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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 13, No. 41, April 13, 2015

Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal


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Persistent Mischief
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) ‘commander’ and alleged mastermind of the November 26, 2008, Mumbai (Maharashtra, India) terror attacks (also known as 26/11), was released from Adiyala Jail in Rawalpindi, in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, in the night of April 9, 2015. He furnished a PKR two million in surety bonds. According to Jail authorities, following his release, he was picked up by members of Jama'at-ud-Dawa (JuD), the LeT front organization amid ‘tight security’. His current location is not known. Earlier in the day, the Lahore High Court had dismissed the order of detention issued against him by the Okara District Coordination Officer (DCO) on March 14, 2014.   

Lakhvi was arrested on December 7, 2008, along with six others allegedly involved in the Mumbai attack, and challenged his indictment in the Lahore High Court on December 5, 2009. A bail plea filed by him was dismissed in August 2010, and he continued in Jail – albeit, according to reports, in extraordinary comfort and with a range of perks and privileges that provided him unprecedented access to cadres of his ostensibly banned terrorist group, the LeT. He was granted bail by the Islamabad Anti-Terrorism Court, citing ‘lack of evidence’ on December 18, 2014. Ironically, this was just two days after the December 16, 2014, Army Public School (APS) attack, in which 148 persons, including 135 children were killed, and in the wake of numerous declarations by the country’s political and military leadership that all forms of terrorism would be suppressed in Pakistan. A succession of maneuvers, thereafter, under intense pressure from India and the international community, has kept Lakhvi behind bars since then.

Meanwhile, the LeT founder and JuD 'chief' Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, also a close relative of Lakhvi, has roamed free across the country all these years under direct state patronage. Saeed, who has a USD 10 million US Government bounty on his head, is, according to Pakistani authorities, a “philanthropist”. Pakistan’s Minister for Defence Production, Rana Tanveer Hussain, on January 16, 2015, declared that Pakistan could not ban the JuD led by Hafiz Muhammad Saeed because it is a charitable and not a terrorist organisation. 

Unsurprisingly, despite several reports and claims of a ban on the ‘charitable’ JuD and the Haqqani Network (which operates under Pakistani state support against the Kabul regime in Afghanistan) in the aftermath of the Peshawar APS attack, it was subsequently confirmed that these outfits remained ‘legal’. Federal Minister of Interior Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, while clarifying that the Government had not outlawed any group after the APS attack, declared, on February 11, 2015, "Yes we are a signatory to the United Nations (UN) Charter and we will devise a policy on this topic [but] so far, we have only added 10 organisations - proscribed by the UN - to our watch list." Interestingly, the Supreme Court on January 22, 2015, had directed the Federal Government to upload on its websites, details pertaining to terrorist outfits banned by the Government. The Court observed that no such record was available and friendly countries should also be informed in this regard. The Government had earlier claimed that it had banned 63 terrorist outfits, but no record or notification of such a list is in the public domain. It is, however, a fact that similar lists consisting of varying numbers of ‘banned’ terror groups had been released by the National Assembly in the past. It now emerges that all but 10 of these organizations are not banned but merely on a ‘watch list’ which places them under no legal restraint.

Amidst these developments, Islamabad continues with its deceptive posturing. Between December 17, 2014, a day after the APS attack, when the moratorium on execution of death penalties in terrorism-related cases was lifted, and March 10, 2015, when the Government decided to implement the death penalty in all cases, a total of 24 persons were executed. Of these, however, only eight have been involved in terror cases. Between March 10 and till April 10, 2015, another 46 prisoners were executed, of which none were terrorists. The eight terrorists who have been hanged include:

  • Niaz Mohammad, who was executed on December 31, 2014, in Peshawar Central Prison for his involvement in the assassination attempt on the life of then President General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf, on December 25, 2003. Niaz was a close aide of Adnan Rasheed, the chief ‘operational commander’ of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)-linked Ansarul Aseer (Helpers of the Prisoners) - a unit which was founded to secure freedom for the imprisoned jihadis by conducting jail-break operations.

  • Ahmed Ali, who belonged to the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), was hanged at the New Central Jail of Multan in Punjab in the early morning of January 7, 2015. A resident of Shorkot, Jhang District, he was handed capital punishment for killing three men in an act of sectarian killing on January 7, 1998.

  • Ghulam Shabbir, also of SSP, was hanged at the New Central Jail of Multan in Punjab in the early morning of January 7, 2015. A resident of the Talamba area of Khanewal District, he had killed Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Anwar Khan and his driver Ghulam Murtaza on the Bohar Gate Road in Multan on August 4, 2000. Charges of sectarian violence were also proved against him.

  • Zulfikar Ali, who was convicted of killing two Policemen near the US Consulate General in Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh, was hanged at Adiala jail in Rawalpindi on January 13, 2015. Ali, a resident of Naval Colony, Hub Road, in Karachi, was associated with al Qaeda.

  • Mohammad Saeed alias Maulvi was hanged at Karachi Central Jail in the morning of January 14, 2015. Saeed who was associated with Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) was awarded the death sentence by Karachi ATC in April 2001 for the killing of DSP (Retd) Syed Sabir Hussain Shah and his son Syed Abid Hussain Shah on sectarian ground in an ambush near the Malir City Railway crossing in 2000. 

  • Ikramul Haq of SSP was hanged at Kot Lakhpat Central Jail, Lahore, in the morning of January 17, 2015. In 2004 an anti-terrorism court in Faisalabad had given him the death sentence in connection with the killing of a man, Nayyar Abbas, at Shorkot area of Jhang District on July 9, 2001. Abbas was a guard of Altaf Shah of the banned Sipah-i-Muhammad at an Imambargah (Shia place of worship) in Shorkot.

  • Mohammad Azam alias Sharif and Attaullah alias Qasim, who belonged to the LeJ, were hanged at the Karachi central prison in the early hours of February 3, 2015. Both Attaullah and Azam were sentenced to death by an ATC in July 2004 for their involvement in the killing of Dr. Ali Raza Peerani on sectarian grounds on June 26, 2001 in the Soldier Bazaar area of Karachi.

None of the terrorists hanged were from leadership ranks.

According to officials of the Ministries of Interior and Law and Justice and Human Rights there were around 8,261 prisoners on death row in more than five dozen jails of the country as of on December 17, 2014. Around 30 per cent of them were believed to be convicted under the Anti-terrorism Act by Special Courts after 2003-04.

Meanwhile, in response to hangings and executions of terrorists in Pakistan, domestically oriented terrorist groups, primarily the TTP and its splinters, such as Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, have intensified their operations. According to partial data compile by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), since the hanging of Aqeel alias Dr. Usman, the first terrorist to be hanged (on December 19, 2014) after the APS attack, at least 1,485 persons, including 354 civilians, 115 SF personnel and 1016 terrorists, have been killed in just 114 days (data till April 12, 2015). Overall fatalities in Pakistan in terrorism-related violence in the current year (2015) have already crossed at least 1,263 - 339 civilians, 103 SF personnel and 821 terrorists.

Pakistan continues with a two faced strategy of arbitrary and sporadic ruthlessness against domestic terrorists, on the one hand, and sustained support to externally directed terrorism, particularly in Afghanistan and India, on the other. In this, it has occasionally succeeded in deceiving elements within the international community into believing that it is acting against ‘terrorism’, and in turn securing the release of fairly regular doses of economic and military aid. In the process, it has created a domestic environment of extremism and endemic violence, within which all forms of terrorism continue to flourish. Pakistan has done grievous harm to its neighbourhood, and to the world, by long and continued support to Islamist extremism and terrorism, but it appears to have inflicted the greatest injury on itself.

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Nagaland: Twist in the Tale
Giriraj Bhattacharjee
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

In an early morning ambush, suspected National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) militants killed three troopers of the 4th Battalion of the Rajput Regiment and injured another four at Tukpi village of Tirap District in Arunachal Pradesh on April 2, 2015. The identity of the faction responsible is yet to be ascertained.

A similar ambush was reported from the neighboring Changlang District (Arunachal Pradesh) on February 6, 2015, when two civilian porters were killed and nine Assam Rifles (AR) personnel were injured in an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast at Monmao village. One of the wounded AR troopers succumbed to his injuries a day later. An unnamed source from NSCN’s Khaplang faction (NSCN-K) claimed that the attack was a joint operation by the NSCN-K and the Independent faction of the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA-I) against the Indian Army.

The February 6, 2015, attack was the first in Arunachal since October 25, 2007, in which a Security Force (SF) trooper was killed. Three AR personnel and a civilian were killed and eight persons were injured in a powerful IED explosion engineered by NSCN’s Isak-Muivah faction (NSCN-IM) in a remote jungle in the Tirap District on October 25, 2007.

Perturbed by the developments, Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Nabam Tuki, on April 4, 2015, made a fervent appeal to the Centre to resolve the insurgency in the region once and for all: "Unless the core issue of insurgency is resolved permanently, such incidents may recur. At the receiving end will always be the common people, security personnel, the administration and the State Government. The central Government needs to act fast." The ‘core issue of insurgency’ in Arunachal Pradesh is linked to Naga militant outfits, a fact that the Union Ministry of Home Affairs [UMHA] had underscored while extending the Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) through a formal notification on September 20, 2014. Out of 21 Districts in the State12, are currently under the purview of AFSPA.

Arunachal’s Tirap, Changlang and Longding Districts, of which Longding shares borders with Nagaland, have long been strongholds of Naga outfits. These Districts share borders with Myanmar, where Naga militant formations have a strong presence. They are part of the imagined ‘Greater Nagaland’ for which Naga militants claim to be fighting.  

Within Nagaland, one violent incident targeting SFs has already been reported since January 1, 2015. On March 26, 2015, four AR troopers were injured when gunmen opened fire at the personnel, who were waiting for a convoy near Indira Gandhi stadium in Kohima. Though the last SF fatality in Nagaland took place on May 11, 2008, when Police recovered the dead body of an Indian Reserve Battalion (IRB) trooper between the Keyive and Heningkunglwa areas under Peren District; the last attack targeting SFs took place on September 19, 2011, when militants opened fire targeting SF personnel on National Highway 2, near old Modern College in Upper AG colony in Kohima District on September 19, 2011. One civilian was killed and three others, including two AR personnel, were injured during the firing.

The incidents suggest that Naga militants, principally the NSCN-IM, NSCN-K and NSCN-Khole-Kitovi [NSCN-KK], amidst their continuing internecine battle, both within and outside the territory of Nagaland, are resuming their fight against the Indian State, believing that their respective ceasefire agreements have failed to ‘deliver’.

Indeed, on March 31, 2015, NSCN-K asserted that it was no use extending the ceasefire without discussing the issue of Naga "sovereignty”. In a press note issued by the organization’s ‘military supervisor ', ‘lieutenant-general’ Niki Sumi, the group claimed that the Government of India had failed to discuss the "Naga sovereignty issue", which was the only basis of the Nagas struggle, and it was therefore futile to continue the extension of ceasefire: “Clamouring for peace without even an inclination to discuss sovereignty issue or resolution of sovereignty is only farce and any settlement or solution short of sovereignty would only be a betrayal of Nagas historical and political legacy.”

Earlier, on March 27, 2015, NSCN-K ‘chairman’, S.S. Khaplang, had expelled two senior kilonsers (ministers), Wangtin Konyak, also known as Y. Wangtin Naga, and  T. Tikhak, for their alleged "anti-Naga nationalism". The ‘expelled’ duo had reportedly, on the same day, attended the ceasefire supervisory board (CFSB) meeting at Chumukedima (Dimapur) and had expressed their desire to extend the ceasefire with the Centre. NSCN-K had signed the ceasefire agreement with the Central Government on April 28, 2001, and this has since been extended annually. The last extension agreed upon between the two sides was in April 2014, which will expire on April 28, 2015. Except for the ritual of meeting to decide the yearly extension of ceasefire, not a single round of talks was held between the Government and NSCN-K during this entire period.

Further, prior to the signing of the ceasefire with the NSCN-IM in July 31, 1997, the Centre had assured the outfit that it would not engage in dialogue with any other Naga group, and had stated that the NSCN-IM was the only ‘legitimate’ Naga group. The assurance has proven costly in the long run.

Meanwhile, the ‘expelled’ duo of Y. Wangtin Naga and T. Tikhak formed an new faction, NSCN-Reformation (NSCN-R) on April 6, 2015. The Press Release announcing its formation stated that its primary agenda would be to “develop a sense of brotherhood among the Naga family and also to rebuild the trust and faith among the Naga society. We would also like to give opportunity to all the Naga people, NGO’s, social organization, intellectuals and leaders of various tribal councils to share their ideas in building a renewed Naga society. It will also be our humble effort to run the party without becoming a liability to the people.”

This is the second split within NSCN-K since 2011. Earlier, on June 7, 2011, Khole Konyak and N. Kitovi Zhimomi left NSCN-K to form the NSCN-KK. The split was followed by a sharp increase in fratricidal killings. The incidents of fratricidal killing, however, declined through 2014, primarily due to the signing of the 'Lenten Agreement' on March 28, 2014, during a two-day reconciliation meeting of three Naga militant groups - NSCN-IM, NSCN-KK and Naga National Council/ Federal Government of Nagaland (NNC/FGN) - at Dimapur, under the banner of the Forum for Naga Reconciliation (FNR). NSCN-KK is presently observing a ceasefire with the Government.

The Centre, however, is continuing the unilateral ceasefire with NSCN-K, according to a statement by an unnamed senior intelligence officer on April 3, 2015, when asked why the Centre was not retaliating to the April 2 attack.

In the meantime, there has been no positive development with regard to talks with the NSCN-IM. The Union Government’s Interlocutor for Naga Peace Talks and Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC), R. N. Ravi, ruling out any time bound strategy to deal with the NSCN-IM, on April 6, 2015 observed, “The Government has not given any timeline to end the talks. I have no knowledge of it but we are trying to come to a logical conclusion as early as possible.” Interestingly, National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Doval, on October 18, 2014, had asserted, “There should never be any feeling that it (talks) is protracted… The (peace) process is the means to an end and if there is an end, which is a desired end, it must be found in real time. There should be rule of law in the Naga insurgency-affected areas for which peace process must be completed as early as possible.”

The Government is clearly pinned on the horns of a dilemma. More than 70 rounds of talks have taken place between NSCN-IM and the Central Government since 1997, without any tangible gains on issues such as ‘Naga sovereignty’ and ‘integration’. On the other hand, NSCN-IM ‘general secretary’ Thuingaleng Muivah, on April 4, 2015, clarified that in the course of political negotiations with the Union Government, the Nagas have not given up on any issues, including the “sovereign rights and integration of all the Naga areas that were divided by the colonial powers without the free and informed consent of the Nagas.”

The Government’s directionless approach could also impact on the neighbouring Manipur State. The Coordination Committee (CorCom), an umbrella of Imphal valley based militant groups in Manipur, stated on March 29, 2014, "The decision taken by the NSCN-K under the leadership of S.S. Khaplang to abrogate the 14-year ceasefire with the Centre is a right step." According to reports some cadres of NSCN-K are stationed in Manipur’s Tamenglong District. On March 21, 2015, four Army personnel, including a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) of the 2nd Battalion of the 5th Gorkha Rifles on December 17, 2014, were injured in an ambush by NSCN-K militants at Luklang Khunou in Tamenglong District.

As the violent incidents of last few months suggests, NSCN-K decision to unilaterally call off the ceasefire, the split within its ranks, and the Union Government’s failure to make any progress with regard to talks with NSCN-IM, could lead to greater violence in Nagaland and neighboring northeastern states. SFs, who had enjoyed clear respite from terror, will, in particular, face the brunt of escalating violence, if these developments continue. Intelligence inputs predict a spike in hit-and-run attacks on SFs over the coming days, particularly by NSCN-K militants operating from across the Indo-Myanmar border.

While better management of the Indo-Myanmar border will be critical to contain the current trend, the unending ramble of the ‘Naga talks’ will have to be brought to a rational conclusion if a permanent solution to the repeated cycles of violence is to be found.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
April 6-12, 2015



Security Force Personnel











Jammu and Kashmir




Left-wing Extremism






Total (INDIA)











Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


JeI Senior Assistant Secretary General Mohammed Kamaruzzaman hanged at Dhaka Central Jail: Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) Senior Assistant Secretary General Mohammed Kamaruzzaman (63), the third most senior figure in the JeI was hanged was hanged on April 11 at 10:30pm at Dhaka Central Jail for crimes against humanity during the Liberation War of 1971. Kamaruzzaman is the second JeI leader to be hanged for atrocities during the 1971 war. Kamaruzzaman was arrested on July 13, 2010, and indicted on June 4, 2012. On May 9, 2013, International Crimes Tribunal-2 (ICT-2) handed over death penalty to Kamaruzzaman after finding him guilty of five out of seven charges leveled against him. Earlier, on December 12, 2013, JeI Assistant Secretary Abdul Quader Mollah (65), who earned the nickname 'Mirpurer Koshai (Butcher of Mirpur)' was hanged at Dhaka Central Jail. Daily Star, April 12, 2015.

Begum Khaleda Zia has gone back to her residence with agony of failure and defeat after staying in her office for 92 days aiming to topple Government, says PM Sheikh Hasina Wajed: Prime Minister (PM) Sheikh Hasina Wajed on April 7 said that Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia has gone back to her residence with the agony of failure and defeat after staying in her office for 92 days aiming to topple the Government. She said "Khaleda has suffered a heavy defeat, she got back home embracing failure and defeat. She had vowed to return home with a floral necklace around her neck, but she couldn't. Instead, she had to appear before the court and returned home after having been defeated from all aspects and with all the agonies." The Independent, April 8, 2015.


SIMI regrouping in Ahmedabad, according to Gujarat ATS: Gujarat Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) has found signs of banned Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) regrouping in Ahmedabad. Alerted by some suspicious movements, its sleuths raided a house in Juhapura in Ahmedabad District in search of Yasin Patel alias Falahi, a key SIMI operative. Falahi could not be arrested, but Police have confirmed information that he was present in the city on March 28, 2015 and met former SIMI cadres. Ahmedabad Mirror, April 11, 2015.

Terror funds of INR 150 million recovered since 2006, says report: In the data on terror financing tabulated from 2006 till date, terror finances to the tune of INR 148.5 million have been recovered by National Investigation Agency (NIA) and Police of 15 states. The NIA has surpassed the states in recovery of terror finances despite starting operations as late as 2009. According to the report, the agency seized INR 36.6 million in terror funds in 11 cases investigated by it since its inception. As many as 101 persons are accused in these cases. Jammu and Kashmir ranks second only to NIA in seizures. Times of India, April 10, 2015.

NSCN-K 'reaffirms' naga 'sovereignty': Khaplang faction of National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-K) has reiterated that it would not compromise on 'naga sovereignty' and 'Pan-naga' identity and reaffirmed its abrogation of the cease fire with the Government of India and also expulsion of Y. Wangtin Naga. The 'ministry of information and publicity' (MIP) of NSCN-K stated that abrogation of the cease fire and expulsion of Wangtin were invoked in order to salvage Naga struggle from being decimated by "collusion of forces from within and outside". Nagaland Post, April 9, 2015.

HuM's frontal organisation Ansar ul-Ummah banned by UMHA on alleged involvement in anti-India activities: Alarmed over their activities in India, particularly Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA) slapped a ban on Ansar ul-Ummah (AUU), a frontal organisation of banned Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM). As per UMHA, the alleged involvement of AUU has been found in anti-India activities. Economic Times, April 13, 2015.

AFSPA extended to more areas of Arunachal Pradesh: Government has extended Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to almost the entire State of Arunachal Pradesh, citing a serious law and order situation in all Districts of the State which border Assam. As per a new notification issued by Union Home Ministry (UMHA) on March 27, all Districts of Arunachal Pradesh bordering the State of Assam have been declared as "disturbed area" under Section 3 of AFSPA for next one year. Sangai Express, April 8, 2015.

Pakistan Army and ISI have directed militants operating in Jammu and Kashmir not to carry out attacks on civilians but to target SFs, say Union Home Ministry officials: Union Home Ministry officials said that Pakistan Army and its intelligence agency, Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) have directed the militants operating in Jammu and Kashmir not to carry out attacks on civilians but to target Security Forces (SFs) leading to spurt in casualties among men in uniform. Officials said the killing of three Policemen by militants on April 6 in Kashmir valley was a clear indication about the plans of the Pakistan-sponsored groups. Times of India, April 6, 2015.


'Constitution through process if no consensus by April 13,' says CA Chairman Subas Chandra Nembang: On April 10, Chairman of the Constituent Assembly (CA) Subas Chandra Nembang said the process for the promulgation of the new constitution would be forwarded if political parties failed to forge consensus within April 13. Chairman Nembang said that there was no alternative to forward the process as per the rule of the CA if political parties failed to forge consensus on the disputed issues of the constitution or the due process within the next three days. Kantipur Online, April 11, 2015.


50 militants and one SF among 51 persons killed during the week in FATA: At least 20 Jamaat-ul-Ahrar (JuA) militants were killed as Security Forces (SFs) foiled their move to enter Pakistan from Afghanistan side in the Shunkrai area of Mohmand Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in the night of April 11.

A US drone strike killed at least four Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militants in Shawal valley of North Waziristan Agency on April 12.

At least 16 suspected militants were killed and at least 10 others were injured when helicopter gunships pounded militant hideouts in Kandaw and Kandu Ghaibi areas of Kukikhel in Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency on April 9.

Seven TTP militants were killed and two others were injured in other air strikes in Mehraban Kalley, Thor Darra and Wochay Wany areas of Tirah Valley on April 9. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer,  April 7-13, 2015.  

US drones killed 50 AQIS militants over past few months, claims AQIS: The al Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) on April 12 claimed that a series of American drone strikes have killed nearly 50 of its members, including two senior leaders, over the past few months. Deputy head AQIS Ustad Ahmad Farooq and Qari Imran, the group's central council member and in charge of al Qaeda in Afghanistan, were killed in separate US drone attacks in North Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on January 5 and 15 respectively, AQIS 'spokesperson' Usama Mehmood said in an audio message. The audio was emailed to the media on April 12. Tribune, April 13, 2015.

LeT 'commander' and 26/11 accused Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi released: Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) 'commander' and mastermind of 26/11 attacks, Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, was released from Adiala Jail in Rawalpindi District on April 10. The Lahore High Court (LHC) on April 9, 2015, suspended his detention and ordered his immediate release. Jama'at-ud-Dawa (JuD) supporters were present outside the prison to receive Lakhvi. Lakhvi's counsel Raja Rizwan Abbasi had said that the government was left with no other 'legal option' but to release his client after the LHC suspended his detention. "Neither the government nor the Adiala Jail authorities can violate the court's order this time," he said. Sources said that Lakhvi was released overnight without any announcements from jail authorities or the JuD. Lakhvi was shifted to an unspecified location after his release, the sources added. The News, April 11, 2015.

263 hardcore terrorists killed in Tirah valley of Khyber Agency, says ISPR: In a series of tweets posted on his official Twitter account on April 8, Director General of Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Asim Bajwa outlined Pakistan Army's successes in Operation Zarb-i-Azb, revealing that 263 terrorists have been killed so far in Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency. The ISPR spokesman tweeted that the information was given in a briefing to Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif during his visit to frontline troops amidst the ongoing operation in Khyber Agency. The News, April 9, 2015.

UNSC slaps sanctions on TTP 'chief' Mullah Fazlullah: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on April 7 slapped sanctions on Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) 'chief' Mullah Fazlullah (40) for perpetrating and financing terror acts. Fazlullah was added to the UNSC al Qaeda Sanctions list and will now be subject to assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo. The Security Council Committee approved Fazlullah's entry to its al Qaeda Sanctions List of individuals and entities for "participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan." Business Standard, April 8, 2015.

US approves billion-dollar arms sale to Pakistan: The United States (US) State Department on April 7 approved Pakistan's request for a billion dollars worth of military hardware and equipment, identifying Pakistan as a country of vital importance for US foreign policy and national interests. The US Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale. "This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of a country vital to US foreign policy and national security goals in South Asia," the certification said, adding, "This proposed sale of helicopters and weapon systems will provide Pakistan with military capabilities in support of its counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations in South Asia." Dawn, April 8, 2015.


Army releases 570 acres of land from High Security Zones in Jaffna District: The Army on April 10 released 570 acres of land from High Security Zones in Jaffna District to the District Secretary for Jaffna for distribution among rightful owners. The Army in a statement said, "Under today's phase, 397 acres from Kankasanthurai South and 173 acres from Valali in the Valikamam sector of Jaffna District have now been released to the District Secretariat, thus completing the extent of 1000 acres assured by the Government." Colombo Page, April 11, 2015. 

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

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