Mizoram Timeline Year - 2013
Mizoram State Home Minister R
Lalzirliana said that the Government is making arrangements to
hold negotiation with the Hmar militant outfit HPC-D.
The Mizoram government is pushing
for early resumption of talks with the militant group HPC-D. This
development comes in the aftermath of the Election Commission's
announcement to hold by-election to the Chalfilh assembly constituency
on February 23. A large number of the Chalfilh electorate belonged
to the Hmar community and would be highly influenced by the diktats
of the HPC-D leadership.
The Mizoram Government will meet
the HPC-D, ahead of the upcoming by-poll to the Chalfilh Assembly
constituency. The two sides are scheduled to meet on January 31
to discuss the modalities of peace, an official source said. The
first round was held in Silchar, Assam, on December 13, 2012.
After several months of suspense,
the Hmar militant outfit, HPC-D and the Government of Mizoram
have signed the SoO in Aizawl. An official source informed. Mizoram
Government team was led by Lalbiakzama, Joint Secretary, Home
department, while the HPC-D delegation was led by Lalbeisei, the
outfit's vice chairman.
The two teams in their talk prepared
'ground rules and then signed an agreement for SoO for 6 months
duration. The two teams also agreed to hold another talk at the
After signing the SoO pact with
the Government of Mizoram for six months, the HPC-D, has said
that at least two round of talks will be held with the Government
during this six-month period. "The two parties also mutually agreed
to hold at least two rounds of peace talks for a political solution
during 6 months SoO period," John F Hmar disclosed.
According to the HPC-D leader,
the ground rules for implementation of SoO between the Government
of Mizoram and the HPC-D was signed by representatives of the
Mizoram Government and the outfit at the State Guest House, Aizawl
(Mizoram) after an exchange of views to initiate a peace dialogue
in the common interest of finding a permanent political solutions
to the Hmar political issues in Mizoram.
According to latest Government
report, at least 4834 militants of different outfits across seven
states in North Eastern (NE) region were killed in counter-insurgency
operations from 2001 to 2012. During the period, at least 1909
militants were killed in Manipur, while 1777 were killed in Assam,
536 in Nagaland, 307 in Tripura, 105 in Arunachal Pradesh and
9 in Mizoram.
According to the Government report,
in a single year, highest number of militants were killed in Manipur
in 2008.In Manipur, 341 militants were killed in 2008, while 161
were killed in the year 2001, 101 in 2002, 148 in 2003, 127 in
2004, 143 in 2005, 141 in 2006, 218 in 2007, 321 in 2009, 104
in 2010, 30 in 2011 and 74 in the year 2012.
In other hand, the year 2001 recorded
the highest number of militant fatalities under counter-insurgency
operations in Assam. In Assam, a total of 1777 militants were
killed during the period, in which, 275 were killed in the year
2002, 281 in 2003, 136 in 2004, 83 in 2005, 43 in 2006, 149 in
2007, 133 in 2008, 196 in 2009, 98 in 2010, 45 in 2011 and 55
in 2012.Most of the militants killed during counter-insurgency
operations were from United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA),"
a top official of the Assam Police said.
In Meghalaya, 191 militants were
killed during the period, the breakups being - 8 in the year 2001,
17 in 2002, 27 in 2003, 23 in 2004, 26 in 2005, 17 in 2006, 13
in 2007, 12 in 2008, 4 in 2009, 17 in 2010, 8 in 2011 and 19 in
A meeting of civil society organisations
convened by ZRO at Aizawl in Aizawl District in Mizoram resolved
to support the demand for creation of a Kuki State. Leaders of
MSU, Mizoram Chiefs' Council, former MNF leaders, KSDC and other
civil groups attended the meeting. KSDC is agitating for a separate
Kuki State incorporating Kuki inhabited areas of Manipur.
Apart from resolving to support
the Kuki state demand, participants resolved to appraise the UNHRC
about the alleged atrocities by NSCN-IM and Meitei militants on
Kuki people. The participants also resolved to put pressure on
the Centre and the Manipur government for a political solution
to the Kuki problem before any political settlement with the NSCN-IM.
The MBDPF led by A Sawibung has
finally succeeded in bringing the issue of repatriation of Bru
refugees from Tripura relief camps to Mizoram on the negotiating
table with the State Government. Bruno Msha, general secretary
of the Naisingpara (Tripura) camp-based MBDPF, said they received
a letter from the State home department for talks to be held on
February 21 in Aizawl (Mizoram) to deliberate on the impasse on
the repatriation of refugees.
Five labourers, who were working
in a road construction at Dampa Tiger Reserve on the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura
border under Mamit District, were abducted by armed militants.
Militants have demanded INR 10 million as ransom for their release.
While the state police said the abductors were NLFT -BM militants,
YMA leaders of West Phaileng said the abductors were a group of
Brus (Reang tribesman), who called themselves WNDLFM.
The Police Forces of the States
of the North East region have decided to launch coordinated efforts
to check the Maoist rebels from establishing strong roots in the
region. The forces are also of the view that the peace talks with
the militant groups, which have already signed cease- fire agreements,
should be expedited.
A meeting of the heads of the
Police Forces of the North East States, convened by the Union
MHA, which concluded in Gangtok in Sikkim, discussed in detail
the efforts by the Maoist rebels to establish roots in the North
East region and observed that there is need for formulating strategies
to check the growth of the Maoists and all the States decided
to launch coordinated efforts in this regard. The meeting observed
that though the militant groups have weakened in 2011 and 2012,
in recent times, the level of violence has gone up, which is a
matter of serious concern.
The meeting between MBDPF and
Joint Secretary, Home Department of Mizoram, Lalbiakzama, scheduled
on February 21 could not be held due to all India bandh
(General strike), by various trade union bodies, on February 20-21.
Mizoram Police and Assam Rifles
seized 31 AK-47 assault rifles, one Singapore-made LMG and 1 US-made
Browning automatic rifle, 809 rounds of ammunition and 32 magazines
from a farmhouse near Lengpui Airport in Mizoram.
Mizoram Police's Superintendant
of Police, CID (Crime), Joseph Lalchhuana, said acting on a tip
off, they seized 23 AK-47 rifles, 1 LMG and 1 Browning rifle on
March 7. He added that another seizure was made on March 8 after
interrogation of the three arrested persons identified as Robi
Chakma, Soboz Chakma and Moni Tripura, suspected to be members
of a militant outfit in Bangladesh. Lalchhuana added that 8 AK-47
assault rifles and 809 rounds of ammunition were seized in the
second raid which was conducted at a place which is near the first
spot of seizure. The militants intended to take the arms across
the border to Bangladesh for their cadres.
Tripura Police sent a three member's
team to Aizawl in the morning following a major arms haul by Mizoram
Police and Assam Rifles on March 8 near Aizawl airport. Inspector
General of Police (Control) Nepal Das told media the initial investigation
revealed that the arms were supposed to be transported to Tripura
for some underground outfit.
Mizoram Police said they have
proof that the 33 sophisticated arms seized from a private farmhouse
near Lengpui Airport in Aizawl District on March 7 and 8, were
to be delivered to the PCJSS faction of Bangladeshi outfit Shanti
Bahini. The person, who smuggled the arms into India through the
porous Mizoram-Myanmar border, had reportedly gone back to Myanmar
again and was hiding there, Lalchhuana said.
With abductors threatening to
kill five labourers abducted from Dampa tiger reserve in Mamit
District on February 19, a meeting chaired by State Home Minister
R. Lalzirliana has demanded that they be released unconditionally.
NLFT-BM militants are suspected to be behind the abduction.
Assam Rifles said that the biggest
ever haul of weapons in Mizoram came from Myanmar. "The interrogation
of the arrested people and investigation into the arms haul is
under way," Director General Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh said.
"Further details would be known only after the completion of the
inquiry," he said. Assam Rifles seized 33 AK-47 rifles, a combat
browning automatic rifle, a 5.56 automatic light machine gun,
49 loaded magazines and 809 rounds of ammunition from the outskirts
of Aizawl on March 7.
Five people, including three Bangladeshis
and two Mizoram residents, were arrested in connection with the
recovery near Lengpui airport in Mizoram. The State borders Myanmar
According to police and intelligence
officials, the weapons were being smuggled to Bangladesh.
India asked Bangladesh to work
out an action plan to flush out the remaining militant leaders
of the Northeast region from that country.Central Government's
request was conveyed at the Director General level "Border Coordination
Conference" between BSF and BGB that got under way on March 18.
The meeting will end on March 23.
Alarmed by reports of fresh illegal
infiltration from Bangladesh triggered by the ongoing turmoil
in the neighbouring country, India has alerted the border guarding
force deployed along the international border. Briefing the media,
DG, BSF, Subhash Joshi and DG of BGB, Major General Aziz Ahmed
said that forces were on alert, denying reports of rise in infiltration
along the highly porous international border. DG BSF Subhash Joshi
said about 27 percent of India's border with Bangladesh could
not be fenced due to riverine terrain and other difficult geographical
features. He said fencing work was sanctioned for 3,436 km of
the 4,096-km border with Bangladesh and 2,525 km had been fenced.
He said work was in progress for fencing on 365 km and the pending
work was expected to be completed in a year or two.
| March 25
NESO asked Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh to expedite the ongoing peace process with various rebel
groups in India’s northeastern states. “The Indian government
must demonstrate its sincerity and commitment to all the ongoing
political dialogues with different armed groups operating in the
Northeastern states,” NESO Chairman Samuel B Jyrwa said. “A time-frame
mechanism with a focus for an acceptable, honourable and solution
must be worked out (with the rebels) and there should be no procrastination
towards this the initiative,” Jyrwa said.
On the “unabated influx of illegal
migrants from neighbouring countries” that has brought a serious
demographic change in the North East, NESO urged the prime minister
to extend Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 in the entire
North Eastern states. The student body also asked the Government
to take immediate initiatives to prepare a register of citizens
by updating the National register of citizens, 1951, which is
the official the document on citizenship.
Mizoram Home minister R Lalzirliana,
said the State Government wants to secure the release of five
people abducted on February 19 last without paying ransom as demanded
by the abductors. Stating this during question hour in the assembly,
Lalzirliana said the government would not pay the ransom demanded
by the Bru militants who abducted the five people from a poaching
camp inside the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura border Dampa Tiger
The ongoing peace negotiations
between the Mizoram Government and the HPC-D could not be resumed
early due to abduction of five Mizos by the Bru militants on February
19, the State assembly was informed. Replying to a query, State
home minister R Lalzirliana said the talks were initiated and
the home department took up the parleys. “The ground rules for
negotiations were placed before the two parties and deliberated
in the last talks,” Lalzirliana said, adding that the SoO was
signed. The steps were taken to ensure early resumption of the
| March 28
Mizoram Additional CID-SB H L
Thangzuala stated that five road construction workers, who were
abducted on February 19 by a gang of miscreants from Mamit District
along the Bangladesh border, were released and handed over to
Mizo leaders in Bangladesh. "We expect them to arrive at
the border (Bangladesh) by midnight. We'll receive them there
and provide them with necessary medical attention if required,"
Thangzuala said. He said the abductors were not militants, but
a group of criminals belonging to the Bru community. Some of the
gang members were involved in a robbery at the BDO's office at
Zawlnuam last year, Thangzuala further said. The gang had a nexus
with a NLFT ‘area commander’ helped them extort money by resorting
to abducting of innocent people, he said, adding that the criminals
apparently did not obtain permission from the NLFT high command
to carry out the abduction on this occasion, sources said.
State Chief Minister Lalthanhawla,
while announcing the release of the five hostages, said no ransom
was paid to the criminals to secure the release of the captives.
| March 30
With the improvement of relations
between India and Bangladesh, the ties between the border guarding
forces of both the countries have also improved considerably and
coordinated patrolling by the BSF and BGB has started, which is
a major positive in border management. BSF sources elaborated
that the personnel of the BSF and BGB jointly identified the vulnerable
stretches along the Indo-Bangla border based on infiltration,
movement of criminals etc and coordinated patrolling is carried
out in those areas.
Mizoram Government passed a resolution
which will pave the way for setting up of a Territorial Army (Home
and Hearth) to strengthen security within the State.
Participating in the discussion
and moving the resolution, R Lalzirliana said that Mizoram has
710 long porous border with the neighbouring countries - Myanmar
and Bangladesh - which is being protected by the Assam Rifles
and the BSF. "The State has 8 Police Battalions which cannot meet
all the requirements including setting up of Police Outposts in
the border area," he said.
There was no presence of either
rebel groups or any training camps run by them in Mizoram, State
Home Minister R Lalzirliana said. In a written reply to a query
from K Liantlinga of the ZNP in the State Assembly in Aizawl,
the minister said the Government did not have any knowledge of
the presence of rebel groups and there were no training camps
being organised by them.
Replying to another question,
the minister said 237 arms and 6,345 rounds of ammunition were
seized by the State Police during the present Congress government
since 2009. Lalzirliana said the majority of the seized arms were
made locally and were destroyed in accordance with orders of the
courts. While some arms, especially small arms, were given to
individuals through court orders, the rest were kept in Police
DG of BSF, Subhash Joshi, along
with other senior BSF officers concluded a two-day (April 3-4)
visit of Karimganj and Mizoram border. The purpose of the visit
was to review the security scenario and border management on the
Indo-Bangladesh border in both the sectors. The DG revealed that
90 per cent of fencing was complete and the remaining portion
would also be completed soon.
| April 10
Objecting to the deployment of
armed forces and other issues in Mizoram, the ZORO - an organization
fighting for the unification of all Mizos - submitted a memorandum
to the President stating that several decisions taken by the Centre
and State Government, without consulting the Mizo people, be revoked.
ZORO's vice-president Lalmuanpuia Punte said the organization
took up a number of issues with President Pranab Mukherjee and
also sent copies to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Union home
minister P Chidambaram, defence minister A K Antony and chief
minister Lal Thanhawla. The organization urged the Centre to stop
the deployment and dismantle military installation already established
in the State. The ZORO also protested the ongoing border fencing
along the 318-kilometre-long Indo-Bangladesh border in the Mizoram
sector saying that a large chunk of Mizoram territory was outside
The ZORO also alleged that the
agreements signed between the oil exploration companies and the
State Government on hydrocarbon exploration in the State were
against the interests of the 'sons of the soil'. The ZORO also
opposed construction of dams for power generation through hydro-electric
projects in the State which would displace the indigenous people.
| April 11
AR has formed specially trained
commando teams comprising some select personnel from its ranks
for carrying out operations against insurgents in Assam, Mizoram
and Tripura. The training of these commando teams called "Fast
and Intense Strike Teams (FISTs)" was carried out at 21 Sector
Assam Rifles CIBS Teliamura in Tripura. The report further notes
that 16 such teams will now be operating in Tripura under the
21 Sector AR.
The Joint Monitoring Group to
monitor the implementation of the SoO signed between the Mizoram
Government and the HPC-D would hold a meeting on April 19, officials
said. The meeting would deliberate on the date and place for resumption
of talks between the Mizoram government and the Hmar outfit and
also discuss the observance of the bilateral SoO signed between
the two parties on January 31 in Aizawl. The Mizoram Government
and the HPC-D had earlier signed SoO for six months on November
11, 2010 but the proposed resumption of talks could not take off
due to differences between the two sides which resulted in a massive
crackdown on the Hmar outfit.
Top leaders of the outfit, H Zosangbera,
Lalropuia and Lalbiaknunga were arrested by the police in 2012.
All the arrested HPC-D leaders were released on bail and the talks
were initiated again during the first part of 2013. The HPC-D
has been demanding a separate ADC in the north eastern part of
the state adjoining Manipur under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
A report submitted
by the parliamentary standing committee on Home Affairs in the
Rajya Sabha (Upper House) states that Northeastern region witnessed
an overall increase in violence with Assam and Manipur accounted
for the bulk of incidents. The report also finds the level of
violence in Meghalaya and Nagaland higher than the previous year
while Tripura, Mizoram and Sikkim remained large peaceful. The
report shows that the incidence of violence has risen from 627
in 2011 to 1,025 in 2012 which was 773 in 2010 and 1,297 incidents
in 2009.The report further states that 3,562 militants were either
arrested or killed or surrendered in the region.
panel has contended that socio-economic development may be the
key solution to the ills of the region.
The MHA has set a
2014 deadline to complete fencing along the India-Bangladesh border.
This was revealed in a report tabled by a parliamentary panel
attached to MHA during the current session of Parliament. The
report said Union home secretary R.K. Singh had given the panel
an assurance in this regard in the last week of March 2013. The
report said the home secretary had admitted that illegal influx,
trans-border smuggling and movement of insurgents were major security
threats to the country that needed to be curbed by plugging gaps
in the border fence. He said these gaps had been classified and
those that could be fenced but did not have Government sanction
were being put up for sanction, adding that the Bangladesh Government's
permission would have to be taken for fencing gaps less 150 yards
from the Zero Line. The Union Home Secretary said there were,
however, places where fencing was not feasible. He said intruder
detection technology would have to be used in these places to
plug gaps and curb infiltration. He said though floodlights were
in place; availability of power was an issue. "We have requested
the ministry of power to give us direct allocation from the central
The core committee for Bru repatriation
has tentatively set the last week of May to shift the Mizoram
Brus to their original homes from a camp in Tripura. The committee
chairman, Lalrinmawia Ralte, asked both the Governments of Tripura
and Mizoram to co-ordinate their efforts to solve the issue. Representatives
of the two Governments will meet next week.
Mizoram Police seized three Chinese-made
grenades and ammunition from a farm house near Aizawl, Police
said. The announcement was made late as police expected that more
contraband was concealed in the farmhouse belonging to Rohmingliana,
who was arrested.
| May 4
Additional Superintendent of Police of Mamit District,
Sang Zoala, visited the refugee camps on May 4, held discussions
with MDBPF president Saibuanga on beginning the process of repatriation
from the last week of this month.
| May 6
A Home Ministry official said that the Mizoram
government has agreed to resume the rehabilitation of over 40,000
Bru tribals who had sought refuge in Tripura for about 16 years.
"Mizoram government's core committee on refugee repatriation headed
by Parliamentary Secretary for Home Lalrinmawia Ralte last week
held a meeting and decided to resume return of refugees this month-end,"
a Mizoram home department official told . The official said: "The
core committee has asked the District administration of the Mizoram's
Mamit district to finalise the schedule of the return after discussion
with counterparts in Tripura." The official said the MHA has asked
the Mizoram to re-start the stalled rehabilitation of refugees,
in coordination with Tripura.
Majority of Bru refugees in North Tripura District
are still reluctant to return to Mizoram even as Mizoram and Tripura
Governments, as instructed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, would
soon resume the repatriation process. President of MBDPF, A Sawibung
said no one in the relief camps, including the MBDPF leaders,
were informed about the proposal for fresh repatriation.
| May 7
Mizoram Government has resorted to what it termed
as "self-repatriation" approach to take back the Bru refugees
languishing in North Tripura for 16 years. A meeting of District
level core committee on Bru repatriation and settlement at Mamit
on May 7 chaired by Deputy Commissioner, V Lalremthanga discussed
the 'self-repatriation' exercise scheduled to begin from the last
week of May. The first phase of the "self-repatriation" is meant
for genuine Mizoram citizens in Asapara and Naisingpara who are
"willing" to return.
Official sources said the MHA has asked the Mizoram
to re-start the stalled rehabilitation of refugees, in coordination
with Tripura. According to an official report of the MHA, the
Central Government had sanctioned INR 178.6 million to the Mizoram
Government during the past two years for the rehabilitation of
refugees in their original areas in Mamit District.
The MZP, the apex Mizo student body, has advised
the Mizoram Government not to undertake the repatriation of Bru
refugees, proposed to begin by the end of May, unless the refugees
promise in writing that they are willing to return to Mizoram.
The MZP leaders, while addressing a press conference in Aizawl,
said that the Brus migrated from Mizoram to Tripura and settled
in the North Tripura District of their own will and refused to
return despite the concerted efforts of the Centre and the Mizoram