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Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha – Jaya Krishna Goit (JTMM-G)


The Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) was formed in July 2004 by Jaya Krishna Goit after splitting from the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist). Goit, formerly a leader of the Unified Marxist Leninist (UML), was also co-ordinator of the Madhesi National Liberation Front of the CPN-Maoist. Gradually, as he came to believe that the Maoists were not serious about the development of the Terai region, he floated a separate outfit charging the Maoist leadership of betraying the Madhesi people.


JTMMM-G demands an independent state for the Madhesis in the Terai region. He believes that Terai was never a part of Nepal; rather it was annexed by the Nepali pahade (hill people) rulers and then parts of it were ceded to them by the British through treaties. Thus, he says that, his armed struggle is meant to correct the historical wrong committed by the Nepali rulers.

Leadership and Command Structure

JTMM-G is led by its founder Jaya Krishna Goit. The cadre strength of the JTMM-G remains difficult to estimate, though unconfirmed reports suggest a support base of a thousand, including hard-core cadres and sympathisers. The Goit faction functions with a central committee, East and West Terai Regional Bureaus, village, ward and cell committees and a parallel military organisation.

Areas of Activity

The JTMM-G is mainly active in the Terai region bordering India, particularly, in the districts of Siraha, Dhanusha, Morang, Sarlahi, Bara, Saptari, Mohattari, Lalitpur and Rautahat.

Incidents involving JTMM-G


February 8: Sikendra Prasad Yadav (40), an Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI) of Police was shot dead by unidentified assailants in Bara District. Meanwhile, a central leader of the JTMM-G, Jitendra Tiwari, telephoned the local media persons in Bara and claimed responsibility for the killing saying ASI Yadav was shot dead "as a warning to State".


May 23: Police arrested a senior leader, Udaya Narayan Yadav alias Amitabh, of JTMM-G from Janakpur District. According to Superintendent of Police, Sarbendra Khanal, Yadav was arrested along with a sophisticated gun and it’s magazine.


March 26: Unidentified gunmen riding a motorcycle shot dead Prachanda Thaiba, a cadre of the Youth Force (YF), the youth wing of CPN-UML when he was returning home at Butwal -9 Deepnagar in the Rupandehi District. The CPN-UML accused YCL of being involved in the killing. However, Rakesh Bidrohi, District in-charge of Jaya Krishna Goit led ATMM owned up the responsibility for the killing in a telephone call to the local media. Bidrohi said Thaiba was killed because the he was asking for donations from the local people posing as an ATMM cadre.

February 8: Police shot dead the Eastern ‘area commander’ of the ATMM, identified as Lalan Kumar Yadav alias Bikrant, in Saptari. Police also arrested three other cadres of the outfit along with some pistols and bullets. Bikrant had claimed responsibility for killing a worker with the Surya Nepal Private Limited in June 2008.

February 2: Police arrested four cadres, including district in-charge Hariom Sharma, of the ATMM, formerly known as the JTMM-G in Nawalparasi. The arrestees included 'area commander' Dan Bahadur Harijan, Pinku Kewat and Bhagawati Dhobi. Two sophisticated revolvers, two locally-made pistols and 15 rounds of ammunition were also recovered from their possession.

January 21: Cadres of the ATMM, formerly known as JTMM-G, abducted two persons, identified as Bik Narayan Yadav and Shankar Yadav, residents of Lohojhara-2, from Bhardaha Chowk in Saptari District. One ATMM cadre, identified as Ajit Singh, claimed responsibility for the abduction citing their affiliation with another Terai armed group Madheshi Virus Killers.

January 13: The Jay Krishna Goit led ATMM, formerly known as JTMM-G, Pawan Giri-led SJTMM and JTMM-J formally announced the unification of the three parties and decided to name the unified front as Terai Janatantrik Party (TJP). A meeting of the three fronts held at an undisclosed location in Siraha District took the decision to this effect. The unified party will be chaired by Jaya Krishna Goit and Pawan Giri will be the vice chairman, while Jwala Singh will be the general secretary. Likewise, Aajad has been appointed the chief of Terai Government of the newly formed alliance and Khudiram will be its organisational department chief, said a statement issued by Goit. "The three groups have been merged in order to strongly push the demand for a 'free Terai' as it has been overshadowed due to disintegration among the Terai groups," the statement read, adding that the process for the unification with other groups has been initiated. The outfits led by Jawala Singh and Pawan Giri had earlier separated from the Jay Krishna Goit-led group.

January 12: Cadres of the ATMM, formerly known as JTMM-G, shot dead Rajkumar Kamati, former chairman of Sirauwa Pachuware VDC in the Siraha District. Kamati was accused of being a spy and assisting the Police for establishing a Police station in the VDC. Biplov, District in-charge of the ATMM, claimed responsibility for the killing.


November 17: Talking to the media at Janakpur airport, the co-ordinator of the Government talks team and Minister for Peace and Reconstruction, Janardhan Sharma, said he met leaders of the Jwala Singh faction of Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM-J), MVK, Terai Janatantrik Party, Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha and Samyukta Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (SJTMM), among others. He said he was yet to meet Jaya Krishna Goit, the co-ordinator of the Akhil Terai Mukti Morcha (ATMM), formerly known as JTMM-G.

November 16: Minister for Local Development and member of the Government's talks team, Ram Chandra Jha, said that preparations are being made to hold a dialogue with the insurgent groups operating in Terai within a fortnight. He added that the initial round of dialogue is likely to take place in Janakpur. Jha also made it clear that the Government team would not be reconstituted, as demanded by some Terai groups, but the team will discuss with the Prime Minister if any changes are to be made in the team. He opined that it would be futile to hold a dialogue with the JTMM-G as the group stood for the country's disintegration.

November 8: Minister for Local Development Ram Chandra Jha, a member of the Government talks’ team, said the Government would not wait for armed groups struggling in the Terai and eastern districts if they do not come for the talks within mid December. He further informed that the dialogue with the groups would begin by the end of November. According to Minister Jha, the JTTM-J, the Terai Cobra, the Terai Tiger and other groups are in constant touch with the government. "However, the Jai Krishna Goit faction of the JTTM has not come to our contact yet," he said. He further said, "Conditions set by the armed struggle groups for the dialogue are unacceptable as all the issues will be discussed on the negotiation table."

November 2: A Madhesi leader close to both JTMM-G and JTMM-J claimed that these two groups have not yet been contacted by the talks team, nor have formal letters been sent inviting them for dialogue. None of the members of the talk teams was available for comment.

September 29: The Chief of ATMM, Jaya Krishna Goit, said that all the armed groups operating in the Tarai are going to unite under his leadership shortly. Goit claimed that rumours about 14 armed groups mulling a plan to select a new leader for a "united front" after removing him and another leader, Jwala Singh, were false.

September 26: Leaders of 14 armed groups operating in the Terai region, including Jaya Krishna Goit faction of the JTMM-G, Madhesi Tigers, Terai Madhesh Mukti Tigers, Terai Liberation Force and Terai Cobra meet in Bihar (India) to forge an alliance. One Chandrashekhar, who heads the 'unification coordination committee', said the 14 organisations would try to reach a decision on unification within five days.

July 7: The police arrested Rohit Yadav, Dipendra Mehata and Amrit Gupta, students of the Mahendra Morang Campus, on the charge of extortion. Identifying themselves as cadres of the JTMM-Goit, the three had been threatening teachers, campus chief and officials of other educational institutions over phone and extorting from them. They were arrested while extorting NR 51000 in donation from the owner of the Biratnagar-based Maske Book Shop. The three confessed to threatening chief of the Mahendra Morang Campus, Pawan Karna, and one Dipak Pokharel.

March 7: Cadres of the Akhil Terai Mukti Morcha (ATMM) - the group formerly known as JTMM-G - set ablaze a vehicle belonging to the Kantipur daily newspaper at Babhanagamakatti village of Saptari district. The jeep carrying newspapers for distribution was stopped by seven cadres of ATMM and was set ablaze destroying the jeep as well as 30,000 pieces of newspapers. The driver of the vehicle, Chandra Katuwal, and distribution staff, Gangaram Bhandari, were also injured in the incident.

March 2: JTMM-G changed its party's name to All Terai Liberation Front (ATLF). The JTMM-G central coordinator, Goit, said that the name of the party has been changed so as to be distinct from other factions of JTMM.

March 1: JTMM-G cadres killed Gokarna Kandel, a Nepali Congress leader, near his house in the Rupandehi district.

February 27: Two persons were injured when cadres of the JTMM-G attacked a passenger bus, which was part of a convoy of vehicles coming from Kathmandu under a police escort for security, with petrol bombs in the Golbazaar area of Siraha district.

February 17: The Bara-Parsa districts coordinator of the JTMM-G, Binod Mahato, was shot dead by an unidentified group at Bairganiyaa Bazaar in Bihar in India.

February 7: cadres of the JTMM-G shot dead an elderly person, Keshab Bahadur Gurung, in the Rupandehi district. Gurung, a canteen owner at Sukha Bandargaha in Bagaha VDC, was reportedly killed on charge of spying against the JTMM-G.

February 4: JTMM-G published a list of 37 persons of Sunsari district and threatened to initiate 'physical action' them. 'Physical action' ranges from physical assaults to murder. The list includes names of person from various walks of life such as civil servants, teachers and entrepreneurs.

January 30: Police arrested the Siraha district commander of the JTMM-G, Prithvi Lal Yadav alias Jasho Lal.


November 5: Cadres of the JTMM-G shot and injured Hari Parajuli, an overseer with the District Development Committee in Bara district. JTMM-G’s Bara district chief, Birat, owned up the responsibility for the attempt on Parajuli’s life.

November 3: Cadres of the JTMM-G abducted Surya Prasad Shah, a former VDC chairman in Saptari district. JTMM-G cadres also seized six bighas of land belonging to Shah in Ward No 8 in Deuri VDC-7 and also took away a motorbike.

October 27: Armed JTMM-G cadres abducted Suresh Prasad Sharma, an officer at the Agriculture Development Bank in Nawalparasi district, from his house at Ragopur VDC-9 of Siraha district and took him away at gunpoint.

October 8: JTMM-G cadres shot dead Ram Babu Sharma Neupane, the Khutawa Parsauni Village Development Committee (VDC) secretary of Bara district.

October 1: Police arrested four cadres of the JTMM-G along with some weapons in Janakpur.

September 19: JTMM-G cadres abducted five civilians from the Rautahat district including Ramlochan Sah, former vice-chairman of Ramauli Bairiya VDC, CPN-UML activist Nagendra Prasad Patel, Junior Technical Assistant at Garuda sugar mill Shankar Sah, and two other residents of Ramauli Bairiya VDC.

September 2: Cadres of the JTMM-G shot dead a youth, Lal Babu Shah Sonar, at Jayanagar in the Rautahat district accusing him of spying against their party and being involved in looting, raping and killing people.

August 16: Cadres of the JTMM-G set ablaze two vehicles for violating their call for a general strike at Bhaliya area in the Bara district.

July 31: A group of six to seven armed JTMM-G cadres abducted a civilian, identified as Rajendra Prasad Kanu, from his home at Khophahawa VDC-2 and killed him some 200 meters away from his home.

July 30: JTMM-G cadres abducted and subsequently shot dead a person, identified as Shanker Man Singh Basnet, at Bariyarpur in the Bara district.

July 21: A group of armed JTMM-G cadres shot dead a local Maoist leader Binod Mallik at Bisarbhora in the Dhanusha district.

July 15: JTMM-G cadres killed a Maoist insurgent, identified as Ganga Yadav, at Baspatti in the Motihari area of Siraha district.

June 13: Cadres of the JTMM-G abducted two persons, Lila Bahadur Shrestha and his wife Kamala Shrestha, from the Diman area of Saptari district.

June 12: JTMM-G cadres abducted and subsequently killed a central-level leader of the Maoists and a central member of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Peasants Association (Revolutionary), identified as Dasarath Thakur a.k.a. Rohit, in the Saptari district.

June 8: Cadres of the JTMM-G abducted a civilian, identified as Chitra Bahadur Pant a.k.a. Bishnu, of Chatari Bananiya VDC-6 in the Siraha district.

June 4: An armed group of the JTMM-G shot dead Munna Kumar Jaiswal, an area committee member of the CPN-Maoist, at Kalahi Jagadi in the Pipra Basantapur VDC area of Bara district.

February 23: Six persons were injured in a clash between Maoists and the activists of the JTMM-G when the Maoists tried to open shops at Sarmujawa bazaar in the Rautahat district.

Note:Compiled from news reports and are provisional.





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