SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 3, No. 31, February 14, 2005
assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Economy at Risk
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management
"We will come back soon." This was the message left in Telugu
by the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) activists
after their attack on the 9th Battalion of the Karnataka
State Reserve police (KSRP) camp on the night of February
11. Six police personnel and a civilian were killed and
five others injured when an estimated 300 Naxalites (Left
Wing extremists), including some 50
women, attacked the KSRP camp with hand grenades, bombs
and AK 47 assault rifles at Venkammanahalli under Pavagada
revenue division of Karnataka's Tumkur district 130 kilometers
from the State capital, Bangalore. The Naxalites took away
10 self-loading rifles, while six unexploded bombs and some
grenades were subsequently recovered from the compound.
A landmine was also spotted by a police rescue team at Kyatacherlu,
an adjacent village, under a bridge on the main road leading
to the spot where a tractor had been parked to block the
security force (SF) movement. After the Naxalites exchanged
fire with the police at Venkatammanahalli in April 2003,
a platoon of the KSRP has been deployed in Tumkur as the
extremists were frequenting the border villages.
came five days after the police shot dead a top Naxalite
leader, Saketh Rajan, and his associate in the Kallugudde
forests in Chikmagalur district on February 6. Interestingly,
the Chief Minister of Karnataka, Dharam Singh, had ordered
an investigation into Rajan's killing after human rights
activists charged the police with faking the encounter.
Over the past five years, Naxalite activities have increased
in the districts surrounding Bangalore city - India's 'Silicon
Valley'. Both Tumkur and Kolar districts share borders with
Andhra Pradesh, and are situated to the North and East of
Bangalore, respectively. The Naxalites have been active
in both districts since the 1980's. They also have a strong
presence in the Pavagada taluk (revenue division), 130 kilometers
from Bangalore, where leaders such as Yenti Muthyalappa
and Kurubara Banadiah contributed to the growth of the movement.
To the West of the city, the Naxalites have increased their
activities in the Malnad region of the Western Ghats, comprising
five districts: Shimoga, Udupi, Chikmagalur, Dakshin Kannada,
and Hassan. Though initial Naxalite activity was concentrated
in Tumkur, Kolar, Bidar, Gulbarga, and Raichur districts,
they have progressively extended their base in the Western
Ghats. In June 2001, coordinated agitations by various organisations,
including the Kudremukh Rashtriya Udyana Virodhi Okkuta,
Karnataka Vimochana Ranga, and Nagarika Seva Trust, against
the eviction of tribal people from the Kudremukh National
Park (KNP) area helped the then People's War Group (PWG)
to establish its base by taking up the cause of the tribal
people. In addition to the park issue, 'exploitation' by
the landlords was another issue that helped the Naxalites
to expand their activities.
The southern part of Bangalore city shares its borders with
the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu, which has been under
Naxalite influence for the past two decades. While the movement
was substantially contained through the 1980's, it had regained
strength by November 2002, when the authorities conducted
a major crackdown. In addition to Dharmapuri, the Naxalites
have a presence in at least another three districts in Tamil
Nadu: Salem, Coimbatore and Madurai. On October 10, 2004,
the Tamil Nadu Government had banned the PWG under the Criminal
Law Amendment Act, 1908, in order to protect its territories
from infiltration by extremist cadres from neighboring states
such as Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Dharmapuri's strategic
location appears to be a compelling factor in the Naxalites'
choice of the district for their operations.
Following the killing of six of its policemen at Venkammanahalli,
the Karnataka Government has identified 33 police stations
across 10 districts in the State as "hyper sensitive and
vulnerable" to attack by the extremists. Of these, 23 are
spread across seven districts - Bidar, Gulbarga, Raichur,
Bellary, Chitradurga, Tumkur and Kolar - which border Andhra
Pradesh. Police Chiefs of these districts have been directed
to declare a red alert in the areas within their jurisdiction
and to fortify police stations. The remaining 10 police
stations are spread across Shimoga, Chikmagalur and Udupi
districts in the western part of the State.
The economic impact of the Naxalite rampage is potentially
devastating. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, on a visit to
Bangalore on February 12, expressed concern over the growth
of Naxalite activities in the country and accepted that
Left Wing extremism was gaining momentum in Central India.
He noted, further, that these were the "areas where the
greater part of India's mineral resources, hydroelectric
and other resources are located". US Ambassador to India,
David Mulford, recently expressed concern that the growing
Naxalite violence in the country could hit the inflow of
foreign investments in the country. Among India's southern
States, Tamil Nadu tops the list for foreign direct investment
(FDI), followed by Karnataka. Unsurprisingly, despite the
hype about 'Cyberabad', Andhra Pradesh is not in the list
of top five FDI destinations in the India. Karnataka, the
second largest FDI recipient in the country, approved 934
FDI proposals worth Rupees 7,826 crore (Rs 78.26 billion)
during the year 2003. However, it slipped to the fourth
rank in 2004. If trend in the proliferation of violence
continue, India's target of US$ 15 billion in FDI in the
year 2005 may not materialize. On February 9, 2005, Union
Minister of Commerce & Industry, Kamal Nath, sought FDI
into the country's sluggish infrastructure sector and reiterated
Prime Minister's assessment that India would require an
investment of at least US$150 billion over the next 5-10
years to upgrade its infrastructure. According to the Federation
of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) FDI
Survey, 2004, "While the outlook for FDI inflows into India
in the near to medium term remains positive, security and
terrorism concerns weigh heavily on the minds of foreign
In addition to the activities of Indian Naxalites around
Bangalore, the presence of the Young Communist League (YCL),
a front organisation of the Communist Party of Nepal - Maoist
(CPN-M) appears to be active in Bangalore. Slogans such
as "Long live YCL Nepal" and "Maobad Zindabad (Long Live
Maoism), Communist Party of Nepal" have been found plastered
on the walls in various localities, including the Lalbagh
West Gate. Sources indicate that YCL has been collecting
funds in India and was mobilizing Nepali students and workers
for its activities. Ram Charan Shresta, a Kathmandu-based
ideologue of the YCL, who is also believed to be linked
with Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), coordinates
the Indian operations. A former Chief of the Karnataka Police
Anti-Terrorist Squad has claimed that the Nepali Maoists
were in league with the Naxalites of the PWG. Such linkages
and activities, while they are yet to translate into violence,
can only further undermine investor confidence in Karnataka,
and particularly in Bangalore.
Unfortunately, there appears to be little coherence in India's
response to this challenge, and the wider problem of the
rampaging growth of Left Wing extremism across large parts
of the country. Over the past year, the Naxalites have been
extending their areas of activity at the rate of an average
of two districts each week, and have gone from just 55 districts
in nine States in November 2003, to as many as 170 districts
in 15 States by February 2005. In just the past 44 days,
106 persons - 32 civilians, 32 security personnel, and 42
extremists - have been killed in Naxalite-related violence,
much of it directly connected with the call for a boycott
of the Assembly elections in Bihar and Jharkhand. In Jharkhand,
some of the Naxalite affected districts experienced a voter
turnover of just 29 per cent, among the worst ever in the
State. Nevertheless, the official response continues to
be lack-lustre, and Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee on
January 29, had said that the Naxalite violence in the country
But efforts to 'manage' this 'manageable' problem are riven
with contradictions. In Andhra Pradesh, the Greyhounds,
a special force of the Andhra Pradesh Police, had cornered
CPI-Maoist State secretary, Ramakrishna, and a number of
other Naxalite leaders in the Nallamala forests in the Prakasam-Kurnool
district border on February 3, 2005. Some frantic lobbying
by sympathizers and front organizations in Hyderabad resulted
in political intervention that forced the compliant Police
to pull back and allow the extremists to walk free. The
nexus between political parties and the Naxalites has been
crucial to the long-term survival of this extremist movement,
as well as to its extension over widening territories.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has now issued a call for
a 'comprehensive strategy' to tackle the Naxalites. Regrettably,
there is little evidence that the present regime at New
Delhi or, for that matter, in any of the capitals of the
affected States, have the political acumen or strategic
foresight to deal effectively with this growing challenge.
Reform: Fundamentalist Fury
Guest Writer: Mohammad Shehzad
Islamabad-based freelance writer
After seizing power through a dramatic coup d'état,
General Pervez Musharraf initiated several reforms in various
areas, including education. To improve it, Musharraf signed
an executive order (the Presidential Ordinance of November
8, 2002; CXIV/2002) inducting the Aga Khan University Examination
Board (AKUEB) into the national education system.
was selected for this assignment due to its outstanding
track record. Over the years, the Aga Khan Development Network
(AKDN) has emerged as one of the most effective association
of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in Pakistan, and
has changed the lives of large numbers of people in the
remotest areas of Pakistan, including the Northern Areas,
where no Government agency has ever undertaken any development
The AKUEB has been given the task of upgrading and modernizing
the declining standards of education and of holding examinations
for private educational institutions. The affiliation of
these institutions to the Board is voluntary. The Board
has not been given any role in Government schools, and the
system is also intended to help groom teachers in private
educational institutions with excellent skills through training.
The AKUEB would bring modern examinations, both in English
and Urdu, at an affordable cost to a much broader section
of society, providing parents and schools an option in the
style of education they desire from classes IX to XII. Until
now, such a choice was confined to a very few who could
afford the O Levels fees. The AKUEB follows the British
education system of O and A levels. O levels are designed
for students from 14 to 16 years old and are aimed at preparing
them for academic progression and equipping them with skills
necessary for employment. A Level is designed to prepare
them for university and other professional fields of study.
Both levels emphasize broad choices of subjects, covering
the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences and other
creative technical and vocational qualifications. A National
Examination Testing Service has been constituted and the
Government educational boards have agreed to entertain applications
from students who take examinations under the AKUEB. These
examinations are expected to start in 2006.
Musharraf's initiatives on this count have been greeted
as a step in the right direction by the enlightened section
of Pakistani society. However, the rightwing groups (jihadis,
Islamists, clerics, fundamentalists, and religious extremists)
- a powerful minority in Pakistan by whom the mainstream
is held hostage - has launched a virulent campaign against
these reforms. A wide range of facilities are available
to these groups for the propagation of their venomous propaganda,
including the jihadi media, pulpits and loudspeakers
at mosques, and public rallies [which are not allowed for
mainstream politics but are permitted for jihad and
The jihadi Press - comprising dozens of publications
with a collective circulation in millions - has started
a concentrated smear campaign against the Ismaeli (Aga Khani)
community, with at least some mainstream publications, such
as Nawa-i-Waqt and The Nation, supporting
the fundamentalist in this campaign. The jihadi Press
is cranking out highly inflammatory and provocative material
against the Prince Karim Aga Khan, the Ismaelis, AKUEB and
AKDN in an attempt to present the Ahmadis and the Ismaelis
as two sides of the same coin. Jihadi leaders have
issued statement after statement demonizing the Ahmadis
and the Ismaelis. Crossing all limits of decency and diplomacy,
the rabid Islamist Qazi Hussain Ahmad - often referred to
as a 'Pakistani Bal Thackeray' - launched a direct attack
on Prince Karim Aga Khan. The Qazi was the first to spearhead
the campaign against the Ismaelis, linking them to the Ahmadis,
the most persecuted sect in Pakistan. Weekly Ghazwa
- a publication of the defunct Lashkar-e-Taiba - in its
May 6, 2004, issue quoted Qazi as saying: "If the Prince
Karim Aga Khan tried to interfere in our curriculum, I will
make his end miserable. In fact, his end would be even worse
than the Ahmadis." A diplomat chastised Qazi at a social
gathering for this threat. (The Friday Times; June 3,
The jihadis accuse the AKDN of receiving a 'bribe'
of $45 million as grant from the US for 'perverting' Pakistan's
education system by 'spreading nudity and obscenity' and
'introducing a free-sex environment'. To support their claim,
the jihadis have distorted and exaggerated a health
survey by the Aga Khan Nursing School. The Daily Jasarat,
on May 9, 2004, declaimed:
Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) has distributed a questionnaire
among schoolgirls aged between 11-15 that asks sensuous
and objectionable questions. For example, has a man
ever touched your body? If so, who is that person?
Has anyone touched your breasts? Do you know about
self-breast examination? If so, how do you feel about
discussing it with other people? Most of the questions
pertain to menstruation, asking girls whether they
feel pain during the periods. The questionnaire has
frightened the parents. What could be the purpose
of asking such questions? It is a US conspiracy to
spread perversion in the society. The US is using
our education minister Zobaida Jalal to achieve this
objective. At her behest, these questions have been
included in the schoolbooks of class VIII.'
publication has been distorting this questionnaire according
to its own indoctrination policy. Outperforming all others,
Weekly Ghazwa (December 23, 2004) reported:
Khan Board has circulated a questionnaire among the
students under the title, 'Health Survey'. The questionnaire
asks the students the following obscene and immoral
- Should a girl have
sex before the marriage? If yes, at what age?
- AIDS is transmitted
through unsafe sex, prostitution and homosexuality,
therefore, ensure that you practice safe sex.
- Have you ever had
sex? If yes, at what age?
- Do you drink? If
yes, how much quantity?
- Do you take drugs
or other intoxicating things?
- When did you have
sex first time in your life?
- Should a boy and
a girl in love have sex before the marriage?
- How to derive maximum
pleasure from sex?
- Have you seen your
sister naked? If yes, what type of feelings you
had in your mind? Did you ever think of having sex
- Is your father having
sex with you? Is your brother having sex with you?
- Have you been sleeping
with your mother in the childhood? Did you ever
see her naked? If yes, what type of feelings you
had in your mind?
- When was the last
time you saw your mother naked?
questions pervert the young minds. These questions
are asked from the students of the 9th and 10th grade.
You can well imagine from the above questions that
it is a conspiracy to introduce immoral values in
our Islamic society. There is no doubt that the Aga
Khan Board is working at the behest of the Jews, Hindus
and Christians and its mission is to pervert our coming
of the education reforms controversy widened when Hafiz
Mohammad Saeed (the supremo of the defunct Laskhar-e-Taiba,
LeT) joined issue. In the internet edition of Weekly
Ghazwa (November 4, 2004), Saeed said: "Musharraf is
working on making the Northern Areas an Aga Khani state.
He has been pressured by Christina Rocca to hand over Kashmir
to Prince Karim Aga Khan so that he could annex it with
the Northern Areas and make it his fiefdom."
The propaganda against Ismaelis has intensified to such
an extent that now Aga Khanis are being condemned for most
of the developments taking place in Pakistan, including
Pakistan's privatization policy.
America is behind sectarian violence in many countries
including Pakistan. The biggest proof of General Musharraf's
inefficiency is, he has allowed the AKF to act as
the agent of the US. Habib Bank has been sold to the
AKF at throwaway price. AKF has been allowed to tamper
with the education system of Pakistan. The AKF has
secularized Pakistani education system. This has resulted
into a backlash against the Aga Khanis and it has
happened first time in Pakistan's history. If a better
sense did not prevail upon Prince Karim Aga Khan or
General Musharraf then Pakistan will be in the grip
of a fire. Musharraf has masterminded hatred against
Aga Khanis in the Pakistani society. He is pushing
Pakistan into the 1971-like situation. (Daily Jasarat,
January 10, 2005)
have also begun to blame Prince Karim Aga Khan for the sectarian
violence in Gilgit. Thus, the Weekly Takbeer in its
cover story (Jan 26, 2005) wrote:
elements are involved in trouble in Gilgit - internal
conspiracies and those who want to secularize the
Northern Areas and isolate it from Pakistan. The latter
are the pro-Hindu elements and Aga Khanis are on the
top of it. The Aga Khani lobby is behind Aga Ziauddin's
murder. He was the only hurdle in the preaching of
the Aga Khanis' religion. The majority of the people
in Gilgit are Shias and Aga Ziauddin was their sole
spiritual leader. He was an uncontroversial figure.
Even his opponents also admired him. Ziauddin struggled
for the rights of Shias on many fronts. He was against
the increasing influence of Aga Khan Foundation in
the Northern Areas. He also wanted the Government
to introduce separate curriculum for the Shias in
the Northern Areas. He had opponents too in this regard.
The increasing influence of the Aga Khan Development
Network (AKDN) in Gilgit and Baltistan was the basic
reason of Ziauddin's murder. For the last some years,
the AKDN was preaching secularism and apostasy in
Gilgit and Baltistan under the cover of development
work. The Aga Khanis were in majority in Hunza only.
They wanted to capture Gilgit and Baltistan where
the majority of the population was Shia. To gain popularity
among the Shias, the AKDN offered them loans. Under
a conspiracy, the AKDN promoted the cultivation of
potatoes and provide defective seeds in this effect.
When the Shia farmers bought the defective potato
seeds on loan on the advice of AKDN, their yield reduced
to a significant extent and their financial condition
started deteriorating. Banks confiscated their land
and their land was purchased by AKDN at throwaway
Similarly, AKDN has set up some Basic Health Units
(BHUs). The purpose of these BHUs is to spread obscenity,
liberalism and apostasy. The US is behind the AKDN.
Ziauddin understood this move. He wanted the AKDN
to limit its activities to the Aga Khani community.
He struggled against secularism from the platform
of Ittehadul Muslimeen. In practice, he had waged
jihad against the AKDN and mobilized the community
in this effect. This was not acceptable to the Aga
Khanis as well as the US.
The US wanted to give Prince Karim Aga Khan a special
role in Kashmir. The plan was to give Kashmir to the
Prince's trusteeship. But there were a few big hurdles
in this plan - the Shia population and Ziauddin. The
US thought by serving the poor community, they could
be subjugated. Ziauddin did not let it happen. Thus
Ziauddin became a challenge for the US. That is why,
Ziauddin was removed from the scene.
have also fabricated a number of opinion polls against Ismaelis.
Thus the Daily Jasarat reported on December 19, 2004:
to a survey by the Islami Jamiat-e-Talba (IJT), 854,000
people have rejected the AKB. There were only 64,000
votes in AKB's support. IJT arranged a special referendum
to ascertain the popularity of AKB in Sindh. It set
up 140 camps and collected the public opinion. Around
9,18,855 people took part in the referendum - 93.02
per cent rejected the AKB. IJT has decided to run
a countrywide campaign against AKB. It will demand
that the government should take back its decision
of giving the educational system to AKB.
Students Front (USF) - a union of jihadi students
- has threatened to attack Parliament if AKF's involvement
in the education was not ended. The USF's president, Sahibzada
Babar Farooq Rahimi, has said that the students will not
hesitate to sacrifice their lives if the decision to hand
over the education board to AKF was not reversed.
It is useful to note that the Aga Khanis have nothing to
do with the curriculum or with the Ahmadia community. But
the jihadis have launched a massive propaganda war
to demonize them, and the result, in at least one case,
was that the AKDN's offices and its aid workers have been
attacked in Gilgit and NWFP in the recent past. Pakistan's
poorly educated people are so influenced by this propaganda
that they have come to view the Government's education reforms
as a conspiracy against Islam. The extremists' propaganda
has substantially succeeded in projecting the following
- The Ahmadis are a scourge
and the Ismaelis are their twin-brothers. They are infidels.
The US wants to bring them into the mainstream, which
is possible only through indoctrination. Therefore, General
Musharraf at the US' behest has 'pledged' the entire education
system to the Prince Karim Aga Khan who is an agent of
the 'evil powers' -the US, Israel and India.
- The above motive cannot
be achieved without restructuring the current educational
system, which protects the two-nation theory. Therefore,
the AKUEB will be reforming the curriculum under the cover
of conducting exams for the private schools.
- Pakistan in the years
to come will get away with the constitutional clause that
declares Ahmadis to be non-Muslims. As a first step in
this direction, the Ismaelis have coerced General Musharraf
not to restore the column of religion in the new passports.
have long considered America, India, Israel and Ahmadis
as the worst evils. Musharraf's education reforms have given
them a new entity to demonize: the Ismaelis, and there is
urgent need to counter their venomous propaganda. Unfortunately,
the Government's own orientation has compounded the problem.
Ali Tauqeer Sheikh, a civil society representative who heads
one of the largest networks for sustainable development
in Pakistan, LEAD (Leadership for Environment and Development),
is not a conspiracy. It will add quality to our declining
education standards. The jihadis and maulvis
have portrayed it as a conspiracy because the Government
has failed to involve the civil society in this initiative.
We still have to see the Terms of References (ToRs)
of the agreement that the Government of Pakistan has
signed with the AKUEB. This entire issue could be
cleansed of conspiracies and controversies once it
is opened for stakeholders' debate. The question is
not, why the Government has done so? We all support
this initiative. The question is how it would be done.
The civil society is still in darkness about this
Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts
in South Asia
data compiled from English language media sources.
personnel killed by Naxalites in Karnataka: Six police personnel
and a civilian were killed when suspected left-wing extremists
(also known as Naxalites)
of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) attacked a
Karnataka State Reserve Police camp at Venkammanahalli in the
Tumkur district of Karnataka on February 11, 2005. State police
chief, S N Borkar, said "It is definitely the handiwork of Naxalites."
The Naxalite attack comes a few days after their top leader, Saketh
Rajan alias Prem, was shot dead by police during an encounter
along with another associate in the Chikamagalur district on February
6. Police suspect that the incident was in retaliation to the
Chikamagalur operation. Indian
Express, February 12, 2005.
Senior National Conference leader shot dead in Srinagar:
A group of terrorists shot dead the elected member of National
Conference (NC) and would-be Mayor of Srinagar, Mohammad Maqbool
Shah Khaksaar, in the capital's Jawahar Nagar area on February
9, 2005. His assassination came a day after the killing of People's
Democratic Party's elected member and would-be chairman of the
Beerwah Municipal Committee in Budgam district, Ghulam Mohiuddin
Excelsior, February 10, 2005.
killed and 150 prisoners escape during Maoist attack in Kailali
district: At least five security force (SF) personnel were
killed and over 150 inmates at the District Prison near Triveni
Chowk in Kailali have escaped following clashes between Maoist
insurgents and SFs on February 8, 2005. Around
700-800 heavily armed insurgents are reported to have attacked
the District Police Office, Regional Police Office and the branch
of Nepal Rashtra Bank in Dhangadhi. Reports said a total of 168
inmates, including central leader of the Maoists, Tilak Sharma
alias Himal, regional leaders, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and Ram
Prasad Timilsena, were inside the prison during the time of clashes,
even as 17 inmates have reported back to the authorities after
the clashes. Later, bodies of two Maoists were recovered from
the incident site. Nepal
News, February 9, 2005.
Terrorists have blown up 26
power towers in Balochistan during the last 25 days: Terrorists
have blown up about 26 transmission towers in Balochistan province
during the last 25 days causing a loss of over Rupees 20 million
to the National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC). The
Chief Executive of NTDC, Mohammad Shabir, said at a press conference
in Lahore on February 11, 2005, that the company was anticipating
more bomb blasts and had arranged extra towers and other material
to cope up with any future emergency. Jang,
February 12, 2005.
Weapons worth Rupees 500 million came from Afghanistan, says
Balochistan Governor: The Balochistan Governor, Owais Ahmed
Ghani, said on February 8, 2005, that modern weapons were used
during the January 2005 attacks at the Sui gas plant and added
that weapons worth Rupees 500 million were brought from Afghanistan
for terrorism. In an interview to Geo TV, he said that the Sui
attack was not merely a reaction to the gang rape of a lady doctor
and added that more than 600 rockets and multi barrel rocket launchers
at Sui showed it was not a masses' protest. GEO
Pakistan News, February 9, 2005.
Baitullah Mehsud and 35 others get Government amnesty in South
Waziristan: Tribal militant leader, Baitullah Mehsud, signed
a peace deal with the Government in South Waziristan on February
7, 2005, as he laid down arms during a ceremony at Sararogha.
Associated Press reported that the ceremony was held in an open
field surrounded by Taliban
cadres shouting "Death to America" and "Allah-o-Akbar" (God is
great) as Baitullah, a 30-year-old 'commander', signed the agreement
along with 35 of his supporters. Baitullah claimed that the Taliban
did not want to fight Pakistan. "We understand fighting against
Pakistani security forces did not help the Taliban at all… Pakistan
has also realised that fighting tribal people is weakening its
ability. Pakistan's enemy are India, the Northern Alliance and
Russia," said Baitullah. Under the agreement, Baitullah cannot
shelter or support foreign terrorists, nor can he attack Government
installations. If Baitullah or his supporters violate the agreement,
the Government will take action against him, the report stipulated.
Times, February 8, 2005.
LTTE Eastern Political wing
leader Kaushalyan and five persons killed in Batticaloa: The
Eastern Political wing leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil
Kaushalyan, his deputy Nedimaran along with three other LTTE cadres
and Ariyanayagam Chandra Nehru, ex-Tamil National Alliance Member
of Parliament for the Amparai district, were killed during an
ambush at Poonani in the Batticaloa district on February 7, 2005.
Kaushalyan and his associates were reportedly returning after
inspecting a camp for victims displaced by the tsunami in the
area, when the ambush occurred. The Tamil National Force (TNF),
a para-military group under the joint command of the leader of
the breakaway LTTE faction, Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan alias
'Colonel Karuna, and the Eelam National Democratic Liberation
Front, on February 10 claimed responsibility for Kaushalyan's
Hindu, February 11, 2005; Daily
News, February 8, 2005.
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