Union Cabinet approved an agreement
between India and Myanmar on land border crossing which the government
said would enhance economic interaction between people of the
two countries There are already free movement rights for people
ordinarily residing in the border areas of both countries.
The agreement will also facilitate
movement of people on the basis of valid passports and visas which
will enhance economic and social interaction between the two countries,
a statement said. It is expected to provide connectivity and enhance
interaction of the people from north-eastern states of India with
those of Myanmar. The agreement will safeguard the traditional
rights of the largely tribal communities residing along the border
which are accustomed to free movement across the land border,
the statement read.
The Union Government has asked the four states
that share unfenced border with Myanmar to distribute "border
pass" to all the residents living within 16 km from the boundary
line. It has also asked the governments of Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram to enroll the border residents under
Aadhaar (unique identity card) on war footing
An Individual identified as Jitua Tongchongya
was seriously injured in a landmine blast near Mizoram-Myanmar
border pillar number two.
An unidentified man was wounded in an IED explosion
in an unspecified location in south Mizoram along the Indo-Myanmar
UMHA is considering creating a 29-battalion India-Myanmar
Border Force from AR and ITBP to curtail smuggling, gun running
and insurgent activities. The new force will patrol right up to
the border. Currently, the 46-battalion strong AR guards the border
but patrols up to 500 meters from the so-called zero line, which
leaves the border partly porous. AR will be paired with 4 battalions
from ITBP to form the new force, with ITBP in charge. This will
result in ITBP not only patroling the 3,488-km LAC with China
but also the border with Myanmar.
An Indian national Jitua Tongchongya who was
severely injured by a landmine along Indo-Myanmar border on January
SP of Police Lawngtlai stated that over 1,400
Myanmarese nationals who took refuge in Mizoram's Lawngtlai district
following clash between Arakan militants and the Army in November
2017 have refused to return to Myanmar.
The refugees were mainly from the border villages
of Varang, Paletwa, Pakangwa and Mulaw in Myanmar's Chin state.
On December 2017, authorities had stated that registration of
1,600 Myanmarese nationals have been undertaken to ascertain the
number of refugees in Lawngtlai.
AR BDS team has been deployed along Myanmar border
after two landmine fatalities along the border area in January.
Mizoram Government has started to repatriate over
32,000 Bru people from six relief camps in neighboring Tripura
from the first week of March 2018. GoI has released INR 79 million
as the first installment for the repatriation expenditure; while
the State Government estimated that over INR 123 million would
be required for the purpose. An inspection team of officials of
UMHA and State officials would visit the relief camps in February
to identify the Brus, who are willing to return to Mizoram, and
those who are not. Brus of Mizoram fled to North Tripura due of
communal tension triggered by the murder of a forest official
by Bru militants on October 21, 1997.
Peace talks between the Mizoram government and
H. Zosangbera faction of HPC-D is likely to be resumed this month.
Mizoram Home Minister R. Lalzirliana said officials of the Home
department and other concerned departments including ministers
will meet on February 5 over the ongoing peace parleys to decide
and fix the date for next round of talks. The next round of peace
talks would be a political level talk, he stated
Mizoram Home minister R. Lalzirliana said that
State Government would hold peace talks stated with H. Zosangbera
led HPC-D on March 5. However the minister cautioned that 'The
next round of peace talks will be on a political level but we
are not sure whether we will be able to settle all issues within
March . But we are desirous of solving the Hmar problems
and sign an agreement as soon as possible.'
MBDPF the apex body of Bru refugees lodged in
six relief camps in Tripura has recently submitted a memorandum
to Indian Prime Minister and Union Minister for Home Affairs.
The memorandum stated that refugees had not received cash assistance
from the Government since July 2017. The MBDPF also made several
demands including allotment of minimum five acres to each family
after repatriation to Mizoram and enhancement of rehabilitation
and resettlement package.
Mizo Zirlai Pawl lodged a complaint with Kawnpui
Police against six Chakma families allegedly residing illegally
in an area under Hortoki village council in Kolasib District.
The students union claimed that the six Chakma families who came
from neighbouring Assam were illegally residing in makeshift huts
at Hrangakai Suar and Rawthla Li Zawn in Hortoki in Kolasib District.
State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana said that first
political level talks between HPC-D Mizoram Government is optimistic
about the outcome of the ongoing peace talks between Government
and Hmar militants as it is nearing the final stage with good
prospects" said State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana.
HPC-D expressed optimism that political-level
talks with the Mizoram government in March would yield a solution
to the Hmar problem. The militant leaders, based in Manipur, said
that they were yet to decide on the members of the delegation
while confirming that the 'working president' of the insurgent
group, Lalthalien Hmar, would be in the delegation and would continue
to be the spokesperson. The first round of political level talks
is scheduled for March 5 in Aizawl. The talks, initially proposed
to be held before Christmas last year, got delayed as Mizoram
Chief Minister Lal Thanhawala constituted a three-member committee
of legislators to examine the draft legislation on the formation
of Sinlung Hills Council. The talks held in August 2016 and September
2017 mainly revolved around giving more autonomy to the existing
Sinlung Hills Development Council.
MoS for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju stated that
GoI has revised stipend amount and fixed deposit for the surrendered
militants in Northeast. The new surrender scheme will come into
effect from April 2018. The monthly allowance would be increased
from INR 3,000 to INR 6,000. Moreover, the militants will be given
a relief amount of INR 400,000 which was earlier INR 1, 50,000.
Mizoram CM Lal Thanhawla asked GoI to tighten
security along the border with Myanmar as the state could face
threats from the armed conflict between the Myanmar army and militants
in Arakan state. The CM informed the Union Home Minister that
Mizoram could face a security threat owing to the entry of refugees
from Myanmar. CM also asked the Home Minister to deploy more security
personnel along the border with Myanmar to avoid any untoward
incident. Mizoram saw an influx of over 1,400 refugees from Chin
state in Myanmar, who are taking shelter at Hmawngbuchhuah village
in Lawngtlai district.
The displaced people fled their country following
a crackdown launched by Myanmar army on Arakan Army militants.
Although some families have returned to their villages, over 1,000
people are reluctant to return to Myanmar fearing the armed struggle
between the Myanmar army and militants may begin again.
Spokesperson for MEA stated that it will continue
to support the peace process and that national reconciliation
in Myanmar will also benefit the north-eastern states. The spokesperson
stated that comprehensive peace and national reconciliation in
Myanmar will also be conducive for peace and prosperity in India's
north-eastern region. The statement came after two militant groups
in Myanmar, the MNSP and LDU signed the NCA and joined peace process
AR BDS defused a landmine in Lawngtlai District,
along the Mizoram-Myanmar border. AR on January 23 had issued
an advisory asking the local people not to venture in the border
areas as there was strong possibility of the presence of hidden
mines. One Indian national has been killed and another wounded
in mine explosions in January 2018. According to officials of
Assam Rifles (AR) , area between Pillar 1 and Pillar 11 has been
HPC-D leaders have expressed optimism that political
level talks with Mizoram Government in March would find a solution
to the Hmar problem. Mizoram Home Minister R Lalzirliana had recently
announced that the first round of political level talks with HPC
(D) was likely to be held on March 5 in Aizawl. Home department
officials said that former Labor Minister Lalrinmawia Ralte was
likely to head the Government delegation.
UMHA report has stated that militancy in the Northeast
is on the decline, with Tripura and Mizoram emerging as the most
peaceful states in the region. According to the report, the seven
states in the northeast registered 308 militancy-related cases
last year, down from 484 in 2016. The trend has been a downward
one. In 2015, there were 574 insurgency-related cases reported
while the year before that registered a staggering 824 such incidents.
State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana stated that
first round of political level talks between HPC-D and Mizoram
Government has been deferred to March 7. Earlier the scheduled
date was March 5. R. Lalzirliana said the proposed peace talks,
led by H. Zosangbera, has been deferred to March 7 as some of
the HPC-D and Government delegates were not ready for it owing
to personal obligations. He said the talks will be held at the
state guest house in Aizawl.
Former labour minister Lalrinmawia Ralte, who
was recently appointed political adviser to the Chief Minister,
along with Mizoram Law Commission chairman and Member of Legislative
Assembly (MLA) John Siamkunga, will head the state government
delegation, while HPC-D delegation would be headed by HPC-D 'working
The talks mainly revolved around strengthening
the existing SHDC). The name of the council has been proposed
to be rechristened as Sinlung Hills Council (SHC), which will
have 14 members, including two nominated members, preferably from
minority communities. In the last official-level talks held on
September 21 and 22 2017 both the sides had approved in principle
the draft of MoS and SHC bill.
The name of the council has been proposed to be
rechristened as SHC, which will have 14 members, including two
nominated members, preferably from minority communities. In the
last official-level talks held on September 21 and 22 2017 both
the sides had approved in principle the draft of MoS and SHC bill.
Mizoram Additional Secretary for Home Lalbiakzama
stated that repatriation of over 5,000 Bru families from Tripura
is not likely to take off as scheduled from this month as the
refugees rejected a central Government proposal for financial
The official stated that the 5,413 refugee families
last month that each family would be provided with a package of
INR 1,30,000 besides INR 5,000 per family per month and free ration
for two years. The Additional Secretary stated that 'Bru people
in the relief camps rejected the proposals of the ministry during
a meeting at Naisingpara relief camp on February 23. It is unlikely
that the repatriation will begin according to schedule'. The repatriation
was scheduled to begin from first week of March.
A memorandum submitted to Union Home Minister
Rajnath Singh by the Mizoram Bru Displaced People's Forum in January
had demanded a provision of INR 1.5 million to each repatriated
Bru family. The forum had also demanded that all repatriated able-bodied
youths should be given government jobs.
Talks between HPC-D and Mizoram state Government
will be resumed in Aizawl. Mizoram Home department additional
secretary Lalbiakzama said that the commencement of the parleys
had been fixed for March 5, but was postponed for the convenience
of HPC-D delegation. The current level of talks commenced from
August 10, 2016 began official level talks and was elevated to
political level talks from this time.
HPC-D leaders on March 3 expressed optimism that
political level talks with Mizoram Government would find a solution
to the Hmar problem. The militant leaders also added that they
were yet to decide on the members of the delegation while confirming
that the working president of the group Lalthalien Hmar would
be in the delegation and would continue to be the spokesperson.
Myanmar has indefinitely deferred signing an agreement
with India to streamline the free movement of people within 16
kilometers of Indo-Myanmar border. Myanmar sighted 'domestic compulsions'
for deferring to sign the agreement and asked more time before
the agreement is sealed. A senior government official stated that
'Myanmar has been dragging its feet on the agreement. They have
asked for more time and are reluctant due to domestic compulsions.
They fear that if they sign the pact, the international agreement
will have to be adhered to'.
On January 3, the Union Cabinet had approved
the agreement between India and Myanmar on land border crossing
to enhance economic interaction between people of the two countries.
The Government of India (GoI) had asked Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland,
Manipur and Mizoram to distribute "border pass" to all the residents
living within 16 km from the border.
Leaders of HPC-D arrived in Aizawl on March 6
for peace talks with state Government on March 7.
The first political level talks between Mizoram
State Government and HPC-D led by H. Zosangbera began on March
7. The head of the Government delegation stated that 'The peace
talks were held in an environment of friendship and mutual trust.
There were no new issues for discussion as the important matters,
including the draft legislation for the Sinlung Hills Council
and memorandum of settlement have been already approved in principle
during the official-level talks'. He also added that all issues
that require a resolution are expected to be settled by March
HPC-D delegation has tabled four points of ratification
in the draft legislation, including change in wording and patent
errors, based on the suggestions made at a public consultation
in December 2017.
Assam state Government release stated that prohibitory
orders were enforced along Assam-Mizoram interstate boundary in
certain pockets of Hailakandi District. HT order was issued in
apprehension of encroachment attempts from Mizoram. The prohibitory
orders were imposed in Kachurthal and other areas under the Ramnathpur
police station, bordering Kolasib District of Mizoram.
Police prevented around 50 members of the Young
Mizo Association and Mizo Zirlai Pawl from entering Kachur-thal
of Assam's Hailakandi District. In the ensuing clash between Assam
Police and Mizo student body atleast three students and three
journalists were wounded. Tension had mounted along the border
last week after the construction of the shed, allegedly by persons
Myanmarese refugees have began returning to their
homes two months after they landed in Mizoram following raids
in their villages by the Myanmar Army. The first batch of the
refugees left the border state on 25 January, and continued subsequently
in small groups till the end of February. According to sources,
96 out of the 1,484 refugees who arrived in Mizoram, have already
returned, and the rest are expected to leave the Indian state
within this month. All the refugees who arrived in Mizoram are
Buddhists belonging to the Zhakai tribe from the disturbed Rakhine
state in Myanmar.
GoI has asked for reports from Assam and Mizoram
state Governments about the March 8 clash along the interstate
boundary between Mizoram and Assam. The UMHA also told the two
state governments to enforce prohibitory orders and deploy forces
All student unions in Mizoram on March 10 extended
support to the state's apex student body, MZP to construct a resting
shed at Zophai near Bairabi in Kolasib District along the inter-state
boundary with Assam. A joint meeting of the MZP, MSU, Aizawl City
College Joint Students Union and Hnampual Zirlai Pawl asked all
shops run by non-indigenous people in the area to remain shut
till "normalcy returns in the area".
In a letter addressed to Assam additional chief
secretary Alok Kumar, Mizoram chief secretary Arvind Ray proposed
that the two Deputy Commissioners of Kolasib District in Mizoram
and Hailakandi district in Assam should hold talks before March
15 to normalise the situation.
Hailakandi DC stated that District administration
will not withdraw security from the Assam-Mizoram border. The
DC stated that 'The security forces will remain deployed along
the border and will be withdrawn only after getting instructions
from the top echelons of the administration'.
Students of Mizoram, led by the MZP staged statewide
protests, demanding resignation of the Congress Government for
allegedly failing to protect the state's territory and students.
The protests come in the wake of last week's clash at the Mizoram-Assam
boundary near Bairabi town in Kolasib District. MZP Vice President
president Vanlaltana said the MZP was firm on constructing the
shed at Zophai paddy field and would do so again on March 14.
The tension along Assam-Mizoram border have died
down after Mizo Zirlai Pawl, State's apex student body, decided
to suspend construction of a rest shed at Zophai near the border
town of Bairabi in Kolasib District. The decision was made at
the organisation's emergency meeting held in Aizawl.
According to ZP General Secretary, MZP made the
decision after fervent appeals from Mizoram Kohhran Hruaitute
Committee, a conglomeration of church leaders and Central Young
Mizo Association, the largest non-governmental organisation in
Mizoram. UMHA has convened a meeting of the Chief Secretaries
of Mizoram and Assam next week to resume dialogue on the boundary
dispute between the two States in the wake of protests.
Three-member delegation of the Union Ministry
of Home Affairs (UMHA), comprising Special Secretary for Internal
Security Rina Mitra, adviser (Northeast) on Bru repatriation Mahesh
Kumar Singla and Joint Secretary Satyendra Garg, met the refugee
leaders in Agartala. For the last 21 years, over 35,000 Reang
refugees have been staying in six camps at Kanchanpur in North
MBDP apex body of displaced Bru tribals, on March
17 warned of a "democratic movement" against the Centre's "harsh
decision" to close down all Reang refugee relief camps and stop
ration through PDS.
Joint Secretary of UMHA Mahesh Kumar Singla stated
that rehabilitation of Bru Refugees in Tripura to Mizoram has
been halted. When asked about the rehabilitation of the Reang
refugees who have came from Mizoram and are living a life of refugees
for the past 20 years at Kanchanpur and Panisagar sub-divisions,
the Secretary stated that 'The Reang refugees do not wants to
go to Mizoram as they don't get land "patta" out there in Mizoram
which the indigenous people of Tripura get. Moreover they have
demanded 2 acre of land for each family for going 'back to Mizoram
which the Mizoram government has clearly rejected'. He also added
that 'The Central Government has announced a package of 147 cr.
for their rehabilitation program from which the Mizoram Government
have already received 7.90 cr. But it won't be wrong to say that
the program is on halt and needs to bring on board all the stakeholders
and we are working on it.
Mizoram and HPC-D led by H. Zosangbera, will sign
a peace accord in April. Mizoram Home Minister stated that 'The
Mizoram government and the HPC (D), which have been holding peace
parleys since August 2016 will sign a memorandum of settlement
(MoS) by next month'.
According to the draft MoS, the two sides have
agreed to accord more autonomy to the SHDC, created after the
signing of the peace accord between the state government and the
HPC on July 27, 1994. The council will be re-christened SHC, which
will be constituted through an act. Sources said the new council
will have 14 members, including two nominated members, preferably
from minority communities.
Mizoram shares a 722-km-long international border
with Myanmar (404km) and Bangladesh (318km) and hundreds of kilometres
with neighbouring Assam, Tripura and Manipur. There were reports
of hideouts of militants within the state's boundary before 2008.
The home minister also informed the House that nearly 435 policemen
died during 2015-18 owing to several reasons like poor health,
liquor consumption and militant activities. He said over 2,400
posts are lying vacant under his department.
Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju
that new rehabilitation policy for surrendered militants in the
Northeast with almost doubled stipend will come into force from
April. The monthly stipend for a surrendered militant has been
revised from INR 3,500 to INR 6,000 and the one-time grant from
INR 1,50,000 to INR 4,00,000.
More incentives have been added for the weapons
surrendered. A surrender-cum-rehabilitation scheme for the Northeast
militants is in force since April 1998. Many, however, said the
stipend offered under the scheme needed revision as cadres of
many outfits were resorting to crimes like extortion as the amount
offered by the government had not been revised for years. An official
statement said 'A surrender-cum-rehabilitation scheme for the
Northeast militants is in force since April 1998. Many, however,
said the stipend offered under the scheme needed revision as cadres
of many outfits were resorting to crimes like extortion as the
amount offered by the government had not been revised for years'.
The statement also said that Assam has spend about
INR 75 million for militant rehabilitation while Manipur spend
INR 11.9 million and Tripura 11.8 million Militants who have signed
cease fire agreements have demanded that the stipend be increased
to cater to rising prices and prevent youths from returning to
militancy. Number of surrendered militants in north east has reduced
from 1,195 in 2012 to 130 in 2017. The statement said at least
640 militants surrendered in 2013, followed by 965 in 2014, 143
in 2015, 267 in 2016 and three till February 2018.
Mizoram State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana stated
that over 400 refugees from neighbouring Myanmar's Arakan (Rakhine)
state are in Lawngtlai. Initially, about 1,750 Myanmarese refugees,
mostly Buddhists, entered Mizoram by crossing the international
border in November last year after fleeing armed clashes between
the Myanmar Army and the Arakan Army (AA).
Nearly 488 people are still languishing at Hmawngbuchhua
village in Lawngtlai district on the Indo-Myanmar border. Initially,
the refugees were lodged in four villages in Lawngtlai district
- Hmawngbuchhua, Zochachhua, Laitlang and Dumzautlang. Later,
they were shifted to Hmawngbuchhua in Bumthlang sub-division for
administrative convenience.The repatriation process, planned in
the last week of December last year, had to be stalled after the
refugees refused to return to their respective villages fearing
persecution. Sources said over 1,200 refugees have already returned
to their respective villages on their own while the rest are expected
to leave Mizoram within this month.
Mizoram Governor has imposed "governor's rule"
on the Chakma Autonomous District Council in Lawngtlai District
for four months. The step was taken after an inquiry report which
highlighted serious violations of the council rules 2002. The
council was formed under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution
on April 29, 1972 with its headquarters at Chawngte.
MZP the apex student body of the state on March
22 threatened an armed uprising similar to that of 1966 if GoI
imposed an inter-state boundary between Assam and Mizoram. Addressing
student protesters at a protest in Aizawl MZP president L Ramdinliana
Renthlei stated that 'The Mizo people had declared self-determination
and independence from the Indian union on March 1, 1966, resulting
in many Mizos sacrificing their lives for sovereignty. Mizo youths
are ready to repeat the 1966 situation if the border issue between
Assam and Mizoram cannot be solved amicably'. He also added that
talks between the Chief Secretaries of the neighboring states
in New Delhi on March 20 was disappointing and added that the
student body is not optimistic about the outcome of the talks
and has lost faith in GoI.
The March 20 meeting was attended by Union minister
for home Rajnath Singh, and was chaired by the Union home secretary
Rajiv Gauba. Tension has been brewing on the Assam-Mizoram border
since March 8, after Mizo students clashed with Assam Police While
Assam has termed the conflict area Kachurthal under Hailakandi
district, Mizos have contended the area is at Zophai in Kolasib
District. About 50 students and six journalists were wounded in
the March 8 clash.
To check terror financing in the North-East, GoI
has ordered an inquiry by NIA. GoI has also firmed up plans to
enhance the operational capability of Border Guarding Force and
address the connectivity issues by constructing helipads along
Indo-Myanmar border. New Company Operating Bases (COBs) are also
being planned to be set up closer to Indo-Myanmar border.
The insurgency related civilian casualties declined
in all states except in Assam where it increased from nine in
2015 to 29 in 2016. Additionally, the number of abductions also
decreased in the region from 267 in 2015 to 168 in 2016. Counter
Insurgency operations led to the killing of 87 militants, arrest
of 1202 and recovery of 605 arms in 2016 in the region.
A three member high level delegation from UMHA
visited Assam-Mizoram border to make an on-the-spot assessment.
The delegation was led by Joint Secretary, North East, Ministry
of Home Affairs, Satyendra Garg. Later during a meeting it was
decided that that as the areas along the interstate border fall
in inner-line reserved forests, both the sides must first identify
all illegal structure after which the process of dismantling will
begin within April 30. It was also decided that both states would
withdraw security forces from the inter-state boundary. The fact
finding team will submit its report to the Union Home Secretary
on April 5 after which it will be discussed in a follow up meeting
with the Chief Secretaries of Mizoram and Assam.
Mizoram Home Minister R. Lalzirliana informed
the Legislative Assembly that Mizoram was likely to accede to
the demands of the displaced Brus. In a written reply, the Minister
stated that displaced Brus have raised 13 demands in a writ petition
filed in the Supreme Court. These include allocation of five acres
of land to each repatriated family, cluster village, increment
of compensation from INR 80,000 to I,00,000 inclusion of all repatriated
families in the electoral roll and creation of ADC under Sixth
Schedule of the Constitution. Lalzirliana said Mizoram has so
far prepared four road maps for repatriation of the Brus and received
INR 4860 Million from the GoI. Under road map-I, Mizoram received
INR 24.38 Million while under road map II they received 24 Million.
Under Road Map-III 178 Million was received and under Road Map
IV 259 Million was received.
Mizoram is ready to sign a peace agreement with
HPC-D Mizoram Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla informed the Legislative
Assembly about the Mizoram's government decision to sign a memorandum
with the HPCD at the Mizoram state legislative assembly. According
to sources, While majority of the HPCD cadres under the leadership
of H Zosangbera have agreed to broker peace with the Mizoram Government,
several others have resisted peacemaking and took a hardliner's
stand with their leader Lalhmingthanga Sanate, demanding an Autonomous
Mizoram Government and Hmar People's Convention
(Democratic) on April 2 signed ac peace accord to end the over
two- decade-old insurgency and three-decade-old deadlock on the
Hmar political imbroglio in Mizoram. The signing of MoS was held
at the State Guest House, Chaltlang in Aizawl. The MoS was signed
on behalf of the state government by chief secretary Arvind Ray,
while the HPC (D) was represented by its president H. Zosangbera.
The Additional Secretary in Home Department Lalbiakzama
stated that would lay down 48 sophisticated arms during the homecoming
ceremony, tentatively scheduled for April 12 at Central Training
Institute, Sesawng. According to the agreement, The existing Sinlung
Hills Development Council will be rechristened Sinlung Hills Council
and comprise 14 members including two nominated members to be
headed by the chief executive member.
MZP apex students' body submitted a memorandum
to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the long-standing border dispute
between Assam and Mizoram. MZP reiterated that the boundary line
demarcated in 1875 under the Bengal.
MZP reiterated that the boundary line demarcated
in 1875 under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation of 1873 during
the British rule is the only boundary between Assam and Mizoram
accepted by the Government and the people of Mizoram. MZP stated
that the area where it planned to construct a rest shed called
Zofate Chawlhbuk, that triggered fresh tensions over the border
issue last month, is "well within Mizoram." The memorandum stated
that the plot of land belongs the first Chief Minister of Mizoram.
HPC-D issued a statement that refuted a purported
statement of HPC-D on April 3 which reportedly expressed "dissatisfaction"
over the memorandum of settlement.
The statement said that The HPC-D is happy with
Mizoram Government's initiatives to sign memorandum of settlement
(with the HPC-D) leaders to find an amicable solution to the Hmar
political imbroglio. The HPC-D is committed to the MoS which has
been made on the principles of mutual understanding and brotherhood'.
The statement also added that 'HPCD chapter of
Assam has been holding political level talks with Assam Government
and Manipur chapter of the organisation, under the banner of UPF
have agreed on SoO and talks are on with the State Government'.
(GoI has been holding several rounds of talks with Kuki National
Organisation (KNO) and UPF of Manipur, both whose demands are
Territorial Council for Hill tribes men of south Manipur, to find
an amicable solution to their long standing demand of land and
MoS Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju admitted that radicalisation
efforts from across the border in Bangladesh are on in the Northeast.
The Minister stated that 'Security and intelligence agencies are
aware of the threat of radicalisation in the North Eastern states
and they are taking necessary steps to thwart these moves. The
activities of such radical elements are being monitored closely'.
The Minister also added that GoI has an extensive
engagement with the Government of Bangladesh on the issue of illegal
migrants under various bilateral mechanisms like the Joint Consultative
Commission, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary-level talks,
Joint Working Group on Security and Border Management, Joint Task
Forces on Human Trafficking, fake currency notes.
Union Minister for Home Affairs, Rajnath Singh
had stated that religious radicalisation as a serious security
threat and said if not checked in time, it could lead to terrorism.
The Minister who reviewed the security situation in the Northeast
with chief secretaries and Director General of Police (DGPs) of
the region, also expressed concern over the proliferation of illegal
arms and asked the DGPs to launch organised campaigns against
arms smugglers. He stated that 'If we talk about the future security
threats, radicalisation has come as a huge security challenge.
Radicalisation is a trans-national phenomenon. If we can't check
it, it will turn into terrorism'
About 103 HPC-D militants will be brought in Aizawl
from the Mizoram-Manipur border town of Zilkhawchhuah by state
police on April 7. State Additional Secretary for Home Lalbiakzama
stated that HPC-D cadres would lay down their weapons on April
Mizoram is still housing 419 refugees from Myanmar
who were evicted from their homes last year. About 1,600 Myanmar
refugees have been rehabilitated in Lawngtlai district, after
they crossed the border to Mizoram on November 25. The refugees
came to India after crisis erupted at Paletwa where 11 soldiers
of the Myanmar Army were reportedly killed on the Kaladan river
after being ambushed by the Arakan Army. Further fighting affected
several villages and forced inhabitants to flee. The refugees
were rehabilitated by the Mizoram Government at Zochachhuah, Laitlang,
Dumzautlang and Hmawngbuchhuah at Lawngtlai District.
HPC-D militants arrived at Sesawng village near
Aizawl for the arms laying down ceremony which will be held on
April 13. The ceremony will be held at Central Training Institute
(CTI), Mizoram Home Guard headquarters at Sesawng village, about
39 km from Aizawl. Earlier, the HPC-D cadres were also given tributes
and reception at Sakawrdai village, the proposed headquarters
for Sinlung Hills Council (SHC). The SHC shall consist of 14 members
including 2 nominated members preferably from minority communities
to be headed by Chief Executive Member (CEM). The council will
initially function for interim period of 6 months.
HPC-D 'militant identified as 'sergeant' Lalbieklien,
who was the commander of HPC-D militants whose killed three police
men on March 28, 2015 was released from prison following peace
accord signed with the Mizoram Government. The arrested militant
figured in at least two dozen criminal cases, including murder,
abduction, extortion and theft of explosives.
According to UMHA report due to cooperation from
Bangladesh and Myanmar, activities of IIGs have been contained.
The report also stated that. In order to enhance the operational
capability of the border guarding force and address connectivity
issues, a border infrastructure project involving construction
of roads and helipads along the Indo Myanmar border is being planned.
New COB are also being planned to be set up closer to the Indo-Myanmar
border. Along Indo-Myanmar border, 10 kilometer fencing between
Border Post No. 79-81 at Moreh has been approved at INR 359.9
Million. A fencing of approximately four km has been completed
and an amount of INR 224.1 Million. Along 1643 Kilometer border
with Myanmar, 1,472 km has been demarcated.
.According to the UMHA report, there are only
two un-demarcated portions along the Indo-Myanmar border: Lohit
sub-sector of Arunachal Pradesh - 136 kilometeres and Kabaw Valley
in Manipur - 35 kilometeres, border fencing between boundary pillar
No. 79 and No. 81 in Moreh.
SSB According to the UMHA report, there are only
two un-demarcated portions along the Indo-Myanmar border: Lohit
sub-sector of Arunachal Pradesh - 136 kilometeres and Kabaw Valley
in Manipur - 35 kilometeres, border fencing between boundary pillar
No. 79 and No. 81 in Moreh. The ITBP has established 173 BOPs
along the Indo-China border, said the report.
GoI has approved of construction of 313 km border
road at a cost of Rs 1,259 crore in Assam along the Indo-Bhutan
border. The construction work has not yet started due to pending
State Nodal Officer that Mizoram has received
INR 460 million from UMHA f or border area development during
the last fiscal of 2017-18. Of the total amount under Border Area
Development Programme (BADP), INR 399.3 Million has been spent
during the last fiscal and the rest has been earmarked for the
current fiscal of 2018-19. The BADP was implemented in Mizoram
in 1993-1994 and it covered four rural development blocks then
along the India-Bangladesh border. In 1997-1998, the program was
extended on the eastern side of Mizoram, bordering Myanmar.
About 103 militants of HPC-D is slated to surrender
with their weapons. A Mizoram Home Department official stated
that 'total of 103 HPC-D members would surrender and deposit their
48 sophisticated arms and ammunition.
102 HPC-D militants and 12 leaders including 'chairman'
H. Zosangbera, surrendered in Aizawl. The militants also surrendered
44 weapons, including four sniper rifles, nine AK assault rifles,
one M-16 carbine assault rifle 13double-barrel guns and 2,892
rounds of ammunition, grenade, launcher shells and five radio
sets. Mizoram Home Minister R. Lalzirliana also handed over INR
34.2 million rehabilitation package to HPC-D 'working chairman'
L.T. Hmar. Each militant would be given INR three lakh as rehabilitation
package and INR seven lakh for surrender of weapons.
The state Home Minister while appreciating the
surrender of HPC-D militants also added the other HPC-D faction,
led by ' president 'Lalhmingthang Sanate, that the government
would not tolerate any violence in the state. On April 14, the
surrendered militants would head for Sakawrda village in Aizawl
District, the proposed headquarters of Sinlung Hills Council (SHC)
after which they will depart for their respective villages.
All the surrendered militants of HPC-D have received
INR 3,00,000 each as part of the rehabilitation package. The militants
numbering 114 had surrendered after signing of MoS.
The militants on April 13, had surrendered with
45 weapons including four sniper rifles, one grenade launcher,
nine AK assault rifles, one M-16 carbine assault rifle and 13
double-barrel guns. They had also surrendered 2,892 rounds of
ammunition, launcher shells and five radio sets.
SFs recovered one 9 mm Pistol and 252 rounds of
ammunitions and FICN worth INR 600000 in an operation near Zote
crossing in Champai.
GoI has revised the surrender-cum-rehabilitation
policy of militants in the northeastern states with effect from
April 1. The grant for surrendered militants has been raised to
INR 4,00,000 from INR 1,00,000 and the monthly stipend to INR
6,000 from INR 3,500 for three years.
According to UMHA official, revised policy also
includes provisions for vocational training, funds for construction
of rehabilitation camps and compulsory Aadhaar biometric registration
of surrenderees. The surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy in the
Northeast has been implemented since 1998. Under the revised SRE
in the region, ex gratia for civilians killed has been doubled
to INR 1,00,000 and for Police personnel it has been increased
to two million from INR 3,00,000. For Police personnel who suffer
from permanent disability the ex gratia has been increased from
INR 75,000 to INR 3,00,000.
Additionally, the salary for home guards has
been increased from INR 4,500 to INR 6,000. Moreover, honorarium
for village defence guards doubled to INR 3,000.
India has identified 120 vulnerable points along
its 4,096km Indo-Bangladesh border and deployed additional BSF
troopers to detect and push back Rohingya refugees if they try
to enter the country. Unnamed Union Home Ministry sources said
on April 25 said that the BSF, which has intensified patrol, has
been told to only "push" the infiltrators back into Bangladesh
and not arrest them so that they don't become a "liability".