SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 28, January 16, 2012
assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Deepak Kumar Nayak
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
persons – 10 Policemen and an eight years old boy – were
killed when Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
cadres triggered a landmine blast, targeting the convoy
of Member of Parliament (MP) Inder Singh Namdhari, at
Ladu More in the Latehar District of Jharkhand on December
3, 2011. The incident occurred just hours before the two-day
Bharat bandh (all India shut down strike) called
by the Maoists on December 4-5, to protest the killing
of Mallojula Koteswara Rao alias Kishanji in West
Bengal on November 24, 2011. Though Namdhari escaped unhurt,
the Maoists decamped with 10 weapons, 2,000 rounds of
ammunition and one wireless set.
Jharkhand witnessed the highest level of retaliatory violence
in the wake of Kishanji’s killing among Maoist-affected
States, both during the Jharkhand bandh of November
28 and Bharat bandh of December 4-5. In these
three days, in addition to the attack on Namdhari, Maoists
blew up two (mobile) telecom towers, one Block Development
Office, one school building, railway tracks at two places
and one tractor carrying rations for troops, across the
State. They also attacked two Police Stations, which were,
however, successfully defended, with no loss of life.
Further, the transportation of minerals was heavily affected.
violence in other affected States during the same period
included: the abduction of two persons and setting ablaze
of three vehicles in Andhra Pradesh; the killing of a
sarpanch (head of panchayat, village level
local-self Government institution), an encounter between
the Police and Maoists, and the burning of a cell phone
tower and a three-wheeler in Bihar; the burning down of
five gram panchayat offices in Maharashtra; and
the destruction of three cell phone towers, a truck and
a school building in Odisha; no retaliatory violence was
reported from Chhattisgarh and West Bengal on these days.
came to an end, Jharkhand earned the dubious distinction
of recording the highest civilian fatalities among all
Maoist-affected States, with 79 civilian, 30 Security
Force (SF), and 48 Left-Wing Extremists (LWE) killed,
as against 71 civilian, 27 SF and 49 LWE fatalities in
2010. As total fatalities rose to 157 in 2011 against
147 in 2010, Jharkhand was one of just two States – the
other being Maharashtra – which bucked the overall trend
of declining Maoist violence across India in 2011.
in LWE/ CPI-Maoist Violence in Jharkhand: 2005 - 2012
SATP, *Data till
January 15, 2012
incidents of killing were reported from 16 Districts in
the State – Latehar (44), Gumla (23), Khunti (21), Lohardaga,
Palamu and West Singhbhum (11 each), Chatra (eight), Hazaribagh
(six), Bokaro and Ranchi (five each), Saraikela-Kharsawan
(four), East Singhbhum (three), Giridih (two), Dumka,
Pakur, and Simdega (one each) – out of a total of 24 Districts
in the State. In 2010 fatalities had been recorded in
18 Districts – West Singhbhum (29), Gumla (23), East Singhbhum
(16), Latehar (13), Khunti (11), Simdega (10), Palamu
(eight), Giridih (seven), Chatra and Ranchi (six) each,
Garwah (five), Bokaro and Saraikela-Kharsawan (three)
each, Dumka and Godda (two) each, Hazaribagh, Jamtara
and Ramgarh (one) each.
to SATP data, Jharkhand also recorded 14 incidents
of ‘swarming attacks’ (involving more than 50 cadres and
militia) in 2011, as against five in 2010. 22 incidents
of explosions [landmines and Improvised Explosive Device
(IED)] occurred in 2011, as against 20 in 2010. 22 incidents
of arson were reported in 2011, as against 15 in 2010.
Further, 21 incidents of abduction were reported in 2011
as against 18 in 2010. Maoist’s attacks on economic assets
rose from 23 in 2010, to 34 in 2011.
recorded 14 major
incidents (resulting in three or more
fatalities) in 2011, as against seven in 2010. In a notable
civilian killing, though not a major incident, the Maoists
killed a nun, Sister Valsa John, in Pakur District, on
November 15, 2011. Around 45 people, including 30 Maoists,
were present at the time of the nun's murder. Sister Valsa
John was working for the development of tribals in the
area, and had earlier led a campaign against Panem Coal
Mines Ltd., ensuring a fair compensation package for tribals.
She was killed during her campaign to ensure the arrest
of a rape accused. Police later arrested seven persons,
including Ranjan Marandi, a person with known Maoist links.
2012, Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram was reported
to have written to Jharkhand Chief Minister (CM) Arjun
Munda, expressing concern over the increased Maoist activity
in the State. On January 14, 2012, however, CM Munda dismissed
these concerns, claiming that the number of Naxal (Left
Wing Extremist)-related incidents had actually declined,
and that his Government was doing its best to curb the
by SATP of Maoist violence, as well as of overground and
underground activities, through 2011, indicates that 16
Districts in the State – Bokaro, Chatra, Dumka, East Singhbhum,
Giridih, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Khunti, Latehar, Lohardaga,
Pakur, Palamu, Ranchi, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Simdega and
West Singhbhum – remain in the ‘highly affected’ category.
Another four Districts – Garhwa, Ramgarh, Dhanbad, and
Jamtara – fall in the ‘moderately affected’ range. Pakur
which was not among the 20 affected Districts in 2010,
joined the 2011 list, while Godda dropped off. Garhwa,
Jamtara and Ramgarh moved from ‘highly affected’ to the
‘moderately affected’ category. Lohardaga moved from the
‘moderately affected’ to the ‘highly affected’ category
disturbing phenomenon was the fratricidal wars between
various LWE groups in the State. These groups included
the Swatantra Jan Sangharsh India Morcha (SJSIM), Sangharsh
Janmukti Morcha (SJMM), Jharkhand Sangharsh Janmukti Morcha
(JSJM), People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI), Tritiya
Prastuti Committee (TPC), Jharkhand Prastuti Committee
(JPC) and Jharkhand Janmukti Parishad (JJP), in addition
to the CPI-Maoist. A 50-member splinter group broke away
from the CPI-Maoist, to form the Jharkhand Jan Mukti Parishad
(JJMP) on February 4, 2011. Police sources disclosed that
the new outfit had organised an arms training camp for
its members in the jungles bordering Latehar and Lohardaga
reports indicate that the Maoists in Jharkhand have provided
cadres with training in manufacturing as well as handling
of rocket launchers, mortars and grenades. At least 19
Maoists were provided such training under the guidance
of seven experts, led by Prakash alias Gaganna
from Andhra Pradesh (AP). During the training, they allegedly
manufactured 110 rocket-launchers, 120 mortars and 200
grenades, which are now in their possession. The necessary
raw-materials had been procured from Indore and Bhopal
in Madhya Pradesh. Maoists had been providing such training
since 2006, for which mobile-camps were established at
various locations, including Saranda, Baliwa, Tirilposhi
and Saryu in Jharkhand. Over the past five years, the
Jharkhand Police has also received intelligence on these
activities, and arrested at least one Maoist cadre, Nalla
Bhikshapathi, in Chaibasa on October 9, 2010, in this
on June 26, 2011, also disclosed details of opium cultivation
in the State under the patronage of Maoists. The Organized
Crime Cell of Jharkhand Police has made efforts to dismantle
the opium cultivation in different Districts. Based on
satellite imagery provided by the Narcotics Control
Bureau (NCB), the Jharkhand Police launched a crackdown
and destroyed opium cultivation on about 208 acres in
the State. The NCB teams also carried out raids in Latehar,
Hazaribagh, Chatra, Khunti, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Palamu, Ranchi
and Lohardaga Districts, and destroyed opium plantations,
NCB Joint Director (Bihar/Jharkhand), P.K. Ghosh, stated
on June 26, 2011.
face of increasing Maoist activity, the State Police have
taken some steps to increase the pressure on the Maoists.
Monsoon’– the month long anti-Maoist
campaign executed in the Saranda Forest by joint Forces
from Jharkhand, Odisha and the Central Reserve Police
Force (CRPF), between August 1 and August 31, resulted
in the arrest of 33 Maoists, and the recovery of 179 landmines,
three pistols, and some ammunition, in addition to INR
433,000 in cash. Documents seized during the operation
confirmed that the Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF),
the political wing of the Manipur-based People’s Liberation
Army (PLA), was supporting the training and technical
upgrade programme of the Maoists in the Saranda Forest.
With the claimed establishment of ‘civil administration’
in the area, the Saranda Forest operation is being projected
as a test case of the ‘clear, hold and develop’ strategy.
Three battalions of Central Paramilitary Forces (CPMFs)
have been stationed in Saranda, and another two battalions
are to join them in February 2012. A ‘Saranda
Action Plan’ for development has been
drafted and is being implemented in the area.
‘Operation Monsoon’, the Police also launched ‘Operation
Hills’ in the Ganeshur and Saryu forest areas in Latehar
District. Police recovered a ‘large number’ of ‘cane bombs’,
connected with codex wire (34), semi-prepared pressure
cane bomb, quantities of codex wire, cartridges and detonators.
‘Operation Thunder' in Garhwa District by Jharkhand and
Chhattisgarh Security Forces (SF’s) was executed over
October 16-18, 2011. A four-day ‘Operation Up Hills’ in
Lohardaga and Gumla Districts was launched between September
13 - 16, 2011. Further, following the killing of Kishanji
in West Bengal, more than 500 Police and CRPF personnel,
along with the District Police, launched an anti-Maoist
operation from November 25, with the aim of flushing out
rebels hiding in Gomia, Jhumra, Nawadih, Parasnath, Madhuban
and Vishnugarh areas of the State. Each of these campaigns
met with, at best, limited success.
did manage to inflict some losses on the LWE leadership
in the State, including the killing of one ‘Zonal Commander’,
four ‘sub-zonal commanders’ and three ‘area commanders’.
In addition, nine ‘Zonal Commanders’, six ‘sub-zonal Commanders’
and three ‘area commanders’ were arrested; and another
‘Zonal Commander’ and one ‘sub-zonal commander’ surrendered
in 2011. DGP Rath, however, lamented that, had the West
Bengal Government not wavered in its anti-Maoist operations,
the number and quality of arrests in Jharkhand could have
been better. However, as Maoists took refuge in West Bengal
during the ‘ceasefire’ period, the Jharkhand operations
met with lesser success. In total, the SFs in Jharkhand
arrested 248 LWE cadres in 2011, as against 189 in 2010,
while 15 LWEs surrendered in the State, as against 18
in the previous year.
to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, Jharkhand
has raised its Police-Population ratio to 151, as on December
31, 2010, as against an all-India average of 133. On April
17, Chief Minister Arjun Munda stated, "to tackle
the Maoist menace, the manpower in all the 118 Police
Stations of the Naxalite-affected areas has been doubled."
He added, further, that 13,000 additional personnel had
been appointed in the Police Stations. Nevertheless, Rath
asserted, on January 3, 2012, that the Jharkhand Police
continued to face an acute manpower shortage, and roughly
16,000 additional personnel, from constable to Indian
Police Service (IPS) officers, were still required. He
promised to see that all vacancies were filled up and
personnel were properly trained by end of the current
year. The vacancies include 35 IPS officers, 4,000 Assistant
Sub-inspectors, 2,000 Sub-inspectors and Deputy Superintendents
of Police and about 10,000 constables. The DGP conceded
that they were yet to raise the sixth battalion of Indian
Reserve Battalion (IRB): “We have so far raised five IRB
battalions, three of them are functional. One of the remaining
two has completed training, while the fifth will end its
classes at the Police Training College in Hazaribagh by
the end of this month.” Further, the Special Task Force
(STF) of Jharkhand Police, the ‘Jharkhand Jaguars’ (JJ),
had a sanctioned strength of 40 Assault Groups (AGs),
so far, only 22 AGs were functional. As on April 18, 2011,
the CRPF had 13 battalions and two units of Commando Battalion
for Resolute Action (CoBRA) in the State.
SF efforts to contain the Maoists in Jharkhand, the rebels
appear to have held, and even extended, their influence
in the State.
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
18 Shias were killed and 30 others wounded when a bomb
exploded near a procession marking the Arbain or
the Chehlum (40th day of Hazrat Imam
Hussain's martyrdom), in Khanpur city of Rahim Yar Khan
District on January 15, 2012. However, no militant outfit
has so far claimed responsibility for the attack.
according to South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP)
data, a total of 137 persons, including 110 civilians,
19 Security Force (SF) personnel and eight militants were
killed, in total 20 separate incidents in 2011, as compared
to 316 persons killed in 2010, and 422 killed in 2009,
reflecting a significant attenuation in fatalities. While
the Province registered a 56.64 per cent decline in overall
fatalities in 2011, the possibility of escalation of violence
cannot be ruled out as a result of the considerable and
increasing presence of religious zealots, actively pursuing
their mission of radicalizing the population on religious
lines and recruiting them into armed “Allah’s squads”.
Partial data compiled by SATP recorded three suicide attacks
in Punjab, which claimed a total of 63 lives, in 2011.
2010 had witnessed six such incidents, with 264 people
killed. In addition to the suicide attacks were at least
13 bomb blasts in the Province, which claimed 94 lives
and left 281 injured. In 2010, the number of bomb blasts
stood at 20 with 275 fatalities.
registered eight major incidents (each involving three
or more fatalities) in 2011, as compared to 12 such incidents
in 2010. Prominent among the major incidents in 2011 were:
3: At least 41 persons were killed and more than were
100 injured, when two suicide bombers blew themselves
up outside the shrine of Sufi saint Ahmed Sultan, popularly
known as Sakhi Sarwar, in Dera Ghazi Khan District.
8: At least 32 people were killed and were 125 injured
in a car bomb explosion at a gas station in Faisalabad
District, adjacent to an office of the Inter Service Intelligence
25: A suicide bomber struck at the Ghora Chowk in the
Urdu Bazaar area of Lahore District, killing at least
10 people, including a woman and three Policemen, and
injuring at least another 85.
structure of religious fundamentalist formations, with
their anti-India and anti-West agendas, and the circulation
of anti-minorities and sectarian hate literature, remained
a commonplace in Punjab through 2011. ‘Public gatherings’
led by religious ideologues in Punjab have become the
major source of potential militant recruits. Extremist
organizations recruit cadre, including potential suicide
cadre, at such rallies. In one significant incident, on
November 29, 2011, the Jama’at-ud-Dawa (JuD), on a false
pretext of a ‘science exhibition’, mobilized young students,
aged between 10-15 years, from the Jhumra Sandal Islamic
School in Faisalabad District, and the Tameer-i-Seerat
Model School Sharaqpur in Sheikhupura District, for
a rally at Lahore, where JuD leaders vowed to convert
Pakistan into a ‘Taliban State’ and to train young people
to wage jihad (holy war) against America and India.
Addressing the rally at the Press Club, JuD leader Maulana
Ameer Hamza declared that the Army Chief General Ashfaq
Pervez Kayani should know that he had the full support
of JuD, which would turn its followers into skilled fighters.
One student from Sandal Islamic School gave a copy
of the form, titled ‘Field Trip Permission’, duly ‘signed’
by his mother, to a correspondent of the Express Tribune.
The form read:
Parent or Guardian, Your child is going on a field
trip. Please read the information at the top of
this form, then sign and return the permission slip
at the bottom of this form. The students are being
taken to a science exhibition at Al-Mizan School
in Faisalabad District.
with the assassination
of the Governor of Punjab, Salman Taseer in Islamabad
on January 4, 2011, by his own bodyguard Malik Mumtaz
Qadri, a member of the Punjab Elite Force. Qadri had shared
his intentions with other members of the security detail,
but the latter failed both, to prevent him from carrying
out the assassination or to react during the incident.
Qadri was reportedly incensed by the Governor’s denunciation
of the controversial blasphemy law and his advocacy for
Aasia Bibi, the Christian woman sentenced to death on
November 7, 2010, for alleged blasphemy. Currently, Aasia
Bibi’s husband, Aashiq Masih, who is guilty of no crime,
is on the run with his five children, while Bibi remains
on a death row, with her mercy petition pending with President
Asif Ali Zardari. Islamic clerics, meanwhile, have offered
a bounty of about USD 8,000 to anyone who would kill her.
When Qadri was taken to court on January 5, 2011, lawyers
showered him with rose petals, and there has been significant
expression of support for the assassin from a number of
religious leaders and groups. A gathering of at least
a thousand people at Data Darbar in Lahore expressed support
for Qadri on January 4, 2012, and called for his release.
Supporters of various religious parties that form the
Tahaffuz Namoos-i-Rasalat Mahaz (TNSM)
also staged protests at the Lahore Press Club at Minar-e-Pakistan.
Participants in the rally, mostly Barelvi Muslims, held
up portraits of Qadri and chanted slogans in his honor.
A resolution was adopted at the end of the rally asking
President Asif Ali Zardari to declare clemency for Mumtaz
Qadri and punishment for Asia Bibi.
1, 2011, however, a Special Anti-terrorist Court pronounced
a death sentence against Qadri. The magistrate, Pervez
Ali Shah, who pronounced the sentence fled the country
under extremist threat on October 24, 2011. On August
26, 2011, Taseer’s son, Shahbaz Taseer, was abducted from
Lahore District and his whereabouts remain unknown. Analysts
suggest that the abduction is intended to serve as a bargaining
chip against Qadri’s execution.
the dust could settle on Taseer’s assassination, Federal
Minister for Minorities Affairs, Shahbaz Bhatti, was killed
in broad daylight in Islamabad on March 2, 2011, for his
open opposition to the country’s controversial blasphemy
laws. Pamphlets from two self-styled Tehreek-e-Taliban
factions, Fidayeen-e-Muhammad and al Qaeda Punjab Chapter,
were found from the incident site. The pamphlets declared,
"Anyone who criticizes the blasphemy law has no right
to live". Bhatti had earlier disclosed that he had
received threats from the TTP and al Qaeda, but would
not stop "speaking for the oppressed and marginalized
Christians and other minorities".
to official reports 131 people have been arrested across
Punjab on blasphemy charges. 11 of them have been sentenced
to death. 35 people, including Taseer and Bhatti, have
been killed between 1990 and 2011, for either ‘committing’
blasphemy or defending those charged with blasphemy. Taseer’s
and Bhatti’s assassinations are only a dramatic instance
of the fanatical violence that has come to afflict Punjab.
Worse, the ever-feuding Deobandi and Barelvi sects appear
to have joined forces in the Province, further amplifying
the threat to minorities and sects regarded as ‘deviant’
by these Sunni formations. Religious hardliners based
in Punjab also appear to have moved towards greater radicalization,
and have strengthened their mutual ties. In a January
12, 2012, US Embassy report, it was revealed that the
US had given financial aid to the Sunni Ittehada Council
(SIC), a Pakistani Barelvi Muslim religious group formed
in 2009, which had initially organized anti-TTP rallies.
The SIC received USD 36,607 from Washington in 2009. The
SIC subsequently demonstrated support for Mumtaz Qadri,
the assassin of Punjab Governor Salman Taseer. The SIC’s
turnaround highlights Washington’s difficulties in identifying
partners to support religious moderation in Pakistan.
3, 2011, Pakistan People's Party (PPP) Member of Parliament
(MP) Sherry Rehman dropped her proposed amendment to the
blasphemy law, accusing her party of pressuring her in
order to appease the militants. She made her decision
after the Government ruled out changing the law. Protesting
her party’s decision, Rehman declared, "Appeasement
of extremism is a policy that will have its blow-back."
Regrettably, on March 11, 2011, Interior Minister Rehman
Malik said, “If someone insulted Prophet Muhammad, I,
too, would shoot him.” However, he subsequently claimed,
“I was misinterpreted in that particular statement. I
said the ‘bullet of law’ should be utilized for such actions.”
has also faced the brunt of extreme violence in Punjab.
The brutal murder
of Asia Times Online Pakistan Bureau Chief, Syed
Saleem Shahzad, on June 1, 2011, in the Mandi Bahauddin
District brought the media’s plight sharply into focus.
Shahzad was widely suspected to have been abducted, tortured
and killed by the ISI after exposing linkages between
Islamist terrorist formations and serving Navy officers
and personnel. A Commission of Inquiry has, however, now
declared that there was no evidence of an ISI role in
Shahzad’s killing, though it has failed to shed any further
light on the identity of his assassins. The Human Rights
Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), on January 9, 2012, voiced
concern over reports of a number of journalists facing
threats, and asked the authorities to ensure that such
threats end. A statement issued in Lahore District by
HRCP said, “A Government committed to media freedom must
neither remain a spectator in the circumstances nor wait
to be implored into action.”
these developments, the JuD chief Hafiz Saeed, during
a rally in Lahore District on January 1, 2012 boasted
that Pakistan was ‘unmatched’ in the freedom it allows
for the pursuit of jihad and for the spread of
Islam, and that this was a ‘great blessing from Allah’.
Non-Muslims, he claimed, were conspiring against Pakistan,
both internally and externally, and could only be defeated
by “acting upon the methodology of the state of Medina.”
United States (US) allies, India and Israel, he said,
feared Pakistan because “they know very well” that when
Muslims are ready to sacrifice themselves for their cause,
no power in the world could stand in their way. US, India
and Israel had “evil and sinister” designs all over the
world, “But all those traps and nets are breaking down
as a result of the sacrifices of Muslims.
to JuD, several militant outfits with headquarters in
Punjab work in close collaboration with TTP and al Qaeda.
These include prominent sectarian and terrorist groupings,
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP),
Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM) and Harkat-ul Jihad-ul-Islami (HuJI).
Adding to this extremist landscape is the anti-Ahmadi
formation, the All Pakistan Students Khatm-e-Nubuwat
(End of Prophethood) Federation, with its lethal pamphleteering
and hate propaganda.
rapid radicalization, the Pakistan Government imposed
bans on radical formations in Punjab, but, these bans
have been far from effective. Banned Deobandi anti-Shia
outfits like the SSP and the LeJ have a stronghold in
the southern part of the province. On occasion, these
groups have sought to circumvent these bans by operating
openly under a new banner. For instance, the banned SSP
resurfaced as Ahl-e- Sunnah wal Jamaah (ASWJ), while LeT
continues to work openly under the banner of JuD and Falah-e-Insaniyat
legal action against terrorists has been far from effective.
On July 14, 2011, the Supreme Court ordered the release
of Malik Ishaq – the former operational chief of LeJ,
who was involved in 44 cases involving the killing of
at least 70 people, mostly belonging to the Shia sect
– on bail from Lahore’s Kot Lakhpat prison because of
insufficient evidence produced by the prosecution. According
to an internal document, prepared by the Law Enforcement
Department, titled, ‘Highly objectionable activities
of Malik Ishaq’, Malik resumed his subversive activities
soon after his release, preaching hatred and violence
in the name of Islam. The “independent” judiciary is haunted
by the constant fear of retaliatory action by the militants.
A US report in August 2011 noted that most terror suspects
in Pakistan escaped conviction due to ineffective laws
and prosecution. A report prepared by the Punjab Government,
noting that at least 65 extremists were released in 2011,
stated that most of the released extremists were back
to their old ways, engaging in sectarian violence and
terrorist activities again.
has evidently failed to devise a unified strategy against
the mounting intimidation and violence of terrorist groups
in Punjab, and no alternative voice can, today, find expression
in the Province. The terrorists in Punjab have demonstrated,
in the past year, that no high office is beyond the sweep
of their lethal reprisals, and even the smallest voices
of dissent against their extremist creed will be stifled
with exemplary brutality.
Weekly Fatalities: Major
Conflicts in South Asia
data compiled from English language media sources.
ex-chief Ghulam Azam sent to jail by ICT for War Crime
charges: Forty years after liberation, former Jamaat-e-Islami
(JeI) Chief Ghulam Azam was sent to jail by the International
Crimes Tribunal (ICT) on January 11, on charges of committing
crimes against humanity and peace, genocide and war crimes
in 1971. ICT rejecting his petition for bail, ordered
sending Azam to Dhaka Central Jail. Daily
Star, January 12, 2012.
LeT terrorists sneaks into Bihar from across the porous
Indo-Nepal border, says intelligence report: Red alert
was sounded in Kishanganj District on January 10 after
intelligence reports suggested that eight Lashkar-e-Toiba
(LeT) terrorists had sneaked in there from across the
porous Indo-Nepal border. Railway stations along the Bihar-Nepal
border have been put on alert after intelligence reports
that a group of terrorists have sneaked into the State
and could pose a threat to railway facilities in the area.
News, January 11, 2012.
seek help from NE outfit to avenge Kishanji's death:
Intelligence agencies have reportedly received inputs
that the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
has sought the help of Assam based insurgent group, Kamtapur
Liberation Organisation (KLO), indicating a retaliation
of an "unprecedented scale" to avenge the killing of its
politburo member Mallojula Koteswara Rao alias Kishanji
in West Bengal on November 24, 2011. A senior Police official
said they have received inputs that "something big" would
happen anytime, anywhere.
January 10, 2012.
busts FICNs racket in a nationwide ongoing raid: The
National Investigation Agency (NIA) has claimed to have
busted a major Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICNs) racket
and arrested 14 persons - including leaders of the gang
operating out of Malda in West Bengal - during a nationwide
swoop. The accused were found to have direct links with
their coordinators in Pakistan where these notes were
Times of India,
January 11, 2012.
percent rise in FICNs circulation, says Finance Ministry
report: A report compiled by the Financial Intelligence
Unit (FIU) under the Finance Ministry states that there
has been a 400 percent increase in Fake Indian Currency
Notes (FICNs) transactions in Indian's financial channels.
The states that during 2010-11 financial year (till March
2011), the agency detected "4, 23,539 incidents of fake
Indian currency notes with a value of over Rs 35 crore".
There were 1, 27,781 incidents during the 2009-2010 fiscal.
of India, January 16, 2012.
pumped FICN worth INR 16 billion into the country in 2011:
Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in 2011 pumped Fake
Indian Currency Note (FICN) worth INR 16 billion into
the country in an effort to fund its terror activities
and destabilise the Indian monetary system. Sources said
an ISI officer, Aslam Chaudhary, was understood to be
the main person within the ISI, handling the printing
of FICN. Hindustan
Times, January 14, 2012.
declares ceasefire with both Central and Assam Government:
United Kukigram Defense Army (UKDA), a Kuki militant group
based in Karbi Anglong District, on January 8 declared
unilateral ceasefire with the Central and State Government.
Meanwhile, Shambhu Singh, Joint Secretary (North East)
of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), told that the MHA
has already taken a decision that a major crackdown should
be launched to check the menace of extortion. Nagland
Tribune, January 10, 2012.
insurgent groups to surrender in Assam: Chief Minister
Tarun Gogoi said that nine insurgent groups on ceasefire
agreements with the Government would surrender before
the Republic Day (January 26). These groups consist of
Adivasi Cobra Militants of Assam (ACMA), Birsa Commando
Force (BCF), Adivasi National Liberation Army (AANLA),
Kuki Liberation Army (KLA), Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA),
United Kuki Democratic Army (UKDA), Hmar Peoples Convention
(HPC), Santhal Tiger Force (STF) and Adivasi Commando
Force (ACF). Assan
Express, January 13, 2012.
approves formation of NCTC: Formation of a National
Counter- Terrorism Centre (NCTC), a single window organisation
that will gather and disseminate intelligence to central
and state security organisations, finally got the Government's
nod on January 12 two years after it made the announcement.
The clearance was given by the Cabinet Committee on Security
of India, January 13, 2012.
on disputed issues as top leaders skip CC meeting:
A meeting of the Constitutional Committee on January 12
could not arrive at any decision on the subjects finalised
by the sub-committee as top leaders of major parties,
who are members of the sub-committee, remained absent
in the debate. Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist
(UCPN-M) chairman, Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda, who
heads the dispute resolution sub-committee, did not show
up in the meeting while Communist Party of Nepal-Unified
Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) chairman, Jhala Nath Khanal
left the meeting early. Nepal
News, January 13, 2012.
and 38 militants among 92 persons killed during the week
in FATA: At least 15 militants were killed and several
others got injured while there terrorist hideouts were
destroyed in an air attack by Security Forces (SFs) in
different areas of Orakzai Agency in Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA) on January 12.
11 militants were killed and six others got injured when
jet fighters pounded their hideouts in Jabba, Toor Semath,
Akhunkot, and Mir Qalamkhel localities in Mamozai tehsil
(revenue unit) of Orakzai Agency on January 11.
bomb planted in a pick-up van exploded at a petrol station
in Jamrud bazaar in Khyber Agency, killing 35 persons,
four of them Khasadar personnel, and injuring 78 others
on January 10. In addition, after a lull of about 55 days,
the United States (US) resumed its drone operation by
killing four suspected militants in the out skirts of
Miranshah in the North Waziristan Agency.
bodies of 10 Frontier Constabulary (FCB) paramilitary
troops were recovered from Dabori town of Orakzai Agency
on January 9. Dawn;
January 9-15, 2012.
monthly magazine Hiteen published and circulated
in Pakistan, reveal media reports: Al Qaeda continues
to preach jihad (holy war) in Pakistan through
an Urdu monthly magazine, Hiteen. The 200-page
magazine, Hiteen, is delivered by post to not only
the Deobandis but also to Ahl-e-Hadith and Barelvis to
convert them to al Qaeda's point of view. Hiteen was started
in June 2011, a month after Osama Bin Laden's killing
on May 1-2, 2011. The magazine has stories which preach
jihad and praise Bin Laden. Indian
Express, January 11, 2012.
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry expresses concern over the
worsening law and order situation in Balochistan:
Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry,
expressing concern over the worsening law and order situation
in Balochistan, on January 9 observed that the number
of missing persons in the province was increasing day
by day. He said that uncertainty prevailed in the province
as bullet-riddled bodies were found every day. Daily
Times, January 10, 2012.
Saleem Shahzad's killers could not be traced, reveals
investigating commission report: Federal Minister
for Information and Broadcasting Firdaus Ashiq Awan said
on January 12 that according to the report of commission
investigating the murder of journalist Saleem Shahzad,
his killers could not be traced. He, however, added that
the Police and Law Enforcement Agencies have been directed
to continue investigating the case. Daily
January 13, 2012.
warns of "serious ramifications" and "consequences" for
the country: The Army on January 11 warned of "serious
ramifications" and "consequences" for the country over
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani's allegations that the
Army Chief General General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani and the
Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) Director General (DG)
Lieutenant-General Ahmad Shuja Pasha "unconstitutionally"
submitted their response in the memo scandal to the Supreme
Court. "There can be no allegation more serious than what
the honourable prime minister has leveled against COAS
[Chief of Army Staff] and DG ISI and has unfortunately
charged the officers for violation of the constitution;"
an statement said. Gilani had earlier termed the affidavits
submitted by Army Chief and ISI to the court "unconstitutional
and illegal". Daily
Times, January 12, 2012.
to beef up security to prevent revival of LTTE in the
country: Sri Lanka plans to strengthen security in
the country to prevent any resurrection of the Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Defense Secretary Gotabhaya
Rajapaksa said on January 10. Denying accusations, leveled
against the Government by some groups that the country
is being militarized, Rajapaksa said the Security Forces
are being strengthened in order to establish lasting peace
and harmony in the country. Colombo
Page, January 11, 2012.
LTTE cadres to be released on January 22: Around 74
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) cadres who have
been rehabilitated on court orders, are to be released
shortly on a decision by the Rehabilitation Department.
According to Rehabilitation Commissioner General Major
General Chandana Rajaguru this group will be released
on January 22 at a ceremony in Batticaloa.
January 10, 2012.
Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that
brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on
terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on
counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on
related economic, political, and social issues, in the South
SAIR is a project
of the Institute
for Conflict Management
Asia Terrorism Portal.