Terrorism Update
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Major incidents of terrorist violence in Nepal since 1999


April 30: At least four people died and a dozen others were injured in a bomb explosion at the Ramanand Chowk in Janakpur area in Lalitpur District. Police said the bomb believed to be an IED went off while activists associated with Mithila Struggle Committee were organising a sit-in protest demanding the creation of Autonomous Mithila State at Ramanand Chowk. Local news reported that underground outfit JTMM has owned up responsibility for the blast.

February 27: Three persons were killed and seven others injured in an explosion outside the Nepal Oil Corporation's (NOC) central office at Babarmahal in Kathmandu, some 300 metres away from Singha Durbar, on February 27. "It is understood that the Sumyukta Jatiya Mukti Morcha-Bishwokranti carried out the attack. Such bombs were used during the Maoist insurgency," Home Ministry spokesperson Shanker Koirala said. Meanwhile, Samyukta Jatiya Mukti Morcha-Bishwokranti (SJMM) which initially claimed responsibility refuted it a short while later.


January 6: Unidentified assailants shot dead two cadres of the Unified CPN-Maoist and a local resident at Ganjabhawanipur in the Bara District. The attackers were cadres of the Terai Mukti Morcha (TMM).


September 6: Three persons were killed and five others injured in a bomb explosion at Malakheti VDC in the Kailali District. The bomb exploded Harka Bhadaur Mahata’s home, resident of Malakheti-8.

April 16-17: Three persons, including two members of a family, were killed by an unidentified gang in the Mabu VDC area of Ilam District. The dead bodies of Moti Bahadur Gurung of Mabu VDC-7, Gunj Bahadur Gurung and Purna Kumari Gurung were found at Moti Bahadur''s house in the morning of April 17.


April 8: Seven Maoists were killed in police firing in a clash that erupted between the Maoists and Nepali Congress workers at Lamahi bazaar area in the Dang District.

January 23: Cadres of the YCL killed the three Nepali Congress activists, Satya Narayan Yadav, Neem Chandra Thakur, and Ram Ikbaal Yadav, who were abducted by them on January 20.Police found their dead bodies buried on the bank of Kamala River at Kichana VDC in the Siraha District.


September 20: Three civilians were killed in fresh mob violence between two groups at Jagdishpur in the Kapilvastu District.

September 16: Three civilians were killed in mob violence at Kapilavastu and Rupandehi Districts following the killing of the Chairman of the Democratic Madhesi Front, Mohit Khan.One civilian was killed and another injured, when JTMM-J cadres hurled a hand grenade at a passenger bus in the Bara.

May 29: Nine persons, including a child, were killed when three bombs exploded in a house at Bhutuke village in the Gothadi VDC area of Palpa District. It is believed that these bombs were left behind by the Maoists as this region used to be a safe heaven for their activities.


October 6: Three children were killed and five persons were wounded when a bomb exploded in the Basauti Village Development Committee area of Kailali District.

April 29: Eight soldiers were killed and nine others were injured in a landmine explosion within the RNA barrack at Tamghas, the District headquarters of Gulmi.

April 23: Five Maoists, one SF personnel and three civilians were killed in an attack by the Maoists on security bases in Chautara, headquarters of the Sindhupalchowk district.

April 7: At least four Maoists and two civilians were killed after Maoists attacked security bases in the Butwal and Kapilavastu districts.

April 5: Five police personnel and four Maoists were killed during clashes at Malangwa, headquarters of the Sarlahi district.

March 30: Two SF personnel and one Maoist were killed during clashes at Bagmati checkpoint bordering the Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.

March 22: Two Armed Police Force personnel and three Maoists were killed at Urlabari in the Morang district, when the latter attacked security forces escorting a vehicle that was carrying money from the Urlabari branch of Rastriya Banjiya Bank.

March 21: Nine police personnel and three Maoists were killed when the latter attacked the Ilaka police post at Birtamod in Jhapa district.

March 20: 13 soldiers were killed during a Maoist ambush in the Dapcha area of Kavre district

March 10: Seven soldiers were killed during clashes with the Maoists in the southern part of Ilam district

March 8: Two soldiers were killed and another injured when Maoists opened fire at security forces near the district postal office of Bharatpur in Chitwan district

March 6: Two civilians, three security force personnel and four Maoists were killed in a Maoist attack at Ilam district headquarters.

February 28: Eighteen Maoists and 11 SF personnel were killed in a clash at Panena, a bordering area between the Arghakhanchi and Palpa districts.

February 27: Three SF personnel and a civilian were killed when Maoists attacked a team of troops at Kavre Bhanjyang area in the Kavrepalanchowk district.

February 9: Sixteen SF personnel, four Maoists and a civilian were killed at Rambhapur area along the Sunwal-Butwal section of the Sidhhartha Highway in Nawalparasi district, when the Maoists attacked security personnel who had reached Rambhapur to remove roadblocks put up by the former.

February 7: Five soldiers were killed and three sustained injuries when Maoists launched a massive attack in Dhankuta targeting the district administration office, regional administration office and all security agencies in the district.

February 7: Five SF personnel and a Maoist 'section commander' were killed when Maoists attacked a patrolling team at Simaltar in the Triyuga municipality of Udayapur district.

February 7: Five persons are killed when the Maoists attacked a RNA base camp and the Panauti municipality office in Kavrepalanchowk district.

January 31: Eleven SF personnel and four insurgents were killed in a Maoist attack at Tansen, headquarters of the Palpa district.

January 27: 11 Maoist insurgents and two SF personnel were killed in a Maoist attack on the joint security base at Hatuwagadhi in Bhojpur district.

January 24: Two security force personnel, one Maoist and a civilian were killed and four SF personnel sustained injuries when Maoists launched simultaneous attacks in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district.

January 20: Six police personnel were killed and four others sustained injuries when Maoists launched simultaneous attacks on the BP Chowk security check post, Jamunaha Police Post and the Customs Office in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district.

January 14: Twelve soldiers are killed and eight persons sustain injuries in a series of attacks carried out by the Maoists at different police posts of the Kathmandu Valley.

January 11: Seven police personnel are killed in a Maoist attack at Dhangadhi, headquarters of the Kailali district.

January 6: Three Armed Police Force personnel are killed and another sustained injuries when Maoists opened fire targeting a patrol party at Bhairahawa in the Rupandehi district.

January 5: Three police personnel were killed and two injured in a Maoist attack on an Armed Police Force security check-post at Ranjha chowk in Nepalgunj.


August 27: Seven persons travelling in a passenger bus from Kathmandu to Dang were killed and three others sustained injuries in an explosion at Surai Naka section on the Mahendra highway at the border of Kapilvastu and Dang districts.

August 26: Five SF personnel were killed and two others were injured in an IED explosion at Khairanpur in the western district of Kapilavastu.

August 22: Four police personnel are killed and four others sustained injuries when their vehicle struck a landmine at Manigram in the Rupandehi district.

August 7: Approximately 50 troops are killed during a Maoist attack on a RNA base at Pili in the Kalikot district.

July 22: At least seven RNA personnel are killed in an ambush laid by the Maoists on a security patrol team near Goltakuri Rajkot in the Dang district.

June 25: At least 12 soldiers are killed during a Maoist attack on an army patrol team at Khandaha in the Arghakhanchi district.

June 24: At least eight Royal Nepalese Army personnel and one police personnel are killed by the Maoists at Pandhare in the Bhojpur district.

June 19: At least five soldiers are killed during a Maoist attack on various Government offices and security forces’ bases at Diktel, headquarters of the Khotang district.

June 14: Maoists kill seven family members of a police personnel, including three women and a one-year old child, at Attariya in the Kailali district.

June 10: Six soldiers and two civilians are killed during a Maoist attack on a passenger bus near Narke river in the Mangaltar area of Kavre district.

June 6: At least 36 civilians and three soldiers are killed and 72 persons sustain injuries in a landmine blast triggered by the Maoists at Mudhekhola in the Chitwan district.

Maoists kill seven security force personnel and injure at least 12 others during an attack on a patrol team at Masuriya jungle in Kailali district.

May 6: Maoists kill Nepal’s top Hindu leader Narayan Prasad Pokhrel, chairman of the World Hindu Federation (Nepal chapter), at Dudharachha village in the Rupandehi district.

April 23: Five children are killed and three others sustain injuries during a bomb explosion allegedly triggered by the insurgents at Pakhapani in the Rolpa district.

April 16: Maoists kill ten civilians, including a child, at Baragdawa in the Somni area of Nawalparasi district.

April 9: Insurgents attack the District Police Office, an Army battalion, district prison and also burn some Government offices at Charikot, headquarters of the Dolakha district, and freed some 30 prisoners from the prison.

March 6: A group of Maoists kill five civilians, allegedly members of an ‘anti-Maoist retaliation group’, at Kudarmatewa village in the Kapilavastu district.

March 4: Insurgents set ablaze and destroy 11 Government buildings, including those of the police, district administration and the general post office at Sandhikharka, headquarters of the Arghakhanchi district.

February 27: At least 10 soldiers are killed and an equal number sustain injuries during separate Maoist attacks in the Bara and Solukhumbu districts.

January 26: Five troops are killed and eight people sustain injuries in a Maoist ambush at Bhyaple along the Baglung-Pokhara highway in Parbat district.

January 19: At least 23 security force personnel are reported to have died at Barbote in the eastern district of Ilam.

January 2: Five police personnel are killed and six others sustain injuries during a Maoist attack on an Army patrol team at Bangaon along the Mahendra highway in the far-western district of Kanchanpur.

January 1: At least 12 soldiers are killed during a clash with the Maoist insurgents at Malbase on the Koshi Highway in Dhankuta district.


December 22: Five soldiers, five civilians and eight Maoists are killed and several others sustain injuries when a group of insurgents attacked an army patrol at Karnali-Chisapani in the Bardiya district.

December 15: At least 21 Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) personnel are killed at Sisnekhola in the Sidwara VDC area of Arghakhanchi district.

December 4: Six security force personnel are killed and three others sustain injuries when Maoist insurgents attacked an army patrol near Surai Naka along the Mahendra highway in the western district of Kapilavastu.

November 21: At least 10 soldiers are killed at Khimdi in the Pandaun VDC area of Kailali district.

November 17: Eight Armed Police Force personnel are killed, a dozen others are injured and over two dozen were reported to be missing after Maoist insurgents detonate landmines at Khari Khola along the Mahendra highway in Banke district.

August 26, 2004: A group of 50 armed Maoist insurgents shot dead a former Chairman of Dhanusha District Development Committee and Rashtriya Prajatantra Party (Nationalist) leader, Badri Bahadur Karki, in the Bharatpur area.

August 2, 2004: Maoist insurgents have reportedly killed the former Mayor of Guleriya Municipality, Rajendra Shrivastav, in Bardiya district

July 5: Twelve police personnel and a civilian are killed in a land mine ambush laid by the Maoist insurgents at Bindhyabasini village in Parsa district.

June 14: At least 22 security force personnel are killed and 16 others sustained injuries in a landmine explosion by the Maoist insurgents at Khairikhola in the Banke district.

May 9: During a Maoist attack on a passenger bus, eight security force personnel and seven civilians are killed at Mainapokhari in the Dolakha district.

April 4: At least nine police personnel are killed during a Maoist attack on the Yadhusha police post in Danusha district.

March 20 - 21: In a Maoist attack on the District Jail, Office of the Chief District Officer and Army Camps at Beni Bazaar in the Myagdi district, at least 51 security force personnel, including 33 Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) personnel, and 20 civilians are killed.

March 3: Maoists insurgents, numbering around approximately 1500 to 2000, attack Nepal Telecommunication Towers and kill 32 security force personnel in Bhojpur district.

January 15: Maoist insurgents kill the Mayor of Birgunj and member of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), Gopal Giri, at Bahuaari in the Birgunj district.


December 17: Maoist insurgents kill 11 soldiers in separate land mine blasts in the Kapilavastu and Bardiya districts.

November 15: Four security force personnel, including Brigadier General Sagar Bahadur Pandey, are killed and nine others sustain injuries in an ambush by the Maoist insurgents at Bhainse in Makwanpur.

November 5: Maoist insurgents detonate a bomb outside the Crown Prince's palace (Nirmal Niwas) in the capital Kathmandu. However, no fatalities are reported.

November 2: At least ten security force personnel are killed and six others injured in an ambush by Maoist insurgents at Simara.

October 28: Seven security force personnel and two civilians are killed during a Maoist attack on the Sishuwa Police Post at Danda Nak in Kaski district.

September 12: Maoists kill six civilians in the capital Kathmandu.

September 8: Eight civilians are killed and 12 others sustain injuries in bomb explosions at six places in the capital Kathmandu.

January 26: Armed Police Force chief Krishna Mohan Shrestha, his wife and bodyguard are killed in an attack by Maoist insurgents in Kathmandu.

January 23: Two police personnel are killed and 20 more injured in an ambush laid by Maoists in Girighat, Surkhet district.

January 3: Maoist insurgents kill five security force personnel at Gawar, 350km west of Kathmandu.


December 18: Insurgents attack a police post in Koilabas, Indo-Nepal border, Dang district, and kill six police personnel injure two more.

November 14: Intense clashes occur between security forces and Maoists in Jumla and Gorkha. Insurgents, numbering several hundreds, attack Jumla airport and two police establishments and other government offices killing Jumla Chief District Officer Damodar Pant and two civilians Also, 33 policemen and four soldiers are killed in the clashes in Jumla, while the insurgents lose at least 55 cadres.

23 police personnel are killed during clashes in Gorkha.

Insurgents kill former Member of Parliament Chakra Bahadur Chaudhary of the Communist Party of Nepal––United-Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML), at his residence in Dhangadhi.

October 27: Insurgents attack the Rumjatar airport, Okhaldhunga district. The chief of the security forces stationed there, a Captain in the Army, and two more troops are killed.

September 28: Maoists attack the Phaplu airport tower causing a damage of NR 2 million.

September 13: Nine police personnel, traveling in a jeep, are killed in an ambush laid by Maoist insurgents near the Mahendra Highway, Siraha district.

September 12: Insurgents set-off an explosion and destroy the residence of Minister of State for Local Development Duryodhan Singh Chandhary at Padsari, Rupandehi district.

September 11: Insurgents attack and damage the residence of former Minister of State Bhakta Bahadur Rokaya at Mahat in Jumla, and separately set-off explosions at the home of former Minister Netra Bikram Thapa.

September 10: Maoist insurgents blast the residence of Hom Nath Dahal, spokesperson of the Nepali Congress faction headed by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, in Okhaldungha.

September 8: 49 police personnel are killed and 21 more injured in an attack by a group of an estimated 1,100 Maoist insurgents in Sindhuli district at the Bhimad police post.

A group of an estimated 3,000 insurgents, in the Argakhachi district headquarters town of Sandhikharka, kill 68 SF personnel and raze to the ground all government offices in the town.

July 5: Ten persons are injured in a bomb explosion at the headquarters of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s faction of the Nepali Congress party in New Baneswore area, Kathmandu.

February 17: 48 Royal Nepal Army troops and 49 police personnel are killed by Maoists in Mangalsen (Acham district) clashes.


December 27: Maoists set off an explosion and damage the residence of Assistant Law Minister Nagendra Kumar Raya in Phulparasai village, Sarlahi district.

December 23: Insurgents destroy the private residence of Cabinet Minister Chiranjivi Wagle in Chitwan district.

December 19: The house of Water Resources Minister Narayan Sharma Poudel, in Chitwan district, is set ablaze by Maoists.

November 23: Maoist insurgents break the ongoing truce by attacking the Army barracks in Ghorai, Dang district, killing 14 soldiers and injuring 30 others. Separately, the insurgents attack the airport in Surkhet and blow up a private-owned helicopter, besides damaging two more helicopters stationed at the airport.

July 7: Insurgents set off explosions near the private residence of Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala at Biratnagar. However, no one is killed or injured in the incident

April 1: At least 300 Maoists attack a hilltop police post in Rukum district and kill 31 police personnel, besides injuring 11 and abducting 23 more.

February 3: Maoist insurgents ambush the convoy of Chief Justice Keshav Prasad Upadhyay, who narrowly escapes the attack, in Chhyasatti, Surkhet, 500km west of the capital Kathmandu. Six others, including a judicial officer, are killed in the attack.


September 24: 1,000 Maoist insurgents attack and demolish the district administration headquarters and a branch of the Nepal Rashtriya Bank in Dunai, Dolpo district.

June 8: 1,600 Maoist insurgents surround a police post manned by 53 personnel in Jajarkot district and attack with mortars and bombs. Nine police personnel, seven civilians and 21 insurgents are killed in the incident.

February 7: Maoists waylay a bus in Dolakha district carrying Polish tourists and rob them of approximately US$ 5,000 in cash. This is the first major incident by Maoists targeting foreign visitors.


April 19: Maoist insurgents explode bombs at the office of the Election Commission and of Gorkhapatra, the largest circulated Nepali newspaper, in Kathmandu.

March 5: Communist Party of Nepal––Unified-Marxist-Leninist (CPN–UML) leader Yadu Gautam is assassinated by Maoist insurgents.

Source: Figures are compiled from news reports and are provisional.





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