Constitution of The National Liberation
Front Of Tripura
Twipra State was ruled by as many as hundred and eighty-four
kings of the indigenous Borok people of the state since the time immemorial.
It means that Twipra was a Princely, Independent and Peaceful state
Which had a self-rule, reliancy and possessed a glorious history prior
to its occupation forcefully by the subjugation policy of imperialist
Hindustani(India) on October 15, 1949. From that period with down of
India's independence the sun set has begun on the glorious independent
state of Twipra.
The indigenous people know as Borok have been completely
marginalised by the continuing influx of immigration of foreign nationals
and socio-politico and economically we are exploited, oppressed and
suppressed and is facing from the identity crisis due to the menacing
chauvinism, imperialism of the so-called Aryan descendants of Hindustan(India).
There is a threat to our language, customs and religious initiating
culture genocide through the process of religions, language and culture
conversion to minimize us and swallow up wholly. Violation of the basic
Human Rights occurs with regular frequency through state agency, Indian
security force and the like. And also the Govt. of India imposed with
a plethora of draconian acts such as the Armed
Forces Act, 1958 Terrorist and Disruptive Activities(Preventive)
the National Security Act(NSA) on to the innocent indigenous Borok people
of Twipra as well as the south east Himalayan entire region in order
to prevent insurgent outfit. These are the regular practise of imperialist
Hindustan(India) to uproot indigenous people from their ancestral home
land. In this way, all the power in political and economic distinctness
were craftfully snatched away from us were by aboriginal Borok people
of Twipra has turned to become slavery and losses everything control
over their ancestral land.
In this juncture the Borok, the aboriginal ethnic group
of Twipra has strongly determinded and binded by solemn promised with
self blood to liberate the Borok land Twipra with arm struggle for distinct
and independent identity of Borok civilisation and to free from socio
politico and economic exploitation, oppression, suppression and neo-colonisation.
Assuming to achieved this historic Oath for the national cause some
nationalist Borok youth congregated at Ganda Twisa on 12th March. 1989
and formed the National Liberation Front of Twipra(NLFT)
and its Armed wing the National Holy Army(NHA) has been revealed on
11th December, 1991 through the arms operation offensive
on Twinani outpost' under Udaipur sub-division.
The 'Borok' herein is used in broader sense. From the
historical and demographic accounts of the indigenous people of Twipra,
it is crystal clear that the indigenous people known as Borok(earlier
known as Twipra in Kokborok) are the Tibeto-Burman linguistic family
of Mongoloid origin from Central Asia. In a series of successive waves
of migration this population stream moved about 3000 B.C. from their
original abode to south-east Asia and in course of time they reached
to south-east Himalaya region and settled down in different parts of
the entire region or abroad accrossing the great Himalaya range. And
a group of them settled down at the confluence of river Ganges through
the course of Tsangpo(Bramhaputra) river which means the term' TWIPRA'
in kokborok terminology of the term 'confluence of water'('TWI' means
water 'PRA' means junction or mouth of river) where the Borok people
permanently settled and extended their kingdom eastward, southward and
westward upper and lower Tsangpo(Bhramaputtra). In the passage of time
its geographical area was reduced to the present state of 10,477 sq.
km. The Borok,(geographically or territorially known as Twiprasa) the
aboriginal ethnic group comprise of Debbarma, Reang, Jamatia, Rupini,
Koloi, Uchui, Noatia, Halam, Hrangkhwal, Ranglong, Kaipeng, Twipra,
Malsum, Lushai, Murasing, Mog, Bongcher, Choroi, Darlong, Kochesandthe
like. And according to having linguistic and cultural affinities the
Boros, Chuiyas, Laltung, Sonowals, Dimachas, Rabhas etc. are to be of
The Aims and Objectives of the National Liberation
Front of Twipra.
The immediate object of the party is to overthrow imperialism,
capitalism and neo-colonialism from the Country with armed struggle
for distinct and independent identity of the Borok civilisation
To liberate the Borokland Twipra complete freedom and transform
a People's Republic Government with a view to established the true
Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the state.
With a view to free the Borok Nation from the socio-political and
economic exploitation, oppression, suppression and neo-colonisation
shall be set up an organisation which through village mobilisation
and indoctrination classes inspirit and instill nationalism and
socio-politico and economic consciousness among the illiterate,
uneducated and ignorant Borok people of Twipra. And for furtherance
of the cause of the traditional indigenous culture and beliefs of
the people through seminars, discussions, literature, education
and other project of public utility.
To send observers or participants delegates to national and international
seminars, conferences or training programmes and to improve the
channel of communication for National Liberation in alliance with
other armed revolutionary organisations of the oppressed aboriginal
nationalities of the world through discussion, publication of books
and journals and other such media.
To open literacy centres and library at a place where the local
committee of the party is located for the purpose of publicity and
to assist other organisation recognised by the central committee
of the party as socio-religio-cultural organisation in the establishment
of such new projects or strengthening existing projects.
To encourage among men/women in setting up trading centre through
the social reformation in different places of the country or abroad.
To create funds for the welfare of the masses, especially for the
emancipation from the poverty of the Country.
Assuming all these above cited aims and objectives
of the party with a view to materialize every efforts for the liberation
of Borok civilisation, the Constitution with the spirit and the guide-line
of the organisation was adopted in the Constituent Assembly with some
omission of the drafted Constitution of the NLFT by Chief Political
Advisor Mwchang Japang Debbarma and some inclusion through discussion
was produced & approved in the Central Executive meeting on 15th
I do believe and hope the spirit of the Constitution
will lead dynamically to every member of the NLFT in a strict and
well disciplined way of true revolutionary life and will steer the
whole Borok Nation for the National Liberation Movement.
"SACRIFICE FOR LIBERATION"
Mwchang B. M. Debbarma.
WE, THE REVOLUTIONARY BOROK PEOPLE OF TWIPRA, having
solemnly resolved to constitute a revolutionary organisation to liberate
the Borokland TWIPRA for distinct and independent identity of BOROK
CIVILISATION. And to free from SOCIO-POLITICO AND ECONOMIC exploitation,
oppression and colonisation.
And Transform into --
PEOPLES REPUBLIC GOVERNMENT vested in the society of
the people's of Twipra to protect and promote LIBERTY of thought expression,
belief, faith and worship.
EQUALITY to promote of status and opportunity among
all: JUSTICE and FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and
among them all others of the nation in socio-economic and political.
AND TODAY, THE 22ND DECEMBER, 1991 IN OUR CONSTITUTION
ASSEMBLY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELF THIS CONSTITUTION.
Art. No. 1.
(a) NAME : The name of the revolutionary
party shall be the NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT OF TWIPRA to be used
in abbreviation as NLFT and its armed wing shall be the NATIONAL
HOLY ARMY as to be used NHA in abbreviation.
(b) FLAG: The Flag of the party shall
be Tri-colour in the ratio of 3 :2 size(length to breadth) comprising
of Green, White and Red colour and a Star shall be affixed on the
middle of green portion.
(i) Green colour - It signifies 'Sovereignty'
of the land(country) where we live in.
(ii) White colour - It signifies 'Peace'
of the land who are peace loving and they shall continue to
fight/struggle for their peaceful means.
(iii) Red colour - It signifies 'Revolution'.
The peace loving people will get down to revolution to achieve
their goals/right at the cost of even bloodshed if it so warranted.
(iv) Star - A star on the green portion
of the Flag signifies to be the guiding anchor for the whole
Art. No, 2.
There will be two ELEPHANT(recognised by the party
as national animal of Twipra) standing unitedly side by a guiding STAR
with intersect SWORD over the head and a TOKYUNG(Tumbill bird, recognised
as national bird of Twipra) flying over the sword shall be constitute
the EMBLEM of the party and it shall signify THE TRUTH with the spirit
of UNITY we stand for LIBERATION.
Art. No. 3.
KOKBOROK(in Roman Script) and ENGLISH shall be the
official language of the NLFT.
Art. No. 4.
(a) Any person irrespective of caste, sex or creed
who is dedicated to what is best in the traditional culture and
belief of the Country and subscribing to the aims and objectives
of the party's subject to his/her subscribing the aims and objectives
of the party and to the rules and regulations hereafter.
(b) There will be an annual renewal of membership
of all categories. The central committee shall have the power to
relax the periodicity of renewal under special circumstances.
Art. No. 5.
There shall be the following categories of members
(a) A former member of another party shall not
be enrolled as an applicant member without the prior approval of
the central committee.
(b) Member : A member is one who on satisfactory
completion of the period of applicant ship is granted membership
of the party.
A member shall require to give priority to his/her
party assignment overall other personal incumbents and shall work
regularly on an average at least three or four hours everyday for
(c) Staff Members :A staff is a member who
in the process of his/her struggle to attain identification of his/herself
with the cause of the class; the party and revolution has placed
himself/herself fully at the disposal of the party voluntarily and
happily. Staff membership shall be granted only by the central committee
of the party.
Art. No. 6.
Every application for membership shall be made individually
to the local committee or the party body authorised by the central committee
for the purpose duly recommended by two members of the party. Every
recommendation, shall be among, others contain information the ideological
standard and aptitudes, character and personal record of the applicant.
Art. No. 7.
The status of an applicant member enrolled by a local/primary
committee or another party body authorised for the purpose by the central
committee may be taken away by the regional/divisional committee if
on recommendation of the respective enrolling party body and the regional/divisional
committee, the central committee finds him/her during the period application
ship unfit to be in the party.
Art. No. 8.
In case the Local/Regional committee recommends for
suspension or expulsion of a member belonging to the local/regional
from the party, the concerned divisional committee shall take the appropriate
decision provided that the concerned member, if not satisfied with the
decision of divisional committee shall have the right to appeal to the
central committee direct. In respect of a staff member, only the central
committee shall have the power to take disciplinary action, either on
recommendation from the divisional committee or on its own.
Art. No. 9.
During the pendency of any proceeding against a member
he/she shall be bound by the existing decision of me party body he/she
belongs to including any work entrusted to him/her.
Art. No. 10.
A member expelled from the party can be readmitted
only by the divisional committee subject to the approval of the central
Art. No. 11.
Membership fee according to the rate fixed by the central
committee shall be payable every month by every member. In case of agricultural
workers and poor peasants annual collection of the membership subscription
may be allowed. The amount collected as membership fee will go to the
Art. No. 12.
The central committee may fix, collect levies, on incomes
of party members for their respective fund. A local committee may also
collect fund from its member as well as from the public, subject to
prior approval of the party body authorised by the central committee
under which it works.
Art. No. 13.
A member who fails to pay his/her membership fee for
three consecutive months, unless he/she is exempted from payment of
the same by the party bodies of appropriate levels for reasons warranting
such exemption shall come to be a member i.e. shall lose the right to
elect or to be elected or vote on any motion. In case of a defaulting
applicant member for three consecutive months in respect of subscription,
appropriate decision shall be taken by the respective local/regional/divisional
committee after going through merits and demerits of the case.
Art. No. 14.
RIGHTS, DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF MEMBERS:
Applicant member: The rights, duties and obligations
of a member except that the former shall have no right to elect, to
be elected or to vote on any motion.
Art. No. 15.
The rights of a member shall be -
(a) To participate fully in discussion in party
(b) To submit proposals to party bodies as and
(c) To criticise party function in party meeting
in a member consistence with party principles and following the
revolutionary code conduct i.e. criticism should be constructive.
(d) To elect or to be elected to a party post or
to vote on any motion.
Art. No. 16.
A member having disagreement with any decision of the
party organisation he/she belongs to while carrying out the decision
ungrudgingly shall have the right to appeal to the next higher body
and ultimately to the central committee of the party, after of course
he/she has exhaustively discussed the same with the body he/she disagrees
Art. No. 17.
In case of a member possesses any adverse opinion about
another member he/she shall convey the same to the respective higher
body/leadership in black and white. Discussion on the same or any other
disagreement hither and thither is not allowed.
Art. No. 18.
The Duties of a Member shall as follows :
(a) To observe strictly party discipline, participate
actively with emotional involvement in the inner-party political
life and in class and struggle, realise and carry out in practise
the policies and decisions of the party and to defend the party
(b) To work among the masses of the people to organise
them and initiative and conduct their struggle, to build up their
own instruments of struggles, to consolidate party's connection
with individuals, masses and their struggle.
(c) To strive constantly for raising the level
of ideological culture standard of the state country.
(d) To impart political consciousness to the masses
and endeavour to develop mass struggle skillfully and creatively.
(e) To submit regular report of the work done by
him/her to the organisation he/she to in the prescribed manner.
These duties should be so practiced by the members that these become
the mode of existence in course of their development as revolutionary.
Art. No. 19.
A Member shall -
(a) treat all members as fighters-in-arms.
(b) help each other in developing the revolutionary
(c) not encourage aimless discussions or belittling
of other particularly at meetings of criticism and self-criticism
and explain patiently so that the erring feature can rectify himself/herself.
(d) not to do anything or act in a manner which
may disturb the unity and cohesion of party rank and cause harm
to party interest.
Art. No. 20.
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE PARTY
The organisational structure of the party is based
upon the principles of Democratic Centralism and Socialism.
(a) The management of the affairs of the party
shall be vested into the village unit primary committee which shall
comprise of the following:
(i) The President,
(ii) Vice President,
(iii) Secretary General,
(iv) Foreign Secretary(for central committee),
(v) Finance Secretary,
(vi) Home Secretary(for central committee),
(vii) Organising Secretary,
(viii) Publicity, Information, Cultural &
(ix) Communication Secretary,
(x) Judicial Secretary(for central committee),
(xi) And 6(six) executive member.
(b) The village unit primary committee is the lowest
establishment of the party. It shall constitute of three to five
villages. Ten to fifteen primary committee shall constitute the
regional committee ; and eight to ten regional committee shall constitute
a divisional committee. And the Central committee, the highest authority
executive organ of the party, shall constitute by the delegation
of two representatives of each divisional committee.
(c) The Executive committee shall hold office for
a period of 7(seven) years, but due to some unavoidable circumstances
the term of the executive office shall be extended.
(d) The members of the central committee shall
be elected from amongst the staff members or by the M. C. C.(Member
of Central Committee).
Art No. 21.
Meeting of the Primary, Regional, Divisional and
Central Committee :
(a) The meeting of the Primary/Regional/Divisional
and Central Committee shall be conducted by the Secretary/Secretary
General with the approval of the President, with at least 7(seven)
days clear notice to the members of the executive committee which
notice shall indicate time, place and agenda of the meeting. At
least 6(six) meeting will be held in a year.
(b) Clear 21(twenty one) days notice shall be given
to members in case of central or general body meeting. Such meeting
shall be by ordinary post or by hand to the last known address.
Art No. 22.
Power of the Central Committee :
(a) The Central Commitee shall have all power and
shall perform all such functions as are the powers and functions
of the party mentioned in the "Aims and Object" required to be done
by the general body.
(b) The Central Committee shall be the highest
authority in the party. The central committee shall have the right
to take decisions with full authority on any problem of the party
during the period in between party(conference).
(c) The party(conference) shall discuss and adopt
with amendments if necessary, the report of Central Committee placed
by the Secretary General.
(d) The Central Committee shall have the power
of co-option in case of any vacancy caused due to death or other
reasons including new inclusion.
(e) The Central Committee shall have the power
to remove or drop any of the members provided that an urgent general
meeting of the party; convened within a reasonable period confirms
(f) The Central Committee shall have the entire
work of the party, build up and organise various party organisations/guide
their activities, set up different sub-committees distribute the
forces and disburse the fund of the party.
(g) The Central Committee shall decide the principle
and method of determining delegates from primary to regional, regional
to divisional and from divisional to party conference.
Art. No. 23.
General Body Meeting :
The party shall hold an annual general meeting to transact
the following business at least once in a year and more than 15 months
shall elapse between two consecutive annual general meetings.
(a) Confirmation of the minutes of the last annual
general meeting and of extra-ordinary general meeting, if any.
(b) Adoption of the report of the working of the
party for the previous year.
(c) Passing of audited accounts of the party for
the previous year.
(d) Delegation if any of its powers to the Central
(e) Consideration of any matter forwarded with
by the Central Committee or duly brought forward with the permission
of the President.
(f) Amendment to the "Aims and Objectives" or "Rules
and Regulations" if any, brought forward by the Central Committee
for which such amendment(s) have been considered and passed by the
Central Committee earlier provided that such amendment(s) shall
be considered as passed by two-third of the members present and
Art. No. 24.
Function of the Office Bearers :
(a) The President shall preside over the meeting
of the party.
(b) The Vice President will be the presiding officer
in the absence of the President.
(c) The Secretary/Secretary General shall be responsible
for the executive administration of the party subject to the control
of the executive body in order of the party President. His duties
amongst other things shall be
(i) to attend to the correspondence and the
(ii) to convene meeting of the party to record
and maintain the proceedings and minutes in the appropriate
book of the party.
(iii) to prepare the required annual statement
and returns and to frame programme and budget for the ensuing
year to be placed before the central committee for the consideration
and necessary action.
(d) The President shall be the person to sue and
sued on behalf of the party; and all bonds, lease, deeds and other
legal documents shall be in the name of the President of the party
and signed by him in his official capacity. The records documents
and properties of the party will be under his custody.
(e) The Secretary/Secretary General in consultation
with the President will implement the resolution passed by the executive
body and all projects and programmes of the party and its workers.
(f) The Finance Secretary shall be responsible
for receipt and disbursement of money authorised by the President
or Secretary General in writing. The Finance Secretary shall obtain
vouchers for the payments or disbursement made by or on behalf of
the party, and shall maintain proper accounts.
(g) The Home Secretary shall be responsible to
the home affairs alongwith Intelligence wing and shall act as the
mediator among the units of the NLFT.
(h) The Foreign Secretary shall be responsible
to the foreign affairs for National interest and better relations
of the NLFT.
(i) The Publicity & Information Secretary shall
be responsible for information, culture and literature alongwith
propaganda wing, which shall act as the spokesman of the party.
(j) The Judicial Secretary shall be responsible
to perform the court affairs of NLFT in consultation with the President
to appoint Magistrate and other associate members to the court.
Art No. 25.
Books of Account and Financial Year:
The party shall maintain at its registered office,
book of accounts and other register for.
(a) All sum received and expended showing source
from where received and details of expenditure.
(b) All assets and liabilities.
(c) The Financial year of the party shall be from
the 15th January to 15th February next of each calendar year.
(d) At the end of each Financial year the party
will prepare an income and expenditure accounts and balance sheet
which will be audited by qualified auditors appointed by the party
in its general meeting. Such audited report showing the exact state
of financial affairs and the balance sheet will be submitted to
the general body in its annual meeting.
Art. No. 26.
Custody of Funds and Property :
(a) Properties and Funds of the party shall be
vested in members and the executive body shall be responsible for
the safe custody of funds and properties.
(b) The Fund of the party shall be deposited in
an account with a Nationalised Bank in the name of the party which
shall be jointly operated by the Finance Secretary with either the
President or the Vice President or the Secretary/Secretary General
as may be decided by the executive body from time to time.
Art. No. 27.
In me case of any vacancy of any of the post in the
central committee. The post may be filled in by co-option by the Central
Art. No. 28.
Any amendment to the Constitution of the party or to
the rules and regulations shall be discussed and passed by a majority
of the Central Committee, such amendment shall come into force when
rectified by a two-third majority of the annual general meeting or by
an extraordinary general meeting.
Art. No. 29.
There shall be observed condolence service in every
committee of the organisation whenever if a member of me party has passed
away(take last breath) which shall the party Flag have down as pay homage
to passing soul.
(a) In case of the party President or Vice President
and executive member and member of the central committee shall be
observed all over the state and shall for 5(five), 3(three) and
2(two) days respectively have half-down the party Flag.
(b) And of the member/executive member of village
unit primary, regional and divisional committe shall be observed
one day Divisionally, Regionally and Primarily.
Art. No. 30.
Method of Voting:
Voting will be show on hand and in case of till the
chairman shall have a casting vote or through secret ballot paper. The
President and in his absence the Vice President shall preside over the
meeting and their interpretation of the provision of the "Rules and
Regulations" shall be final and binding.
Art. No. 31.
Resolution by Circulation:
A decision on any resolution can be taken by circulation
among all the members of the central committee; and the resolution shall
be deemed passed on receipt of assents by the majority of its members.
Art No. 32.
Area of Operation:
The area of operation of the central committee shall
be the United state of Twipra, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur,
Mizoram, NEFA(Arunachal) and Sikkim.
Art. No. 33.
Suitable disciplinary action shall be taken by the
competent party authority against a member or a body of members found
to be working to the serious detriment of party interest and in utter
disregard of the party principle and the code of conduct as well as
in violation of any specific directive that may be laid down in connection
with any particular programmes by any appropriate party body.
Provided that disciplinary action may be taken against
an applicant members, member or staff member only after giving him/her
adequate opportunity to rectify himself/herself and to be heard in person.
Provided further that while taking disciplinary steps
leaders committing mistakes must be differentiated from motivated anti
party elements and all erring leaders must be given chances to rectify
themselves as long as struggle for rectification has not reached its
end. An erring leader, in special cases may given/have to undergo disciplinary
measures taken against him/her by the appropriate party authority while
continuing to be at party work as before.
Art. No. 34.
Code of Conduct:
A Code of conduct has been created and introduced in
order to put all the members of NLFT in a strict-characterised and well
disciplined revolutionary life. The jingoist NLFT is firmly bent on
continuing its strive to promote harmony, modesty, holiness, meekness
and the spirit of common brotherhood among the comradesin-arms as well
as the outfit is pledge to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity
of all the members of the party. There shall be a specific provisions
of capital punishment. Any person charged with a serious nature of crime
as specified in the code of conduct shall be arrested instantly and
referred to court. In the trial, in case the accused is found guilty,
he/she shall be punishable with capital punishment.
do swear in the name of God that I will faithfully execute the party
functions, being elected for the post of..............................of
the Primary/Regional/Divisional/Central Committee of NLFT, Twipra and
will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and. defend the Constitute
and Law and that I will devote myself to the service and well being
of the people of Twipra.
And also I shall abide by the Rules and Regulations
of the party and will maintain the official secrecy of the party.