J&K: A Deepening Peace | Continuous Consolidation | South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR), Vol. No. 11.31
Show/Hide Search
  Click to Enlarge

Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 11, No. 31, February 4, 2013

Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal


Click for PrintPrint

J&K: A Deepening Peace
Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

Prospects of an enduring peace in the State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) gained further momentum through 2012, with a steep decline in terrorism-related fatalities, from 183 in 2011 to 117 in 2012. The year also witnessed fewer terrorism-related incidents: 118 in 2012 as compared to 195 in 2011.   Crucially, this was achieved in spite of the Inter-Services Intelligence’s (ISI, Pakistan’s external intelligence agency) relentless efforts to derail the peace through its various proxies – both terrorist and separatist.   

According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal database, as many as 16 civilians, 17 Security Force (SF) personnel and 84 militants were killed in 70 incidents of killing in 2012; as against 34 civilian, 30 SF personnel and 119 militants in 122 incidents of killing in 2011. Thus, civilian, SF and terrorist fatalities recorded a decline of 52.94 per cent, 43.33 per cent and 29.41 per cent, respectively.

Jammu and Kashmir: Key Indicators (2006-2013)


Civilian Fatalities
SF Fatalities
Terrorist Fatalities
Total Fatalities
















Source: SATP, *Data till February 3, 2013

Fatalities in 2012 were reported from 13 of the State’s 22 Districts, with Kupwara recording the highest number of (34); followed by Baramulla (32); Srinagar, Ganderbal and Kishtwar (eight each); Pulwama and Poonch (seven each); Kulgam (six); Anantnag (two); and Bandipora, Samba and Ramban (one each). While civilian fatalities were recorded from seven of these 13 Districts, with Srinagar registering the maximum number (six), eight Districts witnessed the killing of SF personnel [the highest was Kupwara, with seven]. Terrorist fatalities were reported from 10 Districts, with both Baramulla and Kupwara recording the highest number, at 27 each.

In 2011, fatalities had been recorded in 17 Districts, with Kupwara recording the highest number (48), followed by Baramulla (31). The highest civilian fatalities (13) were recorded in Baramulla, while Kupwara accounted for the maximum number of both terrorist and SF fatalities, at 36 and nine respectively.

Consolidating these broad stabilisation trends, State Home Ministry data indicates, the number of strikes sponsored by extremists and separatists continued to decline. As against 22 strikes in 2011, the 2012 witnessed 17. Similarly, the State recorded eight processions and demonstrations by separatists in 2012, as compared to 13 in 2011. There were 132 strikes and 135 demonstrations in 2010.

Significantly, on December 3, 2012, defying extremist threats, nearly 96 per cent (almost 32,000 out of 33,540) Gram Panchayat (village level local self Government institution) members exercised their right to franchise to four seats in the State Legislative Council (State’s Upper House) from the Gram Panchayat quota. These posts had remained vacant for as long as 32 years.

The improved security scenario also resulted in dramatic increases in the arrival of tourists. In 2011, an estimated one million tourists had visited the State; 2012 recorded 1.5 million tourists. Significantly, on November 6, 2012, the United Kingdom’s High Commissioner to New Delhi, Sir James Bevan, lifting UK’s nearly two-decade-old advisory to its nationals to avoid travelling to Srinagar, Jammu and Ladakh, in a letter to Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, observed: “The improvement in the security situation has led us (the UK) to lift the advisory against UK citizens travelling to both the cities of Jammu and Srinagar and travel between these two cities on the Jammu-Srinagar highway.”

There are indications, moreover, that public sentiment is changing, with the enthusiasm for the secessionist cause, and in favour of Pakistan, diminishing sharply. Nevertheless, lingering irritants persist.

In November 2012, Ashok Prasad, Director General of Police, J&K, while disclosing that “not more than 250-300 militants are active in the State”, observed that the biggest concern was that “all of them [militants] have to show their performance. If some are fighting against the security forces, others try to prove their mettle in creating disturbance by using fault lines like religion, caste...” Reports further suggest that the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), over the past two years, since the 2010 ‘stone pelting’ campaign, has managed to rope in nearly 70 recruits -- mostly in the age group of 20 to 25. Media reports suggest, further, that the Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA) is ‘resuming’ operations under a new name, Jabbar-ul-Mujahideen (JuM), drawing its cadres from LeT, Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HM). The JuM was formally established during a meeting in Lahore (Pakistan) on July 10, 2012, and is led by its ‘commander-in-chief’ Shah Chand Khan. It is said to have close links with the Pakistan-based Haqqani Network that is fighting against US-led NATO Forces and the Afghan Government in Afghanistan.

Meanwhile, nearly 2,500 terrorists, training in 42 camps in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Pakistan, are being held in readiness, even as border disturbances to cover infiltration attempts escalate. Not less than 92 incidents of border firing took place along the Line of Control (LoC) and International Border (IB) in 2012, as against 62 cases in 2011. The number of militants who successfully infiltrated from across the border more than doubled to 118 in 2012, up from 52 in 2011. The interrogation of militants arrested after their infiltration into J&K as well as communication intercepts also confirm that some of the materials used by the Pakistan Army in areas in the Siachen Glacier have been passed on to terrorist formations such as LeT and JeM.

Pakistani malfeasance escalated to a gruesome atrocity when Pakistani troopers and ISI-backed terrorists breached the LoC in the Mankot sector of Mendhar tehsil (revenue unit) in Poonch District on January 8, 2013, ambushed an Indian Army patrol, and killed and mutilated two Indian troopers, identified as Lance Naik Hem Raj and Lance Naik Sudhakar Singh. They decapitated Lance Naik Hem Raj and carried his head away while fleeing back into PoK territory. Giving details of the incident, India’s Military Intelligence disclosed that the beheading was done by one Anwar Khan, a local guide who runs a shop in Barmoch Gali in PoK. Anwar was rewarded with PKR 500,000 by ISI Colonel Siddiqui, and was part of a group of 15 terrorists, 10 from LeT and five from JeM. 

The continuous and cumulative failures of the separatists within J&K through the past two years, to revive a 2010 type ‘uprising’, have once again provoked them to seek direct help from their Pakistani patrons. Seven separatist leaders, led by chairman of All Party Hurriyat Conference-Mirwaiz (APHC-M) Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, met with ISI chief Lieutenant General Zaheer ul Islam as well chiefs of LeT and HM, Hafiz Mohammad Saeed and Mohammad Yusuf Shah aka Syed Salahuddin, respectively, in Pakistan, in December 2012. According to reports, Saeed and Shah told the delegation that armed militancy would revive in the Kashmir Valley in 2014, in the aftermath of the expected drawdown of US Forces from Afghanistan in 2014. Similar visits had also been organized for the separatist leadership in 2008, and quickly resulted in an escalation of street protests over the Amarnath Land Allocation controversy, and recurrent street mobilization over a range of ‘issues’ and ‘codes of conduct’, thereafter.

The complicity of some Policemen in militancy-related activities has also emerged as a major concern, as terrorist modules operating with the help or participation of Policemen have been particularly difficult to identify and neutralize. Further, media reports indicate that some former militants have also been appointed to senior government posts in the State, after qualifying the State Administrative, Police or Judicial Services examinations.

In another worrying development, terrorists targeted Gram Panchayat members in their bid to derail the strengthening of grass-root level democracy through which key programmes for the development of the militancy affected region are implemented. At least six Gram Panchayat members have been killed since Gram Panchayat elections were conducted in 2011. Worried over the attacks on Panchayat members, the Union Government rushed an additional 7,000 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel to the State in October 2012, raising CRPF strength to a total of 75,000 personnel. In August, as part of an effort to reduce the presence of paramilitary forces in the State, the Government had withdrawn some 2,000 personnel, reducing the CRPF's presence to 68,000 personnel.

The controversy over the application of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in the State resurfaced repeatedly through 2012, with ambivalent positions taken by establishment political parties as well. Nevertheless, the Centre made it abundantly clear that AFSPA could not be removed as long as the security situation in the State required the presence of the Army and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPMFs) in the State. On October 14, 2012, Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde clarified, "There is marked improvement in the security situation in the State (J&K). With further improvements, AFSPA can be revoked partially, but it wouldn't be wise to take any chances at the moment." 

There is, moreover, a crisis of Governance in the State, with political ineptitude and mischief immensely compounded by a severe deficit of administrative capacity. There is, at present, a severe shortage of officers and public service providers at the ground level, with at least 73,000 posts – 11,292 in the gazetted cadre, 45,588 in non-gazetted cadre and 16,009 in the class-IV category – in the civil administration currently vacant. Unless these deficits are addressed, the delivery of various Government programmes, and the presence and effectiveness of administration on the ground, will remain deficient, sustaining existing spaces for a politics of brinkmanship and extremism.

Evidently, demands such as the withdrawal of AFSPA as well as measures such as the removal of troops and bunkers in the State, though theoretically desirable, presently remain premature. The past years have, of course, seen a continuous decline in terrorism (and significant declines in the visible presence of Security Forces as well), but there have been cycles of abrupt militant resurgence, and the relative peace in J&K is far from assured. Before a permanent peace can be declared, Pakistan-backed extremism, terrorism and separatism will have to be brought to a complete end, even as Governments, both in New Delhi and Srinagar, take intensive measures to strengthen civil administration and reenergise the Police Force, to infuse a greater confidence in the people. Prophylactic security measures must also be envisaged to counter the Pakistani and extremist intent to take advantage of emerging opportunities after the drawdown of US and International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) troops in Afghanistan in 2014. The tentative, hard-won and imperfect peace of J&K remains vulnerable to the disruptive machinations of inimical powers and extremist formations, and great political sagacity, as well as sustained effort on the part of the SFs and the administration will be necessary over the coming years, before clear victory can be declared.

Click for PrintPrint

Continuous Consolidation
S. Binodkumar Singh
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

On January 28, 2013, Bangladesh Home Minister Muhiuddin Khan Alamgir and his Indian counterpart Union Home Minister (UHM) Sushil Kumar Shinde signed a landmark Extradition Treaty at Dhaka, the Bangladesh capital, to combat terrorism and facilitate suppression of crime by making further provision for the reciprocal extradition of offenders. Significantly, however, Article 6 of the Treaty says that “it would not be applicable in case the offence is of a political character.”

Earlier, as a precedent, the two countries had signed the Agreements on Mutual Legal Assistance on Criminal Matters, Transfer of Sentenced Persons and Combating International Terrorism, Organized Crime and Illicit Drug Trafficking, during Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's visit to New Delhi between January 10 and 13, 2010.

In the intervening time, to reduce the incidents of border killings and smuggling of arms and drugs, human trafficking and other illegal activities along the Indo-Bangladesh border, Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) and India’s Border Security Force (BSF) on March 13, 2012, started “coordinated patrolling” and “night coordinated patrolling” at 120 border points selected by two different teams of the BGB and the BSF under the India-Bangladesh Coordinated Border Management Plan (CBMP), which had been jointly signed on July 30, 2011, at Dhaka.

Notably, since the Sheikh Hasina led Awami League (AL) Government (it is in alliance with five other parties) came to power in Bangladesh in January 2009, the state initiated a decisive campaign against radical forces on the domestic front, and also acted relentlessly against various militant formations operating in India’s North East (NE), which had long been sheltered on Bangladeshi soil. Since Hasina assumed power, security cooperation between Bangladesh and India has been dramatic, resulting in the arrest of some of the top NE insurgent leaders by Indian Security Forces after they were ‘pushed back’ into India. Prominent among those held in Bangladesh and ‘handed over’ to India were: All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF) ‘chairman’ Ranjit Debbarma (January 23, 2013); Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) ‘Chairman’ Champion R. Sangma (July 30, 2012); United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) ‘captain’ Antu Chaudang and ‘second lieutenant’ Pradeep Chetia (February 5, 2011); United National Liberation Front (UNLF) ‘chairman’ R. K. Meghen alias Sanayaima (November 30,2010); Anti-talks faction of National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) ‘chief’ Ranjan Daimary alias D R Nabla (May 1, 2010); ULFA ‘chairman’ Arabinda Rajkhowa alias Rajiv Rajkonwar‘ and ‘deputy commander-in-chief’ Raju Baruah (December 4, 2009); ULFA ‘foreign secretary’ Sashadhar Choudhury and ‘finance secretary’ Chitraban Hazarika (November 4, 2009).

India has also been requesting Bangladesh to hand over Anup Chetia alias Golap Barua, ‘general secretary’ of the ULFA, who was arrested in Dhaka along with two other ULFA militants on December 21, 1997, for illegally carrying foreign currencies and a satellite phone, and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. Even after spending more than 15 years in various prisons the Bangladesh, he continues to remain behind bars. However, despite the fresh Extradition Treaty, Bangladesh Home Minister Muhiuddin Khan Alamgir on January 28, 2013, stated that Bangladesh would not be able to send back Anup Chetia under the treaty as he had prayed for political asylum in the Supreme Court, adding, “The Supreme Court will first have to dispose of his prayer for political asylum. After that, we will decide whether to treat this person or any other persons under this extradition treaty or in some other way.”

Other North East militant leaders on Bangladeshi soil, whose expatriation India seeks, include National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) leaders Bishwamohan Debarman and Subir Debbarma, and NDFB leader Thulunga alias Tensu Narzary.

Bangladesh has unambiguously demonstrated its will to end the operation of NE Indian terrorist and insurgent groupings from its soil. Nevertheless, Indian intelligence inputs suggest that at least 55 camps of NE militants continue to operate in Bangladesh, and there is certainly some unfinished business at hand.

Similarly, Dhaka has been demanding that India arrest and hand over Bangladesh's founding father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s two convicted killers, Abdul Mazed and Moslehuddin Khan (who held the rank of Captain and Risaldar, respectively, at the time of the assassination), and are believed to be hiding in India.

In addition, there are several other criminals operating with impunity across the Indo-Bangladesh border, and the Extradition Treaty should help the two countries break this criminal nexus. 

As cooperation on the security front strengthened, the resultant increase in trust has led to positive developments on other issues of bilateral concern as well, despite hurdles. These include the historic agreement signed on September 6, 2011, during Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to Dhaka, to settle land boundary issues, including the exchange of 162 ‘enclaves’ which are in ‘adverse possession’. Though the Teesta Water Sharing Deal, could not be concluded because of last-minute objections raised by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on the draft of the agreement, India's Water Resources Minister Harish Rawat, on November 7, 2012, during a meeting with visiting Bangladesh Agriculture Minister Motia Chowdhury at New Delhi, expressed interest in inking a provisional Teesta Water Sharing Agreement, until a permanent settlement was found.

On July 3, 2012, moreover, Dhaka gave its letter of consent for the renewal of Transit and Transshipment Rights to India, for the continuation of transshipment of bulk cargoes, with retrospective effect from April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2014. The PIWTT, which was renewed annually till then (July 3, 2012), as was agreed in the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT, 1972), was suspended on October 26, 2011, after Dhaka refused to issue the letter of consent because of the failure to reach an agreement on the Teesta Deal.

In addition, following up on the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on India-Bangladesh Energy Cooperation signed on September 6, 2011, at Dhaka, the first Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting on renewable energy was held in New Delhi on August 3, 2012, where Bangladesh and India briefed each other on the present status and growth potential of renewable energy. Similarly, a high-level Indian delegation led by Power Secretary P. Uma Shankar visited Dhaka on January 29, 2013, to sign a deal for the proposed 1,320 megawatt coal-fired power plant at Rampal in the Bagerhat District of Khulna Division in Bangladesh, and the purchase of power by Bangladesh from India.

Significantly, at the time of the signing of the Extradition Treaty, the two sides also inked a liberalized visa agreement, the Revised Travel Arrangement (RTA), to remove restrictions on visits of businesspersons, students, patients, senior citizens above 65 years and children below 12 years.

Conspicuously, Indo-Bangladesh relations have witnessed a strong positive surge since 2009, and this has had a transformatory impact on the trajectory of terrorism and extremism in both the countries, visibly improving the general security environment in the region, and creating a strong foundation of trust. Much, however, remains to be done and, in this, India needs to be the more proactive, both because it is by far the larger partner, and also because Dhaka appears to have done much more in the recent past than Delhi. This equation becomes the more crucial as Bangladesh approaches another General Election in which the present Opposition, backed by a very substantial radicalized constituency, will attempt to cast improving relations with India as a ‘betrayal’ of Bangladeshi interests. As disruptive political mobilization in Bangladesh – of which significant evidence is already visible – gathers force in the run up to the Elections, it will require dramatic and demonstrable successes in the delivery of quantifiable benefits to Dhaka, both to consolidate the relationship and, crucially, to diminish the impact of vicious propaganda that could, otherwise, jeopardize the remarkable gains of the past four years.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
January 28-February 3, 2013



Security Force Personnel





Islamist Extremism






Jammu and Kashmir






Left-wing Extremism








Total (INDIA)













Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


Six person including four JeI-ICS cadres killed during general strike across the country: At least six persons, including four Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) and its student wing Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS) cadres, one Policeman and one civilian were killed as law enforcers dispersed pickets during the general strike enforced by the JeI-ICS cadres across the country on January 31. Violence marked in Dhaka, Jhenaidah, Sylhet, Chittagong, Lakshmipur, Barisal, Moulvibazar and Sirajganj Districts disrupting normal life and commercial activities. At least 20 people, including some Policemen, were injured in the clashes. Four JeI-ICS cadres were also arrested in connection with the attack on the Police. Times of India, February 1, 2013.

Bangladesh and signs Extradition Treaty: Bangladesh and India on January 28 singed the Extradition Treaty in Dhaka to facilitate transfer of persons wanted on criminal charges in either country on request. The new treaty would allow transfer of convicted or under-trial criminals but it would not be applicable for those accused in 'political crimes' or other criminal offences punishable with imprisonment for less than one year. New Age, January 29, 2013.


ISI awarded man who beheaded Indian soldier, says Military Intelligence report: According to the Military Intelligence (MI), the terrorist who beheaded Indian soldier Lance Naik Hemraj Singh in a pre-meditated operation on January 8, 2013, was rewarded with PKR 500,000 by the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI, Pakistan's external intelligence Agency), which executed the attack on Indian troops with the assistance of terrorists. Detailed MI report further says that beheading was done by one Anwar Khan, a local guide who runs a shop in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Anwar, who was handed over the reward by Colonel Siddiqui of ISI, was part of a group led by Subedar Jabbar Khan of ISI. The attackers included militants of the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM). Times of India, January 31, 2013.

Maoists regrouping in Jungle Mahal area of West Bengal: According to the State Intelligence Bureau (SIB) of West Bengal, the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres are again regrouping in Jungle Mahal region (West Midnapore, Purulia and Bankura Districts). The latest intelligence reports said the Maoist cadres in small groups were trying to regroup in the area and rebuilding their movement from a scratch. Zee News, February 1, 2013.

HPC-D signs SoO pact with Mizoram Government: Hmar People's Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) and the Government of Mizoram have signed the Suspension of Operation (SoO) on January 31 in Aizawl. Mizoram Government was led by Lalbiakzama, Joint Secretary, Home department, while the HPC-D delegation was led by Lalbeisei, the outfit's 'vice chairman'. The SoO, which for the first time was signed in November 2010 for six months, was never extended again. Sangai Express, February 1, 2013.


CPN-Maoist-Baidya chairman Mohan Baidya formally announces 'people's movement': Chairman of Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist-Baidya) Mohan Baidya on January 30 formally announced a 'people's movement' to safeguard national sovereignty, form a unity Government and guarantee a federal democratic constitution. The party said they would not work with the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML)-led alliance to topple the Government. ekantipur, January 31, 2013.


71 militants and 32 civilians among 103 persons killed during the week in FATA: Eleven members of the Kamarkhel peace committee were killed as clashes with Lashkar-e-Islam (LI) militants intensified in the Lakai Sar, Madai and Tor Lagad areas of Takhtakai in Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on February 1.

Twelve militants, including two peace committee members, were killed and six militants were injured in clashes in various parts of Tirah valley on January 31.

Eight volunteers of a peace committee were killed when a mortar shell went off accidentally in a bunker used by volunteers of the Kamarkhel peace committee at Takhtakai when ammunitions were being shifted to another base.

Six members of a family were killed when a mortar fell on the house of one Ghani Gul in the Sponrhai area of Kukikhel on January 30.

At least 24 militants were killed when Army warplanes bombed militant positions in Tirah valley on January 29.

13 suspected militants were killed and 16 others were injured when Army warplanes targeted Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) hideouts in Arghanjoo and Mir Qalamkhel areas of Mamozai tehsil (revenue unit) in Orakzai Agency on January 28.

Ten persons were killed on January 28 in the fighting between Tariq Afridi faction of the TTP and pro-Government militant group Ansar-ul-Islam (AI) in Tirah valley.

Jet fighters bombarded suspected positions of the TTP in the Kukikhel area in the night of January 25, killing nine people, including six militants. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, January 29-February 4, 2013.

40 civilians and 14 SFs among 67 persons killed during the week in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Thirty six persons were killed when Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) suicide bombers attacked an Army camp in Sarai Naurang area of Lakki Marwat District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on February 2.

Twenty-eight Shia persons were killed and 46 others injured when a suicide bomber struck outside a mosque just after the Friday prayers in Pat Bazaar in Hangu Town (Hangu District) on February 1. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, January 29-February 4, 2013.

47 civilians and eight militants among 56 persons killed during the week in Sindh: Seven persons lost their lives in different incidents of targeted killing in different areas of across Karachi (Karachi District), the provincial capital of Sindh, on February 2.

At least six persons, including two Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) activists killed in separate incidents in Karachi on February 1.

At least 14 persons, including three clerics, were killed in separate incidents in Karachi on January 31.

Eight persons, including two Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) workers, were shot dead in separate acts of violence in Karachi on January 30.

At least five persons, including a Policeman, were killed in separate incidents in Karachi on January 29.

At least 16 persons were killed across Karachi on January 28. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, January 29-February 4, 2013.

13 civilians and seven militants among 24 persons killed during the week in Balochistan: At least six militants, including a 'commander' of the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA), were killed and several others were arrested by the Frontier Corps (FC) in a targeted operation in the Mangochar area of Kalat District on January 31.

At least nine persons were killed in separate incidents on January 30 across Balochistan. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, January 29-February 4, 2013.

Security Forces allowing extremists to attack minorities, says HRW: The Human Rights Watch (HRW) on February 1 accused the Government of having failed to act against abuses committed by security and intelligence agencies which are letting extremist groups to attack religious minorities. "Pakistan's human rights crisis worsened markedly in 2012 with religious minorities bearing the brunt of killings and repression," said Ali Dayan Hasan, Pakistan Director of HRW. Dawn, February 2, 2013.

US needs to keep up drone war against al Qaeda militants in Pakistan and elsewhere, says US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta: The United States (US) will have to keep up an open-ended drone war against al Qaeda militants in Pakistan and elsewhere to prevent another terror attack on America, Defence Secretary Leon Panetta said on February 1. Asked if the CIA "targeted killings" should be curtailed in coming years, Panetta told AFP in an interview that there was still a need to continue the drone strikes more than a decade since the attacks of September 11, 2001. Dawn, February 2,, 2013.

Three banned outfits active in Karachi, Federal Minister of Interior Rehman Malik tells Senate: Federal Minister of Interior Rehman Malik on January 30 told the Senate that three banned organisations are responsible of target killings and law and order situation in Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh,. He said Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) and Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (TTP) are terrorizing people in Karachi. "It is not Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) as a whole involved in Karachi killings. But, these are the splinter groups," he said. Dawn, January 31, 2013.

TTP outlines conditions for dialogue with Government: The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) on February 3 expressed its willingness to hold talks with the Government, but on two conditions - release of its seven leaders and guarantees by leaders of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazal (JUI-F) and Jamaat-i-Islami (JI) to make the exercise fruitful. "The release of Muslim Khan, Maulvi Omar and five other TTP leaders is a prerequisite for talks, while former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Syed Munawar Hasan should be the guarantors," TTP 'spokesman' Ehsanullah Ehsan said in a video message released in Peshawar. Dawn, February 4, 2013.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

South Asia Intelligence Review [SAIR]

K. P. S. Gill

Dr. Ajai Sahni

A Project of the
Institute For Conflict Management

To receive FREE advance copies of SAIR by email Subscribe.

Recommend South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) to a friend.





Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.