Nagaland Timeline 2018

Date

Incidents

January 1

AR arrested an NNC-NA militant identified as sergeant major' Wongtong from Tuesang District. One .303 rifle, 24 live rounds were recovered from him.

An arms dealer was arrested from rom Indrapuri village in Tuensang District. The arms dealer has been identified as K Haothiu Khiamniungan. One .22 pistol, and a magazine with nine rounds of ammunition were recovered from him.

Nagaland has been declared "disturbed area" for six more months, till June-end under AFSPA. UMHA notified that it is of the opinion that the area comprising the whole of Nagaland is in such a "disturbed and dangerous condition" that use of Armed Forces in aid of the civil power is necessary. GoI declared that whole of the said state to be a ''disturbed area'' for a period of six months with effect from December 30, 2017.

January 2

An indefinite shutdown began in Tseminyu area in Kohima District press the demand for up gradation of Tseminyu sub-divisional headquarter into a full-fledged District headquarters. The strike has been called by the Rengma Naga frontal organizations in Kohima District.

January 3

Rh Raising, 'convenor' of the Steering Committee of NSCN-IM said that in order to arrive at an amicable solution for both the Nagas and GoI as agreed that GoI and Nagas will co-exist as two entities and share sovereign power between the two entities. Rh Raising stated that 'the historic Framework Agreement is the first Indo-Naga political agreement that opens up an era of a new relationship between the two' and added that the agreement is the legacy of both NSCN-IM and GoI.

January 4

Two NNC-NA militant identified as 'private' Joel Zeliang and Ghoikhu Swu were arrested in Dimapur for extortion.

An NSCN-R militant identified as Angukavi Yepthomi was arrested for extorting money from new Market area in Dimapur.

January 5

Six militants including two NSCN-K and four NSCN-KN militants were arrested at Meluri town in Phek District. SFs also recovered one carbine machine gun (CMG), two pistols, ammunition of various calibers and one hand grenade along with various incriminating documents. According to authorities, the arrested militants were involved in extortion and threatening local population.

January 8

Nagaland CM appealed to NSCN-K to restart the peace process with GoI. He stated that had dispatched a letter to the Myanmar-based NSCN-K leadership appealing to them to re-consider their stand, revisit the ceasefire agreement with GoI. NSCN-K had abrogated the cease fire agreement in March 2015.

January 12

AR arrested an arms dealer from Burma camp in Dimapur and recovered a .22 pistol. The dealer was identified as Neiwelhi Rume.

AR arrested NSCN-K militant Mhonthung Tungie in Wokha town in Wokha District.

January 13

AR arrested two individuals in Tethizu Hanging Bridge in Kiphire District. One .22 Rifle, one magazine and live rounds were recovered from the arrested individuals.

Two suspected arms dealers were arrested a joint operation in Blue Hill Station, Dimapur. One .22 mm Pistol, one magazine, live ammunition, one detonator, two Gelatin sticks and one Safety fuse were recovered.

EC has asked AR to increase its presence in the 1643-km-long Indo-Myanmar border to prevent Indian militants based in Myanmar from sneaking across the border and creating disturbance in poll-bound Nagaland. Nagaland CEO also stated that the inter-state and inter-District borders have been tightened to ensure a peaceful election which is due next month. The CEO added that GoI is sending 276 companies of additional CPMF for poll duty of which about 40 to 50 companies are scheduled to arrive in about three to four weeks.

January 13

The Union Government has asked the four states that share unfenced border with Myanmar to distribute "border pass" to all the residents living within 16 km from the boundary line. It has also asked the governments of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram to enroll the border residents under Aadhaar (unique identity card) on war footing.

January 16

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed security situation in the North-eastern States. According to official data, the security situation in the region has improved and insurgency-related incidents have gone down by 85 per cent in 2017 as compared to 2000. According to the data, there were 308 insurgency-related incidents in 2017, the lowest since 1997.

In 2000, 1,963 insurgency-related incidents had taken place in the Northeast. Also, the death toll of security personnel and civilians was lowest last year when 12 security forces personnel and 37 civilians were killed. The number of cases of kidnapping or abduction also went down by 40 per cent as 168 incidents were reported in 2016, which came down to 102 in 2017.

January 18

Dimapur Police arrested a suspected extortionist identified as Atovi Aye for allegedly extorting from truck drivers from Khushabill village in Dimapur.

January 19

Two NSCN-IM militants were arrested near Aoyimiti village junction Dimapur for abducting a trader. The arrested militants have been identified as Toki Achumi and Khetoho Jakhalu. The militant abducted the trader identified as Subash Kumar Jain from MP road in Dimapur and he was later released on the same day at Purana Bazar in Dimapur.

UMHA is considering creating a 29-battalion India-Myanmar Border Force from AR and ITBP to curtail smuggling, gun running and insurgent activities. The new force will patrol right up to the border. Currently, the 46-battalion strong AR guards the border but patrols up to 500 meters from the so-called zero line, which leaves the border partly porous. AR will be paired with 4 battalions from ITBP to form the new force, with ITBP in charge. This will result in ITBP not only patroling the 3,488-km LAC with China but also the border with Myanmar.

January 22

UNLFW an umbrella group of rebel groups on January 22 called for a total boycott of Republic Day celebrations. Khango Konyak, the newly appointed 'chairman' of UNLFW, in a statement said '(We want) a 24-hour total shutdown on January 26 and to engage concerted refusal by not attending or gathering at any governmental offices or public places within 24 hours of that day, except some emergency services.

January 23

NSCN-IM opposed the Assembly elections in Nagaland slated for February 27, saying it will be a serious obstacle towards finding an early political solution to the Naga problem. NSCN-IM in a statement said that they are committed to an early negotiated political settlement, but the election is "bound to undermine" the progress of the ongoing talks between them and the Centre. They also said that 'the decision taken by GoI Election Commission to hold election is bound to undermine the progress of the ongoing talks and become a serious obstacle towards finding an early political solution'. On January 18, the Election Commission announced that elections to the 60-member Assembly would be conducted on February 27.

NMA a civil society group urged political parties not to contest the February 27 Nagaland Assembly polls and demanded a solution to the insurgency problem first.

January 23

AR and NIA in a joint operation arrested three militants of NSCN-KN from Zubsa in Kohima District. The arrested militants were identified as 'brigadier' Aheto H Chophy, Witti Marak and Mughahoto Sumi.Aheto H Chophy was wanted in a case for clandestinely acquiring weapons and ammunition belonging to Nagaland Police and for insurgent violence.

Between 2000 and 2012 as 'brigadier' Aheto H Chophy had bought 75 weapons of various types, 62 magazines and 26,098 assorted ammunitions along with three bayonets from a Police official. Type-56 rifle, 2 pistols, 176 rounds of ammunition and INR 1,32,320 were recovered from the arrested militants.

January 28

NSCN-IM issued a declaration demanding solution to the insurgency issue before the Assembly elections. Currently GoI and NSCN-IM are conducting talks. The rebel group had said earlier that the elections will create serious obstacles for the peace process.

January 29

All political parties in Nagaland signed a joint declaration, refusing to issue tickets or file nominations for the Assembly elections scheduled for February 27. . The declaration came following a crucial meeting in state capital Kohima, between the Naga tribal civil society groups, who have been pressing upon the Centre to find a solution to the vexed peace process before the elections.

NSCN-IM convener' of 'steering committee' Rh Raising reaffirmed to cling to the 'Framework Agreement' and stand by it in 'all weathers'. . He also added that 'Framework Agreement was officially signed between and NSCN-IM as two entities on August 3, 2015, which recognizes the sovereign right, the unique history and identity of the Nagas and the land of the Nagas'. He also added that India and the Nagas will coexist as two entities and share sovereign power.

CCNTHCO stated that 'We on behalf of all the political parties and the intending candidates have, in compliance with the wishes of the people, decided not to go ahead with the issuance of party tickets or filing of nominations'.

January 30

NSCN-K militant identified as A. Konyak from Kohima. He was a 'kilonser' (minister) of the militant group. The arrested militant was reportedly involved in extortion activities.

CCNTHCO a joint front of tribal and civil organisations in the state has called for called for a State-wide general strike. CCNTHCO has been demanding the postponement of State Assembly elections until finding peaceful solution to the ongoing talks between GoI and NSCN-IM.

A civilian was abducted by NSCN-R militants from unspecified location.

January 31

A civilian abducted on January 30 was rescued and five militants of NSCN-R were arrested from Ayomiti village area in Dimapur District. The militants have been identified as 'lieutenant colonel' Khoto, 'major' Rikhum, 'major' Athsong Chang', 'captain' John Pomei and 'corporal' Shitmong. Two pistols, two magazines and five rounds of ammunition were recovered from the arrested militants.

AR arrested a NNC-NA militant in Chumukedima in Dimapur. he arrested militant was identified as Meyitipa Yaden Ao. The arrested militant was involved in extortion.

NNC militants were arrested at DC chowk area in Dimapur District. The arrested militants were identified as Mar Longkumar and Moatumsu Jamir.

February 2

NSCN-IM 'CAO' shot dead by unidentified assailants at Jalukie town in Peren District. He was the 'CAO' of NSCN-IM's 'Zeliangrong' region.

SFs recovered a pistol, a magazine and three rounds of ammunition from the house of a militant of FGN-NA in Mon District.

February 4

NSCN-IM asserted that it fully supported the decision of the Core Committee of CCNTHCO churches, tribal bodies on deciding for solution to the Naga issue and hence not to go for election. NSCN-IM also warned that any 'national worker' found defying the decision of the Naga people will face serious consequences. The statement also said 'We reiterate our stand that imposed election is not acceptable to the Naga people'.

Major political parties the BJP, Congress, NPF, NDPP, have made it clear that they would take part in the ensuing Nagaland assembly elections.

Suspected NSCN-K identified as 'captain' Phuto Konyak was arrested from Aboi town in Mon District.

February 6

Police arrested an extortionist identified as Lalan Sharma from Kohima. Documents of FGN, NSCN-IM, NSCN-K were recovered from him.

February 7

One individual was arrested with arms from Tenning in Peren District. One pistol and eight live rounds were recovered from the arrested individual, identified as Gaubeu Zeliang.

February 8

NSCN-IM has clarified that they will not use 'force or coercion' to make people boycott the upcoming election. NSCN-IM was first to announce its call for 'solution before election', which was later picked up by the larger Naga civil society.

February 7

AR arrested three extortionists from GS Road and Kalibari in Dimapur. The arrested individuals have been identified as Rajendra Prasad Yadav, Suraj Jain and Paras Jain. Incriminating documents including extortion notes and INR 553,710 were recovered from the arrestees.

February 9

SFs arrested an NSCN-KN militant identified as Neingumelie from Themazie Colony in Kohima District.

GoI is learnt to have assured Naga groups, political parties and armed organisations that all options are open, including re-elections in Nagaland, whenever an accord is finalized with NSCN-IM and other naga groups. Elections are expected to be held on February 27 in the state and results will be declared on March 3.

GoI has also reportedly assured that militant cadres may be absorbed after arriving at a solution. According to an official, 'There are a few options that we are looking at and we have sought an opinion from the rebel groups. One of them is to raise an All Naga IrBN. at the disposal of the state but the Centre can help fund and train them.

February 10

MoS for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju stated that GoI has revised stipend amount and fixed deposit for the surrendered militants in Northeast. The new surrender scheme will come into effect from April 2018. The monthly allowance would be increased from INR 3,000 to INR 6,000. Moreover, the militants will be given a relief amount of INR 400,000 which was earlier INR 1, 50,000.

Unidentified militant of unspecified affiliation arrested from Khipre District. A pistol and ammunition was recovered from the arrested militant

February 11

MoS for Home Affairs, Kiren Rijiju stated that Nagaland recorded 19 insurgency related incidents in 2017 in which three civilians were killed.

According to UMHA insurgency incidents in north-east declined by 63 per cent as compared to 2014 in and 36 per cent compared to 2016 as the year 2017 witnessed the lowest number of insurgency related incidents since 1997. There were 824 insurgency related incidents in 2014, 574 incidents in 2015, 484 in 2016, 308 in 2017. Civilian casualties has also recorded a decrease by 83 percent, from 212 in 2014 to 37 in 2017 while casualty rate of SFs declined by 40 percent, from 20 in 2014 to 12 in 2017.

February 12

NSCN-R militant identified as Isaka Awomi was arrested from Naharbari in Dimapur District. An AK-56 rifle, rifle with magazines, two .22 mm pistol with magazines and 50 and four live rounds of AK-56 and .22 pistol were recovered from him.

February 13

NIA summoned OSD to CM and two of his office staff for questioning in connection with a case of alleged terror funding. The case pertains to extortion attempts by NSCN-K, NSCN-IM and NNC from 14 different government departments. Earlier on January 18, 2017, the NIA conducted searches in various government departments in Nagaland and seized receipts that showed payments.

NIA stated that these seizures prima facie indicate the connivance of these government organisations in funding various underground organisations operating in Nagaland.' The departments include Directorate of Information Technology, Directorate of Soil and Water Conservation, Directorate of Irrigation, Directorate of Rural Development, Directorate of Urban Development, PWD, Roads and Buildings, and Directorate of Information and Public Relations. In November, massive protests rocked Kohima after seven government officials were reportedly arrested for funding underground groups, called Naga National Political Groups, through taxation.

Spokesperson of MEA stated that it will continue to support the peace process and that national reconciliation in Myanmar will also benefit the north-eastern states. The spokesperson stated that comprehensive peace and national reconciliation in Myanmar will also be conducive for peace and prosperity in India's north-eastern region. The statement came after two militant groups in Myanmar MNSP and LDU signed the NCA and joined the peace process.

February 15

AR arrested an NSCN-IM militant from Chekiye village in Dimapur District. The militant was identified as Pukhato and a .22 pistol with magazine and INR 17, 150 were recovered from him.

February 16

NPP candidate T Chalukumba, who is contesting the February 27 assembly elections, escaped an attempt on his life in Mokokchung District.

February 17 A BJP candidate escaped a suspected assassination attempt by unidentified assailants on February 17, near Yimpang village in Wokha District. The assailants reportedly first ambushed the convoy with machete and later resorted to firing. Three people were also wounded in the incident.
February 20

A BJP candidate escaped a suspected assassination attempt by unidentified assailants near Yimpang village in Wokha District. The assailants reportedly first ambushed the convoy of the candidate with machete and later resorted to firing. Three people were also wounded in the incident.

DC and District Electoral Officer Mokokchung, Sachin Jaiswal, has promulgated prohibitory order under Section 144 CrPc at Longkhum village in Mokokching District. According to an official bulletin, the prohibitory order was imposed in view of the apprehension of the possible breach of peace and disturbance of public tranquillity thereby vitiating the smooth conduct of election in the village. Under the order, the assembly of five or more persons and carrying of fire arms, stones, batons, explosive materials or any such items are prohibited.

DC and DEO Mokokchung, Sachin Jaiswal, has promulgated prohibitory order under Section 144 of CrPc at Longkhum village in Mokokchung District. According to an official bulletin, the prohibitory order was imposed in view of the apprehension of the possible breach of peace and disturbance of public tranquility thereby vitiating the smooth conduct of election in the village. Under the order, the assembly of five or more persons and carrying of fire arms, stones, batons, explosive materials or any such items are prohibited.

February 19

UMHA report stated that seven states in the northeast registered 308 militancy-related cases last year, down from 484 in 2016. The trend has been a downward one. In 2015, there were 574 insurgency-related cases reported while the year before that registered a staggering 824 such incidents. Formation of UNLFW. Nagaland registered 19 militancy related incidents.

Assam DGP stated that UNLFW has aided the revival of ULFA-I, which now receives support from NSCN-K in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

February 21

SFs recovered a .22 rifle with magazine & live rounds, one 12 bore double barrel gun, one 12 bore single barrel gun with live rounds from Mount View Colony in Dimapur.

Mon District Magistrate issued an order on February 21 promulgating the prohibitory order under section 144 Crpc enforcing night curfew for three months until May 21. The prohibitory order has been issued for areas of the Indo-Myanmar border in the 3 km belt under Mon District.

February 22

One individual was killed and another wounded in poll related violence in Tuli in Mokokchung District. The incident happened when supporters of a candidate pelted stones at the vehicle in which supporters of rival candidate was travelling.

AR recovered one 9 mm country made carbine with magazine, one 9 mm pistol with magazine, 14 live rounds and a radio set from Lozaphemi village in Phek District.

PM while addressing an election rally in Tuensang stated that GoI is working towards finding an honorable settlement to the vexed Naga issue. PM stated that 'We are working to end the political problems in Nagaland. I believe we'll be able to hammer out a political solution to the Naga problem within the next few months, which will be honorable and well-deserving for the people of Nagaland'.

February 24

Eight people were wounded, two with gunshot wounds in an incident of pre poll violence at Chungtia in Mokokchung District on February 24, reports Northeast Today. Mokokchung Superintendent (SP) stated that two platoons of SFs were deployed at Chungtia village and brought the situation under control. The SP also appealed and warned the public not to spread rumors through social media about election related matters. As per Police records more than 27 people have been arrested and one killed in poll related matters under Mokokchung.

BSF troopers deployed in Zunheboto, Kiphire, Phek and Kohima Districts are carrying out area domination, patrolling and other operations to sanitize entire area of deployment for smooth conduct of the election. According to BSF Commandant 'because of alertness, active domination of the area and various preventive measures by the BSF troops, there has been no any untoward incident and peaceful environment has been created in these areas before conduct of polling'.

February 25 AR recovered one .22 mm pistol with magazine and one live round. The recovery was made in Half Nagarjan under Dimapur from the house of NSCN-R militant militant identified as Kevise Zomi.
March 1

An NSCN-K militant identified as Vepa Hekho was arrested from Kohima District. The arrested militant was involved in extortion from in Kohima.

March 4

NSCN-IM militant identified as Tomomusu Yimchunger was arrested from Phuvkiu-Pungro road in Kiphire District. Arms and ammunition were recovered from the vehicle of the militant.

Myanmar has indefinitely deferred signing an agreement with India to streamline the free movement of people within 16 kilometers of Indo-Myanmar border. Myanmar sighted 'domestic compulsions' for deferring to sign the agreement and asked more time before the agreement is sealed. A senior government official stated that 'Myanmar has been dragging its feet on the agreement. They have asked for more time and are reluctant due to domestic compulsions. They fear that if they sign the pact, the international agreement will have to be adhered to'.

On January 3, the Union Cabinet had approved the agreement between India and Myanmar on land border crossing to enhance economic interaction between people of the two countries. The Government of India (GoI) had asked Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram to distribute "border pass" to all the residents living within 16 km from the border.

March 5

AR arrested two illegal arms manufacturers from general area Sungratsu, Chumukedima in Dimapur District.

AR arrested an unidentified individual and recovered a pistol, magazine, ammunition & war like stores in Longleng Town in Longleng District.

March 6

Governor P.B Acharya stated that Naga political issue would be resolved within six months. He added that inclusion of Naga areas from Manipur, Assam and Myanmar to form a greater Nagaland was a difficult task and might not be possible immediately.

March 9

An arms dealer was arrested from Tuli Mokokchung District. Four weapons and ammunition of varied calibre were recovered from the arrested dealer.

March 10

Two arms dealers were arrested from 4th mile in Dimapur. A pistol, two double barrel guns and varied ammunition were recovered from the arrested dealers.

NIA issued summons to former chief minister TR Zeliang, asking him to appear before it in Delhi on March 13 in connection with a probe on alleged "tax collection" and "extortion" from government departments by banned Naga insurgent groups. Earlier just before the elections in the state, NIA had summoned for questioning three senior officials of CMO including his officer on special duty (OSD) Ruokuovizo, and two public relation officers, Karibo and Kuirang. According to NIA, former Nagaland CM Zeliang's name has emerged while probing payments to NSCN-K. NIA probe has found that S Khetoshe Sumi, 'finance in charge' of NSCN-K who was arrested in 2017, was extorting money from state government officials.

March 11

NSCN-K militant identified as 'deputy secretary' Ukehtho Z Chopy was arrested from in general area jail colony in Kohima.

March 12

AR arrested a NSCN-K militant identified as 'major' Kisheto Ayemi from Kohima District. AR added that the arrested individual was involved in extortion.

March 15

AR arrested an NSCN-K militant identified as Thang Khomang from Medziphema in Dimapur. A .22 mm Pistol along with magazine was recovered from him.

GoI prepared to go ahead with signing of the Naga peace agreement without NSCN-K if the outfit does not join the peace process soon. Sources said that the Government is still willing to accommodate NSCN-K but if the outfit does not join the process soon, it would not be possible to wait for the outfit for an indefinite period.

Sources also stated that even if NSCN-K stays out of the peace process, it would not have much of an impact in the process as almost all the other outfits are talking with the Government. The civil society of Nagaland has also extended full support to the talks.

According to UMHA talks with NSCN-IM and the coordination committee of six other militant outfits of Nagaland are progressing well and the Government is hopeful that the final agreement would be signed soon.

Additionally, as per the circumstantial evidence available with intelligence agencies, the frequency of meetings between the militant groups having bases in Myanmar and Chinese agencies increased in recent times.

According to UMHA officials, a reason for NSCN-K not responding to call for peace talks could be that it is under the influence of the Chinese agencies. The security agencies of India are of the view that most of the militant groups of North East, who have bases in Myanmar, are under the influence of the Chinese agencies. Sources also added that in recent years, the NSCN(K) witnessed several splits and at present, most of the senior leaders of the outfit are of Myanmar origin. An official stated that 'such leaders want that the Naga inhabited areas of India and Myanmar should be together, which is not possible. They must understand that India and Myanmar are two separate sovereign countries and amalgamation of the Naga inhabited areas of both the countries would never be possible'.

March 16

AR arrested an individual with illegal weapons in Pimla village of Dimapur District. The recovered weapons included one .22 rifle with magazine, 27 live rounds of .22 rifle, 8 FCC .22 rifle, 3 FCC 12 bore rifle, and around 100 gram of explosives. The arrested individual was identified as Vighoto Kiba.

March 18

Former Nagaland Chief Minister, T.R. Zeliang has denied any involvement in alleged siphoning of Government funds to any militant outfit. He made this assertion while making a written submission before NIA. NIA has summoned Zeliang in a case related to siphoning of Government funds to NSCN-K.

March 20

NSCN-K leader Isak Sumi stated that 'peace can be possible only when all the conflicting parties genuinely aspire'. He also stated that 'NSCN-K has never been averse to peace or peaceful approach of resolving the issue'.

March 21

Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju that new rehabilitation policy for surrendered militants in the Northeast with almost doubled stipend will come into force from April. The monthly stipend for a surrendered militant has been revised from INR 3,500 to INR 6,000 and the one-time grant from INR 1,50,000 to INR 4,00,000.

More incentives have been added for the weapons surrendered. A surrender-cum-rehabilitation scheme for the Northeast militants is in force since April 1998. Many, however, said the stipend offered under the scheme needed revision as cadres of many outfits were resorting to crimes like extortion as the amount offered by the government had not been revised for years. An official statement said 'A surrender-cum-rehabilitation scheme for the Northeast militants is in force since April 1998. Many, however, said the stipend offered under the scheme needed revision as cadres of many outfits were resorting to crimes like extortion as the amount offered by the government had not been revised for years'.

The statement also said that Assam has spend about INR 75 million for militant rehabilitation while Manipur spend INR 11.9 million and Tripura 11.8 million Militants who have signed cease fire agreements have demanded that the stipend be increased to cater to rising prices and prevent youths from returning to militancy. Number of surrendered militants in north east has reduced from 1,195 in 2012 to 130 in 2017. The statement said at least 640 militants surrendered in 2013, followed by 965 in 2014, 143 in 2015, 267 in 2016 and three till February 2018.

UMHA is planning to create a separate Central fund for security related provisions and even for constructing the requisite police infrastructure and to get their forces trained to handle the local crime situation. A source in UMHA added that 'We will also give them training with weapons and intelligence gathering'. He also added that 'Local crime must be handled and citizens must engage with the local police for their grievances. Not only it infuses a sense of normalcy, the local police also get engaged in vital intelligence gathering to aid security forces. It gets further teeth to handle criminals and miscreants to ensure 'business as usual', eventually leading to big infrastructure projects, roads and connectivity networks and crime-free inter region passage to boost tourism'.

According to government sources, 'The MHA feels that the para-military and other special forces deployed in the region can be engaged exclusively in intelligence gathering against terror modules, patrolling the borders and for special operations other than local crime and maintaining law and order in North Eastern States'.

According to sources in government the idea to engage the local police is encouraged by its recent experiences in Manipur and Assam. A source stated that 'In Manipur, the abductions have come down drastically since we started engaging the local police to handle it. In Assam too, the violent incidents have come down and we're now laying our focus on other States like Arunachal, Mizoram and Nagaland to tackle crimes of cross-border infiltration as the para-forces can check on the borders, but those who still sneak in can only be identified and caught with local intelligence gathered by State cops'.

March 22

A non naga business man identified as Joy Chandra was shot and wounded by two unidentified assailants at Nagarjan area in Dimapur. Police recovered one empty shell of .22 pistol from the incident scene.

An NSCN-K militant identified as Mhasibeituo Moses Yhome was arrested by Security Forces from Kohima. A lap top, INR 35, 910 and 42 extortion notes were recovered from the arrested militant.

NTC a conglomerate of Naga tribes urged the GoI to restore ceasefire agreement with NSCN-K and initiate political negotiation to bring all NNPGs to negotiating the table. The NTC also said that the latest statement of the NSCN-K which said that the outfit is 'not averse to peace' is a positive gesture.

March 23

A restaurant owner identified as Rekha Das was shot and wounded by unidentified assailants on March 23, at Nepali Basti in Dimapur.

March 25

NIA has arrested 3 more Nagaland state government officials in connection with an investigation pertaining to monetary collection on behalf of NSCN-K. The arrested officials included a Director of the Department of Agriculture, an Executive Engineer of the Department of Rural Development and a Divisional Accounts Officer of the Department of Urban Development. According to an official release, the officials face charges of 'providing substantial amount to NSCN (K) by way of contributing Government funds'.

The release also said that the officials had also paid huge amounts of money to various other Naga National Political Groups during 2012-2016. The arrest of the three officials and others before them began after the NIA arrested two NSCN-K cadres in 2016 which subsequently resulted in a paper trail. As per the release, the NIA had arrested NSCN-K cadres - S. Khetoshe Sumi, 'finance-in-Charge of Kohima and Dimapur" and another militant identified as Victo Swu.

March 26

To check terror financing in the North-East, GoI has ordered an inquiry by NIA. GoI has also firmed up plans to enhance the operational capability of Border Guarding Force and address the connectivity issues by constructing helipads along Indo-Myanmar border. New Company Operating Bases (COBs) are also being planned to be set up closer to Indo-Myanmar border..

The insurgency related civilian casualties declined in all states except in Assam where it increased from nine in 2015 to 29 in 2016. Additionally, the number of abductions also decreased in the region from 267 in 2015 to 168 in 2016. Counter Insurgency operations led to the killing of 87 militants, arrest of 1202 and recovery of 605 arms in 2016 in the region.

Five NSCN-IM militants arrested from Itangki, Athibung in Peren District. The militants were arrested for illegal procession of weapons. The arrested militants have been identified as 'major' Hanger Walling, 'lieutenant' Isak Sumi, 'private' Wishing Awoishinh and Kheka Sumi. Two 12 bore rifles, one .22 mm rifle, 16 live rounds of 12 bore rifle, 37 live rounds of .22 mm rifle and six detonators were recovered from the arrested militants.

Five NSCN-IM militants arrested from Itangki, Athibung in Peren District. The militants were arrested for illegal procession of weapons. The arrested militants have been identified as 'major' Hanger Walling, 'lieutenant' Isak Sumi, 'private' Wishing Awoishinh and Kheka Sumi. Two 12 bore rifles, one .22 mm rifle, 16 live rounds of 12 bore rifle, 37 live rounds of .22 mm rifle and six detonators were recovered from the arrested militants.

Two NSCN-K militant identified as 'sergeant' Wangnao Takhe (Wangyah), 'corporal' Khaopa Konyak , Hongshai Konyak and Achae Konyak were arrested during a search operation at Aboi Chenmoho junction in Mon District. A 7.65 mm pistol, one .22 Pistol, seven live rounds 7.65mm, five live rounds .22, INR 4,52,940 were recovered from the arrested militants.

March 29

A militant of NSCN-KN identified as 'private' Mosia was arrested from Athibung in Kohima District. Four extortion slips and INR 2,000 were recovered from him.

An individual was arrested for extortion from Dimapur's Dhobinala area. The arrested individual has been identified as Pukhato Kiba. A .22 pistol with magazine, one .22 live round and INR 3,915 were recovered from him.

RNPO the apex body of the Rongmei tribe living in Assam, Manipur and Nagaland expressed its 'gratitude' to NSCN-IM) for recognising Zeme, Liangmai and Rongmei tribes as separate communities. The organisation said clubbing of these tribes together as a single tribe with the nomenclature Zeliangrong for so long had created confusion and had also suppressed their right to assert their separate identities.

ZUF condemned the alleged high handed decision of the NSCN-IM for trifurcation of Zeliangrong into separate communities Zeme, Liangmai and Rongmei in its meeting held on March, 23.

Working committee of NNPG currently negotiating with the GoI took a serious note of defection of national workers among NNPGs and held an emergency meeting in Delhi to discuss the issue. In a statement later issued to the media WC convener, N Kitovi Zhimomi, and four co- conveners, Wangtin Naga, Zhopra Vero, Kiumukum and Z Hozheto Chophy appealed to NNPG workers to recommit and rededicate themselves to whichever NNPG they were affiliated and owe allegiance to.

April 1

NSCN-R militant identified as 'corporal' Mankub Phom and three civilians were arrested for procession of illegal arms and ammunition from Longleng in Mokokchung District. The arrested civilians have been identified as Taushong Phom, Nganom Phom and and Phamugee. Nine muzzle loading rifles, one 12 bore rifle, one .22 rifle and pistol with magazines, ten live AK-47 rounds, 12 live 12 bore rounds, 46 live .22 rounds, 27 live 7.35 rounds, 50 grams gun powder, brown sugar and opium worth INR 1,15,000 and INR 30, 742 were recovered from the arrested individuals.

April 4

NSCN-K OGW identified as Nokpho Konyak was arrested from Chenmoho in Mon District. The arrested OGW was carrying opium strips for militants of NSCN-K.

One individual was arrested with illegal arms and ammunition from Chandmari Colony in Kohima District. A 7.65 Pistol, one 7.65 Revolver, three 7.65 live rounds one magazine and tools for weapon repair and documents were recovered from him.

Move by NSCN-IM to recognise Zeme, Liangmai and Rongmei as separate tribes, who were earlier clubbed together as Zeliangrong Is being opposed, as Zeliangrong public consultative meeting expressing its opposition to the move.

Zeliangrong public consultative meeting held on April 3 at Zeliangrong Baudi Hall, Jalukie Peren district adopted five-point resolution, signed by Zeliangrong Baudi (AMN) president, Athuan Abonmai; All Zeliangrong Students' Union president, Nchahing Kompoing and Zeliangrong Youth Front president, Titus Kamei. They stated that NSCN-IM decision to trifurcate the three tribes without prior consent of the people was completely contradictory to "Zeliangrong Tribe" as recognised by the 'naga nation in all platforms.' The meeting also demanded a rollback of NSCN-IM decision by April 30, 2018.

April 7

Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju on stated that NSCN-IM has dropped the "sovereignty" issue and the talks are going on within the framework of the Constitution. He also added that the Framework Agreement is for "tangible solution" to the protracted Naga political problem, without causing any adverse impact on States adjoining Nagaland.

April 8

NSCN-IM flayed Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju for making statements on its ongoing negotiation with the GoI. NSCN-IM stated that the Minister was 'incompetent' " to comment about the peace talks.

April 9

SFs arrested a suspected extortionist near Kukidolong in Dimapur District. SFs arrested the extortionist during a vehicle check and recovered extortion money of INR 1,27,500. Extortion slips of NSCN-K, NSCN-R, NNC-NA were recovered.

April 10

MoS Kiren Rijiju stated denied giving any statement regarding negotiations with NSCN-IM. He stated that ' I have not used any words except that territorial integrity of all States would be maintained'.

April 11

According to UMHA report due to cooperation from Bangladesh and Myanmar, activities of IIGs have been contained. The report also stated that. In order to enhance the operational capability of the border guarding force and address connectivity issues, a border infrastructure project involving construction of roads and helipads along the Indo Myanmar border is being planned. New COB are also being planned to be set up closer to the Indo-Myanmar border. Along Indo-Myanmar border, 10 kilometer fencing between Border Post No. 79-81 at Moreh has been approved at INR 359.9 Million. A fencing of approximately four km has been completed and an amount of INR 224.1 Million. Along 1643 Kilometre border with Myanmar, 1,472 km has been demarcated.

According to the UMHA report, there are only two un-demarcated portions along the Indo-Myanmar border: Lohit sub-sector of Arunachal Pradesh - 136 kilometeres and Kabaw Valley in Manipur - 35 kilometeres, border fencing between boundary pillar No. 79 and No. 81 in Moreh.

SSB According to the UMHA report, there are only two un-demarcated portions along the Indo-Myanmar border: Lohit sub-sector of Arunachal Pradesh - 136 kilometeres and Kabaw Valley in Manipur - 35 kilometeres, border fencing between boundary pillar No. 79 and No. 81 in Moreh. The ITBP has established 173 BOPs along the Indo-China border, said the report.

GoI has approved of construction of 313 km border road at a cost of Rs 1,259 crore in Assam along the Indo-Bhutan border. The construction work has not yet started due to pending land acquisition.

April 12

SFs recovered including 12 Bore Rifles, Muzzle loaded Rifles, live rounds of 9mm pistol & .22 mm, .22 empty cases and a crude bomb after launching a search operation at Upper Mt Tiyi Colony in Wokha District

April 16

NSCN-IM in pursuant to the tribe recognition by its government, has issued an order informing that six tribes shall be affiliated to all Naga apex and frontal organizations. The six tribes recognized by NSCN-IM are Khoibu, Aimol, Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmei and Ollo.

April 20

GoI has extended ceasefire agreement with NSCN-R for an year, with effect from April 28, 2018 till April 27, 2019. . According to a MHA statement, the agreement was signed on April 19, 2018 by Satyendra Garg, joint secretary of MHA and Viniho Kiho Swu, co-supervisor and Toshi Longkumer, member on behalf of NSCN-R.

April 21

A militant of NSCN-IM was arrested from Khekiho in Dimapur District. The arrested militant has been identified as P Renthungo Odyuo who is the 'under secretary' of NSCN-IM. Cash receipt books, and other incriminating evidences were recovered from the arrestee.

Two NSCN-R militants were arrested from a hotel in Eros Lane in Dimapur. The arrested militants were identified as Phumthyan Puimi, Abi Kinny and Kinito Kinnimi. One pistol, with magazine, six live rounds extortion booklets of shop tax, booklet of shop tax receipt, booklet of vehicle tax receipt and INR 15, 240 were recovered from the arrested militants.

April 22

A truck driver identified as Tula Ram Bura Gohain and his helper identified as Adman Surin were abducted by unidentified assailants near New Helipong village under Tuensang District. Dimapur Police arrested an extortionist identified as Lukheto Chophy while he was extorting money from truck drivers in Dimapur District.

April 23

GoI has revised the surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy of militants in the northeastern states with effect from April 1. The grant for surrendered militants has been raised to INR 4,00,000 from INR 1,00,000 and the monthly stipend to INR 6,000 from INR 3,500 for three years. According to UMHA official, revised policy also includes provisions for vocational training, funds for construction of rehabilitation camps and compulsory Aadhaar biometric registration of surrenderees. The surrender-cum-rehabilitation policy in the Northeast has been implemented since 1998. Under the revised SRE in the region, ex gratia for civilians killed has been doubled to INR 1,00,000 and for Police personnel it has been increased to two million from INR 3,00,000. For Police personnel who suffer from permanent disability the ex gratia has been increased from INR 75,000 to INR 3,00,000. Additionally, the salary for home guards has been increased from INR 4,500 to INR 6,000. Moreover, honorarium for village defence guards doubled to INR 3,000.

April 24

A militant of NSCN-IM was arrested from an unspecified location

April 25

A militant of NSCN-K was arrested from an unspecified location. Weapons recovered included a pistol, an AK 47 rifle and atleast four country made guns.

April 26

OTUD Dimapur staged a protest outside the office of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL) depot at Kevijau Colony in Dimapur District demanding safe and unconditional release of a driver and helper.

April 28

NSCN-KN militnat was arrested from Mon District. The militant has been identified as Noktat Konyak. Extortion notes and thret letters were recovered from the arrested militant. NSCN-K militant identified as Nikato Yeptho was arrested from Old Natha, Zunheboto District. About 25 extortion letters and INR 19000 were recovered from the arrestee.

April 30

Three NSCN-K militants were arrested from Purana Bazar & Green Park 4th Mile in Dimapur District. The arrested individuals were identified as Eska Chisi, Kito Chisi and Kheio Sema. A .22mm Rifle, .32mm pistol, live rounds and INR 1,01,922 were recovered from the arrested militants.

May 1

Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju said that AFSPA will continue in Nagaland as it is a "special case" and the "peace agreement" hasn't been finalized. Apart from eight police stations in Arunachal Pradesh, where ASFPA continues to be imposed, Nagaland, Manipur and Assam are the only three States in the North East that continue to be under AFSPA. Last year, the Home Ministry gave up its power and asked the Assam government to take a decision on continuing AFSPA in the State. The Union Minister stated that 'revocation of AFSPA in Meghalaya is definitely related to improvement of the security scenario in the NE. AFSPA is imposed both by the State and the Centre. It was withdrawn by Tripura (in 2015). It is a joint effort by the State government and the Centre. Security is a subject where both the Centre and the State should come together without any politics. In Assam also the situation has improved, that is why the Home Ministry withdrew it but it is imposed by the State government. Nagaland is a special case…the peace agreement has not come about yet. There are many underground factions as well. There are issues like rivalry among different factions…I cannot say about the future policy'.

May 3

Assam Rifles arrested three NSCN-IM militants from a house in 5th Mile in Dimapur. The arrested militants have been identified as 'second lieutenant' Wungbam Zimik, 'sergeant major' Lamnei Kon and 'lance corporal' Leli Mao. Threee firearms including one 9mm pistol with magazine, one .32 pistol with magazine, two rounds of 9mm ammunition, two rounds of .32 ammunition, one bullet AK-47, eight mobiles and three pairs of combat clothes were recovered from the arrested militants.

A truck driver and his helper who were abducted on April 22 from New Helipong village under Tuensang District were safely released. Earlier on April 30 Kohima Petroleum Dealers' Association, Dimapur Petroleum Dealers' Association, Nagaland Tanker Transport Association and Oil Tanker Drivers' Union - had called an indefinite closure of all oil pumps and oil transportation activities in Nagaland after the expiry of the deadline they set for the release of the driver, Tularam Buragohain, and handyman Adman Surin.

Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio stated that was no deadline for finding a solution to the decades-old insurgency problem. Rio also said the AFSPA which empowers security forces to conduct operations, arrest anyone, anywhere, without prior notice, should be removed from everywhere, but the controversial law was still in force in Nagaland as the situation in the state was still not conducive. Asked about the possibilities of raising objections by some neighbouring states due to the demand of integration of Naga inhabited areas, the chief minister said, "We don't want to talk about conflict and focus is on to co-exist".

May 5

Two militants of NSCN-IM and NNC were arrested in separate incidents from Khermahal, Dimapur Golaghat road and Burma camp Dimapur District. Incriminating documents and illegal weapons were recovered from the arrested militants

May 11

A militant of NNC-NA was arrested near Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Kohima. At least 119 extortion slips were recovered from the arrested militant.

May 13

Two persons identified as Zhovi Weo and Unit Gogoi were arrested from Chumkedima in Dimapur District for possessing one .22 pistol with magazine and one .22 caliber live round.

May 14

Dimapur Police arrested an individual identified as Himato Yepthomi while issuing extortion slips of NSCN-K to establishments at New Market area in Dimapur.

May 17

AR arrested two NSCN-K militants from in Metro Hospital area in Dimapur District. The arrested militants have been identified as N Vitoshe Zhimomi alias Jordan and Kiyezhe Chophy. Atleast 15 NSCN-K extortion letters 50 .22 mm live ammunition, 38 numbers of 12 bore live ammunition, three mobile phones and INR 4000 was recovered from the militants.

Dimapur Police arrested two extortionists from Gorapatti area near New Field Check Gate while they were demanding money from truckers

Source:Compiled from news reports and are provisional.