge financial
The UMHA has said that there has been a sharp
decline in violence, extortion and attacks on security forces
in the Northeast in the last three years. As per data available
with the UMHA, only 484 such incidents were reported in 2016 as
compared to 1,025 in 2012 and 732 in 2013. It further noted that
the number of abductions have come down from 329 in 2012 and 307
in 2013 to 168 in 2016. Only 28 such cases were registered till
March this year. However, the number of security personnel killed
in Manipur shows an upward trend with 24 being killed in 2015
and 11 in 2016 as compared to 8 and 5 deaths in 2012 and 2013,
The NDFB-IKS suffered a setback with more than
900 cadres being arrested and nearly 55 being killed in security
operations, according to the UMHA note. The number of such incidents
in Assam jumped to 50 in 2016 as compared to 21 in 2013, the UMHA
The number of militants surrendering saw a decline
with 267 such surrenders taking place in 2016 as compared to 1,161
in 2012, as per official data. Arms recovery was not significant
despite a crackdown as 698 arms were recovered in 2016 as compared
to 1,856 in 2012.
As many as 1,202 militants were arrested in 2016
as compared to 2,145 in 2012. Of this, the highest number of arrests
in 2016 has been made in Manipur (518) and Assam (366) while maximum
abduction cases were reported from Nagaland (51) and Meghalaya
A group of suspected cattle smugglers attacked
a BSF trooper, Krishna Murthy, when he tried to stop them, at
the Hatimara Border Outpost under Mahendraganj Police Station
of South West Garo Hills District.
State Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh said that the
government is willing to talk to the KSU provided that violence
is stopped. Speaking to reporters, Lyngdoh said the government
is open to dialogue, but not under the present condition of arson
and destruction to public property. "Any protest should be peaceful
and the government will consider taking to the group only in a
conducive atmosphere and not with violent activities, including
vandalism," Lyngdoh said. To a question on the release of arrested
KSU leaders, the Home Minister said the government cannot interfere
in court matters.
UHM Rajnath Singh said that year 2016 witnessed
the lowest number of insurgency-related incidents in last 20 years.
"The year 2016 witnessed the lowest insurgency incidents in last
20 years. Such incidents reduced from 824 in 2014 to 484 in 2016.
The number of incidents was 574 in 2015, which was the lowest
since 1997, and further reduced in 2016. The number of civilian
casualties in Northeast has also come down drastically in the
last three years," said UHM Singh in New Delhi. "Sustained security
initiatives during the last three years have brought peace and
stability to the North-eastern region of the country after decades
of insurgency," Singh added.
Unidentified miscreants hurled a petrol bomb
(Molotov cocktail) at Forest Check Gate, 9th Mile, in Ri Bhoi
District. No damage was reported. Police arrested the 'president'
of KSU Nongthymmai circle, Eric Nongkynrih was in connection with
the May 28 petrol bomb attack on Rynjah Police Station. Police
said that interrogation is on to get more details on the involvement
of the KSU leader.
The entire Ri Bhoi District is under security
cover following cases of arson reported from different places
since last week. Ri Bhoi SP R.P Singh said that one more company
of CRPF has been brought into the District and altogether two
companies have been deployed in the District, besides local Police
force. Violence erupted in the District after a group of KSU activists
allegedly attacked the railway construction site in Byrnihat last
KSU 'leaders' Ferdynald Kharkamni and Sonstar
Nongkhlaw, who were arrested last week for violent protests against
the ongoing railway project, were sent to 14-day judicial custody
after they were produced in the Ri Bhoi District court of Chief
The disbanded ANVC-B, in a statement, rejected
the Meghalaya State Government's claim of providing rehabilitation
package to 18 of its former cadres.
Two militants of HNLC, identified as Shibormi
Suchen and Da E Miki Shadong, surrendered before the East Khasi
Hills District Police. According to the Police both the surrendered
cadres joined HNLC in June 2016 and went to Bangladesh for training.
Police arrested three members of KSU, identified as Sabir Jyrwa
(31), Phrang Warjri (26) and Eric Nongkynrih, from East Khasi
Hills District in connection with the recent cases of arson.
Chinese agencies are trying to launch a proxy
war with India by using the militant groups of the North East
region and some of these plans came to light after a militant
leader of ULFA-I, named Ron Asom surrendered recently. Police
sources further said that the inputs available with the security
agencies indicate that the major militant groups of the region
came into a common platform only after pressure from the Chinese
agencies and now they have started operating together.
Two unidentified militants of GNLA were killed
in an encounter with the Police in a forest between Agitchak and
Jogisil villages of Shallang area in West Khasi Hills District.
According to the Police, four other militants sustained bullet
injuries but they managed to escape. A Chinese assault rifle and
a single barrel shot gun were also recovered from the encounter
In a statement, the HNLC threatened to back the
agitation against the railway project in Ri Bhoi District by providing
IEDs to the KSU. The militant group also demanded release of the
KSU members who are in prison in connection with the May 27 violence
at the project site in the District.
Khango Konyak, who is the new 'chairman' of the
NSCN-K, is likely to be the head of the UNLFW, which is an umbrella
organisation of the militant groups of North East. Earlier it
was expected that Paresh Baruah, the 'chief' of ULFA-I might be
the head of the UNLFW. But dismissing speculations about his taking
over charge of the UNLFW, Paresh Barua has backed the idea of
'next-generation leaders' coming forward to take charge after
the demise of NSCN-K 'chief' SS Khaplang.
The Central Government of India and the State
Government has ruled out negotiations with HNLC and GNLA as they
still believe in violence. Stating about the issue, DGP S.B Singh
said that during the May 16 meeting with central officials in
Delhi, it was made known to the State Government that the Centre
is not keen to talk to the militant groups due to their violent
stand. Another Home Department official said that the stand of
both the Centre and the State is that they will not hold talks
with the groups which have been declared banned and terrorist
organisations by the Centre.
With the HNLC threatening to arm KSU activists
with IEDs in the wake of crackdown on the arsonists, the State
Police have started zeroing in on the activities of HNLC members
and their sympathisers.
||The Police arrested two members
of KSU from Mawlai in East Khasi Hills District for allegedly hurling
a petrol bomb at the residents of one non-Khasi person at Forest
Colony, Golf Links on June 13 night. The petrol bomb hurled at the
resident did not explode and there was no damage to property or
any person. According to the Police another member of KSU was also
involved in the incident, but he managed to escape.
Unidentified assailants hurled a petrol bomb at
a hardware shop of Mawlonghat area in East Khasi Hills District.
However, no damage was reported.
Police arrested one KSU member identified as Allan
Khyllait for setting a vehicle on fire at Mawiong Rim on June
CM Mukul Sangma said that the Government is not
interested to sit for talks with KSU until the students' body
abjures violence. Mr Sangma further informed that he had ordered
investigating agencies to probe into possible nexus between KSU
CM Mukul Sangma said that signing peace agreements
with militant organisations of North East by Central Government
of India without State leaders' knowledge is one of the mistakes
that shouldn't be repeated. According to CM, signing of peace
agreement in 2014 with ANVC by Central Government of India, without
the knowledge of State leaders in Meghalaya, was a mistake for
A woman, identified as Supriya D. Momin (22) was
arrested by Police for her alleged links with GNLA militant from
North Garo Hills District.
Two petrol bombs were hurled by unidentified assailants
in a residential area on Thana road of Shillong Town in East Khasi
Hills District. However, no injury and damage was reported so
One unidentified KSU member was arrested by Police
while four managed to flee while intending to commit arson in
an area of Shillong.
The FKJGP, HNYF and the Ri Bhoi Youth Federation
extended their support to the KSU which is protesting against
a railway project and asked the Meghalaya Government to put on
hold works for the Tetelia-Byrnihat line in the State.
The house belonging to Francis Dkhar at Langkyrding
of Nongmynsong in East Khasi Hills District was partially damaged
when arsonists hurled a petrol bomb. Police suspects that supporters
of KSU who are protesting against the railway line may be involved
in the incident.
Police arrested a linkman and gun runner of ULFA-I
and GNLA, identified as Nangsem Marak (36), from Tatolgre village
in Bajengdoba in North Garo Hills District. Police also recovered
an AK assault rifle, two country-made pistols and three shotguns,
mobile phones and a digital camera from the arrestee.
A Police source said that operation against GNLA
militant had been stalled in the state due to the bad weather.
Police also said that the 'c-in-c' of the GNLA, Sohan D Shira,
had left with only a few cadres but he was trying to revive his
group. On June 19, informing about the current status about the
successful operations against the militants in the State, former
DGP Rajiv Mehta, who took over as the government security adviser
also said, "The GNLA cadres are still there and our inspired men
should make every efforts to neutralize them before they making
any attempt to regroup."
Six militants from Assam based ULFA-I and NDFB-IKS
have 'crossed over' from Bangladesh into the Dalu's Killapara
border crossing of West Garo Hills District and surrendered. The
identities of the surrendered militants were not revealed reportedly
for 'operational' purposes. The 'top secret operation' was orchestrated
by Police from neighbouring Assam.
Police rescued an abducted businessman, identified
as Aktar Ali, after a gun battle with the abductors from an area
of South Garo Hills District. The person was abducted at gunpoint
by five armed men on June 22 from his home in Chokpot town of
South Garo Hills District. The identity of the group is yet to
be ascertained although Police doubt it to be the handiwork of
the GNLA militant.
SFs arrested five militants of NDFB-IKS and one
militant of ULFA-I from Indo-Bangladesh border area near Dawki
in West Jaintia Hills District. According to the sources, huge
cache of arms and ammunition were also recovered from the arrested
In a case of arson, four persons, three of whom
are minors, have sustained burn injuries. The incident occurred
at Lad Shyiap in East Khasi Hills District when two assailants
on a two-wheeler lobbed a petrol bomb at a ration shop run by
a person named Shyam Singh.
A GNLA militant, identified as Ading Ch Marak
alias Lukseng Ch Marak, was killed by SFs in an early morning
raid on the outfit's camp inside the forests of the Chitmang hills
in South Garo Hills District. It was suspected that the 'c-in-c'
of GNLA, Sohan D. Shira was hiding in the camp but he managed
to escape and the killed militant was the 'bodyguard' of Shira.
An AK-56 assault rifle, ammunition, magazines, mobile phones,
remote controls and detonators, a laptop, GNLA seals and flags
were also recovered from the busted camp.
The Police forces of various States of the Northeast
Indian region may soon coalesce under an umbrella organisation
to improve coordination and efficiency. A suggestion in this regard
was reportedly made by Assam's DGP, Mukesh Sahay, at the 24th
conference of DGs and IGs of Police of the Northeast region held
in Guwahati on June 29. It was attended by Satyendra Garg, a Joint
Secretary (Northeast) in the UMHA. Sahay said if the militants
can have an umbrella organisation, the Police too can have it.
He said it would ensure better coordination among the Police forces
of the Northeast region. "Like one nation one tax, we can have
one NE one NE police. We need to work on making this concept,
encouraged by the Prime Minister, possible. We are eagerly looking
forward to your recommendations on Nepol," Assam Chief Secretary
Vinod Kumar Pipersenia said. Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal and DGP
Mukesh Sahay also seconded the idea of 'Nepol'.
The former 'chairman' of ANVC-B, Bernard N Marak
urged the State Government to pay INR 2.5 lakh rehabilitation
package to each cadre as 'promised' by former Special Director
General of Police S.K. Jain.
A militant of GNLA, identified as Mustan R. Sangma
(22), surrendered before the Police in the presence of family
members and Church leaders in East Garo Hills. However, he did
not bring any weapon with him.
Suspected Bangladeshi miscreants abducted a person,
Ricky Marwein (34), from Nongjri area of South West Khasi Hills
District. SP, H.G. Lyngdoh said that Marwein is a gatekeeper of
the Hashah clan at Umsur village. A group of about seven miscreants
barged into his room at night with arms and iron rods and kidnapped
him, said Lyngdoh. "They even took away INR 5,000-6,000 in cash
and a two-wheeler," the SP added.
Police are keeping a close watch on the actions
of GNLA militants ahead of the Assembly polls scheduled for early
next year. A senior police official said that the security forces
are trying to prevent any fresh recruitment to the militant outfit
and at the same time the Government is encouraging the GNLA cadres
India has yet again underscored the need to flush
out the Northeast-based militants operating from Myanmar. Commander-in-Chief
of the Myanmar Defence Services, Senior General U Min Aung Hliang
is currently touring India and he called on PM Narendra Modi and
several other ministers in New Delhi. He also called on Defence
Minister Arun Jaitley, besides Army chief General Vipin Rawat.
According to official sources, the visiting Senior General briefed
the PM about bilateral defence and security cooperation. The Prime
Minister appreciated the close cooperation between the armed forces
of India and Myanmar.
The BGB has denied the presence of North East-based
militant camps in the country. Addressing a press conference in
Shillong after the culmination of the talks with the BSF officials,
BGB Additional Director General (North East region) Mohammad Zahid
Hasan said Bangladesh has zero tolerance towards anti-social elements
and the country's leadership maintains a tough stand against insurgent
groups. "These (presence of insurgent camps) are mere perceptions…
We will firmly act if there is any," Zahid said. BSF had raised
the issue of presence of outfits like GNLA, ULFA-I and HNLC in
Bangladesh territory and sought stringent action against them.
Earlier, IG of BSF (Meghalaya frontier) PK Dubey reiterated that
there are no regulated militant camps in Bangladesh which existed
10-15 years back and there is coordinated action between the border
sentinels of the two countries.
The SC issued notice to GNLA 'chairman' Champion
Sangma over a bail application moved by his counsel for the pending
Pynursla case. SC lawyer and counsel for the State Government
Ranjan Mukherjee said informed that more than 22 cases are pending
against Champion out of which he is yet to secure bail in four
The State Government has decided to suggest the
Indian Railway authorities to put the railway project on hold
to dispel all kinds of mistrust and misgiving before resumption
of work. Speaking to reporters after a meeting with the 13-Non-
NGOs, the CM Mukul Sangma said, "We will be indicating to the
railways to hold on the work and resume as soon as comprehensive
measures are put in place which will be very soon."
SF-10 Commandos recovered an AK-47 rifle and 26
bullets belonging to the GNLA after a pitched gun battle with
the militants at Rongjeng area in East Garo Hills. There were
no casualties. SF-10 personals were undertaking a search operation
in the area, following intelligence inputs about presence of the
rebels, when they spotted around eight armed rebels near a stream
outside the village of Chambildam, which falls under the jurisdiction
of Rongjeng police station, around 8 am. The rebels opened fire
leading to a brief exchange before they escaped.
State Chief Secretary Y. Tsering said that there
will be no let-up in operations against militants in Garo Hills
region. With the sustained operations, the situation has improved
in Garo Hills but the government will not be complacent, Tsering
said. He also appreciated the efforts of DGP SB Singh and his
team in maintaining law and order, especially in the Garo Hills
region. To a question, the chief secretary said the issues related
to the rehabilitation of surrendered militants are under the examination
of the department concerned.
A GNLA militant, Hembone T. Sangma, surrendered
before Superintendent of Police South Garo Hills Abraham T. Sangma.
SFs killed a GNLA militant during an encounter
at Gare Ringdi village in South Garo Hills District. Another two
rebels were injured but managed to escape. SFs recovered one pistol
along with live ammunitions, GNLA demand notes, GNLA seals, diaries
and six mobile phones from the spot.
Suspected GNLA militants had brutally beaten
up two men at Halwa Bilda village in South Garo Hills District.
GNLA militants suspected the duo as police informers.
Suspected GNLA militants killed a 53 year old
farmer in South Garo Hills District. South Garo Hills Superintendent
of Police Abraham T. Sangma said that four GNLA militants went
to Olget R. Marak's house at Oripur, Dambuk Aga, in South Garo
Hills, around 2am.
Chief Security Advisor to the Government of Meghalaya,
Rajiv Mehta has asserted that GNLA is well past its prime and
it is just a matter of time before it is totally obliterated by
security forces. Mehta also tried to downplay the "super cop"
tag, stating that he was merely sharing his expertise to handle
the insurgency problem in Garo Hills. The second batch of Meghalaya
Police's SF-10 commando force is scheduled to a pass out on August
GHSMC submitted a memorandum to Prime Minister
Narendra Modi demanding creation of Garoland, to be carved out
of tribal Garo inhabited areas in Meghalaya and Assam. Stating
that Garo people were unanimously demanding creation of Garoland
state, contiguous to state of Assam and Khasi Hills for Garo people,
the GSHMC said, "We demand Garoland state to include original
lands inhabiting by Garo people in Assam and Khasi Hills presently
SF-10 with 152 commandos and a Unit of 50 recruits
in Law and Order Riot Control were formally inducted after the
passing out parade at APTC in Mawiong. CM Mukul Sangma witnessed
the parade as the chief guest. On the occasion, CM Sangma said
that there will be continuous recruitment in the Police force
and about 2,751 vacancies are to be filled.
CM Mukul Sangma said that the rehabilitation package
meant for disbanded groups is under examination. Speaking to mediapersons,
Sangma said, "There are certain technicalities which need to be
addressed and in the process there have been delays. These aspects
have been shared with the police headquarters." The statement
came a day after the ANVC-B accused the State Government of intentionally
delaying the rehabilitation package for them.
GNLA's senior commander and third in the hierarchy
of the outfit, Baltush N Marak, surrendered at Chokpot in South
Garo Hills. Baltush N Marak was the 'area commander' in the coal-belt
of Nangalbibra in South Garo Hills District and West Khasi Hills
GNLA 'commander-in-chief', Sohan D Shira, who
fled to Bangladesh in June, has returned to Garo Hills. A series
of setbacks at the hands of Meghalaya police commandos in the
recent weeks has pushed GNLA to the corner. Sohan was forced to
flee into neighbouring Bangladesh following an encounter at Rongsu
in South Garo Hills on June 27 during which his personal bodyguard,
Lukseng Ch Marak, was killed and the elusive rebel leader was
saved by a whisker.
The Union Government extended the disturbed area
under the AFSPA for one more month, citing various violent activities
by insurgent groups ULFA, NDFB, and others. "The Union Home Ministry
also declared Meghalaya's border areas adjoining Assam consisting
20 kilometre belt, and three districts in Arunachal Pradesh as
"disturbed" under the AFSPA for two more months with effect from
August 3 to September 30. In separate gazette notifications, the
Home Ministry said entire Assam has been declared "disturbed"
under the AFSPA with effect from August 3 till August 31. The
three districts of Arunachal Pradesh - Tirap, Changlang and Longding
- and areas falling within the jurisdiction of 14 Police Stations
in nine other Districts of the State were also declared as 'disturbed'
with effect from August 4 to September 30. The 14 Police Stations
fall under the Districts of Papumpare, West Siang, East Siang,
Lower Dibang Valley, East Kameng, West Kameng, Namsai, Lohit and
The Grand Council of Chiefs of Meghalaya will
be meeting to demand the inclusion of the Instrument of Accession
and Annexed Agreement in the Constitution as in the case of Jammu
& Kashmir. The Grand council consists of the Federation of Khasi
States and various other traditional bodies Will also to commemorate
the 69th anniversary of the signing of accession agreement.
Seven armed militant formations called a 12 hour
shut down strike on August 15, in the entire North East India,
which they term as WESEA to ban celebration of Indian Independence
Day. The total ban on the celebration of Indian Independence Day
was made in a joint statement signed by 'publicity secretary',
HNLC, Ksh Laba Meitei, 'president', KCP, Jiban Singh Koch, 'chairman',
KLO, N.Oken, 'chairman', KYKL, B..R Ferengga, 'general secretary',
NDFB-S, Sengphui Borok, 'organizing secretary', NLFT and J K Lijang,
A group of GNLA militants hiding in a village
managed to escape following a gun battle with SF-10 commandos
in West Khasi Hills District. The commandos launched a search
operation after they received intelligence inputs about the rebels
hiding at Dymmit village, sources in SF-10 and Rongkhugre VDP
said. However, when the commandos came near the hideout, the militant
on guard saw them and alerted others. The rebels then opened fire
and the commandos fired back in retaliation. But the militants
managed to escape.
A group of armed GNLA cadres assaulted five persons
in Dymmit village a West Khasi Hills District. This comes a day
after SF-10 commandos busted a hideout.
Security experts believe that recent reports of
GNLA cadres torturing individuals are due to their frustration
resulting from lack of co-operation on the part of the villagers.
There were two instances in South Garo Hills and West Khasi Hills
Districts where villagers were tortured after they were accused
of being Police informers. Rejecting the militants' claims, a
senior Police official overseeing counter insurgency operations
in the area said, "Can they prove that those people they had beaten
up are police informers?"
The Police official said that GNLA cadres numbering
around 20 have been shunting between the tough terrains of South
Garo Hills and West Khasi Hills in recent months. GNLA's dreaded
self-styled 'commander-in-chief' Sohan D Shira, along with a well
armed group numbering around eight, is understood to be within
the periphery of the thick jungles bordering the two Districts.
While many of the top GNLA cadres have either surrendered or have
been killed in exchange of fire with SFs, Shira continues to be
elusive. Known for his notoriety since his days with the ANVC,
Shira was an 'area commander' of the now disbanded organisation
in the 1990s, before he formed the GNLA.
Police recovered an UAV and an inflatable boat
among other things from a hideout of the GNLA at Riangdim Nengdawak
forest in West Khasi Hills District. "The recovery is unique this
time, we are examining the recovered items to know the motive
of the militants," DGP SB Singh said. The DGP further said the
UAV appears to be made in China. Besides the inflatable boat and
drone, the search team found 82 rounds AK ammunition, three life
jackets, two claymore mines, one tent and a magazine pouch.
A GNLA cadre, Sengku M Momin (21), surrendered
to Police at Adokgre anti-dacoity camp in North Garo Hills District.
Police said that Sengku was with GNLA 'commander-in-chief 'Sohan
D Shira at Wagara and ULFA-I militant Manoj Rabha alias
Drishti Rajkhowa during the Dymmit encounter on August 16. Sengku,
who worked as a courier, further revealed that GNLA cadres had
come to Adokgre village to recruit cadres 15 days before the Dymmit
GNLA 'commander-in-chief' Sohan D Shira is forcing
young men to join the outfit to strengthen his 'foot soldiers'
group reveled a surrendered GNLA militant.
A proposal has been sent to the Union Government
for aerial manning of two BoP in West Jaintia Hills District by
the BSF. BSF Inspector General (IG- Meghalaya) P.K. Dubey said
since Hingaria and Huroi border outposts in Jaintia Hills are
inaccessible by land, a proposal was sent to the Union Ministry
of Home Affairs (UMHA) for providing assistance for aerial manning."We
are looking at aerial assistance to the personnel posted in these
BOPs by helicopters which can provide ration and other materials
as airdropping of essential things save time," Dubey said.
Police recovered a large quantity of arms and
ammunition belonging to GNLA militants from at Riangdem - Nengdawak
and Wakphangram jungle in West Khasi Hills District. During the
search, Police recovered weapons including one INSAS rifle, 86
AK live ammunition, and 1 kg of gelatin sticks from the area.
Also, AK 47 ammunition, a hand grenade, ten SBBL ammunition, one
magazine pouch and one camouflage pant were recovered from the
compound of a house at Wakphangram.
The Supreme Court dismissed the special leave
petition moved by the Meghalaya Government for cancellation of
bail granted to GNLA 'chairman' Champion Sangma by the Meghalaya
High Court since the hearing in the case will be held on September
4 at the Sessions Court, Shillong.
Two Over Ground Workers of GNLA, identified as
Gonam Ch Momin (19) and Walseng T Sangma (24), surrendered at
Williamnagar Police Station in East Garo Hills District. Police
said that they worked with GNLA since November 2015.
Police recovered firearms and ammunition from
a GNLA hideout after an encounter in the forests near Keni Badimagre
village of Chokpot in South Garo Hills District. SP, Abraham T
Sangma said there were around 14 militants but it could not be
confirmed whether GNLA 'commander-in-chief' Sohan D Shira was
with them. However, villagers claimed to have seen as many as
21 armed men before the encounter. The Police recovered an AK
47, three magazines, 90 rounds of AK ammunition, a LMG magazine,
SMG ammunition and GNLA flag, besides some incriminating documents.
BSF in the Meghalaya frontier has increased its
surveillance and patrolling along the international border following
the exodus of Rohingyas from Myanmar to Bangladesh
Police recovered two IED s from the Kenibadima
village in South Garo Hills District
Unidentified armed men abducted the driver of
an excavator, identified as Robin Rabha (27), from Mellim village
in West Garo Hills.
The East Khasi Hills District Police is concerned
about HNLC having links with other banned outfits of Assam. Earlier,
SFs busted a hideout of the Meghalaya based HNLC and arrested
five militants at multiple locations in West Karbi Anglong District
on September 18-19.
Two close aides of the outfit's chief, Sohan D
Shira, of the GNLA, surrendered before the acting SP, Ringrang
TG Momin, with arms at Williamnagar in East Garo Hills District.
East Garo Hills Police said the duos from the 6th batch of the
outfit have been identified as Chanchan Ch Momin alias Gonggaram
alias Teenfoot (22) of Rapdikgre and Challang C Marak alias
Rongpak (21) of Adugre. A pistol and a revolver were handed over
to the Police. During interrogation, the duo said they were unable
to bear the hardships posed by continued Police operations and
were forced to surrender. They also told Police that the outfit's
cadres were facing financial crunch as the money collected was
being managed by GNLA 'chief' Sohan alone.
A GNLA cadre, identified as Tengrak M Sangma alias
Adram, who was part of the 6th batch of recruits was surrendered
without arms before East Garo Hills Police. SP of East Garo Hills,
RTG Momin informed that Tengrak M Sangma gave himself up at Williamnagar.
Tengrak M Sangma had joined the militant outfit in 2014.
A close aide of the GNLA 'chief' Sohan D Shira,
was arrested from remote Dosogre village in South Garo Hills District.
Acting on specific information, a special team was deputed to
the village and after conducting raids, the cadre identified as
Bande Ch Marak alias Border was arrested. A close aide
of Sohan since he joined in 2012, Bande was present during the
last two encounters with Police in the District although he managed
to escape during an encounter in Rongsu two months ago, SP, Abraham
Sangma said. According to preliminary investigation, Bande was
part of the group that ambushed Police personnel a few years ago
where several Policemen had been killed both at Kolapara and Panda
ambushes, the SP added.
Police recovered sophisticated arms along with
ammunition from the forest in Dosogre Chipitgittim area of South
Garo Hills District. The GNLA cadre, Bande Ch Marak who was arrested
on September 29 from South Garo Hills District led to the recovery
of arms and ammunition which the GNLA cadre had hidden in the
village from where he was arrested.
A 17-year-old cadre of HNLC from Lakadong village
in East Jaintia Hills District surrendered without arms before
Surrendered GNLA cadres under the banner, UPWS,
expressed concern over the delay in providing rehabilitation packages
to cadres even after more than a year.
UMHA has brought down the range of 'disturbed
area' under the controversial Armed Forces [Special Powers] Act
(AFSPA) 1958 in Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh following improvement
in the law and order situation.
Surrendered ANVC-B cadres who are yet to receive
their rehabilitation package have expressed disappointment over
the Meghalaya Government's delay to act on the matter. Pointing
out that those cadres who are yet to receive the package are finding
it difficult to start a new life, they urged the government to
speed up the process of releasing the same. The cadres have also
sought the intervention of NGO and Church leaders on the matter.
Five ULFA-I and GNLA militants were arrested during
an operation carried out recently by Meghalaya and Assam Police.
The two ULFA-I militants were identified as Simanta Rabha and
Kusha Rabha of Rongjuli area of Goalpara District and were arrested
from the same area. The GNLA cadres are Pillar Sangma, Philip
Sangma and Nobin Sangma, the trio was arrested from Williamnagar
in East Garo Hills. The modus operandi was such that GNLA Overground
Workers would identify potential victims, in this case coal dealers
and other businessmen, in the Nangalbibra-Jadigittim coal region
of South Garo Hills and they were directed to deliver the money
GNLA 'commander-in-chief' Sohan D Shira is banking
on his ally, the ULFA-I to fill the void left by his men who deserted
him in large numbers to surrender. ULFA's 'deputy commander-in-chief'
Manoj Rabha aliasDristiRajkhowa is reportedly trying to import
ULFA cadres from neighbouring Assam and even Bangladesh to strengthen
the group. According to Meghalaya police, as many as three cadres
based in Bangladesh have crossed over and joined the ULFA ranks
in GNLA hideouts.
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs has set a deadline
to complete the fencing of India-Bangladesh border by March 2019.
Disclosing this, a top unnamed Government official said on October
11 that the government has sanctioned the order to fence 3,326
Kilometre (km) of the 4,096 km long India-Bangladesh border.
The State Government will keep vigil in the run-up
to the Assembly polls in the wake of recent reports of ULFA-I
gaining ground in Garo Hills with the support of GNLA. Chief Secretary
Y Tsering said though Police have control of law and order in
Garo Hills, the Assam-based militant groups, especially ULFA-I,
may become more active during the polls.
The BSF Meghalaya Frontier IG P.K. Dubey said
that fencing was necessary for the security of border residents.
"In areas where fencing has been completed, we have been able
to put a more effective check on smuggling and militancy. It (fencing)
will help in border surveillance," he said. Informing that about
90km of unfenced areas remain in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills,
Dubey said around INR 110 crore has been deposited with the Meghalaya
Government for the purpose of acquiring land for fencing.
Surrendered militants belonging to the GNLA,
ANVC-B, AMEF, LAEF and others from North Garo Hills came together
under the banner of the A'chik Welfare Organisation (AWA) and
organised a one day awareness campaign on environment at Chirimdare
under Mendipathar Police Station of North Garo Hills District.
Under the new initiative, the members of AWA along with the villagers
of Chirimdare plan to start joint efforts of plantation programmes
beginning from the first week of June next year till their dream
of 'clean and green' is achieved.
According to a statistics available with the
UMHA, as many as 37 persons including nine SFs personnel were
killed in the insurgency related violence in the Northeast region
over the last seven months. Official statistics revealed that
28 civilians and nine security personnel were killed in 204 insurgency
related violence across the Northeastern States. As many as 57
persons were also abducted this year up to July 31st.
SFs are on their toes following reports of recruitment
of youth by the insurgent outfits in the landlocked Northeastern
The HNLC 'publicity secretary' Saiñkupar Nongtraw
stated that it was keeping a low profile as it was preparing implement
its hit list that is topped by the incumbent Chief Minister (CM),
Mukul Sangma. "The CM is also included into the top hit list.
In case, if he loses the 2018 upcoming legislative assembly elections
he shall become very vulnerable and it will be easy for us to
hunt him down..
Director General of Police SB Singh asked the
State intelligence agencies to assess the threat perception to
Chief Minister Mukul Sangma and Cabinet Minister Ampareen Lyngdoh
following the statement by militant group HNLC.
Assam and Meghalaya Police in a joint operation
arrested five militants, including three militants of GNLA and
two from TLA from Salang area in East Jaintia Hills District.
The five arrested were identified as 'commander' Motilal Deori,
Sourav Deka (TLA cadre), Khasang .A. Marak (GNLA), Smart .A. Marak
(GNLA) and Arween .A. Marak (linkmen GNLA). The 'commander' of
TLA, Motilal Deori had issued an extortion note to Tiwa Autonomous
Council (TAC), Chief Executive Member (CEM) Paban Manta demanding
INR 5 million.
Suspected GNLA militants abducted a Nokma
(traditional Garo Village headman) of Rongding Awe village under
Nangalbibra Police Station in South Garo Hills District.
The GHSMC took out a public rally in Tura to press
for their demand for a separate state to be carved out of Meghalaya.
"The struggle for a Garoland state did not start in 1912 but has
been a demand since the time of Late Sonaram Sangma, the first
Garo political leader from the time of the British rule," said
Niman Ch Marak, 'Chairman' of the GHSMC which is leading the separate
state demand. A supporter for the Gorkhaland state which is currently
being demanded from West Bengal, Joydeep Chetry called on the
people of Garo Hills to give their unflinching support for the
Garoland demand. "Just as we are fighting for Gorkhaland, so too
are the people of Garo Hills fighting for Garoland. We give our
support for this movement," said Chetry.
Meghalaya Government reiterated that the members
of banned militant groups should come over ground and take advantage
of the rehabilitation programmes of the Government.
Speaking to media persons after holding the meeting
of the State Security Commission here on Friday , Chief Minister,
Mukul Sangma said "In view of our past experiences, we say them
to resort to peace and besides sustaining it, members of the any
outfit should withdraw themselves from their organisations and
assimilate with the national mainstream." Mukul Sangma added that
if the State Government wanted to negotiate with the outfits.
Firstly, it has to discuss the matter with Government of India.
CM Mukul Sangma also said that even the Union Government had made
it clear that there would be no talks with the militant outfits
unless they gave up arms. On being asked about the overall law
and order situation in Garo Hills, Sangma informed that the Government
would strengthen the Police to deal with the challenges of militancy
and terrorism. "There will be some intervention and support to
Police," Sangma said.
The 'finance secretary' of militant outfit NSCN-K,
Inovi Avika Assumi, was arrested from Demseiniong area in Shillong
city in East Khasi hills District.