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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 15, No. 38, March 20, 2017

Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal


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Balochistan: Violent Status Quo
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

At least five persons, including two Frontier Corps (FC) personnel, were injured in a targeted hand grenade attack in the Cinema Chowk area of Turbat town in Balochistan on March 12, 2017. FC sources said that two unidentified assailants riding a motorcycle lobbed a hand grenade on on-duty FC personnel, injuring two troopers and three civilians. The attackers managed to escape from the scene.

On March 7, 2017, militants targeted an Army vehicle with an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) in the Awaran District, killing one soldier. Sources disclosed that unidentified militants had planted an IED on the roadside, which they detonated with a remote control device while targeting the security vehicle.

On February 28, 2017, at least three FC personnel and one civilian were injured in an IED blast on the Sariab Road in Quetta, the provincial capital of Balochistan. The bomb, which was planted on the roadside, targeted an FC vehicle while it was on patrol. The explosion left the vehicle partially damaged.

On February 16, 2017, three Army personnel were killed when an IED, targeting an Army convoy, exploded in Awaran town. The dead were identified as Captain Taha, Sepoy Kamran Satti and Sepoy Mehtar Jan. Another two soldiers were also injured in the attack.

The terrorist violence against Security Force (SF) personnel in Balochistan during the first 75 days of 2017 was just a continuation of the targeted killings that had seen an escalation through 2016. While the civilian and militant categories saw just five and six fatalities, respectively, in this period in 2017, at least 12 SF personnel were killed in 15 incidents of militant-orchestrated attacks. 2016 saw the highest fatalities among SFs over the preceding five years, with 153 killed. According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), of the 153 SF personnel killed in 2016, 131 lost their lives in Northern Balochistan, while the remaining 22 were killed in Southern Balochistan.

While the province recorded a surge in SF fatalities through 2016, overall fatalities registered a marginal .31 per cent decrease. According to the SATP database, Balochistan recorded 633 fatalities through 2016, including 251 civilians, 229 militants and 153 SF personnel; in comparison to 635 total fatalities, including 298 militants, 247 civilians and 90 SF personnel in 2015. 2016 had been a year of mixed trends in different categories in comparison to the previous year. While militant fatalities declined by 23.15 per cent, SF and civilian fatalities registered an increase of 70 per cent and 1.61 per, cent respectively.

Fatalities in Balochistan: 2011-2017

Source: SATP, *Data till March 19, 2017.

While the overall fatalities had recorded a meagre diminution, the major proportion of these fatalities came in the form of suicide attacks. The number and lethality of suicide attacks in Balochistan increased considerably, from just one such incident resulting in two fatalities in 2015, to seven attacks in 2016 resulting in 224 deaths and 434 injuries. The most deadly of all suicide blast came on August 8, 2016, when a suicide bomber blew himself up at the emergency ward of Quetta's Civil Hospital, killing at least 74 persons and injuring another 100. 74 persons includes 55 lawyers who had gathered at the hospital to mourn the death of BBA President Bilal Anwar Kasi in a gun attack earlier in the day.

Two other prominent suicide attacks of the year were:

November 12, 2016: At least 52 persons were killed and another 102 were injured in suicide attack at the shrine of Shah Norani in Khuzdar District.

October 24, 2016: At least 61 SF personnel were killed, and another 164 were injured as terrorists stormed the New Sariab Police Training College (PTC), some 13 kilometres away from Quetta, in the night.

Though, the Province registered a decrease in the number of bomb blasts from 60 in 2015 to 43 in 2016, the resultant fatalities increased from 80 in 2015, to 262 in 2016, particularly as a result of the suicide bombings. Similarly, the number of major incidents (each involving three or more fatalities) decreased in comparison to the previous year, but fatalities in these incidents increased: as against 74 major incidents in 2015, 2016 had recorded 59, but the resultant fatalities increased from 397 to 500.

These trends nullify the Government's claim of 'containing militancy' through the implementation of National Action Plan (NAP). This is despite the fact, as the Balochistan Home Department disclosed on August 20, 2016, that 13,575 terrorists were arrested and 337 were killed in some 2,825 operations in the Province in 2015-16. The Home Department issued a report over progress in the implementation of NAP. According to the report, 4,223 different types of guns and 248,327 bullets and mortar shells were seized until August 2016 since January 7, 2015.

Meanwhile, the increase in civilian and SF categories was the result, on the one hand, of the extra-judicial killings of civilians by SFs, and the retaliatory target killing of SF personnel by the ethnic Baloch insurgents. Through 2016, at least 251 civilians were killed in Balochistan, of which some 138 were attributable to one or other militant outfit. The remaining 113 'unattributed' fatalities were overwhelmingly the work of the State apparatus and its surrogates. Of the 3,815 civilian fatalities recorded in Balochistan since 2004 [data till March 19, 2017], at least 1,051 civilian killings are attributable to one or other militant outfit. Of these, 361 civilian killings (205 in the South and 156 in the North) have been claimed by Baloch separatist formations, while Islamist and sectarian extremist formations -primarily LeJ, TTP and Ahrar-ul-Hind (Liberators of India) -claimed responsibility for another 690 civilian killings, 631 in the North (mostly in and around Quetta) and 59 in the South. The 363 civilian killings attributed to Baloch formations include at least 155 Punjabi settlers since 2006. The remaining 2,764 civilian fatalities- 1,668 in the South and 1,096 in the North-remain 'unattributed'. A large proportion of the ‘unattributed’ fatalities, particularly in the Southern region, are believed to be the result of enforced disappearances carried out by state agencies, or by their proxies, prominently including the Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Aman Balochistan (TNAB, Movement for the Restoration of Peace, Balochistan). The large and continuously mounting number of unattributed civilian fatalities reconfirms the widespread conviction that Security Agencies engage in 'kill and dump' operations against local Baloch dissidents, a reality that Pakistan's Supreme Court has clearly recognized.

Nearly 1,000 bodies of political activists and suspected separatists have been found in the restive Balochistan province over the past six years, according to the Pakistan Government's official figures. A media report noted, "According to the Federal Ministry of Human Rights, at least 936 dead bodies have been found in Balochistan since 2011." Most of the bodies were dumped in the regions of Quetta, Kalat, Khuzdar and Mekran-areas where Balochistan's separatist insurgency has its roots. Rights activists said the figures pointed to large-scale extrajudicial killings, the report added. Relatives assert most of the victims were picked up by security agencies. Thousands of people have disappeared without trace in Balochistan since a separatist insurgency gained momentum in 2007. A military-led operation was launched in early 2005 to counter the uprising by ethnic Baloch groups, who want a greater say in decision-making and exploitation of the Province's abundant natural resources, such as minerals and gas.

The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) has recorded 1,200 cases of dumped bodies and asserts that there are many more it has not been able to document. VBMP chief Nasrullah Baloch added that most of the bodies "are of those activists who have been victims of 'enforced disappearances'-people who are picked up by authorities and then just go missing". His allegations were largely in line with a 2013 report by the independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) that recorded "credible reports of continued serious human rights violations, including disappearances of people, arbitrary arrests, torture and extrajudicial killings".

Meanwhile, the claim of the Federal Government's 'Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances' added salt to the wounds of the Baloch people. The Chairman of the Commission, retired Justice Javed Iqbal, told a Senate standing committee on December 19, 2016, that only 96 people were missing in Balochistan and the matter had been politicised.

The representative of Balochistan at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) and European Union (EU), Mehran Marri, stated, on August 13, 2016,
The situation in Balochistan is as grave as ever. Pakistan's military operations have been continuing unabated. The Army Chief, the Prime Minister and the stooge ministers, who are sitting in the Baloch Cabinet had a meeting and they agreed on a National Action Plan to further isolate Baloch activists, freedom-loving nationals and the population from the rest of Pakistan, and certain other elimination process of genocide through a plan called the National Action Plan.

The pro-Government Balochistan National Party-Mengal (BNP-M) also underlined the prolonged Baloch discontent. BNP-M president Sardar Akhtar Jan Mengal asserted, on March 5, 2017, that successive rulers of the country over the preceding 70 years had given nothing to the people of Balochistan, except hunger, poverty, unemployment and lawlessness. He alleged that the rulers had deliberately kept Balochistan backward. The rulers had never paid attention to the development of Balochistan and deprived its people of their due rights, including their share in the natural resources of their own Province. He claimed that no development could be seen in Balochistan under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), and that this project would not benefit the people of Balochistan, as not a single development project had been launched in the region as part of the mega project.

Dubbing China as a 'great threat' to the Baloch people, UNHRC Balochistan representative Mehran Marri said that "China really-really is spreading its tentacles in Balochistan very rapidly, and therefore, we are appealing to the international community. The Gwadar project is for the Chinese military. This would be detrimental to international powers, to the people's interest, where 60 percent of world's oil flows. So, the world has to really take rapid action in curbing China's influence in Balochistan in particular and in Pakistan in general." Asserting that CPEC would convert the Baloch people into minorities in their own homeland, Noordin Mengal, a human rights campaigner from Balochistan, stated that, with an influx of outsiders as a result of the project, the identity of the Baloch was being threatened.

Concern about demographic changes in Balochistan was reiterated in a report by the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) on December 28, 2016, which noted that, at the current rate of influx of Chinese nationals into Balochistan and after completion of the CPEC, the native population of the area would be outnumbered by 2048. The report added that, conservatively, 0.44 persons per thousand migrate from china because of economic reasons, resulting in an inflow of more than 600,000 people per year in Pakistan. At present, the Baloch are 55 per cent of the total population of Balochistan. The current growth rate of Balochistan's population is 2.36 per cent. On the existing rate of migration from China at 0.44 persons per thousand and rate of population growth at 0.43 per cent, the share of Chinese in Balochistan's population is destined to accelerate with the completion of the CPEC. Incoming investors and settlers have better capacities to offer attractive prices for land acquisition-often exceeding the growing market value. The unskilled people of the province will face increasing challenges in maintaining their lives without land ownership, their only productive asset, the report observed.

Moreover, while Balochistan is the starting point of the CPEC, the lion's share of the project has been assigned to Punjab, according to Federal Ministry of Interior statistics shared with the Parliament on September 2, 2016. At present, 53 per cent of the total projects are assigned to Punjab. According to official statistics, out of the total of 330 projects, 176 are in Punjab while only eight projects have been allocated for Balochistan.

This has also upset the Baloch people. Balochistan Republican Party on September 3, 2016 alleged that Balochistan's abundant resources were being diverted for the benefit of Pakistan's dominant province, Punjab. Munir Mengal, the President of Baloch Voice Foundation, asserted, on March 13, 2017, that CPEC was a 'strategic design' by Pakistan and China to loot Balochistan's resources and eliminate their culture and identity.

The Federal Government is trying to 'solve' the problem of Baloch discontent through demographic re-engineering, instead of addressing the challenges of development and justice, settling large numbers of workers from the other Provinces in Balochistan, and providing land and a range of facilities to 'outsiders' there. On September 8, 2015, in a meeting of the Senate's Standing Committee on Interior, Senator Jehanzeb Jamaldini observed:
The government settled four million people in various parts of Balochistan in the past three decade...With broader demographic changes in the province, the Government is converting the majority into a minority.

The Aghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan (Beginning of the Rights of Balochistan) package, which was launched by then Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani with much fanfare on November 23, 2009, has proved an eyewash. On its own admission, the Government has only been able to implement 15 of the 61 proposals contained in the package-and the success of these 15 has also been challenged.

Islamabad has pursued a predatory policy with regard to the people and resources of Balochistan for decades, and there is no present indication that this is beginning to change. If anything, things are getting worse.

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Bihar: Maoists Surge
Deepak Kumar Nayak
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

On March 14, 2017, a man identified as Kaushal Paswan (30) was shot dead by Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres near Mahuraushan village in the Gaya District of Bihar. Superintendent of Police (SP), City, Avakash Kumar disclosed that Paswan, a native of Pashewa village, was a member of an anti-Maoist outfit- Bhakt Sangharsh Samiti- formed in 2016 by some Dalits as a vigilante group against Maoists, after they had killed some members of the Bhuian and Paswan communities during the State Assembly polls in 2015.

On March 8, 2017, four CPI-Maoist cadres were killed in an encounter with personnel of the 205th battalion of CoBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in the forest area of Baskatwa under Gurpa Police Station in Gaya District. Acting on a tip-off about a meeting of top Maoist leaders in the area, the Security Forces (SFs) launched an operation and, on seeing SFs, the rebels opened fired, leading to an encounter in which the four Maoists were killed. SFs recovered four bodies of the rebels along with their arms. The arms included two Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) assault rifles, one Self Loading Rifle (SLR) and one AK-47 assault rifle. The slain Maoists were identified as Anil aka Deepak, 'zonal commander' of 'Magadh area committee', Rajesh Ravidas, a 'sub-zonal commander'; Nepali Yadav and Uttam.

On March 1, 2017, cadres of the Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) killed a villager, identified as Jitendra Kharwar, at Goreya village in Rohtas District. TPC is a CPI-Maoist splinter group and operates out of Jharkhand, the neighboring State.

On February 21, 2017, Mantu Khaira, 'zonal-commander' of the CPI-Maoist was killed in an anti-Maoist operation in Dahibara forests under Anandpur in Banka District. SFs recovered two SLRs, an AK-47 and some grenades at the encounter site.

On February 20, 2017, CPI-Maoist cadres killed one Sunil Yadav at Champapur village in Lakhisarai District. Sunil was the husband of the deputy mukhiya (village head) of Champapur village.

On January 30, 2017, Sanjay Pandey, a munshi (accountant) with Raj Kumar Constructions, engaged in construction of rural roads, was beheaded for not paying extortion money to the Naxals [Left Wing Extremists (LWEs)] in Jamui District. Maoist leaflets found near the dead body declared that those executing Government plans with the help of the Police and without obtaining CPI-Maoist permission would meet a similar fate.

According to partial data collated by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), Bihar has already accounted for at least nine Maoist-linked fatalities, including four civilians and five Maoists, in the current year (data till March 19, 2017).During the corresponding period of 2016, the number of such fatalities stood at eight (one civilian, two SF personnel and five Maoists).

Indeed, the declining trend in fatalities recorded in the State since 2011 registered a sharp reversal in 2016. According to the SATP database, 32 persons, including eight civilians, 15 SF personnel and nine Maoists, were killed in the State in 2016, in comparison to nine persons, including four civilians, three SF personnel and two Maoists, killed in 2015.

The surge in civilian fatalities, which doubled in 2016 as against 2015, is worrisome indeed. Worse, SFs appear to have been pushed on the back foot in the State. The Maoists continued to improve their kill ratio against SFs, at 1:1.66 in their favour, as against 1:1.5 archived in 2015.

The surge in Maoist-related violence in 2016 was substantially the result of three major incidents (each involving three or more fatalities), in which three civilians, 10 SF personnel and seven Maoists were killed, in comparison to no major incident registered in 2015. The most significantof these was recorded on July 18, 2016, when 10 COBRA commandos were killed and another five injured, in a CPI-Maoist orchestrated Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast and subsequent encounter in the Chakarbanda-Dumarinala forests of Aurangabad District. Three Maoists were also killed in the encounter.

The Aurangabad incident will go a long way in denting the morale of the SF personnel not just in Bihar but across all theatres of LWE conflict in India. The manner in which the Maoists planned and trapped the elite counter-insurgency personnel speaks volumes of the hold the ultras enjoy in the region , across Aurangabad, Gaya and Jamui, the epicentre of Maoist-violence in Bihar. Incidentally, according to SATP data, out of the total of 32 fatalities in the State in 2016, 29 (seven civilians, 13 SF personnel and nine Maoists) were reported from these three Districts alone.

In addition to incidents of killing, the Maoists in Bihar have also escalated other violent activities through 2016, including abduction (two reported incidents in which six persons were abducted), arson (10 incidents), bomb blasts (four occasions), attacks on railway property (three incidents), among others. During 2015, the Maoists were involved in three incidents of abduction in which three persons were abducted, and three incidents of arson. No incident of bomb blast or attack on railway property was recorded during 2015.

The Maoists also issued four bandh (shut down strike) calls on different issues in 2016, in comparison to five such calls in 2015. The Maoists had given three such calls in the State in 2014.

Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA) data confirms the spike in the Maoist-linked incidents in the State in 2016, with 129 Maoist-linked incidents recorded in 2016, as against 110 such incidents in 2015. A total of 163 such incidents were recorded in 2014. Similarly, there was a marginal spike in Maoists involved in attacking economic targets in 2016, with 10 such incidents, as compared to nine such attacks in 2015. A total of 31 such attacks were registered in 2014.

Disturbingly, out of the 38 Districts of the State, 22 Districts- Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhojpur, East Champaran, Gaya, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Rohtas, Sitamarhi, Sheohar, Vaishali and West Champaran –are among the 35 worst LWE- affected Districts identified by the UMHA across the country. According to SATP, Maoist activities were recorded in at least 17 Districts in 2016 as against 22 in 2015.

On March 14, 2017, Kundan Krishnan, Inspector General (IG, Operations), Bihar Police, admitted that there were challenges in carrying out operations in some part of Munger, Lakhisarai and Chakarbandha in Gaya; south GT road in Aurangabad and Gaya Districts, besides Charkapathar and Narganjo in Jamui, owing to the difficult terrain in these areas. He added, "Maoist violence has certainly shown a declining trend in the State. But four Bihar districts along the Jharkhand border, known for their difficult topography, namely, Aurangabad, Gaya, Lakhisarai and Jamui-still have pockets of left-wing extremist (LWE) activity."

Apart from CPI-Maoist, the TPC, also made its presence felt in the State. On January 3, 2016, TPC cadres assaulted two persons, identified as Ramvilas Ram and Ramdeep Ram in Aurangabad District. The fear of a TPC backlash is such that it forced the mukhiya (village head) Ramji Ram not to lodge a Police complaint even though the victims belonged to his family-70-year-old Ramvilas Ram (father) and Ramdeep Ram (brother). TPC cadres had demanded 20 per cent of the grant sanctioned by the Government for welfare schemes in Ramji's panchayat (village level local self government institution). The March 1, 2017, killing (mentioned above) of a civilian in Rohtas District was the latest TPC-related incident.  

Another, Maoist splinter, People's Liberation Front of India (PLFI), which also operates out of Jharkhand, has been active in Bihar. Additional Director General of Police (ADG, Headquarters), Sunil Kumar, noted, on March 9, 2016, "Looking at the increasing activities of the PLFI, the officials of both the States [Bihar and Jharkhand] have decided to share information. Earlier, PLFI was more active in Jharkhand. So, their input will be valuable for us."

Meanwhile, SFs arrested at least 104 LWEs in the State, including two 'area commanders,' two 'zonal commanders' and a 'supreme commander' of the Revolutionary Communist Centre (RCC), in addition to 153 arrests in 2015. Till March 19, 2017, another 11 LWEs had already been arrested in the current year.

SF personnel also recovered a huge amount of arms, ammunition and explosives in Bihar. On September 8, 2016, Police seized a huge consignment of explosives being smuggled from Jharkhand, in the Barachatti Police Station area in Gaya District. The recoveries included 10,350 detonators and 6,500 gelatin sticks. Further, on November 10, 2016, Police uncovered two mini gun factories and recovered a country-made revolver and a large number of arms-making hand-driven machines and barrels at Gorho village under Asarganj Police Station in Munger District.

Under the State's new surrender policy of 2013, in which the Bihar Government provides financial assistance, including up to INR 250,000 to top leaders who surrender; INR 10,000 as immediate assistance and INR 3,000 per month for rehabilitation, as well as rewards for each weapon surrendered, the State recorded the surrender of 24 LWEs in 2016, in addition to seven surrenders in 2015.

Unfortunately, Bihar Police continues to lag in terms of capacities to deal with the evolving challenges created by the Maoists. According to the latest Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) data, Bihar has 90.68 Police personnel per 100,000 populations, as against a sanction of 119.17, as on January 1, 2016, the worst ratio in the country, and far below the national average of 137.11. The Police/Area Ratio (number of policemen per 100 square kilometers) is 99.61, as against the sanctioned strength of 130.92. The State was found to be lagging in construction of fortified Police Stations, with 40 out of the sanctioned 45 yet to be constructed. By comparison, in neighbouring Jharkhand, out of 73 sanctioned fortified Police Stations, only two were yet to be completed; in Odisha, out of 52 sanctioned fortified Police Stations, 18 remained to be constructed; and in West Bengal, out of 17 fortified Police Stations, just one was yet to be completed. Moreover, 36 of 1,064 Police Stations are without any wireless sets. These are only a sampling of the enveloping deficits that afflict Police capacities in the State.

Significantly, on January 31, 2017, A.R.K. Kini, the Union Secretary (Security) in the Cabinet Secretariat, expressed concern over Bihar Police's failure to implement the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) project, despite the Centre bearing the entire cost of the project. The Centre has already provided INR 250 million out of the total INR 680 million earmarked to the State for this project.

The persistent lack of political sagacity across successive regimes in addressing these issues and deficits has bolstered the Maoists in the State at a time when they are suffering major reverses across most other theatres in the country. The Maoists have demonstrated tremendous resilience in very trying circumstances in the past, and the failure to deal consistently and effectively with them will create opportunities for their consolidation once again, giving them a base in Bihar to engineer a recovery in other parts of the country as well. There is, quite simply, no room for a divergent State approach on this issue, at a time when a nationally coordinated strategy appears to be making significant gains.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
March 13-19, 2017



Security Force Personnel





Islamist Terrorism


Left-wing Extremism






Jammu and Kashmir


Left-Wing Extremism









INDIA (Total)









Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


People's united efforts can enable nation to combat militancy and terrorism, says Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on March 17 said people's united efforts can enable the nation to combat militancy and terrorism. She called upon people, particularly the guardians, members of the law enforcement agencies and imams of mosques, to extend their support to the government to build Bangladesh as a peaceful nation. The Daily Star, March 18, 2017.  

Certain quarters hatching fresh conspiracies with view to turning Bangladesh into militant state, says Food Minister Qamrul Islam: Food Minister Qamrul Islam on March 14 has said that certain quarters are hatching fresh conspiracies with a view to turning Bangladesh into a militant state. He said "The country's economy is still strong despite the 2014 arson attacks carried out by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)-led alliance and a vested group is now plotting to destroy the achievements. Even the school-going children are being radicalized as they are given wrong explanation of Islam in a bid to make them militants." Dhaka Tribune, March 15, 2017.  


Number of Naxal-affected Districts reduced to 68, says Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh: Union Home Minister (UHM) Rajnath Singh told Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament) on March 17, in New Delhi that Naxal [Left Wing Extremism (LWE)]-affected Districts has seen a decline from 106 to 68. He said as of now 35 Districts are the most affected, spread across seven states like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Maharashtra. DNA, March 18, 2017.

400 terrorists active in Jammu and Kashmir, says Army review: A terror wave stares at SFs in Kashmir with a massive influx of Pakistani terrorists, and spiraling of local recruits pegging the number of armed radicals at 400 in the State, a three-fold increase following the killing of Burhan Wani in July 2016. A recent review done by the Army shows there are 250 local recruits and 150 Pakistani terrorists in Kashmir as of now. The increase from 91 locals and 60 Pakistanis respectively June (2016), a month before Wani, a local HM 'commander', was gunned down, has alarmed security agencies. DNA, March 18, 2017.

Indian Army lost 68 soldiers in 15 terror attacks in 2016, says report: There were 15 terror attacks on the Army in 2016 as the force lost 68 soldiers, the Lok Sabha (Lower House of Indian Parliament) was informed on March 17. The year 2016 also recorded 449 instances of ceasefire violations by Pakistan along the Line of Control (LoC) and International Border (IB) in Jammu and Kashmir combined. 10 cases of terror attacks were recorded in 2014, followed by 11 in 2015, 15 in 2016 and three until March 15, 2017. Hindustan Times , March 18, 2017.


Government taskforce verifies additional 3,830 individuals suffered in various ways from insurgency period: Government taskforce formed to verify more victims of the conflict has verified an additional 3,830 individuals who have suffered in various ways from the insurgency period. With this addition, the total number of conflict victims has now reached 139,711. They suffered in various ways at the hands of either the security forces or the Maoist rebels. Some of them lost family members and others incurred property losses. Likewise, some family members were abducted or involuntarily disappeared. My Republica, March 16, 2017.

Prime Minister inaugurates operation of 744 new local levels across country: Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal on March 14 inaugurated the operation of 744 new local levels across the country. According to the new structure, there are now four metropolitan cities, 13 sub-metropolitan cities, 246 municipalities and 481 village councils. All the local levels are to start their services from March 14 itself. Dahal said a new era of local level governance has started, addressing the function. Hindustan Times , March 15, 2017.


Government could not bring in foreign judicial officers under existing constitution, says Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera:Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera speaking at a press briefing in Colombo on March 16 said he Government could not bring in foreign judicial officers under the existing constitution. Samaraweera neither confirmed nor denied the inclusion of foreign judicial officers in the judicial process of the country. However, he pointed out that the inclusion of such officers were in fact just a recommendation made by the international community when drafting the resolution. "As a sovereign nation we are entitled to look at all options. We cannot bring in foreign judicial officers under the existing constitution, but we are exploring all our options," the Minister said. Daily Mirror, March 17, 2017.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

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