PAKISTAN:Sectarian Torments,INDIA: Bihar: Falsehood, Infirmity & Death :: South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR),Vol. No. 9.9
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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 9, No. 9, September 6, 2010

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South Asia Terrorism Portal



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Sectarian Torments
Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

Within a span of just three days, at least 111 persons were killed and 443 were injured in a series of five sectarian terrorist attacks across all the four Provinces of Pakistan – Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as North West Frontier Province).

The sectarian mayhem started on September 1, when at least 43 persons were killed and 239 were injured in two suicide and one grenade attacks on a Shia procession marking Hazrat Ali’s martyrdom, in Lahore, the Provincial Capital of Punjab. The procession was in its last stages and was about to end at Karbala Gamay Shah near Data Darbar, when the terrorists struck.

On the same day, at least seven persons, including a Police constable, sustained injuries when unidentified assailants in a building near Empress Market opened fire near a similar procession in Karachi, the Provincial Capital of Sindh.

On September 2, two civilians were killed and eight others injured when unidentified assailants opened fire on a passenger bus carrying Shia pilgrims in the Pidrak area near Turbat in Balochisatn.

The deadliest of these attacks occurred on September 3, when at least 65 persons were killed, and over 185 were injured, as a suicide bomber blew himself up amidst participants of a rally held to mark the Al-Quds Day (an annual event opposing Israel's control of Jerusalem) in the Mezan Chowk area of Quetta, the Provincial capital of Balochisatn. The Shia rally, organised by the Imamia Students’ Organisation to express solidarity with the Palestinians, started from Islam Imambargah, located on the Prince Road, soon after the Friday prayers. On the same day, another incident of sectarian violence occurred when one person was killed and four were injured in a suicide attack on a worship place of the Ahmedis in the Muslimabad area of Mardan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Significantly, while the first four attacks were against the Shias, the last one targeted the Ahmediyas.

Unsurprisingly, the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) and the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibilities for both the Quetta and Lahore attacks. Claiming the Quetta attack, a spokesman of the LeJ warned that the outfit would "carry out more attacks if Shias continue to take out processions and hold gatherings". The TTP, in a statement sent to BBC after the Lahore attack, declared, "It is the revenge of Maulana Ali Shair Haidree who was martyred by Shia extremists... More attacks on Shias everywhere have been forecast by the TTP." Armed men shot dead Maulana Ali Shair Haidree, chief of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), along with his associate Imtiaz Phulpoto at Khairpur in the Sindh Province on August 17, 2009.

More worryingly, both these groups have clearly come together, each for its own reasons. While the LeJ wants to execute Shias and other ‘infidels’, the TTP is aiming to extend its intimidatory network wider in the terror engulfed nation. Reports indicate that both the Quetta and Lahore attacks were planned by the LeJ, but executed by the TTP. Significantly, after the Quetta suicide attack on September 3, the ‘chief’ of TTP’s suicide wing, Qari Hussain, claimed that the attacks had been carried out by TTP suicide bombers.

As has happened in the past, the state has bowed before the militant’s threat, with Interior Minister Rehman Malik, on September 2, asking the Shia community not to hold mourning processions in public places in order to avoid more suicide attacks. "How can Police provide security to a gathering of 15,000 people? I request the Shia community to cut short their programmes because they are soft target of terrorists," the Minister urged.

However, Lahore Commissioner of Police Khusro Pervez, on September 1, acknowledged before the media that Police negligence was one of the main reasons behind the explosions and the subsequent violence in Lahore. This is more obvious taking in view of the fact that intelligence agencies had forwarded reports that the TTP, the Jandullah and other banned local militant outfits planned to target foreigners, embassies, Shia clerics and Imambargahs in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Okara and Karachi during the last 10 days of Ramadan (the holy month of fasting for Muslims). [Ramadan began on August 12]. The reports had suggested that the law enforcement agencies, Police and civil society members should coordinate and share information and enhance security on the 21st Day of Ramadan, the day of martyrdom of Hazrat Ali, Juma-tul-Wida (Last Friday of Ramadan), Al Quds Day, busy markets and Eid.

Instead of providing more security following the intelligence reports, the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) Police, on August 22, left the security of mosques at the disposal of mosque committees, entirely exposing the faithful to the risk of terrorism during Ramadan. Significantly, the Ministry of Interior had sent a specific report to the ICT administration and Federal Police warning of possible terror attacks at some places in Islamabad.

It was, consequently, the abject and inexplicable failure of authorities in Pakistan to provide even minimal security to Shia mosques and processions that has dramatically pushed up fatalities in sectarian violence. According to the South Asian Terrorism Portal (SATP) database, 190 persons were killed in 2009, and another 398 were injured in 106 incidents of sectarian violence. The first eight months of 2010 have already witnessed a total of 429 killed and 1,049 injured in just 42 incidents, further demonstrating the increasing lethality of attacks this year. Since 1989, Pakistan has witnessed at least 2,523 incidents of sectarian violence in which 3,395 persons lost their lives, while another 7,282 persons sustained injuries (this data is based on open source monitoring, and can be expected to under-estimate actual casualties).

Some of the major (involving three or more than three killings) sectarian attacks in 2010 include:

July 1: At least 40 persons were killed and 175 were injured, when three suicide attackers blew themselves up inside the shrine of Lahore’s patron saint Syed Ali Hajwairi popularly known as Data Gunj Bakhsh.

May 28: At least 95 worshippers were killed and 92 injured as seven assailants, including three suicide bombers, attacked an Ahmadiya place of worship in Model Town and Garhi Shahu areas of Lahore in Punjab.

April 19: At least 26 people, including a child and Police officials, were killed, and 49 were injured, in twin bombings hours apart at a school and a crowded market in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). Police suspect the bombers mainly targeted Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Gulfat Hussain because he belonged to the Shia sect. The DSP was among the dead.

April 17: Two burqa (veil)-clad suicide bombers targeted a crowd of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), mostly Shias, waiting to get themselves registered and receive relief goods at the Kacha Pakka IDP camp on the outskirts of Kohat in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, killing at least 44 persons and injuring more than 70.

The sectarian strife has afflicted Pakistan virtually from the moment of its birth, but has escalated continuously since 1979, with the former President General Zia ul-Haq’s ‘Islamicisation’ of Pakistani politics. Shias resisted this process as a ‘Sunnification’ of Pakistan, since most of the laws and regulations introduced were based on Sunni Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence). Notably, in July 1980, 25,000 Shias gathered in Islamabad to protest the Islamicisation laws. However, the more the Shias protested, the more were they targeted, and the strife widened. Under Zia, sectarianism in Pakistan, especially in Karachi and South Punjab, became quite violent. The violence worsened after September 11, 2001, and the expulsion of the Taliban from Afghanistan, leading then President Pervez Musharraf to ban some 104 terrorist and religio-extremist groups, including the LeJ and SSP.

The LeJ and the SSP remain the principal organisations responsible for the rise of sectarian strife in the country. Though both these outfits maintain that they are not organisationally linked, they share the same origins, sectarian belief system and worldview. Their charter of demands includes turning Pakistan into a Sunni State, and both draw their cadres from the same madrassas (seminaries) and social milieu.

Despite being under relentless pressure from these groups, and with the TTP joining hands with them, the Government has chosen to remain unresponsive; indeed, the abrupt withdrawal of security to Shia institutions prior to the latest wave of bombings, despite specific intelligence warnings suggest, possibly collusive.

Reports indicate that Pakistani courts are yet to convict a single person in any of the country’s major terrorist attacks in the past three years. Instead, the Government is contemplating the release of as many as 390 suspects, detained on charges of having links with banned militant groups like SSP, LeJ and others. Officials of the Home Department, Punjab Police and Prisons Department confirmed the "gradual release" of detainees over the coming days, as not a single case had been registered against any one of them. This, despite the fact that an intelligence agency report to the Federal Government reveals that an escalation of sectarian violence could not be ruled out after release of these suspects in large numbers.

In the earlier years, sectarian violence had escalated through the month of Ramadan. However, with the devastating flood engulfing almost a fifth of the country, resulting in more than 1,645 deaths and affecting the lives of over three million people, the early days of Ramadan had remained quite peaceful. With the waters receding, however, the extremists, ‘aided’ by an ineffective and callous Government, are on the rampage again, belying any hopes of a peaceful Ramadan and demonstrating the deep roots that sectarian hatred and violence has established in Pakistan.

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Bihar: Falsehood, Infirmity & Death
Ajai Sahni
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute for Conflict Management

"We will saturate the Naxal-prone areas with development", Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had grandly intoned in November 2009, outlining his ‘strategy’ to neutralize the Maoist insurgency, his head entirely wrapped up in clouds. Rejecting the Centre’s declared policy of dealing with the Maoists with a firm hand in ‘massive and coordinated operations’, and the proposal for a Unified Command (themselves poorly conceived, entirely under-resourced and far from successful initiatives), Kumar argued, that "enforcement action alone" would only lead to "wider alienation" and make "heroes out of the leaders of the extremist organisations... leading to only symptomatic treatment, leaving the underlying disease to reappear in more virulent form."

The ‘symptoms’ that Kumar chooses to wilfully ignore have, however, now delivered a resounding slap in the face to his Government, brought his administration to its knees, even as more lives among the State’s beleaguered and directionless Security Forces (SFs) have been wasted to blind stupidity.

On August 29, 2010, at least seven SF personnel were killed, and another seven injured, in a ‘combing operation’ gone wrong, when they were attacked by cadres of the Communist Party of India – Maoist (CPI-Maoist), their numbers variously estimated at between 300 and a thousand, in the Kajra Police Station area of Lakhisarai District. ‘Intelligence reports’ had indicated ‘Maoist presence’ in the forest, but had omitted any assessment of Maoist strength in the area, leading the Bihar Police ‘search teams’ into a lethal trap – a pattern repeated in almost every major massacre of SF personnel by the Maoists in recent years.

The matter did not end there. The Maoists abducted four Policemen – Sub Inspectors Rupesh Kumar and Abhay Yadav, Assistant Sub Inspector (ASI) Lucas Tete, and Havildar Ehtesham Khan – after the encounter and ratcheted up the stakes by demanding the release of eight prominent Maoists in Bihar’s jails: Jai Paswan, Vijay Chourasia, Prem Bhuian, Pramod Barnawal, Ramvilas Tanti, Ramesh Tirki, Arjun Koda and Rattu Koda.

The Maoists then executed Lucas Tete in the night of September 2, after two ‘deadlines’ given by them had passed without response from the Government – beyond appeals for the release of the abducted Policemen – and warned that the remaining hostages would also be killed unless their comrades were released. On September 6, however, the three surviving Policemen were released after Chief Minister Kumar had announced safe passage for the Maoists out of the area in which they had been substantially contained by augmented Forces.

It is significant that the decision to release the remaining Policemen came after the heavy redeployment of a combination of Forces – Bihar Military Police (BMP), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Special Task Force (STF) and the Special Action Force (SAF) – from four adjoining Districts in combing operations, and the virtual sealing off of the Maoists’ escape routes. The seething anger in the SFs suggested the possibility of sweeping vendetta killings – an outcome that the Maoists were apparently eager to escape.

Nitish Kumar has attempted to extract victory out of this present disgrace, and has emphasised that "no deal was struck with the Naxals". He concedes, nevertheless, that "there is no guarantee that such incidents will not be repeated."

Kumar has been posturing and mouthing hackneyed nonsense about the Maoists being "part of our society" and that they had been "misled into violence", for years now, even as he has presided over perhaps the most anarchic State in India. A degree of optimism had certainly asserted itself during the first years after Kumar took over as Chief Minister in November 2005, but the natural torpor of governance in Bihar appears to have reasserted itself since. In the interim, his Government has projected itself as conciliatory towards, and has been seen as weak by, the Maoists, who increasingly use Bihar as a favoured safe haven from the relatively worsening operational environments in the neighbouring States, particularly of West Bengal and Jharkhand (though elements from Chhattisgarh have also found safety there).

It is significant that the Naxalites have orchestrated at least 13 significant incidents of abduction since the formation of the CPI-Maoist in September 2004, and before the August 29 incident. At least three of these have ended in the death of hostages:

June 17-19, 2009: CPI-Maoist cadres, who had abducted two personnel of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force (CAF), Ram Bhuwan Patel and Dhanjay Verma, from a hilly stretch in Bijapur District, Chhattisgarh, on June 17, killed them and dumped the bodies on a roadside in a forested area. Police said the victims' throats were slit with sharp edged weapons.

September 30, 2009: Six CPI-Maoist cadres abducted Police Inspector (Special Branch) Francis Induwar, posted in the Khunti District, Jharkhand. On October 3, the Maoists demanded the release of their senior leaders Kobad Ghandy, Chhatradhar Mahto and Chandra Bhushan Yadav. On October 6, the Jharkhand Police found the decapitated dead body of Francis Induwar on the Jamshedpur-Ranchi Highway, with a note from the Maoists saying that they could expect more of the same treatment if their demands were not met.

June 19, 2008: Three Special Police Officers (SPOs) were killed by the CPI-Maoist in the Banda Police Station limits of Dantewada District, Chhattisgarh. The SPOs had been abducted along with five Policemen following an encounter in the forests, seven kilometers away from Konta town, on June 18. The SPOs were taken to a Maoist camp in the forests blind-folded where they were asked to distance themselves from the Salwa Judum and the Police. Five of them were then let off and three others – Gopal, Bhadru and Lakshmaiah, were shot dead and their bodies abandoned near Banda village.

In two of the 13 incidents, the release came after Maoist demands were conceded. In the remaining eight, the abducted persons were released after various durations in captivity. None of the preceding incidents occurred in Bihar.

Nevertheless, Bihar has seen a steady worsening of Maoist-related violence over the past five years, after an earlier peak in 2005, when a total of 106 persons (25 civilians, 29 SF personnel and 52 Maoists) were killed. Total fatalities have, since, climbed from 40 in 2006, to 49 in 2007; 71 in 2008; 78 in 2009; and 53 in 2010 (till September 5, 2010). Crucially, the ratios of civilian and SF to Maoist fatalities have been adverse in every year after 2005, clearly demonstrating the loss of initiative that has resulted from the Nitish Kumar Government’s declared policy position, and the rising threat to civilian lives and property.

Bihar is among India’s poorest States, and it takes an extraordinary capacity for delusion to believe that the cumulative developmental deficits and the sheer enormity of the population under poverty can quickly be transformed by any ‘strategy’ to ‘saturate’ affected areas with ‘development’, even if the most extraordinarily well oiled machinery of governance was in place. In Bihar, administration is a disaster and a national joke. Nevertheless, such fantasies continue to secure political endorsement, even as fundamental tasks of providing a modicum of security to life and property are comprehensively ignored.

In a remark that is both extraordinarily callous and obtuse, Nitish Kumar reportedly declared "All’s well that ends well", after the release of the three surviving hostages.

All has certainly not ended well for the seven Policemen killed in the encounter on August 29, and for their families; or for ASI Lucas Tete and his family.

Crucially, nothing has ended in Bihar: the Maoist rampage continues; the infirmity and ambivalence of the state and its agencies persists; endemic poverty and backwardness remain unchanged; administrative incompetence and corruption has not migrated out of the State. Yet, Kumar is, once again, mouthing fantastical nonsense about the Maoists ‘joining the national mainstream’ by participating in the coming State Assembly elections. Such a depth of incomprehension, or, perhaps more accurately, of falsification, can only bring more death.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
August 30 - September 5, 2010



Security Force Personnel





Left Wing Extremism






Jammu and Kashmir




Left-wing Extremism


Andhra pradesh








West Bengal


Total (INDIA)








Khyber Pakhtunkhwa







Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


Arrest of JeI chief Ghulam Azam depends on tribunal, says Law Minister: The arrest warrant against former Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) Ameer (Chief) Ghulam Azam will be issued in time if the International Crimes Tribunal decides in this regard, said State Minister for Law Qamrul Islam on September 3. Daily Star, September 4, 2010.

Law and order appears good now, says Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on August 30 said the law and order appears good now and actions are being taken immediately after any occurrence. Daily Star, August 31, 2010.


Australia warns of possible terror attacks in India: In a fresh advisory to its citizens, Australia on August 31 warned of possible terrorist attacks in public places in India, especially in New Delhi and Mumbai, and asked  them  not to travel to Jammu and Kashmir due to "frequent armed clashes and terrorist activities" there. Indian Express, September 1, 2010.

Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram for talks with "any group" from Kashmir valley: Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram on September 1 said that Government is willing to hold talks with "any group" from the Kashmir valley wishing to come forward amid indications that it would be soon coming out with a series of measures to address the issue.

Meanwhile, the All Party Hurriyat Conference-Geelani (APHC-G) leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani on August 31 said the ongoing protests could be reviewed and a dialogue with the Centre initiated if it fulfils five preconditions.

Chief Minister Omar Abdullah on August 29 said the Union Government was actively working for a political solution to Jammu and Kashmir-centric issues and expressed the hope the problem would be solved amicably before long. Daily Excelsior; The Hindu, August 30-September 2, 2010.

Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram for ULFA’s formal offer for talks: Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram on September 1 reiterated that he always hoped that United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) will make a formal offer for talks. Assam Tribune, September 2, 2010.

PCPA to contest West Bengal assembly polls in 2011: The People’s Committee against Police Atrocities (PCPA), a Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) frontal organisation, on August 30 announced its decision to contest the 2011 West Bengal Assembly elections. DNA India, August 31, 2010.

Meghalaya Government to hold Peace talks with ANVC: Meghalaya Government would go for peace talks with the Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)State Chief Secretary W.M.S. Pariat on August 30 said, "We are trying to expedite the entire talk process." Shillong Times, August 31, 2010.

HNLC borrows arms from other militant groups in Meghalaya, says Special Branch ADGP S.K. Jain: The Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) is borrowing arms from other militant groups and pay in return after doing the "job" (extortion) with the "instrument". Shillong Times, August 30, 2010.


Sixth bid to elect new PM collapses: The sixth consecutive bid to elect a new Prime Minister (PM) ended without making headway on September 5. In the sixth round of elections held at the Constituent Assembly (CA) hall in Nayabaneshwor of Kathmandu, Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda and Nepali Congress (NC) Parliamentary Party leader Ram Chandra Poudel—could not secure the required 301 votes in the 601-member parliament. Meanwhile, a meeting of the Parliamentary Business Advisory Committee (BAC) decided to hold the seventh round of PM elections on September 7. Kantipur online, September 6, 2010.

UCPN-M chairman Prachanda faces fresh flak inside party: Central Committee (CC) members of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) lambasted the working style of party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda on August 30, mainly his monopoly in decision making. Kantipur online, August 31, 2010.


115 militants and 11 civilians among 127 persons killed during the week in FATA: US drone missiles killed eight militants and injured 12 others in a village near Miranshah, the main town in North Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Pakistani officials said on September 4. In addition, eight militants were killed when their vehicle hit a bomb detonated by remote control in the Spaircate area of Kurram Agency. Also, Security Forces (SFs) destroyed three militant hideouts in Chinarak, killing six militants and injuring 10 others.

Two US drone strikes on September 3 killed at least 10 militants, including some foreign militants, in North Waziristan Agency.

At least 15 Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militants were killed and 10 others injured as jet fighters and gunship helicopters bombed their hideouts in Kurram and Orakzai Agencies on September 1.

SFs killed more than 40 militants in shelling in different areas of the Tirah valley in Khyber Agency on August 31. Four persons, including three locals, were killed when militants attacked a house in Chinarak area of Kurram Agency. In addition, TTP attacked tribal elder Inzar Gul’s house in Dogar area of Orakzai Agency, killing his wife, two sons and abducted another son.

Five Lashkar-e-Islam (LI) militants were killed and three SFs sustained injuries during an operation in the Kalakhel area of Bara tehsil (revenue unit) in the Khyber Agency on August 30. Dawn; Daily Times; The News, August 31- September 6, 2010.

72 civilians and three SFs among 76 persons killed during the week in Balochistan: At least 65persons were killed while over 185 injured on September 3 after a suicide bomber blew himself up amidst participants of a rally held to mark the Al-Quds Day in Quetta. Calling from an undisclosed location, a spokesman of the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) claimed responsibility for the attack and warned that the outfit would "carry out more attacks if Shias continue to take out processions and hold gatherings". Separately, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for attacks on processions in Quetta and Lahore over the past three days. Dawn; Daily Times; The News, August 31- September 6, 2010.

43 civilians and two militants among 45 persons killed during the week in Punjab: 43 persons were killed and another 230 injured in two suicide attacks and one grenade attack on a Shia procession marking Hazrat Ali’s martyrdom in Lahore on September 1. The Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) claimed responsibility for the attacks that occurred minutes apart in Bhaati Gate locality of Lahore. Dawn; Daily Times; The News, August 31- September 6, 2010.

Terrorists stoking sectarian rift, says Interior Minister Rehman Malik: Pro- Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) terrorists are trying to create sectarian rift, Interior Minister Rehman Malik said on September 4, as a new wave of violence piled pressure on a Government already struggling with a flood crisis. Daily Times, September 5, 2010.

TTP plans to target important personalities on Eid festival, says intelligence agencies: Militants affiliated with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) led by Hakimullah Mahsud reportedly planned to target prominent politicians and important personalities during Eid ul Fitr and at Eid Milan parties, official sources said on September 5. The News, September 4, 2010.

Floods delaying military operation in North Waziristan, says US Defense Secretary Robert Gates: US Defense Secretary Robert Gates on September 3 said that the Pakistan military’s planned military operation in North Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) might be delayed due to the devastating floods in Pakistan. Daily Times, September 4, 2010.

More aid needed to avert terrorists’ exploitation, says Ambassador to US Hussain Haqqani: The Ambassador to the United States (US) Hussain Haqqani on September 1 warned that terrorist will exploit the aftermath of devastating floods unless the international community moves quickly to help Pakistan.

Jama’at-ud-Da’awa (JuD) is reportedly trying to take advantage of the large-scale misery caused by the devastating floods in Pakistan by attempting to enlist 50,000 new fighters for the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). Times of India; Daily Times, September 1-2, 2010.


President Mahinda Rajapakse defends Constitutional amendments: Amid growing criticism from the opposition and sections of the media, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse on September 3 defended the decision of his Government to amend the Constitution. The Hindu, September 4, 2010.

Opposition leader Ranil Wickremesinghe for cooperation in settlement of Tamil issue: The former Sri Lankan Prime Minister and leader of the Opposition Ranil Wickremesinghe on September 3 said that the United National Party will cooperate with all stakeholders in the efforts to find a political solution to the Tamil issue." The Hindu, September 4, 2010.

LTTE human-smuggling ring preparing to smuggle another shipload of Tamils who have left Sri Lanka to be sent to Canada: An investigative report by Canadian newspaper Globe and Mail revealed on August 30 that an alleged Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) human-smuggling ring is preparing to smuggle another shipload of Tamils who have left Sri Lanka to be sent to Canada. The Globe and Mail, August 30, 2010.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

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