assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Filling the Void
Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management
in India now extend to the farthest reaches of the
country, and this is not just a fantasy or an aspiration,
but a strategy, a projection, a plan and a programme
At a time
when the conflict profile in the North East (NE) is improving
gradually, with fatalities recording steep declines,
and the insurgent groups being progressively marginalised,
the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
has made determined moves to fill the void, raising grave
concerns within the security establishments. If recent reports
are any indicator, the Maoists, who have, for long, been
forging connections with the insurgents in this troubled
region, have now created strong presence, and are in the
process of further consolidating their base.
of Home Affairs (MHA) recently asked the Police and Security
Forces (SFs) across the NE to remain vigilant, as the entire
region, of late, has been facing a public upsurge on different
issues, and the Maoists are known to capitalize on mass
movements to establish their roots. The Maoists are known
to have specifically targeted victims of ethnic riots, floods
and erosion, besides alienated sections in tribal communities,
for recruitment and to expand their ‘ideological support
bases’. In one such development, largely peaceful Arunachal
Pradesh has emerged as a hot bed of Maoists activity, with
people in the Dibang Valley region of the State protesting
against the 3000 MW Dibang Multipurpose Project at New Anaya.
that the Eastern Region Bureau of the CPI-Maoist, under
Koteswara Rao alias Kishenji, national chief of the
People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) and CPI-Maoist
politburo member, has been entrusted with the task of establishing
a foothold in the NE. Trends indicate that the rebels are
engaged in a bid to set up a corridor through North Bengal,
particularly Siliguri, linking up their primary ‘Red Corridor’
strongholds with the Northeast, to access the predominant
route for weapons’ smuggling into the country. With the
Maoists regaining some of their lost footholds in the Jungalmahal
area of West Bengal after the elevation
of Mamta Banerjee to Chief Ministership in May 2011, it
has become easier for them to penetrate deeper into the
a February 20, 2011, report had indicated that the Maoists,
in addition to their arrangements with some insurgent formations
in the NE, had also taken a decision to set up their own
units in the region, particularly in Assam. Some ‘modules’
of the Maoist groups are already believed to have started
work. A media report citing an unidentified source noted,
There are specific
intelligence reports indicating that youths from
Assam are veering towards the Naxal philosophy.
We have been exchanging information with all intelligence
agencies and it seems that Maoists are trying to
establish their base in Assam.
of the President of the Assam Students’ Youth Organization
(ASYO), Aditya Bora; general secretary of Assam Chah Janajati
Suraksha Samiti (ACJSS), Tingrai Orang and another NE militant
at a Maoist camp in the Saranda Forest bordering Odisha
and Jharkhand, on February 12, 2011, had exposed the fact
that a Maoists Upper Assam Leading Committee (UALC) was
already active in Assam. The UALC, floated by the CPI-Maoist,
has received INR 300,000 in 2011 and INR 500,000 in 2010
from the Maoists towards “organisational expenses”.
media reports indicate that at least 18 Maoists have been
arrested in Assam’s Tinsukia and Sivsagar Districts just
during September-October 2011. An unnamed senior Police
officer in Tinsukia District stated, “What is worrying is
that most of these arrested persons are ethnic Assamese
youths. A few of them have received training in Jharkhand
and Manipur.” Earlier, on January 29, 2011, Police had arrested
six Brihat Nadibandh Pratirudh Mancha (Mega Dam Protest
Forum, BNPM) activists, including two women, from various
locations in Dhemaji District of Assam. All six admitted
to their Maoist links.
also indicate Maoists efforts to extend their base into
the Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhubri, Kamrup, Sonitpur and Darrang
Districts of Assam. According to the disclosures by Tarjan
Majhi, the Sonitpur District ‘commander’ of the Adivasi
People’s Army (APA), who was arrested along with five others
on November 3, 2010, at Bhairabguri under Dhekiajuli Police
Station of Sonitpur District, a United Liberation Front
of Asom (ULFA)
‘sergeant major’, Das, had provided arms training to APA
cadre in the Majbat area of the Udalguri District and helped
them establish contact with the Maoists.
are known to have forged links with ULFA, APA, Krishak Mukti
Sangram Samiti (KMSS), National Democratic Front of Bodoland
and All Adivasi National Liberation Army (AANLA)
in Assam. State Chief Minister (CM) Tarun Gogoi, on September
2, 2011, observed, “Maoists have infiltrated into the State.
ULFA is helping them to grow. Some youths from the State
took trainings in Maoist camps outside the State.” The CM
disclosed that Maoists had two ‘over ground’ or cover organizations
in Assam – ASYO and ACJSS. On February 24, 2011, Gogoi had
stressed that several organisations in Assam had links with
Maoist groups. He particularly mentioned two organisations
– KMSS and AANLA, and asserted, “I am speaking on the basis
of intelligence inputs and evidence. There are several organisations
which have links with Maoists. I don’t want to name all.
The KMSS and AANLA have links with the Maoists. Their members
have gone to take training.” Significantly, way back on
July 30, 2008, two ANLA cadres, Mikhail Bina and Raju Gaur,
were arrested at Golaghat. They had confessed that a large
number of the outfit’s cadres were being trained by the
Maoists in Jharkhand.
with ULFA have a long history, and were once again admitted
by CPI-Maoist leader Koteshwar Rao in a media interview
published in January 2010:
unconditionally support ULFA’s struggle for self-determination
in Assam. We only want them to stop attacking the
Indian proletariat. We will continue to engage with
ULFA on this issue… ULFA cannot ignore the revolutionary
struggle of Indians and our enormous goodwill for
their struggle… They have to trust us… I sincerely
want ULFA, the PLA and other such groups fighting
for separate homelands or for self-determination
to fight the exploitative Indian state alongside
has also declared its support to the CPI-Maoist. NDFB 'chairman'
D. R. Nabla, in a statement emailed to the media on November
16, 2009, noted, "I would like to greet and congratulate
the Maoists who are fighting for their legitimate rights
and also extend all help to them in their fight against
the ruling cliques". Notably, a June 21, 2011, report
stated that militants of the anti-talks faction of the National
Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB-ATF) had taken refuge
in the northern areas of West Bengal.
in Manipur the Maoists have already signed an agreement
with the People's Liberation Army (PLA).
The PLA signed three ‘joint resolutions’ with the CPI-Maoist
to carry on their respective ‘struggles’, in a two day long
meeting held at the ‘council headquarters’ of the PLA on
October 21-22, 2008. The ‘resolutions’ were signed by Alok,
‘political bureau member’ of the CPI-Maoist, and S. Gunen,
‘secretary general’ of the PLA. The two sides declared that,
"The so called Merger Agreement of Manipur with the
Dominion of India was indeed illegal and unconstitutional."
These links once again came to the fore during the month-long
Operation Monsoon in the Saranda Forest in the West
Singhbhum District of Jharkhand, which started on July 31,
2011. Deputy Inspector General of Police (Kolhan Range)
Naveen Kumar Singh disclosed, “We have recovered as many
as eight boxes of papers during the operation and verification
of some has confirmed the link between Maoists and RPF.
The Manipur organisation is training rebels in the jungles
of Jharkhand.” Inspector General (operations) R. K. Mallick
confirmed that the literature seized during the raids have
revealed that the Revolutionary People's Front (RPF), the
political wing of PLA, was supporting the training and technical
upgrade of Maoists in Saranda. “It is possible that the
guerrilla wing of PLA is imparting training, but the documents
name RPF,” he clarified.
also have close links with another Manipur-based outfit,
the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK).
Rajiv Kumar, chief of Kolkata Police's Special Task Force
(STF), stated, on December 5, 2010, "The Maoists are
also in contact with other organisations in Manipur, but
with PREPAK these links are not limited to ideological sympathies
but have reached a practical level. Maoists started procuring
arms and ammunition from PREPAK, which has agreed to send
its men to train the new recruits of the CPI-Maoist. Dense
forests in Orissa and Jharkhand have been selected for such
training camps.” An STF source added, further, “The Maoists
struck deals with PREPAK as they are short of arms and ammunition
after their suppliers were caught by police. The rebel group
has enough funds that they squeeze out of mining companies.”
These revelations were made following the arrest of the
Maoists’ Bengal chief, Sudip Chongdar alias Kanchan,
on December 3, 2010.
with the United National Liberation Front (UNLF),
the oldest Meitei insurgent group in Manipur, were exposed
much earlier. On November 24, 2009, the UNLF, at its 45th
‘raising day’ in Imphal, declared, "The UNLF believes
that there is a common interest in the fight against the
Indian state by the CPI-Maoist and the liberation struggles
of Manipur and the (Northeastern) region. The UNLF shall
actively pursue a policy of mutual help and support with
the Indian revolution through the CPI-Maoist." UNLF
‘chairman’, R. K. Meghen, during his interrogation, confessed
that the UNLF had links with the Maoists, but that he had
not met any Maoist leaders personally. Meghen, arrested
on December 1, 2010, however, revealed that one of his cadres,
‘Major’ Yoiheba, “had contacted Indian Maoist leaders through
front organisations in Nepal.” Earlier, in a June 18, 2010,
letter written to the head of another Manipur outfit Kanglei
Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
Meghen had said, “As part of a revolutionary struggle for
Kashmir and us (sic), it is necessary to help in
strengthening the Indian Maoist structure. This concept
seems to be very new to them. I sat with them many times.”
In the letter, he also wrote about a series of meetings
in 2009, where Kashmiri separatists and Maoists had assured
him of cooperation and support. On April 24, 2010, the KYKL,
in a statement, extended support to the CPI-Maoist and declared
that, if like-minded people of the Northeast were united,
they and the Maoists could extend support to one another.
have also established links with the National Socialist
Council of Nagaland- Isaac Muviah (NSCN-IM).
On May 9, 2010, then Union Home Secretary G.K. Pillai stated
that the Union Government was aware that the CPI-Maoist
had been in touch with NSCN-IM. He contended, further, that
IM leader Thuingaleng Muivah had confirmed, “a few years
ago, the CPI-Maoist had approached his outfit, apparently
to help them with arms”. The meeting had taken place at
the NSCN-IM’s camp in Hebron near Dimapur (on the Assam-Nagaland
border). Reports also indicated that IM leaders attended
a Maoist meeting in the Dandakaryana area in Chhattisgarh.
It is also suspected that NSCN-IM might be training Maoist
Arunachal Pradesh has emerged as the latest hotbed of Maoists
activity in the NE. On August 17, 2011, SFs arrested four
Maoists from the Mahadevpur area under the Namsai Circle
of the Lohit District in the State. A .32 pistol, nine rounds
of ammunition, two magazines and various documents were
recovered from their possession. Two writing pads with Maoist
and UALC letterheads were also recovered from them. Further,
a September 28, 2011, report noted that the Arunachal Pradesh
Police had found evidence of a Maoist presence in the State
after the arrest of nine youth from different parts of Lohit
District, in connection with a case of arms robbery. The
arrested youth, who hailed from Sadiya in neighbouring Assam,
confessed to be influenced by the Maoists. They claimed
they had been entrusted with the task of mobilising locals
against the construction of mega dams in the Dibang Valley.
Nang Sati Mein, member of the State Legislative Assembly
from Namsai in Lohit District, urged in the State Assembly
that her constituency be declared a ‘disturbed area’ in
view of the growing threat from the Maoists. She alleged
a Maoist hand in the September 21, 2011, killing of a contractor
in the Lohit District.
have made no secret of their objective of extending their
“people’s war throughout the country”, and plans to fill
up the emerging vacuum in the NE have long been afoot. These
efforts have gained greater momentum because of the Maoists
search for a reliable source of weaponry, with the NE rebel
groupings offering access to the smuggling routes through
Myanmar and Bangladesh, and a new flood of Chinese small
arms that appears to have been released into the region.
An unnamed intelligence source, cited in a September 4,
2011, report thus noted, “ULFA’s Paresh Barua faction recently
received a huge cache of arms from China and there were
serious apprehensions in the intelligence and security establishments
that the outfit may sell these weapons to the Maoist… as
ULFA has struck an alliance and has assured them of a steady
supply of arms and ammunition.”
If the transfer
of weapons actually takes place, it would have serious repercussion
on the fight against the Maoists elsewhere in the country.
an official source cited in one media report, stated, "ISI
and PLA are in touch and supplying Maoists with arms. They
are supposedly using China as the alternative route."
These revelations were made by two top PLA leaders – N.
Dilip Singh and Arun Kumar Singh Salam – who were arrested
in New Delhi on October 1, 2011. Reports indicate that PLA
is trying to forge a ‘Strong United Front’ along with CPI-Maoist
and Kashmiri militants, backed by Pakistan’s Inter Services
foray into the NE is fraught with grave security risks.
While insurgent violence by local groupings is on a clear
decline, bad governance, fractious tribal politics, and
a poor developmental profile combine with the rudderless
remnants of failing insurgencies, provide an ideologically
focused group like the Maoists an extraordinary opportunity
to harness the abiding grievances of the region to their
wider disruptive venture.
Agency: Operation Futility
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
operation’ was launched in Malikdinkhel area of Bara tehsil
(revenue unit) in the Khyber Agency of the Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA) on October 20, 2011, leaving 34 terrorists
and three paramilitary soldiers dead, as tanks moved in
to quell a surge of militancy.
operation’ was launched four days after Security Forces
(SFs) suffered nine fatalities in a Lashkar-e-Islam (LI)
attack on their convoy in the Akakhel area of Bara tehsil
on October 17, 2011. 14 terrorists were killed in retaliatory
fire by the SFs.
Agency, which borders Afghanistan to the east, the Orakzai
Agency to the south, Mohmand Agency to the North and Peshawar
District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province to the East,
has emerged in recent times as a centre of growing extremist
activities as a result of the infiltration of runaway
militants from the adjacent Agencies, where military operations
were ongoing. Operation Koh-i-Sufaid (White Mountain)
was conducted in Kurram Agency between May 2, 2011, and
August 17, 2011, while Operation Brekhna (Thunder)
has been in progress in the Mohmand Agency since April
6, 2011. The remote Tirah Valley in the Bara Sub-district
is important for the extremists because of its difficult
terrain, which makes SF operations complicated.
to the SATP data, a total of 1,812 fatalities, including
400 civilians, 152 SFs and 1,260 militants have been recorded
in the Khyber Agency since 2008 (data till October 30,
2011). The overall fatalities in FATA during this period
stand at 15,690 comprising of 2,663 civilians, 993 SFs
and 12,034 militants.
Fatalities in Khyber Agency: 2008-2011
SATP, *Data till October 30, 2011 .
to the October 17 attack, the most significant incidents
in the Khyber Agency in 2011 include:
18, 2011: Four Pashtun tribesmen and an FC solider were
killed when Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
terrorists attacked a check post manned by pro-Government
tribesman and SFs in the Akakhel area of Bara tehsil.
The tribesmen and SFs retaliated, killing 10 extremists.
23, 2011: 10 LI militants were killed when landmines planted
in a bunker by militants of the Tariq Afridi group of
TTP exploded in the Tirah Valley.
21, 2011: Six LI militants were killed in clashes with
TTP rivals in Dwa Thoe and Mehraban Kali areas of the
19, 2011: A TTP suicide bomber blew himself up during
Friday prayers at Jamia Masjid Madina in the Ghundai area
of Jamrud tehsil of the Khyber Agency, killing
at least 56 persons and injuring another 123.
17, 2011: At least 10 suspected TTP militants were killed
as two improvised explosive devices (IEDs) exploded in
Tarkhokas area of Bara tehsil.
11, 2011: Five persons, including three women and two
children, were killed and one minor was injured as a result
of a landmine explosion in the house of a lashkar
(tribal militia) ‘commander’ Shah Jee, in Zaka Khel village
in Tirah Valley.
4, 2011: Five militants and a passer-by were killed when
the cadres of LI and Ansar-ul-Islam (AI) clashed in a
market in Mehraban Kali area of Kukikhel.
2011: At least nine militants were killed and eight others
sustained injuries in clashes between the LI and AI in
Sandapal area in Tirah Valley.
Seven LI militants were killed and another two were injured
in aerial firing by the SFs in the remote Bazaar Zakha
Khel area near Khar Ghot in Landikotal town of Khyber
SFs killed seven LI militants in helicopter gunship shelling
in the Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency.
At least 14 paramilitary troops, among them two senior
officers, were killed in a militant ambush on their convoy
in the Akakhel area of Bara tehsil.
tryst with militancy began in 2003 when a Taliban-style
organization, Amar Bil Maroof Wa Nahianalmunkir (Promotion
of Virtue and Prevention of Vice), was set up by Amir
Haji Namdar Khan, a local from the area, who had just
returned from Saudi Arabia. The code banned and inflicted
dress codes, which included head coverings for women and
beards for men, through harsh reprisals, shocking many
residents who had previously enjoyed a relatively relaxed
religious lifestyle. Namdar established illegal FM radio
stations and used the Tirah Valley area for attacks into
Afghanistan, paving the way for other extremist forces
to enter into the area. Namdar Khan was killed in an August
12, 2008, missile attack. TTP leader Hakeemullah Mehsud
claimed responsibility for the attack.
militant Islamist terrorist groups currently operate in
the Khyber Agency - LI, AI and TTP. LI is the most active
among these, and is presently led by warlord Mangal Bagh.
It has loose ideological ties with the Afghan Taliban,
but operates independently. Malikdinkhel, Sipah, Akakhel
and Qambarkhel areas are regarded as strongholds of LI.
LI was founded by the Deobandi Sunni preacher Mufti Munir
Shakir, in a violent rivalry with his Barelvi adversary,
Pir Saif-ur-Rahman, who went on to create the AI in the
Bara Subdivision of the Khyber Agency, in 2004. Violent
clashes between the two groups resulted in a large number
of civilian casualties and inflicted tremendous suffering
on innocents. Eventually, tribal elders expelled both
Rehman and Shakir from the Khyber. AI is now led by Maulana
Gazi Mehboob ul-Haq. Tariq Afridi is the head of TTP’s
Khyber Agency chapter. There are several local militias
also present in the region.
clashes occur between these terrorist groups, each of
which seeks to dominate the region. Clashes are also reported
between the terrorists and armed militias that resist
the movement of these groups into the area. The August
23, 2011, incident which killed 10 LI militants illustrates
the pattern of turf wars in the region. The fatalities
occurred when landmines planted in a bunker by militants
of the Tariq Afridi group of TTP exploded. LI militants
had been laying siege to the bunker for a week, cutting
all supplies to more than a dozen TTP cadres holed up
at the hilltop. Sources indicated the LI militants entered
the bunker after receiving information that the TTP had
fled the area.
have faced the brunt of these clashes for supremacy. The
August 19, 2011 attack at the Jamia Masjid Madina that
killed 56 persons was one the worst incidents targeting
civilians. A TTP suicide bomber blew himself up during
Friday prayers at the mosque in the Ghundai area of Jamrud
tehsil of the Khyber Agency. The targeted mosque
was located in an area inhabited by Kukikhel tribesmen,
who are opposed to TTP activities, and had raised a lashkar
(armed militia) in June 2010 to force the extremists
out of the area. The Kukikhel tribe had earlier warned
TTP, asking the group to leave the area, and had also
set ablaze houses of a number of terrorist sympathisers.
the surge of violence in the Khyber Agency, SFs have launched
four operations in the past. On June 28, 2008, Operation
Sirat Mustaqeem (Righteous Path) was launched in
the Bara tehsil, following the abduction of 14
Christians from Academy Town in Peshawar by LI terrorists.
The operation was halted on July 9, 2008. A second operation,
codenamed Daraghlam (Here I Come), was launched
in December 2008, followed by Bia Daraghlam (Here
I Come Again) on September 1, 2009. The most recent, Operation
Khwakh Ba de Sham (I Will Teach You a Lesson),
was conducted on November 24, 2009, and had ended only
on June 1, 2011. Bara Bazaar, the Agency’s business hub,
has been under curfew since the beginning of the last
a near continuous succession of ‘operations’, the extremists
continue to thrive in the Khyber Agency – as in much of
the wider FATA – Khybe Pakhtunkhwa region. At best, past
operations have temporarily ‘squeezed out’ the extremists
into other neighbouring territories, but they quickly
recover the vacated spaces as soon as military operations
begin to falter. The operational capacities of the terrorist
groups, despite the significant fatalities inflicted on
them (these are unverified, and the Pakistan Army tends
to categorize virtually all persons killed by it as ‘terrorists’
or “miscreants’), appear to remain intact. The operations
also create panic among civilian populations, with at
least 18,000 people having already fled their homes in
the Agency in the wake of the fresh onslaught of fighting
between the Army and militants. Despite the bloodshed,
it remains likely that like all the preceding ‘operations’,
the present ‘targeted operation’ will end up in another
fiasco, with extremists moving into some other adjoining
area, only to return at a later stage. As long as the
establishment ambivalence to the wider enterprise of Islamist
extremism and terrorism in, and sourced from, Pakistan
persists, it is unlikely that any enduring gains will
result from the fitful and directionless bloodshed that
the Army engages in.
Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in
October 24-30, 2011
Jammu & Kashmir
data compiled from English language media sources.
is trying to bring back terrorism, says Prime Minister Sheikh
Hasina: Prime Minister (PM) Sheikh Hasina has alleged that
the opposition chief and former PM Khaleda Zia is trying to
bring back terrorism and militancy to the country, reports
bdnews24.com. She commented on October 23 at Berlin (Germany),
"Her true face has come out. Our opposition has asked us to
free war criminals". Daily
Star, October 25, 2011.
in West Bengal come to an end as Maoists call them "misleading
and senseless": The peace talks between the West Bengal
Government and the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
have come to an end with the Maoists calling them "misleading
and senseless". A letter from CPI-Maoist state secretary Akash
to Sujato Bhadra, the leader of the six-member team of interlocutors,
says the "peace talks" referred to by Mamata Banerjee Government
frequently did not make any sense. Indian
Express, October 29, 2011.
meet on ULFA's charter of Demand: A tripartite meet involving
the Union Government, the Assam Government and United Liberation
Front of Asom (ULFA) was held on October 25 to discuss the outfit's
charter of demands that it had submitted to the Government in
August. The ULFA team was led by its Chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa.
October 27, 2011.
and three civilians among 35 persons killed during the week
in FATA: Six militants were killed when United States (US)
drone fired six missiles at a vehicle near the Afghan border
in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan Agency in Federally
Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on October 30.
At least 13 Tehreek-e-Taliban
Pakistan (TTP) militants were killed in US drone attack in Mir
Ali area of South Waziristan Agency on October 28.
drone attacks within a span of one hour killed 11 militants,
including the brother of Mullah Nazir, in Waziristan Agencies
on October 27.
A volunteer of
a local peace committee and two cadres of Lashkar-e-Islam (LI)
were killed in exchange of fire in Meeran Talab area of Akkakhel
in Bara sub-division of Khyber Agency on October 26. Dawn;
October 25-31, 2011.
on Germans in Afghanistan, says report: Inter-Services Intelligence
(ISI) spied on German Security Forces in Afghanistan, raising
fears sensitive information could end up in the hands of the
Taliban. Without citing its sources, Bild am Sonntag
reported that Germany's foreign intelligence agency BND (Bundesnachrichtendienst)
warned its Interior Ministry that Pakistan had spied on 180
German Police officers deployed in Afghanistan to train locals.
The Interior Ministry told Reuters the BND suspected
a German email had been intercepted but could not give confirmation.
Times, October 31, 2011.
say ISI is helping them, claims BBC: Inter-Services
Intelligence (ISI) provides weapons and training to the Afghan
Taliban fighting US and British troops in Afghanistan, despite
official denials, a BBC documentary quotes some people
it claims to be Afghan Taliban 'commanders'. A number of middle-ranking
Afghan Taliban 'commanders', it said, revealed the extent of
alleged Pakistani support in interviews for the BBC two part
documentary series, 'Secret Pakistan'. Dawn,
October 27, 2011.
safe havens in Pakistan a big threat, says Pentagon: Insurgent
safe havens in Pakistan are now the biggest threat to NATO forces
in Afghanistan, the Pentagon said on October 28. Overall, enemy
attacks in Afghanistan in recent months were 5 percent lower
than the same period a year ago, the Pentagon said. Daily
Times, October 29, 2011.
groups oppose MFN status for India: Several banned militant
groups, including the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen
(HM), opposed Pakistan's move to grant Most Favoured Nation
(MFN) status to India. Leaders of the groups, including United
Jihad Council chairman Syed Salahuddin opposed the move. Hindustan
Times, October 28, 2011.
admits of not having capacity to take action against Haqqani,
says NATO official: The Pakistan Army told the Pentagon
that it does not have the capacity to take action against the
Haqqani network, US Lieutenant General Curtis Scaparrotti, Deputy
Commander of the NATO-led force in Afghanistan said on October
27. "The Pakistanis have said to me that they simply don't have
the capacity at this time to take on that insurgent network
at this point within their borders," Scaparrotti told Pentagon.
of India, October 28, 2011.
who convicted former Punjab Governor Salman Taseer's assassin
seeks refuge in Saudi Arabia: The Anti-terrorism Court (ATC)
Judge, Pervez Ali Shah, who awarded the death sentence to former
Governor Salman Taseer's self-confessed assassin, Malik Mumtaz
Qadri on October 1, 2011, has sought refuge in Saudi Arabia
with his family after receiving death threats from religious
extremists. In his verdict against Qadri, Shah had said, "No
one can be given the license to kill anyone in any condition
therefore, the killer cannot be pardoned as he has committed
a heinous crime." Indian
Express, October 27, 2011.
charges filed against President Mahinda Rajapaksa in Australia:
A Sri Lankan man, who had migrated to Australia, filed war crimes
charges against Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa in Perth
(Australia) city court in Melbourne. The complainant has been
identified as Jegan Waran, a retired engineer who migrated to
Australia from Sri Lanka. President Rajapaksa will be arriving
in Australia to participate in the Commonwealth Heads of Government
Meeting to be held at Perth. Indian
Express, October 25, 2011.
denies charges of ethnic cleansing in the North and East:
Ruling United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA) parliamentarian
Thilanga Sumathipala on October 25 said that there was no ethnic
cleansing in the country. Sumathipala made this statement in
response to the issues raised by the Tamil National Alliance
(TNA) about the problems in the North and East. Colombo
Page, October 25, 2011.
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