SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 1, July 11, 2011
assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form
with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
Pradesh: Wilful Blindness
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute
for Conflict Management & SATP
myopia, folly, and sheer mischief have undermined counter-insurgency
gains in many theatres across India, making a mockery
of the tremendous sacrifices Security Forces (SFs) must
accept to secure even limited successes. Unfortunately,
there is no indication that the political leadership in
this country has learned anything from the past, or that
its wilful blindness and disruptive opportunism are yielding
to any greater sagacity or concern for the national interest.
in Andhra Pradesh, with particular regard to the Telangana
region, is an immediate case in point. Over the past years,
the Andhra Pradesh Police has struggled against great
odds, and at great cost in blood, to bring a rampaging
Maoist movement under control.
region has always been at the heart of the Maoist insurrection,
but by 2005, each one of Andhra Pradesh’s 23 Districts
was in the Maoist-affected category. The situation had
been substantially worsened by the ill-advised deal between
the Congress Party and the Maoists in the run-up to the
2004 elections, and the ‘ceasefire’ that the new Congress
regime unilaterally announced in one of its first moves
after its electoral victory. Despite significant and further
Maoist consolidation, however, the Andhra Pradesh Police
were able to fight back after the breakdown of the so-called
‘peace process’ in early 2005, and by 2007, almost the
entire State had been cleared
of the Maoist menace.
in Maoist related violence provide an index of the astonishing
turnaround that was achieved in this short while. According
to the South Asia Terrorism Portal, in 2005, there
were 320 Maoist related fatalities (132 civilians, 21
SF personnel, 167 Maoists); 2010 saw just 33 such fatalities
(17 civilians, 16 Maoists). To date, there have been just
4 fatalities in 2011 (2 civilians and 2 Maoists). There
have been no SF fatalities since 2009.
till July 10, 2011
made a concerted attempt to regroup in the Nalamalla Forest
area in Central Andhra, and in the Telangana region, in
2010, but their attempts were quickly neutralised with
the arrest or killing of their leadership cadres, forcing
them out of the State once again.
problem of sporadic violence, essentially by armed groups
located across the border, principally in Odisha and Chhattisgarh,
persists in eight border Districts of Andhra Pradesh.
However, even this has been substantially handled with
effective coordination with SFs in these States, and in
Joint Operations. Today, the Maoist operational capabilities
in Andhra are minimal.
have also been increasingly aware that the improving social
and economic profile of populations in the region no longer
lends itself to their patterns of mobilisation and recruitment.
The socio-economic transformation of the Telangana region
has been elaborately documented by the Justice
B.N. Srikrishna Committee, which has
debunked the entire ‘separatist’ argument on grounds of
economic neglect and backwardness. It is not the intention,
here, to review the Srikrishna Report. However,
the extensive indices of human and economic development
compiled, demonstrate the most dramatic improvements in
the Telangana region, and force the Committee to the conclusion
that, “In recent years… the shares of Telangana for many
common development parameters are in league with the share
of population / area, often being higher… Additionally,
the rate of growth of most of the parameters of development
has shown robust growth in Telangana… Thus, on the whole,
it would appear that the deprived region is Rayalaseema
Report has, of course, been accused of bias and political
prejudice by the votaries of a separate Telangana, which
is why the Maoist perspective becomes the more significant.
Indeed, in their Social
Investigation of North Telangana: Case Study of Warangal,
probably drafted towards the end of 2001 or early 2002,
the Maoists concede that a wide range of social, political
and economic transformations in the region have made recruitment
difficult, and popular cooperation with the Police far
more frequent, undermining the very possibility of effective
Maoist mobilization. The tone of much of this document
verges on the comical, as there is constant lamentation
over precisely these improvements, and the impact they
have had on the ‘revolutionary potential’ in what was,
for decades, the Maoist heartland. A few samples are instructive:
the governments are starting "Akshara deepika",
Malli badiki", "Chaduvula panduga" (education
programmes), education for child labourers, thievish
audio visual educations, bridge schools to educate
the peasantry and make them buy their goods. It
is only to transform the people as "market being".
Earlier, farmers never had anything to eat when
they go to the market. They used to go without
even brushing their teeth. Now they go to the
hotels. They also have to watch the imperialist's
TV. So they have to go by bus...
are also brought along with this. The middle class
is opposing the blasting of the (telephone) exchanges.
The increased communication network facilitated
the enemy to receive our information soon...
roads in remote rural areas of the district have
become tar roads... There is almost no village
without RTC buses in the summer season... Two
wheelers have become a common feature in majority
of the villages in the district ranging from scooter
to spider, Hero Honda, Bajaj, Chetak, Kavasaki...
In addition to these each mandal (administrative
block) has at least 40 tractors, each village
has 4 to 5 jeeps. Six seater autos, Matadors and
Tata Sumos are in big number... Now if a squad
member goes to the village for food and it is
exposed, the police from the nearby station can
encircle us within one hour. We are unable to
identify who leaked the information. Information
can also be sent through phones...
years back, apart from the district collectorate
in Warangal district there were two RDO (Rural
Development Officer) offices in Mulugu and Mehaboobabad...
Now there are revenue offices to each mandal
and agriculture and education departments, now
the Janagama, Narsampeta and Warangal Revenue
Divisions are established. There are 6 RDO offices
in the district. Administration is decentralised
and bureaucrats (employed section) and administrative
departments (political and ruling class) have
developed in a big way...
women are gaining political consciousness by knowing
the bourgeois political society mainly through
the TV. Because of the schools, participating
in development activities taken up by the various
organisations, they are increasingly coming out
of the houses. Number of girl students is increased.
The number of those who go around the offices
also increased to 5 or 10 in each village...
impact of cricketisation and gutka (a mild
stimulant containing areca nut and tobacco) is
high. Due to the imperialist culture 40 per cent
of our youth are away from our activities. In
1980s there was no Television even radio was seen
only in middle class families. Now cassette recorders
and decks become a normal feature... Cricket,
volleyball, carom board, chess, ball badminton
and kabaddi are played. Every village has cricket
is what makes the separatist movement in Telangana integral
to Maoist designs in the region. The only possibility
of the recovery of Maoist influence and dominance in Andhra
Pradesh is envisaged through the Telangana agitation.
Significantly, a detailed plan to encourage such separatism
was drawn up in the Fourth North Telangana Special Zonal
Committee Meeting of the People's War Group (PWG, now
CPI-Maoist) in 1997, where it was concluded that, "when
it comes to separate Telangana issue, it cannot be entrusted
to others" and that "It is not proper to say that only
constitutional means would be adopted." Indeed, in the
PWG's State Conference in 1995, a resolution had already
been passed to start an agitation for the formation of
a separate Telangana. What we are seeing in the Telangana
region today is a slow and systematic unfolding of the
Maoist plan for a sundering of the State, through various
proxies, in order to restore their own disruptive dominance.
formations currently spearheading the separatist movement,
including the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) and the Telangana
Praja Front (TPF), have a large representation of ex-Maoist
cadres and leaders, and have synchronised their campaigns
with various Maoist directives on the issue.
of the Sri Krishna Report in this regard, in its 'secret'
8, are significant:
the bifurcation of the state and Hyderabad in Telangana
region, incidents of agitations, dharnas and even
violence, are expected. This may result in flight
of capital, stagnant growth and disincentive for entrepreneurs,
leading to slow down of economic activity.
Maoists are also likely to gain by the creation of
a new state. The new state is likely to be soft towards
them initially, given that they have over the years
supported the struggle for the formation of Telangana.
By the time the state realizes the Maoist menace,
it may be too late for the state to handle them with
a bifurcated police force contributing to a weaker
response to the problem. The CPI
(Maoist) will also use political
boundaries of state and districts, to their advantage.
It is not without reason that most of the Maoist zones,
sub- zones etc., straddle state and district boundaries.
is also contiguous with other highly affected Maoist
areas viz., Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra States. As
such it is likely that the Maoists will extend their
activities from these neighbouring states to Telangana,
especially the districts of Adilabad, Karimnagar,
Warangal, Khammam, parts of Nizamabad and Medak in
north Telangana and Mahboobnagar and Nalgonda in south
Telangana. It is important to note that it is not
entirely a coincidence that the increased spread of
Maoist violence in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, has
been after the creation of these states. Increase
in poverty which is a natural corollary to a slowdown
in economic activity, will drive more people into
the arms of the CPI ( Maoist). This may again lead
to a vicious cycle of Naxalism, leading to less of
economic activity and greater impoverishment, which
may provide fillip to left wing extremism.
important development that has to be noted is that
after K. Chandra Shekar Rao gave up his fasting protest
on 30.11.2009, Gaddar organized wide spread protests
and later the top leadership of Maoists including
Kishanji @ Mallojula Koteshwar have organized various
protests programs through students of Osmania University
and other universities of Telangana. Thus, while the
student's involvement in the Telangana agitation became
very intense due to the encouragement of the local
committees of the Maoists, Telangana Rashtra Samithi
was also forced to utilize simmering sentiment in
the students. When the intensity of the agitation
by TRS started ebbing down, Gaddar floated a new front
called Telangana Praja Front (TPF) on the instructions
of the underground cadre of the Maoists to sustain
agitation for a very prolonged duration. This front,
which is totally Maoist backed and motivated, tried
to project itself as an alternate to KCR and TRS.
Thus, the Maoists are trying to make a come back through
the Telangana agitation. The impact of possible growth
of Maoist/ Naxal influence in Telangana has to be
evaluated in the right perspective keeping in mind
that a large number of important and sensitive industries
are located in and around Hyderabad.
It is unfortunately
the case that the Centre’s policies and pronouncements,
and especially the December 9, 2010, announcement of an
imminent division of Andhra Pradesh by Union Home Minister
P. Chidambaram, have inflamed the agitators further. The
resignation of Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)
and Members of Parliament (MPs) from the Telangana region
since July 4, 2011, can only worsen the situation. The
problem has been aggravated significantly by the succession
war within the Congress Party after the death of Chief
Minister YSR Reddy in a helicopter accident in September
2009, and the claims of his son, Jagan Reddy, with his
breakaway YSR Party.
and groups opposed to state division have been intimidated
by the threat of a violent backlash to maintain their
silence. Some political formations have opportunistically
changed their positions, sensing some electoral advantage
in the Telangana region by shifting from an integrationist
to a separatist position.
is a grave and imminent danger of a Maoist revival in
the Telangana region if a separate State is created there.
Indeed, the increasing chaos of the Telangana agitation
has already created new spaces for Maoist revival and
consolidation, though the operation of armed cadres is
still being effectively contained by the Police. The rising
apprehensions and potential backlash in the coastal Andhra
and Rayalaseema regions can only widen such spaces. The
Maoist leadership and cadres from this State have played
– and continue to play – a historically pivotal role in
the armed insurrection across all affected areas of the
country. A Maoist revival in Andhra Pradesh will not only
wipe out hard-won gains in Telangana and in the wider
State; it would have disastrous consequences for the Maoist
‘red corridor’ States, and for the internal security situation
in India at large.
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management
114 persons were killed in just five days of violence,
commencing July 5, 2011, in Karachi. Unidentified assailants
on a shooting spree in several neighbourhoods in Pakistan’s
commercial hub, killed 14 persons on July 5; another 25
on July 6; 36 on July 7; 35 on July 8; and 4 on July 9.
On July 7, President Asif Ali Zardari ordered the Sindh
Government to give ‘shoot at sight’ powers to the Police
and the Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA) against those suspected
to be involved in the incidents.
to South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) data, a total
of 453 persons have been killed in Karachi in incidents
connected with a range of armed non-state actors, over
the last six months. These include 378 are civilians,
36 Security Force personnel and 38 militants. In addition,
the Karachi Chapter of the Human Rights Commission of
Pakistan (HRCP), records a total of 1,138 killings, including
a range of criminal and ‘target’ killings, between January
and June 2011.
spike in violence emerged a week after the Muttahida Qaumi
Movement (MQM) parted ways with the Pakistan People's
Party (PPP)-led coalition Government at the Federal and
Provincial levels on June 27, 2011. The MQM withdrew support
after increasing bitterness between the two parties during
the course of Elections in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
ethnic violence in Karachi has a complex history, dating
back to the formation of Pakistan. There have always been
tense relations between Mohajirs (Urdu speaking ‘refugees’
from what became India) and Pashtuns, who have struggled
to consolidate power in Karachi. The Mohajirs who came
to Karachi, faced resistance from established Sindhi families.
The Pashtuns had their difficulties with Pakistan, translating
into rising aspirations for Pashtunistan – a separate
homeland for the Pashtuns. The radicalization of these
diverse ethnic grievances has created a dynamic of entrenched
violence in Karachi.
spate of killings in Karachi principally resulted from
clashes between MQM and PPP‘s ally, Awami National Party
(ANP), drawing a line of blood between the 45 per cent
of Urdu speaking Mohajirs in the city, on whose behalf
the MQM claims to act; and the ANP, ‘representing’ the
city’s 25 per cent Pashtun population. [The remaining
30 per cent comprise Punjabis, Sindhis, Balochs, etc.]
The MQM has retained power since it became part of mainstream
politics in 1985, by entering into alliances with major
political parties [at different times, the Pakistan Muslim
League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the PPP]. This radical ethnic
formation has also enjoyed the support of the Army, with
the aim of undermining the Pashtun groups. Meanwhile,
counter-insurgency operations in the Pashtun-dominated
North Western areas (Federally Administered Tribal Areas
– FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) have resulted in the displacement
of tens of thousands of people from their homes, with
an estimated 300,000 Internally Displaced Persons pushing
into Karachi, destabilizing established equations.
and drastic demographic shift embittered the Mohajir-dominated
MQM, which accused the ANP of Talibanising Karachi. On
May 11, 2009, the party’s Coordination Committee had alleged
that PPP elements in the Sindh Government and ‘criminal
elements’ in the ANP were “not only patronising ‘Talibanisation’
in the city” but also “harming the country’s sovereignty”;
and further, that the ANP enjoyed the support of some
PPP leaders in protecting Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
elements and patronising the drug and land mafia.
on August 5, 2008, the TTP chief Maulana Faqeer Muhammad
and spokesman Maulvi Umar had declared, at a joint Press
Conference at Inayat Kalay in Karachi: “This is a warning
for Altaf Hussain to cease his statements against the
Taliban and end his kingdom in Karachi, otherwise we will
launch attacks against the MQM and its leaders.” Umar
boasted that the TTP had ‘massive’ support of Karachi’s
residents and it “could take control of the city whenever
it wanted to”.
on June 7, 2009, Karachi Senior Superintendent of Police,
Fayyaz Khan, following the recovery of 10 suicide jackets,
60 kilograms of explosives and 10 hand grenades with the
arrest of a TTP militant, Naeemur Rehman, had observed,
“Terrorists have a network here and whenever they get
a chance to carry out an attack, they will grab it… They
want to do something major because when something happens
here, it creates much more pressure on the Government.”
Conspicuously, while the military was clearing
Swat of militants, the TTP was holing
up in Karachi, not only as an escape mechanism but to
expand their militant
confirming the presence of TTP in Katti Pahari and other
areas of Karachi, the Federal Minister of Interior Rehman
Malik stated, on July 8, 2011, “Intelligence Agencies
have identified presence of the TTP in Karachi and the
Government is working on it.”
of violence in Karachi exacerbates further with a huge
inflow and circulation of arms. Since 2009, there have
been calls for de-weaponisation of Karachi, but the situation
has only worsened. On July 6, 2011, Karachi Police recovered
87 Russian made hand grenades from a drum near a flood
relief camp situated on the Super Highway near the Sabzi
Mandi area. There are a thousands of illegal weapons hoarded
in Karachi, which need to be eliminated for sustainable
peace According to a November 30, 2010 report, Federal
Minister of Interior Rehman Malik acknowledged that there
are over 30,000 illegal arms licenses, acquired fraudulently
through corrupt officials, in the city – and that individuals
often hold up to 10 weapons against each such license.
Earlier, on August 1, 2010, Malik had said that “some
people in Karachi are keeping around 50 weapons on a single
licence”. Interior Secretary Qamar Zaman Chaudhry on January
24, 2011, told the Public Accounts Committee that out
of 45,000 weapons’ licenses issued in Karachi, only 15,000
were ‘legal’. In addition, thousands of illegal weapons
are smuggled into the city each year by a range of non-state
actors, including terrorist groups; armed, ethnic, sectarian
and political formations; organized crime groups, as well
as significant numbers of individuals.
has also been a shift in the nature of violence in Karachi.
The issues of ethnicity and control of power has shifted
and expanded to include sectarianism and jihadism.
Farrukh Saleem, Executive Director of the Center for
Research and Security Studies, observes, “To be sure,
the primary driver behind the current mayhem is political
in nature. Secondary drivers include sectarianism, ethnic
rivalry, criminal gangs, drug mafia, land mafia, and other
criminal elements and a powerful weapons mafia.”
these domestic and regional wars have strained the already
exhausted resources of this commercial city. The Islamabad
Center for Research and Security Studies in its January
2011 Report warns of the huge economic costs of violence
in Karachi, for the national economy. According to the
report, Karachi makes up over 50 per cent of the total
revenue collected by the Federal Bureau of Revenue, and
accounts for about 20 per cent of the total Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) of Pakistan. This high GDP is attributed
to the concentration of main centres of finance and industrial
production. The World Bank identified Karachi as the most
business friendly city in Pakistan. The Report observed
that Karachi’s economic potential has been seriously jeopardized,
and that there has been a flight of capital from the city.
state response would primarily require the Government
to pick up elements among its own allies, and even its
own ranks. Unsurprisingly, there is a complete lack of
political will to act against the extremists responsible
for the bloodshed in Karachi. With military operations
once again targeting the Kurram Agency in FATA, a renewed
inflow of refugees and Talibanised militants into Karachi
becomes likely. The spectre of increasing Talibanisation,
the entrenchment of TTP networks, and the further radicalization
and militarization of various political and sectarian
formations looms over this beleaguered city.
Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in
July 4-10, 2011
data compiled from English language media sources.
Coordination Committee prepares draft for
widening Anti Terrorism Act 2009: The
National Coordination Committee chaired
by Finance Minister A.M.A. Muhith has decided
to bring changes to a few definitions and
the provisions for punishment and preventing
financing in terrorism. The Home and the
Finance Ministries prepared the draft proposal
aimed at bringing changes to the Anti Terrorism
Act, 2009. Daily
Star, July 8, 2011.
Judum is illegal, says Supreme Court:
On July 5, the Supreme Court declared illegal
and unconstitutional the deployment of tribal
youth as Special Police Officers (SPOs)-
either as 'Koya Commandos', Salwa Judum
(anti-Maoist vigilante group) or any other
force - in the fight against the Maoist
insurgency, and ordered their immediate
disarming. The ruling - issued by Justices
B. Sudershan Reddy and S.S. Nijjar on the
writ petition filed by social anthropologist
Professor Nandini Sundar and others - strongly
indicted Chhattisgarh for violating constitutional
principles in arming youth who had passed
only the fifth standard and conferring on
them the powers of police. The
Hindu, July 6, 2011.
declares Nagaland "disturbed area" for another
year: Union Government has said that
State of Nagaland was declared a "disturbed
area" for a further period of one year with
effect from June 30 under the Armed Forces
(Special Powers) Act, 1958. This was decided
during a meeting of the Joint Monitoring
Group which was held to oversee the implementation
of agreed ground Rules of Suspension of
Operation (SoO) on June 23 at New Delhi.
Post, July 7, 2011.
worth INR 27.32 billion initiated in 60
Naxal-affected Districts: The Integrated
Action Plan (IAP) under which the Centre
has directly released INR 15 billion to
Naxal [Left Wing Extremism]-affected Districts
has resulted in the initiation of works
worth INR 27.32 billion in 60 Naxal-affected
Districts. This initiative was piloted by
Union Home Minister P Chidambaram and was
cleared by the Union Cabinet. Economic
Times, July 9, 2011.
political issue, elections no solution",
reiterates Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister
Omar Abdullah: Reiterating that Jammu
and Kashmir (J&K) is a political issue which
needs a political solution, Chief Minister
(CM) Omar Abdullah on July 7 said the origin
of the issue is linked with India, Pakistan
and the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The
CM said that he has made it clear time and
again that the elections, whether of Parliament,
State Legislature or Panchayats, are not
answer to the resolution of political issues
of J&K. Daily
always ready for talks with Maoists, says
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee:
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
gave a call to the Communist Party of India-Maoist
(CPI-Maoist) to lay down arms, saying her
Government was 'always ready' for talks.
"The Government will not act in a revengeful
manner and is always ready for talks. Those
willing to surrender will be offered rehabilitation
and a special package," the chief minister
the Maoists said that CM Banerjee would
first have to create a congenial atmosphere
for dialogue. Times
of India, July 8-9,
Home Minister P. Chidambaram calls for unified
anti-Naxal approach: Union Home Minister
P Chidambaram on July 4 asked Left-Wing
Extremism (LWE)-hit States to adopt a unified
approach to deal with the Communist Party
of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist), underlining
that while some states had performed well,
there were some who had fared poorly in
anti-Naxal (LWE) operations. Though Chidambaram
did not specifically name under-performing
States, his appeal at a review meeting with
Police chiefs of nine LWE-hit States, is
seen as directed against West Bengal and
Bihar, where evolving political ideologies
have apparently forced a go-slow in pro-active
operations against Maoists. Economic
Times, July 5, 2011.
106 militants and 12 SFs among 12o persons
killed during the week in FATA: At least
seven militants were killed on July 9 when
the Security Forces (SFs) pounded their
hideouts during the ongoing Operation Koh-e-Sofaid
(White Mountain) in Kurram Agency of Federally
Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA). In addition,
three Lashkar-e-Islam (LI) militant were
killed when a tribal lashkar (militia)
attacked their positions in Tirah valley
of Khyber Agency.
quoting officials sources reported on July
9 that 42 militants and eight soldiers were
killed in the four days of air and ground
offensive during Operation Koh-e-Sofaid
(White Mountain) in Jawaki, Mantao and Sarkat
areas of central Kurram Agency.
least four persons were killed during clashes
between LI and volunteers of Zakhakhel tribal
lashkar in Tirah valley of Khyber
Agency on July 7.
militants have been killed since SFs launched
the Operation Koh-i-Sufaid in central Kurram
Agency on July 3, military officials said
on July 6.
suspected militants were killed and two
others injured when a US drone fired missiles
at a guesthouse in Hormuz village of Mir
Ali tehsil (revenue unit) in North
Waziristan Agency in the night of July 5.
persons including three militants and one
paramilitary soldier were killed when dozens
of Taliban from Afghanistan launched a pre-dawn
attack on a security post in the Kitkot
area of the Mamoond tehsil (revenue
unit) in Bajaur Agency on July 4.
July 5-11, 2011.
persons killed in Sindh during the week:
A total of 122 persons were killed in Sindh.
14 persons were killed in Karachi on July
5; another 25 on July 6; 36 on July 7; 35
on July 8; 4 on July 9 and five on July
July 5-11, 2011.
militants and eight civilians among 67 persons
killed during the week in FATA: Up to
600 terrorists from Afghanistan attacked
two Pakistani villages, Nusrat Dara and
Kharo in Upper Dir District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
on July 6, targeting soldiers and pro-Government
tribal militia. "According to reports from
the two villages, between 550-600 terrorists
launched the attack at around 5 in the morning
and the fighting continued for several hours,"
Police official Abdul Sattar said. Two schools
and a mosque were destroyed Nusrat Dara,
while a school was destroyed in the adjoining
village of Saro Kili. Pakistani Security
Forces killed three terrorists and arrested
three others, said Ghulam Muhammad, a Government
Official in Upper Dir. In addition, two
members of a militia fighting the terrorists
were killed and two others wounded, Ghulam
added. Another official said four pro-Government
tribesmen who fought along with troops were
wounded in the attack.
in retaliation to the attack by the Afghan
militants, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan
(TTP) crossed over from Pakistan and attacked
Police posts in the Kamdesh District of
Nuristan Province in eastern Afghanistan
killing 33 Policemen and five civilians.
"The report we have now from the area is
that 33 border Police and five civilians,
two of them women, have been killed," said
Nuristan Provincial Governor Jamaluddin
Badr, adding, "About 40 rebels, most of
them belonging to the TTP, also died in
the two days of cross-border clashes." Dawn;
July 5-11, 2011.
warns Foreign Office against giving India
data: Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI)
on July 9 warned the Foreign Office to stop
Pakistan's high commission in New Delhi
from sharing details and information about
the group with the Indian Government, Police
sources said. HuJI threatened that it would
carry out attacks on the Foreign Office,
Foreign Secretary, the high commission in
Delhi and High Commissioner Shahid Malik
if its demand was not met. According to
sources, the warning was given in a handwritten
letter addressed to Foreign Secretary Salman
July 10, 2011.
may try bomb implants to attack, says US
security official: Terrorists are showing
renewed interest in using a bomb surgically
implanted inside a passenger's body to blow
up a commercial flight, though there is
no indication an attack is imminent, an
unnamed United States (US) security official
said on July 6. "The Department of Homeland
Security has identified a potential threat
from terrorists who may be considering surgically
implanting explosives or explosive components
in humans to conduct terrorist attacks,"
added the official. Daily
Times, July 7, 2011.
Al-Zawahiri hiding in FATA, says US Defence
Secretary Leon Panetta: US Defence Secretary
Leon Panetta said on July 9 that he believed
Ayman Al-Zawahiri, al Qaeda's new 'chief',
was now living in the Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATA). He, however, conceded
that the most potent threat of future terrorist
attacks in the United States came from an
al Qaeda offshoot in Yemen, not Pakistan.
July 10, 2011.
believes ISI behind journalist Saleem Shahzad's
killing: United States (US) officials
believe Pakistan's spy agency was behind
the June 1, 2011 killing of Pakistani journalist,
Saleem Shahzad, who reported that militants
had infiltrated the military. The report
quoted two senior officials as saying that
intelligence showed that senior members
of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) ordered
the killing of Saleem Shahzad, to muzzle
criticism. One of the US officials quoted
by the New York Times described the actions
of the ISI as "barbaric and unacceptable."
Times, July 6, 2011.
York Times calls on US to get ISI chief
Ahmad Shuja Pasha removed: New York
Times (NYT) called upon the United States
(US) Government on July 8 to use its influence
to hasten departure of Lieutenant General
Ahmed Shuja Pasha, the chief of Pakistan's
Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) Agency.
"It should tell Pakistan's security leadership
that if Washington identifies anyone in
ISI or the army as abetting terrorists,
those individuals will face sanctions like
travel bans or other measures," it said.
July 9, 2011.
to hold back USD 800 million in aid to Pakistan:
The Barrack Obama administration will hold
back about $800 million in aid to the Pakistani
military because Washington is unhappy with
Pakistan's expulsion of US military trainers
and its campaign against militants. The
United States was suspending or cancelling
USD 800 million in aid and equipment -more
than a third of the USD two billion it gives
Pakistan for security assistance. Dawn,
July 10, 2011.
blacklists TTP: Canada on July 5 designated
the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) as
a terrorist organisation. Putting the TTP
on the terrorism blacklist is "an essential
part of our efforts to combat terrorism
and keep our communities safe," said Vic
Toews, Canada's minister of public safety.
July 6, 2011.
Ibrahim and LeT in Russia's list of terror
financiers: Russia on July 6 identified
underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, Lashkar-e-Toiba
(LeT), Harkat-ul-Jihad-ul-Islami (HuJI)
and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) as financiers
of terrorism through money laundering. The
list also recognises Jama'at-ud-Dawa (JuD)
as a cover used by LeT. Times
of India, July 7,
system to be revived in Karachi: The
country's civil leadership on July 8 directed
the Sindh Government to revive the Commissionerate
system in Karachi on urgent basis. It was
decided that the Provincial Government,
while pursuing the policy of reconciliation
with all political forces, would urgently
revive the Commissionerate system in the
Times , July 9,
solution to ethnic issue will be based on
13th Amendment, says Minister Douglas Devananda:
A Tamil Minister in the Sri Lankan Government
said on July 7 that the political solution
to the ethnic issue would be based on the
13th Amendment to the Constitution. Traditional
Industries and Small Enterprises Minister
Douglas Devananda told parliament that there
would be devolution of power under the 13th
Page, July 8, 2011.
trying to revive conflict, says Prime Minister
D. M. Jayaratna: The Prime Minister
D. M. Jayaratna on July 5 said that some
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
cadres, who fled during the final stages
of the war, are still at large and search
operations are underway to locate them.
Jayaratna told the parliament that even
though the war against the LTTE was over
there are attempts by some groups to revive
the conflict once again. The Prime Minister
also expressed fear that separatist groups
may attempt to convince the rehabilitated
ex-combatants to take up arms again.
Page, July 6, 2011.
Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that
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terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on
counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on
related economic, political, and social issues, in the South
SAIR is a project
of the Institute
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