Memorandum of Understanding
with Tripura National Volunteers (TNV), 1988
The following is the text of the "memorandum of settlement"
to end insurgency in Tripura:
Government of India have been making efforts to bring about a satisfactory
settlement of the problems of tribals in Tripura by restoring peace
and harmony in areas where disturbed conditions prevailed.
The Tripura National Volunteers (TNV), through their letter dated 4
May, 1988, addressed to the Governor of Tripura and signed by Shri Bejoy
Kumar Hrankhawl, stated that keeping in view the Prime Minister Shri
Rajiv Gandhis policy of solution of problems through negotiations,
TNV have decided to abjure violence, give up secessionist demand and
to hold negotiations for a peaceful solution of all the problems of
Tripura within the Constitution of India. The TNV also furnished its
by-laws which conform to the laws in force. On this basis, a series
of discussions were held with representatives of TNV.
The following were the outcome of the discussions:
Deposit of Arms and Ammunition and stopping of underground activities
The TNV undertakes to take all necessary steps to end underground activities
and to bring out all undergrounds of the TNV with their arms, ammunition
and equipment within one month of signing of this memorandum. Details
for given effect to this part of settlement will be worked out and implemented
under the supervision of the Central Government.
The TNV further undertakes to ensure that it does not resort to violence
and to help in restoration of amity between different sections of the
The TNV undertakes not to extend any support to any other extremist
group by way of training, supply of arms or providing protection or
in any other manner.
Rehabilitation of undergrounds
Suitable steps will be taken for the resettlement and rehabilitation
of TNV undergrounds coming overground in the light of the schemes drawn
up for the purpose.
Measures to prevent infiltration
Stringent measures will be taken to prevent infiltration from across
the border by strengthening arrangements on the border and construction
of roads along vulnerable sections of the Indo-Bangladesh border in
Tripura section for better patrolling and vigil. Vigorous action against
such infiltrators would also be taken under the law.
Reservation of seats in the
Tripura Legislative Assembly for tribals
With a view to satisfying the aspirations of tribals of Tripura for
a greater share in the governance of the State, legislative measures
will be taken including those for the enactment of the Bill for the
amendment of the Constitution.
The Constitutional amendments shall provide that notwithstanding anything
contained in the Constitution, the number of seats in the Legislative
Assembly of Tripura reserved for scheduled tribes shall be such number
of seats as bears to the total number of seats, a proportion not less
than the number, as on the date of coming into force of the constitutional
amendment, of members belonging to the scheduled tribes in the existing
Assembly bears to the total number of seats in the existing Assembly.
The Representation of the Peoples Act, 1950, shall be amended
to provide for reservation of 20 seats for the scheduled tribes in the
Assembly of Tripura. However, the amendments shall not effect any representation
in the existing Assembly of Tripura until its dissolution.
Restoration of alienated lands of tribals
It was agreed that following measures will be taken:
Review of rejected applications for restoration of tribal land
under the Tripura Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act, 1960;
Effective implementation of the law for restoration;
Stringent measures to prevent fresh alienation;
Provision of soil conservation measures and irrigation facilities
in tribal areas; and
Strengthening of the agricultural credit system so as to provide
for an appropriate agency with adequate tribal representation to
ensure easy facilities for both consumption and operational credit
Redrawing of the boundaries of Autonomous District Council Area
Tribal majority villages which now fall outside the autonomous district
council area and are contiguous to such areas will be included in the
autonomous district and similarly placed nontribal majority villages
presently in the autonomous district and on the periphery may be excluded.
Measures for long-run
Economic development of Tripura
Maximum emphasis will be placed on extensive and intensive skill-formation
of the tribal youths of Tripura so as to improve their prospects of
employment including self-employment in various trades such as motor
workshops, pharmacies, electronic goods, carpentry, tailoring, stationary,
weaving, rice and oil mills, general stores, fishery, poultry, piggery,
horticulture, handloom and handicrafts.
Special intensive recruitment drives will be organised for police and
paramilitary forces in Tripura with a view to enlisting as many tribal
youths as possible.
All-India Radio will increase the duration and content of their programmers
in tribal languages or dialects of Tripura. Additional transmitting
stations will be provided for coverage even of the remote areas of the
The demands relating to self-employment of tribals, issue of permits
for vehicles to tribals for commercial purposes, visits of tribalmen
and women to such places in the country as may be of value for the viewpoint
of inspiration, training and experience in relevant fields will be considered
sympathetically by the government.
At least 2,500 Jhumia families will be rehabilitated in five
centres or more in accordance with model schemes based on agriculture,
horticulture including vegetable growing, animal husbandry, fisheries
and plantations, with a view to weaning them away from Jhum cultivation.
The scheme would also provide for housing assistance.
In the autonomous district council area of Tripura, rice, salt and
kerosene oil will be given at subsidised rates during lean months for
a period of three years.
Conscious effort will be made for effective implementation of the provisions
of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution in so far as it relates to