A leading businessman, who was
abducted by Bodo militants from Itanagar on December 26, 2001,
was released after a huge ransom was paid.
Suspected Bodo militants are reported
to have abducted two businessmen of Dorlong in East Kameng District
when they had gone to a forest in the Assam-Arunachal border.
militants were killed in an encounter at Dadam village near Khonsa
in Tirap District. SFs recovered a carbine, an AK-47 rifle and
some ammunition from the encounter site.
Arunachal Pradesh Governor Arvind
Dave cautioned the people of the state about the designs of Pakistani
intelligence agency, Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), which,
he said, was trying to penetrate the peace-loving state of Arunachal
Pradesh through Assam. He said the youths of the state should
remain vigilant as some people were trying to form outfits on
the lines of the terrorist groups in neighbouring north-eastern
states. He was speaking in Itanagar on the occasion of Republic
A postcard addressed to the Prime
Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, urging him to create a conducive
atmosphere for effective participation that would facilitate the
proposed political negotiation between the Union Government and
the NSCN-IM was circulated among the people at Dimapur and also
in Naga-inhabited areas of Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh,
and Myanmar. The demands include an immediate repeal of the Armed
Forces Special Powers Act, lifting of the proscription against
various Naga militant outfits, the withdrawal of arrest warrants
issued against the leaders of the 'Naga National Movement', the
release of all Naga "political" prisoners and to honour the cease-fire
by restricting the armed forces to their barracks in all Naga-inhabited
SFs arrested a resident of Chowkham
believed to be maintaining close links with the NSCN-K,
NSCN-IM and ULFA
in Lohit District and recovered cash amounting to INR 9,600 and
ammunition from his house.
A NSCN-K militant was shot dead
by the Army during an encounter at No. 2 Wagangaon under Bordoomsa
Police Station in Changlang District. An AK-56 rifle, three magazines
and 70 live cartridges were recovered from the encounter site.
The ULFA and the NDFB
militants are using the areas of Arunachal Pradesh on the common
border with Assam as their hideouts. Changlang and Lohit Districts
of Arunachal have reportedly become a safe heaven for these militants.
The militants holed up in these areas find it easier to operate
in the Districts of upper Assam. These areas are used by these
militants to facilitate the functioning of inter-militant organisation
network, as NSCN-IM militants are also believed to be operating
from these areas. The latter are also believed to have sent requests
to militant outfits like NDFB 'to work in collaboration' with
Addressing a public meeting at
Seppa of East Kameng District in Arunachal Pradesh, the Nagaland
Chief Minister S. C. Jamir warned the Arunachal Government of
possible militant attacks and advised them to take every precaution.
Stating that peace is necessary for any kind of development, he
said, it was necessary to ensure that peace prevailed in the State.
Nyishi leaders in Arunachal Pradesh
demanded deployment of Police reinforcements at Seijusa in East
Kameng District where the community was allegedly bearing the
brunt of Bodo atrocities. In a memorandum to Arunachal Pradesh
Chief Minister Mukut Mithi, the Nyishi Elite Society (NES) alleged
that the Nyishis "were being subjected to Bodo atrocities including
extortion and abduction for ransom in recent months". NES also
demanded immediate transfer of the East Kameng District Police
Chief and Officer-in-Charge of the Seijusa Police Station.
NES President Ligu Tacho and Secretary
Techi Nuykum called for a social boycott of Bodos living and working
in Arunachal Pradesh and urged the State and the Union Governments
to intervene against the 'atrocities". Nyishi leaders also claimed
that the Bodos had completely violated the peace agreement reached
after the meeting in 1999 between the Nyishis and the Bodos.
The circle officer of Namtak under
the Changlang District in Arunachal Pradesh, Pallav Roy Chowdhury,
was abducted and later killed by a group of approximately 20 NSCN-IM
militants. The killing is reported to have occurred due to his
refusal to 'pay' 25 per cent of his salary to the NSCN-IM.
The Director General (DG) of Assam
Rifles (AR), G. K. Duggal said that 15 more battalions would be
raised by the AR to meet security demands along the India-Myanmar
border and other sensitive areas like those east of Manipur's
Churachandpur District. Talking to the media in his first official
press briefing, he pointed out that five battalions had been raised
so far and approximately 1,800 persons from Nagaland, Manipur,
Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Mizoram were inducted into the
force over the past year including a large number of surrendered
terrorists bringing the total number of forces recruited from
the Northeast region to thirty percent more than what was permissible
as per all-India recruitment rules.
The Bodos living in Darrang and
Sonitpur Districts of Assam and in parts of Arunachal Pradesh
are threatened with expulsion by the Nishi community. They constitute
the majority community in Arunachal Pradesh. This is seen as a
retaliatory attack because the NDFB cadres have allegedly been
targeting the Nishis in their extortion drive in the Bodo dominated
areas of Assam. The same was discussed at the executive meeting
of the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) on April 7. The participants
alleged that All Nishi Students Union (ANSU) and Nishi elite society
is following indirect policy of gradual expulsion of the Bodos
from Arunachal Pradesh by imposing 'social boycott'. Rabiram Narzary,
the ABSU president appealed for 'peaceful co-existence' following
The representatives of Nyishis
and the Bodos from the States of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam,
at a meeting in Itanagar, have resolved to work for the restoration
of peace and harmony. It was also agreed upon that atrocities
like kidnapping, torture, extortion among others suffered by the
Nyishis living along the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh was undesirable
and the same should be stopped immediately. A broad-based peace
committee comprising members of both the communities will also
be set up under the terms of agreement.
The State Bank of India (SBI)
has closed its Jairampur branch in Changlang District indefinitely
after the NSCN-K served extortion notes on the staff. This has
reportedly forced most of them to flee the State. Quoting an unnamed
official at the SBI's regional office in Dibrugarh, the report
also said the staff were threatened of 'dire consequences' if
they did not comply with the demands, which ranged from paying
an amount of Rs 10,000 to Rs 1 lakh. The demands were allegedly
made over telephone.
The State Bank of India (SBI)
Jairampur branch in Changlang District in Arunachal Pradesh has
resumed functioning. It has reportedly been provided adequate
security cover by the security forces. The bank was closed on
May 7 following the extortion notices served to its staff allegedly
by NSCN-K militants.
A media report quoting the Annual
Report of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for year 2001-02
said India has taken initiatives to seek cooperation from Thailand
to stop Northeast militant outfits from procuring arms and ammunition
from unofficial sources in that country. The reported setting
up of camps in Bhutan by some of those outfits like the ULFA and
the NDFB have also been taken up with the Bhutanese authorities.
The report stated that contemporary
forces of social and economic changes have also contributed to
unrest in certain segments of tribal communities in the region.
Meghalaya is reportedly witnessing militancy of moderate intensity.
Pakistan's external intelligence agency, Inter Services Intelligence
(ISI), has reportedly been pursuing its evil designs by misguiding
people and also by providing arms and training to the outfits
in the Northeast. The MHA report also said that Northeastern region
is geo-politically the most sensitive because it has only a narrow
surface link through Siliguri corridor with rest of India.
While examining the security scenario
in Northeast, the MHA report also said that Union Government has
reimbursed a total of INR 629.03 crore from 1997-98 to 2001-02
to the Northeastern States as the security related expenses. The
report also cited data of number of militants killed in various
Northeastern States in 2001 during encounters with the security
forces. While 282 militants were killed in Assam, 65 in Nagaland,
170 in Manipur, 30 in Tripura, 7 in Meghalaya and 20 in Arunachal
Two troopers of the Gorkha Rifles
were killed and five others injured in a clash with suspected
NSCN-IM militants at Fungyak in Changlang District.
A self-styled corporal 'commander'
of the NSCN-IM was killed in an encounter with the Army at Yankang
in Changlang District. An AK-47 rifle and a .303 rifle with some
live ammunition were recovered from the possession of the slain
The Leader of a newly formed militant
outfit, Revolutionary Army of Arunachal Pradesh (RAAP), was reportedly
arrested at Gremey village in West Siang District. Identified
as Anthony Doke, he, along with an associate, was arrested. Various
incriminating documents were also seized from their possession.
India and Myanmar have emphasised
that a concerted effort was needed to check the menace of terrorism
and illicit drug trade that takes place through their common border.
At the end of a two-day meeting held in New Delhi on July 10 and
11, 2002, representatives from both countries deliberated possible
actions against the Northeast India's militant outfits. Some of
those, including NSCN-K, ULFA and various Manipur-based militant
outfits, are operating from the Myanmarese side of the border.
Myanmar shares approximately 1,643 kilometers of border with India's
four Northeastern States- Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur
and Mizoram. Various trade related issues and joint development
projects were also discussed at the meeting.
Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister
Mukut Mithi accused the NSCN-IM of threatening Legislators and
Ministers in Tirap and Changlang Districts and asking them to
withdraw support to his Government.
The Chief Minister said the threats
were being made as both the INSCN-IM and NSCN-K factions would
be affected by the Arunachal Pradesh Control of Organised Crime
Ordinance (APCOCO) Bill 2002 moved in the State Legislative Assembly
on August 21.
The Chief Minister also said that
the bill, introduced to prevent deteriorating law and order, attempt
to murder, rape, extortion, drug peddling and gang warfare by
the two NSCN factions, would prescribe award of capital punishment
or imprisonment for life and a minimum fine of INR 100000.
The Legislative Assembly also
adopted a resolution, which declared that the territorial integrity
of the State was non-negotiable. The NSCN-IM, the resolution noted,
has been claiming most of the State's territory as part of Nagalim
(Greater Nagaland). The move follows growing fears that the Naga
peace process would affect the territorial integrity of the State.
The All Arunachal Pradesh Students
Union (AAPSU), following its central executive body meeting at
Itanagar, has called for a 12-hour bandh (general shut down) on
August 23 demanding withdrawal of APCOCO Bill.
The State Legislative Assembly
passed APCOCA bill. Chief Minister Mukut Mithi, while introducing
the bill, allayed fears of some political organisations, including
students' bodies, and said the Act has enough safeguards to prevent
misuse by vested interests. He further said only members of an
organised crime syndicate or persons who act on their behalf can
be convicted under APCOCA.
The Chief Minister also said the
State needed this Act to tackle the various proscribed groups--Liberation
Tigers of Arunachal Pradesh (LTA), United Liberation Tigers of
Arunachal (ULTA), National Liberation Army of Arunachal (NLAA)
and Revolution Army of Arunachal Pradesh (RAAP), among others.
Since Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) can not be used against
these groups, as they are not included in its list, but by State-laws,
the State needed an Act of its own, he added.
Meanwhile no violence was reported
during the 12-hour Itanagar (the State capital)-bandh (general
shut down) called by the AAPSU, on the same day. The student body
was protesting the APCOCA.
Arunachal Pradesh is taking precautionary
measures to avoid any spill over effect of the ongoing internecine
clashes between NSCN-IM and NSCN-K factions. State Ministers and
Legislators have also been asked to remain alert, particularly
while on tours. Both the NSCN factions have been proscribed by
the State Government as organised crime syndicates under the APCOCA,
The bandh (general shut down)
in capital Itanagar called by the AAPSU, to oppose the State government's
decision to enforce APCOCA, 2002, affected normal life. A few
minor incidents of violence were also reported and approximately
200 activists, including President Dominic Tadar, were taken into
A NSCN-IM militant, identified
as T. Pangsha, was killed by Security Force (SF) personnel at
Chopsa village in Tirap District. The report has, however, not
mentioned the date of the encounter. It added that SFs recovered
an AK-47, a Chinese grenade and 29 rounds of ammunition.
The Union Government has extended
the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958, in the whole of Assam,
and in the 20 kilometer-wide belt in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland
and Meghalaya along the borders, for six more months with effect
from November 11.
Arunachal Pradesh has initiated
steps to contain militants' activities in Tirap and Changlang
Districts. The State would be getting additional resources from
the Union Government for the purpose. State Home Minister Kabang
Borang informed this while talking to a news agency in Itanagar.
However, he gave no details of the steps initiated.
A NSCN-IM militant was killed
in an encounter with SFs at Banfara village in Tirap District.
A 12-bore gun with eight live cartridges, 104 rounds of .303 rifles
and a Chinese hand grenade were among the others things seized
from the encounter site.
Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi
stated that terrorism in Arunachal Pradesh was on the rise, especially
in Tirap and Changlang Districts, bordering Assam.
Arunachal Pradesh Public Welfare
Department Minister Talo Mugli, addressing a public function in
capital Itanagar, stated that activities of both the NSCN-IM and
NSCN-K were impeding development in Tirap and Changlang Districts
of the State.