Terrorism Update
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Nepal Timeline Year 2004

January 1

12 insurgents, including the vice-chairman of Maoist ‘village government’, surrender at the district administration office in Okhaldhunga.

January 2

United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the German Technical Cooperation (GTC) reportedly suspend their food-for-work programme in Bajura district following Maoist looting at the Phuldev Mandau Village Development Committee (VDC) area on December 28, 2003.

January 3

A group of armed Maoist insurgents kill two workers in the district forest office at Chadranigahapur in Rautahat.

January 4

Three security force (SF) personnel are killed and 26 persons, including eight civilians, are injured when Maoist insurgents ambushed a SF convoy at Jalbire in the Narayanghat-Mugling sector. In the retaliatory fire, one insurgent is killed by the SFs.

January 6

Maoists kill at least two soldiers and injure 10 others during an ambush at Nunthala in the Khotang district.

January 7

World Bank cautions Nepal in its Country Assistance Strategy 2004 – 2007, over the deteriorating security situation and warns that "it would drift into a -failed state- if the eight-year-old Maoist conflict is not resolved in time."

January 9

Police arrests three Indian arms smugglers in eastern Nepal for allegedly supplying arms to the Nepali Maoists.

The ‘economic report’ released by Maoists at Dhungesanghu Village Development Committee (VDC) area in the Taplejung district says that apart from donations, income tax, levy and other taxes, the main source of income for the Maoists is through extortions from tourists and those associated with the tourism industry.

January 12

After an agreement between the Maoists’ student wing ANNISU (R) and school administrations, 35 schools in the Mugu district resume functioning.

January 13

17 Maoist insurgents are killed in separate incidents across the country.

January 15

SFs kill four insurgents, including the Maoist ‘peoples government’ chief, in Hatiya Village Development Committee (VDC) area of Sankhuasabha district.

Maoist insurgents kill the Mayor of Birgunj and member of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), Gopal Giri, at Bahuaari in the Birgunj district.

January 17

Three Maoist insurgents, including a woman cadre, are killed during an encounter at Mulpani VDC area in the Dhading district.

January 18

Maoists kill four SF personnel in the Dadeldhura district and a Nepali Congress activist in Morang district.

January 19

A statement issued by the ‘Eastern Brigade’ of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army (PLA) claims that the insurgents have killed 21 soldiers during the past 72 hours.

January 21

SFs kill at least 14 Maoists in separate incidents, including seven in Laisepai and three at Gongatai area in Dolakha district, two in Singati and one each in Ghatang VDC of Myagdi and Gurjapa in the Dolaka district.

January 22

Nine Maoist insurgents are killed during separate SF operations, including four in the Udaypur district, three in Sindhupalchowk district and one each in Dhading and Kavre district.

January 23

The Human Rights Committee of Nepal Bar Association says that 254 civilians have disappeared in the last four months, including 89 from Biratnagar, 68 each from Kathmandu and Pokhara, 13 from Hetaunda, 10 from Nepalgunj and 6 from Mahendranagar.

January 26

Maoist insurgents abduct at least 150 secondary level school students to participate in their mass meetings from Bannatoli VDC area in the Achham district.

January 28

Home Ministry spokesperson Gopendra Bahadur Pandey says that the Government has launched a ‘Unified Command’ security system in the Kathmandu Valley to systematize the law and order situation and to curb Maoist activities.

Royal Nepal Army (RNA) spokesperson, Deepak Gurung states that the SFs have killed 1270 Maoist insurgents during separate combat operations and 118 SF personnel were also killed since the end of ceasefire on August 27, 2003.

January 31

During the 5th meeting of the Joint Working Group (JWG) between India and Nepal on border management, both sides reiterate their commitment not to allow their respective territories to be used for activities directed against each other and also to curb terrorist activities along the border areas.

February 1

Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) conducts an aerial attack against a Maoist insurgents’ base in the Mahat Village Development Committee (VDC) area of Rukum district.

February 2

Maoists abduct 65 students from different places in the Achham district.

Home Secretary level meeting between India and Nepal begins in Kathmandu to discuss border management and strengthen the extradition treaty.

February 3

Security forces kill six Maoists, including two women cadres, in the Dhanusha, Bardiya and Gorkha districts.

A court in Chennai, India, extends judicial remand of Chandra Prakash Gajurel alias Gaurav, Politburo member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) for two weeks. He was arrested at Chennai Airport on August 20, 2003.

February 4

Prachanda says the CPN-M will accept United Nations mediation or monitoring for a peaceful settlement of the insurgency.

February 6

10 insurgents are killed during different operations by the security forces across the country.

February 7

Seven Maoists are killed in Jhumla district.

February 8

Indian authorities arrest two Maoist leaders, Matrika Prasad Yadav and Suresh Ale Magar, from Lucknow in the State of Uttar Pradesh and repatriated them to Nepalese authorities.

February 11

The Maoists abduct at least 700 people to participate in their ‘anniversary celebrations’ from the Bhaiswale region of Achham district.

February 12

At least ten Maoist insurgents are killed by the troops during separate encounters in the Parsa, Sarlahi, Bara and in Dhading districts.

Home Ministry spokesperson, Gopendra Bahadur Pandey, announces the extension of amnesty programme to the Maoist insurgents and states that more than 340 Maoists have surrendered before the administration.

February 14

King Gyanendra visits the insurgency-affected districts of Rukum and Jajarkot as part of his unofficial tour to mid western Nepal.

13 Maoists are killed during separate clashes with troops in the Sindhuli, Nuwakot, Sunsari, Dhading, Panchtar and Gulmi districts.

February 15

Maoists kill the President of Nepal Maoist Victims’ Association, Ganesh Chilwal, at Bagbazaar in the capital Kathmandu.

February 16

More than 60 Maoists are killed in a SF operation at the Kotbada and Malkot areas of Kalikot district.

February 17

Maoists kill a former member of the National Assembly and chairman of the district committee of the Nepali Congress (Democratic), Khem Narayan Foujdar, at Butaha in the Nawalparasi district.

February 19

Security forces kill seven Maoist insurgents at Pedari in the Banke district.

February 20

Spokesperson of the Home Ministry, Gopendra Bahadur Pandey, says that over 10,000 people have lost their lives during the course of insurgency in the last eight years. 1122 police personnel, 372 Royal Nepal Army soldiers and 172 Armed Police Force personnel are killed during this period. Over 6600 Maoists are killed in the offensives. He further disclosed that 1175 civilians lost their lives in the last eight years.

February 21

Maoists abduct at least 300 students and six teachers from a school at Holeree village in the Rolpa district of western Nepal.

February 23

Maoists abduct at least 200 people from five different VDCs including Thanti, Sodsa, Bindhabasini, Kuskot and Rishidaha in the Achham district.

February 24

The insurgents abduct 44 school teachers from Sugarkhal in the Kailali district, six girls from Dhigomandu area in the Achham district and six other civilians from Nawalparasi district.

February 25

Four French tourists are injured in a land mine blast, allegedly triggered by the Maoists, at Jhalari in Kanchanpur district.

Maoists abduct at least 60 school students from Birendranagar in the Rukum district.

February 26

SFs recover 150 sacks of socket bombs from a Maoist hideout during an operation at Chadikhola jungle in the Rautahat district.

RNA spokesperson Deepak Gurung officially confirms the arrest in India of two Maoist leaders Matrika Prasad Yadav and Suresh Ale Magar.

February 28

Maoists abduct a member of the Raj Parishad (Royal Council) and former Minister, Shekh Sarajul, from his residence at Raghunathpur in the Rauthahat district.

March 1

Maoists announce a ‘People’s government’ in Dang district under Indrajeet Chaudhari as 'chief' and Dama Sharma as 'vice-chief'. Naradmani Pokharel, Sumitra Tharu, Laxmi Chaudhari and Sapana Chaudhari are appointed as ‘members’.

Security forces kill 12 Maoist insurgents during separate operations, including three 'area commanders' and a cadre in Rupandehi, in Doti and Kailali districts.

Two children are killed in a bomb blast at Chuchure in Ramechhap district.

March 3

32 SF personnel and 37 Maoist insurgents are killed (according to a final report by Home Minister Kamal Thapa on March 6) and 23 others injured in fierce fighting between SFs and a group of Maoists, numbering around 1500 to 2000, in the Bhojpur district.

March 4

Two Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) personnel are killed and seven others injured in a Maoist explosion on a security force patrol team at Harioun in the Sarlahi district.

March 5

18 Maoists surrender before the Sindhuli district administration authorities.

March 6

Maoists release Raj Parishad member and former Minister Shekh Sarajul, earlier abducted from the Rauthahat district on February 28.

March 11

Maoists abduct 54 people, including 35 teachers, from the Jogbudha VDC area in Dadeldhura district and 19 students from Gwalichour VDC in the Baglung district.

March 13

Home Ministry spokesperson Gopendra Bahadur Pandey during a press conference says that 2178 people, including 1534 Maoists, 365 security force personnel and 279 civilians, have been killed since the breakdown of cease-fire in August 2003. Further, he stated that 160 police personnel, 147 RNA soldiers and 58 APF officials are killed.

March 14

Maoist insurgents’ sets free teachers and students abducted earlier from Dadeldhura district on March 11.

March 15

Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa while indicating that the Government is ready to hold a dialogue with the Maoists rules out any third party mediation, including that of the UN, in resolving the insurgency.

March 16

11 people are killed in a Maoist triggered landmine explosion at Royal Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve in the Kanchanpur district.

March 17

Maoist chief Prachanda express his willingness to hold talks with the Government under the mediation of UN and International human rights organizations.

March 19

Seven Maoist insurgents are killed and two soldiers are injured during an operation at Ratomate in the Tasrapu VDC area of Dhading district.

March 21

A large number of armed Maoists attack Beni Bazaar, headquarters of the Myagdi district, and capture the jail and a bank. RNA spokesperson Deepak Gurung claims that at least 500 Maoist insurgents are killed and 200 injured during clashes. The Maoists also abduct 33 Government officials from Beni Bazaar.

March 22

Insurgents demand the release of three Maoists leaders, Matrika Prasad Yadav, Suresh Ale Magar and Tilak Sharma alias Himal, from prison in exchange for the 33 Government officers, including Chief District Officer and Deputy Superintendent of Police, abducted by them during clashes at Beni Bazaar in Myagdi district.

March 23

Troops kill at least 50 Maoist insurgents during an air-operation in a forest area of Aargal VDC in the Baglung district.

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan expresses serious concern over the recent escalation of conflict and increasing human rights violations in Nepal.

March 24

In India, Mumbai Police seizes posters urging the Nepali youths of Mumbai to join the Maoist insurgency.

March 25

Maoist leader Prachanda while welcoming UN Secretary General Kofi Annan’s call for peace in Nepal emphasizes the need for UN mediation.

March 27

Home Ministry level talks between India and Nepal agree to restrict the misuse of free movement across the open border areas by illegal elements.

Maoists kill an Army officer, Lieutenant Dhan Bahadur Thapa, at Sohrakhutte in the capital Kathmandu.

March 29

Indian police arrest two Maoist leaders, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) standing committee member and 'Eastern Bureau commander' Mohan Baidhya alias Kiran and Narayan Bikram Pradhan, a teacher and permanent resident of India, at Darjeeling in the Siliguri district of West Bengal.

March 30

Insurgents abduct 40 students from different VDC's in southern Baglung district.

March 31

Insurgents abduct over 1,000 residents from seven VDCs including Toli, Chhatara, Kailashmandu, Barabis, Kuldevmandu, Bamtola and Budhiganga in the south-west Bajura district.

April 1

Five agitating political parties led by Nepali Congress President Girija Prasad Koirala and the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal organize a ‘protest rally’ against the Government and King Gyanendra in Kathmandu.

April 2

Prachanda express support for the anti-King agitation by the political parties and says "Monarchy has tended to take the nation back to the 18th century."

April 3

Maoists set ablaze 18 Indian tankers along the Indo-Nepal border in Kanchanpur district and shot dead three Indians in a separate incident.

April 4

At least nine police personnel are killed in a Maoist attack on Yadukuha Area Police Post in the Dhanusha district.

April 5

Maoist ambush a security force truck and kill three Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) personnel and injure seven others in the Bhakunde Besi area of Kavre district.

April 6

Maoists attack a Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation aircraft at Chainpur airport in Bajhang district.

Insurgents abduct around 1,500 youths from three VDC’s in the Kanchanpur district.

April 9

Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC) in its Human Rights Year Book 2004 states that on an average, twelve persons have been killed every day in insurgency-related incidents since the collapse of cease-fire in August 2003.

April 10

Government introduces the Terrorist and Destructive Act (Control and Punishment) through an Ordinance after securing approval from the King and Council of Ministers.

April 11

Maoists abduct more than 300 civilians from Bagarkot VDC area in Dhadeldhura district to make them participate in a ‘people’s mobilization’ campaign being organised in the insurgent strongholds.

April 12

At least 40 insurgents and seven civilians are killed during the security forces’ air raid in the Binayak region of Accham district.

April 13

During an aerial attack launched by the troops against suspected Maoists, four civilians are killed and 15 others sustain injuries in the Banayak area of Accham district.

April 21

At least eight Maoists and three police personnel are killed during a clash in the Pachok VDC area of Lamjung district.

April 27

Maoist insurgents abduct over 500 civilians, mostly students, from the western districts of Baitadi, Doti and Darchula.

April 29

Maoists release 41 police personnel captured during an attack at Pashupatinagar in the Ilam district on April 9. They were freed at Nundhaki in the Sankhuwasabha district amidst representatives of the International Committee of Red Cross, human rights activists and media personnel.

April 30

The insurgents allegedly abduct at least 700 persons, mostly Dalits (the poorest and most oppressed in the Hindu caste system), from the Baitadi and Dadeldhura districts of western Nepal.

May 3

At least six Maoist insurgents are killed during a clash with the troops in the Lal Ratanpuri forest area of Bara district. Among those killed was Thir Bahadur Khadka, a ‘special company commander’ of the Rauthahat district.

May 4

An armed group of Maoists kill a former captain of the Indian Army, Dev Bahadur Hamal, in the Parbat district.

The Jalpaiguri District Court in the State of West Bengal in India refuses to grant bail to Maoist leader Mohan Baidhya alias Kiran, who was arrested by the Indian police on March 29 from Siliguri.

May 5

Nepal’s donor agencies during a meeting of the Nepal Development Forum (NDF) in Kathmandu indicate that without peace there can be no meaningful development in the country.

May 6

The meeting of Nepal Development Forum (NDF) concludes with a "tentative commitment" from the international donors to provide US $ 560 million to Nepal for the next year.

May 7

The 11-month-old Surya Bahadur Thapa led-Government collapses after the Prime Minister resigned. During an address to the nation, Prime Minister Thapa said, "....I have decided to resign from today." Citing reasons for his resignation, Thapa said he "did not want the current political impasse in the country to continue."

May 8

At least seven Maoist insurgents are killed during separate security forces’ operations in the Nawalparasi district.

May 9

At least 15 persons, including six civilians, are killed and 20 others wounded in the Mainapokhari area of Dolkha district when Maoist insurgents fired at a passenger bus heading towards Kathmandu from Jiri.

May 11

Twelve Maoist insurgents and six soldiers are killed during a clash at Jogimara in the Dhading district.

May 12

At least 24 Maoist insurgents and two soldiers are killed during a clash at Deurali VDC area in the Bhojpur district.

May 13

At least five police personnel are killed during a Maoist insurgents’ attack at Bhawapur in the Bardia district.

May 18

Ninety officials from different Village Development Committees in the Ilam district quit their posts under Maoist threats.

At least 50 teachers are abducted by the insurgents from northern parts of Sarlahi district and taken for 'people's education' training.

May 20

Three insurgents and a soldier are killed during a clash at Pahalmanpur in the Kailali district.

May 24

Troops kill a Maoist 'regional commander' and 'bureau member’ of Gandak region, Mukunda Neupane, in an encounter at Prembasti in the Chitwan district.

May 27

Forty VDC secretaries of Baglung district resign after the Maoists reportedly abducted Jeet Bahadur BK, the secretary of Amalachaur VDC, on May 25.

June 2

Sher Bahadur Deuba is appointed as the new Prime Minister of Nepal.

Police in the eastern Indian State of Bihar arrest 11 Nepalese Maoists, including Chitra Bahadur Shrestha and four other ‘central committee’ members, from Patna. Besides Shrestha, Rajendra Thapa and his wife Ranju, Lokendra Bishta, Min Prasad Chapagain, Anil Sharma and Shyam Yadav were also arrested.

June 4

India’s External Affairs Minister, K Natwar Singh, on his first official visit to Nepal, says India is committed to supporting Nepal in combating its problems. The policy of the new Indian Government is to continue to "extend to the friendly people of Nepal, India’s full support in their endeavour to overcome the challenges confronting their country," said Singh.

June 5

Eight insurgents are killed during clashes with the security forces as they attacked the Gorusinge army barrack and the Armed Police Force (APF) base at Chandrauta in the Kapilavastu district.

According to the Agence France-Presse, Switzerland has proposed to mediate between the Government and the Maoists in an effort to end the conflict.

June 7

Maoist insurgents abduct at least 500 teachers and students from 76 schools in different villages of the Jajarkot district.

June 8

The pro-Maoist Tharuwan Autonomous Region Janaparisad (Maoist 'People's Government') set conditions for Non-Government Organisations operating in the Bardiya district to register with them.

June 9

Maoists kill a Police official, Inspector Karna Bahadur Rawa, in a landmine explosion at Kanachour in the Doti district

15 RNA personnel are wounded during an ambush in Makwanpur district

An unidentified assailant hurls a petrol bomb at the residence of Pakistan’s Ambassador to Nepal, Zamir Akram in Kathmandu.

June 10

Nepal Police arrests four people, including two Pakistanis, with fake Indian currency worth Rupee 0.4 million from the capital Kathmandu.

June 12

Indian police arrests five Nepali Maoists at Ghodasan in the Purbichamparan district of Bihar State.

June 14

At least 22 security force personnel are killed and 16 others sustained injuries in a landmine explosion by the Maoist insurgents at Khairikhola in the Banke district.

June 15

Security forces’ kill 10 insurgents and injure 25 others during an encounter in the Tehrathum district.

Maoists impose ban on Indian Hindi films in the Makwanpur, Dhading, Nuwakot and Rasuwa districts till June 21.

June 17

Maoists issue notices to local businessmen in the Lahan area of Siraha district instructing them not to pay taxes to the Government.

Maoist students’ wing, ANNISU, withdraws its general strike in educational institutions.

June 21

Government withdraws the terrorist designation imposed on ANNISU-R.

British Government delivers two Islander spy-planes to the RNA.

June 24

Dhankuta-based RNA personnel launch security operations in nine districts of eastern Nepal, including Sankhuwasabha, Ilam, Taplejung, Jhapa, Morang, Dhankuta and Sunsari.

June 25

Maoist kill former Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa’s cousin, Ramji Thapa, at Muga in the Dhankuta district.

June 28

Maoist 'People’s Government' in Sindhupalchowk district announces withdrawal of blockade imposed since June 7 on transportation of goods at the Tatopani border as well in the Dhading, Rasuwa and Nuwakot districts.

June 30

The coalition Government releases a 43-point Common Minimum Programme (CMP) in Kathmandu.

At least 10 Maoist insurgents and one security force personnel are killed during separate encounters in the Kaski and Argakhanchi districts.

July 1

At least six soldiers are wounded when a landmine, laid allegedly by Maoist insurgents, exploded at Kharegaire in the Dailekh district.

July 2

The insurgents shot dead the Mayor of Pokhara town and Rashtriya Prajatantra Party leader, Harka Bahadur Gurung, in the Ratnachowk area.

July 5

12 police personnel and a civilian are killed in a land mine ambush laid by the Maoist insurgents at Bindhyabasini village in Parsa district.

Prime Minister Deuba announces a 31-member Council of Ministers and they were sworn in amidst a ceremony at the Royal Palace. It comprises 12 ministers from Nepali Congress (Democratic), 11 from Communist Party of Nepal (UML), five from the Rashtriya Prajatantra Party, one from Nepal Sadhbhawna Party and two ministers appointed from the civil society.

July 5

At least 12 soldiers and an equal number of insurgents are killed and more than a dozen others are injured in a clash near Babai River in the Dang district.

July 8

Security force personnel kill four Maoists, including two women cadres, at Kasigaun in the Gorkha district.

July 11

Troops kill at least seven insurgents in Tarakhola and another in the Baganai area of Banglung district.

July 12

Maoists abduct at least 100 civilians from Sanghu, Dhungsanghu and Niguradin VDC areas in the Taplejung district.

July 14

Four Maoists, including two women cadres, are killed during a security force operation in the Sailungeshwor area of Dolakha district.

July 15

Chairman of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Peasants Association (Revolutionary), Bharat Dhungana, and ‘central committee’ member of the All Nepal National Independent Students Union (Revolutionary), Baikuntha Pokharel, are killed during a SF operation in the Dhading district.

July 16

Sujit Mandal, chief of the Maoist 'people's government' at Kapileswor in the Dhanusha district, is killed during a security force operation.

July 19

During a press conference in Kathmandu, Government spokesperson and Minister for Information and Communication, Dr Mohammad Mohsin, states that the Government has formed a talks committee to start the peace process with the Maoists.

July 20

Chief of the Maoist insurgents, Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Comrade Prachanda, says that there was no possibility for an immediate ceasefire or talks unless the Government was ready for a Constituent Assembly and United Nations mediation to solve the armed conflict.

July 21

At least three security force personnel are killed in an ambush laid by Maoist insurgents at Chorkhola in the Shivepur VDC area of Kapilavastu district.

July 23

Three insurgents, including 'section commander' Bisham, are killed in a clash with the security forces at Dhudupani in the Ganeshthan VDC area of Nuwakot district.

July 27

Maoist-affiliated organizations, the Kirant Workers Party and Madhesi National Liberation Front, severe ties with the insurgents.

During a meeting in Kathmandu, Minister for Population and Environment, Bachaspati Devkota, says that Government is ready for peace talks with the Maoists and ruled out the possibility of a unilateral cease-fire from the Government side.

July 28

At least 17 civilians and two soldiers sustain injuries during a Maoist attack at Sadarline in the Nepalgunj district.

July 29

Security forces kill three Maoists while they were trying to escape from detention at Mithileshwor in the Dhanusha district.

An armed group of insurgents kill three civilians accusing them of spying on their activities at Lohaiar VDC area in the Saptari district.

August 1

Maoists kill three security force personnel and injure another in a land mine blast at Madanpokhara VDC area in Palpa district.

Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) General Secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal, states that he would pull out of the ruling four-party coalition if the Government failed to hold peace talks with the insurgents soon.

August 2

Maoist insurgents kill the former Mayor of Guleriya Municipality, Rajendra Shrivastav, in Bardiya district.

August 4

Insurgents kill two police personnel in a landmine explosion and injure another in the Chakratirtha VDC area of Gorkha district.

August 5

At least 12 insurgents are killed and more than 12 others sustain injuries during security force operations that targeted a Maoist camp at Toribari on the border of Sarlahi and Sindhuli districts.

August 6

Indian security forces extradite two Nepali Maoists, identified as Narendra Kurmi and Om Prakash Loda, and handed them over to Nepali authorities in Bardia district. The two were allegedly involved in the murder of former Mayor of Gularia Municipality, Rajendra Prasad Srivastav.

August 8

An army personnel is shot dead and two others sustain injuries in a Maoist attack on the Mangalgadhi barracks in the Birendra municipality of Nepalgunj district.

A group of armed insurgents kill two civilians, identified as Kul Bahadur Rai and Laxmimaya Rai, at the Shitalpati VDC area in Sankhuwasabha district on charges of being informers for the security forces.

August 10

At least five Maoist insurgents, including three women cadres, are killed in a clash with the troops at Adichowr in the Bajura district.

August 12

Two civilians die during a bomb explosion carried out by suspected Maoist insurgents in the Sunaula Bazaar area of Dhading district.

At a press conference after the meeting of the Council of Ministers in Kathmandu, Government spokesperson Mohammad Mohsin announces the formation of a High-level Peace Committee Nepal headed by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and represented by the top leaders of the political parties participating in the coalition.

August 13

Three RNA personnel are killed in a clash with the Maoists at Ratanpur in the Kanchanpur district.

August 16

Maoist sources reportedly admit that they had executed journalist and human rights worker, Dekendra Raj Thapa, in the Dailekh district on August 11, alleging him of working against the insurgents ‘people’s regime’.

According to Nepal News, the Maoists have abducted 650 students and teachers from Tilpung in the Ramechhap district.

August 17

Citing security reasons and threat from the Maoists, 89 VDC secretaries of Rautahat district resign en masse.

A Maoist ‘people’s court’ issues ‘execution order’ to ten journalists, including two from the Kantipur publication.

August 18

Maoists begin an indefinite blockade of the capital Kathmandu.

August 19

The insurgents kill three civilians, identified as Makhu Lodha, Naghu Lodha and Prasad Yadav, in the Ama VDC area of Rupandehi district.

August 21

In Jumla district, the security forces kill at least five insurgents during a clash at Kalanga.

A supply committee is formed under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister Bharat Mohan Adhikari and five other ministers to monitor supply management to the Kathmandu valley in lieu of the Maoist blockade of the capital.

August 24

The insurgents call off their weeklong blockade of the capital Kathmandu for a period of one month from August 25. A joint statement issued by the leaders of joint ‘People’s governments’ of the five districts surrounding Kathmandu said they had decided to postpone their strike keeping in view of the requests made by general public, civil society and human rights community.

Five RNA personnel are killed and another sustains injuries during a clash with the Maoist insurgents at Chehere in the Sindhupalchowk district.

August 26

Indian security forces discover a training center being run by the Nepali Maoists in the forest areas of Chorgaliya and Hanspur at the Nainital district in the Indian State of Uttaranchal.

August 28

Maoists kill two Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) soldiers who were on guard in front of Nepal Telecom office at Ward No. 7 of Butwal Municipality in Butwal district.

At least three civilians are killed and three others sustain injuries in a landmine blast triggered by the Maoists at Namdu Danda in the Dolakha district.

August 31

The Islamist Army of Ansar al-Sunna is reported to have killed the twelve Nepalese who they had taken hostage in Iraq on August 20.

The Nepalese Government is reported to have made public the modalities of the high-level Peace Committee.

September 1

The local administration in various districts imposes curfew in many places including in Kathmandu, Lalitpur, southern and eastern Terai districts and at Anarmani, Birtamod in Jhapa district, following violence targeting the Muslim community after 12 Nepalese hostages were killed in Iraq on August 31.

September 2

Security forces kill three Maoist insurgents during search operations at Bankatti in the Banke district.

September 5

During an encounter between Maoist insurgents and the troops, at least six Maoists, including two central leaders, identified as central member and Maoist in-charge for Ramechhap, Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk districts, Kumar Poudel, and 'Commissar' of 'Solu-Salleri Brigade' in the eastern region, Sherman Kuwar alias Bishal, are killed at Kalyanpur in the Siraha district.

September 6

Five Nepali Maoists are killed by Indian villagers at Latakniya in the Guleriya district along the Nepal-India border.

September 10

Maoist insurgents trigger a bomb explosion killing two police personnel and injuring eight civilians while targeting a police check post at Anchalpur in the Bhairahawa district.

September 12

India and Nepal expressed their determination to jointly combat terrorism. The Indian assurance was contained in a joint statement issued at the end of the five-day visit of the Nepalese Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba.

September 13

The security forces kill, during separate incidents, two Maoist insurgents in the Dailekh district and one ‘area commander’, identified as Prabhat, in the Dhankuta district.

September 14

Troops kill five Maoists during an encounter at Nicha in the Solukhumbu district.

September 15

After a month-long shut down, around 47 industries and joint venture companies resume their work. The Government, Maoists-workers union, All Nepal Trade Union Federation (ANTUF), and the industrialists reach an agreement and announced that they had been able to gather separate commitments from all three sides so as to allow the industries to resume operations.

Nepal News, quoting British Broadcasting Corporation, says that the insurgents have threatened to use human bombs and attack Indian leaders if India went ahead with its plan to provide military assistance to Nepal.

September 16

Maoist insurgents kill two police personnel, identified as Binaya Kumar Dewan and Prem Rai, in the Jhapa district.

September 18

A security force patrol team kills at least four insurgents during a clash at Banardiya in the Kapilavastu district.

September 19

Maoist spokesperson, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, says the insurgents did not see any rationale for holding talks with the Sher Bahadur Deuba-led Government "that did not have any authority." He also expressed concern over the prospects of increasing foreign intervention in Nepal as the on-going conflict intensifies.

September 20

At least seven insurgents, including a ‘section commander’ identified as Rima Manju, and two women cadres are killed in a clash with the security forces at Bhagatpur in the Siraha district.

September 21

Security forces kill eight Maoists in separate incidents, including six at Lamkifata in the Kailali district and two others near Dharan in Sunsari district.

September 22

The high-level Peace Committee under Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba officially calls on the Maoists for peace talks.

September 23

Maoist insurgents reject the Government’s offer for peace talks. Spokesperson, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, during an interview with a private radio channel said the insurgents had already decided not to hold talks with the Government under present circumstances and that there was no possibility of dialogue as "foreign interference in the country continued and all the organs of the state were in a state of surrender."

September 27

Security force personnel shot dead at least three Maoist insurgents at Modi in the Okhaldhunga district.

September 28

At least 12 insurgents are killed during search operations launched by security forces in different parts of the country. The troops reportedly killed four insurgents at Suryapura in the Rupandehi district, three each at Sankhuwasabha and Hasandaha in Morang district and one each in the Dhanusha and Kailali districts during the last two days.

September 29

At least eight Maoists, including one ‘area commander’, are killed in clashes with the security forces during separate incidents in the Banke and Sindhupalchowk districts.

October 2

Six Maoist insurgents are killed in a security operation in the Sonigama area of Dhanusha district.

October 3

Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba states in Pokhara district that the Government would hold general elections by the end of the year if the Maoists failed to come to the negotiating table.

October 4

Maoists announce an indefinite strike in all major industries in the Udaypur district.

October 5

Maoists trigger bomb explosions at a programme of a pro-left wing party, Jana Morcha Nepal (People's Front Nepal), and injure five of its activists, including the central committee member Lekha Raj Regmi, at Makundada in Dang district.

The CPN (UML) general secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal urges Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba to focus on the peace process rather than elections.

Home Minister, Purna Bahadur Khadka, says the Government is ready to talk to the Maoists on any issue except multiparty democracy and constitutional monarchy.

October 6

Nepal Police arrests a lawyer, Laxmi Prasad Aryal for possessing equipments used for making bombs and various Maoist-related documents, from Siddharthanagar in the Bhairawa district.

Former peace talks’ facilitator and Speaker of the House of Representatives, Daman Nath Dhungana, says peace negotiations with the Maoists is impossible unless the King hands over his executive power.

October 7

United States Deputy Assistant Secretary for South Asian Affairs, Donald Camp, meets the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) general secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal, and Chief Election Commissioner Keshab Raj Rajbhandari and discusses the plausibility of peace talks with the Maoists.

October 8

Maoists withdraw their strike, which was imposed from October 3, on public transport in the Udaypur district.

CPN (UML) general secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal says, "If intervention by foreign power takes place, it will be the Maoists that will suffer the most" and urges for declaration of a unilateral cease-fire by the Government.

NC leader, GP Koirala and RPP leader, Surya Bahadur Thapa, in a public meeting in Kathmandu criticize Prime Minister Deuba’s remarks that the government would go for elections if the Maoists do not come over to the table of negotiations.

October 9

Maoists set free three security personnel in Kharibot of Salyan district. They also release 98 out of the 100 People’s Front Nepal (PFN) activists and leaders abducted from Chhapchour area in the Gulmi district.

October 10

Indian Special Services Bureau (SSB) personnel recover nearly 2,000 kilograms of explosives from a godown in Sunauli along the Nepal-India border.

All educational institutions in Kanchanpur district shut down after the Maoist affiliated students organization, ANNISU-R, announces an indefinite strike.

October 11

The security forces kill three Maoists, including two 'regional level members' and one 'area member' at Juluke in Arghakhanchi district.

Prime Minster Deuba rejects the prospects of third party mediation in the proposed peace negotiations with Maoists.

Seven-member investigation committee headed by Joint Secretary in the Home Ministry, Narayan Gopal Malegu, submit the report on whereabouts of 126 people, to the Nepal Home Ministry.

October 12

Indian security forces arrest a Maoist leader of Ilam district from the city of Darjeeling in the State of West Bengal.

Minister for Education, Bilendra Nidhi, rules out the possibility of a unilateral cease-fire from the Government’s side and says "the government never declared war, so there is no question of unilateral ceasefire.

An eleven-member Citizen Peace Commission (CPC) is formed to create environment for peace talks between the Government and the Maoists.

October 13

Nepal promulgates the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Control and Punishment) Ordinance.

A habeas corpus order over the detention of two Maoist central leaders, Matrika Yadav and Suresh Ale Magar is filed in the Supreme Court by an NGO activist Bishwonath Yadav, from Chhinnamasta, Saptari district.

October 14

Army launches operation, ‘Simarekha' in the three mid-western districts of Rolpa, Rukum and Pyuthan districts.

October 16

RNA conducts a massive military operation against Maoist training camps in Myagdi, Baglung, Gulmi and Arghakhanchi districts.

October 16

According to a report, Maoists abduct at least 150 youths from Baglung district during the last four days.

October 17

Maoists attack a rally organized by the Jana Morcha Nepal (People’s Front Nepal-PFN) and abduct 52 PFN activists at Nishi village in Baglung district.

October 19

US Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, Arthur E. Dewey demands a dignified repatriation of the Bhutanese refugees by the Nepal government.

October 20

Maoists announce a temporary cease fire from October 20 to 28 and the government too decides not to launch any offensive against them during the period.

RNA chief Pyar Jung Thapa expresses dissatisfaction over the Government announcement of ceasefire and says "we need to continue military actions to maintain security in the country and to create an environment conducive for the resolution of the problem."

October 21

United Nations Secretary-General, Kofi Annan welcomes the decision by Maoists and the Government of Nepal to suspend operations during the festival season.

October 25

The security forces rescue 20 men and 16 women from the Maoist insurgents’ captivity from Gamaudi VDC in Dailekh district.

Following a joint meeting, Indian and Nepalese police and administrative officials agree to enhance cooperation in curbing terrorist and criminal activities in the bordering parts of Terai.

A senior Maoist insurgent leader, Amir Sundas arrested by the Jalpaiguri police personnel in Indian state of West Bengal.

October 28

PM Deuba rules out the possibility of extending the period of 'truce' with the Maoist rebels.

October 29

Maoist loot 35 sets of solar panels worth over one million rupees from porters at Salle area of Pokhari VDC in Gaighat district.

October 30

Four Maoist insurgents including two women cadres are killed during military operations at Sangthaka VDC in Taplejung district.

Maoists ban the activities of the NGOs working in Doti district.

October 31

An estimated 1000 Maoist insurgents attack Gamgadhi, the headquarters of Mugu district.

Maoists attack and destroy government offices in Humla and Jajarkot and Dolpa districts.

November 1

Prime Minister’s Office and the Ministry for Defense, in a written statement to the Supreme Court’s (SC) query, explains that Maoist leader Matrika Yadav is safe in government’s custody.

Maoists re-impose their 'indefinite blockade' on the district headquarters of Baitadi.

Minister for Forest and Soil Conservation, Badri Prasad Mandal, announces that the government was preparing to hold elections as per directions from the King and says "peace talks cannot be the obstacle for polls."

Pakistan Prime Minister, Shaukat Aziz, during his visit to Nepal, extends full support to the efforts of Nepal in combating terrorism and expresses his concerns with the Nepali counterpart Sher Bahadur Deuba over the internal issues.

November 2

British Ambassador to Nepal Keith Bloomfield asserts that none of the British government-supported programmes in Nepal would be withdrawn because of Maoist threats.

November 3

Three security personnel are injured during a clash with Maoist insurgents in the western district of Palpa.

Maoists loot a passenger bus and 10 trucks at Loyar Khola in Chitwan district.

November 4

Security forces kill three Maoists, including a woman cadre, during an encounter at Takumaj Lankuribot VDC in Gorkha district.

Nepal Police arrest Kathmandu valley ‘commander’ of the CPN-M, Sadhuram Devkota alias Prashant from Bhotebahal area in Kathmandu.

Rajdhani daily report quoting Maoist sources state the insurgents have threatened ‘to attack and destroy the mid-western regional headquarters of Birendranagar in Surkhet district.’

November 5

Maoists set ablaze a vehicle belonging to the Mid-Marsyangdi Hydropower Project and explode four bombs targeting some more vehicles at Khahare Khota in Udaipur VDC in Lamjung district.

November 7

Maoists declare a two-day general strike in Banke and Bardiya districts to protest the killing of Banke district president of the Maoist affiliated Madhesi Liberation Front.

Security forces kill five Maoist insurgents in separate incidents in Gorkha and Doti districts.

Maoists kidnap 10 children from Bindhvabasini VDC of Dailekh district.

Two Maoists, Rekha Rai and Madhukar Sarki are arrested in Jalpaiguri in West Bengal, India.

November 8

On Constitution Day, King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev says that constitutional monarchy and multiparty democracy are articles of faith and commitment for the Nepalese people.

November 9

Indian Special Security Bureau (SSB) forces launch a new campaign to control arms smuggling and deploy troops along the Indian border near Jhapa district.

Suspected Maoists detonate bombs in two places in Kathamandu Valley and injure 40 civilians.

RNA eastern division chief, Pradip Pratap Bam Malla says at least 3,000 RNA personnel and 24 check posts will be added within four months in the eastern divison.

Maoists introduce ‘new tax’ system in Rolpa, Rukum and Salyan district for those leaving for foreign countries for employment.

November 10

Government Spokesperson and Minister for Information and Communication Minister, Mohammad Mohsin says in an interview that the country will soon experience an authoritarian government, if the current government fails to bring the Maoists to the negotiating table.

November 11

Maoists kill Deputy Superintendent of Police Hemraj Regmi in front of his residence in Butwal municipality-6 in Rupandehi district.

Report says Calcutta High Court in Indian State of West Bengal has recently ruled to provide Mohan Baidya, senior Maoist politburo member, the status of a political prisoner.

November 13

Official sources say security forces have launched air operations targeting two Maoist bases in the hilly districts of Sankhuwasabha and Tehrathum in eastern Nepal.

November 16

Insurgents block the Mahendra highway at Agaiya between Kusum and Shumsergunj of Banke district by cutting off trees across the road.

Six security force personnel and two Maoist insurgents are killed near the Musuriya forest at Pahalmanpur VDC in Kailali district.

November 17

Eight Armed Police Force personnel are killed, one dozen others injured and over two dozen were reported to be missing after Maoist insurgents detonate landmines at Khari Khola along the Mahendra highway in Banke district.

November 18

Maoists declare completion of their ‘offensive’ along the Mahendra Highway.

Maoists spokesperson, Krishna Bahadur Mahara says fight with ‘Indian expansionism’ is a must to ensure victory of the ‘People’s War’ in Nepal.

RNA spokesperson, Deepak Gurung says at least 2,700 Maoist insurgents are killed and nearly 500 more are suspected to have been killed during security operations since the breakdown of the ceasefire on August 27, 2003.

Home Ministry spokesperson, Gopendra Bahadur Pandey, says over 1593 civilians, 6500 Maoists, 1265 policemen and 254 Armed Police Force have been killed since the Maoist insurgency was launched in 1996 in Nepal.

November 20

Maoist insurgents kill three villagers, including an eight-year-old boy, and abduct over two-dozen others in Dailekh district.

In Achham district, Maoists force more than 10,000 civilians to accept the CPN-M’s part time membership.

November 21

At least 10 security force personnel and over 16 Maoist insurgents killed in an overnight clash at Khimdi area in Pandaun VDC of Kailali district.

All Nepal National Independent Students Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) leaders, Ramesh Subedi and Vice-President Bishnu Pradhan are killed during a security force action at Gauradaha in Jhapa district.

November 22

Supreme Court orders the Prime Minister’s Office and the Cabinet (PMO) to clarify on what ground Maoist leader Matrika Yadav has been detained and direct the PMO to produce the case-file before the bench.

November 27

CPN-M Chairman, Prachanda, rejects the peace talks offer of the Government and terms the government’s move as ‘conspiracy’.

November 29

Maoists announce district-wide general strike in Rupandehi from November 30 to December 1.

Maoist insurgents assault half a dozen women, accusing them of inspiring males to participate in anti-Maoist programs in Damek VDC in Baglung district. They also attack and injure male members who try to rescue the women.

November 30

Maoist insurgents detonate a series of bomb explosions in Rupandehi district, on the eve of the second International Buddhist Conference.

The Rupandehi District Organisation Committee of the CPN-M withdraw their two-day general strike in the district and declare a unilateral ceasefire in the district for three days, starting from November 30.

The CPN-UML decides to stay in the Sher Bahadur Deuba-led coalition government following a standing committee meeting of the Party.

December 2

At least five Maoist insurgents are killed during clashes with the security forces at Dhapa in the Tirhtekot area of Syangja district.

December 4

Six security force personnel are killed and three others sustain injuries when Maoist insurgents attacked an army patrol near Surai Naka along the Mahendra highway in the western district of Kapilavastu.

December 5

Two civilians are killed and over a dozen injured in an indiscriminate firing by a group of Maoists at a bus at Sainawar in the western district of Bardia.

December 7

At least four civilians and six Maoist insurgents are killed in a clash between the troops and insurgents in Bangresal, a bordering area between the Pyuthan and Arghakhanchi districts.

December 8

During a press conference in Kathmandu, the Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) spokesperson, Brigadier General Deepak Gurung, states that over 2768 Maoists were killed during security operations, while RNA lost 304 soldiers in sporadic encounters with the insurgents since the last truce was broken on August 27, 2003. Further, Gurung said that about 1380 insurgents have surrendered, in accordance with the amnesty policy adopted by government towards them since August 26, 2004.

December 9

At least 19 Maoist insurgents are killed during clashes between the security forces and Maoists at Lapchane in the Ramechhap district. A police personnel and an eight-year old girl also died during these clashes.

December 12

Security forces claim to have killed over a dozen Maoists after air raids were launched in the three village development committees (VDCs) of Naumule, Toli and Salleri in the Dailekh district.

December 15

At least 21 RNA personnel and six Maoists are killed in an exchange of fire at Sisnekhola in the Sidwara VDC area of Arghakhanchi district.

RNA sources claim that its personnel foiled a Maoist attempt to destroy the repeater station and over dozen insurgents were killed during the subsequent clash at Bhirpastung in the Lamjung district.

December 16

At least 17 Maoist insurgents, including five women cadres, and two civilians are killed during a security forces’ operation at Naumule in the Dailekh district.

December 18

Four police personnel, including an inspector, are killed and three others sustain injuries when Maoists attacked the Ilaka Police Post at Sankhu near capital Kathmandu.

Troops kill six persons belonging to the student wing of the Communist Party of Nepal–Maoist (CPN-M), the All Nepal National Independent Students' Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R), in the Sanischare area of Morang district.

December 21

The Nepal Electricity Authority, quoting advice from the German consultant Fischner, suspends construction work on the 70 MW Mid-Marsyangdi Hydel project in western Nepal for an indefinite period.

Deputy Prime Minister, Bharat Mohan Adhikari, says that the Government would remove the terrorist designation and red corner notices on the Maoists as soon as the insurgents agreed to have a dialogue.

December 22

Five soldiers, five civilians and eight Maoists are killed and several others sustain injuries when a group of insurgents attacked an army patrol at Karnali-Chisapani in the Bardiya district.

December 23

At least 22 insurgents and two soldiers are killed during a clash at Suryanaka in the western district of Arghakhanchi.

A group of Maoist insurgents are reported to have abducted at least 200 students from the Badimalika Higher Secondary School at Sugarkhal in the far-western district of Kailali.

December 24

Government spokesperson and Minister of Information and Communications, Mohammed Mohsin, is reported to have said that the Government could be forced to declare a state of emergency if the Maoists continued their indefinite blockades in different parts of the country.

December 26

Four insurgents are killed while trying to escape from the security forces’ custody at Jilibarang in the Parbat district.

In a statement issued on the occasion of the 111th birth anniversary of Mao Tse Tung, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) ‘chairman’, Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, reportedly said, "Our party expresses strong commitment to the idea of the dictatorship of the proletariat that had evolved during the course of the great cultural revolution initiated and led by Comrade Mao."

December 28

Security force personnel reportedly shot dead at least four Maoist insurgents during a clash near Chauraha in the Banke district.

December 29

The Maoists withdraw the weeklong blockade they had imposed on various highways, including the Prithvi and Tribhuvan highways leading to capital Kathmandu.





Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.

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