Chhattisgarh: Blundering On:Tribal Militia: Defenceless under Fire::South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR), Vol. No. 10.7
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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 7, August 22, 2011

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South Asia Terrorism Portal


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Chhattisgarh: Blundering On
Fakir Mohan Pradhan
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

In the biggest attack on Security Forces (SFs) in Chhattisgarh, so far this year, Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres ambushed a Police party in Metlaperu village forests in the Bhadrakali Police Station area of Bijapur District on August 19, 2011, killing 11 Policemen and one civilian.

According to Chhattisgarh Additional Director General of Police (Naxal operations), Ram Niwas, two teams of SF personnel were sent for patrolling from Bhadrakali and Bhopalpatnam Police Stations. One of them comprised Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and District Police personnel, while the other consisted of Chhattisgarh Armed Force (CAF) troopers. The two teams met on the way and, after completing a joint patrol, separately headed back to their respective Police Stations. The CAF team heading towards the Bhadrakali Police Station chose to hitch a ride in a tractor. The CAF squad came under heavy fire from the Maoists in the Metlaperu forests. When Police followed the Maoists into the forest, they were again attacked, and 11 Policemen and the tractor driver were killed in the encounter [it is not clear how the CAF squad was ‘following’ the Maoists into the forest on a tractor, after they had already been in a fire fight]. Ram Niwas added that, though at least four Maoists were killed by the Police, their bodies could not be recovered.

An unnamed senior officer regretted that the deaths were due to laxity. “The police team had successfully repelled the Naxals [Left-Wing Extremists] at the first instance. There was no need for Policemen to sit on a tractor, especially in such hostile terrain.”

Earlier, Anil M. Navaney, the State’s newly appointed Director General of Police (DGP) had declared, on July 18, "The campaign against the Naxalites will continue and Police have an efficient strategy in place to combat that menace.” Further, in a reflection on the state of affairs within the Police leadership, during a meeting in Raipur on August 6, Navaney told officers to focus on the issue instead of indulging in party politics, and to assist the headquarters in its strategy to tackle the Maoists. According to reports, the Government was planning to launch massive anti-Maoist operation simultaneously in the dense forests of the Bastar Division as well as the Gariyaband Police District in Raipur District – in all the affected areas so as to create ‘wide scale impact’. DGP Navaney said that the operations would be aimed at countering the expansion of Maoist activities into new regions of the State and also to weed out the Maoists from their strongholds.

Despite the “efficient strategy in place” and the massive anti-Maoist operations planned, SFs in Chhattisgarh have come under repeated and major (involving three or more casualties) Maoist attacks in 2011. These include:

August 17: Four Maoists were killed in an exchange of fire with the SFs in Tirkanar forest area under Dhaudai Police Station in Narayanpur District. One Policeman also died in the encounter.

June 26: The Maoists blew up an SUV near Kirandul in Dantewada District, 6 kilometres from Raipur in Chhattisgarh, killing three Policemen and injuring three.

In a separate incident, a patrolling team of the Border Security Force (BSF) and the Police was ambushed by around 300 Maoists. Two BSF troopers were killed on the spot in Kanker District while one Maoist was killed in retaliatory firing.

June 11: Three CRPF personnel were killed when a group of an estimated 250 cadres of the CPI-Maoist attacked the CRPF camp at Bhejji village in Dantewada District. ADGP Ram Niwas claimed 10 Maoists were killed in the encounter, but no bodies were recovered.

June 10: CPI-Maoist cadres blew up an anti-landmine vehicle, killing 10 SF personnel – seven Special Police Officers (SPOs) and three Police constables – and injuring another three at bridge near Gatan village in the Katekalyan area of Dantewada District.

June 9: CPI-Maoist cadres opened indiscriminate fire near a CAF camp in Narayanpur District, killing four troopers and leaving another injured. The injured CAF trooper later succumbed to his injuries, taking the death toll to five. The troopers were engaged in regular chores near the camp of the 16th battalion of the Force in Bharaghati village when the Maoists opened fire on them. The Maoists decamped with two weapons.

May 17: Five CRPF troopers, belonging to the 2nd battalion, were killed and two were injured in a landmine blast triggered by the Maoists near Borguda village on National Highway 221, six kilometres away from Sukma town in Dantewada District. The CRPF convoy of three vehicles was returning from Kerlapal to the camp at Sukma when they were hit by the landmine.

March 14: Three Policemen were killed and nine were injured when a Police team of 145 troopers that was on a search operation in the Chintalnaar area in Dantewada District was ambushed by the Maoists. Police claimed "to have killed 30 Naxals" in retaliatory action but could not recover a single body.

In addition to these attacks in Chhattisgarh, on May 23, nine Policemen including the Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) of Gariyaband Police Station of Chhattisgarh were killed some 15 kilometres inside Odisha, when Chhattisgarh Police crossed the State border following reports of Maoist movement in the area.

Further, on July 20, mistaking a convoy of a Congress party leader to be a Police Party, Maoists blew up one of the vehicles at Udanti near Devbhog, in an isolated place near the Odisha-Chhattisgarh border in Raipur District, killing four Congress Party workers. Police officers said that Maoist cadres subsequently surrounded a trailing vehicle in the convoy and injected the wounded with pain-killers when the guerrillas realised that they had attacked civilians, and not a Police convoy.

Nevertheless, the current year has seen a decline in overall fatalities, principally as a result of a de-escalation of the State’s Operation Green Hunt. The first eight months of 2011 have witnessed nine major incidents, as against 17 in the corresponding period of 2010. Of the 17 major incidents of 2010, the Police had initiated the operation in at least five incidents, while, in 2011, just one of the major incidents was initiated by the Police, demonstrating the slowdown in the offensive against the Maoists.      

The State has witnessed a total of 150 fatalities including a claimed 69 Maoists – a majority (up to 47) in incidents where no bodies were recovered – 54 SFs and 27 civilians, thus far in 2011. In the corresponding period of 2010, 273 fatalities were recorded, including 73 Maoists, 140 SFs and 60 civilians.

Fatality in Maoist Violence: 2005-2011
Source: SATP, *Data till August 21, 2011

The decline in fatalities is, at best, an index of the diminishing enthusiasm of SFs for offensive operations in the Maoist heartland – something that had been forced on local commanders through the latter half of 2009, and up to the debacle at Chintalnad in April 2010. Recent incidents demonstrate that the Maoists entrenchment in the Bastar Division – comprising the Dantewada, Bijapur, Narayanpur, Bastar and Kanker Districts – remains unchallenged. Barring the July 20 incident, in which four civilians were killed, all other major incidents in the State have taken place in the Bastar Division, each on a Maoist initiative. By intensively mining an estimated 25,000 square kilometres across the Bastar Division (which spans over 40,000 square kilometers) the Maoists effectively forced the SFs to curtail their movements. The Maoists also claim to have formed Janatana Sarkars (“people’s government” units) in as many as 300 panchayat (village level local self-government institution) areas in the Bastar Division, and to have established 20 guerrilla bases. If the Maoists are to be believed, nearly 2,000 villages are being administered by these Janatana Sarkars. [Independent reports suggest, rather, an absence of all ‘governance’, and a disruptive dominance by the Maoists across the region].

Making the situation even worse, the Maoists have spread their influence northwards. The killing of civilians in the July 20 incident and the killing of nine Policemen, including the Gariyaband ASP, point unmistakably toward growing Maoist influence in the Central Chhattisgarh. Police also claim that the Maoists have set up a Bargarh-Mahasamund Divisional Committee, which includes Odisha's Bargarh District and Chhattisgarh's Mahasamund District. On October 10, 2010, in the first incident of killing in the District, the Police killed six Maoists in a gun battle near Padki Pali village. The Maoists were part of a larger company that was passing through the area. The then DGP Vishwa Ranjan observed, "The Maoists want to establish a corridor linking south Orissa with north Orissa, passing through Chhattisgarh. This military company was marching through the villages to instil fear and a sense of awe."  On their march, before the encounter, the Maoist stopped in villages, held meetings, and posed for photographs – including a photo-op with school children in Padkipali village.

A number of recent incidents suggest that the Maoist plan for a Mahasamund-Bargah corridor are being pushed forward vigorously. On July 6, 2011, a Maoist group of some 30 cadres attacked a Police team which was conducting combing operations near Pardhiyapali village, though no fatalities were recorded. On June 28, a Raipur Police and Special Task Force (STF) team demolished a temporary Maoist camp near the Raigarh District, north of Mahasamund. No Maoist was arrested, but huge quantities of food supplies, bombs, explosives and Maoist literature were seized from the camp. Police said around 30 to 40 Maoists had stayed in the region for an estimated 3 to 4 weeks.

On present categorization, just four - Bilaspur, Korba, Raigarh and Janjgir – of Chhattisgarh’s 18 Districts, are classified as ‘not affected’ by Maoist activities.

Noting the rising Maoist activity in the area, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), on June 14, 2011, agreed to provide an additional five battalions of Central Para-military Forces to Odisha and Chhattisgarh to facilitate ‘seamless anti-Naxal operations’ in the Nuapada-Mahasamund inter-state junction. Given existing deficits in SF capacities in the State, however, it is unlikely that this additional Force can be deployed to secure any extraordinary effectiveness in the newly afflicted areas.

Nearly two years after the Centre initiated its ‘massive and coordinated operations’ in Chhattisgarh, and the State Police launched Operation Green Hunt, the Maoists have clearly held their ground. Current plans and projections only add to a picture of incoherence and disarray. Big plans to use unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in anti-Maoist operations have achieved hardly anything. Implicitly drawing the Army into the picture, the State has allotted 400 square kilometres in the Abujhmadh Forest in the Bastar Division to set up an Army Jungle Warfare Training School. The Army has already moved into the area, and the Maoists now accept that they must prepare, at some point of time, to confront the Army.

The State Government remains clueless about its anti-Maoist strategy. Speaking at a discussion on Naxalism at the Constitution Club in New Delhi on August 11, 2011, Chief Minister Raman Singh stressed that the problem could only be solved through dialogue and continuous development of the affected areas. To speed up development, he announced, on August 15, the creation of nine new Districts, with effect from January 1, 2012. Yet, the pattern of development the Chhattisgarh Government has been advocating has only hardened lines of opposition, and created new recruitment pools for the Maoists. In the interim, steps to strengthen the State’s Police remain inadequate and contradictory – significant numbers of armed Police personnel have been trained at the State’s Counter-insurgency (CI) and Jungle Warfare School at Kanker, but only a fraction of these has been deployed for CI operations. There is no evidence that, after the failure of Operation Green Hunt, there has been a comprehensive review of operational experience, and a focused revision of strategies. Indeed, all that is visible is a diminished scale of the same pattern of directionless and unsustainable operations, putting SF lives at constant risk, without any clear calculus of success, even as the spaces for Maoist consolidation continue to expand.

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Tribal Militia: Defenceless under Fire
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

At least 56 persons were killed and 123 injured in a suicide attack during the Friday prayers at Jamia Masjid Madina in the Ghundai area of Jamrud tehsil (revenue unit) of Khyber Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), on August 19, 2011. According to locals, a young boy aged about 15 or 16 years, had entered the mosque through a window and blown himself up in the main hall during prayers. Officials confirmed that the blast was a suicide attack.

On August 20, 2011, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was carried out in retaliation for local resistance against the outfit. TTP’s Tariq Afridi group spokesman, Muhammad Talha, released a statement asserting that the attack was directed against the Kukikhel tribe, whose members had killed four TTP fighters in Tirah Valley in Khyber Agency on August 16. He also claimed that the tribesmen had demolished the houses of TTP members and warned that more ‘action’ would be taken against the members of Kukikhel tribe if they continued to resist to the TTP in Tirah Valley. The Tirah Valley is part of the primary NATO supply route, and consequently a prize target for the TTP.

Kukikhel tribesmen had therefore raised a lashkar (tribal militia) in June 2010, to force militants out of the area. Just a few days before the August 19, 2011, suicide bombing, some TTP cadres who entered the area had been forced to leave by the tribal elders. The teenage suicide bomber at the Jamia Masjid Madina, before detonating himself, reportedly shouted, “Who will throw me out of the area now?”

The latest attack is just one in a series of assaults by the terrorists targeting lashkar members. A senior member of the Chamarkand Peace Committee, Malik Afsar Khan and his son were shot dead by unidentified militants in Chamarkand tehsil of Bajaur Agency on August 17, 2011. On August 15, Baizai Peace Committee chief, Malik Sultan Kodakhel, and three volunteers suffered injuries when militants ambushed their car near Lakhkar Kalli in the Baizai tehsil (revenue unit) of Mohmand Agency.  On August 12, unidentified militants killed a senior member of a lashkar, Malik Jan Afridi, of Bara tehsil in Khyber Agency. On August 11, five persons, including three women and two children, were killed and one minor was injured in a landmine explosion in the house of lashkar ‘commander’ Shah Jee in Zaka Khel village of Tirah Valley. Earlier, on March 10, 2011, a TTP suicide bomb attack on a funeral held by a tribal militia killed at least 34 people and injured more than 40 in the village of Adezai, about 15 miles south of the city of Peshawar.

According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal(SATP), at least 195 lashkar members have been killed and 199 others injured in 53 extremist attacks since 2005. In addition, at least 93 tribal elders have also been killed in 62 incidents during this period. Further, 126 lashkar members were abducted by the militants.

Significantly, when the state was finding it difficult to fight the terrorists in tribal areas, it called for help from the tribal people. On November 27, 2008, Mukhtar A. Khan, a Pashtun journalist, had noted that, after successive failed attempts to tackle the rising militancy in FATA and adjoining Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), the Government began to encourage local tribal people to stand up against the militants and flush them out of their regions. Lakki Marwat was the first District in KP to raise a volunteer militia on November 26, 2008, with the objective of evicting extremists from the area.

Numerous incidents of lashkar resistance to the extremists have come to light. Most recently, after the August 19 attack, an unnamed tribal elder in Jamrud area disclosed that TTP militants had come to the mosque a week earlier to recruit new members. Local residents refused to join them and declared they would not support the TTP or the Lashkar-e-Islam (LI), another militant group operating in the Khyber Agency. Another unnamed tribal elder added, “Militants wanted to make their centre in the Rajgal area in the remote Tirah Valley of the Khyber Agency, which is controlled by the Kukikhel tribes.” Their attempt was thwarted.

Unsurprisingly, lashkar leaders and members are at the very top of the TTP hit list. After the December 6, 2010, suicide attack in Mohmand Agency, which killed 35 lashkar members, the TTP 'chief' of the Mohmand Chapter, Umer Khalid, threatened death to anyone who organised or joined a lashkar against the TTP. 12 Government officials and journalists were also killed in the attack.

Despite the dangers the lashkar faces and the services they provide to the Security Forces (SFs), the Government’s apathy, neglect and abdication of responsibility remain inexplicable. Significantly, the leader of Adezai Qaumi lashkar operating in the suburban areas of Peshawar in KP, Haji Dilawar Khan, on August 18, 2011, alleged:

Elders of the area had formed the lashkar on the directives of Government. But Government didn’t materialise its promises (sic) to support them. These volunteers sacrificed their lives to defend their motherland and hundreds of their colleagues were injured by militants but they have not been paid proper compensation so far. Militants will get strengthened in the suburban areas of provincial metropolis Peshawar as Government has intentionally stopped supporting our volunteers and left them at the mercy of militants.

On March 3, 2011, Haji Khan had claimed that the Government was not providing the militia promised ammunition and rations, and had set a deadline of one week for the Government to respond. He had then argued that the Government was pursuing "an ambiguous policy" towards the TTP and accused local legislators of supporting the terrorist formation. "The local MPA [Member of the Provincial Assembly] and MNA [Member of the National Assembly] of the Awami National Party do not support the volunteers of the lashkar against the Taliban [TTP], as they don’t belong to their Party," Haji Khan alleged. Again, on March 10, after the Adezai suicide attack he stated, "What wrong have we done? We're getting neither bullets nor guns. When we demand bullets, the authorities ask us how many Taliban fighters we have killed. I want to ask the Government, how many Taliban fighters have they killed?" He warned that his lashkar would abandon its fight against the TTP if the Government failed to adequately equip his men.

In a display of extraordinary callousness reflecting the Government’s opportunism, KP Minister for Local Government and Rural Development, Bashir Ahmad Bilour, declared, on March 20, 2011, that the lashkars were no longer useful. Earlier, on March 10, Bilour disclosed that the Government had ‘suspended support’ to the Adezai lashkar, because its members had allegedly been using their firearms to carry out kidnappings.

The state’s reliance in its counter-insurgency campaigns on armed militia is, in the first instance, a strategy fraught with risks; opportunistic support to such armed groupings is, however, infinitely worse, exposing vulnerable populations to extremist vendettas, and even driving them into the extremist fold, when state support is diluted or withdrawn. Political ambivalence towards the terrorist formations – despite the tremendous harm they have already inflicted on Pakistan – remains the principal source of vacillating policies that deepen the risks to both the population and the nation. The Pakistani state and its agencies have, for far too long, abdicated their responsibility to check the growth of Islamist terrorist formations, and have fitfully relied on people’s militia to bear a burden that should rightly fall on state agencies alone. Abandoning the lashkars after exposing them to unacceptable risk reflects a level of cynicism and folly that can only further undermine the state’s authority across the tribal regions of KP and FATA.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
August 16-21, 2011



Security Force Personnel







Jammu & Kashmir




Left-wing Extremism










Total (INDIA)








Khyber Pakhtunkhwa







Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


JMB neutralized, believe law enforcers: Law enforcers believe outlawed Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), which came to the limelight for its synchronised bombing across the country on August 17, 2005, has almost no strength left to carry out any subversive activities. The network of the militant outfit has totally collapsed with the arrests of its members of all tiers in massive crackdowns and its strength has almost waned. Daily Star, August 17, 2011.


11 Policemen and at least four Maoists killed in Chhattisgarh: 11 Policemen were killed and three sustained injuries in an ambush set by the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres in Metlaperu village forests under Bhadrakali Police Station area of Bijapur District on August 19. Additional Director General of Police Ram Niwas said, "A force of about 70 had set out from Bhadrakali for operational and 'admin' [logistical] operations." Niwas also added that four or five Maoists were also killed. The Hindu, August 20, 2011.

12 militants and an Army officer killed in gunfight in Jammu and Kashmir: At least 12 militants and a 26-year-old Army officer were killed in a gunfight on the Line of Control (LoC) in Bandipora District on August 20. Defence spokesman Lt. Col. J.S. Brar said it was the eighth infiltration attempt from across the LoC in 2011 and the largest so far. The Hindu, August 21, 2011.

Seven Bru militants killed in Assam: Security Forces (SFs) on August 19 killed seven Bru militants at Gutguti Pathargenai jungle under Ratabari Police Station in Karimganj District, bordering Mizoram. An Army soldier was injured during the gunfight. It is suspected that the slain militants either belonged to the United Democratic Liberation Army (UDLA) or United Liberation Army of Bruland (ULAB). Telegraph, August 20, 2011.

Pakistan-based terror groups active in Kashmir, says US: Several Pakistan-based terror groups remain active in Kashmir and continue to target and plan attacks on India, a US report on global terrorism said. Prominent among these terrorist groups are Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) and Harkat ul-Mujahideen (HuM), which are having hundreds of armed supporters in Kashmir. Indian Express, August 19, 2011.

I74 Pakistani spy modules neutralized in last decade, claims Government: Minister of State for Home Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament) on August 16 that during 2001-2011 (till July 31, 2011) a total of 174 Pakistan-based espionage modules were neutralized by Central and State intelligence and security agencies. Times of India, August 19, 2011.

Nuclear plants remain on terrorists' radar, says Government: The Government fears that nuclear establishments in the country continue to be vulnerable to terrorist attacks. "In view of the prevailing security scenario, the atomic establishments continue to remain prime targets of terrorist groups and outfits," Minister of State for Home M Ramachandran told the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of Parliament) on August 16. Times of India, August 18, 2011.

Nagaland Government moots autonomous council for four Naga Districts: Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio on August 15 said that taking into consideration the sentiments of the people of Tuensang, Longleng, Mon and Kiphire, the Government has decided to propose the creation of an autonomous council for them. The chief minister, however, said Nagaland being a small state, further division would create serious a roadblock for the future progress of the Nagas. Telegraph, August 17, 2011.


Insecurity of journalists is on rise, says report: A France-based media rights watchdog on August 18 expressed concern about the rise in threats and attacks against journalists in Nepal since the beginning of 2011. The Reporters without Borders has ranked Nepal 119th out of the 178 countries in the press freedom index, 2010, citing various cases in which media persons were attacked or were subjected to threats. Himalayan Times, August 19, 2011.


63 civilians and 44 militants among 116 persons killed during the week in FATA: Three Security Force (SF) personnel and five militants were killed during clashes after militants attack on two checkpoints Laddah and Pash Ziarat area of South Waziristan Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on August 21. Also, six Lashkar-e-Islam (LI) militants were killed in renewed clashes with rival outfits Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in Dwa Thoe and Mehraban Kali areas of Tirah valley in Khyber Agency.

At least two Pakistani soldiers and five terrorists died in a shootout in Akakhel village in the Khyber Agency on August 20.

At least 56 persons were killed and 123 injured in a suicide attack during the Friday prayer at Jamia Masjid Madina in Ghundai area of Jamrud area of Khyber Agency on August 19. Also, four militants were killed when a US drone fired two missiles hitting a house in the Shin Warsak area of South Waziristan Agency. In addition, three SF personnel were killed and three others, including a tribesman, injured when their vehicle ran over a landmine in a border area in Kurram Agency.

At least 10 militants were killed as two Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) exploded in Tarkhokas area of Bara tehsil (revenue unit) of the Khyber Agency on August 17.

At least 12 militants were killed in two bomb blasts in the remote Tirah valley of Khyber Agency on August 16. Dawn; Daily Times; The News; Tribune, August 17-22, 2011.

111 persons killed in Sindh during the week: A total of 111 persons were killed in Sindh. One person was killed in Karachi on August 16; 39 on August 17; 25 on August 18; 27 on August 19; eight on August 20 and 11 on August 21. Dawn; Daily Times; The News; Tribune, August 17-22, 2011.

Al Qaeda weaker in Pakistan, says US State Department annual report: The United States State Department annual report on August 18 said that al Qaeda in Pakistan has become weaker but remains capable of conducting transnational terror attacks, assisted by allied militant groups. In its annual report on global terrorism, the State Department pointed to increased resource-sharing between al Qaeda and Pakistan and Afghanistan-based militants, including Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Haqqani Network. Times of India, August 19, 2011.

Leaders of five militant outfits top the list of 'most wanted': The leaders of at least 10 militant outfits - al Qaeda, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and other groups operating under the umbrella of TTP, top the list of the most wanted in Islamabad. These militants are wanted for terrorism activities such as suicide attacks and kidnapping for ransom. Dawn, August 18, 2011.

US declares Haqqani Network 'commander' as terrorist: The Obama administration on August 16 designated Mullah Sangeen Zadran, a key 'commander' in south Eastern Afghanistan as a terrorist, freezing any assets he has in the United States and barring Americans from doing business with him. The State Department said Zadran is the shadow Governor of Paktika and a commander of the Haqqani Network based in North Waziristan Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan. Daily Times, August 17, 2011.

Phased campaign for recovery of illicit arms, says Federal Minister of Interior Rehman Malik: Federal Minister of Interior Rehman Malik on August 17 said that the Government decided to reactivate a 20-year law and offer amnesty to those who voluntarily surrender illegal arms in a phased campaign to "de-weaponise" the country. Malik said the government would soon issue a notification asking people to surrender illegal arms to get indemnity against any legal action for possessing such weapons. Dawn, August 18, 2011.

'De-radicalisation' plan under study in Islamabad: The Government is considering starting a national de-radicalisation programme to combat rising fundamentalism and extremism in the country. A statement issued after a meeting of the Defence Committee of the Cabinet in Islamabad on August 17 said, "It was decided in the committee that special attention shall be given to a de-radicalisation programme to motivate youth to engage and isolate them from militancy and terrorism and bring them back to peaceful living." Dawn, August 18, 2011.

US continue to fund Pakistan military: Despite the US declaring a cut in funding to Pakistan, it continues to fund Pakistan military. US President Barack Obama administration has asked for an additional USD 1.5 billion in Coalition Support Funds (CSF) for the 2012 financial year. According to US sources, Congress appropriated USD 1.6 billion for FY2011 and the Obama administration requested USD 1.75 billion for FY2012, in additional CSF for all its coalition partners. Pakistan has in the past received over 75 per cent of these additional funds which are technically meant for all of US'' allies. Times of India, August 17, 2011.


Overseas cadres of LTTE continued to procure weapons in 2010, says US report: The overseas cadres of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) continued to procure weapons in 2010 while the LTTE Diaspora continued to support the organization financially, a report released by the United States (US) Department of State on August 18 said. It said that despite its military defeat in Sri Lanka at the hands of Government Forces in May 2009, the LTTE's international network of financial support persists. Colombo Page, August 20, 2011.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

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