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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 51, June 25, 2012

Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal


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J&K: Lingering Irritants
Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

Despite further consolidation in the security situation in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), a range of irritants continues to throw up challenges for the administration. The Union Ministry of Defence, in its latest Annual Report (2011-12), thus noted:
The security situation in J&K has been stable in 2011 with an overall reduction in violence. However, it has the potential to deteriorate at short notice. Pakistan's support to the ongoing proxy war continues unabated, the terror infrastructure, both in Pakistan/ PoK [Pakistan occupied Kashmir], remains intact. The Pakistan-Terrorist-Separatist nexus continues their (sic) attempts to foment trouble with an aim to internationalise the Kashmir issue.

In a similar tenor, the then General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Srinagar-based 15 Corps, Lieutenant General Ata Hasnain, now Military Secretary to Chief of Army Staff General Bikram Singh, on June 8, 2012, had observed, “The situation in Kashmir is unpredictable and dynamic. It changes colours fast.”

Terrorism-related fatalities in J&K have declined considerably, at 42 [including 29 militants, eight civilians and five Security Forces (SF) personnel] in 2012 [according to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) database, till June 24]; as compared to 74 fatalities (including 41 militants, 21 civilians and 12 SFs) during the corresponding period in the previous year. The militants continue to carry out attacks at regular intervals, more so, in the State Capital Srinagar. Inspector General of Police (IGP, Kashmir zone) S.M. Sahai, on May 18, 2012, noted that the militants were trying to carry out attacks in Srinagar and that “Srinagar is being used for transit by militants.”

The capital city has witnessed as many as nine incidents of violence, including two involving killings. In the latest of these, in the afternoon of June 15, 2012, militants shot dead a Block President, Abdul Rehman Ganaie, of the ruling National Conference (NC) in Srinagar. A March 19, 2012, report disclosed that Members of the Legislative Assembly and top Government officials had been advised not to make frequent visits to markets in view of regular inputs regarding the terrorist presence in the city.

Further, according to a Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) report, as many as 14 attempts at staging terror attacks in the Kashmir Valley had been interdicted till March 2012. In one such incident, on May 17, 2012, Police averted a major tragedy when a car, laden with multiple Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), was detected and the xplosives defused, on the Nowgam bypass road in Srinagar.

In another worrying development, wary of the Government machinery reaching to the grass root level, the extremists have been pressurising and threatening the panchayat (village level local self Government institution) members to resign. Around 300 panchayat members in South Kashmir resigned in the preceding three weeks after threats from militants, according to a June 23, 2012, report. Significantly, local newspapers carried notices of at least seven panchayat members, including women, from Rajpora in Pulwama District, announcing their resignations on June 8, 2012. A woman panch (member of the panchayat), Ameena Bano, from ward number 8 of Village Sahpora in Pulwama, in her resignation advertisement stated, "Without coming under any influence from any political or apolitical body, I am resigning from the post of panch. In future, I have nothing to do with this post and I will have no connection with any political or apolitical body." The Government, however, claims that they have not received any resignation officially. At least one panchayat member was killed and several others were injured during the year. Notably, an average voting of 76.87 per cent was reported in a largely peaceful 17-phases panchayat election that was conducted between April 13, 2011 and June 27, 2011.

In spite of the Valley being comparatively free of major law and order or civil disturbances of the nature seen in summer of 2010, there have been repeated attempts to incite mass violence. At least four such attempts have been recorded in 2012, with the most recent in Bandipora town, where a two day shutdown was observed in protest against the alleged desecration of the Quran on June 16, 2012. Sporadic protests were also recorded in other places, including Srinagar. Clearly, the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) devised after the 2010 summer unrest, and implemented since early 2011, have been successfully implemented, ensuring that there were minimal injuries during the quelling of protests.

Meanwhile, confirmation of India’s enduring stand that the mischief in J&K is fomented by Pakistan came from US attorney Neil MacBride’s explanation of the conviction and sentencing of Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai, Executive Director of the US based Kashmiri American Council (KAC), where he observed that the protest movement in Jammu and Kashmir was never 'indigenous' in nature and was financially and logistically supported by Pakistan’s Inter Service Intelligence (ISI) from the very outset. The KAC, MacBride asserted, was run by the ISI, and the All Party Hurriyat Conference-Mirwaiz (APHC-M) Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq was also "supported and controlled" by the ISI. Fai was arrested in July 2011 and was sentenced on March 30, 2012, to two years in prison, for operating as an undeclared agent of the ISI.

Meanwhile, after pressure from within, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, on May 31, 2012, suspended former Chairman, Abdul Gani Bhat, for his remarks on the irrelevance of the United National Security Council Resolutions on J&K, and his proposal for a joint political front of the separatist Hurriyat Conference with pro-India political parties such as the NC and the People's Democratic Party (PDP). Another two members were also suspended. The rift within the Hurriyat may have repercussions on the security scenario, and Central agencies have asked the State Police to tighten security around APHC-M leaders, especially Abdul Gani Bhat, amid reports that terrorists may carry out assassination attempts to vitiate the atmosphere.

Significantly, there are still an estimated 250 terrorists operating in the Sate – 147 in the Kashmir Valley and about 100 in the Jammu region. The Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HM) accounts for nearly 35 to 40 per cent of all terrorists in the State and is presently the "most active" outfit in the Valley, after Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), in terms of strength and capability. Intelligence inputs indicate, further, that there are some 42 terrorist training camps in Pakistan and PoK, and a majority of these are reported to be active. These camps house an estimated 2,000 to 2,500 terrorists, with around 300 currently located at launching pads along the Pakistan border and Line of Control (LoC).

Despite intensive efforts to contain cross-border infiltration, including round-the-clock surveillance and patrolling and the establishment of observation posts, border fencing and flood-lighting, infiltration attempts from across the LoC continue unabated. Further, confronted with the strong security efforts along the LoC and border, terrorists are also adopting the alternative route, flying from Pakistan to Dhaka in Bangladesh and Kathmandu in Nepal, and then infiltrating into India from the two countries, which share borders with India, principally along the States of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Pakistan also continues to violate the Cease-fire Agreement (CFA) of November 26, 2003, which had held without major incident till General Pervez Musharraf’s departure in 2008. The year 2012 has already recorded 18 CFA violations [till June 24, 2012], ordinarily initiated by Pakistani Forces to facilitate terrorist infiltration across the border and LoC. Among these was the succession of incidents initiated on May 30-31, 2012, when Pakistani Rangers opened fire at Regal Post on the International Border (IB) in Samba sector, injuring a Border Security Force (BSF) trooper. The trooper subsequently died. Since then, Pakistan has initiated repeated firing, with at least six CFA violations recorded in June (till June 24, 2012), with another trooper killed, and several injured. 

Continuous flows of funds to terrorists and subversive fronts have been recorded, both within India and internationally. The then Acting Director General of Police K. Rajendra noted, on June 11, 2102, that various channels were being exploited for terrorist funding, including money transfers, the depositing of money into the accounts of Over Ground Workers (OGWs) from third countries, hawala, etc. "Other banking channels of funding militancy are also being used", he added. The LoC trade was also being used to fund militancy in the State, he observed, with the under-invoicing of goods emerging as the principal modus operandi. He disclosed that six cases had been registered in the funding of militancy through LoC trade routes of Uri and Poonch, though he did not define the period during which these cases were registered.

On May 24, 2012, the final report – ‘A New Compact with The People of Jammu and Kashmir’ of the Group of Interlocutors for J&K was released. The Central Government-appointed Interlocutors favoured setting up a Constitutional Committee to review all Central Acts and Articles of the Constitution of India to the State extended after 1952. It also called for making Article 370 of the Constitution as a special provision of the State by deleting the word temporary from the Constitution. The report ruled out a return to the pre-1953 position, a major demand of the ruling NC. The report also made no mention of the PDP’s self rule proposals or any other ‘vision document’ of diverse separatist formations and leaders.  The Interlocutors – Dileep Padgaonkar, Radha Kumar and M.M. Ansari – had submitted their report in October 2011. They were appointed by the MHA in October 2010. Expectedly, however, the report has widely been ridiculed as ‘old wine in a new bottle’, with all the principal parties rejecting its proposals.

In the meanwhile, the Governments, both at the Centre and in the State, continue to push forward a range of counterproductive measures which could well prove detrimental to the consolidating peace at a time when, as Lt. Gen. Hasnain expressed it, “the fast evolving geo-strategic environment in the region has the potential to reignite militancy in Kashmir post-2014 US exit from Afghanistan”. Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has directly and repeatedly brought up the issue of the removal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from at least five Districts of the State, including Srinagar, often at times of significant public tension. The State Government has already de-inducted three Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) battalions and removed 43 Central Paramilitary Forces (CPMFs) bunkers from Srinagar. This was in addition to 80 bunkers, mostly from Srinagar, removed in 2011. Another 25 bunkers are to be removed in 2012. As many as 12 battalions of BSF and CRPF have been withdrawn from the State since 2009. Indeed, Lieutenant General Syed Atta Hasnain, the then Corps Commander, 15 Corps, on June 8, 2012, observed that the dilution of security presence was already fuelling terrorist efforts to regroup: "We have reduced the night patrolling in the areas of South Kashmir and this may be the reason that militancy has been revived to some extent in South Kashmir especially in the Pulwama District." Further, casting some doubts over the proclaimed ‘successes’ of the State’s Rehabilitation Policy for terrorists announced on November 23, 2010, reports indicated that some of the militants who returned after the Policy announcement had rejoined the militancy.

A reduction of the military and paramilitary footprint in J&K, and the surrender and rehabilitation of militants is, of course, always desirable. Nevertheless, premature steps in these directions can have significant adverse consequences, and the approach to ‘normalization’ in the terror-wracked State should be cautious and rooted in the realities of the ground. The tremendous gains of the past years, secured at great cost in blood and suffering, remain tentative and fragile, and can quickly be dissipated by haste and political gamesmanship.

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Staggering Backwards
Fakir Mohan Pradhan
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

On October 12, 2011, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda told party Vice President Mohan Baidya aka Kiran that there was no sense in the latter remaining in the Party, if his hard-line faction continued to function in a parallel manner. Dahal observed that it would be better for Baidya to part ways, if the party's decisions, norms, values and discipline were to be continuously violated by the hard-line faction.  

Finally, on June 19, 2012, after nearly a year of functioning as a ‘party within the party’, Mohan Baidya caused a vertical split, forming a new party to “accomplish the remaining tasks of the people’s revolution.”   The official announcement came on June 19, following a decision to the effect taken during a three-day national convention organized by his faction in Kathmandu from June 16 to June 18. The new party has been christened ‘Communist Party of Nepal, Maoist’ (CPN-M). The name is very similar to that of the Matrika Yadav-led CPN (Maoist), though the new party’s Central Committee (CC) member Bharat Bam points out that they have avoided any parenthesis in the name.  

The hard-line national convention, attended by around 2,000 cadres, declared Baidya the Chairman of the new party, with Ram Bahadur Thapa as its General Secretary, Chandra Prakash Gajurel its Secretary and Netra Bikram Chand and Dev Gurung, Politburo members. It also formed a five-member Standing Committee comprising these five leaders. Besides them, other members of the Politburo were Kul Prasad KC aka Sonam, Hari Bhakta Kandel, Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma, Narayan Sharma, Pampha Bhusal, Indra Mohan Sigdel, Dharmendra Bastola and Hitman Shakya. The convention also elected a 44-member CC. The 44 were also CC members in the mother party. 

On June 19, 2012, Baidya declared that his party was against parliamentary politics and that it might not even register with the Election Commission.

Mohan Baidya has the support of 48 CC members out of 148 and 72 out of 236 UCPN-M members of the dissolved Constituent Assembly (CA). Further, the CPN-M has claimed that 19 of the 26 chiefs of the parent party’s ‘sister organizations’ have come into its fold.  “Of the remaining seven organizations, four sister organizations have majority of former chairman [Dahal] and three others have majority of Baburam Bhattarai,” Suresh Ale Magar, General Secretary of the Aadibasi-Jaatiya Kshyatriya Mahasangh, Nepal, claimed, "but majority of leaders in those organizations are on our side." 

Magar also asserted that the chiefs of all 19 ‘sister organizations’, including the All Nepal Women´s Association (Revolutionary); Revolutionary Journalists Association; All Nepal Farmers’ Federation (Revolutionary); Society of Disappeared Fighters Families, Nepal; All Nepal Progressive Health Workers’ Association; All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union-Revolutionary; Nepal National Intellectuals Organization; Federation of National Industries and Commerce, Nepal; Dalit Liberation Front; All Nepal Ex-servicemen´s Organization; and Nepal National Industry and Commerce Organization, were in their front. 

Similarly, the chiefs of the Unified All Nepal Cultural Federation, All Nepal Teachers’ Organization, All Nepal Trade Union Federation, Nepal National Government Employees Federation, Nepal National University Teachers’ Organization, All Nepal Landless Association, along with more than 80 per cent of leaders and cadre are claimed to have joined the Baidya-led Party. 

The CPN-M (Baidya) has declared that its ultimate goal was to establish a ‘People's Republic’ through People's War. 

The Mohan Baidya faction has argued that the ultimate goal of establishing a ‘people’s republic’ was no longer possible under the leadership of Prachanda and Bhattarai, as both had done irreparable damage to this aspiration by dismantling the PLA, handing over the keys to the arms’ stores, making the base areas and the parallel system of government dysfunctional, and failing to draft the Constitution. Only the ‘people’s war’ can secure the objective of the People's Republic. The Prachanda-Bhattarai ‘clique’ is now viewed as a ‘revisionist forces’, and the Baidya faction has also accused the ‘establishment faction’ to have failed to defend the party line of anti-fudalism and anti-imperialism, and to have succumbed to Indian ‘hegemony’. The Baidya faction views India as an ‘imperial power’, and as the principal enemy of the ‘revolution’.  

Significantly, Baidya was arrested by Indian authorities in Siliguri in West Bengal (India) on March 28, 2004. Earlier, CP Gajurel aka Gaurav, Politbureau member of the original CPN-Maoist, was arrested at Chennai airport on August 20, 2003, while attempting to escape to Europe on a fake passport. A number other Nepalese Maoist leaders were also arrested in India. Both Baidya and Gajurel were released from Indian jails on November 30, 2006, and both feel they were set up by their own party. At that time they blamed Bhattarai and leaders close to him for their arrests, forcing the party to sack some leaders, including Devendra Paudel, Kalpana Dhamala and Devendra Parajuli. Baidya and Gajurel, moreover, enormously resent the fact that some of the most crucial decisions of the party, which altered the course of the movement, were taken while they were in jail in India. 

Then, in 2005, the Party´s meeting at Chungang, Rukum, adopted the political line of a “democratic republic”, as against a “people’s republic” in the first manifest attempt to abandon the Maoist revolutionary doctrine. The Chungang Meet had paved the way for the signing of the 12-point deal with the then Seven-party Alliance (SPA), in India in November 2005. The Baidya faction interpreted the 12-point agreement as a dissociation from the leftist and "revolutionary" parties and an increasing proximity with parliamentary parties. The Baidya faction also opposed the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement as a betrayal of the people, country and "revolution".  

Since his release, Baidya has been opposing the line taken by Prachanda and Bhattarai at various forums within the party. The divide has widened progressively, especially since the four-point agreement with the Madheshi parties. Later, the faction also had strongly opposed the party decision to hand over the keys of the arms containers to the Government and the process of integration of the PLA with the Nepal Army (NA). It also accused the establishment faction of indulging in corruption in the payment of compensation. The Baidya faction also saw the integration process as a sort of coup by the NA, in view of the deployment in the cantonments on April 10, 2012.

The Baidya faction believes that “the objective circumstances are favorable for revolution but we should create the subjective circumstances for revolution.” In the document that Baidya presented at the hard-line convention of June 16-18, it was concluded that all national and international circumstances are also conducive to revolution, and that "capitalist" parties like the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) were in crisis, and there was no possibility of the revival of "old forces" like the monarchy. Likewise, it concluded that the "capitalist and imperialist" countries were also in crisis. In the document, Baidya labeled UCPN-M Chairman Dahal and Vice-chairman Bhattarai as the main obstacles to an immediate people´s revolt. “The [national and international] situation is favorable for revolution but there is no possibility of an immediate revolution because of Dahal and Bhattarai, who deviated from the revolutionary line,” the document stated.

A Politburo meeting of the newly formed CPN-Maoist has decided to unveil various ‘protest programmes’ to create awareness about national independence, increase pressure on the Government to address the day-to-day problems faced by the public, and organise orientation programmes for cadres to justify the party split. The faction is also laying groundwork to make new appointments of office bearers and Politburo and Central Committee members. Leaders state that, once the 75-member Central Committee is given full shape, they will make appointments in these party units, and will concretize the party's tactical and strategic orientation. It is clear, however, that the ‘ultimate goal’ has already been defined as the establishment of a ‘People's Republic’ through a revolt or People's War.

Prachanda has responded to the split, dismissing the newly-formed party as a group of ‘petty bourgeois anarchists’. He also claimed that Baidya’s move would only help a counterrevolution, declaring, "It is ridiculous that the newly-formed party aims to launch people’s war and people’s revolt, criticizing the former decisions taken by the party.”

The split in the UCPN-M and the creation of the CPN-M (Baidya) has again raised the spectre of violence in Nepal, with the new formation openly declaring its commitment to revolution and the ‘people’s war’. Nevertheless, there is little danger of a quick hurtle into violence, as the nascent group has little current capacity for sustained violence, and obstacles to the creation of a new ‘people’s army’ and the acquisition of necessary resources and weaponry will be great. Nevertheless, given the instability and political chaos in Nepal, and a significant pool of frustrated ex-CPN-M armed cadres, the danger of a new armed movement are real. The Baidya faction’s ideological and strategic position, moreover, will bring it close to India’s Maoists, and the possibility of support and cooperation from this group would be significant. That bodes ill, both for Kathmandu and for New Delhi.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
June 18-24, 2012



Security Force Personnel











Left-wing Extremism






Total (INDIA)








Khyber Pakhtunkhwa





Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


ICT-2 court indicts JeI leader Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed: The International Crimes Tribunal-2 (ICT-2) on June 21 indicted Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) leader Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed (64) with seven charges, including murder, torture, and imprisonment of people, genocide, and hatching a conspiracy to kill intellectuals during the Liberation War. Mojaheed is now secretary general of the JeI and he was as a minister during the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)-led four-party alliance rule in 2001-2006. Daily Star, June 22, 2012.

BNP-JeI activists killed 22,000 AL men, alleges Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on June 21 alleged that Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)-Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) men killed around 22,000 leaders and activists of Awami League (AL) during their tenure. She said BNP not only unleashed such brutalities against AL leaders and workers but also against members of the minority community. Daily Star, June 22, 2012.


Six persons killed in a clash between Naga militant factions in Manipur: Six persons were killed in a gun battle between Naga militant groups that took place in the remote Haochong village, located about 68 kilometers North of Nungba Police Station, in Tamenglong District at about 2.30am on June 21. The killed persons include two civilians, two cadres of Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) and one Zeliangrong United Front (ZUF) cadre. Another killed militant has not been identified. The Sangai Express, June 22, 2012.

IM is a LeT front, India tells Pakistan: India has for the first time lodged a strong protest with Pakistan and given concrete evidence proving that IM, which has been responsible for a series of bomb blasts across the country, is a front of terror outfit Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT). New Delhi has also categorically told Islamabad that LeT was using the Pakistani soil to give training and other logistical support to the IM. Deccan Herald, June 18, 2012.

71 elected representatives of civic bodies in Gadchiroli of Maharashtra resign due to Maoists threat: Seventy one elected representatives of civic bodies in Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra have resigned from their posts, apparently due to Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) threat. Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Gadchiroli Zilla Parishad (ZP, district level local self-Government institution) Sumant Bhange on June 20 said 71 elected representatives have resigned in the last one month.

No nomination has been filed in 132 out of 139 gram panchayats going for polls on June 24 in CPI-Maoist-affected Gadchiroli District. Only candidates in five wards in four gram panchayats (GPs) have dared to contest the elections in entire District. The Indian Express, June 21, 2012, , Times of India, June 22, 2012.

New militant group floated in Meghalaya: A new outfit, Hynniewtrep People's Liberation Front (HPLF), has reportedly been floated in Khasi-Jaintia Hills Districts. Sources informed that the HPLF has been formed by certain surrendered Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) members. The Shillong Times, June 21, 2012.

New militant group formed in Assam: A new militant formation, namely United Karbi Liberation Army (UKLA), has been formed in Karbi Anglong District, as reported on June 21. UKLA 'publicity secretary' Angtar Phura said that the outfit would fight for the Statehood demand. Sentinal Assam, June 21, 2012.


UCPN-M formally splits: The Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M), the largest party in the dissolved Constituent Assembly, has formally split with the dissident Mohan Baidya faction announcing the formation of a new party, Communist Party of Nepal, Maoist (CPN-M). The Baidya faction announced the new party at the end of the three-day national gathering of its cadres at Sherpa Sewa Kendra in Bouddha, Kathmandu on June 18. Nepal News, June 19, 2012.

'My party is against parliamentary politics and that it might not even register with EC', says Chairman of newly formed CPN-Maoist Mohan Baidya: Chairman of the newly formed Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist) Mohan Baidya on June 19 said his party was against parliamentary politics and that it might not even register with the Election Commission. He also accused the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda and Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai of ruining the achievements of the 'people's war' and compromising the party's basic principles. Nepal News, June 21, 2012.


26 militants and 11 SFs among 42 persons killed during the week in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: The Afghanistan-based Pakistan militants attacked a military convoy on June 24 in Upper Dir District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, resulting in the killing of at least 21 persons, including 11 militants and 10 soldiers. As many as 15 militants and one Security Force (SF) official were killed and two SFs were injured, when terrorists from Afghanistan attacked Karakar security check post (near Afghan border) in the Barawal area of Upper Dir District on June 22 .

A bomb on a donkey cart killed three people at a Sufi shrine in Peshawar on June 21.

Daily Times; The Dawn; The News ; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post ; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer,

24 militants and 10 SFs among 39 persons killed during the week in FATA: The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed on June 22 that they had beheaded seven Security Force (SF) personnel, who were kidnapped on June 21 after a clash with Security Forces (SFs) near Laddah in South Waziristan Agency (SWA) of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

At least 11 militants were killed and three others received injuries when jetfighters pounded their positions in Sharqi and Janata areas of South Waziristan Agency on June 21 .

At least 13 Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militants were killed and several others injured when helicopter gunships bombed their positions in Tirah valley of Khyber Agency on June 20.

Three people, identified as Murtaza Khan, Jaffar Khan and Namdar Khan, were killed and two others Mir Shah Gul and Noor Din, received injuries when mortar shells hit a caravan of migrating tribesmen, (IDPs) at Mandani Kallay locality of Ali Sherzai area in Orakzai on June 18. Daily Times; The Dawn; The News ; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post ; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, June 19-25, 2012.

20 civilians and nine SFs among 30 persons killed during the week in Balochistan: At least four Policemen were shot dead in an ambush at Bakra Mandi area of Eastern Bypass, on outskirts of Quetta, the capital of Balochistan on June 24.

At least eight persons (Sindhis), including a Policeman, were killed and another was injured in an attack by unidentified militants in Mill area of Sariab Road area of Quetta in Balochistan on June 23.

Three persons, Muhammad Irfan, Hafeezullah and Ahmed of Bugti tribe, were killed when their motorcycle hit a landmine in Pat Feeder area of Dera Bugti District on June 21.

At least five students were killed and 53 injured in a suicide attack that targeted a university bus near Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) office on Samungli Road in Quetta on June 18.Daily Times; The Dawn; The News ; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post ; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, June 19-25, 2012

Kabul Ashura attack was planned in Peshawar by "regional spy agencies", alleges Attorney General Eshaq Aloko: Afghan authorities on June 19 said 'regional spy agencies' were behind the December 6, 2011, suicide attack in Kabul targeting a Shia gathering that killed more than 80 people in a veiled reference to Pakistani intelligence. Attorney General (AG) Eshaq Aloko said the attack was planned in Peshawar, by "regional spy agencies" aimed at "provoking sectarian violence," adding, "Although the Jhangvi group claimed responsibility, it was masterminded by some spy agencies in our neighbouring countries." The Dawn, June 20, 2012.

Pakistan ranks 13th in failed states index, reveals Foreign Policy magazine report: Pakistan has been placed 13th in the latest ranking of failed states compiled by Foreign Policy magazine. Pakistan with 101.6 points, the magazine said, is ranked 13th, a slight improvement from the previous two years. In 2011, it was ranked 12th in the list of failed states, while in 2010 and 2009 it was ranked 10th. Daily Times, June 20, 2012.

Federal Government asks Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor to hold talks with TTP leader Hafiz Gul Bahadur on polio vaccination ban: The Federal Government on June 20 asked the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Syed Masood Kausar to try to enter into dialogue with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in North Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to pave the way for vaccination of children. A letter sent to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Syed Masood Kausar by Shahnaz Wazir Ali, focal person for polio at the Prime Minister's Polio Eradication Cell Secretariat requested the Governor to start talks with the TTP through the political agent of North Waziristan. The Dawn, June 21, 2012.

US diplomats in Pakistan facing harassment, says US State Department: US diplomats working in Pakistan face increasing harassment amid a sharp deterioration in ties in the wake of last year's killing of Osama bin Laden, a State Department report said on June 21. Such harassment and obstruction is described by US embassy staff as "deliberate, willful and systematic," according to the 76-page report. Express Tribune, June 22, 2012.

Supreme Court disqualifies Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani: The Supreme Court (SC) on June 19 disqualified Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, in what was the culmination of a two-and-a-half-year-long clash between judiciary and executive. The SC said a bench of seven judges through its judgement dated April, 26, 2012, followed by the detailed reasons released on May 8, 2012, had found Yousuf Raza Gilani guilty of contempt of court under Article 204(2) of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, read with Section 3 of the Contempt of Court Ordinance, 2003 and sentenced him to undergo imprisonment until the rising of the court under Section 5 of the said ordinance, and since no appeal was filed against the judgement, the conviction has attained finality. Daily Times, June 20, 2012.

The Pakistan People's Party (PPP) candidate Raja Pervaiz Asharaf has been elected as the 25th Prime Minister (PM) of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on June 22. The newly elected PM and a new federal cabinet was sworn in at the Presidency in Islamabad. Twenty seven new federal ministers and 11 new ministers for state took oath; most of them were part of the previous cabinet as well. The Dawn, June 23, 2012.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

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