SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 8, No. 41, April 19, 2010
assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management
violence in Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) threatens
to go on the boil again, as apprehensions that the increased
infiltrations in 2009 translates into a spike in violence.
Defence Minister A. K. Antony warned, on January 13,
"The incidents in the first week of January in the Valley
are indicative of the shape of things to come."
context of an escalating threat, both of infiltration
and of terrorist cadres at a ready to cross the Line
of Control (LoC) from Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK),
one of the biggest counter insurgency (CI) operations,
codenamed Operation Khoj [Search], has been launched
in the State. Between March 27 and April 2, 2010, a
group of 16 Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT)
militants and six soldiers were killed, as almost 1,000
troops spread out across an area of just over 50 square
kilometres in the Rajouri District. The operation was
launched following information that a large group of
LeT militants, all equipped with maps, weapons and ammunition,
had infiltrated along the Pallanwalla sector near Jammu
in the night of March 22. The militants had then split
into smaller groups of four to six, possibly to launch
a major attack. Superintendent of Police (Reasi District)
Anand Jain disclosed that the militants were probably
trying to sneak into Reasi, bordering Sadda, as 31 of
them had been killed in the District since June 2009.
The entire group was, however, eliminated in four different
surgical strikes in Triyath and Kandi areas of Rajouri
about the scale of the operation, General Officer Commanding
(GOC) of the CI Uniform Force, Major General M. M. S.
Rai asserted, "No doubt it was the biggest by the sheer
size of it, and the number of people involved on ground.
We wanted to quickly eliminate, search and destroy and
that is why we lost our own men too."
Security Forces (SFs) claimed that Operation
Khoj was, in fact, the second largest CI operation
in the State after Operation Sarpa Vinash [Snake
Destroyer] that was executed in the State in 2003 in
the remote Hill Kaka region near Surankote town in Poonch
District. "Operation Sarp Vinash, which was conducted
in an area of approximately 150 square kilometres between
April and June [year 2003] after comprehensive planning,
led to the elimination of 65 terrorists and smashing
of 119 hideouts," an unnamed senior Army officer
had then told the Media.
the fragility of the security scenario in the State
can be gauged from the fact that as many as 65 infiltration
attempts, 126 militancy-related incidents, 18 civilian
and 18 SF casualties and 45 encounters, which left 53
terrorists dead, have been recorded just between January
1 and March 30, 2010. During the corresponding period
of 2009, 95 violent incidents, eight civilian killings,
18 SF killings, 41 encounters and 47 militant fatalities
were recorded. According to the South Asia Terrorism
Portal database, 116 persons – including 80 militants,
24 SFs and 12 civilians – were killed in 2010 [Data
till April 18] in just 10 major
incidents. Astonishingly, for the
first time in Kashmir, Rail services were disrupted
after an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) ripped through
the only railway track connecting north Kashmir’s Baramulla
District to South Kashmir’s Qazigund area on April 2.
Though there was no loss of life, the railway track
was damaged. The Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HM)
is said to have claimed responsibility for the attack.
major development, according to the latest official
data of the State Home Ministry, terrorists have now
resorted to the use of IEDs and grenade attacks to avoid
direct conflict with SFs. The report indicated that
the terrorists had triggered 11,876 explosions, which
claimed 1,754 lives, while 15,589 others were injured,
over the last two decades in Jammu and Kashmir. There
has, however, been a decline in grenade attacks over
the past two years, with 79 attacks in 2009, as against
170 in 2008.
also indicate that the terrorists continue with their
campaigns of "agitational
terrorism ". In once such incident,
"the people" clashed with the Police in the
Sopore and Baramulla townships on April 13 during a
protest march against the drowning of a youth, who fell
into a river while fleeing from SFs. Locals took to
the streets and shouted slogans in support of their
demand for action against the Policemen responsible
for "forcing" Zuber-ul-Hassan Bhat (20) to
jump into the river on April 12.
to the numerous stone throwing incidents, Chief Minister
Omar Abdullah told the Legislative Council, on March
2, that his Government would not allow some "700
youth" to disrupt the peace, adding, "They
want a volcano to spread, but we will not allow that."
Subsequently, on March 10, Director General of Police
(DGP) Kuldeep Khoda observed, "This (stone pelting)
helps militants to move from one place to another. This
leaves less chance of ultras [militants] getting detected.
Return of peace and developmental activities were also
have, nevertheless, been some gains for the SFs. DGP
Kuldeep Khoda disclosed, on March 10, 2010, that 39
militants, 30 of them ‘categorised’ (on the State Police’s
Lists), have been killed in just over two months of
2010. Khoda added that of these 19 terrorists were killed
in the Jammu region and 20 in the Kashmir Valley. In
2009, the number of terrorists killed over the same
period was just 18. [The militants are categorised by
the Police during prior operations in different parts
of the State, and not after their killing.]
on March 8, the J&K Police claimed that two terrorist
outfits, the Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HuJI)
and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM),
had been rooted out of the Jammu region. In another
major source of relief to the SFs, according to State
Home Ministry data, as many as 820 incidents of group
clashes had taken place between various terrorist outfits
in turf wars over the past 20 years of militancy, with
577 militants and 173 civilians killed in these incidents.
102 terrorists and 398 civilians were injured in these
incidents. Group clashes between foreign militants and
locals were also witnessed during this period. Ashok
Gupta, Inspector General of Police (IGP, Jammu Zone),
on March 8, disclosed, moreover, that 20 per cent of
terrorists in J&K were now without guns.
of militancy in J&K continues to be dominated by
foreigners — of the 398 terrorists killed in 2008-09,
304 (76 per cent) were foreigners. In 2008, of the 237
militants killed 171 were foreigners and in 2009 of
the 161 militants killed 133 were foreigners. Foreign
militants generally come from the North Western Frontier
Province (NWFP), Punjab, Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK)
and other areas of Pakistan. On March 18, Chief Minister
Omar Abdullah said that about 550-575 terrorists were
presently active in the State.
Pakistani manufactured goods recovered from Pakistani
terrorists killed at Kalakote in the Rajouri District
on March 27, including Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)
cards, music players, eatables etc, once again re-established
the Pakistani connection to terrorism in Kashmir. Further,
some of the items seized from eight infiltrators killed
in the Keran Sector of Kupwara District (March 23-27)
indicate an Afghanistan link to the terrorism in the
State. According to the SFs, several cans of tinned
food meant for the personnel of Afghanistan's defence
forces, carrying a label that read "Wizarat-e-Difa'a"
(Defence Ministry), Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,
were recovered. The militants were carrying arms, ammunition,
gadgets, clothing, food and cosmetic products manufactured
in at least seven different countries including the
USA, the UAE, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, China and
Russia. These included state-of-the-art gadgets like
Magellan Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for navigation
across the LoC and Thuraya satellite phones to keep
in touch with their handlers across the Line of Control
(LoC). Brigadier General Staff of Army's 15 Corps Brigadier
Gurmeet Singh, during his briefing on the Keran operations,
however, told reporters on March 27 that there was no
evidence to suggest the presence of Taliban elements
in the State.
trends, meanwhile, suggest worrying times ahead.
Admitting a surge in cross-border infiltration,
the J&K Government, on March 1, stated, "It is a
fact that infiltration bids have risen. During 2009,
the gross infiltration (attempts) was estimated at 485
and net infiltration (number of militants who crossed)
was 113. During 2008, infiltration bids were estimated
at 342, while 57 militants intruded. There is an increase
of 143 bids in 2009 and 56 more militants have been
able to infiltrate as compared to the previous year."
Brigadier Gurmeet Singh, on March 28, thus said that
they were expecting a "hot summer" in Valley
this year, with 400 militants were waiting at different
launch pads in PoK to infiltrate across the LoC. Brigadier
Singh also claimed there were "2,000 to 2,500 armed
militants in Pak training camps, ready to infiltrate
into Jammu and Kashmir.... There are approximately 42
training camps intact across the border of which 34
are active." The Border Security Force has launched
Operation Night Dominance along the International
Border (IB) from Lakhanpur to Pallanwalla, following
specific intelligence that the Pakistan Army and Rangers
were desperate to push terrorists across.
the Government has indicated that its long-term objective
in J&K was to entrust the responsibility for law
and order to the local Police to restore normalcy in
the State. On January 31, Defence Minister A. K. Antony
declared, "As far as policy is concerned, we are very
clear. Our ultimate aim is to bring normalcy in Kashmir
and entrust law and order to Kashmir Police itself.
The Army can safely safeguard the border. That is our
Chief Minister Omar Abdullah disclosed, on
March 18, that a total of 35,000 troops had been withdrawn
from J&K, and their camps closed, during the tenure
of the current National Conference-Congress regime.
He added that, as and when the security situation improves,
the Army’s footprint will be decreased further. Reports,
however, indicate that the Government has now put on
hold any further withdrawal of troops because of the
renewed infiltration attempts.
troop cuts have an adverse impact on the security scenario,
and a confidential report by the J&K Police blamed
the resurgence of militancy in Sopore on troop ‘relocation’.
Chief Minister Abdullah, on March 2, also noted, "Militants
are grouping in the Sopore area and Kulgam District.
These areas are a challenge for us on the militancy
front. We are taking extra measures to deal with the
is evidently a dilemma in the State’s approach to fighting
militancy. On March 15, for instance, Abdullah said,
"We are committed to rehabilitation of the youths who,
according to our reports, were living a miserable life
in Muzaffarabad, Mirpur and other areas of PoK. We will
shortly come up with a Rehabilitation Policy for the
youths." In another move, the State Government has abandoned
plans to set up an elite anti-terrorism unit in the
State, five months after the formation of the squad
following a decision of the State Cabinet on July 14,
2009. Moreover, though full funds for procurement of
different types of equipment, including security, bomb
detection and disposal, crime detection, communication,
and other gear approved in Annual Action Plans (AAPs)
during 2004-09, were provided by the Government of India,
delays in procurement at the State level resulted in
substantial under-utilisation of the allotted funds.
The Government is mulling amendments to the Armed Forces
Special Powers Act (AFSPA), though Army Chief General
V. K. Singh has warned, "Any dilution of the AFSPA will
impinge adversely on the manner in which the Armed Forces
operate." The AFSPA, 1958, was extended to J&K in
1990, after militancy gained ground in the State, and
covers its entire territories with the exception of
Kargil and Ladakh. Under its Sections 4 and 7, powers
and legal safeguards are given to SFs for undertaking
many contradictions become the more astonishing when
prevailing threat perceptions are taken into consideration.
According to a March 17 report, Mohammad Yusuf Shah
aka Syed Salahuddin, the ‘commander-in-chief’
of the Pakistan-based HM, was caught on camera exhorting
his squad of suicide attackers to cross the LoC and
attack the SFs in India. Later, in an interview with
the Dawn news channel in Pakistan on March 21,
Salahuddin stated that the activities of militants in
J&K had increased according to a "definite plan"
and that the militants were continuing their "'war"
against SFs. That these are not vague threats was brought
home by the March 16 attack on SF personnel at Lal Chowk
in Srinagar on January 6, which, sources confirmed,
was carried out under Salahuddin’s directions.
violence recovering some momentum in the State, it is
imperative for both Srinagar and New Delhi to reverse
the flawed policy of troop reduction before the situation
becomes ugly. Consolidating the gains of the past eight
years, and deepening the peace in the State, will require
an enormous and sustained effort, since forces inimical
to India continue to vigorously support terrorism and
disruptive activities in J&K.
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
39 long years, the Bangladesh Government is all set to
bring the War Criminals (WCs) of 1971 to justice. In its
election manifesto the Awami League leader and its Prime
Ministerial candidate, Sheikh Hasina, had made it crystal
clear that the men who collaborated with the Pakistan
Army and Government in the genocide of an estimated 3
million people during the Liberation War, and in the use
of rape and collective slaughters as instruments of state
policy, would finally be taken to account.
clear mandate in the election of December 2008, Prime
Minister Sheikh Hasina has moved decisively to fulfil
this commitment, within her larger initiatives to reverse
the politics of extremism and political violence that
had progressively come to dominate her country. There
is a significant overlap between the two objectives –
curtailing Islamist extremism and terrorism, and bring
the WCs to justice – since the principal players in both
are the same. The Tribunal, which is mandated to trail
and prosecute the WCs, was constituted on March 25, 2010.
The Government had also appointed an investigative and
research organisation, the War Criminals Fact Finding
Committee (WCFFC), which handed over a list of WCs and
documented evidence in support of charges against them,
on April 4, 2010. According to the convener of the WCFFC,
M. A. Hassan, the documentation comprehended 18 books,
the names and addresses of 1,775 alleged WCs, and detailed
accounts of crimes, including mass killings. On March
23, moreover, reports indicated that the Government had
approved a list of war criminals prepared by the National
Security Intelligence (NSI) and the Criminal Investigation
unlike any earlier regime at Dhaka, the Sheikh Hasina
Government has placed law enforcement and intelligence
agencies on an alert to prevent alleged WCs from fleeing
Bangladesh during the trials.
these moves, the Government also plans to deploy some
six million Ansar (Village Defence Party) members
countrywide to combat militancy and improve law and order,
creating conditions for the smooth conduct of the proposed
giant steps, after decades of collusion by successive
regimes, but a backlash is already forming. Sheikh Hasina
has repeatedly warned that Islamist fundamentalist political
formations such as the Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI), one of the
principal actors in the 1971 genocide, and powerful pro-Pakistan
groups such as the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP),
under the leadership of former Prime Minister Begum Khalida
Zia, Sheikh Hasina’s arch rival, will do everything in
their power to scuttle the trials. Addressing her countrymen,
party workers and ministers on March 27, 2010, Shiekh
the process of the trial of war criminals started,
a conspiracy is being hatched by certain quarters
against it. You have to remain vigilant to prevent
any sort of conspiracy in the greater national interest...
those who have politically rehabilitated the war
criminals after the brutal assassination of Bangabandhu
[Sheikh Mujibur Rehman] along with most of his family
members may try to create instability in the country
ahead of the trials.
11, she added, further,
intention of the Opposition against the Government
is to protect the war criminals. They have adopted
the same way to protect the war criminals as they
did to save the killers of Bangabandhu (Sheikh Mujibur
Right in Bangladesh is whipping up a propaganda campaign
claiming that the Sheikh Hasina regime is trying to ‘muzzle’
the Opposition by abusing legal processes and the "farce
of war crimes".
State Minister for Law, Qamrul Islam, reiterated, on March
have no political motive. We would certainly maintain
international standards in the trial process and
would be transparent... Despite repeated calls to
cooperate with the Government for trying war criminals,
the opposition party [BNP] and the JeI leaders are
hatching a conspiracy to foil the process by making
audacious remarks. The Government would certainly
try the war criminals within its tenure despite
all kinds of obstacles."
JeI has more than one reason to attempt to thwart the
war crimes trials. The top JeI leadership stands accused,
and, if convicted, would permanently lose the right to
contest elections to Parliament and other local bodies.
A senior JeI leader conceded, on March 24, that "there
is possibility that a number of Jamaat leaders might be
detained on charge of war crimes after the investigation."
Other Jamaat leaders have also voiced concern about the
start of the trial process and possible detention.
watcher Hiranmay Karlekar argues, further, that the Jamaat,
along with its student’s wing, Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS
or Shibir), constitute the matrix within which terrorist
organizations like Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami Bangladesh
Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB),
Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB)
and Ahle Hadith Andolan Bangladesh (AHAB) evolved. Leaders
like Mufti Abdul Hannan and Bangla Bhai aka Siddiqul
Islam, ‘Operations Commanders’ of the HuJI-B and JMJB
respectively, till Hannan's arrest and Bangla Bhai's eventual
execution, Abdur Rahman of JMB, Muhammad Asadullah al-Galib
of AHAB, graduated either from the Jamaat or the Shibir
The war crimes trials would, in fact, constitute a major
setback to the entire spectrum of Islamist extremist groups
the Government has also taken the initiatives to investigate
a number of Non- Governmental Organisations (NGOs) that
emerged during the BNP-JeI coalition regime between 2001
and 2006. It is believed that the huge funding the Jamaat
gets from Islamic fundamentalist and extremist groups
abroad is channelled through these NGOs. Investigations
of these NGOs could cripple the Jamaat’s operations.
since the Jamaat has been the gateway of Pakistani interests
in Bangladesh since and before the war years, as well
as the principal instrument of Pakistan-backed militant
and terrorist activities, it is evident that Pakistan
will not easily accept the war crimes trials.
the Jamaat is resorting to every possible means to obstruct
the trial process. Of all such initiatives, the most important
involves its students’ wing, the ICS, which is trying
to provoke violence. The Rajshahi University murder, on
February 9, 2010, is a case in point. An activist of the
Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL), Faruk Hossain, was killed
by cadres of the ICS at Rajshahi University, and another
100 were injured in overnight clashes between the BCL
and ICS. Though the Government controlled the situation,
arresting some 437 ICS cadres after February 9, the impact
of the violence that followed the killing, particularly
on the functioning of educational institutions, is still
the Jamaat, along with BNP lawmaker, Abdul Wadud, has
been accused by a parliamentary body, on March 10, of
instigating unrest and violence in the Hill Districts,
with the assistance of Pakistan’s Inter Services Intelligence
Some of the recent Jamaat activities have prominently
Kishoreganj Police arrested two JeI cadres, RamjanAli
and AzizulHuq, of the Kishoreganj District unit while
leading a procession in the town protesting against the
The Police recovered 37 handmade bombs from a sand heap
outside district JeI office at Bhadughar of Brahmanbaria
The JeI cadres assaulted a freedom fighter, his wife and
son and set ablaze his house at Kashidangi village under
Baliadangi sub-district of Thakurgaon District.
JeI Secretary General Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed warned
the Government of an ‘explosive situation’ if his party
leaders and workers were roped in on "imaginary charges".
The warning came in the wake of wide speculations that
JeI leaders would soon be brought to the dock on charge
of war crimes.
Police arrested four cadres of JeI and ICS as they took
out a procession in the city streets violating Section
144 imposed by Barisal District Police Commissioner.
is also exerting all possible pressure on the trial process.
Initially, the party left its closest ally, the JeI, to
face the music on its own. However, once the Government’s
initiatives surged forward, the BNP sought increasingly
to confuse the issue. In its official statement on the
war criminal trials, the Party’s General Secretary, Khandakar
Delwar Hossain stated, on April 2, "The Government
has stepped away from the trials of the war criminals
and now they are holding the trials of the crimes against
humanity, deviating from the election manifesto".
He also questioned the formation of a special tribunal
to carry out the trial. Ironically, one of the senior
leaders Khandakar Mosharraf Hossain of the BNP, on March
31, alleged that Sheikh Hasina had given shelter to war
criminals: "…the BNP demands the trail of Sheikh
Hasina as she joined hands with the war criminals and
provided them shelter."
BNP-JeI opposition, the trial process is moving forward.
In one instance, cases have been filed against 19 alleged
war criminals, including JeI leader Maulana A.K.M. Yusuf,
on February 17, 2010. On March 24, just before the formation
of the WCT, JeI leaders Mohammad Kamaruzzaman and Addur
Razzaque were barred from going abroad. On April 7, 14
people, including an advocate Muslem Uddin, an Awami League
law maker were sued for their alleged involvement in war
the Government’s commitment to take the war crimes proceedings
quickly forward is evident, there are powerful forces
of subversion that continue to operate in Bangladesh.
Despite tremendous strides forward on a multiplicity of
fronts over the past year, the country remains fragile
and susceptible to destabilization. The BNP-JeI combine
retain the backing of the Pakistani intelligence and military
establishment, and, apart from directly compromising Pakistani
influence in Bangladesh, the war crimes threaten to bring
a close focus on Pakistan’s hideous record in 1971 – something
Islamabad has, astonishingly, been able to brush under
the carpet for nearly four decades. While the JeI and
its linked radical Islamist terrorist network has suffered
over the past years, the Party retains substantial grassroots
influence, a nationwide institutional infrastructure,
and a strong cadre base. The 2008 elections have been
an enormous defeat for the BNP-JeI combine, but the struggle
to stabilize this troubled country is far from over. It
remains to be seen whether the war crimes trials will
secure greater stability, or provoke a confrontation that
can undermine the incipient gains of the past year.
Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
data compiled from English language media sources.
undergone training in al-Qaida’s camps in Afghanistan, say
sources: The militants involved in November 26, 2008 (also
known as 26/11) Mumbai terrorist attacks had undergone training
in al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan, sources said. "This can't
be ignored," they added.
April1 17, 2010.
LeT to foment anti-India passion in Jammu and Kashmir, says
UN report: Pakistan's external intelligence agency, Inter
Services Intelligence (ISI), continues to have close links
with the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and has used the terror group's
services to foment anti-India passions in Kashmir and elsewhere,
a United Nations (UN) report said on April 16. "The Pakistani
military organised and supported the Taliban to take control
of Afghanistan in 1996. Similar tactics were used in Kashmir
against India after 1989," said the report by UN-appointed
independent panel to probe the killing of former Pakistan
premier Benazir Bhutto. On Bhutto it said that Pakistan failed
to properly protect former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto or
investigate her assassination and "severely hampered" a UN
Reuters, April 16-17, 2010.
for further proof against LeT, says Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh refused to give any
credence to Islamabad's contention that further evidence was
needed against the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), which was responsible
for the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attacks. "I think the American
intelligence and the American forces have pointed out the
role of Lashkar-e-Toiba and the link between Lashkar-e-Toiba
and al Qaeda... So, I do not see there is any need for me
to provide any additional evidence to Prime Minister Gilani
about the role of Lashkar-e-Toiba... Hafiz Saeed, Illyas Kashmiri,
Zaki-ur-Rahman, are names with regard to fanning of terrorism
directed against (India)," he said. He also said that people
who were named as part of the conspirators in the Mumbai terrorist
attacks "are roaming around freely" in Pakistan.
He also said that India could resume the dialogue with Pakistan
only after "concrete" and "effective" action against the perpetrators
of the 26/11 strikes.
Times, April 15, 2010.
Saeed not only benchmark, India says to Pakistan: India
has made it clear to Pakistan that although action against
Hafiz Saeed, ‘chief’ of the Jama’at-ud-Da’awa (JuD), over
ground organisation of the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), will help
ease the strained atmosphere, this is not the only benchmark
that will satisfy New Delhi before it can think of resuming
talks. Action against Hafiz Saeed will be a useful indicator
of Pakistan's willingness to do something about India's concerns
over cross-border terror, informed sources said.
Times of India, April 17, 2010.
Minister Tarun Gogoi admits links between insurgent groups
like ULFA and the Maoists: Assam
Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi on April 12 admitted the links
between insurgent groups like United Liberation Front of Asom
(ULFA) and the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist).
"There are reports about links between our insurgent outfits
and Maoists. There is a probable link. I don't find much of
a difference between them if you look at their respective
ideologies and styles of functioning. Both start off by exploiting
sentiments of the masses in underdeveloped areas and try to
solve problems through armed struggle. The whole idea is to
destabilise the Government," the Chief Minister said.
Telegraph India, April 13, 2010.
CRPF men to be deployed for anti-Naxal operations: The
Union Government will send around 6,000 Central Reserve Police
Force (CRPF) personnel to Naxal (Left Wing Extremism)-affected
States of the country including Chhattisgarh. The Government
has already sent almost 60,000 Central Para-Military Force
(CPMF) personnel drawn from CRPF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police
(ITBP) and Border Security Force (BSF) for anti-Naxal duties.
the Union Government has decided to speed up the restructuring
of the CRPF by bifurcating it into two parts, with one earmarked
for ‘soft duties’ like general law and order and the other
kept for ‘tough’ assignments like counter-insurgency and anti-Naxal
operations. The exercise had begun two months ago with 10
battalions of the CRPF being separated for general law and
order duties. The
of India, April 14, 2010.
threatens to bring the Government down from the street: The
second day of the Unified CPN-Maoist’s politburo meeting at
its party headquarters in Parisdanda in the capital Kathmandu
on April 16 ended after concluding that, though the current
Government is a major hindrance towards the formation of a
national unity Government, but toppling it by taking a no-confidence
motion against it will create political turmoil and adversely
affect the Constitution drafting process. "So, if the current
Government doesn't step down to make way for a national unity
Government by May 1, we will then have to bring it down from
the street," the party's Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda
said after the meeting.
April1 17, 2010.
and four SFs among 93 persons killed during the week in FATA:
At least 13
Taliban militants and one Frontier Corps trooper were killed
in a clash between Taliban militants and Security Forces (SFs)
during Operation Khwakh Ba De Sham (I will see you)
in the Sangra area of Orakzai Agency in the Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA) on April 18.
At least 17
Taliban militants were killed and several others were injured
during Operation Khwakh Ba De Sham in Orakzai Agency
on April 16. In addition, six Taliban militants were killed
as a US drone fired five missiles at a house and two vehicles
in the Toll Khel village of North Waziristan.
were killed and two others sustained injuries when SFs targeted
their hideouts in lower parts of Orakzai Agency on April 15.
A US drone
fired two missiles at a vehicle that killed four Taliban militants
in the Degaan area of Datta Khel tehsil (revenue unit),
30 kilometres west of Miranshah, the headquarters of North
Waziristan Agency on April 14.
militants were killed when a US drone fired two missiles into
a Taliban compound located in Boya village about 20 kilometres
West of Miranshah on April 12.
At least 39
Taliban militants and four troopers were killed, while nine
soldiers sustained injuries in clashes between SFs and Taliban
militants at Shireen Darra area of lower parts in Orakzai
Agency in the night of April 11. Dawn;
News, April 13-19, 2010.
and six militants among 61 persons killed during the week
in NWFP: Seven
persons, including a child, were killed and another 30 injured
in a suicide car bombing near the Saddar Police Station in
the Kohat area of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) on April
On April 17,
two burqa (veil)-clad suicide bombers targeted Internally
Displaced Persons (IDP) waiting to get themselves registered
and receive relief goods at the Kacha Pakka IDP camp on the
outskirts of Kohat on April 17, killing at least 44 and injuring
more than 70. The Lashkar-e-Jhangvi's Al-Aalmi faction claimed
responsibility for the bombings, and cited the presence of
Shias at the IDP camp as the reason for the attack. Dawn;
News, April 13-19, 2010.
Al-Akhtar and Al-Rashid trusts: The
United States (US) Treasury said on April 15 it had imposed
sanctions on two "high-profile" Pakistani trust fund chiefs
allegedly linked to terrorism. The Treasury identified the
trust fund chiefs as Muhammed Mazhar, director of Al-Akhtar
Trust, and Mufti Abdul Rahim, leader of Al-Rashid Trust, and
said both Pakistani charities’ assets under US jurisdiction
were frozen. Americans have also been prohibited from engaging
in any transactions with them. Mazhar was accused of supporting
al Qaeda and the Taliban, while Rahim was charged with funding
the Taliban. "Today’s designation of these two high-profile
financiers of al Qaeda and the Taliban, who are also leaders
of Al-Akhtar Trust and Al-Rashid Trust, further exposes those
organisations’ continuing support for terrorism under the
guise of charitable activity," said the Treasury.
Daily Times, April 16, 2010.
for discussions with Government: Sri
Lanka's major Tamil party, Tamil National Alliance (TNA),
has said that it is not opposed to supporting an acceptable
proposal on finding a lasting solution to the ethnic issue.
The TNA Member of Parliament-elect from the Jaffna District,
Suresh Premachandran, said that the party was open for discussion
with the Government. According to him, the TNA does not have
any idea at present as to what types of constitutional amendments
were likely to be brought forward. He has, however, added
that if President Mahinda Rajapakse comes forward with constitutional
reforms aimed at finding solutions to the ethnic problems
the TNA would de finitely discuss such proposals with him.
Page, April 13, 2010.
Secretary warns new Parliament of moves to revive separatist
Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapakse said on April 16 that
the new Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) led United People's
Freedom Alliance (UPFA) Government should be prepared to thwart
fresh attempts by separatists operating abroad to throw a
lifeline to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE). A
section of the international community is bent on reviving
the LTTE and giving it recognition, he added. Thus, the destruction
of the LTTE’s conventional military capability about a year
ago might give a false sense of complacency to the political
establishment, he pointed out. He further added that pro-LTTE
sections of the Tamil Diaspora were carrying out a high profile
campaign against Sri Lanka. The Global Tamil Forum (GTF) was
lobbying overseas to win over foreign politicians. He said
that the presence of high profile British politicians and
officials at a recent gathering of GTF in the United Kingdom
had revealed the gravity of the situation. Referring to recent
British press reports that Islamic radicals had infiltrated
the British Labour Party, Defence Secretary Rajapakse said
that the Tamil Diaspora could adopt a similar strategy, if
it had not already done that. The
Island, April 17, 2010.
Note: In the original article
it was incorrectly mentioned that Mufti Abdul Hannan ‘Operations
Commander’ of the HuJI-B had been executed. Hannan has in
fact been sentenced to death, but the death penalty is yet
to be executed. The mistake has been rectified on April 26,2010.
Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that
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terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on
counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on
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