Justice in Jeopardy | Deepening Imbroglio | South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR), Vol. No. 11.1
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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 11, No. 1, July 10, 2012

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Justice in Jeopardy
Sanchita Bhattacharya
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

Since it took charge on January 6, 2009, the Awami League (AL) led coalition Government in Bangladesh, under the leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed, has embarked on the arduous and grueling road of War Crime Trials (WCT) for atrocities committed during the Liberation War of March 25-December 16, 1971, as promised in its “Charter for Change” in its 2008 Election Manifesto. The WCT process has now reached a crucial juncture, with the indictment, on June 21, 2012, of Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) leader Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed, the latest among the “erroneous eight” – the most prominent offenders – on charges of war crime.

The International Crimes Tribunal (ICT), established on March 25, 2010, has so far indicted eight high-profile political figures, including six JeI leaders – Nayeb-e-Ameer (Deputy Chief) Delawar Hossain Sayeedi (on October 3, 2011); former JeI chief Golam Azam (on May 13, 2012); present JeI chief Motiur Rahman Nizami (on May 28, 2012); JeI General Secretary Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed (on June 21, 2012); JeI assistant secretaries Mohammed Quamaruzzaman (on June 4, 2012); and Quader Mollah (on May 28, 2012); as well as two Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) political figures and lawmakers – Salauddin Quader Chowdhury (on April 4, 2012) and Abdul Alim (on June 11, 2012).

20 charges including genocide and crime against humanity, have been framed against Delawar Hossain Sayeedi. According to one charge, on May 4, 1971, Sayeedi, as a member of a group of individuals as well as a member of a ‘Peace Committee’, gave secret information to the Pakistan Army about the gathering of some people behind the Madhya Masimpur bus-stand under Pirojpur Sadar Police Station in Pirojpur District. After the arrival of Pakistani Army troops, he took them to the back of the Madhya Masimpur bus stand and, in a planned way, killed 20 unnamed civilians by firing. He was also charged for the capture of 14 Hindus in the Hindu Para area of Parerhat Bazar under Pirozpur Sadar Police Station and handing them over to the Pakistani Army, who later killed them.

Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, the second to be indicted, faces 23 charges of killing. In one case, Chowdhury and his accomplices, on April 13, 1971, led a group of Pakistani soldiers to Unsatter Para under the Rowjan Police Station in Chittagong District, where they brought the local Hindu people to the bank of a pond behind the house of Khitish Mohajan, after which 70 persons were killed in indiscriminate firing in Chowdhury’s presence. 50 of the victims were identified. Similarly, on April 20, 1971, the Pakistani Army and the Razakars on the direction of Salauddin and his father Fazlul Qader Chowdhury, jointly attacked Sakhpura village under Boalkhali Police Station in Chittagong District, firing indiscriminately and using bayonets to kill people who had political and religious difference with them. As the villagers took shelter in the nearby forest and paddy field, they were chased and killed.  An unspecified number of persons were killed, of which 76 were identified. On June 7, 1971, one Omar Faruk was kidnapped from Jamal Khan Road by Salauddin, his father and Razakar Maksudur Rahman, with the help of Pakistan Army personnel, and was taken to the Goods Hill torture centre, which was under the control of Salauddin and his father. Omar was tortured and subsequently killed on Salauddin’s order.

Golam Azam has been indicted on five charges (murder and torture of unarmed people, conspiracy, planning, incitement and complicity to commit genocide). According to the prosecution, Ghulam Azam, who was the then Ameer (chief) of JeI (East Pakistan) and a central leader of the ‘Peace Committee’, in an ‘official letter’ ordered the killing of a Police officer Siru Miah and his son, as they were freedom fighters. The charge sheet stated that, under Azam’s direct instruction, Siru Miah, Anwar Kamal, Nazrul Islam, and Abul Kashem were killed, along with another 34 persons, in Pourotola area of Brahmanbaria District. Anwar Kamal was tortured before his execution.

Motiur Rahman Nizami was indicted on 16 charges including murder and torture of unarmed people. In one case, on April 16, 1971, with Nizami’s help, Nizami’s associates and Pakistan Army personnel attacked Arpara and Vutergari villages under the Ishwardi Police Station in Pabna District and killed 21 unarmed civilians. Again, on November 27, 1971, Nizami, along with Razakars and Pakistan Army troopers, raided the house of Dr. Abdul Awal and other adjacent houses in the Dhulaura Village (Pabna District) on the pretext of searching out freedom-fighters. Along with his accomplices, Nizami got hold of a number of men, women and children, and brought them to the Dhulaura School field, where 30 people were shot dead. After departure of Pakistani Army forces, Nizami and his Razakars caught another 22 unarmed persons, took them to the bank of river Isamoti, and had them bayoneted to death.

The next to be indicted was Quader Mollah with six charges of murder and mass killing, including the incident of March 27, 1971, when he and his aides murdered the pro-liberation poet Meherun Nesa, her mother and two brothers, at their house at Mirpur-6, Mirpur District. Again, on November 25, 1971, he and his gang killed ‘hundreds’ of unarmed people of Khanbari and Ghotan Char villages, of which, 24 persons have been identified. Earlier, on April 24, 1971, he led members of Pakistan Army to the Alubdi village of Mirpur, where 344 unarmed persons were then killed.

Mohammed Quamaruzzaman has been indicted on seven charges of genocide. In one case, on July 25, 1971, Qamaruzzaman and his accomplices killed 120 men and raped 170 women at Sohagpur, a village in Nalitabari in Sherpur District. The village later became known as the “Widows’ Village”. Quamaruzzaman also faces the charge of torturing and killing Golam Mostafa Talukder, a freedom fighter from Sherpur. On return from India, where he was trained to fight for the independence of Bangladesh, Talukder was abducted from Sherpur College Intersection, on August 23, 1971. Later, he was taken to the house of Surendra Mohan Saha, which was used as an Al-Badr Camp, where he was brutally tortured and shot to death. Quamaruzzaman was also indicted for forcing Sherpur College teacher Syed Abdul Hannan to walk almost naked on the roads of Sherpur town.

Abdul Alim, has been charged in 17 cases of genocide, murder and burying people alive. On April 26, 1971, Alim, the then local ‘Peace Committee’ chairman, accompanied by other members of the committee and Pakistani Army personnel, launched a surprise attack on Hindus in Korai and Kadipur localities of Joypurhat District, resulting in damage to property, looting and arson, thereby created havoc. Subsequently, Alim and his accomplices brought the Hindu civilians out of their homes, lined them up and shot dead 370 of them. In May, 1971, Abdul Alim accompanied by Pakistan Army Major Afzal and other accomplices arranged a meeting at Uttarhat Shahor under Khetlal and delivered a provocative speech that triggered the looting of assets of the Hindus. After Alim’s incitement, members of the ‘Peace Committee’, the Razakars and Pakistani Army personnel attacked the Hindu-dominated neighbourhoods of Uttarhat Shahor, Harunjahat and surrounding areas, and apprehended 10 Hindus, who were later killed on Alim's orders. Alim, along with ‘Peace Committee’ members, Pakistani troops, Razakarss and Major Afzal, posed for a photograph at an open site on the west of Joypurhat Railway Station, with 26 detainees, suspected to be freedom-fighter. The photo shows arms laid out in front of them. Thereafter, Alim consulted with Major Afzal, following which the 26 detainees were taken to Joypurhat College and killed.

The ICT indicted Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed on 32 charges of abduction, killing of intellectuals, murder, arson attacks, torture, persecution and abetment. Mojaheed, along with his associates and Pakistan Army personnel, attacked three villages – Majhidangi, Baidyadangi and Balidangi – under the Charbhadrason Police Station, in his home District Faridpur in May in 1971, killed 50 to 60 Hindus, and set ablaze 300 to 350 houses. Mojaheed was also the mastermind behind the systematic extermination of Bengali intellectuals, including noted journalist Sirajuddin Hossian, the then executive editor of the Daily Ittefaq, who was abducted by Mohaheed’s accomplices from his rented house at Chamelibagh in Dhaka city, and later believed to have been murdered (his body was never recovered). Music composer Altaf Mahmud was also abducted from Outer Circular Road in the capital and later on murdered at the Old MP Hostel in Nakhalpara area of Dhaka City.

If proved guilty the accused could be sentenced to death under the law. All the accused have pleaded “not guilty”.

In order to hasten the trial process so that it is completed within the present tenure of the AL Government, a second bench, ICT-2, was constituted on March 22, 2012. Daily Star, on March 26, 2012, observed, “Since the beginning of the trial of war crimes in 2010, many political parties and organisations had been demanding speeding up of the trial of war criminals”. 

However, though the legal processes continue, those who opposed Bangladesh’s independence in 1971, and now oppose the WCT process, are gaining confidence that the trials will come to a halt with a change in the regime after the General Elections of 2013. Both BNP and JeI have dismissed the ICT as a “show trial”. Accordingly, in a tactical response to the ongoing trials, BNP is trying to gather support against the AL Government, so that the remaining 14 months before the Elections are handed over to a Caretaker Government. On June 25, 2012, BNP acting Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir stated, "BNP in no way will accept the next national election except under a caretaker government….The ruling party is hatching conspiracy to hold the next polls under the grand alliance Government so that it can stay in power by manipulating the polls.” He asserted, further, “BNP and the people of the country will not allow the next polls under any party government."

Unsurprisingly, a panic-stricken JeI, with its top leaders chargesheeted and jailed, has joined forces with the BNP, expressing vociferous support for the WCT accused. The JeI has also appealed to its Islamist ideological base, with Golam Parwar, JeI’s Assistant Secretary General, claiming, on June 1, 2012, that the Government was using the WCT to suppress Jamaat supporters, having failed to face the largest Islamic political party ideologically. He cautioned that the Government’s efforts would prove abortive.

The BNP-JeI combine have also sought to draw international attention to the WCTs, and have mobilized international human rights groups, who have called on the Bangladesh Government to ensure that the tribunal is ‘free and impartial’. New York based Human Rights Watch has asked for changes to the Tribunal and its processes, including provisions allowing the accused to question its impartiality, which current law prohibits. The trial proceedings, so far, have maintained an ample measure of transparency, though questions have been raised about the credibility of some witnesses produced by the prosecution.

Amnesty International has also raised the issue of the right to challenge the jurisdiction of the tribunal. Amnesty’s Annual Report of 2011 noted, "Its (ICT) amended Rules of Procedure provided for bail, presumption of innocence before guilt is proven, and measures to ensure the protection of witnesses and victims. However, a constitutional ban on the right to challenge the jurisdiction of the Tribunal remained in force”.

In Bangladesh’s polarized politics, the entire subject of war crimes has morphed from a question of long-delayed justice, into a partisan political confrontation between the two principal and warring parties – AL and BNP. As a result, the intensity and vigor of public support has been lacking. Indeed, decades of truncating Bangladeshi history in the country’s school curricula, to exclude all reference to War Crimes during the struggle of Independence, have created a new generation that has no more than a vague and incoherent idea of the events of 1971, and the enormous brutality, not only of the Pakistan Army, but also of collaborators, which resulted in the slaughter of an estimated three million people and the rape of some 200,000 women. Some 10 million people from then East Pakistan were forced across the international border, and took refuge in India. However, the distortion and abuse of history by the military regimes of General Ziaur Rahman and General Hussain Muhammad Ershad, deepened further during the tenures of the BNP-led Governments, has done much to wipe out the enormity of the crimes committed during the Liberation War of 1971.  

The UN Human Rights Commission (UNHRC) Report (1981), published on the occasion of the 33rd anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, noted that the genocide committed in Bangladesh in 1971 was the worst in history, as stated in the “Report on the Findings of the People’s Inquiry Commission on the Atrocities of the War Criminals and the Collaborators”, of March 26, 1994. The UNHRC report observed that, even if a lower estimate of 1.5 million deaths was accepted, killings took place at a rate between 6 and 12 thousand per day, through 267 days of carnage.

There is a concerted effort, today, to stall or delay the WCT proceedings, and a rising apprehension that, if these do not lead to a conclusion before the next general election, the entire process will prove to have been a waste, as a focused and desperate JeI-BNP does everything in its power to undermine, delay, and eventually disband and destroy the Tribunals, restoring a criminal combine, many of whose members participated and collaborated in the genocide and atrocities of 1971, to power in Bangladesh. Such an eventuality would potentially eliminate all future hope of bringing the guilty to justice. 

Note: In the opening paragraph of the article, the Year of the Liberation War was incorrectly mentioned as 1975. The mistake is rectified on July 31, 2012.

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Deepening Imbroglio
Veronica Khangchian
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

With the signing of the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) between the Government of Myanmar (GoM) and the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) for the first time on April 9, 2012, and the extension of the CFA between the outfit and the Government of India (GoI), on May 3, 2012 (the CFA with GoI has been in existence since 2001), the outfit became the only outfit in the North east region to have entered into a CFA with two countries-India and Myanmar.

Under the Myanmar CFA, from May 14, 2012, the NSCN- K was granted ‘autonomy’ in three Districts of the Sagaing administrative region in the northwest of the country, bordering Nagaland and Manipur to its north. Y. Wangtin Naga, an NSCN-K leader from India who was one of the six signatories of the April 9 CFA, stated, "Nagas have autonomy in Lahe, Layse and Nanyang in Sagaing region and we are looking for self-administration in more Naga populated districts in Kachin." He asserted, further, that there were no Burma Nagas or India Nagas, but "Nagas are one and one nation struggling for one cause". NSCN-K cadres are now free to move unarmed anywhere in Myanmar. The GoM reportedly has proposed a 3-stage formula for the Nagas of Myanmar, including Ceasefire, Political negotiations and Economic development.

Significantly, the NSCN-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), under the leadership of chairman Isak Chisi Swu and general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah, which has been in talks with the GoI since 1997, has expressed some anxiety over the developments in Myanmar. The NSCN-IM Joint Council, on April 27, 2012, declared that the Naga people were "concerned" on the proposed talks between NSCN-K and the Myanmar military junta. According to the NSCN-IM leaders, it was under their legitimate leadership that a "unilateral ceasefire" had been reached with the GoM years ago.

The breakaway NSCN-Khole-Kitovi, led by "general" Khole Konyak and Kitovi Zhimomi, (which signed a CFA with GoI on April 27, 2012) has, however, no issue with the Myanmar CFA.  On April 17, 2012, the group issued a statement declaring, "the political destiny of Nagas of Myanmar should be left to his Excellency the president S.S Khaplang, NSCN (K)". Earlier, though, the NSCN-Khole-Kitovi had described S.S. Khaplang as a ‘Burmese national’ and asked him not to interfere in ‘Naga affairs’.

Significantly, on June 15, 2012, the NSCN-K listed reasons for split in the outfit on June 7, 2011 which led to the formation of NSCN-Khole-Kitovi faction. Wangtin Naga, ‘minister for information and publicity’ of the NSCN-K, asserted that the split was because of differences in political ideologies regarding talks with the Centre. He claimed that Kitovi Zhimomi, ‘general secretary’, NSCN-Khole-Kitovi, wanted to enter into dialogue with the GoI without S.S. Khaplang, as New Delhi did not want to talk to the latter, who is from Myanmar. He noted that Kitovi also wanted to settle the issue of Nagas in Nagaland alone, which was opposed by other leaders. The NSCN-K also claimed that the Khole-Kitovi faction wanted to settle for an economic package, compromising the ‘sovereignty of Nagaland’, which has been ‘pending’ for over 60 years. It also reportedly wanted the Centre to increase the number of Assembly and parliamentary seats in Nagaland (the present number of assembly seats being 60 and parliamentary seat 1).  Wangtin Naga observed that NSCN-K would not compromise on the sovereignty of Nagaland though Khaplang was not against any group or faction who wants to settle for financial or economic packages or an autonomous council. He cautioned GoI that talks with one or two groups would not permanently solve the Naga problem. Earlier, NSCN-Khole-Kitovi had claimed that S.S. Khaplang was ‘expelled’ from the outfit for his alleged ‘dictatorial leadership’.

Meanwhile, news reports on May 11, 2012, suggested that GoI, in a move to bring about a ‘final settlement’ to the protracted Naga problem, had proposed engagement with all three Naga underground (UG) groups — NSCN-IM, NSCN-K and NSCN-Khole-Kitovi – for peace talks. Joint Secretary (North East)  Ministry of Home Affairs, Shambu Singh, thus noted, “eventually all three factions of the NSCN would be invited for peace talks before any final settlement is reached.” 

Unfortunately, this proposal appears to have deepened the Naga imbroglio, with the NSCN-IM warning New Delhi against ‘toying’ with the ongoing dialogue with this group. A statement issued by the NSCN-IM strongly opposed the Centre’s decision to begin talks with rival groups Khole-Kitovi and NSCN-K.  Isak and Muivah had told the Centre that they would back out of the talks if a dialogue was initiated with their rivals. The NSCN-IM claimed that then Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao had assured Swu and Muivah that the other outfits were ‘already with’ GoI and outstanding issues were only with the NSCN-IM, which was why the Centre wanted to talk with the group. “Accordingly, dialogue started between the Centre and the NSCN and is running in the 15th year,” the statement added.

Sources disclosed that, according to the GoI, the best option was to work out a solution with the NSCN-IM, with which over 80 rounds of talks have been held since 1997, and then bring other groups in the loop. Consequently, a senior government official noted, on May 21, 2012, “We are likely to have a solution with the NSCN-IM in the near future and other groups will be asked to respond to it. R.S. Pandey (GoI’s interlocutor is talking to NSCN-IM) leaders”.  The Government's stand that the solution would be within the framework of the Indian Constitution, however, remained unchanged. 

Worryingly, NSCN-IM did not attend the Naga reconciliation meeting initiated by the Forum for Naga Reconciliation (FNR) held on May 26, 2012 in Chiang Mai (Thailand), due to the ‘unwanted’ development observing that the ‘clarification’ given by NSCN-Khole-Kitovi on the word ‘Nagaland’ as encompassing "all Naga lands" irrespective of national or international boundary demarcations "contradict" the statement made by 'general secretary' Kitovi Zhimomi after his group signed the ceasefire with GoI. The NSCN-IM, on May 14, termed the move by the Khole-Kitovi group, reportedly to seek a solution within the boundary of Nagaland, as "calculated-deliberate step to sabotage the hard-earned 14 years negotiations being held at the highest level of the GoI and the NSCN."

Meanwhile, on May 22, 2012, the NSCN-K also criticized contradictory statements by NSCN-Khole-Kitovi, declaring that these needed to be "viewed seriously as they are trying to confuse the Nagas and take them for a ride." NSCN-K stated that, during many meetings of the three groups – NSCN-IM, NSCN-Khole-Kitovi and Naga National Council (NNC) – Kitovi had "categorically stated time and again" that his group stood for the Nagas of Nagaland alone.

It is apparent that NSCN-Khole-Kitovi is unhappy with the ‘nature’ of the talks between NSCN-IM and GoI. Alezo Venuh of the NSCN-Khole-Kitovi pointed out that, since the formation of the FNR in 2008, NSCN-Khole-Kitovi had been "very vocal" that a meaningful reconciliation among Nagas would not be forthcoming as long as the NSCN-IM leadership "believed in having reconciliation process and political negotiations running parallel to each other." Asserting that the reconciliation process included all sections of Nagas, Venuh asserted that the same was not the case with negotiations between GoI and NSCN-IM "because Nagas are still in the dark about the core demands and the progress or lack of it." Stating that ambiguity and inconsistent politics had failed the Nagas for many years, the Khole-Kitovi faction declared that the "Indo-Naga political struggle” had entered a more practical zone, with NSCN-Khole-Kitovi making necessary preparations to consult all strata of Naga society to pursue a "realistic political solution" that was acceptable to the Naga people. They also made it clear that S.S. Khaplang, who was "impeached and expelled from NSCN on June 7, 2011", and who was in touch with the junta backed GoM to secure some sort of autonomy, "has lost all legitimacy" in the ‘Western Naga’ (India) homeland.

Interestingly, according to a June 6, 2012, report, Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio, in an interview on the peace process between New Delhi and the NSCN-IM observed that the under ground (UG) groups were fighting for sovereignty but had realized and reconciled with the reality that the situation was such that “we have to live in the Indian Union. That is why this is the closest moment for the Nagas and the Indian Government… this is the time for a solution.” However, he noted, further, that a piecemeal settlement would not work. Earlier on May 3, 2012, the Chief Minister advocated two separate solutions to the Naga problem, one with New Delhi and another with Myanmar, since the Nagas were divided between the two countries by the erstwhile colonial rulers.

NSCN-Khole–Kitovi seeks a settlement within the existing boundaries of Nagaland. The NSCN-K demands ‘sovereignty’ for Naga areas comprehending Naga dominated territories within India and contiguous areas in Myanmar. Reiterating its stand on sovereignty on April 24, 2012, NSCN-K declared that NSCN-Khole-Kitovi's "espousal" of Eastern (Myanmar) and Western Nagaland (India) was another ideology for further partitioning Naga areas, rather than "dismantling" arbitrarily imposed "artificial boundaries". It stated that NSCN-K would pursue the cherished goal of the Nagas without any "biasness (sic), preferences or territorial limitations". NSCN-K also stated, on April 22, 2012, that there could be no "reconciliation" at the expense of sovereignty stating that it (sovereignty) was not a "mere traditional concept". The NSCN-IM visualizes the integration of all Naga inhabited areas of Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam within India, and the Naga-inhabited regions in neighboring Myanmar under a single administration. Talks with the NSCN-IM have stalled on the contentious issue of the incorporation of Naga inhabited areas in the States neighbouring Nagaland.

Meanwhile, factional clash continues amongst the Naga militant factions. Twenty eight incidents of fratricidal clashes have already been reported in 2012 within and outside Nagaland, resulting in 37 fatalities (till July 9, 2012). The number of injured was 18. The largest proportion of fratricidal violence has been registered between the NSCN-K and the NSCN-Khole-Kitovi in Nagaland (22 incidents out of a total of 28). Earlier, a sharp spike in Naga factional violence had been registered in 2011, with 49 killed and 13 injured. With fundamental ideological contradictions between the principal UG Naga factions and unabated fratricidal violence, the Naga imbroglio continues to evade a durable settlement.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
July 3- 9, 2012



Security Force Personnel







Jammu and Kashmir


Left-wing Extremism








Total (INDIA)








Khyber Pakhtunkhwa





Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


No better ties until terrorism in Pakistan, says Indian External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna: Indian External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna, at his 30-minute meeting with Pakistani's Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar on July 8, in Tokyo (Japan) underlined the importance of swift action to bring the perpetrators of November 26, 2008 (26/11) to justice, saying New Delhi has given more concrete evidence against those involved. Mr Krishna, who met Ms Khar on the sidelines of a conference on Afghanistan, also raised the issue of Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) founder Hafiz Saeed's continued anti-India propaganda, official sources said. Asiang Age, July 9, 2012.

LeT militants massacred Sikhs in 2000, reveals Abu Jundal: The November 26, 2008 (26/11) handler Abu Jundal has told interrogators that it was Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) 'operation head' Muzammil Butt, then operating in Kashmir, who along with dozen terrorists in Army fatigues went to Chhittisinghpora village in Jammu and Kashmir's Anantnag District on March 25, 2000 and killed 35 Sikhs. The aim was to create communal tension in the Valley on the eve of then US President Bill Clinton's visit to India and also malign the Indian Army. Times of India, July 9, 2012.

1,791 cyber crime cases registered in India in 2011, according to NCRB report: The recent report by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) "Crime in India 2011" has thrown light on how the nation has fared, as far as cyber crimes go, as reported on July 5. According to the report, the numbers of cases that were registered under the nation's IT act in 2011 were 1,791 - a considerable rise of 85.4 per cent from the 966 cases registered in 2010. The report states that the highest number of cases were registered in Andhra Pradesh (349), Maharashtra came second with 306 registered cases, followed by Kerala (227 cases), Karnataka (155 cases) and Rajasthan (122 cases). Tech2, July 7, 2012.

ISI officer provided ammunition and marine training to 26/11 terrorists, reveals Abu Jundal: Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) operative Abu Jundal, who is under the custody of the Delhi Police, has claimed that the cartridges used by the November 26, 2008 (26/11) attackers was given to them by an ISI officer, named Major Samir Ali, as reported on July 6. Jundal revealed Major Ali came to Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) to hand over two cartons of AK-47 bullets to the terrorists who were to carry out the 26/11 attacks. Major Samir Ali came to the Beit-ul-Mujahideen camp in Muzaffarabad. Zee News, July 7, 2012.

'Deeply sorry if innocents were killed in Chhattisgarh', says Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram: Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram on July 4 defended the role of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in last week's (June 28) anti-Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) operation in Chhattisgarh in which 19 people were killed, but said he was "deeply sorry" if any innocent villagers were among the victims. Speaking to reporters after a cabinet meeting, Chidambaram said he was "deeply sorry if any girl, or boy or man or woman not involved with the Maoists at all has been killed". Indian Express, July 5, 2012.

21,000 militants killed during two decades of turmoil, says J&K Government: The Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Government has said that more than 21,000 militants were killed in the two-decades of turmoil in the state and over 3,600 civilians died at the hands of law enforcing agencies while maintaining law and order. Responding to a notice from the State Human Rights Commission (SHRC), the Home Department has said that 21,449 militants were killed in the state since 1990 till May 2012. Times of India, July 5, 2012.


Baidya describes his party as 'third force': Chairman of the newly formed Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, Mohan Baidya (CPN-Maoist, Mohan Baidya) has described his party as the "third force", claiming that it was capable of leading the nation. Speaking during a book launch in the capital on July 7, Baidya said his party emerged as the third force in order to give an outlet to the political deadlock. He, however, did not explain on what basis his party could claim third position. Nepal News, July 9, 2012.

Nepal Army starts integration of former Maoist combatants: Nepal Army (NA) started integration process of former Maoist combatants from July 4 as per the decision of Army Integration Special Committee (AISC) and direction of the Government. According to NA spokesperson Ramindra Chhetri, a NA team reached all seven Army monitored People's Liberation Army (PLA) cantonments accompanied by representative of Public Service Commission to start the process. Meanwhile, leaders of 22 opposition political parties jointly met President Ram Baran Yadav at Shital Niwas, requesting him to not to approve the budget to be presented by the Maoist-Madheshi Government. Nepal News, July 5, 2012.


42 civilians and six militant among 51 persons killed during the week in Balochistan: At least 14 persons were killed while seven others injured in a landmine blast in the Tooba Achakzai area near the Pak-Afghan border in the border town of Chaman in Balochistan on July 8.

Separately, at least six militants were killed and four others arrested in an exchange of fire and a raid in Mastung and Quetta.

Eighteen Punjabi-speaking persons, who were travelling to Iran, were shot dead and two others injured when Baloch Liberation Tigers (BLT) militants attacked their vehicles in the Basoli area of Turbat District in the night of July 6.

At least three persons, including a local government assistant director, were shot dead in a sectarian attack on July 4 in Kuchlak, some 25 kilometres from Quetta. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, July 3-9, 2012.

30 militants and eight civilians among 43 persons killed during the week in FATA: Militants on July 7 attacked a convoy of Security Forces (SFs) and killed four personnel, which was passing through Tiarza tehsil (revenue unit) of Serwakai sub-division of South Waziristan Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

Twenty four persons were killed and 10 others were injured in United States (US) drone strikes in the Gorwaik village of Dattakhel area in North Waziristan Agency on July 6.

At least four women were killed and four others injured, including women and children, in a grenade attack at a home in Malik Din Khel area of Khyber Agency on July 3. Daily Times; Dawn; The News; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer , July 3-9, 2012.

29 civilians and four militant among 35 persons killed during the week in Sindh: Five persons, including a Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) activist and a Pakistan People's Party (PPP) worker, were killed in separate acts of target killing in the provincial metropolis of Sindh, Karachi on July 8.

Nine people including an Intelligence Bureau (IB) officer and three militants of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP) were killed on July 7, in Karachi. .

Three persons, including a child, were killed in separate incidents of target killing in Karachi on July 6.

Eight persons, including a MQM-H cadre, were killed in separate incidents of target killing in Karachi on July 5.

At least five persons including two workers of the PPP and a Policeman were shot dead in a spate of target killings in different parts of Karachi on July 3.

Four people, including an employee of Karachi Electricity Supply Company (KESC) and a sympathiser of MQM, were killed in separate acts of violence in Karachi on July 2.Daily Times; Dawn; The News ; Tribune; Central Asia Online; The Nation; The Frontier Post; Pakistan Today; Pakistan Observer, July 3-9, 2012

Put pressure on Haqqani network, US tells Pakistan: The United States on July 8 pressed Pakistan to pressure into talks the Haqqani network, which it blames for attacks on US targets in Afghanistan. During their one-hour meeting, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar to put pressure on the Haqqani network, said a senior US official, who acknowledged that it was unclear whether Pakistan would step up its counter-terrorism efforts. "In terms of counterterrorism, my answer is we'll see," the official told reporters on condition of anonymity. Daily Times, July 9, 2012.

22 journalists killed in four years in Balochistan, says report: A workshop on 'Media and Civil Society in Balochistan' was informed on July 8 that the media in Balochistan was not free and journalists on professional duty often faced harassment at the hands of influential elements and different pressure groups active in the province. According to figures presented at the workshop, at least 22 journalists have been killed in the province during the past four years. The Centre for Research and Security Studies (CRSS) had organised the workshop in collaboration with the Association for Integrated Development. Dawn, July 9, 2012.

Karachi violence claimed 1,257 lives in six months, says HRCP: Despite tall claims of Government and Police, there is no respite in the targeted killings in Karachi, as according to the data of HRCP, targeted killings and other crimes have claimed at least 1,257 lives in Karachi during last six months. According to statistics compiled by the HRCP Karachi chapter, a total of 1,257 people were killed in the city during first six months of 2012, with 972 fall prey to targeted killings, which is 77 percent of the total killings, on different grounds, including sectarian, personal enmities, bomb blasts, Lyari gang war and abduction. While during first six months of 2011, the figure was 1,138. Daily Times, July 9, 2012.

'Will give moral, political and diplomatic support to Kashmir', says Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf on July 5 said his Government will continue its "moral, political and diplomatic support" to Kashmiris till the issue is resolved in accordance with their aspirations and UN resolutions. Ashraf made the remarks during a meeting with Chaudhry Abdul Majeed, the "Prime Minister" of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, an official statement said. DNA, July 6, 2012, 2012.

Pakistan reopens NATO supply route after US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's apology: Pakistan on July 3 agreed to reopen its border to NATO supply convoys into Afghanistan after the United States (US) Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that Washington was sorry for the loss of life in NATO arial attack on Salala border check-post on November 26, 2011. The announcement, following months of negotiations, will come as a relief to the United States and its NATO allies which need the routes for a planned withdrawal of combat forces from Afghanistan through 2014. Daily Times, July 4, 2012.

Stability and prosperity in Balochistan top priority, says Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf: Proclaiming Balochistan was top on his list of priorities, Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf on July 2 said bringing stability and prosperity in the Province would be the top priority of his Government. Chairing his first meeting on Balochistan crisis as Prime Minister, Raja said the self-styled independence of federal agencies is being checked by ensuring that they do not act independently in connection with law and order. He said the Federal Agencies were meant to provide assistance to the Provincial Government as and when required. Daily Times, July 3, 2012.

Civilian deaths from US drones 'lowest since 2008', say Bureau of Investigative Journalism: Fewer civilians have died in US drone strikes in Pakistan so far this year than at any other time in the last four years, a report Bureau of Investigative Journalism said. Three to 24 civilians were reported killed by American CIA drones in Pakistan from January to June, according to the London-based Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Reported civilian casualty rates have not been so low since the first half of 2008, when 12-21 civilians reportedly died under former US president George W Bush, it said. Dawn, July 3, 2012.


President Mahinda Rajapaksa calls on diplomats to counter threats from pro-LTTE Diaspora: President Mahinda Rajapaksa on July 7 said that despite the country having a concise foreign policy the threat of the pro-Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Diaspora in the West remains to be a massive challenge and asked the country's diplomatic envoys to counter them. The President said the Sri Lankan diplomats in overseas missions, especially in countries where, the pro-LTTE Diaspora is active, to be aware of the relentless campaign carried out by them to discredit Sri Lanka. ColomboPage, July 9, 2012.

International LTTE network behind Vavuniya Prison unrest, says Prison Minister Chandrasiri Gajadeera: The recent unrest in the Vavuniya Prison in Northern Sri Lanka is a well-planned conspiracy of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) international network, Prisons and Rehabilitation Minister, Chandrasiri Gajadeera said on July 3. He noted that the LTTE suspects at the prison have had in their possession satellite mobile phones and various communication equipment and added that some of the suspects transferred to Colombo following the incident were prepared to confess to that effect. ColomboPage, July 5, 2012.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

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