Nepal Timeline - Year 2018

Date

Incidents

January 1

Leaders of left alliance - the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Centre - met office bearers of the EC and demanded that results of the PR election be announced immediately.

January 2

PMO prepared directives and by-laws for running provincial parliaments and Governments, defining the role of provincial chiefs (Governors). Sources said that the Government is set to appoint Governors and announce the temporary capitals of the seven provinces in a Cabinet meeting on January 4.

The Government proposed temporary headquarters for all seven provinces, from which administrative works of the respective provinces will be carried out for the time being.

CPN-Maoist Centre leaders during the headquarters meeting of the party Centre urged the party leadership to ensure that Pushpa Kamal Dahal becomes a powerful chief of the unified party if CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli is appointed the Prime Minister.

January 3 Reiterating its position, the EC said that it cannot announce the results of the House of Representatives elections under the PR category before the NA elections.
January 4

An all-party meeting called by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba to finalize the announcement of NA election date, appointment of province chiefs and declaration of temporary provincial headquarters failed to reach consensus.

Minister for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Yagya Bahadur Thapa said preparations are underway to introduce an ordinance to extend the terms of TRC and CIEDP.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal stated that the process of forming the new Government would move ahead after the NA election.

January 5

The Government decided to hold the NA election on February 7. A meeting of the Council of Ministers held at Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's official residence in Baluwatar took a decision to this effect, said Minister for Finance Gyanendra Bahadur Karki.

The Government decided to extend the tenure of CIEDP and TRC by a year. A decision to this effect was taken in a meeting of the Cabinet. Terms of TRC and CIEDP end on February 10.

TRC's office in Province-1 has failed to meet its target in investigating the complaints related to the serious human rights violation during the Maoist insurgency. "The Commission had been entrusted with the investigation of 1,207 cases in the first phase but as there were elections one after another, we have so far investigated only 285 cases and sent them back to the commission's central office," Investigation expert Mina Sedain said.

January 7 CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal held talks and agreed to intensify their efforts to unify their two parties.
January 16

EC said that delay in naming Governors may affect the NA election. The EC, which is preparing for the election scheduled for February 7, plans to publish the voter list on January 21.

EC proposed to use four types of ballot papers of two colors in the NA election slated for February 7.

January 17

Government recommended Governors of the seven provinces and named seven temporary provincial workstations.

EC announced the winners of the PA elected under the PR. Altogether 220 members of PA have been elected under PR category.

January 18

CEC Ayodhee Prasad Yadav inaugurating the election operation and management training organized for election officers, assistant election officers, and District election officers to be deputed in NA election in Kathmandu said that no one should carry out activities that would hamper the NA election.

CPN-UML Chairperson KP Sharma Oli in a press conference organized at the Tribhuvan International Airport upon his arrival from regular health check-up in Thailand said that the new Government would reconsider the Governors of the seven provinces and names of seven temporary provincial workstations recommended by the incumbent Government.

HRW in its World Report 2018 released said that the Conflict victims are yet to get justice in Nepal.

January 19 CPN-UML Chairman K P Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal expedited negotiations on power-sharing in the new Government and party unification.
January 21

In a significant move toward implementing the federal set up as envisioned by the new constitution promulgated in September 2015, the newly-elected members of the provincial assemblies in all seven provinces took the oath of office and secrecy.

As part of holding the upper house election slated for February 7, the EC made public the name list of voters who will elect 56 members of the 59-member upper house of federal parliament.

January 23

NC, RJP-N and FSF-N forged an alliance for the upcoming election of NA scheduled for February 7. In a meeting held at Baluwatar with the NC, the leaders from RJP-N and FSF-N have agreed to make the alliance for the election.

January 24

83 candidates filed their nominations for the NA elections scheduled for February 7. The voters will elect 56 members in the 59-member NA through a secret ballot, while three are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Government, according to the constitution.

Amid criticism for failing to investigate war-era cases of disappearance, the CIEDP proposed NR 2 million for the families of persons who have yet to be traced since they disappeared during the Maoist insurgency.

January 25

Speaking at a press conference at CPN-UML's headquarters in Kathmandu, CPN-UML Chair KP Sharma Oli, said the new Government would review all the decisions taken by the caretaker Government and revoke the ones that could be against the constitution, law and national interest.

January 26

CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli said in Pokhara that he was ready to amend the constitution. He, however, added that he would not support any attempt to divide hills and Madhes.

January 28

All the eight candidates for NA were elected unanimously in Province 2. Ramprit Yadav and Pramila Yadav from FSF-N; Brisesh Chandra Lal and Ramesh Yadav from RJP-N; Mukta Yadav and Jitendra Dev from NC; Suman Pyakurel from CPN-UML and Sashikala Dahal from CPN-Maoist Centre were elected from Province 2.

The left alliance partners agreed to share posts of Chief Ministers, provincial speakers and deputy speakers as per the deal reached between CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

FSF-N Chairman Upendra Yadav said that if the left alliance agreed to amend the constitution, his party could join the Government.

CPN-UML leader Pradeep Gyawali said that chances of amending the constitution to address the demands of the Madhes-based parties are slim in the near future.

January 29

24 members have been elected unopposed to NA from seven provincial assemblies as no other contender filed nominations for those seats or some of the contenders withdrew their nominations.

Presidium Member of RJP-N Rajendra Mahato at an interaction programme organized in the capital, Kathmandu said that his party would not join the Government of the left alliance.

Nine days before the end of their three-year tenure, TRC and CIEDP requested the Government for another extension of their term.

January 30

CPN-UML Publicity Department Chief Yogesh Bhattarai speaking at a press conference organized by Press Chautari Sunsari Chapter in Dharan city of Sunsari District said that the proposed unification between CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre can't be defined as surrender.

January 31

Following assurances from top political leaders that they will 'extend every possible support' in the investigation process, the CIEDP wrote to the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, seeking extension of its tenure by one year as provisioned in the ordinance authenticated by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari on January 19.

February 1

EC has printed 10,000 ballot papers for the NA election slated for February 7. There are 2,055 NA election voters - 1,505 chiefs and deputy chiefs of 753 local levels and 550 provincial assembly members.

The first ever meeting of the PA was held at the headquarters of Province 3 in Hetauda.

A meeting of the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre Party Unification Coordination Committee led by CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal 1 failed to reach any conclusion on unification.

February 4

Three days after Province 3 held its first assembly meeting, Province 2, 5, 6 and 7 held their first assembly meetings.

President Bidhya Devi Bhandari intensified her efforts to effect unification between the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre suggesting that CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli could be the Prime Minister and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal could be the unified party's chairman.

February 5

Cabinet extended the tenure of two transitional justice mechanisms - the TRC and the CIEDP - by one year.

Cabinet meeting also decided to bestow martyr status on security personnel serving in Nepali Army, Nepal Police, Armed Police Force or National Investigation Bureau, civil servants and government teachers killed during the 10-year armed conflict.

NHRC unveiling an 11-point recommendation concerning transitional justice asked the Government to come up with a law criminalizing conflict-era torture and enforced disappearance so as to prevent a situation of conflict-era victims seeking justice through international institutions.

February 7

Election for the NA held in six provinces with 52 candidates vying for 32 seats. Voting will took place between 10am and 3pm. Voting was not required in Province 2 where all eight candidates have been elected unopposed. EC said the NA polls were held in a peaceful and enthusiastic atmosphere in six provinces with 99.52 per cent voter turnout.

February 8

EC unveiled the final result of the NA election held on February 7. According to the EC, the CPN-UML won 27 NA seats, the NC won 13, the CPN-Maoist Centre 12 and the RJP-N and the FSF-N won two seats each.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal held talks with CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and urged him to settle issues related to unification of the two parties before forming the new Government.

February 9

EC announced the PR seats won by the parties in the HoR more than two months since the federal and provincial elections were held. The CPN-UML received 41 seats, followed by the NC's 40, the CPN-Maoist Centre's 17, and six each of the RJP-N and the FSF-N among the 110 seats for PR in the HoR.

February 10

In Dailekh District, the assailants detonated the IED at the dam site of the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project at Dab. In Sankhuwasabha District, an unidentified group of assailants detonated an IED in an under-construction powerhouse of Arun-III Hydropower Project. There were no human casualties in both the incidents, said Police. However, walls and security check posts were damaged in both the incidents.

February 11

EC submitted the result of the NA election to President Bidhya Devi Bhandari.

CPN-UML leaders offered to make CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal the Prime Minister for two-and-a-half years after CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli completes two-and-a-half years as Prime Minister.

February 12

Parliament Secretariat Spokesperson Bharat Raj Gautam said it is ready to conduct the first meeting of the new Parliaments within seven days after the final parliamentary election results are announced.

CIEDP decided to open a new complaint registration window. The CIEDP said the new window will be open from February 13 to March 14.

February 13

An unidentified group exploded an IED at Ncell tower in Sudal of Changunarayan Municipality in Bhaktapur District. Some materials including Ncell tower battery were damaged in the incident.

International human rights bodies have said that mere extension of the terms of the TRC and the CIEDP by one year without necessary legal and institutional reforms was likely to prolong the justice process.

February 14

A bomb disposal team of the Nepal Army defused a pressure cooker bomb planted at Ncell tower, on the roof of Sallaghari-based garment factory in Bhaktapur District..

HoR finally took a complete shape after the EC announced winners of the elections under the PR category.

February 15 CPN-UML Chairman Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli who guided the CPN-UML-led left alliance to a historic win in the parliamentary and provincial polls was sworn in as new Prime Minister at Office of President.
February 16 CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal said that participation in the new Government led by CPN-UML Chairman KP Oli only after a package agreement is reached on party unification and power sharing.
February 18 CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal turned down a request from Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli to send Maoist Ministers to the new Cabinet arguing that they would join the Government once there is a framework agreement on the proposed unification with the CPN-UML.
February 19

President Bidhya Devi Bhandari called the first session of the Federal Parliament at 4:00pm on March 5 at the International Convention Centre, Kathmandu.

Ruling coalition partners, CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre, have finally reached an agreement on unification of the two parties and signed a seven point agreement on the modality of the unification on February 19.

February 20 Two persons were injured when an IED went off near Bijaypur Bridge in Kaski District. Police suspect that the IED could have been planted by the Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal.
February 21 CPN-UML leaders Pradeep Gyawali and Subas Chandra Nembang held talks with second rung leaders of the FSF-N and asked them to join the KP Sharma Oli-led Government.
February 22

One person was injured as a pressure cooker bomb exploded at a grocery shop at Lahan town in Siraha District. According to the Armed Police Force Base Office, Lahan, the bomb was kept by JTMK.

CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre agreed to limit the Cabinet to 18 Ministries, including the Prime Minister's Office.

February 24 Spurned NA nominees Gopal Basnet, Krishna Prasad Poudel and Chandani Joshi, filed writ petition at Supreme Court.
February 25

SC directed the Government and the Parliament to halt the scheduled swearing-in of the recently appointed three members of NA and summoned the authorities concerned for further discussion on the case.

Leaders RJPN and FSFN said that the Madhes-based parties will join the Government if Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's Government agreed to form a federal commission to redraw the provincial boundaries.

February 26

In a talk event organised by the NEF in Kathmandu, the relations among Nepal, India and China were discussed. The event highlighted the relations of tri-nations and the contribution of India and China as allies in Nepal's development.

PM K.P. Sharma Oli expanded his Government Cabinet from three to seven members, inducting two members from CPN-Maoist Centre. Nepal's President Bidya Bhandari administered the oath ceremony in which two members of CPN-UML - Ishwar Pokherel took oath as new Defence Minister and Yubaraj Khatiwada as new Finance Minister - and two members of CPN-Maoist Centre - Ram Bahadur Thapa as Home Minister and Matrika Yadav as the Minister of Industry and Commerce - took Oath as the new Cabinet Ministers at the President's office at Sheetal Niwas in Nepal.

Addressing a programme at Rajbiraj in Saptari District, the Parliamentary Party leader of Province No. 2 of the Communist CPN-UML Satya Narayan Mandal said that Province No. 2 would have the Government with Left alliance. Efforts are ongoing for the formation of the Province Government with Participation of the Left alliance for the prosperity of the Province, said Mandal.

February 27

The K.P. Oli led Nepal Government is inching closer to two-thirds majority by bringing the Upendra Yadav-led FSFN into the ruling coalition, through a commitment to openness for a constitutional amendment in consensus. A deal with the FSFN, a Madhes-based party, is about to take place, said leaders involved in the negotiations. The ruling alliance of CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center is short of only 11 seats for a two-thirds majority in the 275-member House of Representatives. If the FSFN, which has 16 members in the lower house, joins the Government, the ruling coalition will have 190 seats.

The CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center, the two left parties which have decided to become one, have set up two sub-panels to help them draft the party statute and develop an appropriate model to integrate their sister wings. The CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center are working to develop a common framework on ideology, organization and leadership with a target to wrap up the merger process within the second week of April.

February 28

Former Prime Minister and CPN-Maoist Center Chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' said that the two-thirds majority government is in the making after six decades in the country. Dahal said the Government now is effortful to muster two thirds majority, which most probably would be the first time after 2015 BS. The two thirds majority Government is needed to push the agenda of prosperity and stability and steer the country towards socialism, he added. Further talking about the merger between the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre, he said that the recent seven-point consensus and the latest report of the taskforce have prepared the base for party merger. Chairperson Dahal expressed commitment that the incumbent government would adequately support the community radio.

March 3 The Government of Nepal is preparing to appoint an individual for two 'top' posts-the NSA and the FAA. The single appoint for two posts, as the two areas are interrelated, was under consideration as a part of the ongoing process of reforming and strengthening the PMO and the Council of Ministers, said Chief Advisor to the Nepal's PM Bishnu Rimal. However, the term used as a reference to the NSA and FAA in Nepal would not be similar to the reference of NSAs of other countries, including India, said CPN-UML Secretary Pradeep Gyawali. The Nepal Government has brought SWC, NID, DRI and DMLI, and other 'crucial' Departments, under the purview of the Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers (OPMCM). Nepal's PM K.P. Sharma Oli is working to make the OPMCM strong. As part of this strengthening process, a cabinet minister might be appointed," said Gyawali.
March 6 Upon his visit to Nepal, the Pakistan's PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi met the CPN-MC Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal in Kathmandu. Two leaders discussed the bilateral relations of the Nepal and Pakistan. The CPN-MC Chair Dahal emphasized on the need of initiative from all members to revitalize the SAARC.
March 7 The unnamed officials of Nepal's Foreign and Interior Ministry has stated that to improve its 'shaky' ties with China, India is likely to ban Tibetans to hold a rally with His Holiness Dalai Lama in New Delhi to mark the 60th anniversary of a failed uprising against Chinese rule. Exiled Tibetans would not be allowed to protest in the Indian Capital city, but could do so in the Northern town of Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh, which is a base of Tibet's exiled Government. The venue for the gathering planned for New Delhi would be changed, said a representative of the Tibetan community in Dharamsala Dorje Gyalchen.
March 9 Two task forces formed by the left alliance of the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center to finalise organisational structure, interim statute and interim political document of the unified party have failed to submit their reports scheduled for March 9. The task forces were mandated to submit their reports to CPN-UML Chairman and Prime Minister KP Oli and CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal by today (March 9). The two parties had on February 20 formed the task forces - including 10 members each with five representatives from each party - to finalise organisational structure of the unified party, and interim political report and interim statute to expedite unification as per the seven-point agreement signed between the parties on February 19. Member of the Nepal-led task force Bishnu Paudel said they could not submit the report today because the leaders got busy with the parliamentary meetings and election of the president, vice-president, speaker and deputy speaker. The task forces' deadline has now been extended until March 19, said Paudel.
March 10 The RJPN and FSFN, two Madhes-based parties in Parliament, have hinted at supporting Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli as he seeks a vote of confidence in the House, reports My Republica on March 11. PM Oli is scheduled to face a vote of confidence in parliament on Sunday (March 11), three weeks after a coalition of the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) and the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Centre (CPN-Maoist Center) elected him to power in February.
March 13 The President of Nepal Bidya Devi Bhandari emerged as victorious and re-elected for her second-term as the President with an overwhelming majority in the Presidential elections. President Bhandari had been endorsed by the Left-Alliance party. The FSFN, RJPN, and other parties had also supported the President Bhandari during elections.
March 14 NC leader Prakash Man Singh claimed that the democracy within the NC is declining. Individualistic attitude is rising and dominating the party and it is essential to maintain the institutional manner to run the party, said Singh.
March 16 Upendra Yadav, Chairman of FSF-N, said his party was still negotiating the contents of the agreement with the left alliance and he was not sure when his party would join the Government.
March 18 FSF-N decided to participate in the KP Sharma Oli-led Government only after reaching a deal on CA with the left alliance.
March 23 Leaders of the left alliance parties-CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre planned to announce their unification on April 22.
March 25 An IED went off when the vehicle carrying Province 1 Minister for Social Development Jeeevan Ghimire was heading towards Pathari-Sanischare from Biratnagar city in Morang District. Netra Bikram Chand-led Nepal Communist Party had enforced Koshi Zone closure on March 25, demanding the release of its cadres.
March 26 CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal addressing his party's student leaders in the capital, Kathmandu said that there should be equal stake of two parties in all executive committees including the central committee.
March 27 Prime Minister KP Oli during a luncheon meeting with foreign diplomats at his official residence at Baluwatar said that there will be no blanket amnesty for cases of serious violation of human rights and humanitarian laws.
March 29

Police arrested two cadres of Kirat Mukti Morcha in connection with torching the Ncell tower at Sajejung in Ilam District. Properties including a generator, wires and other equipment were damaged in the incident that occurred, said Police.

TRC welcomed Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's commitment to transitional justice and his position not to allow blanket amnesty to serious violations of human rights and humanitarian laws.

Chairman of FSF-N, Upendra Yadav, said his party would join the KP Sharma Oli-led Government only if the Government signed a deal on the constitution amendment.

April 1 Upendra Yadav, Chairman of FSF-N said the lackluster attitude and unwillingness to amend necessary section of the constitution could sprout conflict and protest.
April 3

Left alliance constituents - CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center - decided to make a formal announcement of their unification on April. A meeting of the PUCC held at Baluwatar took a decision to this effect on the recommendation of the two left alliance task forces, according to senior CPN-UML leader and PUCC member Jhalanath Khanal.

After completing consultation with other victims, the TRC is starting talks next week with the insurgency-era victims of rape and sexual violence. Two female members of the commission-Manchala Jha and Madhabi Bhatta-will hold the consultations in all the seven provinces.

April 5

A woman was injured in a bomb explosion in Dhanushadham Municipality-9 of Dhanusha District. The injured has been identified as local Tirtha Maya Tamang (60).

April 7

Minister for Home Affairs Ram Bahadur Thapa speaking at a joint press meet organized by Press Chautari and Press Centre in Chitwan District said the Government would act tough against any kind of extremism.

April 8

An unidentified group shot and injured a Hindu religious leader in Biratnagar City of Morang District. Acharya Shree Niwas sustained bullet injuries in the chest, said Police. Police recovered a pamphlet with the name of Mangol Army from the incident site. Rajan Kumar Yadav and Binod Das were arrested in connection with the incident.

April 9

CPN-Maoist Center Ministers in the CPN-UML-led Government accused the Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli of taking the decisions unilaterally. Ministers from the ruling coalition partner CPN-Maoist Center complained to the party chairman, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, over the Prime Minister accumulating extra powers in his hands and transferring 30 secretaries on a single day while keeping them (CPN-Maoist Center Ministers) in the dark.

April 10

An unidentified group carried out a broad daylight attack on Bharatpur Metropolitan City-10 Ward Chair Arun Pandit Bhandari at busy street in Narayangadh of Chitwan District. The locals have suspected that Netra Bikram Chand-led Nepal Communist Party cadres might have carried out the attack on local representative.

April 11

Cadres of Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal looted Hupsekot Rural Municipality ward 3 office of Nawalparasi District.

Attorney General Agni Kharel addressing an interaction organized by NHRC in Kathmandu said the Government had accorded top priority to amending the act related to transitional justice in line with the Supreme Court's verdicts provisioning sentencing in at least four types of crimes - extra judicial killing, enforced disappearance, torture and rape and other cases of sexual violence.

April 12

Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli Addressing the Nepali Army officer cadet training in Kharipati, Bhaktapur said "Violent activities of extremist elements and international terrorist groups, and ethnic and regional conflicts are real challenges."

April 13

Netra Bikram Chand-led Nepal Communist Party vandalised Blue Shine Stone Crusher Industry and set a crusher machine, four tippers and two excavators on fire at Namobuddha Municipality in Kavre District.

CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal at an interaction organized by the Bandarmudhe Support Committee in Chitwan District said that the Bandarmudhe incident was the greatest mistake during the decade-long 'people's war'.

April 14

An unidentified group exploded a pressure cooker bomb at the Assembly Hall of the Chulachuli Rural Municipality Office in Ilam District. The explosion caused damages to the upper floor of the under construction hall.

April 15

FSF-N Chairman Upendra Yadav said chances of his party joining the Government were slim because both constituents of the left alliance had lost interest in inducting his party in the Government and his party had also lost interest in joining the Government.

April 16

A bomb went off at Indian consulate office in Biratnagar city of Morang District damaging the wall on the premises. Investigating officers suspected cadres of Netra Bikram Chand's Communist Party of Nepal to have caused the blast.

Officials from the CIEDP urged Minister for Law and Justice Sher Bahadur Tamang to expedite amendments to the existing Act on transitional justice, saying that the lack of required laws was responsible for the sluggish investigation process.

April 18

Talks between leaders of the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center failed to make headway as deadlock continues over the latter's demand for a dignified merger.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal speaking to reporters at Bharatpur Airport of Chitwan District in Province No. 3 said unification of the two left parties would be done by mid-May.

April 19

PUCC of the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center has entrusted the two leaders to come up with a final decision to unite the parties, earlier slated for April 22.

April 20

Police arrested two student leaders of the Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal in Sindhuli District of Province 3. Police recovered 57 gelatins, three detonators, two digital multi-meters, two meters date cord wire, a pair of scissors and some documents from the duo.

Dissident leaders of RJPN, including Vice-chairman Ashok Kumar Yadav, General Secretary Kadam Rasul Ansari and others announced a new party named RJPN (Democratic), severing ties with the mother party.

April 22

Prime Minister and Chairman of CPN-UML KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal while ddressing a programme organized to mark Vladimir Lenin's birth anniversary and establishment of Nepal Communist Party assured fellow leaders, cadres and followers that their parties would surely unite.

Left alliance sources said senior CPN-UML leader Madhav Kumar Nepal has opposed the gentleman's agreement between Prime Minister and CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal have reached a gentleman's agreement to have 200 leaders from both parties in the Central Committee of the unified party.

April 24

Prime Minister and Chairman of CPN-UML KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal agreed to formulate a new programme on the basis of the guiding principles of Marxism, Leninism and Socialism.

As the unification process of the two major left parties appears to have lost steam, the CPN-Maoist Center decided to shore up its existing structures.

April 25

CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal in his address to the 25th central assembly of NNJS in Bharatpur city of Chitwan District in Province 3 said that there is no space for extremism in Nepal.

April 26

FSFN and RJPN are left with three hard choices as little progress is made in talks with the Government. The first option is to join the Government accepting Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli's terms and conditions. The second option is to sever ties with the Government and resume a fresh protest to press the Government to amend the constitution. The third option is to wait for opportune moment to join the Government.

April 27

In yet another twist to the left merger, CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal asked CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli to choose between premiership and party leadership.

April 28

Unification between the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center remained deadlocked with both sides refusing to budge from their stances.

April 29

An unidentified group detonated an IED at the office of Arun-III Hydropower Project in Sankhuwasabha District in Province No 1. Police suspect that the attack was perpetrated the Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal cadres.

May 1

Chairman of CPN-Maoist Center Pushpa Kamal Dahal addressing a joint program organized on the occasion of Labor Day said that the party unification between CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center will be announced on May 5.

May 2

CPN-UML Central Disciplinary Commission has urged the senior leaders of CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center to finalize the party merger bid between two leftist parties as soon as possible.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal briefing his party leaders during a meeting of the CPN-Maoist Centre Secretariat at the party headquarters in Kathmandu hinted at roping NSP-N and FSF-N.

May 4

CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal inaugurating a national seminar in Kathmandu remarked that no further delay should be made in unification between the party and CPN-UML.

CVCP, an umbrella body of 13 organizations advocating for justice of war-era victims, unveiled their advocacy paper on reparation and submitted it to the Government.

CIEDP has 'halted' investigations owing to 'lack of funds'. CIEDP Spokesperson Bishnu Pathak said more than 60 per cent of the CIEDP budget was set to freeze due to the failure to spend.

May 5

A three-year-old Helen Gautam sustained minor injuries when bomb was hurled at a moving bus along the Dharan-Itahari road section of Itahari Sub-Metropolitan City-4 in the Sunsari District of Province 1. Police said as the Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal cadres enforced a strike in order to pile pressure on the Government for the release of its cadres, the cadres of the same outfit are suspected responsible for the blast.

A pressure cooker bomb went off at the office of Kalika Construction at Habaldarpur in Banke District of Province 5. The explosion had damaged the asphalt plant of the company.

An IED went off near Gauriganga Municipality ward 10 office in Dhangadhi city of Kailali District in Province 7. The explosion however did not cause any kind of damage.

May 6

IED went off simultaneously at Baletaxar, Ruru Municipality; and Tamghas of Resunga Municipality in Gulmi District of Province. No casualty was reported, said Police.

Four ordinances were tabled in the meeting of the House of Representatives at Federal Parliament building at New Baneshwor, Kathmandu. The parliament will meet next at 1:00 pm on May 9.

May 7

Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli while addressing the 17th secretariat meeting of the National Security Council at Singha Durbar in Kathmandu said that the Government would take action against those who attack the national integrity and security of the nation.

CPN-Maoist Center Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal addressing a function organized by YCL, the party's youth wing, in Kathmandu said that give due credit to "people's war".

May 11

CPN-Maoist Center has directed its party chapters of all the seven provinces to recommend names of around 200 leaders as the party prepares to revamp its jumbo central committee.

May 13

A nationwide band to protest against the agreements signed by Nepal and India during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's latest Nepal visit enforced by the Netra Bikram Chand-led Communist Party of Nepal was marked by sporadic incidents of arson and explosion in some places.

In Palpa District of Province 5, IEDs were detonated at Srinagardanda and Tansen. There were no casualties. Normal life in the District was greatly affected because of the banda.

In Chitwan District of Province 3, an early morning explosion near the Bharatpur-based Bhatbhateni Supermarket shattered some windows and damaged the building wall. The blast occurred at the passage between Hotel Royal Century and Bhatbhateni Supermarket at 3:45 am.

Another early morning attack allegedly perpetrated by the CPN workers, explosives were hurled at two parked buses belonging to Suryodaya Yatayat at a garage in Mechinagar, Jhapa District of Province 1.

Similarly, suspected CPN activists set ablaze two Lorries parked at Dharke Bazaar in Dhunibeshi Municipality, Dhading District of Province 3. The two cargo tranporters from India (R J 42 GA 5021 and R J 42 GA 0756) were torched at around 3 am, causing panic at the highway settlement that has a LPG bottling plant and a petrol station nearby.

In Sunsari District of Province 1, a group set fire to the office vehicle of NHIDCL, the consultancy firm for Postal Road Project which is being undertaken by the Indian government, at around 1:00 am. The front section of the car was damaged in the incident.

In Banke District of Province 5, the generators of the telecom company, Ncell, were torched at Khajura and Baijanath area, police said.

May 15

Following a month of hiatus, the process of unification between left alliance constituents - the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center - seems to have gathered some momentum, with alliance leaders claiming that a formal unification announcement will be made on May 21.

May 16

Eight months after the initial agreement between the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center on a party unity, the two ruling left parties reached closer to sealing the deal.

May 17

Two major national left political forces - CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center - merged to become the NCP, 69 years after the communist movement gained momentum in the country with the establishment of a party by the same name.

May 18

The newly-formed NCP plans to form panels to complete the unification process at the province, district and village levels.

FSF-N lawmakers raised the issue of citizenship denial to people of Tarai-Madhes during a meeting of the House of Representatives.

May 19

Prime Minister and Chairman of the NCP, KP Sharma Oli presiding over the first meeting of the lawmakers representing the party in the Parliament after the formation of the NCP at the Parliament Building at New Baneshwar, Kathmandu said the party unification has created a viable condition for development and prosperity.

May 20

A storm is brewing in the newly-formed NCP amid allegation that some second-rung leaders from the erstwhile CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center received "an unfair advantage" in the merger between the two parties.

Two persons were injured in a bomb explosion at the house of Bhim Poudel, the Ward Chairperson of the Damak Municipality Ward Number 7 in Jhapa District of Province 1.

May 21

Government announced that it is to concentrate all its state mechanisms and resources on the implementation of the new Constitution.

NCP leader Jhala Nath Khanal objected to party's new hierarchy. He took exception to his demotion in the party hierarchy and demanded that he should be reinstated to his former position.

May 22

Leaders of the RJPN in a meeting with Prime Minister KP Oli at his residence in Baluwatar, Kathmandu have said that their party is ready to join the Government if the latter gives unequivocal assurance to amend the constitution.

May 23

Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli while inaugurating the General Council Meeting of World Federation of Democratic Youth in Kathmandu said the unification between two communist parties has created a base for stability, peace, good governance and prosperity in the country.

Home Minister Ram Bahadur Thapa speaking at a press meet at Dhangadi city in Kailali District of Province 7 warned that no one acting against the statute and the prevailing law of the land would be spared.

May 24

FSFN Chairman Upendra Yadav speaking at a programme organised in Saptari District of Province 2 said Nepal's federalism is in crisis and accused the federal Government of trying to weaken the federalism.

May 27

Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli told the House of Representatives that the Constitution could be amended on the basis of necessity and rationale.

NCP, which had extended support for formation of coalition Government by FSF-N and RJP-N in Province 2, withdrew its support to the Government in the province.

May 28 NCP and FSF-N signed a two-point agreement. NCP Co-Chair duo Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli and Pushpa Kamal Dahal and FSF-N Chairman Upendra Yadav signed the agreement during a meeting held in Baluwatar, Kathmandu. Following the agreement, Upendra Yadav-led FSFN has decided to join the Government.

May 29

CPN-Maoist Center leader Balkrishna Dhungel, a murder convict released from Dillibazaar prison after getting Presidential pardon.

NC drawn the attention of the Government over it's decision of award amnesty to murder-convict Balkrishna Dhungel, who was serving the jail term. Objecting the Government decision to release murder convict Dhungel, all lawmakers from the NC stood up leaving their seats as soon as the meeting of the federal Parliament began.

May 30

Prime Minister KP Oli said that Nepal is in a position to peacefully achieve its goal of socialism by stepping in the provisions set in the Constitution promulgated by the elected Constituent Assembly CA.

Two invitee central committee members of the NCP have asked chairman and Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli about the reasons for excluding them from the central committee. Amrit Bohara and Amik Serchan submitted their grievances in writing to Oli.

May 31

Chairman of FSF-N Upendra Yadav said that the FSF-N joined Government after NCP vowed to amend the Constitution

TRC officials said that the merger between CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Center to form the NCP has affected the investigation into the war-era cases of human rights violations as the local governments in many places are now reluctant to cooperate in the investigation process.

June 1

FSF-N joined the Government by taking two Ministries. In the fourth extension of the cabinet, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli inducted FSF-N Chairman Upendra Yadav as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Health; and Mohammad Istiyak Rai as Minister for Urban Development.

June 3

EC officials said that the newly formed NCP violated Party Registration Act with low representation of women. NCP will have to at least double the number of women in its central committee to be eligible to register the party at the EC, according to officials.

General Secretary of RJP-N Chanda Chaudhary said the ruling party had not paid attention to constitution amendment. Chaudhary said constitution amendment was not the issue of only Madhesis, but also of the people from hilly areas.

June 4

Co-chairperson of the NCP, Pushpa Kamal Dahal addressing a press meet at Pokhara city in Kaski District of Province 4 said that Constitution amendment now possible with two-third majority.

June 5

Brushing off rumours that the coalition partners were parting way after the FSF-N joined the KP Sharma-led federal Government, a meeting of the six-member presidium of the RJP-N decided to keep the provincial coalition intact, RJP-N decided to continue its support to the FSF-N in Province 2.

June 6

EC at a meeting of the EC commissioners decided to register NCP, nearly three weeks after the merger between the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Center.

Subodh Raj Pyakurel, Chairman of INSEC, a leading human rights organization in Nepal, issuing a press release said that although 13 years have passed since then rebels CPN-Maoist bombed a public passenger bus at Badarmude of Madi in Chitwan District; the families of the victims are still waiting for justice.

June 7

EC handed over registration certificate to NCP amidst a function in Kathmandu. Chief Election Commissioner Ayodhi Prasad Yadav handed over the certificate to NCP General Secretary Bishnu Poudel.

As the Government now holds a two-thirds majority in the Parliament, enough to amend the constitution, NCP Co-Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal suggested making the idea of directly-elected executive part of the national political discourse.

As the Government now holds a two-thirds majority in the Parliament, enough to amend the constitution, NCP Co-Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal suggested making the idea of directly-elected executive part of the national political discourse.

June 8

NC senior leader Ram Chandra Paudel expressed his dissatisfaction and rejected NCP Co-Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal suggestion that Nepal should adopt the directly elected executive presidential system.

June 9

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Health and Population Upendra Yadav speaking to media persons at a press meet organized by Federal Press Forum, Kaski District said that the constitution would be amended with two-thirds majority to rectify mistakes in the charter.

June 10

FSF-N and RJP-N have been granted the status of a national party in the NA, the upper house in the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal.

Coordinator of RJP-N Mahantha Thakur talking to media persons in Janakpur Airport revealed that his party was willing to join the Government.

RJP-N Presidium member Rajendra Mahato while talking to reporters at Biratnagar Airport said his party will not join the Government unless the constitution is amended to ensure the rights for Madhes and Madhesi people.

Co-chairman of NCP Pushpa Kamal Dahal said that his party had held one round of negotiation with RJP-N on issues of constitution amendment and would hold further rounds of negotiation with the party.

Source:Compiled from news reports and are provisional.