SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 21, November 28, 2011
assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Bengal: Body Blow
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute for Conflict
Fakir Mohan Pradhan
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
triumphalism in sections of the media after the first
news of the killing of Maoist Politburo member Mallojula
Koteswara Rao alias Kishanji in Burishole forest
in West Midnapore District, West Bengal, during an operation
on November 24, 2011, was quickly tempered by statements
from Security Forces’ (SF) leaders that this incident
was unlikely to alter the course of the Maoist movement
in the region and across wider theatres in the country.
It is, nevertheless, a tremendous achievement for counter-insurgency
(CI) Forces in the protracted war against what Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh has described as the “single biggest internal
security challenge ever faced by our country”. The killing
compounds the impact of a continuous succession of intelligence-based
operations that has progressively decimated the top Maoist
leadership over the past years in a silent war of attrition
that has far greater significance than the noisy shuffling
about of “massive and coordinated Forces” and the flashy
“clear, hold and develop” non-strategy that has been projected
as the principal state response in the recent past.
with Kishanji’s killing, the 2007 Politburo of the Communist
Party of India – Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
has been brought down from its original strength of 16
to just seven members operating in freedom. These are
General Secretary Mupalla Laxman Rao, alias Ganapathy
from Karimnagar; Nambala Keshav Rao from Srikakulam; Kattam
Sudarshan alias Birenderji from Adilabad; Mallojula
Venugopal (brother of Kishanji) from Karimnagar; Misir
Besra from Jharkhand; Prashant Bose alias Kishanda
from Jadavpur; and Malla Raji Reddy from Karimnagar. Of
the remaining Politburo members, Cherukuri Rajkumar aka
Azad was killed on July 2, 2010 and Kishanji on November
24, 2011; while Pramod Mishra was arrested on May 11,
2008 from Dhanbad; Akhilesh Yadav alias Jagdish
Yadav was arrested on June12, 2011 from Gaya; Amitabh
Bagchi was arrested on August 24, 2009 from Ranchi; Kobad
Ghandy was arrested on September 21, 2009 from Delhi;
Baccha Prasad Singh was arrested on February 9, 2010 from
Kanpur; Narayan Sanyal was arrested on January 2, 2006;
and Sushil Roy was arrested on May 21, 2005 from Hooghly.
significance is the fact that the 39 member Central Committee
(CC) of 2007 has now been reduced to just 21 members,
depleting the resources from which the national level
leadership can be drawn. This process has penetrated deep
into regional, state and district level leadership structures,
forcing the Maoists into a dramatic contraction of their
strategic overreach to “extend the people’s war throughout
the country”, and this is reflected in current Government
estimates that suggest that the 223 Districts variously
affected by Maoist activities in 2008 have now reduced
to just 180 such Districts. Maoist violence has also diminished
dramatically, as the rebels focus urgently on consolidation,
recruitment, training and a deepening of influence and
infrastructure in their areas of dominance, instead of
spreading themselves thin across territories where the
‘revolutionary situation’ is relatively inhospitable,
or wasting themselves in unproductive operations against
state Forces. Maoist-related fatalities in 2011, according
to South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) data, have dropped
to 563 (till November 27), against their peak of 1,180
in 2010, and 997 in 2009. Crucially, the pre-election
‘deal’ with Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool
Congress had virtually ended violence in West Bengal –
the State that registered the highest number of fatalities
in 2010, at 425 – bringing total fatalities there down
to just 49 in 2011.
significant CI successes have been secured in sustained,
cross-State intelligence-led operations, specifically
targeting leadership figures, not in blind area domination
exercises. Indeed, despite the suspension of operations
in West Bengal immediately after Banerjee assumed power,
it is clear that SFs continued to intensively and aggressively
gather intelligence on Kishenji in full knowledge that
the ‘ceasefire’ with the Maoists would, eventually, prove
untenable. Senior Police officials attributed this operational
success entirely on human intelligence, with Andhra Pradesh
intelligence – which has been responsible for a overwhelming
proportion of operational successes against the Maoist
leadership across the country – claiming that the troops
in the Burishole Forest were acting on “a tip-off from
within”, and that Kishanji had been “set-up”. The Maoists’
West Bengal State Committee member, Akash is reported
to have conceded that Kishanji was aware of infiltration
of the Maoist ranks by the intelligence agencies, and
had begun to neutralize suspects, but his responses were
too little, too late.
had been on the run almost continuously since March 29,
2010, when he escaped narrowly after being wounded in
a gun battle with SFs in the Lakhanpur Forest in the West
Midnapore District of West Bengal, and, despite his high
profile projections of the preceding year, had become
inaccessible to the media and public since this date.
Intelligence agencies and the SFs had, however, stuck
close to his heels since, with at least two close escapes
in the intervening months, culminating in the fatal encounter
on November 24. Indeed, it was the groundwork during the
months of ‘ceasefire’ that allowed the SFs to register
this quick hit within ten days of the announcement, on
November 14, of resumption of anti-Maoist operations in
the Jungalmahal area. A Joint Force of some 1,000 troopers
drawn from the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
(CoBRA), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and State
Police, launched a massive operation on November 22, after
getting specific information that Kishanji was in that
area along with his trusted aide Suchitra Mahato, the
widow of the West Bengal State Committee member Sashadhar
Mahato. Suchitra Mahato is believed to have been injured,
but escaped, even as the Forces continue to seek out the
survivors of the November 24 encounter.
of SF operations against the Maoists in West Bengal was
forced by the November 4, 2011, killing of Jitu Singh
Sardar, a local Trinamool Congress (TMC) leader in Balarampur
area of Purulia District, by the Maoists. A month earlier,
the victim had formed the Jangalmahal Unnayan Birodhi
Pratirodh Committee (Protest Committee against anti-development
in Jungalmahal), an anti-Maoist forum and vigilante group,
in the Ghatbera area of the District. Again, on November
14, 2011, Maoist cadres killed Ajit Singh Sardar and his
son Baku in the same area. The victims were, respectively,
the father and brother of Rajen Sardar, who had recently
left the Adivasi Moolvasi People's Committee, a Maoist
front organisation, and joined the TMC. Earlier, the Maoists
had killed another two local TMC leaders and the Jharkhand
Janamukti Morcha President, who was perceived as close
to the TMC.
hours of the November 14 killings in Balarampur, Chief
Minister Banerjee ordered resumption of Security operations
against the Maoists. A day later, a Maoist letter calling
off the ceasefire reached media. The letter, signed by
Maoist State secretary Akash, was dated October 31, 2011,
and was addressed to human rights activist Sujato Bhadra
and other members of the six-member interlocutor team
set up by the State Government, and declared, "The
ceasefire period has ended as neither you nor the State
Government kept any of your promises." The SFs secured
their first significant success the very next day, when
they ambushed the retreating squad responsible for the
November 14 incident and managed to kill two Maoists.
Two SF personnel were also injured in the incident and
one of them succumbed to his injuries on November 19.
Banerjee’s u-turn on the Maoists was simply a matter of
time, and “the suspension of anti-Maoist operations by
the Security Forces (SFs) under an undeclared ‘cease-fire’
is now just waiting to be ‘officially’ declared as withdrawn.”
Ironically, the Chief Minister has virtually reconstituted
the old team that she had contemptuously disbanded just
months ago, to fight the Maoists in Jungalmahal. West
Midnapore Superintendent of Police (SP) Manoj Verma had
been removed from his post and, to deepen his humiliation,
was kept ‘in waiting’, without a new posting. On November
11, 2011, he was appointed as SP Counter Insurgency Force
(CIF). Further, the Government has written to the Election
Commission seeking its permission to transfer S.N. Gupta,
Special Inspector General (IG), Presidency Range, as IG,
CIF, before the elections to the Calcutta South Lok Sabha
constituency on November 30. Police sources indicate that
an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer would be posted
at each ‘sensitive’ Police Station in Jungalmahal to oversee
CI operations. Land has also been allocated for permanent
bases of Central Forces in Jungalmahal. The State has
also requested the recall of CoBRA commandos who had been
redeployed to Jharkhand after anti-Maoist operations were
stalled in West Bengal, and has sought additional force
from the Centre.
measures, the intensity of operations in West Bengal,
and likely in the contiguous States as well, will rise
in the immediate future. The Maoists, in the past, also
demonstrated fair strength to absorb the shock of falling
leaders – losses that are normal and expected in any revolutionary
movement. A process of adaptation has been visible. Earlier,
for instance, the CPI-Maoist ordered six of its CC members
to stay away from a top-level meeting that was convened
on the borders of Odisha and Jharkhand in February. The
Maoist leadership suspected that these six were under
intense surveillance from intelligence agencies, and that
their attending the meeting could jeopardize the security
of the other CC members. Among the six leaders ordered
not to attend were Akkiraju Haragopal alias Ramakrishna,
Varanasi Subrahmanyam, Pulendu Sekhar Mukherji, Misir
Besra, Malla Raji Reddy and another unidentified person.
Incidentally, Varanasi Subrahmanyam, Pulendu Sekhar Mukherji
and Vijay Kumar Arya, all CC members, were arrested in
Bihar on April 29. There were also reports that SFs had
recently almost surrounded a forested area in Odisha,
where Akkiraju Haragopal, was believed to be camping,
though Hargopal succeeded in evading arrest.
their cumulative losses, and the shock of Kishanji’s loss,
the Maoists can be expected to strike back soon enough,
and there will be a parallel escalation of their operations,
particularly against SFs and TMC cadres in West Bengal,
but also across a much wider theatre. The CC has already
called for a ‘protest week’ commencing Tuesday, November
29, and a two-day Bharat Bandh (all-India shutdown) on
December 4 and 5, 2011, to protest Kishanji’s killing.
Past trends suggest that these protests will be marked
by significant acts of violence as well. The People’s
Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) week, celebrated each
year between December 2 and 8, may also witness efforts
to orchestrate acts of dramatic violence.
will see inevitable operational reverses for the SFs as
well, even as successes may well be registered. Some of
these reverses could be dramatic and severely demoralizing.
Any ambivalence on the part of the State at this stage,
any dilution of the operational focus or of the political
will, would only plunge West Bengal deeper into another
bloodbath. It remains to be seen whether Chief Minister
Banerjee has the vision and the will to see the present
confrontation through to its logical end, or whether she
relapses into the uncertainty and paralysis that has come
to grip other political leaders confronted with the challenge
of a sustained Maoist onslaught.
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
13, 2011, Security Forces (SFs) arrested nine Hill Tiger
Force (HTF) militants, including its ‘commander-in-chief’
Benjamin Jaolin Zaute, ‘finance secretary’ Alex Thiek,
from the deep jungles at the Hmar village of Arda under
Harangajao Police Station in Dima Hasao District (formerly
the North Cachar Hills District) of Central Assam. 15
gelatine sticks, seven single barrel guns, two pistols
and two grenades were recovered from the militants.
has now ‘elected’ N. Gamlien Hmar as its ‘commander-in-chief’
and Nicky as ‘finance secretary’.
investigations exposed the outfit’s plans to attack Government
properties and abduct senior officials on a large scale
in the Dima Hasao District. During interrogation, the
arrested militants told the SFs that the group planned
to attack Railway and Telecom projects and the East-West
transport corridor in the District, and to expand its
activities to its bordering areas. They further said that
five senior cadres, after completing training in neighbouring
Manipur, were training recruits to plant Improvised Explosive
Device (IEDs) on railway tracks and ambush convoys.
to Zaute’s disclosures, the HTF, a militant outfit of
the non-Dimasa hill tribes in Dima Hasao District, was
formed following the ethnic clashes among the Dimasas
and the Zeme Nagas in the NC Hills District in 2009. Significantly,
these clashes between Dimasas and Zeme Nagas in what was
then the North Cachar (NC) Hills District had claimed
at least 70 lives. More than 37 persons had sustained
injuries, while 614 houses were set ablaze in the clashes,
which began on March 19, 2009. The violence continued
till July that year. Zeme Council President S. Zeme, on
July 31, 2009, stated, "We have told the Union Home
Secretary that the move by the Dimasas to change of nomenclature
of NC Hills District and the subsequent opposition by
us and other communities was the main cause of the unrest."
Subsequently, on September 9, 2009, the Government of
Assam constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) Committee
under D.P. Goala to look into the renaming of the NC Hills
District and to make appropriate recommendations. The
GoM Committee submitted its recommendations on February
5, 2010, giving approval, in principal, to the change
however, suggest that HTF was formed in 2010, following
the renaming, on April 1, 2010, of the NC Hills District
as Dima Hasao District. The State Government took this
decision to pacify the Black Widows (BW)
group, which had put forward this particular demand, arguing
that the new name would counter the Naga claim over the
hill District. Large areas of NC Hills fall into the projected
Greater Nagaland map that Naga militants seek to realize.
The renaming of the District was followed by protest by
various non-Dimasa tribes, who feared that the step would
lead to ‘Dimasa hegemony’, and that non-Dimasas would
be denied of jobs and other basic facilities. The primary
demand of HTF, consequently, was the bifurcation of the
North Cachar Hills into two separate Autonomous Districts.
led by its ‘chairman’ Kapchy Naga. Other prominent leaders
include ‘commander-in-chief’ Benjamin Jaolin Zaute, ‘Publicity
Secretary’ Lunneh Kuki, and’ ‘finance secretary’ Alex
Thiek. With an estimated cadre strength of 150 the outfit
is based at Hempeupet in the Dima Hasao District. An unnamed
Police official asserted, further, “We think the outfit
has cadres hailing from neighbouring Nagaland and Manipur.”
Youth from the Hmar, Kuki and Naga communities have also
joined the outfit to ‘protect’ their respective tribes,
as well as the District, from the Dimasas.
has been involved in two recorded incidents of killing:
16, 2011: Suspected HTF militants killed a civilian, identified
as Thaisiring Daolagupu, and injured another three, in
an attack at Gaijen village under the Haflong Police Station
in the Dima Hasao District.
13, 2011: HTF militants killed James Dimasa alias
Pronit Haflongbar, leader of the James faction of the
Dima Halim Daogah (DHD-J), at Topodisa in Dima Hasao District.
Dimasa, former ‘home secretary’ of BW, had formed DHD-J
after breaking away from BW in 2009, and later surrendered
in the same year.
been involved in another seven recorded incidents of violence.
Significantly, the outfit has carried out three attacks
targeting the state infrastructure. On November 3, 2011,
the HTF exploded a bomb on a railway bridge near Dittockchera
Railway Station. On, October 26, 2011, tracks near the
Mahur Railway Station suffered minor damage in a crude
bomb blast. And on October 5, 2011, HTF militants fired
at a goods train, injuring the driver, at Tularambasti
between Lower Haflong and Mahur. The militants also set
ablaze the train’s engine. Meanwhile, on October 14, 2011,
HTF militants set ablaze eight huts in the Dimasa village
of Chota Langren, located 10 kilometers from Haflong.
another two attacks have been thwarted by the SFs. On
November 8, 2011, SFs recovered and defused three IEDs
planted by HTF cadres on railway tracks between the Mahur
and Paiding Stations. On October 19, 2011, SFs recovered
a hand grenade, left behind by HTF militants, from a fuel
station in Haflong town.
Hasao District is a sparsely populated area extending
across 4,890 square kilometers, with a population listed
at 213,529. It has extensive unguarded borders with the
insurgency-affected States of Manipur and Nagaland, making
HTF operations easier. The thin spread of SFs in the area
has further emboldened the HTF. Indeed, Northeastern Frontier
Railway Workers Union organizing secretary Bhajan Dey,
on October 11, 2011, commented that SF contingents withdrawn
during the last Assembly Election [April 4 & 11, 2011]
from the Dima Hasao areas, had not been redeployed, and
this had led to a rise in militant activities in the area.
He claimed that extremists were perpetrating terror among
railway employees and workers by demanding extortion money
and threatening their lives.
is linked to the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah
in Nagaland. On October 20, 2011, Vinod Kumar, the Deputy
Inspector General (DIG) of Police (Southern Range), disclosed
that confessional statements of persons arrested following
the arson and killing (between October 13-16, 2011) indicated
that cadres of the NSCN-IM came to Dima Hasao District
on the eve of the clashes and instigated the non-Dimasa
people and cadres of the HTF. He further asserted that
the NSCN-IM helped in the formation of HTF and provided
its cadres both weapons and training.
have also found evidence suggesting links of some activists
of the Indigenous Students’ Forum (ISF), the student wing
of the Indigenous People’s Forum (IPF)/ NC Hills Indigenous
People’s Forum (NCHIPF), with the HTF. Indeed, the IPF/
NCHIPF, an organisation of non-Dimasa tribesmen, along
with the Zeme Council [apex body of Zeme Naga tribe in
Assam] jointly opposed the renaming of the NC Hills District
and demanded the bifurcation of NC Hills. IPF has, since
then, been spearheading a movement for the bifurcation
of the District, leading to several bandhs (general
strikes/ shut-downs). IPF/NCHIPF general secretary Ngaidam
Puruolte has declared that, in any new compromise settlement
on the nomenclature issue, the Haflong subdivision, where
the bulk of non-Dimasa tribals are concentrated, will
continue to be known as NC Hills District, while the Maibong
subdivision, the granary of the District in the northeastern
flank and a bastion of the Dimasa population, would be
named Dima Hasao District.
arrested ‘commander-in-chief’ Benjamin Jaolin Zaute, during
interrogation, claimed that HTF had no links with NSCN,
and had no firearms in its possession. Further, he asserted
that HTF had no links with IPF and ISF.
of top leaders of HTF is bound to impact adversely impact
on the group’s operational capacities. The District Police
is already scouting out some 50 to 60 ‘boys’, mostly hailing
from areas like Mahur, Nadi Basti, Laichung and other
backward places of the District, who have been engaged
by the HTF over the past months. An unnamed senior Police
official stated, “These boys are in the age group of 14
to 20. They are mostly unemployed and school dropouts.
Some have even planted crude bombs on railway tracks,
while others have delivered demand notes (for extortion).”
HTF reportedly pays these youth on assignment basis.
on the path to normalcy, neutralizing emerging threats,
such as Karbi Peoples Liberation Tigers [KPLT]
earlier, and now the HTF, will have far reaching impact
in dealing with residual militancy, and will go a long
way in containing the trend of mushrooming terror groups
in the entire northeast.
Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in
November 21-27, 2011
data compiled from English language media sources.
leaders with militant links will be singled out, says
Government: State Minister for Religious Affairs Md
Shahjahan Miah said on November 23 that the Government
had taken an initiative to find out imams (leaders
of Islamic worship services in Mosques) and muajjins
(the mosque official leading the call to prayer) who have
'connection' with militant organisations and Jamaat-e-Islami
Bangladesh (the parent political party of the Islami Chhatra
Shibir). The minister said the Government would find out
such persons at different mosques in the country. Daily
Star, November 25, 2011.
Politburo member Mallojula Koteswara Rao killed in West
Bengal: The Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
Politburo member Mallojula Koteswara Rao alias
Kishanji, the man who controlled Maoist operations in
eastern India, was cornered and killed in a massive security
operation after a two-hour gun battle in Burishole forest
in Jhargram on the West Bengal-Jharkhand border in West
Midnapore District. The recovery of Kishanji's AK-47 rifle
and a hearing aid, the CPI-Maoist politburo member is
known to have been using, lent heft to the claim that
the yet unclaimed body was that of Kishanji. Times
of India, November 25, 2011.
civilians killed in Police firing in Jammu and Kashmir
in 2010, says Union Minister of State for Home Jitendra
Singh: Ninety-one civilians were killed and 494 others
injured in Police firing in Jammu and Kashmir in 2010,
the Rajya Sabha (upper house of Parliament) was informed.
"As per National Crime Record Bureau data, 91 civilians
got killed and 494 civilian got injured in police firing
during 2010 in Jammu and Kashmir," Minister of State for
Home Jitendra Singh informed Rajya Sabha in a written
News, November 24, 2011.
continues to support militant outfits, reiterates Union
Minister of State for Home Jitendra Singh: The Union
Government said that Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)
continued to support various terrorist outfits to spread
violence in India. "As per available intelligence inputs,
Pakistan-based terrorist outfits, particularly Lashkar-e-Taiba,
Jaish-e- Mohammed, Hijbul Mujahideen etc., continue to
receive support from ISI," Union Minister of State for
Home Jitendra Singh informed Lok Sabha (Lower House of
Parliament) in a written reply.
Times of India,
November 23, 2011.
militants have camps in Myanmar, says Central Government:
The Central Government has formally confirmed that several
militant outfits of Northeast, including United Liberation
front of Asom (ULFA), National Democratic Front of Bodoland
(NDFB), both factions of Nationalist Socialist Council
of Nagaland (NSCN) have camps in Sagaing Region, and States
of Chin and Kachin in Myanmar.
November 23, 2011.
Mizoram a Maoist-PLA hub, says NIA: The most peaceful
state in the Northeast, Mizoram, was allegedly used as
a meeting point by Maoists and leaders of the Manipur-based
militant outfit People's Liberation Army (PLA). The National
Investigation Agency (NIA), which is probing the PLA's
anti-national activities, discovered that a meeting was
held between the outfit's leaders and Maoists at Champhai
in Mizoram on July 15, 2010.
November 27, 2011.
Districts of Madhya Pradesh affected by Maoism: State
Home Minister Uma Shankar Gupta informed the State legislative
assembly that the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
has its presence in eight Districts of Madhya Pradesh
as of now. The minister informed that in 2003 only three
Districts - Balaghat, Mandla, Dindori - were Maoist affected.
The next year the Maoists spread to Sidhi District when
they committed a murder. "Apart from these districts,
Maoists activities are now being witnessed in Singrauli,
Shahdol, Umaria and Anupur Districts", he pointed out.
of India, November 22, 2011.
zone shrinking, says Government statistics:The Communist
Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) have been forced to
back out from 41 Districts over the last three years and
have a presence in just about 182 Districts, Union Home
Ministry statistics put out in the Lok Sabha (lower house
of Parliament). The statistics put out by Minister of
State for Home, Jitendra Singh, in the Lok Sabha indicated
the change in trend.
November 24, 2011.
Coleman Headley was a double-agent, alleges US media report:
A new investigative report published by Pro Publica,
a Washington-based investigative journalism website, claimed
that David Coleman Headley, the Pakistani-American operative
of the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and one of the key conspirator
in the Mumbai terror attack case (November 26, 2008, also
known as 26/11) was in fact a double agent simultaneously
under the employment of the US and the Inter Services
Times of India,
November 24, 2011.
armed outfit SJTMM agrees to handover its weapons to Government:
Samyukta Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (SJTMM), an armed
outfit active in Terai, agreed to hand over its weapons
to the Government. The group agreed to handover the weapons
by December 24. Nepal
News, November 25, 2011.
militants and 36 SFs among 173 persons killed during the
week in FATA: At least 12 terrorists were killed and
15 injured in an ongoing operation launched by Security
Forces (SFs) in Kundital area of Orakzai Agency in Federally
Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on November 27. One soldier
was also killed in the attack.
25 soldiers were killed in a cross border attack by NATO
on a check post in Salala village in Baizai tehsil
(revenue unit) of Mohmand Agency in FATA on November 26.
terrorist strongholds in Kurram Agency at the midnight
of November 25, killing 35 and injuring 15 others. Four
soldiers were also killed in the firefight, which lasted
several hours. In addition, SFs killed 16 militants in
Dabori and Khadezai areas of upper tehsil in Orakzai
Agency. Also, six militants were killed when an explosive
device went off in their vehicle near Gundital village.
between SFs and militants occurred in Kurram and Orakzai
Agencies of FATA on November 23 killing at least 45 militants
in ground action and air strikes.
by gunship helicopters pounded militants' hideouts on
November 21, killing 11 Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
militants and injuring 25 others in central tehsil
(revenue unit) of Kurram Agency in FATA. Also, gunship
choppers targeted militants' positions near the Afghan
border in the upper Orakzai Agency and killed 10 militants
and destroyed five hideouts. Dawn;
November 21-27, 2011.
declares ceasefire to the extent of Mehsud-dominated areas
of South Waziristan Agency: An unnamed 'commander'
of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) said that his organisation
has declared a ceasefire to the extent of Mehsud-dominated
areas of South Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA) to build confidence with the Government
for holding peace talks. A close aide to Hakimullah Mehsud,
the 'chief' of the banned organisation, told that the
TTP had ceased all combat activities in October and had
not been attacking Security Forces in Mehsud-dominated
area of South Waziristan, 'following talks with the Government'.
November 23, 2011.
Taliban supreme commander Mullah Muhammad Omar is pushing
TTP to reconcile with Government, says an unnamed Taliban
associate: The Afghan Taliban supreme commander Mullah
Muhammad Omar is pushing Pakistani militants [Tehreek-e-Taliban
Pakistan (TTP)] based in the tribal areas to strike a
peace deal with the Government and has advised the chief
of the Haqqani network to mediate between them, The
Express Tribune quoting an unnamed Taliban associate
reported on November 26. "We have received a message from
Ameerul-Momineen that there should be an end to our activities
inside Pakistan …he wants us to make peace with the government
and focus on Afghanistan against infidels," a Taliban
TTP is holding exploratory peace talks with the Government,
an unnamed senior TTP commander and an unnamed tribal
mediator told Reuters on November 21. The talks are focused
on the South Waziristan region and could be expanded to
try to reach a comprehensive deal. Tribune,
November 26, 2011.
approves PSC to find a political solution to ethnic issue:
Parliament passed a motion to set up a parliamentary select
committee (PSC) to formulate a political solution to the
country's ethnic issue. The Parliament announced that
a motion to appoint a PSC to recommend and report on political
and constitutional measures to empower the people of Sri
Lanka to live as one nation was passed by the House. Colombo
Page, November 24, 2011.
will submit the LLRC report to Parliament in December:
President Mahinda Rajapaksa will submit the report of
the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC)
to the Parliament in December 2011, President's Media
Director General, Bandula Jayasekera told the local media.
The Commission, appointed by the President to probe the
three-decade long armed conflict with the Liberation Tigers
of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), had handed over its 400-page report
to the President on November 20. Colombo
Page, November 23, 2011.
needs no external solutions for post conflict reconciliation,
says Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa: Defence
and Urban Development Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa on
November 23 said that Sri Lanka as a sovereign nation
did not need external guidance to achieve post conflict
reconciliation. He said such would be achieved through
an organic, local effort consistent with national values,
and not based on external ideals imposed by others. Daily
News, November 23, 2011.
Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that
brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on
terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on
counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on
related economic, political, and social issues, in the South
SAIR is a project
of the Institute
for Conflict Management
Asia Terrorism Portal.