Terrorism Update
Show/Hide Search
  Click to Enlarge

Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 13, No. 36, March 9, 2015

Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal


Click for PrintPrint

Desperate Measures
S. Binodkumar Singh
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

On March 4, 2015, Shipon Mia (30), a driver was burnt to death and his assistant Shakil Ahmed (15) suffered serious burn injuries, when supporters of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)-led 20-party alliance’s blockade programme hurled a petrol bomb at their pick-up van in the Shibganj area of Chapainawabganj District.

On February 23, 2015, four persons were killed in separate incidents of violence in Dhaka city during the same blockade programme.

According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), at least 90 people have been killed and more than 1,243 have sustained injuries in incidents of violence during the ongoing blockade, since January 5, 2015 (data till March 8, 2015). The largest number of killings were reported from the capital, Dhaka, where 27 persons have lost their lives; followed by 13 in Rangpur District; seven in Comilla District; six in Barisal District; five in Gaibandha District; four in Chittagong District; three each in Bogra, Chapainawabganj, Rajshahi and Noakhali Districts; two each in Natore, Chandpur, Jessore, Laxmipur and Sirajganj Districts; and one each in Feni, Gazipur, Magura, Pabna, Joypurhat and Sylhet Districts.

As in the past, the latest round of street violence has been orchestrated by the Opposition alliance. On December 31, 2014, the BNP led-alliance declared that it would observe January 5, 2015, as “Democracy Killing Day”. Earlier, on December 12, 2014, the Awami League (AL) had declared that it would observe the date as the “Victory Day of Democracy”. It was on January 5, 2014, that the General Elections were held in Bangladesh. The AL had won the elections boycotted by the Opposition alliance.     

As tension rose, the Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) banned all protests in the city and locked BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia in her office on January 3, 2015, to prevent her spearheading anti-Government protests as part of the Opposition efforts to topple Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed. Confined to her Gulshan office in Dhaka city, Khaleda Zia announced, on January 5, 2015, a countrywide indefinite blockade of roads, rail and waterways. Talking to reporters, she declared, “The Government has imposed the section 144 to foil our rally. You won’t able to resist our programme by resorting to such a move. I want to say, a blockade programme will continue across the country until further announcement. I call upon people to continue it.” Khaleda Zia continues to live in her office, though the virtual house arrest was lifted by authorities on January 19, 2015.  In the meantime, pandemonium has spread across the country.

In addition to the loss of human lives, the countrywide blockade has led to economic catastrophe. Illustrating the grievous effect of blockades on the economy, Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI) President Hossain Khaled stated, at a Press Conference on January 22, 2015, that the preceding 16 days of political unrest had resulted in a loss of at least Bangladesh Taka (BDT) 364.45 billion. Thousands of business leaders protesting against the blockade in Dhaka city on February 8, 2015, claimed that the economy had suffered a BDT 750 billion loss in the 33 days since January 5, 2015. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, while replying to a question in the Parliament on February 25, 2015, disclosed that the ‘subversive activities’ by the BNP-Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) alliance during the hartal (general strike) and blockade had caused a loss of over BDT 1.2 trillion to the country.

Meanwhile, calling the BNP-JeI alliance "murderers, terrorists and militants" on February 12, 2015, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina rejected the possibility of holding any dialogue with them. Earlier, Finance Minister AMA Muhith at a meeting in Dhaka city on February 2, 2015, had said, “We now treat hartal and blockade as terrorist matters. The ongoing hartal and blockade should be stopped within short time.” Giving a more stern warning, Shipping Minister Shajahan Khan while addressing a rally at Dhaka city's Phulbaria bus terminal on February 10, 2015, threatened, "Khaleda has confined herself by installing barbwire at her office. We, the workers of Bangladesh, will remove the barbwire and every brick the office has. We will launch such a movement that you will not able to maintain your existence and your politics will meet death."

Remarkably, United Nations (UN) Secretary General Ban Ki-moon sent letters to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her rival BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia on February 3, 2015, urging them to sit for talks to avoid political unrest. Similarly, deeply worried by political polarization in the country, 16 Ambassadors, High Commissioners and Charges d’Affaires of Australia, Canada, Denmark, European Union (EU), France, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA), stationed in Dhaka city, wrote a joint letter to Prime Minister Hasina on February 24, 2015, and, in an effort to de-escalate political conflict, met BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia at her political office in Dhaka city’s Gulshan area on March 3, 2015.

Interestingly, Mohammad Mazhar Khan, attaché at the consular section of the Pakistan High Commission in Dhaka city, was withdrawn from Bangladesh on January 31, 2014, after intelligence dug out his involvement in terror financing and forged currency rackets. Bangladesh Foreign Ministry officials alleged that Mazhar was an agent of Pakistan’s secret Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). According to official sources, intelligence agencies learnt that earnings through the fake currency scam were given to militant and terrorist outfits such as the Hizb-ut-Tahrir (HuT), Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT) and JeI-Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS) axis, to carry out various acts of sabotage.

Meanwhile, the International Crimes Tribunal-2 (ICT-2), on December 23, 2014, awarded the death penalty to former State Minister of Agriculture during the Hussain Muhammad Ershad-led regime, Syed Mohammad Qaisar (74) of the Jatiya Party (JP), after finding him guilty on seven charges, including the killing of 108 civilians in 22 villages of Nasirnagar sub-District in Brahmanbaria District; involvement in rape of a woman at Jagadishpur village of Habiganj District; involvement in rape of a Santal (one of the oldest and largest indigenous communities in northwestern Bangladesh) woman at Chunarughat of Habiganj District; killing of two AL leaders in Habiganj District; killing of seven Government staffers of a food warehouse in Habiganj District; killing of four civilians of Madhabpur sub-District  in Habiganj District; and the killing of Shah Firoz Ali and torture of Shah Hossain Ali at an Army camp in Shayestaganj sub-District  of Habiganj District. Further, on February 18, 2015, ICT-2 sentenced JeI Nayeb Ameer (Deputy Chief) Abdus Subhan (77) to death on three charges: participation in the abduction and killing of three named and 17 unnamed people who had taken shelter at a mosque in Ishwardi; murder of six people including Rajab Ali Biswas and looting and torching of several houses in Sahapur village in Ishwardi; and killing of around 400 people in the Satbaria Union of Sujanagar.

Similarly, on December 30, 2014, ICT-1 awarded the death penalty to JeI Assistant Secretary General ATM Azharul Islam (61), after finding him guilty on three charges, including the Mokshedpur Dhap Para massacre on April 16, 1971; killing of around 1,400 unarmed civilians at Jharuarbeel in Rangpur District on April 17, 1971; and abduction and murder of four Hindu teachers of the Carmichael College and others on April 30, 1971. Further, ICT-1, which tried former JP Member of Parliament (MP) from Pirojpur District, Abdul Jabbar (82), in absentia, sentenced him to life imprisonment on February 24, 2015, on four charges, including committing murders, plundering, arson and deportation from Fuljhuri, Kulupara and Nathpara in Mathbaria on May 16, 1971;  for murders, plundering and arson at Fuljhuri on May 17, 1971; for genocide, murders and other inhumane acts at Naligram in Mathbaria on May 22, 1971; and for abducting 37 Hindus of Angulkata and Mothbaria and murdering 22 of them and plundering their houses, persecution and other inhumane acts committed from the evening of October 6, 1971 to the morning of October 7, 1971.

Thus far, the War Crimes (WC) Trials which began on March 25, 2010, have indicted 27 leaders, including 13 from JeI, six from Muslim League (ML), four from BNP, and two each from JP and Nizam-e-Islami. Verdicts against 18 of them have already been delivered – 15 were awarded the death penalty, while the remaining three received life sentences. One of the 15 who received the death sentence, JeI Assistant Secretary Abdul Quader Mollah (65), who earned the appellation Mirpurer Koshai (Butcher of Mirpur), has already been executed, while the remaining 14 death penalties are yet to be executed. Out of three persons who were awarded life sentences, two persons have already died serving their sentence: JeI Ameer (Chief) Ghulam Azam (91), who died on October 23, 2014; and former BNP minister Abdul Alim (83), who died on August 30, 2014.

Through 2014, the AL-led Government consolidated its secular commitments by minimizing the threat of Islamist extremists within the country and kept its promise to punish the perpetrators of the 1971 genocide by bringing the War Crimes' perpetrators to justice with visible gains. But, the nation is once again in the grip of violence, with no signs of the BNP-led alliance’s softening its position. While addressing a crowded press conference at her Gulshan office on January 19, 2015, Khaleda Zia had declared that the ongoing countrywide blockade programme would continue indefinitely, till her next announcement. Meanwhile, BNP Joint Secretary-General Salahuddin Ahmed, in a statement on February 19, 2015, reiterated that the blockade will continue.

Sheikh Hasina has tackled the rising spectre of Islamist extremism and terrorism in Bangladesh with a high measure of success. She has been far less effective, however, in handling the fractious and polarized politics of the country, and the corrosive practice (one that her party also followed while in Opposition) of disruptive street violence and protracted blockades that have worked to the enormous detriment of the national interest. With the Opposition parties driven into a corner at present, excluded – by their own misjudgment of Hasina’s intent and will, and their leaders falling one by one to the War Crimes Trials, a quality of desperation has entered into the current cycle of protests. Members of the BNP-led alliance now see their very survival under threat and are likely to escalate in a bid to force Hasina to dilute her current onslaught against them. Hasina, on the other hand, would put her own physical survival at risk by allowing any political space to the extremist formations that are part of the Opposition combine. Both sides have sufficient motive to push the situation to breaking point.

Click for PrintPrint

Assam: Lost Opportunities
Giriraj Bhattacharjee
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

Unidentified militants hurled a grenade at the house of a businessman, identified as Biren Agarwal, located in the market area of Sepon village in Sivasagar District, killing his younger brother, Situ Agarwal, and their driver, Dimbeswar Bhuyan, on February 13, 2015. The locals claimed that the Independent faction of United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA-I), which remains active in the area, had recently demanded extortion money from the businessman’s family. The family had refused to make the payment.

In an encounter on February 9, 2015, Security Forces (SFs), killed a cadre of the I.K. Songbijit faction of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB-IKS), identified as Orga, at Fulkumari Forest in Kokrajhar District.

According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) database, a total of 13 persons, including three civilians, one trooper and nine militants, have already been killed in insurgency-related incidents across the State in 2015 (data till March 8, 2015).

2014 had registered an overall rise in insurgency-related violence in the State. As against 101 fatalities, including 35 civilians, six SF personnel and 60 militants in 2013, year 2014 recorded a total of 305 fatalities, including 184 civilians, five SF personnel and 116 militants, an increase of nearly 202 per cent. In 2012, overall fatalities stood at 91, including 32 civilians, four SF personnel and 55 militants. The trend of overall fatalities has remained erratic in the State, but recorded a sustained decline between 2010 and 2012.

Worryingly, in 2014, Assam recorded the highest number of civilian fatalities since 2008, when civilian fatalities stood at 224. The number of civilian fatalities in Assam in 2014, at 184, was more than triple the combined total of civilian fatalities in the remaining six insurgency-affected states of the northeast, at 61.

In the worst incident of civilian killings, at least 69 Adivasis were killed by NDFB-IKS militants in Sonitpur, Kokrajhar and Chirang Districts on December 23, 2014.  NDFB-IKS’s strategy of similar “soft target” killings also included the slaughter of 46 Muslim settlers in Baksa and Kokrajhar Districts in May 2014.

In terms of overall fatalities Assam is now the worst-affected State in India, with 305 fatalities, followed, by Jammu & Kashmir (193) and, within the Northeast, by Meghalaya (76), Manipur (54), Nagaland (15), Arunachal Pradesh (9), Tripura (4) and Mizoram (2). Assam accounted for 66 per cent of the 465 fatalities in the Northeast through 2014.

Other parameters of violence also witnessed increases through 2014. The number of major incidents (each involving three or more fatalities) and resultant fatalities increased from four and 19, respectively, in 2013, to 18 and 181, respectively, in 2014. Also, after a gap of two years, the State witnessed attacks on non-locals – three incidents in which eight people were killed. No such attacks were reported through 2012 and 2013. Though the number of explosions decreased from 22 in 2013 to 20 in 2014, the resultant fatalities increased from four in 2013 to eight in 2014. 

In 2014, killings were reported from 19 Districts, as against 14 in 2013, out of a total of 27 Districts. The Districts from where killings were reported in 2014 were Sonitpur, Baksa, Kokrajhar, Udalguri, Darrang, Barpeta, Karbi Anglong, Dima Hasao, Hailakandi, Goalpara, Dhubri, Nagaon, Golaghat, Sivasagar, Jorhat, Chirang, Tinsukia, Karimganj and Dibrugarh.

Long standing inter-state border disputes involving Assam, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh, which periodically lead to violence, resulted in 31 fatalities in Assam during 2014. The role of Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak Muivah (NSCN-IM) and Tani Land National Liberation Tigers (TLNLT), a relatively insignificant group demanding a separate homeland for the Tani people in Arunachal Pradesh, was suspected in these killings.    

Recorded cases of abduction and extortion also increased through 2014, as against the preceding year. SATP recorded 44 incidents of abduction in 2014 in which 65 persons were abducted; in 2013, these numbers stood at 36 and 60, respectively. As many such incidents go unreported, these numbers are certainly likely a gross underestimate. Indeed, a July 16, 2014, report, claimed that, over the preceding last five years, more than 1,300 cases of abduction had been filed in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD) areas alone. BTAD comprises of four Districts - Baksa, Kokrajhar, Udalguri, and Chirang – of Assam’s 27, of which 25 are insurgency affected.

The SATP database also recorded nine cases of extortion in 2014, as against ten in 2013. According to media reports, however, the State had registered over 4,500 cases of extortion between January 2010 and June 2014. A Police official quoting official records, disclosed, in August 2014, "In 2010, total 909 cases of extortion were registered across Assam. The figures kept going up. In 2011, it was 992, followed by 1,074 in 2012. Last year [2013], there were 1,214 registered extortion cases. This year [2014], around 450 such cases were registered in the first six months".

Worryingly, eight militant groups - ULFA-I, NDFB-IKS, Karbi People’s Liberation Tigers (KPLT), Kamatapur Liberation organisation (KLO), Harkat-ul Mujahideen (HuM-Assam unit), Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA), Communist Party of India (CPI-Maoist) and Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) – presently remain active in Assam. Among these, NDFB-IKS dominated the insurgency scenario in 2014. Of the 182 civilian fatalities (out of a total of 184) in which insurgent outfits were thought to be involved, NDFB-IKS was found to be implicated in 137 (in 25 incidents); followed by NSCN-IM, 16 civilian killings (single incident); ULFA-I, five civilian fatalities (four incidents); KPLT, four civilian deaths (three incidents), National Santhal Liberation Army (NSLA), three civilian fatalities (one incident); National Social Council of Adivasis (NSCA), United Democratic Liberation Army (UDLA), NSCN, Karbi National Liberation Army (KNLA),KLO, Ranjan Daimary faction of NDFB (NDFB-RD), one each. 10 civilian fatalities remain unattributed.

Similarly, of the four SFs fatalities (out of a total of five) in which the role of insurgent outfits was identified, NDFB-IKS was found involved in one incident, while the newly formed Karbi outfit, United People’s Liberation Army (UPLA), was involved in the killing of three SF personnel. In the worst incident, on June 5-6, 2014, Superintendent of Police (SP-Karbi Anglong), Nityananda Goswami, along with his Personal Security Officer (PSO) Ratul Nunisa, was killed during an encounter with UPLA militants in Karbi Anglong District. The killing of one trooper remains unattributed.

NDFB-IKS also lost the largest number of its cadres in clashes with SFs, at 43; followed by the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA), 15 cadres; KPLT, 15; ULFA-I, six; NSCN-IM, four; three cadres each of KLO and UPLF; and two cadres each of UDLA, KNLA and United A'chik Liberation Army (UALA), one cadre each of the Santhal Tiger Force (STF), Rabha Viper Army (RVA), the Khaplang faction of NSCN (NSCN-K); and one Islamic militant. Further, three cadres of UALA, as well as one cadre each of NDFB-IKS and UDLA, were lynched publicly in separate incidents. Two UPLF militants were killed in factional clashes. ULFA-I executed at least eight of its own cadres, including its 'commander', Partha Gogoi, on the instructions of its 'commander-in-chief', Paresh Baruah, for 'conspiring with Police and SFs to engineer a mass surrender of cadres’ over the months of December 2013 to March 2014. The group identity of 10 militants killed remains indeterminate.

Among 405 militants arrested during 2014, 65 belonged to NDFB-IKS, followed by KPLT with 41 militants and GNLA with 22 militants. Thus far, in 2015, a total of 285 militants have been arrested, including 165 of the NDFB-IKS.

Meanwhile, in mid-February 2015, the Indian Army claimed that the entire top leadership of KPLT had been arrested. An Army release stated, “The operation has decimated the organisation and almost completely wiped out the dreaded KPLT from West Karbi Anglong District of Assam facilitating return of peace in the poorly developed region." Earlier, SFs had arrested ‘chairman’, ‘commander-in-chief’, ‘deputy chief’, ’finance secretary’, ‘auditor’ and ‘area commanders’ of KPLT in different operations. However, SP (Karbi Anglong), Mugdha Jyoti Mahanta, on February 1, 2015, observed, “But the KPLT now has been split into five groups - KPLT (Buche group), KPLT (Pratap), KPLT (Donri), KPLT (Symbon) and KPLT (Sojong). Some of these groups have six-seven members."

Meanwhile, the fear of these groups developing a nexus or coming together has worried the State Government. On July 7, 2014, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, during his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, reportedly stated, "The Maoist problem poses a threat; some of the insurgent groups have joined hands with the Maoists. The problem has to be nipped in the bud. There isn't much difference between the insurgent groups and the Maoists." Elaborating on the nexus between the jihadis and the tribal extremists, Assam Director General of Police (DGP) Khagen Sarma noted, on November 14, 2014, that they had been found to be using each other’s resources. Almost all militant outfits in the State, including the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland were in league with the jihadis, the DGP noted. Further, according to a February 23, 2015, report, ULFA-I’s Paresh Baruah was planning to band together some 14 insurgent groups in the Northeast, to form a ‘government-in-exile’ by November 2015. The identity of these groups is not yet known.

The transnational jihadi presence in Assam, which was revealed after discovery of the Burdwan Module in West Bengal. After the accidental blast at Burdwan on October 2, 2014, in which two people were killed and another was injured, a total of 17 persons were arrested by the National Investigation Agency (NIA), which took over the case on October 10, 2014. An NIA Press Release on January 28, 2015, claimed that, during the course of investigations, it had been found that operatives of JMB had established their networks in different Districts of West Bengal, Assam and Jharkhand, particularly in Murshidabad, Nadia, Malda, Birbhum and Burdwan in West Bengal; Barpeta in Assam; and Sahibganj and Pakur in Jharkhand. Moreover, the formation of Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), with Assam specifically mentioned as its target (along with Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir) by Al Qaeda leader Ayman al Zawahiri, gives new cause for concern for the security establishment in a demographically and ethnically volatile State.

In the meantime, Suspension of Operation (SoO) agreements, wrongly described [on January 26, 2015] by Chief Minister Gogoi as a ‘success’ in mainstreaming militant groups, have only brought hardship to the people inhabiting remote areas of the State. A June 21, 2014, report claimed that people living in more than 2,000 villages stretching from Mazbat [Udalguri District] to Gohpur [Sonitpur District], had alleged that, taking advantage of the SoO pacts with the Government, Bodo and Adivasis militants were moving openly in the area, engaging in abduction and extortion before the very eyes of the Police. Interestingly, the present Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) Chairman, R.N. Ravi in an opinion piece published on May 8, 2014, following the NDFB-IKS massacre of Muslims, summed up the existing SoO mechanism as:

They (militants) summarily remove any resistance to their writs by demonstrative killings. They control contracts for Government works and dominate the lucrative trade in legal and illicit forest assets. Besides, the Government gives them hefty cash (sic) every month in the guise of maintenance of their cadres and sustenance of 'political' activities of their leaders… They are allowed to retain their military hardware and continue their military operations with a rider that they must not attack the security forces. In this paradigm of peace the militias and the security forces of the state are at mutual peace while the people remain at the receiving end of the both.

13 militant groups are currently under SoO agreements with the Government. The Assam Government has spent over INR 9 million on the maintenance of 3,930 cadres of these groups in 24 designated camps. However, no new SoO agreement was signed in 2014.

Significantly, the opportunities created by the sharp decline in fatalities witnessed in the State, starting from 2010 and lasting till 2013, primarily due to increasing Bangladeshi cooperation, have not been used to strengthen the law and order infrastructure. State Environment and Forest Minister Rockybul Hussain, while replying on behalf of Chief Minister Gogoi, who also holds the Home portfolio, on August 4, 2014, disclosed that 14,356 posts out of the 75,559 sanctioned posts in the Police Department, were vacant. Further, the State failed to utilize INR 10 million of the total INR 12.12 million Central funds released for modernization of the Assam Police between 2011-12 and 2013-14.

As of December 31, 2013, Assam had a Police-population ration of 173 per 100,000, significantly higher than the national average of 141, but lesser than all the other States of the Northeast. Given the ethnic, religious and territorial faultlines existing in the State, its strategic location with shared international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and inter-state boundaries with five other Northeastern states, and no strategy for closure of the multiple and enduring conflicts, a sufficiently numbered, better trained and equipped Police Force has become an urgent precondition to peace and development. The periodic rushing in of Central Forces in the aftermath of violent conflagrations, and the signing of peace agreements with various ethnic insurgents cannot provide any lasting solution to the protracted problems afflicting Assam.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
March 2-8, 2015



Security Force Personnel











Left-wing Extremism






Total (INDIA)









Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


Over the past five years Bangladeshi security agencies have arrested 17 top leaders of insurgent groups banned in India, says MHA official: A senior official of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said that over the past five years Bangladeshi security agencies have arrested 17 top leaders of the insurgent groups banned in India, especially those active in the Northeast. The official said "Several top leaders, including those from Meghalaya, Tripura and Assam, had taken shelter in Bangladesh. Through proactive action, the Bangladesh Government has been extending full cooperation to us in the fight against such groups. During 2009-14, at least 17 top leaders of various groups were arrested, and eight suspects surrendered." The Hindu, March 6, 2015.

We believe in talks and compromise to resolve country's political crisis, says BNP Joint Secretary General Sallauddin Ahmed: A press release signed by Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) Joint Secretary General Sallauddin Ahmed on March 6 said, "We believe in talks and compromise to resolve country's political crisis. But if it is otherwise, the Government has to shoulder the responsibility for any untoward situation." DhakaTribune, March 7, 2015.


Central schemes force Maoists to review strategy: Intelligence inputs coming from Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Intelligence Bureau have suggested that the growing alienation among tribal population in various Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) strongholds in Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and parts of Bihar and Maharashtra has forced CPI-Maoist to order a study of socioeconomic impact of the central development schemes. The study has been ordered by the Eastern Regional Bureau of CPI-Maoist that supervises Maoist activities in Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and North Chhattisgarh, sources said. DNA India, March 7, 2015.

For first time in five years, attrition in paramilitary forces drops below 10,000: Thanks to a host of measures taken by the Government to ease pressure on Security Forces fighting the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) and positive expectations from the seventh pay commission, lesser number of men in uniform are hanging up their boots. For the first time in the past five years, the cumulative annual attrition from paramilitary forces has dropped below 10,000. According to latest home ministry data, in 2014, only 7,700 odd personnel quit various central armed police forces (CAPFs) as against over 11,000 in 2013 and 13, 000 in 2012. Times of India, March 6, 2015.

593 companies of CAPFs have been deployed in 10 Left Wing Extremism affected states: Presently, a total number of 593 companies of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) have been deployed in 10 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected states for assisting the state police in conducting anti-LWE operations in the state. With effect from 01.4.2014, the rate of recovery of deployment charges for each Battalion (of 7 coys) have been fixed at Rs 43.10 crore per annum, in addition to actual cost of transportation/ movement of the Battalions, with 5% annual increase for the subsequent five years from 2014-15 to 2018-19. Business Standard, March 7, 2015.

38,000 cyber fraud cases reported in four years, states Telecom and IT Minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad: As many as 37,721 cyber fraud cases involving INR 4.97 billion have been reported by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in the last four years, Telecom and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad informed Lok Sabha (Lower House of Indian Parliament) on March 4. Several cyber attack techniques are used in engineering these crimes and are normally reported as ATM/ debit card, credit card, internet banking frauds, Prasad said in a written reply to the House. Times of India, March 5, 2015.

Large number of Kashmiri youth joining the Army as an encouraging trend, says GOC Chinar Corps Lieutenant General Subrata Saha: Lieutenant General Subrata Saha, General Officer Commanding (GOC) Chinar Corps, while speaking to media persons on the sidelines of the passing out parade of the new recruits at Bana Singh Parade Ground at the Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry (JKLI) Regimental Centre in Srinagar on March 4 said that large number of Kashmiri youth joining the Army as an encouraging trend. He said that from July to December 2014, 767 Kashmiri youth have enrolled for the Army and described the trend of large number of Kashmiri youth joining the Army as encouraging. DailyExcelsior, March 5, 2015.

Bangladesh seeks access from India to launch crackdown against militants: Inspector General (IG) of Border Security Force (BSF) Meghalaya Frontier, Sudesh Kumar, on March 4 stated that Bangladesh Government has sought access from the Indian Government to allow movement of its Security Forces (SFs) to enter inside the rugged terrain of Chittagong Hills Tract (CHT) in order to launch a crackdown against Indian rebels in CHT. "They (Border Guards of Bangladesh) have informed us about their willing to launch crackdown against the Indian rebels hiding in Chittagong Hills Tract. Nagaland Post, March 5, 2015.

Indian security agencies unearthed Pakistan based organisations involved in financial fraud: Indian security agencies have unearthed a major racket being operated by Pakistan-based organisations to cheat Indians through a network of their local operatives, who would open accounts with various banks in which the gullible victims would be lured to deposit substantial amount. "Investigations so far have revealed that Pakistan-based outfits used at least 1,162 accounts of their associates based in India to defraud gullible victims in the country over the years, though the number could be much higher. These accounts belong to 16 banks in India, including public sector banks," said a senior intelligence official. Deccan Chronicle, March 5, 2015.

Over 167 terrorist and linkman associated with December 23 Adivasi massacre arrested in past two months, says Assam Governor P B Acharya: Governor P B Acharya on March 2 stated that Security forces have arrested at least 167 terrorists and linkmen allegedly involved in the serial attacks on Adivasi people in many districts across Assam in the last two months. "Two of their leaders were also killed during the action by the security forces. On the insistence of the state government, the National Investigation Agency has taken up investigation and registered four cases against the terrorists," Acharya said. New Indian Express, March 3, 2015.

Increasing recruitment of educated youths in terrorist organizations represents one of the biggest challenges for Government, says DIG South Kashmir Ali Muhammad: Ali Muhammad, Deputy Inspector General (DIG), South Kashmir said that increasing recruitment of educated youths in terrorist organizations represents one of the biggest challenges for the Jammu and Kashmir Government. He said "Educated youth joining militancy is really a matter of concern for us. There is a need to change the mindset of the youth." The new Chief Minister (CM) Mufti Mohammad Sayeed may have stirred a controversy by appearing to thank Pakistan for allowing peaceful polls in the Valley, but data shows he will need to win over youths at home to make a success of his tenure. Economic Times, March 3, 2015.

UAV base set up in Chhattisgarh for anti-Maoist operation: In a boost to the anti-Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) operations, the base of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has been set up in Chhattisgarh. The aerial vehicle quietly made its first test-reconnaissance from an airstrip in the Bhilai Steel Plant campus on February 27. The UAV will have its base station at a location in Nandini village of Bhilai, as a joint team of National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) and Indian Air Force (IAF) will handle its operations. Indian Express, March 3, 2015.


Major parties resume formal talks ending country's long standing political deadlock: Major parties resumed formal talks ending the country's long standing political deadlock at Prime Minister (PM) Sushil Koirala's official residence in Kathmandu on March 7. The disgruntled opposition parties decided to sit for talks following the PM Koirala's verbal commitment to draft the constitution through consensus. PM Koirala has invited senior leaders from the ruling coalition and the opposition bloc to his official residence for the meeting. The meeting will be centred on the works performed by Questionnaire Committee and the major issues of contention in constitution writing process. Kantipur Online, March 7, 2015.


Operations to continue until militancy is eliminated, states General Raheel: The Chief of Pakistan Army staff General Raheel Sharif visited the Corps Headquarters in Peshawar on March 7 where he was briefed on progress made in the ongoing Zarb-i-Azb and Khyber-1 operations. The Army Chief was also briefed on the security situation in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Dawn, March 8, 2015.

Extrajudicial acts by Police aimed at curbing crime, says DIG Sanaullah Abbasi: Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Sanaullah Abbasi while speaking to journalists at the Citizens-Police Liaison Committee (CPLC) office in Hyderabad District of Sindh on March 6 said that extrajudicial killings and other actions cannot be justified officially but society has come to accept this 'modus operandi' of Police to eradicate crimes and make streets safer. "It is not necessary for an encounter to be seen as genuine only if a Policeman loses his life in it. You can see Police have restored peace and order in the city (through this modus operandi)…," he said. Dawn, March 7, 2015.

Islamabad lifts unannounced ban on non-terror executions: The Government of Pakistan on March 6 lifted an unannounced ban on executions in all cases other than terrorism since that has already been implemented in the aftermath of December 16, 2014, Peshawar school attack. The Federal Government has informed Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK), Gilgit-Baltistan and all four Provincial Governments in this regard. According to the order by the Federal Ministry of Interior, over 1,000 convicts would be hanged across the country. The News, March 7, 2015.

International cooperation needed to eliminate terrorism, says Foreign Office Spokesperson Tasneem Aslam: Foreign Office Spokesperson Tasneem Aslam on March 5 said in Islamabad that terrorism is a menace that any country alone cannot fight and required cooperation of all countries. The Spokesperson said menace of terrorism is a problem that affects everyone, particularly this region. She said Pakistan has suffered the most and it has done more than any other country to counter terrorism and we expect similar role from other countries. She said there are reports and also investigations about the number of incidents took place in India. The Nation, March 6, 2015.

Ban on Haqqani Network under consideration, says Pakistan Ambassador to US Jalil Abbas Jilani: During a roundtable organised by the Christian Science Monitor in Washington on March 3, Pakistan's Ambassador to the United States (US) Jalil Abbas Jilani said that a formal announcement on outlawing the Haqqani Network it still under consideration. "These are the kind of issues that are in the works, I would say," Jilani said, when asked on a timeline for a formal announcement on the subject. Earlier in January 2015 Pakistani officials had said that Islamabad had decided to outlaw the militant group and that a formal announcement would come "within weeks." The News, March 4, 2015.

Pakistan and India agree to end tension on LoC and Working Boundary, says report: Pakistan and India on March 3 agreed to end the tension on the Line of Control (LoC) and Working Boundary and narrow down the differences in "a spirit of friendship and cooperation". Indian Foreign Secretary Subrahmanyam Jaishankar called on Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Adviser to PM on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz and Special Assistant to PM on Foreign Affairs Tariq Fatemi after one-on-one and delegation-level talks with his Pakistani counterpart Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry. The News, March 4, 2015.

2,000 unregistered Afghans deported since December 16, 2014, attack on APS School, says unnamed security official: Pakistan has deported around 2,000 unregistered Afghans after the attack on Army Public School in Peshawar on December 16, 2014, said an unnamed security official on March 2. According to the sources, "Pakistani authorities have clearly conveyed to the Afghan Government that around three million refugees are posing grave security risk and it is now working to send back non-registered Afghan refugees at the earliest to minimise these risks." Tribune, March 3, 2015.

145 seminaries classified 'highly sensitive' in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, reveals Government Report: A report compiled by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Provincial Government, titled 'District-wise details of Madaris', revealed that 145 madrassas in the Province fall in the 'highly sensitive' category. It states that of the 3,010 seminaries in the terror-hit province, 26 per cent are unregistered. It also reveals that in the KP region, 57 per cent of the Category B (highly sensitive) madrassas are in Tank District, which has a total of 123 madrassas. Dawn, March 3, 2015.


India helped us in war against LTTE, says Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe: In an interview ahead of Indian Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi's visit to Sri Lanka, Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe said that Indian politicians might have developed "amnesia" over the fact that India had assisted former President Mahinda Rajapaksa in the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) war of 2009. Lankan Prime Minister said "Without the help of India, President Rajapaksa could not have wiped out the LTTE. The Hindu, March 6, 2015.

UN Human Rights Chief urges Sri Lanka not to repeat failures of the past:The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein on March 5 urged the Sri Lankan Government to design mechanisms that will work to address the human rights issues and not repeat the failures of the past. Delivering the Opening Statement at the 28th Session of United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva, Switzerland, the High Commissioner said the Member States were due to consider his report on the implementation of UNHRC resolution 25/1 on accountability and reconciliation in Sri Lanka, including the findings of the comprehensive investigation mandated by the Council at this session. Colombo Page, March 7, 2015.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe denies existence of secret detention camps:Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on March 1 said the accusations that Tamil youth were being held in secret detention camps were baseless. Wickremesinghe emphasised that all those who had been taken into custody were being held in legally run facilities and, therefore, all detainees could be accounted for. He said instructions had been given for preparing a full list of persons in custody in a bid to dispel fears expressed in some quarters as regards secret detention camps. The Island, March 5, 2015.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

South Asia Intelligence Review [SAIR]

K. P. S. Gill

Dr. Ajai Sahni

A Project of the
Institute For Conflict Management

To receive FREE advance copies of SAIR by email Subscribe.

Recommend South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) to a friend.





Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.