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Left-wing Extremist group

Maoist Communist Centre (MCC)

1. Formation

The outfit came into existence, in its earlier version, on October 20, 1969, as Dakshin Desh. When the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) was formed with the merger of several Maoist groups in 1969, one left-wing extremist group, Dakshin Desh, did not join and decided to retain its independent identity. In 1975, the outfit was renamed as the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC).

2. Objectives

Like other left wing extremist groups, the purported objective of the MCC is to establish a ‘people’s government’ through ‘people’s war’. It traces its ideology to the Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse Tung’s dictum of organised peasant insurrection.

3. Leadership and Command Structure

Amulya Sen and Kanhai Chaterjee were the leaders of the Dakshin Desh. After the death of Kanhai Chaterjee in 1982, factional differences surfaced within the outfit. A new leader, Shivenji, entered into a dispute with his deputy Ramadhar Singh, ostensibly over the issue of individual annihilation. In the days that followed, the latter broke ranks with the MCC and joined the CPI-ML. In the second half of the 1980s Pramod Mishra and Sanjay Dusadh emerged as the most formidable leaders of the MCC.

The MCC consists of an underground party unit — Krantikari Kisan Committee (KKC), the Red Defense Corps and the Youth and Women Fronts. The General Secretary is the top functionary of the organisation. He also heads the Central Committee, the top decision making body of the outfit. Apart from that, there are Zonal Committees, Sub-zonal committees, Regional committees and Village committees. The outfit also has a military wing. It has an estimated 50 squads each consisting of some 20 cadres. The MCC has also formed several front organisations, including the Naujawan Pratirodh Sangharsh Manch, Krantikari Budhijivi Sangh, Krantikari Sanskritik Sangh, Krantikari Chhatra League, Communist Yuva League, Naari Mukti Sangh and Mazdoor Mukti Sangh.

4. Area of Operation

In its early years, Dakshin Desh was active mainly in the Jangal Mahal Area of Burdwan district, West Bengal. Sunderbans, 24 Parganas, Hooghly and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

At present the MCC has a presence in Bihar, Orissa (Sundargarh, Keonjhar) and Jharkhand. In Bihar, the MCC is primarily active in Gaya, Aurangabad, Camoor (Bhabhua), Rohtas, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Bettiah and Sitamarhi districts. In the newly created State of Jharkhand, the group is active in Chatra, Daltangonj, Hazaribagh, Palamu, Giridih, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ranchi, Garhwa, Lohardaga, Gumla, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Latehar districts.

The MCC is also trying to expand its activities in Burdwan, Nadia, and Howrah and North 24-Pargana districts of West Bengal. In Uttar Pradesh, the MCC has been making fervent attempts to gain a foothold in Mirzapur, Chandauli and Sonbhadra districts.

5. External Linkages

The MCC maintains close relationship with the Maoist insurgents in Nepal. On July 1, 2001, Nine Naxal outfits of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka joined hands to form an umbrella organisation, the Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisations (CCOMPOSA) with a purpose to unify and coordinate the activities of the Maoist Parties and organisations in South Asia. It is believed that the MCC along with the PWG and the Maoist insurgents in Nepal has been instrumental in the formation of the CCOMPOSA for a greater cooperation and understanding among the Naxalite groups of India and Nepal. Recently, the MCC, mainly active in Central Bihar and Jharkhand, has been active in North Bihar areas bordering Nepal. It is suspected that the MCC has moved to the North Bihar region to get closer to the Maoists in Nepal and to facilitate the exchange of men and material.

Also, the MCC has acquired the technology for manufacturing and implanting landmines from the People’s War Group (PWG), which had picked up the techniques from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) of Sri Lanka.

6. Major Incidents


  • December 9: The CPI-Maoist killed two villagers by slitting their throats in Langalkata village, under K. Balang Police station in Sundargarh District in Odisha. According to sources in Rourkela Police, about 200 armed Maoists barged into the village in the wee hours and abducted six villagers at gun point. All the hostages were taken to a nearby school building where villagers had reportedly a heated exchange of words. Subsequently, four villagers were let off while two were killed. The two victims were identified as Anup Singh and Bisra Singh, whom the Maoists suspected to be Police informers. The Maoists and the cadres of erstwhile MCC threw the bodies along with a few posters warning the villagers not to support the Police.


  • December 22-23: The CPI-Maoist cadres killed two villagers and set ablaze machines of a road construction company in two separate incidents in the evening of December 22 in Bihar, Police said on December 23. In the first incident in Atari region of Gaya District, armed Maoists, looking for a deserter, fired indiscriminately at a house that they suspected to be his hideout. Two villagers were killed in the firing, but they had nothing to do with the Maoists. "As soon as we received the information, we reached the spot with the Police force. We searched for the rebels but they had fled," said Nand Kishore, Assistant Sub Inspector. Elsewhere in the District, the Maoists set ablaze machines of a construction company at Gurua, including two JCB machines, a tractor and a motorcycle, whose owner had reportedly refused ransom. A Maoist outfit named Shastra People’s Morcha (SPM - Armed People’s Front) claimed responsibility, said a Police official. "This is the first violent activity carried by SPM (Shastra People’s Morcha) in Gurua. Outfits like MCC (Maoist Communist Centre) have carried out violent activities here earlier but it is for the first time that we have recorded a militant activity by SPM," said Rup Narayan Ram, Police Officer in-charge, Gurua.

  • November 10-11: Nearly a dozen heavily armed cadres of the Revolutionary Communist Centre (RCC) late in the night of November 10 raided village Pipra under Dumaria Police station of Gaya District of Bihar and set ablaze a road construction machine being used in the ongoing construction of a road linking Dumaria with the divisional headquarters. The RCC is a splinter group of the former Maoist Communist Centre (MCC). Construction activity consequently remained suspended on November 11 in view of the attack. Confirming the incident, the Sherghati Sub Divisional Police Officer Ranjan Kumar said that only partial damage has been caused to the road construction machine.

  • November 17: An armed squad of the CPI-Maoist shot dead one of their fellow cadres after calling him out from his home at Barudih village in the Nimdih block of Seraikela-Kharsawan District of Jharkhand. Sources said at 1.30am, about 12 Maoists turned up at 35-year old Shivraj Singh Sardar’s house and called him outside. Subsequently, two Maoists opened fire at him before escaping into nearby forests. Sardar is reported to have died on the spot. According to sources, Shivraj Singh Sardar was killed because of a dispute over levy collection. The Seraikela-Kharsawan District Superintendent of Police (SP), Abhishek, said the killing was carried out by the CPI-Maoist ‘area commander’ Arup Mochi’s squad that is active in Dalma, Patamda and Nimdih. "It is the same squad that had killed Naxalite leader and former MCC [Maoist Communist Centre] area commander Bhola Singh Sardar," the SP said. A case against Mochi and others has been filed.

  • July 28: Suspected CPI-Maoist cadres set ablaze the house of a farmer, Amiruddin Ansari, at Hriday Toli village under the Kisko Police station in the Lohardaga District of Jharkhand at around 4am (IST). Villagers, however, doused the fire which gutted fodder kept in two rooms of the house. "No one saw who set the house on fire. But we have reasons to suspect MCC's hand in the incident," Amiruddin said. He said that about 15 days ago, the Maoist Communist Centre had sent him a letter demanding a sum of INR 2 lakh and five SIM cards. Besides, the extremists also sought a monthly payment of INR 5000. He also received several threat calls from a number 9504097082. The caller even inquired about his son’s Naushad Hussain's arrival. He said that his son, who is in Army, had recently come home on leave. Amiruddin said that the caller had asked him to deposit the levy and the SIM cards in the village school. The caller had also informed him about two fellow villagers who make a monthly payment of INR 5000 to the outfit through the school. Kisko police station in-charge Sunil Kumar Tiwari, however, said Police is scanning the contents of the letter, adding, "It seems that the letter has been issued either by some enemies of Amiruddin or by the local criminals."

  • June 28: Two cadres of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), identified as Chenari Yadav and Kailash Yadav, were arrested from Jogia village in Gaya District of Bihar.

  • February 11: Three cadres of the former MCC, presently known as CPI-Maoist, identified as Vyas Kahar, Naresh Paswan and Yugal Mochi, were sentenced to death while three others, identified as Tyagi Mahto, Vijay Yadav and Madhusudan Sharma, were acquitted by a TADA court in Gaya for the massacre of 35 persons at Bara village in the Gaya District of Bihar. The MCC's armed cadres brought the 35 persons of Bara village to the bank of a nearby canal, tied their hands and slit their throats on February 12, 1992. Earlier on 2001, a TADA court had sentenced four MCC cadres to death in the same case.


  • December 7: Unidentified assailants killed Ganouri Turi (30) at Khuddisar village under Dumri Police station in the Giridih District of Jharkhand. Police sources said Ganouri was earlier associated with the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) as an ‘area commander’ and was commanding the Western Dumri region.

  • October 29: The Sundergarh District police arrested three left-wing extremists, believed to be connected with the Jharkhand Badshah group. The extremists were holding a meeting inside the house of a civilian at Jampani village under Theteidang police station along the Orissa-Jharkhand border. Two of their colleagues, however, managed to escape. The arrested extremists include Bisu Bhagat and Lugei Soreng. Police sources said that the Jharkhand Badshah is a breakaway faction of the MCC and is mainly involved with extortion and looting. Its members were involved in a spate of crimes like the murder of the son of businessman Basu Jaiswal, looting of his brother’s shop, attack on a missionary and others.

  • September 2: Police arrested Bitni alias Nirmala, a woman cadre of the MCC, in the Sonebhadra District of Uttar Pradesh. Sonebhadra Superintendent of Police Ramkumar said, "We received information about the movement of a Maoist group and laid a trap. About a dozen Maoists fled but the woman wing commander was arrested on Tuesday night." Bitni’s husband Ramvrikhsa Kol is an ‘area commander’ of the outfit. Nirmala carried a cash reward of INR 25000 and was wanted in connection with over 20 criminal cases.

  • August 17: Orissa Police arrested six suspected MCC cadres, including two group leaders, from Rourkela in the Sundergarh District of Orissa. Acting on a tip off, police arrested four suspected Maoists when they were negotiating a ransom payment with a prominent businessman of Sundergarh District in a temple at the civil township area of Rourkela city. Following their interrogation, two Maoist group leaders, identified as Om Ahya alias Raju of Singhbhum in Jharkhand and Rohit Das of Keonjhar District in Orissa, were arrested near the railway station. The Maoists had earlier collected a token amount of INR 100,000 from the businessman. Four bombs, some explosives, two country-made pistols, four rounds of ammunition, two jeeps, some cash and five mobile phones were seized from the arrested Maoists. Police sources said that the arrested Maoists were operating since 2003 in the Keonjhar, Badbil and Sundergarh areas, extorting money from businessmen, contractors and stone crusher owners.

  • June 23: One trader, Mohan Jaiswal, was killed by suspected Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) cadres at Raibaga near Biramitrapur in the Sundargarh District of Orissa. Jaiswal was also an activist of the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD) Party.


  • July 11: Sobha alias Budhuni Munda, women’s wing chief of the erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), was re-arrested by the Jharkhand Police immediately after her release from the Rourkela special jail along with her two associates, Panjya alias Bijaya Tudu and Ranjan alias Rahul Munda. Earlier, the additional District judge (fast track), acting on the orders of the Orissa High Court, had released them. The Jharkhand police said that the three were re-arrested for various criminal cases pending against them in different police stations in Jharkhand.


  • October 16: A MCC cadre was arrested while planting an explosive on the railway tracks near Karbandia railway station in the Rohtas District of Bihar on the Gaya-Mughalsarai section of East Central Railway.

  • October 12: Pappu Bind, a criminal of Bihar linked to the MCC, was killed near the railway track in the Lahartara area under the Sigra police station in Varanasi of Uttar Pradesh. An accomplice of the killed Maoist, however, managed to escape.

  • June 22: CPI-Maoist kills five unidentified cadres of its splinter outfit, Maoist Communist Centre (MCC-TC), in a factional clash at Bhuiandih village in the Chatra District of Jharkhand.


  • July 29: A group of 60 armed cadres of the MCC kill a civilian at Kaima village in the Latehar district of Jharkhand.

  • July 18: MCC cadres kill a resident of Ambatola village in the Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.

  • July 12: MCC cadres kill Parmeswar Pathak, a senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader, at Sarhari village in the Sarguja district of Chhattisgarh.

  • July 10: MCC cadres kill two persons near Kharira village in the Gaya district of Bihar.

  • June 30: MCC cadres kill two private security guards of a stone crushing company at Chahawan village in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh.

  • June 22: Six Jharkhand Armed Police personnel, including an Assistant Sub-Inspector, are killed in a landmine explosion triggered by suspected MCC Naxalites near Rania in the Ranchi district of Jharkhand.
  • April 29: The United States adds Maoist Communist Centre and the PWG in its Terrorist Exclusion List.

  • April 26: A group of around 100 MCC Naxalites kill two police personnel at Simra police station in the Aurangabad district of Bihar.

  • April 26: MCC cadres kill two police personnel near Jori village in the Gumla district of Jharkhand.

  • April 20: Naxalites of the outlawed MCC kill a Patrolling Magistrate, identified as Ajay Kumar Sinha, during a landmine blast in the Dhanbad district of Jharkhand.

  • April 7: 26 police personnel are killed during a landmine blast triggered by the MCC at Saranda forests in the Chaibasa area of Jharkhand.


  • December 31: Police arrest six suspected MCC informers during a combing operation from the Burmu and Chanho areas in Ranchi district of Jharkhand.

  • December 25: Four police personnel are killed and three more sustain injuries in an MCC ambush at Pithoria in Jharkhand's Ranchi district.

  • December 5: MCC Naxalites demand Rupees 7crore from the management of the SAIL-owned Meghahatuburu mine in Jharkhand's West Singhbhum district.

  • November 23: Bihar Government orders a crackdown on all Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) with links to the left-wing extremists outfits-Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) and People's War Group (PWG) in the State.

  • November 18: Six MCC cadres, including a 'sub-zonal commander', are killed during an encounter with the security forces at Banaru forests in the Chatra district of Jharkhand.

  • November 12: Approximately, 300 MCC Naxalites attack a police patrol party near Rerha village in West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.

  • October 14: Naxalites of the MCC kill one person and injure four police personnel at Demotar in the Hazaribag district of Jharkhand.

  • October 11: MCC Naxalites kill a police officer and injure four others with a powerful landmine near Katajhora in the Purulia district on the West Bengal-Jharkhand border while they were on patrol.

  • September 12: Two Naxalites of the MCC, including an 'area commander', are killed in an encounter at Sijang under the Palkot police station-limits, Gumla district. Another Naxalite is killed in an encounter at Chhotka Khantga in the same district.

  • September 13: Jharkhand Police arrests an 'area commander' of the MCC near Konar dam in the Giridih district.

  • September 11: Two MCC Naxalites, including an 'area commander', are killed in an encounter at Sijang under the Palkot police station-limits in the Gumla district of Jharkhand. Another Naxalite is killed in an encounter at Chhotka Khantga in the same district.

  • September 8: 11 police personnel and a civilian are killed in a landmine blast triggered by the PWG and the MCC, in a joint operation, in the dense forests of Kaimur range in the Rohtas district of Bihar.

  • September 4: MCC Naxalites kill two persons in Tundahuli village under the Ormanjhi police station-limits in the Ranchi district of Jharkhand. Separately, MCC Naxalites abduct and later kill two persons in Serak village under the Chandwa police station-limits in Latehar district.

  • August 24: Jharkhand Police raids a place under the Bhandari police station-limits in Garhwa district and arrests four MCC Naxalites.

  • August 22: An MCC 'area commander' is killed during an encounter near Chouki village under the Ramanujganj police station-limits in Sarguja revenue district of Chhattisgarh. In Jharkhand, MCC Naxalites kill two persons and critically injure one of the same family in Kangar village under the Raidih police station-limits in Gumla district.

  • August 21: MCC Naxalites kill two civilians in the Veeru village of Simdega district in Jharkhand.

  • August 10: Naxalites of the MCC kill four persons, including a police personnel and a village headman, in the Jamui district of Bihar.

  • August 6: MCC Naxalites abduct and later kill three persons on the borders of Chandauli and Mirzapur districts in Uttar Pradesh.

  • July 27: While a Naxalite of the MCC is killed, the Bhojpur district police chief has a narrow escape during an encounter near Gataria bridge under the Piro police station limits in Bihar.

  • July 26: Naxalites of the MCC blow up the newly constructed building of the Govardhanana Police Station on the Indo-Nepal border in Bihar's West Champaran district with dynamites.

  • July 22: A Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel is killed when MCC Naxalites ambush a patrol party at Baruhatu hills, Ranchi district, on the first day of their 48-hour long Jharkhand bandh (general shutdown).

  • July 16: Approximately MCC 200 Naxalites abduct three persons and later kill two of them in Pehera village of Giridih district in Jharkhand.

  • July 15: Naxalites of the MCC cause large scale damage to railway tracks leading to derailment of at least three trains and uprooting of signals and points as part of their Tirhut-Mithinanchal (Northern Bihar) bandh (general shutdown).

  • July 9: MCC Naxalites abduct 15 engineers of the Larsen and Toubro and Hindustan Construction from Kosama village, approximately 100 kilometres from Ranchi, capital city of Jharkhand. In Gumla district of Jharkhand, Naxalites of the MCC kill three persons in Dari village.

  • July 6: Naxalites of the MCC abduct and later kill a person in Badani area in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.

  • July 5: Naxalites of the MCC take captive the entire staff of Hehegarha railway station in Jharkhand's Latehar district, disrupting train services for over 10 hours on Garhwa Road-Barkakana Section of East Central Railway.

  • July 2: Three police personnel are killed and three others injured when Naxalites of the MCC attack the Paraiya police station in Gaya district of Bihar.

  • July 1: Naxalites of the MCC kill three persons at Lutidih under the Simaria police station-limits, Chatra district in Jharkhand.

  • June 30: Naxalites of the MCC kill six persons in separate incidents in Latehar and Gumla districts of Jharkhand.

  • June 20: A couple is lynched for alleged involvement in the killing of a three-year-old girl after MCC’s ‘People’s Court’ (kangaroo court) awards them death penalty in Barhi village, Latehar district of Jharkhand.
    In Bihar, MCC Naxalites kill two persons in the Roh police station limits of Nawada district.

  • June 17: An MCC Naxalite is killed during a clash with the rival CPI-ML (Liberation) near Pithiaon village, Rohtas district of Bihar.

  • June 14: MCC Naxalites blast the newly constructed building of Tilothu police station in Rohtas district, Bihar.

  • June 11: MCC targets railway property at various places on the second day of the Jharkhand bandh (strike).

  • June 10: Normal life is affected in the State of Jharkhand on the first day of the two-day bandh called by the MCC to protest against alleged police atrocities.

  • June 7: Eleven MCC Naxalites surrender before the District Magistrate in Darbhanga, Bihar.

  • June 4: Three personnel of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and the driver of the vehicle are killed when MCC Naxalites trigger a landmine at Karo mines under the Bermo sub-division, Bokaro district in Jharkhand.

In Chatra district, Jharkhand Naxalites kill two persons branding them police informers.

  • June 2: MCC Naxalites attack the office of a private company engaged in executing the Sone canal project setting ablaze dumpers, vehicles and furniture at Nawadih village in the Rohtas district of Bihar.

  • May 30: MCC Naxalites abduct six persons in Narayanbeda village, East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.

  • May 25: Three Government Railway Police (GRP) personnel are killed after MCC Naxalites attack Simultalla railway station in Bihar’s Jamui district.

  • May 24: MCC Naxalites ambush two tractor-trailer loads of villagers near Banwari Champapur village in Bihar’s West Champaran’s killing two persons and injuring three others.

  • May 15: Unidentified assailants kill two MCC Naxalites, including an ‘area commander’, in the Umarakoling area of Gumla district in Jharkhand.

  • May 12: Jharkhand police launches ‘Operation Hilltop’ in Jhumra hills, Bokaro district, to flush out MCC from the area.

  • May 10: Police arrest an MCC ‘area commander’ in the Patrahi village of Aurangabad district in Bihar.

  • May 6: Normal life is affected in several parts of Jharkhand during the bandh (strike) called by the PWG and MCC against alleged police atrocities.

  • May 5: MCC calls for a strike in six districts of Jharkhand to protest against alleged police atrocities.

  • May 4: Two MCC Naxalites are arrested in the Saranda forest near Digha, Sundergarh district, Orissa.

  • May 2: Naxalites of the MCC abduct and later kill an activist of the Jharkhand Sangharsh Jan Mukti Morcha (JSJMM) in Anjan village, Gumla district.

A ‘sub-zonal commander’ of the MCC is killed in an encounter in Goriyadih village under the Ghaghra police station-limits in Gumla district, Jharkhand.

  • April 30: Two MCC Naxalites, including a ‘sub-zonal commander’, are killed in an encounter at Nava Jaipur in the Daltonganj district of Jharkhand.

  • April 27: Seven MCC Naxalites are arrested after an encounter in Nawadih village, Saranda forest areas, West Singhbhum district, Jharkhand.

  • April 25: An MCC Naxalite, allegedly involved in the killing of the erstwhile king of Vijaygarh near Rampur village, Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh on February 25, 2003, is arrested from Kusumha village, under Robertsganj police station limits, in the same district.

  • April 16: MCC Naxalites escape into the Saranda forests in West Singhbum district, Jharkhand, after looting an unspecified quantity of explosives from Roxy, Kevland police station-limits, Sundergarh district in Orissa.
    Jharkhand Chief Minister Arjun Munda offers to hold talks with the MCC.

  • April 15: MCC Naxalites kill eight police personnel and injure three more by setting off a landmine blast and also loot six Self Loading Rifles, two other rifles, a revolver and several rounds of ammunition from them before fleeing from the spot in the forests of Cherki valley, Nawada district in Bihar.

  • April 14: Naxalites of the MCC attack a police outpost at Chandrapura railway station, Bokaro district in Jharkhand and loot 23 rifles and several hundred cartridges.

  • April 7: Naxalites of the MCC set ablaze a house of the Forest department at a village in the Sundargarh district of Orissa.

  • April 8: A MCC training camp is unearthed and three cadres are arrested in Balubhang village, Latehar district in Jharkhand.

  • April 6: Naxalites of the MCC kill three alleged criminals in Hazaribagh district, Jharkhand.

In Orissa, Naxalites of the MCC set ablaze a house and a truck of a forest guard in San Ramloi village, Birsa police station limits, Sundergarh district.

  • April 1: Naxalites of the MCC kill one person and injure another in Tamad near Ranchi on the first day of the 48-hour bandh (strike) called by them and the PWG to protest the US-led attack on Iraq and alleged police high-handedness in the State of Bihar and Jharkhand

  • March 30: MCC Naxalites kill three persons near Lavalong, Chatra district in Jharkhand.

  • March 28: Two Naxalites of the MCC and a personnel of Bihar Military Police (BMP) are killed and as many injured when in a Naxal attack on the Bednagarh picket of Chenari police station, Rohtas district in Bihar.
    In Jharkhand, the MCC Naxalites kill a former colleague in Kasiyat village, Chatra district.

  • March 18: Naxalites of the MCC injure three police personnel and loot 15 rifles and 1000 bullets in an attack on a police post in Lodipur village, Gaya district in Bihar.

  • March 5: Naxalites of the MCC kill a farmer in Laxmipur village, Palamu district in Jharkhand.

  • February 25: Naxalites of the MCC kill the erstwhile king of Vijaygarh and a member of his escort team in the jungles near Rampur village, Manchi police station-limits, Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh.
    In a joint operation, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Special Task Force (STF) personnel of Bihar Police unearth the nerve center of the MCC and arrest three MCC Naxalites and five Nepalese Maoist insurgents in Patrakar Nagar locality, Patna, Bihar.

  • February 16: Naxalites of the MCC attack the motorcade of Janata Dal (United) [JD-U] Jharkhand State unit chief Gautam Sagar Rana near the forests of Marhara, Hazaribagh district.

  • February 13: Naxalites of the MCC attack several villages and loot guns and cartridges in Jamui district, Bihar.

  • February 10: Six security force personnel and four Naxalites of the MCC are killed near Chiro village, Latehar district during the 48-hour bandh (general strike) called by the MCC in Jharkhand.

  • February 8: Naxalites of the MCC abduct five persons from Dumaria police station-limits, West Singhbhum district in Jharkhand. While three of them are killed, the Naxalites chop off a hand of each of the remaining two before setting them free.

  • February 7: Two persons are beaten to death by Naxalites of the MCC at Pipra village, Gaya district in Bihar.

  • February 3: Naxalites of the MCC attack the crusher unit of the Golden Quadrilateral Highway project in Aurangabad district in Bihar.

  • January 28: A self-styled sub-zonal area commander of the MCC is arrested in a raid at a hideout in Simaria police station area, Chatra district in Jharkhand.

  • January 26: Three Naxalites of the MCC are arrested in Burmu near Ranchi in Jharkhand.

  • January 13: Naxalites of the MCC abduct four businessmen from Hussainabad block, Palamu district in Jharkhand.

  • January 8: In Jharkhand, a police driver is killed and five security force personnel injured in a landmine blast set-off by the MCC, near Kasmar village, Palamu district. In Bihar, five Naxalites of the MCC are arrested for the January 4-killing of three persons in Tilai village, under Sanjhauli police station-limits, in Rohtas district.

  • January 4: Naxalites of the MCC kill three members of a family in Tilai village, under Sanjhauli police station-limits, Rohtas district in Bihar.


  • December 31: Suspected Naxalites of the MCC kill Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI)--the youth wing of the ruling Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M--local-level leader Lakshmi Bag, in Jangipara, Hooghly district, West Bengal.

  • December 23: In a release issued in Gaya, Bihar, the Bihar-Jharkhand-Bengal Special Area Committee of the MCC claims responsibility for the December 20-Saranda forest ambush and warns of similar 'operations', if security agencies did not stop torturing innocent farmers and labourers on the pretext of curbing extremism.
    In Jharkhand, police arrest 10 suspected MCC cadres in Manoharpur police station-limits, West Singhbhum district.

  • December 20: Naxalites of the MCC lay an ambush on a convoy of police personnel, in Jharkahnd, killing 18 police and injuring 20 more in Saranda forests, at Bitkilsoya, Manoharpur police station-limits, West Singhbhum district, bordering Orissa. They also loot an unspecified number of arms and ammunition and set ablaze 11 vehicles in the convoy.

  • December 19: Naxalites of the MCC kill a village headman in Manoharpur village, West Singhbhum district in Jharkhand.

  • December 16: Approximately 60 Naxalites of the MCC and PWG lodged at Midnapore Central Jail, West Bengal, begin an indefinite hunger strike to press for their unconditional release.

  • December 13: A Naxalite of the MCC is arrested and booked under POTA in Srijan village, West Singhbhum district, Jharkhand.

  • December 2: Naxalites of the MCC kill two persons in separate incidents in Latehar district.

  • November 20: Naxalites of the MCC attack the Central Coalfields Limited’s (CCL), Piparwar office, in Jharkhand’s Chatra district, and snatch away three guns from private security guards.

  • November 18: Jharkhand police arrest 19 Naxalites of the MCC in Ranchi.

  • November 17: Jharkhand police arrest four MCC Naxalites and recover explosives in Gumla district.

  • November 15: The MCC and PWG issue a call to boycott the celebrations to mark the second anniversary of the formation of Jharkhand State.

  • November 10: Naxalites of the MCC attack Harsidpur village, in Bihar’s Nawada district, and kill two persons.

  • November 7: 37 Naxalites of the MCC surrender with weapons to Chief Minister Babulal Marandi, in Bokaro district.

  • October 26: An estimated 550 supporters and sympathizers of the MCC are detained in Jharkhand and West Bengal States while on their way to participate in a convention organized by the Struggling Forum for People’s Resistance (SFPR), a front organization of the MCC, in Kolkata, starting on the day.

  • October 18: Three activists of the Struggling Forum of People's Resistance, a front organization of the MCC, are arrested from Bandagaon, West Singhbhum district, and been booked under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA).

  • October 12: Two Naxalites, including a 'sub-zonal commander' of the MCC, are arrested in Madanpur village, Aurangabad district, Bihar.

  • October 9: Suspected Naxalites of the MCC make an abortive bid to loot firearms in an attack on a police picket in the Kashichak police station area, Nawada district, Bihar.

  • October 7: Four Naxalites of the MCC are arrested from Bokaro district, Jharkhand. A huge quantity of arms and ammunition is recovered from their possession.

  • October 5: Naxalites of the MCC kill a local leader of the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) in Bokaro district, Jharkhand.

  • September 24: Nine Naxalites of the MCC are arrested and a huge cache of arms is seized in Prasangan village, Latehar district, Jharkhand.

  • September 22: A huge quantity of arms and ammunition is recovered in a village in Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, after an encounter with Naxalites of the MCC.

  • September 13: West Bengal police arrest five Naxalites of the MCC from Singhahore village, Bankura district.

  • September 9: Police arrest an 'area commander' of the MCC and two of his associates on the outskirts of Ranchi, capital of Jharkhand.

  • August 16: Two persons are killed and six others injured in an attack by Naxalites of the MCC in at bazaar in Bagha, West Champaran district, Bihar.

  • July 15 A suspected Naxalite of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) is arrested from Dakshin Kashilya village, Birbhum district, West Bengal.
    During the 24-hour bandh (general shutdown) called by MCC in Jharkhand, Naxalites attack a goods train with heavy gunfire between Hehegada and Chhipadohar stations, Dhanbad division, and kill a security force personnel, besides injuring five others.

  • June 12: Four Naxalites of the MCC arrested under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA). One among them reportedly played a key role in the October 31, 2001-massacre in Topchanchi, Dhanbad, in which 13 police personnel were killed by the MCC.

  • July 10: Police arrest an 'area commander' of the MCC in Omkaleshwar, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh.

  • July 9: Three MCC Naxalites killed in separate encounters in Chandauli and Sonebhadra districts, Uttar Pradesh.

  • July 1: 14 Naxalites of the MCC surrender at a 'Janata Darbar' (People's Court) in Chiata village, East Champaran district. Bihar.

  • May 20: Bharatiya Jananta Party (BJP) local-level leader killed, elder brother Injured in an MCC attack at Chanlaso village, Jharkhand.

  • May 7: On the second day of the two-day economic blockade of Jharkhand, an estimated 15 police personnel and a Naxalite of the MCC are killed in a landmine blast at Mthadih, Koderma district.

  • May 6: On the first day of the two-day economic blockade called jointly by the MCC and the People's War Group (PWG), MCC Naxalites attack a police patrol party near Kamundi, Latehar district in Jharkhand.

  • April 27: Supreme Court approves death sentence to four Naxalites of the MCC, who killed 35 persons in Bara village, Gaya district in Bihar in 1992.

  • April 13: The Jharkhand police submit chargesheet against eight MCC Naxalites, accused of killing 13 personnel of the Jharkhand Armed Police at Topchanchi, Dhanbad district on October 31.

  • April 10: One CRPF personnel and one MCC Naxalite killed in an encounter in Vishrampur Saraiya village, Aurangabad district in Bihar. Separately, the Special Task Force (STF) demolish an MCC bunker and arrest two of its Naxalites in Koriari village, Kaimur district.

  • April 2: A police personnel killed and four others injured when the MCC Naxalites ambushed a vehicle of the State Bank of India near Lara village, Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand.

  • March 5: A police personnel killed when the MCC Naxalites attacked a police station in Arwal district in Bihar

  • February 26: 24 Naxalites of the MCC surrender in East Champaran district of Bihar.

  • February 20: The MCC Naxalites killed four persons during the 2—hour general strike called by the MCC and the PWG in Jharkhand.

  • February 16: 12 Naxalites of the MCC including their ‘zonal commander’ surrender in Darbhanga

  • February 15: The Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) of the Shahabad forest division in Bihar was abducted and later killed by the MCC Naxalites in Rohtas district.

  • February 4: Naxalites of the MCC attack a police party and killed 9 police personnel at Jorighat, Chatra district in Jharkhand

  • January 6-7: Seven Naxalites of the MCC killed in different encounters in Rohtas district in Bihar


  • December 31: Five MCC Naxalites arrested after an encounter in the Palkot police station area, Gumla district in Jharkhand.

  • December 21: Two personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) killed and four others injured in a landmine blast triggered by Naxalites of the MCC, in the forests, 3 km away from the Chinia police post, Garhwa district in Jharkhand.

  • December 10: MCC holds a Jan Adalat (Kangaroo Court) in Bhagwanpur village, Sarguja district in Chhattisgarh. They execute three persons after four hours of ‘public trial’ on charges of misusing the outfit for monetary gains.

  • December 5: Union government bans MCC under Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance (POTO).

  • November 12: The MCC Naxalites kill two local-level leaders of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in Latehar district in Jharkhand.

  • October 31: The MCC killed 13 police personnel near at Topchanchi near Dhanbad in Jharkhand.

  • October 4: Four police personnel, including a Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), were killed and four others seriously injured in a landmine blast triggered by the MCC Bargarh, Garhwa district in Jharkhand.

  • September 29: Naxalites of the MCC burnt alive a police personnel in Kodarma district in Jharkhand.

  • September 24: MCC Naxalites attacked the Giridih district police chief when he was returning to Giridih from Hazaribagh after attending the meeting of police chiefs of Naxal-affected districts.

  • September 23: 12 CRPF personnel were killed by a landmine blast triggered by the MCC at Abroj forest area in the Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand.

  • September 6: Five persons including two police personnel were killed by the MCC at Pathki Latehar distirct, Jharkhand

  • August 6: MCC Naxaltie ambushed police patrol party at Chilgo forest near Bokaro in Jharkhand. One guard-cum-jeep driver was killed and one police personnel seriously injured in encounter.

  • June 24: The MCC Naxalites attacked a police picket at Dhekuli, Sheohar district in Bihar and looted six rifles and a large quantity of ammunition. Three police personnel were also injured in the incident.

  • June 7: Approximately, 100 MCC Naxalites attack a passenger train at Haurbera station near Jamshedpur in Jharkhand and looted arms and ammunition. Six Government Railway Police (GRP) personnel injured in the incident.

  • May 27: One police personnel was killed and five others seriously injured when more than 100 MCC Naxalites attack Mali police station, Aurangabad district in Bihar.

  • May 21: The MCC Naxalites attack a police team and loot four rifles from them in Hembrom Bazar, Ranchi in Jharkhand. Four police personnel injure in the attack.

  • April 14: Fourteen persons were massacred by the MCC at Belpu village, Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand. Those killed belonged to the Gram Suraksha Dal (Village Protection Force) which the villagers had raised three years ago to guard against MCC attacks.

  • April 5: Eight police personnel were injured in an attack by the Naxalites of the MCC in Ranja Gahti, Gumla district in Jharkhad.


  • December 18: The MCC looted six self-loading rifles and two carbines from the police in Muzaffarpur district in Bihar.

  • November 12: In Jharkhand, the MCC killed the wife of the Hazaribagh Deputy Commissioner.

  • October 5: In the State of Jharkhand, the MCC killed the Lohardaga district Superintendent of Police, Ajay Kumar.

  • February 12: The MCC killed 22 persons including 19 police personnel in a landmine blast in Palamu, Jharkhand during the first phase of State Legislative Elections.


  • November 18: The MCC killed 12 persons Latu village, Palamu in Jharkhand.

  • March 18: The MCC massacred over 34 upper caste Bhumihars in Senari village, Jehanabad in Bihar.


  • February 12: The MCC massacred 37 members of the landowing upper caste Bhumihar community at Bara village, Gaya district in Bihar.


  • May 29: The MCC massacred 42 persons belonging to an upper caste Rajput family at Dalelchak-Baghaura village in Aurangabad district, Bihar.


  • October 7: The MCC killed 11 persons belonging to the upper caste Rajput community in Darmia village Aurangabad district in Bihar.

Chronology of Massacres in Central Bihar (1977-2001)







Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.