United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
- Terrorist Group of Assam
United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) was formed by
Paresh Baruah along with associates including Rajiv Raj Konwar alias
Arabinda Rajkhowa, Golap Baruah alias Anup Chetia, Samiran Gogoi alias
Pradip Gogoi and Bhadreshwar Gohain on April 7, 1979, at the Rang Ghar
in Sibsagar to establish a "sovereign socialist Assam" through an armed
Arabinda Rajkhowa is the Chairman of ULFA. Vice Chairman
Pradip Gogoi was arrested on April 8, 1998 and is in judicial custody
in Guwahati ever since. General Secretary Anup Chetia is under detention
in Dhaka after being arrested by Bangladeshi authorities on December
21, 1997. The ULFA has a clearly partitioned political and military
wing. Paresh Barua heads the military wing as the outfit’s ‘commander-in-chief’.
Most of its top leadership operates from the outfit’s
Headquarters located in the neighbouring Bhutan and Bangladesh.
Areas of Activity and Influence
The ULFA’s organisational structure is divided into
four zones. The zones and their areas of influence are enumerated below:
Bokajan div. of
Part of Sonitpur
Part of Sonitpur
A military wing of the ULFA, the Sanjukta Mukti Fouj
(SMF) was formed on March 16, 1996. SMF has three full-fledged battalions
(Bn): the 7th, 28th and 709th. The remaining battalions exist only on
paper – at best they have strengths of a company or so. Their allocated
spheres of operation are as follows:
7th Bn (HQ- Sukhni) Responsible for defence of GHQ
8th Bn Nagaon, Morigaon, Karbi Anglong
9th Bn Golaghat, Jorhat, Sibsagar
11th Bn Kamrup, Nalbari
27th Bn Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar
28th Bn Tinsukia, Dibrugarh
709th Bn Kalikhola
The ULFA sought shelter in the forests on the Indo-Bhutan
border from the early Nineteen Nineties and has established several
camps in Southern Bhutan. The ULFA is reported to have linkages with
several officers and personnel of the Royal Bhutan Army and Police –
which ensures, among other things, a steady flow of rations, logistical
support as well as aid and contacts for money laundering. The ULFA’s
Bhutan set-up has a reported strength of around 2000 cadres spread across
the outfit’s General Head Quarters, its Council Head Quarters, a Security-cum-Training
Camp and a well-concealed Enigma Base. Numbering around 36 in all, the
major camps of the ULFA in Bhutan include:
5. Pemagatsel Complex
9. Sukhni (Marungphu): General HQ
11. Marsala (Dingshi Ri): Council HQ
12. Dalim-Koipani (Orang)
13. Neoli Debarli
Most camps and other establishment of the ULFA are
in Sandrup Jongkhar, a district in Southern Bhutan that borders Assam’s
Nalbari district. A straight road from Sandrup Jongkhar via Darranga
Mela–Tamulpur–Nalbari connects Bhutan with Assam’s capital city Guwahati
and other important towns of the State. The Darranga Mela–Tamulpur–Nalbari
road from Sandrup Jongkhar is considered to be the most important 'revolutionary
artery' in the region. Most of the ULFA’s cadres enter Assam through
In 1986, ULFA first established contacts with the then
unified National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) and the Kachin
Independence Army (KIA) of Myanmar for training and arms. ULFA linked
up with the Kachins through the 'good offices' of the Naga rebels. It
learnt the rudiments of insurgent tactics from the Kachins (who reportedly
charged Rs 100,000 per trainee).
Subsequently, links were established with Pakistan's
Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) and Afghan mujahideen. Reports indicate
that at least 200 ULFA activists received training in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Seized documents and interrogation of some arrested activists revealed
that the Defense Forces Intelligence (DFI) of Bangladesh had also trained
ULFA cadres in Sylhet district.
ULFA also has a number of camps in Bangladesh. The
ISI and the Directorate General of Field Intelligence (DGFI) of Bangladesh
are agencies which facilitate the ULFA’s presence and operations. Several
details of ULFA's Bangladesh connection were exposed when the Bangladeshi
authorities arrested its leader Anup Chetia on December 21, 1997. He
is currently under detention at the high-security Dhaka Central Jail.
The main charges against Chetia include illegal entry into Bangladesh,
possession of two forged Bangladeshi passports, possession of an unauthorised
satellite telephone and illegal possession of foreign currency of countries
as diverse as the US, UK, Switzerland, Thailand, Philippines, Spain,
Nepal, Bhutan, Belgium, Singapore and others. Two other accomplices,
Babul Sharma and Laxmi Prasad, were also arrested along with Chetia.
Apart from running training camps, ULFA launched several
income generating projects in Bangladesh. It has set up a number of
firms in Dhaka, including media consultancies and soft drink manufacturing
units. Besides it is reported to own three hotels, a private clinic,
and two motor driving schools in Dhaka. Paresh Barua is reported to
personally own or has controlling interests in several businesses in
Bangladesh, including a tannery, a chain of departmental stores, garment
factories, travel agencies, shrimp trawlers and transport and investment
ULFA’s camps in Bangladesh have been functioning since
1989, at which time there were 13 to 14 such camps. Commencing initially
with using Bangladesh as a safe haven and training location, ULFA gradually
expanded its network to include operational control of activities and
the receipt and shipment of arms in transit before they finally entered
India. The Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA) and Muslim
United Liberation Front of Assam (MULFA) are the chief suppliers of
arms for the ULFA through Bangladesh. Owing to greater vigil along the
known routes of ULFA arms flow, the group has, in recent times, been
making attempts to set up bases in Meghalaya, especially in the West
Garo Hills to coordinate the transit of arms coming through Bangladesh.
ULFA has long maintained close linkages with the Pakistan’s
ISI which procured several passports for Paresh Baruah and other ULFA
cadres. Several ULFA cadres have also received arms training from the
ISI at various training centres in Pakistan, close to the Afghanistan
border. The top ULFA leadership was also in close touch with certain
officers of the Pakistani High Commission in Bangladesh, who have arranged
for their passport in various names and travel to Karachi, from where
they have been taken to the terrorist training centres run by the ISI
and its affiliates. ULFA had announced its support for Pakistan during
the Kargil war. They described the Pakistani intruders – primarily Pakistani
Army regulars and Afghan mercenaries – as ‘freedom fighters’. Some children
of top ULFA leaders are reportedly studying in the USA and Canada under
ISI protection. Reports indicate that the ULFA's mouthpiece, ULFA's
a website newsletter Swadhinata also known as Freedom,
receives editorial support from ISI agents inside Pakistan. It was in
Freedom that the ULFA first supported the Pakistanis during the
Kargil war. The ISI has provided ULFA cadres with arms training, safe
havens, funds, arms and ammunition. Training has been given at camps
in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan. At least 300 ULFA cadres were also
trained at Rawalpindi and other locations in Pakistan. The training
included courses in the use of rocket launchers, explosives and assault
weapons. Paresh Baruah has been regularly visiting Karachi since 1992-93.
Baruah is also reported to have met Osama bin Laden in 1996 during a
visit to Karachi. The ULFA leader was reportedly taken to a camp on
the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, where he not only received assurance
of military help in the form of arms and ammunition, but also assurances
of co-operation and logistical support of all international organisations
owing allegiance to Bin Laden,
including the International Jehad Council, the Tehrik-ul-Jehad, Harkat-ul-Jehad-ul-Islami
apart from the Al Qaeda.
The ISI has also trained ULFA terrorists in counter
intelligence, disinformation and use of sophisticated weapons and explosives.
Pakistan has facilitated the visits of Paresh Baruah and other ULFA
leaders to Singapore, Thailand and other countries, and a channel for
the transfer of funds and arms has been created. Several madrassas
(religious seminaries) and mosques sponsored by the ISI in the Sylhet
and Cox's Bazar areas are being used to hoard and transfer arms procured
by the ULFA from Thailand and Myanmar. ISI largesse enabled ULFA to
buy arms in Cambodia, paying for these in hard currency routed through
Nepal. The ISI also 'introduced' ULFA to LTTE transporters who, for
a fee, undertook to transport arms from Southeast Asia into Myanmar.
In April 1996 Bangladesh seized more than 500 AK-47 rifles, 80 machineguns,
50 rocket launchers and 2,000 grenades from two ships off Cox's Bazaar.
Four Tamils were among those arrested
Co-operation between various terrorist organisations
in India’s north-east and foreign groups was formalised with the formation
of the Indo-Burmese Revolutionary Front (IBRF) in 1989. The IBRF was
made up initially of the NSCN-K, ULFA, United Liberation Front of Bodoland,
Kuki National Front (KNF) (all from India) and Chin National Front (Myanmar).
Paresh Baruah is reported to have paid a substantial sum of money to
the Kachins for the first large consignment of weapons from Thailand.
Manerplaw in lower Myanmar on the border with Thailand, is the stronghold
of the rebel Karen National Union that, in 1993, is reported to have
delivered, from the Cambodian arms market, AK-56 rifles, machine guns,
rocket-propelled guns and anti-tank rifles to the ULFA. The organisation’s
cadres have identified an arms dealer as an ethnic Kachin and wife of
an assassinated Manipuri rebel Themba Song. The Communist Party of Burma
is known to have gifted some weapons, mainly Chinese-made M10 rifles,
to ULFA and Naga terrorist organisations.
Arrested ULFA cadres have claimed that Baruah used
to smuggle heroin, procured in Myanmar, into Assam as part of "a personal
operation". According to surrendered ULFA cadres, the ULFA terrorists
had also crossed over into China via Bhutan and established contact
with the Chinese Army. The group, on the basis of these contacts, had
a rendezvous with a Chinese ship on the high seas in March 1995 during
which a weapons’ consignment was transferred to them. A further consignment
ultimately landed up in Bhutan in 1999, though it was actually acquired
in 1997. ULFA also runs profitable narcotics business in Myanmar and
Thailand. A close nexus between ULFA and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil
had also been reported. The LTTE is reported to have trained various
ULFA cadres in explosives handling.
March 16: Six civilians are killed and 55 more injured in an Improvised
Explosive Device (IED) blast set-off by ULFA terrorists under a
passenger bus, on National Highway No. 7, Bamunghopha, Goalpara
March 13: ULFA 'commander' of a Bhutan-based camp, identified as
‘Captain’ Kamal Gogoi, surrenders to General Officer Commanding
(GOC), IV Corps, Lt Gen Mohinder Singhat the corps-headquarters
in Tezpur, Sonitpur district.
Assam Public Works ULFA Parial Committee, an organisation
of ULFA kin criticises ULFA ‘commander-in-chief’ Paresh Baruah for
attacks on innocent persons and important installations like oil pipelines.
March 8: ULFA terrorists set-off an explosion at a five million-litre
petrol reservoir at Digboi Refinery, in Tinsukia district, causing
a huge loss of approximately Rs 200 million to the Indian Oil Corporation
(IOC), a public sector enterprise. In another attack, they damage
a gas pipeline facility at Kathalguri, in the same district, in
A group of ULFA terrorists attack and partially damage
the Darrangiri police outpost in Goalpara district. While none police
personnel are injured in the attack, the fleeing terrorists kill two
persons and injure six more at a nearby migrant-settlement.
ULFA terrorists flee following a clash with a joint
team of police and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel at
Baruathan in Dhemaji district.
Union Minister of State for Home I.D. Swami while
speaking in Dimapur, Nagaland, says the ULFA should come forward for
talks without any preconditions.
ULFA claims responsibility for blast at an underground
oil pipeline in Upper Mamoroni area of Tinsukia.
January 21: ULFA terrorist killed in encounter at
Rangchali in Dibrugarh district.
December 25: Suspected ULFA terrorists throw five mortar bombs
in quick succession in Kalibari and Ambri areas of Guwahati killing
two civilians, including a five-year-old child. 16 more are injured
in these incidents.
December 24: An ULFA terrorist is killed in an encounter in Bagicha
Chuba, Kalaigaon, Darrang district.
Two ULFA terrorists are killed near Nakati forest, in Kokrajhar
December 23: All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) president Prabin
Boro volunteers to broker peace with ULFA.
December 17: Reports say the ULFA, in its fortnightly Freedom,
alleged that security forces in Assam killed at least 500 ULFA
and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) terrorists in various
encounters during the past 18 months.
December 5: Two ULFA terrorists, Pranjal Borah and Jayanta Ray,
are killed in an encounter in Putani village, Samaguri police station-limits,
in Assam's Nagaon district.
Self-styled ULFA 'corporal' Meghnath is killed in
an encounter in Maomari, Dudhnoi police station-limits, Goalpara district,
November 21: Assam Police chief (Director General) H K Deka says,
in Guwahati, top-ULFA leaders have lost control over the rank and
file and the latter indulge in extortion independent of their leaders.
November 3: In a joint operation with the Central Reserve Police
Force (CRPF), Assam police destroy a training camp situated at the
foothills of Molapahar, in Tinsukia district, being jointly used
by ULFA and NSCN-K.
October 31: Five ULFA terrorists led by 'corporal' Himan Deori
of the outfit's Enigma-A group and seven NDFB terrorists
surrender at the Tamulpur Army camp, in Assam's Nalbari district.
October 30: Two top terrorists of ULFA’s Enigma Group are
killed in an encounter in Ajanta Path area, Guwahati, Assam.
October 21: ULFA terrorist identified as Dipu Gogoi is arrested
in Moranhat, Dibrugarh district, Assam.
October 15: ULFA, through its mouthpiece Freedom, reiterates the
demand for a 'plebiscite' in Assam.
October 12: An ULFA terrorist and his wife, also an ULFA cadre,
are nabbed from a bus at Haloating Chariali, near Amguri, in Assam's
October 6: An ULFA terrorist is killed in an encounter in the Jamduar
Reserve Forest, Gossaigaon police station-limits, Kokrajhar district.
October 5: Police sources suspect ULFA might have been behind a
bomb blast that occurred in Assam's Nagaon district, killing a civilian
and injuring three others.
A school teacher from Garumara is arrested in Jorhat district for
alleged links with ULFA.
October 2: An ULFA terrorist is killed in an encounter in Bihjia
village, in Assam's Nalbari district.
October 1: ULFA women 'sergeant' Tulsi Rabha and another woman
cadre, Malti Santoshi, are arrested from Somphong Par, near Balda
village, Goalpara district.
ULFA, in its mouthpiece Freedom, terms the government's effort of
furthering development in Assam as 'mischievous' and a ploy to intensify
counter-measures against the outfit.
September 30: ULFA 'cultural secretary' Pallavi Phukan alias Kunjalata
Deuri is arrested in Baluguri village, Tinsukia district, Assam.
September 26: Media reports indicate, Assam is vigilant against
any threat that might emanate from the suspected nexus between the
ULFA and Nepal's Maoists.
September 24: A court in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka sentences
ULFA 'general secretary' Anup Chetia and his two accomplices to
seven years imprisonment for 'illegal possession' of a satellite
Sivasagar Chief Judicial Magistrate remands ULFA 'east zone commander'
Ramu Mech and his body guard to seven days in police custody.
Reports indicate ULFA has shifted two of its training camps from
their current, unspecified location in Bhutan to Narphung, also
September 23: ULFA terrorists abduct a civilian from his residence
in Kheremiagaon, Mariani police station jurisdiction, Jorhat district.
September 22: Prabin Konwar alias Ramu Mech, the ULFA 'east zone
commender', and another ULFA terrorist identified as Ranjit Rajkhowa
alias Jyoti Chaliha are arrested from a private nursing home in
Diburgarh district of Assam.
September 20: ULFA terrorists kill a security force personnel in
an ambush near Orang River at Gowabari in Assam's Darrang district.
September 19: Two ULFA terrorists are killed in an encounter the
security forces near the Nanoi river embankment in Assam's Darrang
September 18: The General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 'Red
Horn Division' of the Army, stationed in Assam, Major General Gaganjit
Singh claims that terrorists from two ULFA camps in Myanmar are
ready to surrender, but are, however, being restrained by their
September 15: In its mouthpiece Freedom, ULFA denies its suspected
involvement in the Howrah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express derailment
on September 9, in Bihar State. Approximately 119 persons had been
killed in the accident.
September 14: Two ULFA terrorists and a security force personnel
are killed in an encounter following a raid on a terrorist hideout
at Uttarkuchi village in Nalbari district of Assam.
September 12: Report says, a court in Dhaka would pronounce its
verdict on detained United ULFA 'general secretary' Anup Chetia,
on September 24.
ULFA terrorist nabbed from a place under Bilasipara police station
limits, Dhubri district, Assam.
September 10: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter in Bhebladongpar,
Patacharkuchi police station limits, Barpeta district of Assam.
ULFA terrorists kill a Surrendered ULFA (SULFA) cadre at the local
club-cum-library in Balajan in Dhubri district, Assam.
September 6: ULFA self-styled 'lieutenant' Lakhyajit Gogoi alias
Bhaimon Gogoi and another ULFA terrorist, Arvinda Konwar alias Devanand
Chetia, arrested by Assam Rifles in Nagaland's Mon district.
Assam Governor Sinha says ULFA's 'preconceived mindset' is impeding
September 1: Five ULFA terrorists arrested from Bhekulajan village,
Duliajan police station limits, in Assam's Dibrugarh district.
August 31: Three ULFA terrorists killed following an encounter
in Bamunkuchigaon, Patacharkuchi police station limits, Barpeta
August 30: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in Suktaguri
village, Darrang district.
August 29: Report says an ULFA 'sergeant' and a female cadre surrendered
to security force (SF) personnel in Assam's Dibrugarh district.
A report indicates that oil companies in Assam have paid extortion
money to ULFA.
August 28: Five ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in Kachkuripathar,
Sarthebari police station limits, Barpeta district.
August 22: Government confirms that South Abhayapuri (Bongaigaon
district) Legislator Chandan Sarkar's son, abducted on March 2,
2002 from Falakata in West Bengal, is in ULFA's captivity. Alert
people apprehend three pseudo ULFA cadres while trying to extort
money from a local businessman, at a place under Kokrajhar police
August 19: Reports indicate that intelligence sources suspect ULFA's
hand, besides that of the Kamatapur Liberation Organisations (KLO),
in the August 17-Jalpaiguri (West Bengal) killings in which five
Communist Party of India- Marxist (CPI-M) activists had been killed.
August 18: Reports claim ULFA is trying to unite with the Manipur-based
United National Liberation Front (UNLF).
Reports state that ULFA is trying to take advantage of the differences
between Bodo and non-Bodo groups over the formation of the Bodoland
Territorial Council with the aim of creating disturbances in the
August 14: Four ULFA terrorists killed in separate encounters--two
near Suklapara in Kamrup district and two more near Dudhnoi in Goalpara
August 13: ULFA conduit arrested from Gauripara area in Guwahati.
August 12: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter near Darrangamela,
Nalbari district. Suspected ULFA conduit arrested from Aarikusi,
Nalbari district, Assam.
August 10: ULFA issues a press release refuting allegations of
its involvement in the abduction of seven BLT cadres.
August 6: Sanmilita Janagosthiya Sangram Samiti (SJSS), a platform
of various non-Bodo organisatons, hails the 'moral support' extended
by ULFA to its opposition to forming the Bodoland Territorial Council
August 4: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter in Khoirabari,
Kamrup district. Two ULFA terrorists arrested at a place under Hatssinghimari
police station jurisdiction, Dhubri district.
August 3: Basanta Gogoi alias Dipen Bora, a 'corporal' in ULFA's
28th battalion, killed in an encounter in Chamguri village, Dibrugarh
August 2: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in Umananda,
August 1: The ULFA, in its mouthpiece Freedom, says Bodoland Territorial
Council (BTC) would create political chaos.
July 29: Four ULFA terrorists, including a self-styled 'lieutenant'
and a woman cadre, killed near Ghaghrapar in Assam's Nalbari district.
July 25: Reports say a nine-member ULFA team led by Ashanta Phookan
entered Golaghat district to sabotage Independence day (August 15)
July 24: ULFA terrorist killed in Kukapar village, Barpeta district.
July 20: Media report indicates security force personnel apprehend
strikes by ULFA on Independence Day-eve in Assam.
July 19: ULFA alleges that increased presence of Indian security
forces on Assam's border with Bhutan is a hurdle in withdrawing
from bases in Bhutan.
July 17: Manipur-based United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
while claiming responsibility for the July 16 killing of three security
force personnel near Jirighat in Assam's Cachar district in a statement,
indicates that attacks were carried out at ULFA's behest.
Reports say, ULFA terrorists vacated two camps in Bhutan.
July 16: Six ULFA terrorists, on their way to a training camp in
Myanmar arrested by Assam Rilfes (AR) personnel in Mon district
July 14: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter at Dighali
village, Nalbari district.
Intelligence reports caution authorities in Assam about the presence
of a 70-member-strong ULFA gang in Sivasagar district, allegedly
led by 'operation commandant' Dristi Rajkhowa,` and warn that the
group might sabotage Independence Day celebrations.
Media report indicates that ULFA and NDFB terrorists based in camps
in Bhutan may approach hospitals in West Bengal for treatment, following
shrinking of medical facilities in Bhutan.
Three ULFA terrorists arrested from Netabari village while on an
July 10: Three ULFA terrorists arrested from Pallel Bazar, in Manipur's
July 8: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in the Barpathar
area of Golaghat district.
Sidharthamani Bora, the self-styled finance secretary of ULFA's
Sowansiri Anchalik Parishad surrenders in Jorhat.
July 5: A senior police official says ULFA has trained women in
July 3: Report claims 20 ULFA terrorists, including women cadres,
infiltrated Assam to extort money and recruit cadres.
July 1: ULFA in its mouthpiece Freedom asks Assamese students
to launch anti-Hindi campaign, say reports.
June 26: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at Kardoiguri village
in Tinsukia district.
A report says ULFA involved is in fake currency circulation in Assam.
June 25: Three ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter at Nanoipara,
under Paneri police station limits.
Civilian killed and 28 more, including three SF personnel, injured
in a grenade attack by suspected ULFA terrorists near Mayapuri cinema
June 23: Two ULFA terrorists, one SF personnel killed in Subansiri-encounter,
June 21: A report says, ULFA is continuing with its recruitment
drive in Upper Assam.
June 20: Police in Dibrugarh arrest two ULFA terrorists from Khowang
and Moran areas in separate raids.
June 19: Two ULFA terrorists, one security force personnel killed
in an encounter near Achabam Tea Estate, Dibrugarh district. · Assam
Public Works (APW), a Guwahati-based Non-Governmental Organisation
(NGO) refutes ULFA's charges that it had, at the behest of the government,
mobilised people to file complaints with Assam Human Rights Commission
against ULFA Commander-in-Chief Paresh Baruah.
June 18: Six ULFA terrorists killed in separate encounters--two
at Vishnupur, Ulubari, another two at Lakhimpur, and two more at
the Dumni Tea Estate, Nalbari district. One SF personnel also killed
in the last encounter.
ULFA terrorist arrested from Bisondoi village of Assam's Dhubri
Reports hold, ULFA and NDFB procure arms from a Manipur-based terrorist
outfit, the United National Liberation Front (UNLF).
June 12 : Arpan Saikia, believed to be ULFA’s ‘operation commander’
for Rangpur Anchalik Parishad, arrested in Pathalibum village in
May 29: ULFA terrorist arrested from Thekeraguri village, under
Tingkhong police station limits.
May 28: ULFA terrorist arrested from Ratanpur near Tingkhong in
May 26: Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) may use ULFA’s ‘commander-in-chief’
Paresh Barua to target its chairman, Arabinda Rajkhowa, c;lim reports.
May 25: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter near Sukhanjali
village in Nalbari district.
May 22: Ffour ULFA terrorists arrested following a joint operation
launched by troops of the 2nd Mountain Division and personnel
of Assam and Nagaland police at Lahurijan village, under Bokajan
police station limits.
May 20: Self-styled ULFA commander Tapan Baruah alias Madan Das
killed in an encounter at Talpathar Majhgaon in Tinsukia district.
May 19: ULFA’s 28th battalion’s ‘sergeant major’ identified as
Diganta Dihingia killed in encounter at Chetia Handique village
in Sivasagar district.
Assam police arrest ULFA terrorist from a house under Simaluguri
police station limits.
May 18: 10 ULFA terrorists, including a woman cadre, surrender
in Nalbari district.
May 16: Reports say ULFA mouthpiece Freedom (Swadhinata)
leveled allegations against the Indian government of carrying out
‘reconnaissance surveys’ over its camps in Bhutan for a possible
May 14: Nine persons injured in various attacks carried out by
ULFA terrorists, allegedly, jointly with NDFB terrorists at Gauripur
in Dhubri district.
May 12: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at Dalanghat village
in Darrang district.
May 10: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at the Pachim Kamarkuchi
village under the Nalbari police station limits.
May 9: ULFA conduit arrested from Nij Bihuguri village, under Tezpur
police station limits.
ULFA has renewed its attempt to escalate its terrorist acts in parts
of Assam, claim reports.
May 8: Two ULFA terrorists killed in separate encounters in Nalbari
district––in Elangidal and Dahali villages respectively.
May 6: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter in Umananda village,
under Goreshwar police station limits.
May 5: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter near Kekankuchi in
May 1: Encounter between Jorhat police and ULFA terrorists reported
at Panijangaon under Mathura East police station limits. There were,
however, no casualties.
April 25 ULFA terrorist Bulbul Bora, self-styled 'corporal and
weapon training instructor', killed in an encounter in Mahakhuli,
April 22 ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter with security forces
in Nalbari district Kokrajhar police recover the dead body of a
girl from Hatimatha
April 20: Seven ULFA terrorists surrender at Laipuli in Tinsukia. One more terrorist
surrenders at Barhampur camp, Nagaon.
April 19: Two United Liberation
Front of Asom ULFA terrorists
killed in an encounter at
Barandhara under the Ghagrapaar police station limits of
April 18: A ULFA terrorist
identified as Bikash Das killed
in an encounter at Dahkaunia under the Nalbari police station limits.
A suspected ULFA conduit identified as Deepak Roy arresed in Gossaigaon Natabari village under
the Tamarhat police station limits of Kokarajhar district.
April 17: One unidentified ULFA terrorist
killed in an encounter at Pipla village under Patacharkuchi
police station limits in Nalbari.
April 15: Bagaribari police
personnel arrest two Muslim
Revolutionary Democratic Front (MRDF) terrorists from the Sonkosh.
April 13: Two ULFA terrorists
injured in an encounter at the North Bishnupur area, Nalbari.
April 12: Jorhat police arrest
one ULFA ‘acting district commander’ Jagat Phukan of Dhansiri Anchalik
April 8: One ULFA terrorist
killed by near Hathigor in Darrang .
April 7: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter at Balilessa
Soondartala in Nalbari district. ULFA observes its ‘raising day’.
April 4: ULFA chairman, Arabinda Rajkhowa, rejects the safe-passage
offer by the Assam government.
April 3: One ULFA terrorist surrenders at Barhampur camp, Nagaon.
March 30: One ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at Dalledela
village under Phulbari police station limits in West Garo hills
district of Meghalaya.
March 29: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at Bihira village
near Nalbari, Assam.
March 24: ULFA reiterates preconditions- venue for talks should
be a third country, should be under United Nations (UN) supervision;
and ‘sovereignty’ should also be discussed, for talks, indicate
A self-styled 'sergeant major' Dilip Saloi alias Bhaiti Adhikary
killed in Kamrup encounter, Assam.
Separately, A self-styled commander of ‘B’ Group, Arantu Hazarika
alias Dwipen Talukdar killed in an encounter at Arikuchi Balagaon
in Nalbari district on March 22.
March 22: Two ULFA terrorists, including a woman cadre, killed
in an encounter in a reserve forest under the Patacharkuchi police
station limits of Barpeta district, Assam.
March 20: ULFA terrorist surrenders before the Nagaon district
police chief in Assam.
March 19: Seven ULFA terrorists- four at Akhara, 70 kilometres
west of Guwahati and three in Dhubri killed in separate encounters
Separately one ULFA terrorist killed in Kamrup and another arrested
March 18: Suspected ULFA terrorists kill a trader at Bhatipara
village under Boko police station limits, Kamrup in Assam.
March 17: Five ULFA terrorists -three from Balipara village and
one each from Shanristipur in Nalbari and Nagaon arrested in Assam.
March 16: One ULFA terrorist killed near No. 2 Bongaon under the
Tihu police station limits, Assam.
March 7: Two ULFA terrorists killed in the Ripu Reserve Forest
area, near Gossaigaon, Assam.
March 5: One ULFA terrorist killed in Niljulki village, Nalbari
March 3: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in Nemukur
Konwargaon, near Bokota, in Sibasagar district, Assam.
February 27: ULFA terrorist killed in encounter at Gugoloni under
Naharkotia police station limits in Assam
February 24: Four ULFA terrorists killed at Boragaon in Tinsukia
district in Assam.
February 22: One ULFA terrorist killed at Dhantola in Nalbari,
February 20: One ULFA terrorist killed in the Dirok reserved forest
area, Tinsukia in Assam.
February 19: ULFA terrorist killed near Guwahati.
Suspected ULFA terrorists kill two youths at Bistupur in Nalbari,
February 14: Five ULFA terrorists killed near the Assam border
with Arunachal Pradesh.
February 10: Two Surrendered ULFA (SULFA) terrorists killed at
Naharbari Kopili Xatra near Mangaldai.
February 3: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter near Birubari
Nizorapar in Guwahati, Assam.
January 31: Three ULFA terrorists killed neat Boko in Kamrup district,
January 29: A ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter at the Dibru-Saikhowa
reserved forest near Doomdooma, Assam.
January 27: ULFA terrorists kill two security force (SF) personnel
in Kamrup district, Assam. Ten others injured in a separate attack
January 22: A ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter in the Raimana
Reserve Forest area near Gosssaigoan.
January 20: Four ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter at Toli
village near Agomani on the Assam-Bangladesh.
January 9: Two ULFA terrorists killed in Kokrajhar, Assam.
January 1: United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) offered a 30-day
safe passage by the Assam government.
December 30: Suspected ULFA terrorists kill a Congress (I) activist
near Bejkuchi village, under Nalbari police station limits.
A ULFA terrorist killed under the Duni police station limits, Darrang
December 28: Suspected ULFA terrorist killed under the Kalaigaon
police station limits in Assam.
December 23: Two ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter in Nijkhusla,
Kamrup district in Assam.
December 21: Six Surrendered ULFA (SULFA) activists arrested in
Shantinagar, near Guwahati in Assam.
December 20: Three ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter near
Suwagpur, Darrang district, Assam.
December 18: Five ULFA terrorists-three in Nalbari and two in Sadiya
along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border, killed in Assam.
December 15: Three ULFA terrorists arrested from the Motapam village
near Dholaghat in Tinsukia district.
December 9: One ULFA terrorist killed an encounter and two others
arrested in Khoirabari and Darrang districts respectively.
December 6: One ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter near Kumsung
in Tinsukia district, Assam.
December 2: Reports indicate ULFA likely to ‘close’ camps in Bhutan.
November 27: ULFA declares as a ‘protest day’. Its Arabinda Rajkhowa
appeals for a political settlement.
November 23: Three ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter near
Bolajhar in Darrang.
November 21: ULFA terrorist killed in an encounter in the Dangori
Reserve Forest area. Two ULFA terrorists arrested separately in
November 18: Suspected ULFA terrorists kill Asom Gana Parishad
(AGP) leader in Rangajan village, Tinsukia in Assam.
November 10: ‘Chief’ of ULFA platoon division arrested in Siliguri,
November 5: Two ULFA terrorists arrested in Dhubri.
October 22: Three ULFA terrorists killed in Bholpur under Tamulpur
police station limits in Nalbari, Assam.
Five ULFA terrorists surrender in Nalbari.
October 21: ULFA terrorist killed in encounter at Donjargaon in
October 20: Two ULFA terrorists killed in encounter near the Dikcham
Tea Estate, Rajgarh, in Dibrugarh district, Assam.
October 18: Two ULFA terrorists lynched by the locals in Bijupara,
Kamrup district in Assam.
Security forces kill one ULFA terrorist in Darrang.
October 17: Two ULFA terrorists arrested at Balikuchi village under
the Nalbari police station jurisdiction.
October 15: ULFA ‘publicity secretary’ along with 10 others surrender
in Lajpuli, Tinsukia.
October 11: Four ULFA terrorists surrender in Golaghat.
Kamrup ULFA ‘area commander’ killed at Patharkmhah in Ri Bhoi, Meghalya.
October 8: Two ULFA terrorists surrender in Jorhat.
October 6: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) personnel arrest
five ULFA terrorists in connection with Tinsukia district police
chief murder in May 1996.
September 27: Two ULFA terrorists and one Army personnel killed
in encounter at Kumarigaon in Mahadevpur area along the Assam-Nagaland
September 21: Two Army personnel killed in an ULFA-triggered bomb-blast
near Kakapathar Kumchang Tea Estate. Another succumbs to injuries
August 17: The ULFA reiterates its earlier pre-conditions for a
peace process to be initiated. These are: (1) Talks would have to
be held at a mutually decided venue outside India. (2) Talks would
have to be held under the supervision of the United Nations. (3)
The main issue to be discussed is 'sovereignty' for Assam.
August 5: Three ULFA terrorists killed and five security force
personnel injured in an encounter at Nalapara village along the
Indo-Bhutan border in Darrang district.
July 29: Two CRPF security force personnel and a driver of the
vehicle they were travelling in killed and five more security force
personnel injured in an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) explosion
caused by suspected ULFA terrorists at Bhalukjuli in Goalpara district.
July 27: ULFA Chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa, addressing the outfit's
Martyr Day celebrations, calls for a referendum in the State to
decide the issue of sovereignty for which the outfit is fighting.
He adds that his organisation wants a ‘political solution’ to the
July 17: ULFA, in its mouthpiece Freedom, calls upon the NSCN-IM
to review its stand on an extended Nagalim to 'avoid being projected
as a chauvinistic outfit'.
July 6: Media reports suggest that the ULFA 'commander-in-chief'
Paresh Baruah has been injured in an explosion at the residence
of a political activist of the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal in Bangladesh,
Mir Kasim Ali.
June 13: Three ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter at Lainagar
Dimrohala in Dibrugarh district.
June 6: 12 security force personnel injured in a pre-dawn rocket
attack by suspected ULFA terrorists on a Central Resrve Police Force
(CRPF) camp at Dhupdhara in Goalpara district.
June 4: Three ULFA terrorists killed and five police personnel
injured in an encounter at Dhalajan Fatagaon in Jorhat district.
May 3: Six AGP activists killed and 16 civilians injured in separate
attacks by suspected ULFA terrorists in Nalbari and Goalpara districts.
May 2: An AGP office holder and another AGP activist killed in
an attack by suspected ULFA terrorists at Raniganj in Bilasipara.
May 1: The general secretary of the State unit of the Bharatiya
Janata Party (BJP), and also the party's candidate from Dibrugarh
constituency, Jayanta Dutta and four other persons were killed and
nine others injured in separate ULFA attacks in Dibrugarh town.
April 29: Twelve AGP activists were injured as suspected ULFA terrorists
exploded a grenade near 'Janata Bhawan', the official residence
of the Chief Minister in Guwahati.
April 25: The then Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, addressing
a press conference in Guwahati, alleges that ULFA terrorists in
connivance with the Congress Party were targeting the AGP candidates.
April 24: Two AGP activists were killed by ULFA terrorists at Diwanpara
and Chakihali Bazar of Bongaigaon district.
April 15: Three security force personnel were killed in an attack
by ULFA terrorists near the Paneri police station in Darrang district.
March 30: Five ULFA terrorists killed in two separate encounters
in the Tengi village of Tinsukia district and Kalakuchi village
of Nalbari district.
March 17: Three youths, suspected to be police informers, were
first abducted and later killed by ULFA terrorists at Burinagar
village in Nalbari district.
March 15: Six ULFA terrorists belonging to the outfit's 'Enigma
Unit' killed in an encounter in a forest area under Krishnai police
station in Goalpara district. On the same day, six ULFA terrorists,
led by the outfit's Kamrup district 'operation commander' Raju Ahmed
surrender at Baihata Chariali in Kamrup district.
February 24: ULFA's Kamrup 'district commander' shot dead. On the
same day, eight ULFA terrorists are arrested.
February 23: Six ULFA terrorists killed and three more injured
in an encounter with security forces in Meghalaya, at Garobadha
in the West Garo hills district, on the Assam-Meghalaya border.
February 12: ULFA threatens wild life campaigner Vivek Menon for
campaigning against poaching of elephants and rhinos in the State.
February 2: Three ULFA terrorists were killed in an encounter in
the Mazgaon area, Bongaigaon district. On the same day, 13 ULFA
terrorists, including the outfit's 'foreign liaison officer', 'communication
officer' and 'medical-in-charge', surrender at the Misa Army camp
January 31: Four ULFA terrorists were killed in two separate encounters
at Khangbari and Soneswar village.
January 26: 123 ULFA terrorists surrendered in Guwahati.
January 2: Three Surrendered ULFA (SULFA) men, including former
ULFA leader Abinash Bordoloi, were killed by suspected ULFA terrorists
in Nalbari district.
December 17: Army sources claim that the ULFA chief, Paresh Baruah
has been injured and his deputy, Raju Baruah killed in an internecine
clash in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. However, Paresh
Baruah later contacted news agencies and contradicted these reports.
December 13: I D Swami, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs,
speaking in the Parliament, confirms the reports that ULFA has been
procuring arms from the Chinese Army.
December 8: Brother of Sasha Choudhury, 'foreign secretary' of
ULFA killed by unidentified assailants in Nalbari district.
December 7: 28 Hindi-speaking traders and farm workers from Bihar
were killed by suspected ULFA terrorists near Sadiya.
December 6: 153 ULFA terrorists surrendered in Dispur. House of
Paresh Baruah, ULFA chief, in Dhubri district attacked by unidentified
November 28: Three non-Assamese, Biharis, were killed by ULFA terrorists
in Tinsukia district.
November 26: Four non-Assamese, 'Biharis' were killed by ULFA terrorists.
October 27: ULFA terrorists massacred nine persons and injured
12 others in the Nalbari district.
October 23: 15 persons were killed by suspected ULFA terrorists
killed in two separate incidents in Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts.
September 18: A news report stated that in a special joint operation
conducted over a period of two weeks, eighteen ULFA terrorists were
killed in Bhutan.
September 16: Two hundred ULFA terrorists operating in central
Assam’s Nagaon and Morigaon districts surrendered with their ‘commander’
Pranab Bora alias Swapnil Deka Raja.
September 10: An ULFA terrorist, who was the main accused in the
killing of Sanjoy Gosh, General Secretary of an NGO, AVARD-NE, killed
in an encounter in Jorhat.
August 18: Four hardcore ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter
with army in Tinsukia.
August 15: Three hundred ULFA terrorists including one of its top
leaders Lohit Deuri surrendered before Assam’s Chief Minister. A
'commander' of ULFA, Anil Bora alias Basant Phukan killed in an
encounter with police in Dibrugarh.
August 12: Four ULFA terrorists killed in an encounter with army
May 27: ULFA’s ‘Assistant Publicity Secretary’ who was also a Central
Committee leader and the editor of Freedom, Swadhinata Phukan,
alias Kabiranjan Saikia, killed in an encounter with security forces
at Gendheli, Jorhat district.
March 14: Chief Minister Mahanta alleges that Pakistan's High Commissioner
in Bangladesh is playing an active role in sending ULFA terrorists
to Pakistan for arms training.
March 5: The then State Veterinary Minister Hiranya Konwar escaped
an assassination attempt by ULFA terrorists near Moran, Sibsagar
February 27: ULFA terrorists killed the then State PWD and Forest
Minister, Nagen Sharma. Four others were also killed in the attack,
in Nalbari district.
October 2: ULFA attacks Assam Revenue Minister, Dr. Zoii Nath Sharma's
convoy. Sharma escapes unhurt while three Asom Gana Parishad (AGP)
activists and a security guard are killed.
September 24: ULFA kills Dr. Pannalal Oswal, the BJP candidate
for the Dhubri Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) seat, ahead of the polls.
May 11: Seven security force personnel were killed and two others
injured in an ambush laid by ULFA terrorists in Nagaon district.
February 4: ULFA and three other Northeast insurgent groups launch
December 20: Six security force personnel and four civilians killed
in an ambush laid by ULFA terrorists in Dhubri district.
September 28: Seven security force personnel killed in an ambush
laid by ULFA terrorists in Goalpara district.
August 24: Three people killed in a massive bomb blast at Guwahati
railway station. ULFA claims responsibility for the incident.
July 24: 51 ULFA terrorists surrender.
May 15: ULFA warns the Naga terrorist outfit, National Socialist
Council of Nagaland Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) about encroaching on Assamese
territory. The warning follows reported killing of a family member
of a ULFA leader by the NSCN-IM.
July 4: Prominent social activist Sanjoy Ghosh killed by suspected
June 8: Assam Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta escapes a bid
on his life when ULFA terrorists attack his convoy in Guwahati.
August 19: ULFA terrorists kill 13 security force personnel in
three separate attacks.
May 18: ULFA terrorists gun down Ravi Kant Singh, Superitendent
of Police (SP), Tinsukia district.
April 28: Lt. Col. Devendra Tyagi shot dead by ULFA terrorists
in the Kamakhya temple, Guwahati.
April 25: ULFA terrorists kill a local Congress (I) leader and
four others near Margherita town, Tinsukia district.
November 23: Five security force personnel and their civilian driver
killed in a ambush laid jointly by ULFA and Bodo Security Force
August 3: ULFA terrorists kill eight security force personnel in
an ambush in Kamrup district.
November 20: Central government extends ban on ULFA.
June 29: Security forces arrest Pradip Gogoi, the Vice-chairman
July 1: ULFA resumes terrorist activities, abducts 14 people, including
an engineer, a national of (the erstwhile) Soviet Union.
November 28: Central government imposes President’s rule in Assam
as terrorist activities unleashed by ULFA reach unprecedented heights.
The entire State of Assam is declared a "disturbed area"; ULFA banned
under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967; army launches
May 9: ULFA terrorists kill Surendra Paul, a leading tea planter,
causing many tea estate managers to flee the State.