The Cease-fire Agreement, September
1. The Government of India welcomes the steps intended to bring about
peace in Nagaland and with this object in view, as already stated, they
will depute representatives, with whom will be associated the representatives
of the Government of Nagaland, to take part in talks with leaders of
the underground. The facilitate these talks and taking note of the letter
of August 10, 1964, referred to above, it has been ordered that with
effect from September 6, 1964, and for a period thereafter of one month
at present, the security forces will not undertake:
a. jungle operations;
b. raiding of camps of the underground;
c. patrolling beyond one thousand yards of Security posts;
d. searching of villages;
e. aerial action;
f. arrests; and
g. imposition of labour by way of punishment.
During this period fines connected with allegation of complicity with
underground activities will be imposed.
2. (a) Operations will be suspended as above on the understanding that
the underground have accepted that during this period they will refrain
(i) sniping and ambushing;
(ii) imposition of fines;
(iii) kidnapping and recruiting;
(iv) sabotage activities;
(v) raiding and firing on Security posts, towns and administrative centres;
(vi) moving with arms or in uniform in towns, villages and administrative
centres, wherever there are Security posts and approaching within one
thousand yards of Security posts.
(b) The assurance, contained in para 5 of the letter of August 10,
1964 is noted that during this period, the Underground will refrain
from moving with arms or in uniform in towns and villages and within
a radius of one thousand yards of security posts. The understanding
is confirmed that special arrangements may be made in cases where movement
with arms or in uniform becomes necessary in any area where there may
be risk of encounter with security forces, e.g. along or across or bridges.
3. The arrangement specified above are calculated to preclude any unexpected
encounter but in the event of encounter coming about, both sides will
during the period of stoppage of operations observe the rule "no
firing unless first fired upon".
4. The assurance is noted that, during the period of stoppage of operations,
in order to promote an atmosphere conducive to peaceful occupations
and free discussion there will be no parading with arms in inhabited
areas where security forces will not be present under this agreement.
5. I note that it has been agreed that on the international border security
forces will maintain patrolling to a depth of three miles as the crow
flies from the frontier and that arrangements will be made for modification
of the zone when the stoppage of operations is effected. For practical
consideration, I request that as suggested in your letter of August
12, arrangements may be made for reconsideration of the depth of this
zone at a very early date.
6. The assurance is noted that not arms will be imported from abroad
by the Underground during the period of stoppage of operations.
7. During the period of stoppage of operations the Government of India
will continue the protection of Army Convoys on maintenance service
and the usual road patrolling on either side of the road will continue.
The road patrols will withdraw when the last convoy of the day has passed.
The Underground may move about freely on the roads when the convoy has
passed the locality and also non-convoys days. The days of the week
and the particular routes used by the convoys will be practicable. It
may be necessary to have emergence convoys for such purposes as evacuation
of sick and wounded personnel. It may not be possible to give prior
information of these convoys. For such convoys however there will be
no road protection parties. They will move self-contained for protection.
It is noted that the depth of patrolling on the either side of the road
will be one hundred years. This is accepted for the present but 100
years is for practical reason inadequate and I would therefore ask that
this matter also should be kept upon for reconsideration at an early