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Nepal Timeline - 2007

January 1

Maoists padlocked the Village Development Committee (VDC) offices of Dharampur and Topgachhi in the Jhapa district.

January 2

The US Ambassador to Nepal, James F. Moriarty, said that the US Government would not remove the terrorist tag on the Nepali Maoists, as the Maoists had not yet proved that they have given up violence.

January 3

Maoists, reportedly, are extracting ‘taxes’ in construction materials supply, rural roads and other internal resources of the Kaski District Development Committee (DDC).   

Around 11 of the United Nations arms monitors arrived in Nepal to initiate the process of monitoring of management of arms and armies from January 7.

January 4

Dissident members of the Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist-Leninist (CPN-ML), led by a party member Raj Bantawa, organised the Party's Third National Convention, bringing the Party on the verge of split.

The Joint Monitoring Coordination Committee (JMCC) of the Agreement on Management and the Monitoring of Arms and Armies selected Bhim Bahadur Gurung as Commander and Karna Bahadur Pradhan as the Deputy-commander of the 111 British and Indian ex-servicemen.

January 5

Maoists chief Prachanda said his Party would organise street protests if the Government fails to issue a provisional constitution in the next eight days to pave way for them to join an interim cabinet.

January 7

A meeting of the Maoists' Ilam District Committee decided to give the VDC Secretaries limited assignments like distributing the citizenship certificates and updating the voters' lists.

Chandra Prakash Mainali, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal - Marxist Leninist (CPN-ML) was ousted from the ordinary membership of the Party by a dissident faction led by Rishi Kattel in a separate Third National Convention. Kattel was elected by the dissident faction as the new General Secretary.

January 8

Top leaders of the ruling Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and the CPN-M agreed to promulgate the interim constitution and form the interim legislature on January 15, formally opening the doors for Maoists to join the political mainstream. 

January 9

Six women cadres of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) reportedly fled from the outfit’s Chulachuli-based headquarters in Ilam district on January 8-9 due to hard routine in the camp, irregularities in getting salary and inappropriate management of the camps.

January 10

Maoists turned back police personnel from different villages of the Rukum and Humla districts. Maoists also involved locals to turn back police personnel from the area Police Posts at Bafikot and Simli in the Rukum district. They also obstructed the way of the police personnel to the Police Post at Jagtipur in the Jajarkot district.

January 11

Maoists continued to collect NR 100 as 'taxes' from tourists who come to the Annapurna region, considered one of the best trekking routes in the world.

Maoists threw away all preparatory goods and articles belonging to the Police Posts at Bhotechaur VDC in the Dang district and Chautara in the Sindhupalchowk district and pressurised the police personnel to turn back from the village.

January 12

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula said that the Maoists’ arms would be locked up in containers by January 29.

Two reinstated police posts at Khairi Chandanpur in Rajapura and another in Baniyabhara of Bardiya districts were displaced after Maoists attacked them.

January 13

Maoists assaulted and subsequently abducted two persons, Devendra Mishra and his son Manish, in the Kapilvastu district.

Maoists padlocked the house of Sher Bahadur Poudel, a Schoolteacher at Phalidang Primary of Deurali Village Development Committee of Bhojpur district, after he refused to give them an amount equal to his 12 day's salary. 

January 14

Maoists padlocked the office of Khandbari micro-hydropower project in Sankhuwasabha district, jointly run by the Madi, Barun and Sankhuwasabha campuses, as the campuses refused to pay 25 percent of the total profit of the project to the Maoists.

A meeting of the Council of Ministers approved the draft interim constitution, which will be tabled in the Parliament on January 15 for promulgation.

January 15

All 83 Maoist representatives, along with other Members of Parliament, were sworn in marking their entry in to the Parliament. The first sitting of the Parliament unanimously endorsed the Interim Constitution, which replaced the Constitution of 1990.

January 16

A Police team was stopped at Lunkhudeurali area and another at Kurgha Village Development Committee by the Maoists when they were heading for the inner hinterlands of the Parbat district to provide security to Government teams distributing citizenship certificates.

January 18

The Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist (CPN-M) elected Krishna Bahadur Mahara as the leader of the Party in the interim legislature. Dev Gurung was elected as the deputy leader in the Parliament while Dina Nath Sharma and Janardan Sharma were elected as Chief Whip and Whip, respectively.

Maoists decided to dissolve all of their people's government, people's courts and communes across the country.

A special meeting of the Council of Ministers decided to release additional NR 70 million for the management of seven main cantonment sites and 21 sub-camps of the Maoists.

January 19

An activist of the Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum (MJF) of Siraha district was shot dead by the Maoists in a clash that led to firing. The clash occurred when the MJF activists tried to stop two mini-buses, in which Maoists were traveling, ignoring the bandh (strike) called by the MJF.

United States (US) ambassador to Nepal, James F Moriarty, reiterated the US Government’s position that the Maoists should not be inducted in the interim cabinet before the process of arms management is completed in a credible manner.

January 20

Three police personnel were injured when a group of around 500 Maoists stormed the Area Police Post at Patbhar in the Bardiya district and chased them away.

Activists of the Maoist-affiliated Nepal Hotel and Restaurant Workers' Association in Kavre called 200 hotel workers out of their offices and padlocked nine hotels and resorts in Dhulikhel for an indefinite period, accusing the management of hotels of not providing basic facilities to workers.

January 21

Notwithstanding Party chairman Prachanda's directives to dissolve all Maoist people's court and government, a Maoist kangaroo court in Kailali slapped NR 115,000 fine to a local person.

January 23

The registration process of Maoist insurgents was temporarily halted in the Chitwan district after the United Nations (UN) team refused to register some combatants owing to their apparent underage and physical structure. The UN team refused to register those Maoists who seemed to be in age bracket of 12 to 15 – but the team was pressurised to register them as 18 year olds.

January 26

A group of Maoists abducted three locals, identified as Purna Bahadur Oli, Mok Bahadur Oli and Durga Bahdur Oli, from their residences in the Dhakeri Village Development Committee area in the Banke district.

January 28

The United Nations arms monitoring team completed the registration of all Maoist arms and troops at the cantonment site at Shaktikhor in the Chitwan district, and handed over the keys of the arms containers to the Maoists.

February 7

Maoist leader Prachanda called for the immediate abolition of the country's monarchy, accusing King Gyanendra of trying to undermine a peace deal that threatens his throne. Prachanda told AFP, "He has not got enough power to control the country again, but he has the power to create problems."

February 9

Maoist cadres decamped with the voters’ lists and other documents from the Kavre VDC area of Dolakha district. Maoists forced the officials to enlist their cadres’ names, who were from other districts.

Maoists seized all voters' list documents from the Salyantar VDC area of Dhading district protesting that they were not included in the voters' list collection task.

The Kathmandu-based Industrial Security Group (ISG) – which comprises of representatives of the Embassies of France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the Delegation of the European Commission, along with their bilateral Chambers of Commerce – urged the Maoists to cease violence, abductions and extortion.

February 10

Maoist insurgents attacked leaders of Rashtriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) and foiled their programme being held at Besisahar in the Lamjung district. Following the attack, 20 RPP workers, including Hemjung Gurung, the President of RPP-Lamjung, were injured.

Maoists abducted some school students and took them towards the district headquarters in Dhadingbesi to make them participate in the Maoist's central level meeting at Kathmandu on February 13.

Students of the All Nepal National Independent Student Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) vandalised a statue of the late King Mahendra at Mahendranagar Chowk in the Kanchanpur district.

February 12

The citizenship certificate distribution team deployed in the Siddharthanagar municipality of Rupandehi district halted their work following interference by the Maoists. The team members said that the insurgents threatened them to work as per their order, and pressurised them to immediately distribute certificates to persons with recommendation from their party cadres.

Finance Minister Ram Sharan Mahat said that the Government has no knowledge of how the Maoists are spending money released by the Government. Mahat revealed that the Government has released NR 350 million to the Maoists at various intervals for ration, logistic and other needs of the People’s Liberation Army personnel, adding, "But, the Maoists have not submitted the details of expenses incurred so far from the fund."

February 16

Media reports indicate that Maoists have been collecting money at Kabeli, Ranke and other places in Panchthar district demanding NR 1000 each from the drivers of buses, trucks and other heavy vehicles and NR 500 from each taxi driver.

February 18

Maoists abducted family members of a civilian identified as Nanibabu Karki, from his residence in the Bouddh area of Kathmandu district.  

February 19

Three persons, including two Maoists, were injured in a clash between locals and Maoists over the issue of distribution of citizenship certificates in the Khanar area of Sunsari district.

Maoists captured a house of Dhirendra Shah, one of the royal family members at Nepalgunj in the Banke district saying that the ruling SPA and their party have agreed to nationalise the properties of royal family.  

Maoists declared that they have plans to collect NPR three million from district dwellers of Nawalparasi within five days.

February 21

Nearly 3,000 Maoist cadres in the Third Division of the PLA based in Shaktihkor in Chitwan district, left their cantonment as they did not have basic facilities including food and pure drinking water in the camp.

February 22

At least 900 PLA cadres under the third division kept at Shaktikhor in Chitwan district left the cantonment.

A United Nations (UN) report has documented the recruitment of 155 children in all five regions of Nepal by the Maoists after the ceasefire was declared in April 2006. According to the report, 40 per cent of them were girls and most of those children were enrolled in schools at the time of their recruitment.

February 23

At least 15 persons were injured in a clash between the Maoists and MJF activists at Bhairahawa in the Rupandehi district. The injured include four Maoists, three MJF activists, two policemen and six civilians.

Six persons were injured in a clash between Maoists and the activists of the Jay Krishna Goit-led Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) when the Maoists tried to open shops at Sarmujawa bazaar in the Rautahat district.

February 25

Ten persons — six Maoist cadres and four civilians — were injured in a clash between Maoists and civilian population at Belauri Bazaar of Shreepur VDC in Kanchanpur district.  

Government agreed to provide NR 50 million for the management of Maoist cantonments along with a daily allowance of NR 60 to each PLA combatant. 

February 26

An activist of MJF, identified as Jille Ram Yadav, who was injured during a clash with Maoist cadres near Khairapur in Bardiya district on February 25, succumbed to his injury.

February 27

Two MJF activists identified as Koili Kori and Khohade Kori, who were inured in the clash with the Maoists at Puraini VDC area in the Banke district succumbed to their injuries.

February 28

Media reports indicate that Maoists are involved in collecting donations from shop owners, industrialists and vehicles plying on different road sections of the Mahendra highway for their mass meeting to be organised in Dhangadhi on March 2.

Two MJF activists were injured in a scuffle with Maoists at Gulariya in the Bardiya district.

A group of around 100 armed men calling themselves members of ‘Madhesi Tigers’ abducted 11 persons from Koshi Tapu area near Bharadawa in Saptari district.

March 1

Maoists cadres entered into the Gaighat bazaar, district headquarter of Udaypur district with sophisticated weapons including AK-47 rifles, SLR, INSAS and Short Machine Guns.

In Parbat district, a member of the PLA Him Lal Puri was arrested with a gun and two bullets of SLR but later released following pressure from Maoists.

Maoists in Bansar VDC of the Lamjung district assaulted NC leaders and activists after the latter reached the village with their party's public awareness campaign.

March 4

Four civilians were injured when three Maoists opened fire inside a civilian residence in Pipra Paschim-2 of Saptari district. 

March 5

An armed group of Maoists abducted five local residents from Durgapur Bazaar in Ghailadubba VDC of Jhapa district and kept them in confinement at an unspecified place, saying they needed to question them.

International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) 2007, prepared by the US State Department, has indicated that the Maoists are involved in smuggling of narcotic drugs. The report released on March 5 said, "Nepal's NDCLEU (Narcotic Drug Control Law Enforcement Unit) reports that Maoists have called upon farmers in certain areas to increase cannabis production and have levied Rs 200 per kilogram (approximately $2.75) tax on cannabis production."

March 8

CPN-M Chairman Prachanda expressed his commitment to return public property seized by the Maoists during the conflict. He also promised to help those families displaced during their people's war return to their homelands in order to ensure that the Constituent Assembly elections are held by mid-June.

The Nepali Congress issued a strong appeal to the Government stating that the Maoists should not be included in the interim government unless they fully implement all the previous understandings and agreements, give up violence, extortion, abduction and return the property they had seized during the decade-long conflict.

March 10

US Under Secretary of State for Management Henrietta H. Fore said that if the Maoists fail to act like a mainstream political party "by renouncing violence," then the US believes that Maoists do not deserve membership in a coalition Government.

March 11

CPN-M Dailekh area in-charge set off a hand bomb in retaliation against an attack on the Maoists by local youths. Maoists claimed that an inebriated group of local youths assaulted the Maoist cadres at Doragaun, in Bhairikalithum-9 of Dailekh district in reply to which the Maoists exploded the bomb in "self-defence".

Cadres of the JTMM-Jwala Singh and Maoists had a shoot-out between them inside a bus at Satterjhoda in Sunsari district. The passenger bus, in which the Maoists were travelling, was totally devastated after it was torched by the JTMM cadres. Some Maoist cadres were kept in detention and their weapons were seized by the JTMM cadres.

March 12

A Maoist cadre, identified as Hari Basnet, the Prakashpur area in-charge, died in a clash between MJF activists and the Maoists during curfew-time at Inaruwa in the Sunsari district.

At least 35 persons were injured in a clash between students and the MJF activists in Inaruwa. MJF cadres vandalised 23 vehicles at Laukahi, injuring seven transport workers.

Himalayan Times reported that Maoists prevented Secretaries from carrying out their daily work in most of the VDCs in Bardiya district. VDC Secretaries are not allowed to do any other works than distributing citizenship certificates and collecting voters’ lists.

March 13

In his party's mass gathering in Baglung, Prachanda said that thousands of his Party's combatants and weapons are still outside the cantonments as they "couldn't meet United Nations standards" to be registered. He also disclosed that they still had "technical human resources" outside the cantonments who have the ability to launch "massive attacks" simultaneously at several places on a single night.

March 14

Maoist cadres seized 13 trucks of the Nepali Army for two and half hours in the Rajahar area of Nawalparasi district on the suspicion that they were carrying weapons which is against the cease-fire code of conduct.

In a press meet organised at Shaktikhor in Chitwan district, Maoists informed that out of the 706 registered weapons, 616 were in the containers, while 75 were being used for camp security and 15 more for the security detail of the camp leadership.

March 16

Stating that the Government made decisions to form a panel to fix constituencies for the Constituent Assembly polls and promote and transfer security officials without their consent, Maoist Members of Parliament demanded that the decisions be nullified. 

March 17

The pro-Maoist Young Communist League (YCL) cadres abducted a civilian, identified as Suresh Malla, in Kavre district, and took him to an unknown location.  

March 18

Maoists abducted the operator of Hotel Woodland of Durbarmarg, Hari Shrestha, from his hotel in Kathmandu and assaulted him after he refused to give NR two million as demanded by the insurgents. Maoists released him after making an agreement paper, which states that Shrestha will pay NR 10 million to the Maoists and will also provide 10 rooms free of cost for them.

Five Maoists, including one of their lawmakers and a ‘platoon commander’, were arrested by the Nepalese Army on March 18 for entering into the Bardiya National Park with illegal arms and without permission.

March 19

YCL cadres led by Gorkha ‘district Secretary’ Chuda Khadka aka Prakash, captured 25 ropanis of land and four houses of former Army Chief Sachchit Shumsher Rana at Laxmibazaar in the Gorkha district, and hoisted their party flag there. 

Prachanda said that the nation could fall in a big disaster if Constituent Assembly election is not held on time.

March 21

At least 28 persons, including five women, were killed and over 40 persons injured at Gaur in the Rautahat district when Maoists and MJF activists clashed with each other.

March 22

Thousands of PLA soldiers moved out of the camps in Chulachuli, Chitwan, Surkhet Jhapa Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kailali districts in protest against the murder of their party cadres by the MJF.

Prachanda demanded that the Government outlaw the MJF. He termed it as a criminal gang.

March 26

Two bombs exploded at the premises of the Parsa district office of CPN-UML at Pannabagh in Kalaiya-5. A person claiming to be a leader of Nepal Defence Army claimed responsibility for the blasts.

Maoists said that there will be Jana Andolan (People’s Movement) III if the Interim Government was not formed within March 30.

March 28

A group of suspected Maoists killed Madhav Prasad Verma, a former VDC chairman in the mid-western Terai district of Banke. They also looted property worth around NR 200,000 from Verma's house.

Three persons were injured in a clash between Maoists and the activists of MJF at Barewa in the Rupandehi district.

March 30

A meeting of the eight political parties reached an agreement to share ministerial portfolios in the Interim Government. The Nepali Congress retained the post of the Prime Minister. The Maoists secured the portfolios of Information and Communication, Local Development, Physical Planning and Works, Forest and Soil Conservation and Women, Children and Social Welfare ministries in the new cabinet.

April 1

An Interim Government, including the Maoists, was formed with Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala as the Prime Minister. The five Maoists who were sworn in as cabinet ministers are Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Dev Gurung, Matrika Yadav, Hisila Yami and Khadga Bahadur Biswokarma.

Leaders of the eight parties agreed to hold the CA polls on June 20.

A group of 12 unidentified assailants shot dead Kripa Thakur, an area committee member of the CPN-M at Inarwa VDC of the Rautahat district.

April 2

One Maoist, identified as Abischa, was killed in a clash between Maoists and members of various other political parties in Kalikot.

April 3

Hundreds of the YCL cadres staged a protest rally in Kathmandu demanding that the Government declare a republic.

April 4

One Maoist, identified as Shambhu Sharma, and another from the MJF, identified as Birendra Mandal, were injured in a clash between the Maoists and the MJF activists in Ramgunj Belgachhiya of the Sunsari district.

April 6

Members of the Maoist-affiliated trade union (All Nepal Communication, Press and Publication Workers Association) padlocked the offices of The Himalayan Times and Annapurna Post in Kathmandu as three of the employees were transferred to the head office to undergo training before a decision was taken on promoting one or more of them.

April 8

Maoists captured the Kavrebhanjyang-based office of the Kavre VDC in the Kavrepalanchowk district and set-up their party office there.

April 10

CPN-M was registered as a political party at the Election Commission. Baburam Bhattarai said, "We have submitted our application for recognition as a political party at the Election Commission. Our party's official name will be Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists)."

Cadres of the YCL and pro-Maoist union activists in Biratnagar assaulted a leading businessman identified as Shyam Sundar Sharda accusing him of framing an abduction of his driver who happens to be a member of pro-Maoist workers’ union.

April 11

The Maoists grabbed four bighas of land belonging to three locals of Barah Kshetra area in the Sunsari district.

Entrepreneurs based along the Morang-Sunsari corridor took to the streets on against the Maoists, charging that the Maoists continued their excesses against the business community despite joining the Government.

April 13

At least 50 persons were injured when Maoists and locals clashed at Betali VDC in the Ramechhap district. The clash occurred when locals were protesting against the Maoist assault on a youth, Prakash Karki, from Betali VDC-6 on April 10 and hoisted black flags against them at different places.

CPN-M reopened its United Revolutionary People's Council (URPC) offices - which served as the ‘Maoist government offices’ in its insurgency days in the Lekhnath Municipality of Kaski district.

The United Nations Mission in Nepal completed its process of registration and storage of Nepal Army weapons at the Chhauni Barracks in Kathmandu.

The Election Commission said it was not possible to hold the elections by June 20. Chief Election Commissioner Bhoj Raj Pokhrel said a number of "technical processes" were yet to be completed and that the time left was too inadequate to complete necessary preparations before the polls could be held.

April 14

At least seven persons, including five Maoists, were injured when a group of locals clashed with the Maoist insurgents at Lebat in the Makawanpur district.

In Bardiya, Maoists threatened to kill a civilian Mukti Bahadur Swar of Gola village if he returns home.

Maoist chief Prachanda said that only the outright declaration of republic can save the eight party unity. He said that other seven parties should agree to its position of going for republic – instead of waiting till Constituent Assembly polls as agreed earlier.

A large number of PLA cadres came out of their cantonment sites in Chitwan, Nawalparasi and Sindhuli districts and staged protests against the announcement of the Election Commission that Constituent Assembly polls were not possible within the June-20 deadline.

April 15

Police arrested three Maoists and confiscated NR 3000 in cash and letter pads from them while they were collecting money at Dimuwa along the Pokhara-Baglung highway.

Maoists disallowed a Police team to establish their post at Thulipokhari in the Parbat district.

April 17

A Police Post located at Ragechaur in the Salyan district was shifted to the area Police Post at Tharmare due to the Maoist threat.

Maoists destroyed the building of Chandra Jyoti School at Ramnagar in the Siraha district and also took the construction materials away.

April 18

The Government and Maoists reached an agreement to bring down the number of Maoist insurgents put up in the cantonments that house some 30,000 PLA combatants. A meeting of the cabinet-formed Cantonment Management Committee decided to decrease the number of the PLA from 30,000 to 17,000 and also bring down the number of PLA camps to seven.

The Maoist-affiliated Nepal Transport Workers' Union called for a day-long transport strike at Biratnagar in the Morang district demanding the unconditional release of arrested drivers, security for the drivers and the reinstatement of sacked workers.

April 20

Police arrested seven YCL cadres from Kappan area in Kathmandu after intruded into the residence of a woman, identified as Tungsang Lama, and were attempting to rob her valuables.

Maoists threatened a police team which had gone to Dhampus in the Kaski district to reconstruct the police station and ordered them to leave the village immediately.

April 22

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala expressed commitment that the property seized during the decade-long Maoist insurgency would be returned to the people.

April 24

The United States Ambassador to Nepal, James Moriarty, said that the US would keep treating the Maoists as terrorists as they see no evidence of the Maoists stopping violence and extortion.

Prachanda said that he feels the seven parties had agreed in haste last year to end the people's movement. Addressing a party training programme in Kirtipur he warned to unleash street agitation to defeat reactionaries' conspiracies against republic.

April 28

Senior Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai said that the Maoists would launch the third wave of indefinite peaceful agitation if republic is not announced by the first week of the month of Jestha (third week of May).

April 29

The Maoist-led Ministry of Information and Communications directed state-owned newspapers to cover pro-Maoists news with prominence and shun news that are critical of the Party and its sister organisation Young Communist League.

The CPN-M officially launched its pro-republican drive at a press meet in Dhankuta, which it said, would be enforced through "street, parliament and Government."

April 30

The CPN-M refused to allow immediate verification of its combatants who are put up in the cantonments under the monitoring of the United Nations saying that they would allow verification immediately after the political deadlock is broken and the Government fulfils the physical requirements at the cantonments.

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal said that Maoist insurgents are not complying with the Party’s commitment to allow internally displaced persons to return in safely and retrieve their seized property and land.

A group of about 500 Maoists attacked a Police Post at Suiya in the Katkuiya VDC area of the Banke district. The Maoists detained Sub-Inspector Mukesh Kunwar for 14 hours and assaulted Constables Krishna Pratap Sen and Purna Bahadur.

May 1

Three Armed Police Force (AFP) personnel were injured in a clash between activists of the YCL and APF personnel at Sanoshree in the Bardiya district.

In the Kailali district, Maoists assaulted two civilians, identified as Dhanraj Giri and Nripa Rawal of Baliya and Chuha VDCs, respectively.

The United Nations Mission in Nepal chief, Ian Martin, revealed that the delay in the second-phase registration of the Maoist army, which was to begin on May 1, is because of the Maoists’ conditions that the process should start only after improvement of living conditions in the cantonments, government remuneration to registered combatants and formation of a committee to take responsibility for the future of the Maoist army.

Addressing a gathering on the occasion of May Day at Khulla Manch in Kathmandu, Prachanda said that if a republic is not declared, the Maoists would unleash agitation from the government, parliament, street and camps.

May 2

26 persons were injured when protesters led by the YCL clashed with personnel of the APF at Sanosree in the Bardiya district. According to Police sources, 16 civilians, seven APF men and three YCL cadres were wounded.

In the Bardiya district, YCL cadres vandalised the house of a journalist, Yuvaraj Adhikari, a correspondent of Radio Nepal.

Maoists captured a plot of private land covering six ropanis and six annas belonging to one Purna Man Tamang of Daraune Pokhari VDC-3 of Kavrepalanchowk district and destroyed crops worth tens of thousands of rupees.

A group of Maoists led by Ram Kumar Yadav padlocked the Siraha municipality office protesting against the alleged distribution of citizenship certificates to Indian nationals.

Senior Maoist leader Mohan Baidya aka Kiran said that the properties seized during conflict cannot be returned to their owners. Speaking at a programme in Sindhuli district, he said, "We will neither reduce the number of army nor return the seized properties."

The United States retained the Maoists in its terrorist list.

May 3

Kantipuronline reports that tree felling in the Bardiya district has intensified since the Maoists acquired the Ministry of Forest portfolio in the interim government.

Prachanda reiterated that his party would be compelled to launch the final struggle unless the nation was declared a republic through constitutional means.

Local Development Minister Dev Prasad Gurung threatened that his party would walk out of the government if the Nepali Congress did not become ready to declare Nepal a republic.

May 4

YCL cadres along with some locals clashed with police personnel at Sundarpur in the Morang district, leaving many locals injured.

In Phidim district, a group of around 15 YCL cadres assaulted two activists, identified as Hemraj Yonghang and Bipal Yonghang of Nagi VDC, who were going abroad for employment and also robbed them of NR 70,000 cash and two tolas of gold.

Cadres of the Maoist-affiliated Tharu Mukti Morcha shut down Banke, Bardiya, Dang, Kailali and Kanchanpur protesting against Bardiya's Sanoshree incident which led to a clash between the YCL Cadres and the APF.

May 5

A group of Maoists led by activists of the Maoist-affiliated Tharu Liberation Front and the YCL set ablaze the offices of the Nepal Electricity Authority and Land Revenue at Gulariya in the Bardiya district.

YCL condemned the arrest of 45 of its activists by the Police from Gulariya and threatened to launch a nationwide agitation from May 7 onwards if the government did not release them immediately without any condition.

Nine people, including two political leaders, activists and businessmen from Kusumba bazaar at Sanoshree VDC area in Bardiya district were displaced due to threats issued by the YCL.

May 7

Police filed criminal offence charges against 38 YCL cadres who were arrested for their involvement in setting ablaze the Land Revenue and Nepal Electricity Authority offices at Gulariya in the Bardiya district on May 5.

Around 150 YCL cadres attacked a Police Post in the Dandagaun VDC area of Rasuwa district and chased away the security force personnel posted there.

May 8

YCL activists assaulted the Assistant Chief District Officer of Kailali, Ganja Bahadur Mahara Chhetry, who tried to stop them from padlocking the District Administration Office. The YCL activists also assaulted a security force personnel, Ganesh Dhami and padlocked the District Development Office, the District Land Revenue Office and the District Agricultural Office in Kailali.

May 9

YCL cadres killed an elderly man, identified as Bir Bahadur Kalakheti, near Khandbari in the Sankhuwasabha district.

At least 50 persons - 40 Maoists and 10 policemen — were injured in a clash between the Police and Maoists in Ghorahi, headquarters of the Dang district.

May 10

YCL cadres ransacked the office of the Small Farmer's Cooperatives at Tadhala in the Bardiya district and looted all the documents from the office

The chief district officer of Bardiya, Shiva Prasad Nepal, gave a three-day ultimatum to the Maoists to vacate the building of the Cotton Development Committee office in Sanoshree.

Bajura district committee of the CPN-M announced that it would recapture the land and properties it returned to the owners, who had returned to the district after the signing of the peace accord. They also said they would not return any more seized houses, land and properties.

May 11

The Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Farmer’s Association-Revolutionary obstructed the operations of the district administration and land revenue office in the Sankhuwasabha district.

Maoists gheraoed the Sunsari District Administration Office demanding that insurgents arrested in Bardiya and Dang be released, a republic set up be announced, rebate in farming loans and implementation of the revolutionary land reform system. Maoists locked up the district officer Punya Prasad Bhattarai along with three others in the office and also prevented the Chief District Officer Sharda Bhakta Paudel from entering the office.

Maoists also locked up and gheraoed the Mahottari District Administration Office and obstructed all the official work.

May 13

At least 20 Maoists and eight police personnel were injured in a clash between the police and activists of the Maoist-affiliated Tharuwan Mukti Morcha, Madhesi Mukti Morcha and the YCL in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district.

Maoist chairman Prachanda said that the Central Committee of the CPN-Maoist has decided to return all the lands its cadres seized in the past from the owners, to smoothly lead the peace process and political process forward. He, however, added that the condition of the ownership of the tillers over the lands would remain "as it was before the conflict or according to mutual understanding."

The CPN-M registered a proposal at the Parliament for an amendment in the interim constitution to declare the nation a republic immediately. The Maoists also demanded that the PLA be recognised as part of the national force and immediate steps be taken to integrate the PLA members into the Nepal Army to establish a new national army force.

May 14

Over a dozen people were reported injured in a bomb blast near a bus park in the Chadranigahpur area in the Rautahat district. ‘Mr John’, a ‘commander’ of the lesser-known Terai Army outfit, claimed responsibility for the blast saying that a group led by Chattan Singh had carried out the blast.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that a republican set-up would be announced only after all the king’s rights are over.

May 15

Cadres of the Jwala Singh faction of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) killed two cadres of the JTMM-Jaya Krishna Goit faction, identified as Nagendra Baitha and Parmendra Sahani, in the Dharampur VDC area of Rautahat district.

Activists of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Women's Association-Revolutionary vandalised the Kanchanpur District Administration Office. 18 activists were injured when the Police used force to stop them from vandalising the office. They also reportedly misbehaved with the Chief District Officer, Netra Prasad Sharma, to whom they wanted to submit a memorandum on women's rights.

Activists of the All Nepal National Independent Students' Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) vandalised a statue of the late king Mahendra at Kalimati Chowk in Kathmandu. In Pokhara they vandalised two statues of the late king Birendra at Pokhara-10 and Pokhara-17 and a statue of the late king Mahendra at Rastra Bank Chowk. In Nepalgunj Maoist cadres vandalised a statue of the late king Birendra at Dhamboji Chowk. In Surkhet, the ANNISU-R activists vandalised the statue of late king Birendra situated at Birendranagar Bazaar.

A meeting of the Joint Monitoring Coordination Committee decided to designate the Maoist weapons meant for the protection of cantonments and the party leadership with a separate insignia to avoid their misuse by the Maoists.

May 16

YCL cadres abducted eight persons from Dhamauli-4 in the Rupandehi district.

Maoist insurgents abducted three youths, Krishna Prasad Poudel, Birendra Adhikari and Santosh Bohora, at Narayangadh in the Chitwan district alleging that they had protested against the Maoists. According to locals, Maoists from the Shaktikhor camp took the three away from their homes.

Maoists abducted Balgopal Shrestha, a local businessman, from his house at Barahakshetra in the Sunsari district, on the charge of "illegally selling mobile SIM cards."

May 17

YCL cadres assaulted Mahesh Prasad Yadav, medical officer at the Primary Health Center at Kadarbona in the Saptari district, accusing him of coming to office late.

Eight persons were injured when Maoists organised a rally to protest against the arrest of 16 of their comrades on May 15 and clashed with the Police at Bhanuchowk in the Kanchanpur district. Three police personnel, four Maoists and one civilian were injured in the incident. Maoists also set ablaze two police beats in the area.

In Sindhupalchowk district, a group of local women led by Maoists attacked a Police Post in Bhimtar village demanding their withdrawal from the area. In the clash, Maoists seized some weapons belonging to the Police.

May 18

Maoists vandalised a statue of the late King Prithvi Narayan Shah at Gorkha.

YCL cadres assaulted Prakash Pariyar of Pipaltari VDC-1 in the Parbat district and broke his hands and legs.

May 19

YCL cadres smeared the face of Narayan Bikram Rana, a resident at Khata in the Bardiya district, and padlocked his house on the charge that he was exploiting people.

YCL cadres assaulted an ex-Policeman Lokraj Regmi at Shantibatka, near Ratnapark in Kathmandu after an argument among them.

A group of YCL cadres looted property worth NR 600,000 from the house of Ram Mani Nepane at Duwakot in the Bhaktapur district.

YCL cadres assaulted two goldsmiths - Sanjay Devi Sutradhar and her son Manoj Sutradhar - after vandalising their shops at Thakurbadi road in the Biratnagar town of Morang district.

In the Kailali district, Maoists have reportedly captured 58 bighas of land belonging to four Nepali Congress-Democratic leaders.

Senior Maoist leader and the Minister for Local Development, Dev Gurung, said that Maoists can step down from the government anytime and join the agitation.

May 20

A meeting of the Cantonment Management Committee decided to provide NR 3000 a month to each member of the PLA.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said the eight-party meeting would be held only after the Maoists control the activities of the YCL. Koirala said that unless the YCL activists were controlled, seized lands are returned and obstruction of the parliament proceedings ended, the eight-party meeting would not be held.

May 21

Maoist insurgents abducted Biswonath Shah, principal of the Janasewa Secondary School of Siraha, from his residence at Karjanha VDC area in the Siraha district on the charge of committing irregularities in the school's finances.

May 22

Maoists in the Banke district announced that they will not obey their central or district level leaders' instructions regarding the return of the seized properties. They also refused to implement agreements reached among the eight political parties regarding return of such properties.

May 23

Prachanda directed the YCL cadres to improve their activities. Addressing a central committee meeting of the YCL in Kathmandu he said that while their activities like curbing smuggling, road building and urban management were laudable, their actions against government offices and individuals have drawn criticism. He urged them to stop such actions and be involved only in popular activities.

May 25

YCL cadres hurled stones at the vehicle carrying the United States Ambassador James F. Moriarty at Damak in the Jhapa district. The YCL cadres also waved black flags and shouted anti-US slogans.

May 27

At least 15 persons were injured when Maoists and workers of Nepali Congress (Democratic) clashed in Simikot, the headquarters of Humla district.

Maoists, including some cadres of the YCL, attacked a district level workers' training programme of Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) in Kusmabazaar of Parbat. Over one dozen RPP workers, including its district president Rana Bahadur Chhetri and central trainer Madhu Prasad Risal, were injured in the attack. YCL cadres also assaulted Durga Sharma, local correspondent of Nepal One TV and Nepal Samacharpatra daily, when he reached the site where the Maoists were assaulting RPP activists.

Maoists forced the reinstated Purghat police post located in Purwottarhat-3 of Baitadi district to shift from the area. Maoists forced 13 policemen stationed at the post to leave the area and go back to the district headquarters.

YCL cadres prevented vehicles bearing Indian number plates from entering Pashupatinagar checkpoint in Ilam district and forced it to return back to India. YCL cadres also staged a demonstration in Pashupatinagar, saying that India has encroached upon Nepalese territory and that Indian vehicles have been plying in Nepal illegally without paying any tax.

May 28

20 people were injured in a clash between the YCL cadres and students belonging to the All Nepal National Free Students Union (ANNFSU), which is affiliated to the Rashtriya Janamorcha at Barmeli Tole in the Bhairahawa district.

Maoists injured six Dalits (lower caste Hindus), including some women, at Devipur VDC-9 in the Siraha district following a dispute with locals.

Maoists assaulted a journalist, identified as Shambhu Singh Karki, a central member of the Broadcasting Association of Nepal. He was attacked by the insurgents who were angry over the news aired by him on Radio Palung FM.

A meeting of the Joint Monitoring and Coordination Committee decided to start the second stage verification of the PLA combatants from June 10.

May 29

Nine persons, including a child, were killed when three bombs exploded in a house at Bhutuke village in the Gothadi VDC area of Palpa district. The bombs exploded simultaneously while some locals were taking them out of a bucket. It is believed that these bombs were left behind by the Maoists as this region used to be a safe heaven for their activities.

Another bomb exploded at the CPN-Maoist party office at Buddhanagar in the capital Kathmandu damaging the window panes of the building. An anonymous caller identifying himself as an activist of the Nepal Defence Army called up the Himalayan Times office to claim responsibility for the blast.

A group of 25 YCL cadres damaged a statue of King Birendra at Pratima Chowk in the Parsa district.

May 30

Around 400 Maoists, most of whom were YCL cadres, led by their parliamentarian Motidevi Chaudhary, seized over 60 bighas of land belonging to locals at Baida in the Bardiya district. 14 persons were also injured when they clashed with the members of the local Gyanjyoti Youth Club who prevented them from looting fruits from an orchard, which has been preserved by the Club.

May 31

A meeting of the eight political parties decided to hold the Constituent Assembly elections by the third week of November 2007.

June 2

YCL cadres attacked a vehicle carrying leaders of the Nepali Congress at Ganeshsthan in the Nuwakot district.

June 3

Three YCL cadres abducted a businessman, identified as Sitaram Prasai, from his office of the Cottage and Small Industry Development Bank in Kamaladi.

Maoists assaulted and injured an unspecified number of villagers at Bhawang VDC in the Rolpa district.

The Maoist-affiliated Madhesi National Liberation Front (MNLF) decided to launch a month-long agitation in Terai demanding an autonomous Madhes region, revocation of Electoral Constituency Delineation Commission report, federal system, declaration of republic and right to self-determination.

Cadres of the JTMM- Jwala Singh faction captured 15 bighas of land belonging to a CPN-UML activist, Ram Ekbal Rai, at Sonarniya VDC.

The first phase of the formal talks between the government and the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF) ended with agreement reached on one half of the 26-point demands put forth by the Forum.

June 4

An armed group of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM- Goit faction) shot dead Munna Kumar Jaiswal, an area committee member of the CPN-Maoist, at Kalahi Jagadi in the Pipra Basantapur VDC area of Bara district.

One person, identified as Ajay Chaurasiya, was killed and three others injured during indiscriminate firing by unidentified gunmen in the Birgunj area of Parsa district.

June 5

Cadres of JTMM - Jwala Singh faction abducted and subsequently shot dead a district coordinator of the YCL, identified as Krishna Mohan Shah, near the banks of Lalbakaiya River in the Rautahat district.

The JTMM - Jwala Singh faction captured land belonging to the former Chief Justice Keshav Prasad Upadhyaya in the Siraha district.

June 6

The pro-Maoist Tamuwan Liberation Front claimed it captured over 50 ropanis of land in Pokhara belonging to the royal family.

June 7

Unidentified assailants killed a Nepali Congress member, Ram Dayal Yadav, at Dhirapura village in the Mahottari district. Four of his relatives were also injured in the attack.

JTMM- Jwala Singh faction activists abducted Devnath Yadav, an employee of the Agriculture Development Bank, at Lahan in the Siraha district.

Around 150 YCL cadres led by their Itahari in-charge Bhabindra Acharya entered the house of one Man Bahadur Izam, took away all the belongings and burnt some important documents on the charges of his involvement in a killing. The YCL reportedly established its office in Izam’s house.

Maoist members of parliament, Uma Bhugel and Manju Bam, challenged Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to ban the YCL if it is a criminal league as claimed by him. "Why don’t you ban the YCL if it is a criminal group," they said.

June 8

The JTMM–Jwala Singh faction cadres abducted a civilian, identified as Bajgain, from Jamuniya VDC area in the Rautahat district and also seized his motorbike.

Cadres of the JTMM-Goit faction abducted a civilian, identified as Chitra Bahadur Pant alias Bishnu, of Chatari Bananiya VDC-6 in the Siraha district.

YCL activists seized land belonging to Jagat Bahadur Roka in the Tathipokhari Bazaar of Gorkha district claiming that Rokka had illegally acquired it when he was the chairman of the District Development Committee during the royal regime.

June 10

YCL activists set ablaze seven vehicles at Shivapur village on the Mahendra Highway in the Kapilvastu district for defying their call for a district-wide general strike.

June 12

A central-level leader of the Maoists and a central member of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Peasants Association (Revolutionary), identified as Dasarath Thakur a.k.a. Rohit, was abducted and subsequently killed by cadres of the JTMM-Goit faction in the Saptari district.

June 13

Activists of the MJF abducted and subsequently killed two central members of the YCL, Binod Pant a.k.a. Jitendra and Sheshmani Lamichhane a.k.a. Mani, at Shivpur in the Gonaha VDC area of Rupandehi district.

Four people were injured in a clash between Maoists and Nepali Congress – Democratic cadres in the Ramechhap district.

June 14

JTMM-Jwala Singh cadres shot dead the Bara district committee member and district vice-chairman of the Maoist-affiliated Madheshi Liberation Front, Jokhan Mansuri, at Simraungadh in the Bara district.

June 16

A group of some 20-25 JTMM-Jwala Singh cadres set ablaze the home of former Maoist People's Government chief, Lal Bahadur Chaudhary, at Simara VDC area in the Bara district.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that he would propose November 26 as the date for constituent assembly election at the next cabinet meeting.

June 18

YCL cadres 'arrested' two activists of the Jwala Singh faction of the JTMM, Ram Shovit Yadav and Dev Chandra Yadav, along with a pistol, in the Lahan area of Siraha district and later handed over them to police. YCL cadres also reportedly 'arrested' an armed cadre of the JTMM-Goit faction from the same place.

The MJF demanded the ouster of the Maoists from the government and imposing of a ban on its youth wing, the YCL. Speaking at a press conference in Mahottari, MJF chairman Upendra Yadav accused the Maoists of violating the Peace Accord and of not storing away all their arms in the containers monitored by the UNMIN.

June 19

The body of the Nepali Congress - Democratic Humla district member, Netra Bahadur Shahi, who was abducted by the Maoists on March 10 from Shrimasta village, was found at a riverbank at an unspecified place.

June 20

Police raided the YCL office at Nepalgunj in the Banke district and rescued the Regional Health Director, Dr. Piyush Bahadur Rajendra, who was abducted by the YCL cadres on ‘charges’ of corruption. Along with Dr. Rajendra, police also rescued one Ganga Gurung from Pokhara who was held captive since the past one and a half month.

June 21

YCL cadres disrupted traffic on the Nawalpur-Malangawa stretch of the Mahendra Highway since June 21-afternoon protesting against the arrest of their fellow cadre, Thagaram, and demanding his immediate release.

June 24

Maoists torched four cargo vehicles parked at Rupani in Saptari district for defying the three-day bandh (general strike), announced by them following the killing of the Maoist Saptari in-charge by cadres of the JTMM-G.

A meeting of the Council of Ministers fixed November 22 as the date to hold the elections for the Constituent Assembly.

June 25

Maoists assaulted an hotelier, identified as Chhoda Sherpa, for refusing to reduce the room rents for a team of Maoist artistes visiting Bamti Deurali in the Ramechhap district.

June 26

Cadres of the JTMM-J killed a villager, identified as Laxman Ram Chamar, in the Sukhipathara VDC-6 area of Bara district for his alleged involvement in robbery.

JTMM-J cadres abducted a person, Shiv Kumar Yadav, from his residence at Bariyarpatti-6 VDC area in the Siraha district for his alleged involvement in many criminal activities in the past, including rape.

June 27

Eight military commanders of the JTMM-G led by Bisfot Singh decided to split and form another breakaway faction.

July 1

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted the Maoist’s area no. 1 secretary Ram Prabesh Shah from his residence at Madhavpur market in the Rautahat district and subsequently shot him dead.

July 3

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted a lawyer, identified as Balram Mehta, from outside the District Police Office at Inaruwa in the Sunsari district.

10 JTMM-J cadres were injured in a clash with a police patrol team at Santapur Dostiya VDC in the Rautahat district.

July 4

JTMM-J cadres shot dead a government employee, Raj Kumar Joshi, at Tarapatti Sirsiya in the Dhanusha district.

Cadres of the MJF padlocked the office of the District Development Committee (DDC) in Mahottari district for an indefinite period. The MJF said it padlocked the office as they were denied any role in the daily activities of the DDC and the VDCs.

Three persons were injured in a bomb blast at Hariaun in the Sarlahi district. A little known outfit called the Terai Army claimed responsibility for the blast.

July 7

Nine persons were injured after the YCL cadres attacked the monarchists' rally in Kathmandu. Maoists reportedly obstructed the supporters of King Gyanendra from participating in a rally in front of the Narayanhiti royal palace. Similar incidents were reported from the Bhotahity, Asan, New Road, Sundhara and Lainchaur areas in Kathmandu.

July 8

YCL cadres vandalised the offices of the Rastriya Prajantantra Party and Rastriya Janashakti Party in Dhankuta alleging that their leaders had attended the birthday celebrations of the King.

Maoists forced out police personnel from a recently established police post at Ghandruk of Kaski district.

July 9

Maoists assaulted Ganesh Prasad Bhattarai, secretary of the Pharpu VDC in the Ramechhap district. Four Maoists led by area no. 3 in-charge Madan entered his home and assaulted Bhattarai saying that he did not give the donation of NR 50,000 which was demanded from him.

July 10

YCL cadres assaulted a civilian, identified as Ram Prasad Rana, a resident of Jadepani in Daiji VDC-6 of Kanchanpur district. The cadres took Rana to their office at Sisaiya for "interrogation" and severely assaulted him there.

July 12

Around 15 YCL cadres assaulted three locals of Gaidakhal in the Sunwal VDC-5 area of Nawalparasi district without any provocation.

Cadres of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Farmers' Association-Revolutionary and All Nepal Trade Unions' Federation captured 1100 ropanis (1 ropani = 5476 square feet) of land belonging to former Prime Minister and chairperson of the Rastriya Janashakti Party, Surya Bahadur Thapa. They captured Thapa’s land at north of the Uttarpani-Hile road section in Dhankuta district and said that the land was captured as Thapa attended the King's birthday celebration.

The second phase verification of the PLA came to an indefinite halt as the Maoists refused to continue with the verification process.

Maoist leaders Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai met Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and urged him to come up with a package deal to adjust registered Maoist combatants in the national security wings. Maoists threatened that the second stage of verification would not begin without the government first agreeing on the deal.

July 13

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted and subsequently killed two members of a family in the Saptari district.

Cadres of the JTMM-G abducted two persons, Lila Bahadur Shrestha and his wife Kamala Shrestha, from the Diman area of Saptari district.

July 14

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula asked various rebel groups active in the Terai region to come to the negotiation table within the next two weeks. He also warned that if the armed groups failed to do so, the government would dispatch the security forces against them.

July 15

A Maoist insurgent, identified as Ganga Yadav, was killed by cadres of the JTMM-G at Baspatti in the Motihari area of Siraha district.

Over 12 persons were injured in the Sindhupalchowk district when the YCL cadres who came to resolve a dispute between two local groups at Shikharpur VDC started assaulting them.

July 17

YCL cadres vandalised the office of Rastriya Prajatantra Party at Gadhi in the Baitadi district.

JTMM-J rejected the ultimatum given by Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula to come to the negotiating table within 15 days.

July 18

JTMM-J cadres killed Ram Hari Pokharel, secretary of the Govindapur VDC in Siraha district, who was abducted on July 15.

July 19

JTMM-J cadres abducted Muritya VDC secretary Jagannath Sah at Barhathawa in Sarlahi district.

July 21

A group of armed JTMM-G cadres shot dead a local Maoist leader Binod Mallik at Bisarbhora in the Dhanusha district.

Seven Maoist combatants of Chhintangsukhani Memorial Brigade ran away from the PLA camp at Yangsila in the Morang district along with their weapons.

July 23

Maoist trade union workers violently disrupted distribution of two daily newspapers, Himalayan Times and Annapurna Post, for the fifth consecutive day on July 23 demanding that the delivery boys be given permanent employment.

A meeting of the Joint Monitoring Coordination Committee reached a consensus to resume the second phase of the verification process from the second week of August.

July 26

JTMM-J cadres abducted and shot dead a civilian, Duryodhan Dhanuk, at Bara Inarwa Sira in the Bara district.

A group of around 25 JTMM-J cadres captured the ancestral house of a former Chief Justice, Keshav Prasad Upadhyaya, at Bishnupur Chowk in the Bishnupur VDC-4 area in the Siraha district. They also fired shots in the air warning of physical action against anybody who buys the property.

JTMM-G said that it is ready to hold a dialogue with the Government provided the United Nations or any other credible international agency agrees to broker it. In a letter to Chief of the UN Mission in Nepal, Ian Martin, Goit hinted at the possibility of talks if the Government builds an amicable environment for it.

July 29

30 persons, including six police personnel, were injured in a clash between Maoists and the police in Charikot, district headquarters of Dolakha. The Maoists protested against the local administration as it filed a public offence case against Maoist area no-2 in-charge and district committee member Bishal Khadka on the charge of tarring the face of a former District Development committee president Sundar Prakash Khadka. They vandalised the District Administration Office and thrashed Chief District Officer Uddhav Bahadur Thapa.

July 30

JTMM-G cadres abducted and subsequently shot dead a person, identified as Shanker Man Singh Basnet, at Bariyarpur in the Bara district.

Cadres of the Madhesi Liberation Tigers abducted a civilian, identified as Tek Bahadur Kunwar of Saptari’s Bhardaha-1, and shot him dead.

A group of 10-15 cadres of JTMM-J shot at and injured a member of the Chure Bahwar Ekta Samaj, identified as Chhir Bahadur Shrstha of Theliya-7, at Rajbiraj in the Saptari district.

July 31

A group of six to seven armed JTMM-G cadres abducted a civilian, identified as Rajendra Prasad Kanu, from his home at Khophahawa VDC-2 and killed him some 200 meters away from his home.

August 2

Maoists assaulted police personnel at a police post in the remote Piplang village of Humla district, protesting against the arrest of one of their comrades, identified as Nanda, who was arrested on the charge of killing a Nepali Congress-Democratic activist, Netra Bahadur Shahi.

August 3

An inquiry report blaming King Gyanendra for the violent crackdown on pro-democracy protests in 2006 was presented to Parliament. The report, prepared by a government-appointed panel, said the royal cabinet, including its chairman, had "misused power, authority and position and were responsible for the loss of life and property as well as the violation of human rights during the crackdown on the peaceful people's movement."

August 4

JTMM-J cadres abducted a civilian, identified as Lokendra Dangi, from Jhokra-4, in the Sunsari district. JTMM-J Sunsari in-charge Krish claimed that Dangi was abducted on charges of extorting high interests from money lent to poor people.

August 5

Cadres of the JTMM-J killed a local businessman, identified as Mohan Gautam, two days after abducting him from Sitapur in the Saptari district.

August 6

Cadres of the JTMM-J opened fire on two persons in the Bara district. One person, identified as Prakash Subedi, succumbed to his injuries in the hospital.

August 7

Cadres of the CPN-Maoist and the Young Communist League assaulted and injured a leader of the Nepali Congress - Democratic, identified as Raghunath Gautam, at Kavre.

The fifth plenum of the Maoists unanimously endorsed party chairman Prachanda’s political and organisational report, which states that proportional representation and declaration of a republic are the pre-conditions for the Constituent Assembly elections to be held.

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula said that none of the agitating groups in Terai are separatists and they do not pose any threat to national integrity and that the government can find a negotiated settlement with all of them.

August 8

Maoist leaders said that they are prepared for a 'revolt' in government, the parliament and in the streets for establishment of republic.

August 9

A group of 23 Maoists led by the Nuwakot district committee member Raj Kumar Regmi attacked three police personnel on duty at the Phikuri-4 police post and looted all the weapons.

Police arrested four Maoists along with a home-made gun and a pistol from Amuwa village in the Rupandehi district.

Around 25 journalists were assaulted by Maoists at Gorkhapatra Corporation in Kathmandu as the journalists were picketing at the gate demanding reinstatement of 49 journalists dismissed by the Maoist-led management at Gorkhapatra newspaper.

August 11

Workers of the Maoist-affiliated trade union, the Communication, Printing and Publications Workers’ Union disrupted the distribution of two daily newspapers The Himalayan Times and Annapurna Post and obstructed the printing of the dailies alleging that both these newspapers carried news against them on their front pages - a story about the Patan Appellate Court’s summons to three Maoist trade union leaders.

August 12

Cadres of the JTMM-J attacked a police patrol at Maulapur village in the Rautahat district. Consequent to retaliatory action by the police, the JTMM-J cadres fled the incident site. However, no casualties were reported in the incident.

Addressing a press conference in Kathmandu, Maoist chairman Prachanda said that his party will decide, within 10 days, whether to remain in the interim government.

Local Maoist leaders in Dolakha district warned of a "fight to finish" struggle if the district administration does not unconditionally release its 28 cadres who were arrested for assaulting the chief district officer on July 29.

August 13

A meeting of the Joint Monitoring Coordination Committee comprising the government, Maoists and the United Nations representatives agreed to resume the second stage of the verification of the Peoples' Liberation Army from August 14.

August 14

A group of about 12 YCL cadres attempted to abduct the Dristi weekly’s journalist Madhav Basnet from his office at Bagbazar and threatened to kill him.

August 15

11 Maoists who were facing attempted murder charges for their involvement in assaulting Chief District Officer Uddhav Bahadur Thapa and vandalising the District Administration Office were released by the District Court of Dolakha.

August 16

Two cadres of the JTMM-J, identified as Sanjay Patel Abinash and Mithun Patel, were killed in a clash with the villagers of Biruwaguthi VDC at Badnihar in the Parsa district.

Cadres of the JTMM-G set ablaze two vehicles for violating their call for a general strike at Bhaliya area in the Bara district.

Maoists barred the Nepal Electricity Authority clients at Chautara sub-branch office in the Sindhupalchowk district from paying electricity tariff.

According to a statement issued by Prachanda, the Maoists have decided to divide the country in ethnic and regional lines into 11 state committees. They are Seti-Mahakali, Tharuwan, Bheri-Karnali, Magarat, Tamuwan, Tamba Saling, Newa, Madhes, Limbuwan, Kirat and Kochila. The Madhes state committee is further divided into Mithila, Bhojpura, and Abadh sub-state committees.

August 19

In a press statement, Jwala Singh described the Constituent Assembly elections as a ruse and warned that his group would foil it. He said that his group will prevent Terai people from casting their votes, adding that the "regime of hill people" has no right to conduct election in "liberated Terai."

Chairman of the MJF, Upendra Yadav, asked Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to address his group’s demands before August 22. He told Koirala that an election environment would not be possible without resolving the issues raised by the MJF.

The Election Commission announced that voting for Constituent Assembly elections will take place from 7 am to 5 pm across the country on November 22.

August 20

Maoists announced that they would launch indefinite nationwide protest programmes if their 22-point demands for the Constituent Assembly elections are not met immediately. They also warned of a new people’s movement from the government, parliament and the street if their demands are not met.

August 21

Maoists stopped police personnel from patrolling some villages in the Parbat district.

Cadres of the JTMM-J exchanged fire with the security forces at Sasar VDC of Saptari district on August 21-night. Police arrested three JTMM-J cadres and recovered two socket bombs and three pistols from their possession.

August 22

Normal life was paralysed in central Nepal, including the capital Kathmandu, following a strike called by a pro-Maoist ethnic group Nepal Rashtriya Tamang Mukti Morcha to press for autonomy. Transport services were halted and markets, schools and colleges remained closed in the districts of Kathmandu, Makawanpur, Sindhupalchowk, Kavrepalanchowk, Makawanpur, Dhading, Nuwakot and Rasuwa.

August 23

A cabinet meeting decided to nationalise seven royal palaces - Narayanhiti Royal Palace, the Hanumandhoka Palace, the Patan Palace, the Bhaktapur Palace, Gorakha Palace, Lamjung Palace and Nuwakot Palace - along with a total of 1,533 ropanies of land the palaces occupy. The meeting also decided to freeze the bank accounts of King Gyanendra, Queen Komal and Crown Prince Paras to stop transfer of money from the late King Birendra and late Queen Aishwarya.

YCL submitted a 28-point memorandum to Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala demanding, among others, the declaration of a republic, a round table meeting, setting up autonomous regions on basis of ethnic groups, federal governance and proportional electoral system. It also demanded the immediate nationalisation of the property of Late King Birendra as well as King Gyanendra as well the property of those who were involved in corruption during Gyanendra's rule. It urged the government to fulfill the demands including the 22-point demand of the Maoists and asked the government to release its arrested leaders and cadres.

Some Maoist combatants who were earlier disqualified by the verification team of the United Nations Mission in Nepal have been qualified in its re-verification process conducted in the cantonment at Chulachuli in the Ilam district,. However, the number of combatants passing the re-verification process has not been disclosed.

The MJF chairman Upendra Yadav warned that the central committee of his party has decided to launch an agitation in the Terai if their demands were not met by the government within a week.

August 24

Suspected JTMM-J cadres abducted and subsequently shot dead a Nepali Congress activist, identified as Phulchan Saha Kanu, in the Ramnagari VDC of Birgunj district.

Addressing a meeting in the capital Kathmandu, Prachanda proposed to postpone the Constituent Assembly election till mid-April 2008 as, he said, that elections cannot be held in an atmosphere of pressure.

August 26

Baburam Bhattarai warned that his party could walk out of the government anytime if the Constituent Assembly election cannot be held without first declaring a republic. He said, "We have decided to launch our struggle from the government, the parliament and the streets. If needed, we can walk out of the government front anytime," adding that, "We need guarantee of federal republic before going for elections."

The ministerial committee formed to nationalise royal property recommended nationalisation of five more palaces and eight jungles owned by the King. The Nagarjuna and Gokarna palaces in Kathmandu, Ratna palace in Pokhara, Kanti Iswari palace in Hetauda and Diyalo palace in Chitwan along with eight forests spread across 35,000 square kilometers in Nagarjuna, Gokarna, Balaju, Thanksen of Nuwakot district and Bharatpur of Chitwan district are to be nationalised.

A splinter group of the JTMM-G led by one Prithvi Raj Singh has announced the establishment of another armed group called as the Liberation Tigers of Terai Ilam. The group has a 21-member central committee led by one Prithvi Raj Singh. It also named Mohammad Ziya-ul as its secretary, Swamiji as the in-charge of eastern command and Arjun Thakur as the in-charge of western command.

August 28

JTMM-J cadres abducted Druba Sah, secretary of the Pokharbhinta VDC in Siraha district. The group claimed that he was abducted for not paying ‘tax’ to the ‘Terai Government’.

Police arrested nine JTMM-J cadres from the Bishnupurkatti area of Siraha district and recovered a Chinese-make pistol and bullets.

August 29

YCL cadres seized three .303 rifles and 115 rounds of ammunition from the police on the Choharba section of the East-West Highway in the Siraha district. The YCL cadres, who were protesting the arrest of seven Maoists, also vandalised a police van, and injured four police personnel. They also obstructed vehicular movement along the highway at several points demanding immediate release of their arrested comrades and an apology from the local administration.

August 30

The Bara district commander of the JTMM-J, Jamuna Singh, was shot dead by the police in an encounter at Charmohana Tole. The police also recovered a large amount of arms and explosives, including a US-made handgun, three twelve-bore rifles, two homemade guns, one revolver, 87 pieces of improvised explosives, one SMG magazine round and 45 rounds of rifle bullets from the encounter site.

Around 300 Maoists disrupted a function organised by the CPN-UML district committee to campaign for Constituent Assembly elections at Syuna in the Kalikot district.

September 1

Six Maoists and two villagers were injured after clashes ensued between the two in the Dhairing VDC of Parbat district. The villagers attacked the Maoists as the Maoists assaulted and abducted a supporter of Nepali Congress identified as Raju Acharya.

YCL cadres barred a team of Armed Police Force personnel from visiting Raskot village in Kalikot district for the purpose of inspecting the area for setting up a polling centre.

September 2

Two persons were killed and 25 others injured in a series of bomb blasts in three busy market places in the Kathmandu city. The blasts in Tripureshwor and Sundhara occurred at bus stands while another bomb exploded inside a bus near the Balaju Industrial Estate. Two little known Terai-based armed groups – Terai Army and Terai Utthan Sangat - have claimed responsibility for the blasts.

Cadres of the JTMM-G shot dead a youth, Lal Babu Shah Sonar, at Jayanagar in the Rautahat district accusing him of spying against their party and being involved in looting, raping and killing people.

Six persons were injured in a clash between activists of the MJF and police in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district. The MJF activists also vandalised the vehicle of the Superintendent of Police.

Three people were injured when hundreds of locals made an organised attack on the Maoists at Chankhe Dhokra in the Rasuwa district. The locals retaliated against the Maoists when the Rasuwa district president of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union-Revolutionary’s assaulted a local of Ghumti bazaar in Dhaibung VDC-3.

September 3

Maoists intervened in a press meet at Parbat and assaulted a journalist, Ram Chandra Joshi, and a civil servant, Liladhar Subedi. They also vandalised the office of the local Chamber of Commerce and Industry at Kushma Bazaar.

Maoists called an indefinite strike in the Rasuwa district from September 3 demanding the release of their cadre who has gone missing after a clash occurred between the locals and Maoists at Dhaibung VDC on September 2.

September 4

A schoolgirl, identified as Sandhya Khadka, who was injured in the Kathmandu serial blasts on September 2, succumbed to her injuries in the hospital.

Police arrested five Liberation Tigers of Terai Ilam cadres, including its leader Ramlochan Yadav a.k.a. Swamiji, from Janakpur in the Dhanusha district.

A meeting of the Revolutionary People's Council (RPC) of the Maoists’ decided to reactivate its 'kangaroo courts' across the country. The coordinator of the council, Baburam Bhattarai, said, "As the common people have failed to receive justice from the current state mechanism and action has not been taken against the corrupt and criminals, we have decided to reactivate such a mechanism to provide justice to the people." Similarly, Prachanda said, "The network of RPC should be reactivated and expanded from the center to municipalities and villages across the country to prepare for the people's movement."

Deputy Commanders of the PLA met Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and submitted a six-point memorandum calling for improvement in the condition of the United Nations administered PLA cantonments, addressing the problems facing the PLA combatants, disbursement of salary and other benefits the government had pledged, and their integration into the Nepal Army. The Deputy Commanders have warned that they would be compelled to organise protest programmes if their demands are not met.

September 5

The Maoist-affiliated Young Communist League (YCL) has announced a campaign from September 18 against corruption. The League’s valley in-charge, Sagar, said the YCL has already prepared a list of around 50 corrupt persons which includes industrialists, politicians and the common people, who have amassed millions of rupees through illegal means. He stated: "People who have made money through illegal means during King Gyanendra's rule are on the top of the list."

A central committee meeting of the Madheshi Janaadhikar Forum (MJF) endorsed the 22-point deal signed between MJF and the Government on August 30. The meeting expelled the four dissident leaders Kishore Kumar Bishwas, Bhagyanath Gupta, Jitendra Sonal and Ram Kumar Sharma and also decided that the MJF will take part in the Constituent Assembly election.

September 6

Cadres of the Maoist-affiliated Young Communist League (YCL) assault and injure five persons at the Sukhachaina VDC area in Siraha district.

September 7

A crude bomb exploded in front of a petrol pump in the Shripur area of Birgunj district. However, no casualty was reported. The Jwala Singh faction of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha claimed responsibility for the blast. In the same area, two bombs are recovered and later diffused by the security force personnel from Kadambari School.

The Maoists, violating the agreement to return the properties and lands seized during the period of insurgency, declare to resume the process of confiscating the land of the landlords to be distributed to the landless people. This was stated by a Maoist-affiliated organisation, the All Nepal Peasants Association (Revolutionary), at a press conference in Katmandu.

The Madheshi Mukti Tigers supported indefinite strike (to press the government to accept a 14-point charter of demands) leads to complete disruption of normal life in the Siraha, Bara, Sarlahi and Udaypur districts of the Terai region.

September 8

CPN-Maoist chairman Prachanda directs party cadres to be ready for another revolution. Addressing a workshop in Bardiya district, he said that revolution is necessary as the government has still not laid the foundation for the Constituent Assembly (CA) polls. "The CA can’t be set up under pressure. Therefore, be ready for another revolution," he said.

September 9

Cadres of the Maoist affiliated Young Communist League (YCL) assault a local businessman, Bhola Sah, in the Udayapur district for illegally selling marijuana. Police arrested YCL cadres, Bimarsha Raj Karki and Netra Lal Kunwar, for their involvement in the incident.

September 10

Maoist chairman Prachanda reiterates his party's decision to quit the government by September 16 if the government does not fulfill their "22-point pre-requisites."

September 11

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted the headmaster of Tulsiram Satyabhama Dotel Secondary School, Arun Kumar Shrestha, from his house and subsequently killed him at Bishnupurkatti VDC, in the Siraha district.

An armed group of Madhesi Mukti Tigers activists shot dead Narayan Sah at Theliaya VDC-7 in the Saptari district after dragging him out from his house.

JTMM-G said that the group would boycott the CA polls as it is not in the interest of the welfare of the Madhesis. Goit also threatened that the group will launch an armed struggle against the polls.

September 12

Cadres of the JTMM-J shot dead an employee of a brick kiln, Kedar Prasad Giri, at Baghchauda in the Janakpur area of Dhanusha district. A central member of the JTMM-J, Rajan Mukti, claimed responsibility for the killing.

September 13

Upendra Yadav, chairman of the MJF, accused the Maoists of trying to split his party. Addressing a gathering of MJF leaders and cadres at Itahari, Yadav said, "The Maoists are trying to sow dissensions in the MJF's rank and file and split the party. They are working in opposition to the MJF and as such, it is difficult for the MJF to work with them."

September 14

PLA cadres came out of their cantonments in Arunkhola of Nawalparasi and demonstrated for one hour demanding the implementation of the 22-point issues raised by the Maoists.

JTMM-J threatened to disrupt the CA polls and declared several programmes including strikes so as to disrupt CA elections in Terai region. It stated that the CA election is just a sham to deceive the Madheshi people and the group has also warned to take physical action against those taking part in the election campaigning in Terai.

Around 1000 soldiers of the PLA of Nawalparasi, Jhyaltungdanda and from other camps at Hattikhor, Jargaha and Sainamaina came out of their camps and demonstrated in the street demanding to concede their six-point charter of demands.

September 16

Chairman of the Democratic Madhesi Front, Mohit Khan, was shot dead by unidentified extremists at Birpur-5 village in the Kapilavastu district. Subsequently, violence gripped different areas of the district in which four persons were killed.

September 17

Three civilians were killed in mob violence at Kapilavastu and Rupandehi districts following the killing of the Chairman of the Democratic Madhesi Front, Mohit Khan, on September16.

One civilian was killed and another injured, when JTMM-J cadres hurled a hand grenade at a passenger bus in the Bara district on September 16-night.

Six persons, including some police personnel, were injured when MJF activists clashed with the Armed Police Force personnel at Nepalgunj in the Banke district. The activists were demanding the release of Hiralal Loniya - district chairman of the MJF, who was arrested for killing a Maoist.

September 18

JTMM-J cadres led by their area in-charge Prithvi Singh abducted Laxmi Narayan Yadav, secretary of the Majhaura VDC of Siraha district, for failing to "pay taxes to the Terai government."

September 19

JTMM-G cadres abducted five civilians from the Rautahat district including Ramlochan Sah, former vice-chairman of Ramauli Bairiya VDC, CPN-UML activist Nagendra Prasad Patel, Junior Technical Assistant at Garuda sugar mill Shankar Sah, and two other residents of Ramauli Bairiya VDC.

September 20

Three civilians were killed in fresh mob violence between two groups at Jagdishpur in the Kapilvastu district. The government appointed a three member commission headed by Rajbiraj Appellate Court judge Lokendra Mallik, advocate Puspa Raj Koirala and Deputy Inspector General of Nepal Police Niraj Pun, to investigate into the violence.

Police arrested four cadres of the JTMM-J faction along with two China-made pistols, two muskets and 80 rounds of bullets at Banainiya ward-4 in the Saptari district. Similarly, police arrested three other JTMM-J cadres along with seven rounds of bullets from Ranjitpur area in the same district.

Security forces arrested two armed cadres of the JTMM-G from Badgama village in the Saptari district. One pistol loaded with two rounds of bullets was recovered from their possession.

September 21

JTMM-J cadres detonated an explosion near the house of Rajendra Bahadur Amatya, district president of the Nepali Congress, at Maisthan in the Parsa district.

September 24

Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Centre, a leading child rights non-governmental organisation in Nepal, has said in a report that 20 children from different villages in the Kapilvastu district are still missing while at least 100 children have been displaced in the aftermath of the violence which erupted on September 16. Though the exact number of disappeared is yet to be verified, the group said that at least 20 children are among those missing.

Prachanda said that the CPN-Maoist will not return to the government unless there is a "new political understanding". He stated that only a new cabinet formed on the basis of a new understanding would bring the Maoists back to the government. He also claimed that a new political agreement was likely within a few days.

The CPN-Maoist and the Communist Party of Nepal - Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (CPN-MLM) united to become the second largest party in the interim parliament. Maoist chairman Prachanda and CPN-MLM chairman Krishna Raj Shrestha signed an agreement at a function in Kathmandu in the presence of central leaders of both parties.

YCL cadres assaulted a student leader of the All Nepal National Free Student Union at Pokhara in the Kaski district and left him on the banks of the Seti River.

September 26

Maoists assaulted and injured 30 cadres of the CPN-UML's Dhading district unit who were campaigning for the Constituent Assembly elections.

Seven CPN-UML cadres were injured in the Pida village of Dhading district after the Maoists indiscriminately assaulted them with iron rods, sticks and other sharp weapons.

The Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Communication, Printing and Publication Workers' Union disrupted the collection and publication of advertisements in the Kantipur Publications.

September 27

Activists of the JTMM-J killed a civilian, identified as Ainul Miyan Ansari, at Gamharia Parsa VDC in the Rautahat district, for his alleged involvement in "robbery and abductions."

September 30

Maoists terminated the ongoing Constituent Assembly election awareness programmes in the Mahendranagar, Prakashpur, Bhadgaun Sinuwari, Gautampur, Khanar and Dharan-15 areas of Sunsari district.

Maoists vandalised the house of Durga Shrestha, a minister during the royal regime. The insurgents, who were staging a rally in Damauli, also pelted stones at the district development committee building and a hotel in the area. They also obstructed traffic on the Prithvi Highway for half an hour. Later, they staged a gherao of the district administration office, district development committee and district election office.

Activists of the pro-Maoist All Nepal Communication and Printing Publication Workers' Union resorted to vandalism in the Kantipur Publications complex in Minbhawan and its press at Koteshwore in Kathmandu and disrupted the publication of the two dailies - Kantipur and The Kathmandu Post - for the second time in the last one week.

YCL cadres urged a social boycott of the people indicted by the Rayamajhi Commission Report for suppressing the Jana Andolan (People’s Revolt) and said they would take them under control if the government failed to arrest.

October 1

Police arrested four cadres of the JTMM-G along with some weapons in Janakpur.

A team of five Maoist trade union activists forced all employees out of the Bharatpur press of the Kantipur Publications and threatened to kill them if they published the newspapers - Kantipur and The Kathmandu Post. The workers also threatened to bomb the Bharatpur office and press of the publications.

October 2

YCL cadres picketed the residences of former Home Minister Kamal Thapa and former Foreign Minister Ramesh Nath Pandey and chanted slogans against them.

Maoists have threatened to stop the voter education programmes in Panchthar district run by the District Election Office for the Constituent Assembly elections claiming that they were not consulted while appointing the teachers who were selected for the voter education programmes.

October 3

A group of Maoists abducted senior leader of the CPN-UML, Yagya Dhwaj Karki, along with his driver and accountant from Pulchowk in Kathmandu. Maoists have taken them to an unidentified location and have also captured their vehicle.

PLA cadres from the third division at Shaktikhor in Chitwan district staged a blockade of the East-West Mahendra Highway when police prevented them from carting timber into their camp at Shaktikhor.

The Baglung chapter of the Maoists demanded an immediate end to the recruitment to the 23rd brigade of Nepal Army saying that it was a violation of the comprehensive peace treaty between the government and the Maoists.

October 4

Maoists have resumed collecting 'tourism tax' from foreigners who are visiting Dhaulagiri peak and upper Dolpa, at Darbang bazaar in the Myagdi district. Police sources in Darbang said that the cadres of the YCL are forcibly collecting 15 US dollars from each tourist giving them the receipt of Magarat Mukti Morcha.

October 4

Cadres of the JTMM-J, led by Sarlahi district coordinator Ranjit Yadav, shot dead a youth, identified as Shankar Timilsina, at Ranigunj area in Sarlahi district.

October 5

Maoists abducted Birendra Shah, the Bara correspondent of Kathmandu-based Nepal F.M. from a place near Dagiya Basti in Bara district.

October 6

Seven persons were injured when workers of pro-CPN-UML Nepal Free Food and Beverages Workers' Union and the pro-Maoist Nepal Industrial Workers' Union clashed at the Pokhara Noodles Private Ltd in Kaski district.

10 persons were injured in a clash between the same two groups of workers in the Bhrukuti Pulp and Paper Mill at Gaindakot in Chitwan district. Three workers of the pro-UML Nepal Free Chemical and Iron Workers' Union and seven workers of the pro-Maoist All Nepal Industrial Workers' Union were also injured in the clash.

October 7

Five cadres of the Kishor Biswas faction of the MJF and three police personnel were injured in clashes at Duhabi in the Sunsari district.

Three cadres of the YCL and a cadre of the Madhesi Mukti Tigers were injured in a clash between the two groups at Captaingunj VDC-6 in Sunsari district.

Around 500 combatants were found underage (below 18 years of age) by the United Nations’ Mission in Nepal monitors in the 7th division of the PLA located in Kailali district. The underage combatants were found during the second stage verification conducted at the main cantonment site in Talbandh and three satellite camps in Sahajpur, Gorange and Badaipur.

October 8

JTMM-G cadres shot dead Ram Babu Sharma Neupane, the Khutawa Parsauni VDC secretary of Bara district.

JTMM-J cadres abducted three civilians, Kul Prasad Gautam, Jay Prakash Gautam and Nilkantha Gautam of Chitwan district, from Dharampur village in the Rautahat district. JTMM-J called the abductees’ family in Chitwan and demanded NR 2,00,000 as ransom for their release.

Maoists asked various government offices, VDC, educational institutions and vehicle owners to donate money to them. Each VDC has been asked to provide NR 15,000 while employees and teachers have been asked to give a sum equal to their monthly salary.

October 9

The United Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha cadres abducted and subsequently killed Nagendra Prasad Yadav, a teacher in the Khuttapiparadhi Lower Secondary School of Mahottari district.

Prachanda warned of a split in the SPA if the special session of the interim parliament starting on October 11 fails to resolve the prevailing political crisis in the country. He said: "If the special session did not resolve the crisis in the country, we will detach from the seven party alliance and launch agitation going to the people… The alliance could break and a political crisis could surface if we fail to reach an agreement."

October 11

YCL cadres in Kalikasthan Ghumti area of Rasuwa district are collecting "compensation" from local people accused of vandalizing the YCL party office on September first week. According to local people, the YCL cadres have written letters to seven persons demanding compensation ranging from NR 50,000 to NR 150,000 respectively.

October 15

YCL cadres captured a house and property belonging to the chairman of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party-Rastrabadi, Rajeshwar Devkota, at Aanp-peepal Teenpandit village in Gorkha district, accusing him of supporting the King to suppress the Maoists’ peoples’ war and misusing the state funds.

The representative of the United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal (OHCHR-Nepal), Richard Bennett, raised grave human rights concerns and issues with the Maoist leadership. A press release issued by the OHCHR-Nepal said that during the meeting with Maoist chairman Prachanda and senior leader Baburam Bhattarai on October 14, Bennett raised some specific issues, such as concerns about the rights to physical integrity, liberty and security, pointing to the use of violence, abduction and intimidation by the Maoist cadres and their affiliated organisations.

October 16

Maoists are reportedly forcibly collecting money from the vehicles plying on the Kathmandu-Manthali road in the Ramechhap district. Stating that they need assistance for war, the Maoists are collecting up to NR 5,000 from each loaded vehicle.

October 17

The CPN-Maoist in the Ilam district have reportedly made it mandatory for the government servants to make 'donations' to them, claiming that it is necessary to start a second Jana Andolan (people’s movement) to establish a republic in the country. The VDC secretaries in the district have received verbal or written instructions from Maoists to contribute NR 20,000 to NR 50,000 from the development budget. Maoists have also demanded NR 80,000 to NR 130,000 donations from different tea estates in the district.

October 18

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula said the Maoists will return to the government after the Dashain festival.

October 19

A parliamentary committee formed to probe the abduction of journalist Birendra Shah of Bara district revealed that local Maoist leaders were involved in the abduction.

October 21

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that the Nepali Congress is ready for a commitment proposal to announce a republic after the Constituent Assembly election, but is opposed to a fully proportional representation system as demanded by the Maoists. Koirala also stated that the Maoist proposal to adopt a fully proportional representation system would not be accepted by the Nepali Congress under any circumstances.

October 22

Senior Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai warned of quitting the interim parliament if the special session resuming October 29 fails to announce the country as a republic. He told reporters that his party would have no purpose being part of the interim parliament if its proposal to declare a republic fails. He said, "If the parties are not trying to save monarchy, there is no reason why the House cannot announce republic."

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that there is no immediate plan to bring the Maoists back into the government.

October 24

At least six activists of the MJF were injured as they were attacked by some members of the Nepali Congress in Janakpur.

Maoists abducted a district level leader of Nepali Congress, Ashok Karki, along with his two brothers and a nephew. Karki’s two brothers are identified as Rana Bahadur and Dhan Bahadur.

The JTMM-J announced extension of its unilateral cease-fire till November 17. Jwala Singh told journalists that the cease-fire has been extended taking into consideration the approaching festivals - Tihar and Chhath - which are celebrated by the people in the Terai region.

A group of around 25 YCL cadres led by one 'Bimal' took over lands belonging to four locals identified as, Raj Lal Mali, Gona Lal Parmani, Awadh Lal Parmani and another unidentified local in Kataiya VDC-4 of Saptari district. The YCL cadres even fenced off the lands after the capture.

YCL cadres assaulted and injured 14 locals of Dhaulagoha VDC in the Kalikot district for idol worshipping in defiance of YCL orders.

October 25

A group of JTMM-J cadres shot dead a civilian, Mohammad Taj Miyan, for allegedly spying against their organisation.

Senior Nepali Congress leader, Sushil Koirala, warned of a civil war in Nepal as the transition to peace is getting protracted. "If the transition protracts for long, the country’s existence could be wiped out. I see a big chance of a civil war here. The parties, especially the Maoists, need to understand this," Koirala said.

October 26

Cadres of the JTMM-J led by a local leader Barud Singh shot dead a civilian, identified as Mukti Karki, of Dumariya-7 in the Rautahat district

JTMM-J announced that it has resumed its armed struggle for an autonomous Madhes region after the end of the 13-day cease-fire.

October 27

Maoists abducted three persons from the Dhatibang VDC area in the Arghakhachi district. Maoist district secretary Chandra Bahadur Khadka said the three were taken away for interrogation about an incident that occurred five years ago.

Armed JTMM-G cadres abducted Suresh Prasad Sharma, an officer at the Agriculture Development Bank in Nawalparasi district, from his house at Ragopur VDC-9 of Siraha district and took him away at gunpoint.

YCL cadres led by their central committee member, Ashok, seized one Jyoti Farm at Parawanipur in the Parsa district. They said the farm was captured since it belongs to Rup Jyoti, one of the ministers during the King's rule.

YCL cadres threatened to kill three Nepali Congress activists in the Rasuwa district. The three NC cadres, identified as Bashu Pyakurel, Naranath Sinkhada and Shankar Lamichhane, were threatened on the charge of vandalising the YCL's office a few weeks ago.

October 28

At a seven party meeting, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala asked the Maoists to withdraw their demands of declaring the country a republic before the Constituent Assembly polls and of holding the polls on a fully proportional representation basis.

October 29

A group of armed cadres of the JTMM-J abducted 15 persons and seized five tractors from Chandi Khola in Bishram VDC -4 of Rautahat district.

JTMM-J cadres abducted Amir Yadav, secretary of Banainiya VDC of Saptari district. The JTMM-J's district coordinator, Kailash, claimed that he was abducted on the charges of committing financial irregularities of VDC budget.

Around 50-60 cadres of the YCL abducted Rabi Rana, consultant of the Nepali Congress-affiliated Nepal Tarun Dal, from Sallaghari in Bhaktapur district.

A group of YCL cadres led by Maoists' Gulmi district committee member Devi Ram Aryal severely assaulted a Nepali Congress cadre, identified as Amit K.C. of Chhaphile VDC-8 in the Gulmi district.

The Araniko unit of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Workers’ Association disrupted the highway demanding that the Araniko highway be declared a peace zone.

The Head of the United Nations’ Mission in Nepal, Ian Martin, has said that there are a significant number of minors in the Maoist army. ''There are significant numbers of Maoist soldiers who were found to be below 18 on the qualifying date,'' Martin told in an interview.

Maoist cadres from the Solukhumbu-Kathmandu Republic Forum abducted Surendra Kumar Rasaili, president of the Nepal Dalit Union, a sister organisation of the Nepali Congress, from Sukedhara area of Kathmandu. The Maoists took Rasaili to their office and assaulted him after interrogation.

October 30

Police arrested 12 YCL cadres on the charges of extortion and abduction on October 30 from Dhangadhi district. According to the Senior Superintendent of Police, Ganesh Rai, the 12 were arrested as they were attempting to abduct a local restaurant operator. Police also recovered five knives and seven lathis from their possession.

A senior Maoist leader, Barsha Man Pun a.k.a. Ananta, warned that the seven party alliance would break and the nation would face a grave crisis if the Maoist proposals tabled in the interim parliament is turned down. He said, "If the Maoist proposal of turning the country a republic through parliamentary declaration and adopting a fully proportional representation based electoral system is defeated by voting against it in the parliament, then there would be no meaning [for Maoist party] to continue to remain a part of the alliance."

October 31

A group of 10 Maoists assaulted and injured four villagers, including three members of a family, of Bharapa VDC in the Panchthar district. The Maoists who had come to settle a family feud assaulted Khadga Bahadur and his wife, sons Chakra and Man Bahadur and another woman.

Maoists abducted a Nepali Congress activist, identified as Dabale Lama, from the Bauddha area of Kathmandu.

Cadres of the Maoist-affiliated Kirat State Committee are reportedly extorting money from the trekkers at Ghat in the Solukhumbu district saying that they are collecting donations as per the decision of their district leadership. Though the Maoists claim that they are collecting voluntary donations from tourists, however, a tourist has to pay at least NR 100 to them. Similarly, the Maoists demand at least NR 50 each from trekking guides and NR 20 each from porters at Lukla.

November 1

Cadres of the YCL captured and severely assaulted two persons in the premises of Ministry of Local Development in Kathmandu. Around 10 YCL cadres captured construction entrepreneur Ram Kumar Ghimire and his neighbour Shiva Thapa from the premises of the ministry. They severely assaulted both of them before taking them to their office.

A group of around 50-60 YCL cadres abducted Dwarika Man Singh Pradhan, a former member of the now-defunct Rajparishad (Royal Council) in Dolakha district. YCL’s regional in-charge Bishal Khadka said Pradhan was taken into custody for investigation on increasing pro-royal activities in the name of development.

November 2

Kantipuronline reports that Maoists are forcibly collecting 'transportation tax' from vehicles in the Ramechhap district. The cadres have set up a barrier at the gateway of the district headquarters Manthali and demand NR 200 each from trucks and up to NR 100 from a bus.

November 3

Cadres of the JTMM-G abducted Surya Prasad Shah, a former VDC chairman in Saptari district. JTMM-G cadres also seized six bighas of land belonging to Shah in Ward No 8 in Deuri VDC-7 and also took away a motorbike.

Police arrested two Maoist cadres identified as Jaya Ram Yadav and Raj Kumar Yadav, central committee member and district committee member respectively of the Maoist-affiliated Madheshi Rastriya Mukti Morcha, in possession of a firearm, from Debahi VDC in Rautahat. Police recovered a pistol and a motorcycle from the two.

November 4

Maoists withdrew their proposal of immediate declaration of republic from the parliament and supported the CPN-UML amendment proposals. "We withdraw the proposal on the issue of republic without deviating from the content and the stand of their proposal and support the UML’s amendment proposal," Maoist spokesperson Krishna Bahadur Mahara said.

Maoists abducted two court employees, identified as Sashi Ram Bista and Khadka Bahadur Khadka, from Kholagaun area of the Rukum district while they were on duty.

November 5

A report prepared by the Maoists on the kidnapping of journalist Birendra Shah has revealed that Shah was murdered by his captors on the same day (October 5) he was kidnapped. The report which was made public on November 5 stated that Shah was shot and killed by the captors in the evening of October 05 at a jungle near Sapahi, in the Bara district. The report states that two Maoist cadres identified as Kundan Foujdar and Ram Ekwal Sahani shot Shah and were ordered by Lal Bahadur Chaudhary, the Bara district committee member and area in-charge of the Maoists, to bury the dead body.

Meanwhile, cadres of the JTMM-J killed a youth, identified as Dilawar Shah, of Janakpur Municipality-14 in Dhanusha district. JTMM-J’s military commander in Dhanusha district, Tiger Singh, has owned the responsibility for the killing.

According to Kantipuronline, Maoist cadres in Lamjung district are extorting money from the government employees. Maoists have sent letters to the government offices demanding a total of 12 days' salary from the employees. Maoists have also deputed teams of two to three of their cadres to each office with a letter asking the employees to "help them with donation" and receipts.

At Bhairahawa in the Rupandehi district, cadres of the YCL seized land and house belonging to Niranjan Thapa, a former minister during the king's rule, at Bhaiya area in Siddharthanagar Municipality-6. They also placed their party flag at the housetop, claiming the seizure.

Cadres of the JTMM-G shot and injured Hari Parajuli, an overseer with the District Development Committee in Bara district. JTMM-G’s Bara district chief, Birat, owned up the responsibility for the attempt on Parajuli’s life.

November 6

Cadres of the YCL assaulted leaders of Nepali Congress in Lamjung district on. Around 15 YCL cadres attacked four Nepali Congress leaders, identified as, Hari Bhakta Adhikary, Ram Chandra Adhikary, Gam Prasad Gurung and Ganesh Prasad Neupane. The NC leaders were attacked when they had gone to attend the annual function of Sarbodaya higher secondary school in Chandreshwore.

November 8

A report of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) has revealed that the latter part of Nepal's insurgency has witnessed a massive scale of abduction of students and teachers. The UNESCO study on the impact of conflict on education, which was made public on November 8, said that 22,000 students and 10,000 teachers were abducted between 2002 and 2006 while 734 teachers and 1,730 students were arrested or tortured during that period.

November 10

Seven people were injured when armed cadres of the YCL attacked them at Bhulkechowk in the Sunsari district. The YCL cadres attacked them after a dispute ensued over eve-teasing. Eight houses were reportedly damaged in the attack.

November 11

Two persons, including an assistant sub-inspector of police, were injured when Maoists assaulted them at Laxminagar in the Doti district.

November 12

A Nepali Congress cadre, who was abducted from the Kapilvastu district by the Maoists on November 2, was found dead. The dead body of Wakil Musalman, who was abducted from Sohrasa Bazaar in the Patariya VDC area, was recovered from Ward No. 6 of Lumbini Adarsha VDC.

November 13

A group of YCL cadres abducted one Suresh Khadka from the Mahankal area of Kathmandu accusing him of looting NR 14,000 from one Deusi-bhailo group during the Tihar festival on November 12.

Around 10 armed cadres of the JTMM-J assaulted a CPN-UML cadre, Yogya Bahadur Silwal, with a knife at his residence at Chankaul VDC, and seriously injured him.

Maoists and the Federal Limbuwan State Council are collecting tax since mid-September in the Panchthar and Raanke section of Illam district along the Mechi Highway. The amount is reportedly equal to the government’s tax on export goods from the district.

November 14

The government decided to provide special security to political party leaders and government employees working in the Terai districts. A Home Ministry press statement directed the concerned district administrations in Terai districts to request government employees, political party leaders and activists to stay within a certain security periphery and make special security arrangement at offices of public concern like court, Land Revenue, Land Reform Offices. Likewise, the Ministry also decided to increase police patrolling and further enhance coordination among security units in the districts.

November 15

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted a civilian, identified as Mohammad Bhutu, from the district headquarters of Siraha district. The abductors also also took away NR 70,000 cash and a motorcycle from his possession.

Maoists looted the house of a journalist, identified as Khadgasingh Tharu, at Ladaura of Naubasta-1 in the Banke district.

Cadres of the YCL are reportedly extorting thousands of rupees from livestock farmers in the Papung VDC area of Taplejung district. Farmers are being forced to pay more than what they earn and the YCL has fixed a certain amount of "tax" per sheep, goat and yak.

November 16

MJF chairman, Upendra Yadav, said that the forum is against the demand for a separate Madhesi state. He said: "We oppose the concept of a separate Madhes. What we want is an autonomous Tarai within a federal Nepal."

The CPN-Maoist listed a range of new demands, including immediate reshuffling of the interim cabinet, dissolution of the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, and early integration of the PLA into the Nepal Army. Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai said that the government must be restructured as early as possible in order to make it more representational. He demanded that the peace ministry be replaced by a powerful Peace Commission represented by all the parties.

November 17

JTMM-J cadres detonated a bomb at a petrol pump at Dewangunj in the Sunsari district since its proprietor, Deep Narayan Bhagat, had spied on the group.

November 18

YCL cadres abducted six persons, including doctors and directors of the Biratnagar-based Nobel Medical College and tortured them brutally for 14 hours at an unidentified location near Kamidanda in the Kavre district.

In the Sarlahi district, 63 VDC secretaries resigned citing the prevalent insecurity due to extortion and threats by various armed groups and the indifference of the authorities.

Civil servants and teachers in the Siraha district decided to shut down all government and non-government offices and educational institutions in the district for 11 days, starting from November 19 after their talks with the district administration ended inconclusively. The two unions are demanding guarantee of security for the government employees and teachers in the district.

Maoists captured three houses and 10 katthas (around 36, 382 square feet) of land belonging to a former royalist minister Kamal Thapa.

November 19

All 98 VDC secretaries in the Rautahat district announced their resignation complaining of threats of physical attack, intimidation and extortion.

70 VDC secretaries in the Bara district rendered their resignation because of the growing security threats to them from the various armed groups.

November 20

YCL cadres abducted three passengers and assaulted them at Bandre in the Nuwakot district. They also looted their mobile phones and NR 25,000 in cash.

The Maoists assaulted a journalist for defying their strike in the Siraha district, called to protest the arrest of two of their cadres.

CPN-Maoist announced the formation of separate teams to mobilise funds in the Kathmandu Valley, Gandaki, Lumbini, Biratnagar, Magarat and Tharuwan regions. The party said that the teams would "jointly work" with contractors, first class hotels, business companies and trading firms for mobilising financial resources for the party.

In the Bara district, 91 VDC secretaries tendered a collective resignation, citing the government’s inability to guarantee security to civil servants in the Terai region. The secretaries said that they were bound to resign as extortion, abduction, murder and attack on family members of the civil servants by different armed groups in the district had not stopped and the government has not taken any effective measures for their security.

November 21

Maoists seized around 95 bighas of land belonging to Sewantaraj Adhikari and Pramod Kumar Niraula of Hasandaha-1, Dandaraj Lamichhane of Sidraha-6 and the land belonging to the local trust in the Morang district.

CPN-Maoist chairman Prachanda warned that his party will offer the CPN-UML to lead the government if the present government does not implement the proposals on declaration of republic and proportional representation election system passed by the parliament.

APF personnel arrested eight cadres of the JTMM-G from Majhauliya VDC-3 area in the Siraha district on when they were making plans to carry out a robbery in a nearby village.

November 22

Maoists in the Morang district decided to resume their 'kangaroo courts' and revive their parallel government as tension between their party and the government has increased in recent days.

Maoists vandalised four vehicles near Chadranigahpur in the Rautahat district on the second day of their indefinite strike.

Police arrested 36 CPN-Maoist cadres, including cadres of the YCL, in the Rautahat district, where the Maoists organised an indefinite strike since November 20 demanding action against the guilty of Gaur Massacre.

November 23

The Indian Ambassador to Nepal, Shiva Shankar Mukherjee, refuted reports that criminals active along the Terai region in Nepal are based across the border in India. A statement from the Indian embassy in Nepal stated that, "This perception is totally misplaced." Mukherjee said that the Government of India and the governments of the concerned Indian States co-operate actively with Nepali authorities in controlling criminal activities across the open Nepal-India border, adding that India has substantially provided communication equipment to increase the capacity of the Nepal Police to tackle the problem.

November 24

Four Maoists and few villagers were injured when Maoists clashed with locals on a petty issue at Manthali, the headquarters of Ramechhap district. Later, the Maoists also clashed with the police who reached the incident site to contain the violence.

Secretaries of all the 76 VDCs in the Mahottari district left their VDCs because of the demand of money by the armed groups and the threat to their lives. According to VDC Secretary Rights Protection Centre, all the secretaries of 76 VDCs in the district left for the district headquarters after they received letters asking for a huge amount of money as donation, and life threats if they failed to pay demanded sum. They also decided to resign collectively if they were targeted even in the district headquarters.

In an emergency meeting called by the Nepal Association of Tour Operators (NATO), the tourism associations of Nepal raised ‘serious concern’ about the continuing Maoists’ donation drive and planned to meet the Prime Minister and the Home Minister to apprise them of the deteriorating law and order situation and complain them about the Maoist’s persistent demands for money. "The Maoists are asking for huge amount of money, between NR 20,000 to NR 2.5 million from the tourism entrepreneurs and associations and issuing threats if the donation demand is rejected," a business entrepreneur said.

Prachanda also said that all the past agreements have now become meaningless and that it is necessary to move ahead by forging a new understanding. "All the past agreements have been repeatedly flouted and now they have lost their meaning. So we have to forge a new understanding while still keeping the seven-party unity intact," he said.

November 25

Maoists attacked a Nepali Congress leader and the treasurer of the Raniwan VDC in the Okhaldunga district, Dev Bahadur Shrestha, and injured him seriously.

Maoist chairman Prachanda said that the Constituent Assembly elections should be held only after the integration of the PLA into the Nepal Army and the restructuring of the state.

Cadres of the CPN-Maoist seized the house of a Nepali Congress leader and chairman of Yasam VDC in the Okhaldunga district, Megh Bahadur Karki.

November 26

Senior Maoist leader C. P. Gajurel a.k.a. Gaurav warned that his party will not participate in the Constituent Assembly polls unless the monarchy is abolished before that. "Without abolishing monarchy, Constituent Assembly election is unimaginable. CPN-Maoist will not participate in the election as long as King is there," Gajurel said.

Another senior leader and a Central Committee member of the CPN-Maoist, Mohan Baidhya a.k.a. Kiran, admitted that the on-going criminal activities of the YCL have defamed the party and directed the YCL cadres to immediately stop such activities. He said that the acts of extortion, killing and kidnappings being carried out by the YCL cadres were against the decision of the Central Committee.

November 27

Senior Maoist leader Babu Ram Bhattarai said that the party would not give up the option of going back to the jungle if their demands are not fulfilled. "If our demands for a fully proportional electoral system and proclamation of a republic from parliament are not met we will go back to war," he said.

November 28

In the Gorkha district, Maoists eized about 35 muris (1750 Kilograms) of harvested rice from farmlands located in the Palungtar VDC-8 area, belonging to Rajeshwor Devkota, chairman of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party-Rastriyabadi.

November 29

The CPN-Maoist has reportedly, started a rice collection drive in the Bardiya district. It has sent letters to farmers asking them to donate between 10 and 100 quintals of rice to the Party. The Maoists have also threatened to kill those farmers who are unwilling to make "donations." Maoists also made similar demands from the farmers in the Banke district. They have demanded over one quintal of harvested rice per farmer in the name of 'seasonal donations' from the local farmers.

November 30

Cadres of the JTMM-J abducted an activist of the Janamorcha Nepal, identified as Pralhad Pokhrel, from Lahan in the Siraha district.

December 2

Police arrested three cadres of the JTMM-J in the Siraha district. They were identified as JTMM-J Siraha district in-charge Prem Paswan a.k.a. Bijaya, Sushil Mandal and Nagendra Paswan.

Secretaries of over 3,000 VDC across the country decided to hold nation-wide strikes to protest against the government’s indifference towards protecting them from atrocities by the armed groups in the Terai region.

A JTMM-J cadre, Jaswanta Singh, threatened to kill three journalists, Shiva Puri, Prabhat Jha and Sailendra Gupta, in the Rautahat district.

December 4

Maoists captured a house owned by one Bholaman Shrestha at Khandbari-1 in the Sankhuwasabha district on an unspecified date accusing him of being a feudal. They further declared that all the houses and lands belonging to Shrestha in the district were under their control.

The Nepal Sadbhavana Party unveiled its militant youth wing called Madhesh Raksha Bahini (Madhesh Security Brigade) at Birgunj in the Parsa district. Clad in sky-blue jackets, 122 cadres of the Bahini held a parade in Birgunj. The party’s district secretary Shiva Patel said the cadres were trained in self-defence tactics like using lathis, judo and karate and claimed that there were 23,000 such members across the country.

December 5

CPN-Maoist cadres assaulted and severely injured a foreign tourist, identified as Steve Jan from Switzerland, at Birethanti in the Kaski district as he did not pay the ‘tourist fee’ as demanded by them. Maoists reportedly demanded NR 1800 from Steve and assaulted him with bamboo sticks when he refused to pay them the money. Steve also disclosed that the Maoists are charging each tourist NR 100 per day.

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula revealed that only around 19,000 combatants of the PLA would be declared eligible to be included into the national army. Sitaula further said that a committee constituted by the Council of Ministers upon receiving the final verification report from the UNMIN would take necessary decision on the future of the PLA.

December 6

Police arrested over 45 persons affiliated to various armed groups operating in the Terai districts along with a number of unauthorised weapons from them.

December 7

CPN-Maoist cadres have reportedly forced the family of Til Bahadur Khadka in the Tulasipur municipality of the Dang district to live out of home for the last four months allegedly for not paying them a donation of NR 1.5 million.

December 8

Two persons were injured in a clash between cadres of the CPN-UML and the YCL in Bhojpur district.

December 9

YCL chairman Ganeshman Pun warned of forming a parallel government if the Nepali Congress disagrees to hold the Constituent Assembly polls on the basis of a proportional electoral system. Pun said that "Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala's right to stay as a Prime Minister will end if the proposal of proportional electoral system passed by the special session of the parliament was not implemented… If Prime Minister Koirala did not resign in such condition, a parallel government of republicans will be formed."

All the VDC offices remained closed across the nation due to a strike called by the VDC secretaries to protest against the government’s failure to provide them security.

Cadres of the JTMM-J killed a civilian, identified as Prem Raj Thapa, in Biratnagar of Morang district. JTMM-J Morang in-charge Kuber Singh confirmed that Thapa was killed by his cadres for cheating local youths in the name of sending abroad for employment.

December 10

Maoists threatened to kill a CPN-UML activist Agni Prasad Budhathoki, a resident of Syabrumba VDC in the Panchthar district, if he did not pay them NR 150,000 donation within three days.

Senior Nepali Congress leader and Minister for Science, Technology and Environment Mahantha Thakur and three other Members of parliament resigned from their respective posts and interim parliament saying that the move was necessary to bring the Madhesi "revolt to a logical conclusion." Citing same reasons, Hridayesh Tripathi of the Nepal Sadbhavana Party (Anandi Devi), Mahendra Prasad Yadav of the CPN-UML and Ram Chandra Raya of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party also tendered resignations as MPs to the Speaker.

December 11

Police arrested and subsequently released a Maoist, identified as Devendra Poudel, of Amalchaur-1 in the Baglung district with a pistol in his possession.

December 12

Cadres of the YCL obstructed traffic in the Gaighat bazaar of Udayapur district for two hours demanding action against the Armed Police Force personnel who assaulted their activists on December 11.

December 13

The CPN-Maoist gave a 48-hour ultimatum to Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala saying they would start a new movement from December 16 and seek to reshuffle the cabinet if their demands were not met.

December 15

A meeting of the top leaders agreed to hold the CA election within March-April 2008. As per the agreement, CA seats elected under proportional representative system have been increased to 335, fixing the total number of seats at 601. The number of seats elected under first-past-the-pole system will be 240 while the number of CA members to be nominated by the Prime Minister has been increased to 26 from 17. The leaders also agreed to amend the interim constitution, incorporating ‘democratic republic’, a provision to be endorsed by the first sitting of the CA.

December 16

Special Task Force personnel arrested 10 cadres of the Madhesi Mukti Tigers, including a woman, from Biratnagar in the Morang district. A Chinese pistol, five mobile sets, a motorcycle, and their donation pads, among others, were recovered from them.

December 17

The United Madheshi Front (UMF), comprising the Rajendra Mahato-led Nepal Sadbhawana Party and the MJF led by Upendra Yadav, announced nationwide protests to press for the rights of the Madheshi people from December 26. The UMF stated that it would hold protest programmes in the Terai towns such as Biratnagar, Birgunj, Janakpur, Bhairahawa, Butwal and Nepalgunj from mid-December to mid-January 2008.

A group of around 20 armed cadres of the Madheshi Mukti Tigers (MMT) attacked a police post at Madar in the Siraha district. Siraha district Superintendent of Police, Mingmar Lama, said that the MMT cadres detonated three socket bombs and fired from a homemade pistol towards police. However, no casualties were reported.

A team of the Special Task Force arrested two MMT cadres, identified as Ashok Yadav and Chandra Dev Yadav, from the Koshi area in Saptari district along with a bundle of letter head, some documents and donation receipts of the MMT.

December 18

Cadres of the JTMM shot dead two persons, identified as Pashupati Shrestha and Gajendra Shresth, in the Saptari district.

Maoists have reportedly demanded huge quantities of rice as donation from local farmers in the Sankhuwasabha district. They have also threatened to take strong action against those who fail to 'donate' rice to their party in time.

December 21

Kantipuronline reports that the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Auto Mechanic Workers Union has shut down offices of the Sipradi Trading Private Ltd, an authorised vehicle distributor, in the capital Kathmandu since December 5. Demanding the reinstatement of the two dismissed staff who had not completed their probationary period, the Union padlocked the company’s head office and service station at Naikap; showroom at Thapathali; as well as a service centre at Teku, Soaltee Mode and a spare parts showroom at Kalanki.

December 23

The Seven Party Alliance signed a 22-point deal agreeing to declare the country a federal democratic republic through the parliament, subject to implementation by the first meeting of elected Constituent Assembly.

December 24

Maoist chairman Prachanda said that his party will rejoin the interim government within a day or two. "We will return to the government in a day or two. There may be new faces... or we may even send the same persons to the cabinet," he said.

December 26

11 PLA cadres from Khairmara and Solu-Salleri brigades broke away from their outfit to join the JTMM-J. The cadres, led by the Solu-Salleri brigade commander Shikhar, complained that there was no ‘intra-party justice’ in the outfit.

Police arrested Dinesh Sah, the JTMM-J military commander, and an Indian national identified as Binod Kumar Yadav from Bhrikutichowk in Biratnagar on the charges of supplying weapons to the cadres of the outfit involved in the murder and abduction people belonging to the Pahade community in the Terai region.

December 27

YCL cadres in Kavre summoned R. L. Sramajibi, editor of Kavre Times, to furnish a statement over a road accident that occurred three years ago.

December 28

Nepal turned into a federal democratic republic with the passage of the third constitution amendment bill by the parliament. As per the amendment, the Prime Minister will bear all the responsibilities of the head of the state until the CA election. A simple majority of the CA will implement the federal democratic republican order.

Madheshi leaders from various parties, who had resigned from the parliament as well as their parties, have announced the formation of a new party, the Terai Madhesh Loktantrik Party under the leadership of former minister Mahanta Thakur. In a special function held in the capital, Thakur said, "Our aim is to achieve republican, democratic, federal Nepal and Terai-Madhesh - One Province with right to self determination." He said the new party is not against CA, but would like to see concerns of Madheshi people addressed first.

December 30

The CPN-Maoist rejoined the interim cabinet after three and half months of their walkout from the government. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala appointed five CPN-Maoist nominees, including Pampha Bhusal as Minister for Women, Children and Social Welfare, Krishna Bahadur Mahara as Minister for Information and Communication, Dev Gurung as the Local Development Minister, Hisila Yami as the Physical Planning and Works Minister and Matrika Yadav as the Forest and Soil Conservation Minister.

MJF chief Upendra Yadav called for a fourth amendment in the constitution saying that the third amendment was inadequate to address concerns of Madheshi people. Yadav said that the third amendment had been passed by the parliament just to appease the Maoists. He said that the fourth amendment should ensure a constitutional provision stating there would be autonomous states.

December 31

Seven cadres of the All Nepal National Free Students Union affiliated to the CPN-UML and a former VDC secretary were injured when the YCL cadres attacked them during a programme at Salmechakal in the Kavre district.





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