Nepal Timeline - Year 2018



January 1

Leaders of left alliance - the CPN-UML and the CPN-Maoist Centre - met office bearers of the EC and demanded that results of the PR election be announced immediately.

January 2

PMO prepared directives and by-laws for running provincial parliaments and Governments, defining the role of provincial chiefs (Governors). Sources said that the Government is set to appoint Governors and announce the temporary capitals of the seven provinces in a Cabinet meeting on January 4.

The Government proposed temporary headquarters for all seven provinces, from which administrative works of the respective provinces will be carried out for the time being.

CPN-Maoist Centre leaders during the headquarters meeting of the party Centre urged the party leadership to ensure that Pushpa Kamal Dahal becomes a powerful chief of the unified party if CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli is appointed the Prime Minister.

January 3 Reiterating its position, the EC said that it cannot announce the results of the House of Representatives elections under the PR category before the NA elections.
January 4

An all-party meeting called by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba to finalize the announcement of NA election date, appointment of province chiefs and declaration of temporary provincial headquarters failed to reach consensus.

Minister for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Yagya Bahadur Thapa said preparations are underway to introduce an ordinance to extend the terms of TRC and CIEDP.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal stated that the process of forming the new Government would move ahead after the NA election.

January 5

The Government decided to hold the NA election on February 7. A meeting of the Council of Ministers held at Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's official residence in Baluwatar took a decision to this effect, said Minister for Finance Gyanendra Bahadur Karki.

The Government decided to extend the tenure of CIEDP and TRC by a year. A decision to this effect was taken in a meeting of the Cabinet. Terms of TRC and CIEDP end on February 10.

TRC's office in Province-1 has failed to meet its target in investigating the complaints related to the serious human rights violation during the Maoist insurgency. "The Commission had been entrusted with the investigation of 1,207 cases in the first phase but as there were elections one after another, we have so far investigated only 285 cases and sent them back to the commission's central office," Investigation expert Mina Sedain said.

January 7 CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal held talks and agreed to intensify their efforts to unify their two parties.
January 16

EC said that delay in naming Governors may affect the NA election. The EC, which is preparing for the election scheduled for February 7, plans to publish the voter list on January 21.

EC proposed to use four types of ballot papers of two colors in the NA election slated for February 7.

January 17

Government recommended Governors of the seven provinces and named seven temporary provincial workstations.

EC announced the winners of the PA elected under the PR. Altogether 220 members of PA have been elected under PR category.

January 18

CEC Ayodhee Prasad Yadav inaugurating the election operation and management training organized for election officers, assistant election officers, and District election officers to be deputed in NA election in Kathmandu said that no one should carry out activities that would hamper the NA election.

CPN-UML Chairperson KP Sharma Oli in a press conference organized at the Tribhuvan International Airport upon his arrival from regular health check-up in Thailand said that the new Government would reconsider the Governors of the seven provinces and names of seven temporary provincial workstations recommended by the incumbent Government.

HRW in its World Report 2018 released said that the Conflict victims are yet to get justice in Nepal.

January 19 CPN-UML Chairman K P Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal expedited negotiations on power-sharing in the new Government and party unification.
January 21

In a significant move toward implementing the federal set up as envisioned by the new constitution promulgated in September 2015, the newly-elected members of the provincial assemblies in all seven provinces took the oath of office and secrecy.

As part of holding the upper house election slated for February 7, the EC made public the name list of voters who will elect 56 members of the 59-member upper house of federal parliament.

January 23

NC, RJP-N and FSF-N forged an alliance for the upcoming election of NA scheduled for February 7. In a meeting held at Baluwatar with the NC, the leaders from RJP-N and FSF-N have agreed to make the alliance for the election.

January 24

83 candidates filed their nominations for the NA elections scheduled for February 7. The voters will elect 56 members in the 59-member NA through a secret ballot, while three are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Government, according to the constitution.

Amid criticism for failing to investigate war-era cases of disappearance, the CIEDP proposed NR 2 million for the families of persons who have yet to be traced since they disappeared during the Maoist insurgency.

January 25

Speaking at a press conference at CPN-UML's headquarters in Kathmandu, CPN-UML Chair KP Sharma Oli, said the new Government would review all the decisions taken by the caretaker Government and revoke the ones that could be against the constitution, law and national interest.

January 26

CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli said in Pokhara that he was ready to amend the constitution. He, however, added that he would not support any attempt to divide hills and Madhes.

January 28

All the eight candidates for NA were elected unanimously in Province 2. Ramprit Yadav and Pramila Yadav from FSF-N; Brisesh Chandra Lal and Ramesh Yadav from RJP-N; Mukta Yadav and Jitendra Dev from NC; Suman Pyakurel from CPN-UML and Sashikala Dahal from CPN-Maoist Centre were elected from Province 2.

The left alliance partners agreed to share posts of Chief Ministers, provincial speakers and deputy speakers as per the deal reached between CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

FSF-N Chairman Upendra Yadav said that if the left alliance agreed to amend the constitution, his party could join the Government.

CPN-UML leader Pradeep Gyawali said that chances of amending the constitution to address the demands of the Madhes-based parties are slim in the near future.

January 29

24 members have been elected unopposed to NA from seven provincial assemblies as no other contender filed nominations for those seats or some of the contenders withdrew their nominations.

Presidium Member of RJP-N Rajendra Mahato at an interaction programme organized in the capital, Kathmandu said that his party would not join the Government of the left alliance.

Nine days before the end of their three-year tenure, TRC and CIEDP requested the Government for another extension of their term.

January 30

CPN-UML Publicity Department Chief Yogesh Bhattarai speaking at a press conference organized by Press Chautari Sunsari Chapter in Dharan city of Sunsari District said that the proposed unification between CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre can't be defined as surrender.

January 31

Following assurances from top political leaders that they will 'extend every possible support' in the investigation process, the CIEDP wrote to the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, seeking extension of its tenure by one year as provisioned in the ordinance authenticated by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari on January 19.

February 1

EC has printed 10,000 ballot papers for the NA election slated for February 7. There are 2,055 NA election voters - 1,505 chiefs and deputy chiefs of 753 local levels and 550 provincial assembly members.

The first ever meeting of the PA was held at the headquarters of Province 3 in Hetauda.

A meeting of the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre Party Unification Coordination Committee led by CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal 1 failed to reach any conclusion on unification.

February 4

Three days after Province 3 held its first assembly meeting, Province 2, 5, 6 and 7 held their first assembly meetings.

President Bidhya Devi Bhandari intensified her efforts to effect unification between the CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre suggesting that CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli could be the Prime Minister and CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal could be the unified party's chairman.

February 5

Cabinet extended the tenure of two transitional justice mechanisms - the TRC and the CIEDP - by one year.

Cabinet meeting also decided to bestow martyr status on security personnel serving in Nepali Army, Nepal Police, Armed Police Force or National Investigation Bureau, civil servants and government teachers killed during the 10-year armed conflict.

NHRC unveiling an 11-point recommendation concerning transitional justice asked the Government to come up with a law criminalizing conflict-era torture and enforced disappearance so as to prevent a situation of conflict-era victims seeking justice through international institutions.

February 7

Election for the NA held in six provinces with 52 candidates vying for 32 seats. Voting will took place between 10am and 3pm. Voting was not required in Province 2 where all eight candidates have been elected unopposed. EC said the NA polls were held in a peaceful and enthusiastic atmosphere in six provinces with 99.52 per cent voter turnout.

February 8

EC unveiled the final result of the NA election held on February 7. According to the EC, the CPN-UML won 27 NA seats, the NC won 13, the CPN-Maoist Centre 12 and the RJP-N and the FSF-N won two seats each.

CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal held talks with CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and urged him to settle issues related to unification of the two parties before forming the new Government.

February 9

EC announced the PR seats won by the parties in the HoR more than two months since the federal and provincial elections were held. The CPN-UML received 41 seats, followed by the NC's 40, the CPN-Maoist Centre's 17, and six each of the RJP-N and the FSF-N among the 110 seats for PR in the HoR.

February 10

In Dailekh District, the assailants detonated the IED at the dam site of the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project at Dab. In Sankhuwasabha District, an unidentified group of assailants detonated an IED in an under-construction powerhouse of Arun-III Hydropower Project. There were no human casualties in both the incidents, said Police. However, walls and security check posts were damaged in both the incidents.

February 11

EC submitted the result of the NA election to President Bidhya Devi Bhandari.

CPN-UML leaders offered to make CPN-Maoist Centre Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal the Prime Minister for two-and-a-half years after CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli completes two-and-a-half years as Prime Minister.

Source:Compiled from news reports and are provisional.