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Adivasi Cobra Force (ACF)

Incidents and Statements involving ACF: 2016 , 2015


Adivasi Cobra Force (ACF), also known as the Adivasi Cobra Militant Force (ACMF) was formed in the second half of the 1990s


The ACF was formed with the purported objective of protecting the Adivasi (tribal) people of Lower Assam through an armed revolution.

Leadership and Area of Operation

Its commander Durga Minz leads the outfit. The other senior members are Xabrias Khakha and Kandu Murmu. The outfit has an estimated strength of 100 terrorists.

Initially formed in the Kokrajhar district, it subsequently widened its activities to the Bongaigaon and Dhubri districts. Since then, it has indulged in sporadic acts of killing and extortion in the area primarily targeting the tea gardens in the three districts.

Linkages and Activities

Even though the outfit is in its nascent stage, a recruitment drive is currently on to expand its strength. According to media reports, in the month of May and June 2001, the outfit managed to extort a huge ransom amount from the people in the Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon and Dhubri districts to continue its training programme in Bhutan. The ACF is reported to maintain links with the Kamatapur Liberation Organisation (KLO), a terrorist outfit based in certain districts of Assam and North Bengal. KLO has also reportedly assisted the ACF in setting up camps along the Bhutanese border. According to intelligence sources, it has also been trying to establish links with a particular militant group in Bihar to procure arms and ammunition. Furthermore, the outfit maintains few camps in the Kokrajhar district of Assam. In the year 2000, security forces destroyed a camp belonging to the outfit along the border of Kokrajhar district.

On September 19, the ACF declared a unilateral cease-fire till January 2002 and urged the government to initiate a dialogue with it. Subsequently, on October 4, 2001, an ACF delegation met the Chief Minister in Guwahati. Since then, there has been no further dialogue with the outfit. Media reports, however, suggest that the outfit has resumed its terrorist activities.

Note:Compiled from news reports and are provisional.





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