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Nepal Timeline Year 2005

January 1

At least 12 security force (SF) personnel are killed during a clash with the Maoist insurgents at Malbase on the Koshi Highway in Dhankuta district.

January 2

Five police personnel are killed and six others sustain injuries during a Maoist attack on a SF patrol team at Bangaon along the Mahendra highway in the far-western district of Kanchanpur.

January 3

Maoist insurgents are reported to have shot dead the Vice President of Maoist Victims’ Association (MVA), Jaya Bahadur Rawal, at a busy market area in the capital Kathmandu.

Three SF personnel and two insurgents are killed while four SF personnel are wounded during a clash in the Sangpang Village Development Committee (VDC) area of Bhojpur district.

January 5

The Himalayan Times, quoting Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) sources, reports that the SF personnel killed at least 140 Maoist insurgents during an encounter at Bankhet in the far-western district of Kailali. A statement issued from the RNA’s Pristana headquarters said the troops attacked a Maoist base at Bankhet and engaged in a three-hour long battle with the insurgents. Further, it said that around 41 dead bodies of the Maoists have been recovered.

January 12

Security forces’ kill a Maoist ‘area commander’, identified as Dambar Yadav alias Sandesh, at Bhajakhatol in the Saptari district.

January 14

Three civilians and one SF personnel are killed and two people sustain injuries when a bomb planted by the Maoist insurgents exploded at Ganja Bhawani in Bara district.

January 16

At least five insurgents, including an ‘area commander’, are shot dead by the troops in the Basti area of Darchula district.

January 18

Most of the schools and colleges in eastern Mechi and Koshi zones, including Dharan, Itahari, Damak, Dhulabari, Damak, Ilam Bazaar, are reported to have closed down as the Maoist-affiliated student wing, the All Nepal National Independent Students Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R), announced a two-week-long strike, till February 1 in educational institutions in urban centres.

January 19

At least 23 SF personnel and six Maoists are reported to have died during a clash between the two sides at Barbote in the eastern district of Ilam.

January 22

At least seven Maoist insurgents, including four women cadres, are killed in an encounter with the security forces at Gahariya in the Kailali district.

Maoists abduct at least 250 students and teachers from a high school at Rigaon in the Dhading district.

January 24

Three police personnel are killed and ten others sustain injuries when a group of 100-armed insurgents attack the police post at Haripur in the Sarlahi district.

January 25

Over half-a-dozen Government offices, including buildings of the District Development Committee office and the District Education Office, are damaged and two Maoist insurgents were killed when a group of Maoists attacked the army barracks at Mangalsen, the district headquarters of Achham.

January 26

Five SF personnel are killed and eight people sustain injuries in a Maoist ambush at Bhyaple along the Baglung-Pokhara highway in Parbat district.

Maoists abduct over 500 students and teachers from various schools to involve them in indoctrination sessions from the eastern villages of Kanchanpur district.

January 29

Six Maoists are killed during an encounter with the SFs at Sundarifata area in the far-western Kanchanpur district.

February 1

King Gyanendra dismisses the Government led by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and imposes emergency in the country. The King said that he was taking over direct power because the Deuba regime had failed to fulfill its mandate. "I have decided to dissolve the Government because it has failed to make necessary arrangements to hold elections by April and protect democracy, the sovereignty of the people and life and property," the King said in his announcement. Dead bodies of 14 insurgents are recovered from the encounter site after clashes occurred between SFs and the Maoists at Chisapani in the Dhanusha district on January 30.

February 2

King Gyanendra announces a 10-member Cabinet. In an announcement carried by the state television and radio, he named Ramesh Nath Pandey as Foreign Minister, Radha Krishna Mainali as Sports and Education Minister, Pravatar Shumsher Rana as the Finance Minister and Dan Bahadur Shahi to be the new Home Minister.

The Maoists while terming King Gyanendra's dismissal of the Sher Bahadur Deuba Government and imposition of Emergency as "medieval feudal autocracy" call for a three-day general strike across the country from February 3.

February 3

Nepal's new Government says that it wanted to resume peace talks with the Maoist insurgents. "We want to talk to the rebels and very soon we are going to initiate talks," stated Education Minister, Radha Krishna Mainali.

February 5

According to the state-run Radio, a cabinet meeting chaired by King Gyanendra adopted a 21-point socio-economic programme focused on "good governance and economic growth" and added the new Government vowed to crack down on corruption and ensure good governance but said multi-party democracy would only be restored and elections held once it had defeated the Maoists.

February 6

A Government statement released on the state-run Radio Nepal indicated that action would be taken against any opposition party or insurgents if they gave a call for general strikes aimed at disrupting normal life, adding that a state of emergency has been declared in the interest of the public to consolidate the state of law and order in the country.

February 7

According to Times of India, fearing a crackdown following the take over of all powers by King Gyanendra, a number of senior political leaders and Maoist insurgents have slipped into India's bordering States, Uttaranchal, West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand.

Kathmandu-based political scientist and former Ambassador to India, Dr. Lok Raj Baral, is arrested at the Tribhuvan International Airport while returning from New Delhi.

February 8

A RNA statement says that the troops have killed at least 13 Maoist insurgents in various parts of the country since the declaration of emergency on February 1. The statement claimed two insurgents were killed in Dailekh, one each in Pyuthan, Dang and Solukhumbu districts during operations on February 7 and eight Maoists - four in Lamjung, three in Sankhuwasabha and one in Sunsari districts - were killed on February 4.

At least five SF personnel are killed and over 150 inmates at the District Prison near Triveni Chowk in Kailali escape following clashes between Maoists and SFs.

February 9

The Government lifts order of house arrest against seven political leaders, including former Prime Ministers K. P. Bhattarai and Lokendra Bahadur Chand, Rashtriya Prajatantra Party chairman, Pashupati Shumsher Rana, senior Communist Party of Nepal (UML) leader, Sahana Pradhan, chairman of pro-left Nepal Majdoor and Kisan Party, Narayan Man Bijukchhe, chairman of Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP), Badri Prasad Mandal, and chairperson of NSP (Anandi Devi), Anandi Devi.

February 12

During his first press meeting in Kathmandu, spokesperson and Minister for Information and Communications, Tanka Dhakal, states that the Government would not make any fresh appeal for the Maoists to return to negotiations.

February 13

At least 12 insurgents and three SF personnel are killed during a clash at Jante in the Morang district.

February 14

The British Government in a statement issued from London said that it was recalling its Ambassador to Nepal for consultations.

The U.S State Department spokesperson, Richard Boucher said, "The recall of our ambassador, along with the ambassadors of the United Kingdom, India and France, who are also leaving Kathmandu today, I think is an indication of the deep concern in the international community about the recent developments in Nepal."

February 17

In a message to the nation on the occasion of 55th National Democracy Day, King Gyanendra states that it was the duty of all those who have faith in democracy to ensure a vibrant multiparty democracy through the conduct of impartial elections in an environment of peace and security and also added, "terrorist activities, coupled with politics far removed from the common man, gave a fillip to instability in the nation, putting democracy at risk."

Police arrests the founder president of the Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Centre, Gauri Pradhan, from the Tribhuvan International Airport after his return from Europe.

Villagers of Sirshihawa and Ganeshpur VDC areas in the Kapilvastu district reportedly kill 12 Maoists, including a district leader Ali Akhtar Musalman alias Dr. Roshan.

Six Maoists, including four women cadres, are killed during separate clashes with the SFs in the Shikharpur area of Baitadi district.

February 21

Approximately 12 Maoist insurgents are killed in clashes with SF personnel at Dakaha in the Sindhuli district.

Himalayan Times, quoting business sources, said that the blockade of Prithvi Highway was causing a loss of millions to the exporters every day.

February 22

RNA sources indicated that four insurgents, including a ‘Vice-secretary’ of the ‘people’s government’ and the ‘district coordinator’ of the ‘economic bureau’, were killed in an encounter with the SFs at Bangi in the Arghakhanchi district.

Citing security reasons, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, which has been working in Nepal for more than five decades, suspends its projects.

India and Britain suspend their military aid to Nepal.

February 25

Dead bodies of four insurgents were recovered while dozens of others are said to died during clashes between the former and SFs at various places in Kailali district.

Maoists target the Nepal Television’s regional programme production and broadcasting centre at Kohalpur in the Banke district, causing damage to the tune of crores of rupees.

The Kathmandu District Administration Office releases nine detainees, including two ministers in the erstwhile Sher Bahadur Deuba Government, in the presence of the Kathmandu District Court judge.

According to Kathmandu Post, the World Bank has informed the Government it is suspending the US$ 70 million budgetary support for the current fiscal year under the Poverty Reduction Strategy Credit (PRSC)-II.

Maoists withdraw their two week-old indefinite blockade of major highways with immediate effect.

February 26

Insurgents kill three brothers of a family at Masina in the Rupandehi district, charging them of being members of ‘resistance committee’ against the Maoists.

February 27

At least 10 soldiers are killed and an equal number sustain injuries during separate Maoist attacks in the Bara and Solukhumbu districts.

February 28

At least 48 Maoists are suspected to have been killed during clashes between SFs and the insurgents in the Ganeshpur area along the Nepalgunj-Guleriya section of the Mahendra Highway in Bardiya district.

SFs kill 11 insurgents, including two commanders Nabin and Sangharsha, during clashes in the Toraiyapur area of Kailali district.

Two children are killed and two others sustain injuries during a bomb blast triggered by suspected Maoists at Faktep in the Panchthar district.

March 1

SFs arrest 34 CPN-UML activists for chanting slogans demanding the restoration of democracy in different parts of Kathmandu city

The Indian Special Services Bureau (SSB) is reported to have arrested four armed Maoists at Laukahi in the Baharaich district of Bihar and recovered one AK47 rifle, two SLRs, one .303 rifle and one socket bomb.

March 2

The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of US, Donald Camp, says India has a major role to play in resolving the present stalemate in Nepal.

March 3

Government extends the house-arrest term of six senior political party leaders by two months.

March 4

Insurgents set ablaze and destroy 11 Government buildings, including those of the police, district administration and the general post office at Sandhikharka, headquarters of the Arghakhanchi district.

March 5

SFs destroy a major bomb factory of the Maoists reportedly manufacturing socket bombs and other improvised explosive devices at Chaulim in Chitwan district. Over 2000 IEDs, 320 detonators, four safety fuse coil, a sack of gun powder, 10 tins of explosives, a large quantity of raw materials, hundreds of domestic weapons, tools and electrical goods are seized during the raid.

March 6

A group of Maoists kill five civilians, allegedly members of an ‘anti-Maoist retaliation group’, at Kudarmatewa village in the Kapilavastu district.

March 7

SFs seize 1421 socket bombs and 2500 socket covers from a Maoist hideout at Chuha jungle in the Kailali district.

March 8

Nepal Police arrests at least 200 political leaders and cadres across the country for violating emergency orders and demonstrating against the King.

March 9

A statement from the World Bank says that continued assistance to Nepal would depend on the Government’s demonstrated commitment and capacity to implement reforms

12 Maoists are killed during a SF operation at Syabung in the Ilam district.

March 13

Troops seize medicines worth Rupees 500,000, meant for the insurgents from the Narayanpur area of Dang district.

March 14

Over 700 demonstrators are detained in various part of the country.

Maoists ‘Chairman’ Prachanda declares a month-long countrywide strike and also announces a programme of ‘countrywide mass mobilization and military resistance’ from March 14 to April 1 and a country wide general shutdown from April 2 to April 22 on the occasion of the ‘historic mass movement day in 1990.’

March 16

During a joint meeting, Indian Foreign Minister, Natwar Singh, and the visiting US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, indicate that they are in "complete agreement" that nothing short of full and early restoration of multiparty democracy in Nepal would satisfy them.

March 20

Over 300 political leaders and cadres are arrested during a nationwide ‘civil disobedience’ programme called by the Nepali Congress.

March 21

Former Prime Minister, Sher Bahadur Deuba, rejects the dialogue offer made by the vice chairman, Tulsi Giri, saying that he is in favour of direct talks with the King to resolve the on-going political crisis.

March 23

Home Minister Dan Bahadur Shahi says that the Government would no more ask the Maoists to come for negotiations and ruled out chances of the Government declaring an unilateral cease-fire ‘without improving the (security) situation’.

March 25

Government refuses to allow three political scientists, including former Ambassador to India, Lok Raj Baral, from flying to India ‘citing orders from the above.’

March 27

Insurgents abduct and later kill three RNA personnel near Jafe in the Ramechhap district.

Three children are killed and three others sustain injuries when a bomb left by the insurgents exploded at Mujevtiya in the Janakpur area of Dhanusha district.

March 28

150 Nepali Congress leaders and cadres are arrested across the country as they took out protest rallies.

March 29

Indian police arrest three Maoists, identified as Dipak Subba, Jivan Sapkota and Prem Pradhan, in the State of West Bengal

Over 42 political activists are arrested from different parts of Nepal as the agitating parties continued their protest against the Government.

March 30

Maoists shot dead a Deputy Superintendent of Police at the regional office of National Investigation Department in Pokhara.

A RNA captain, Arjun Palpali, is killed by the insurgents at Kawasoti in the Nawalparasi district.

April 1

At least 10 persons - six insurgents, two SF personnel and two civilians – are killed in separate incidents across the country. Insurgents detonate a bomb and destroy the telephone exchange building and injure two civilians at Barahathwa in the Sarlahi district.

April 3

Nationwide strike called by the Maoists reportedly affects normal life across the country.

April 5

Army conducts combing operations in several parts of the Surkhet district and recovers huge quantities of grains, medicines and lentils stored by the Maoists.

72 insurgents, including ‘district committee’ members and ‘chiefs’ of the village-level administration in Doholi and Isma Rajathal, surrender before the SFs in the western district of Gulmi.

April 6

RNA sources claims that SFs have killed 85 Maoist insurgents during various operations carried out in the last two months since the imposition of emergency.

12 political activists are arrested during a pro-democracy demonstration at Mangalbazaar in the Lalitpur district.

April 7

At least 25 persons, including four SF personnel, are injured during a Maoist triggered bomb explosion in the Nepalganj town of Banke district.

Troops repulse a major Maoist attack targeting a SF base at Khara in the Rukum district killing at least 166 insurgents. They also recovered three SLRs, 34 rifles, a SMG and over 500 socket bombs.

April 9

Insurgents attack the District Police Office, a SF battalion, district prison and also burn some Government offices at Charikot, headquarters of the Dolakha district, and freed some 30 prisoners from the prison.

Three persons, including an Indian citizen, are killed during a landmine explosion triggered by the Maoists at Gaur in the Rautahat district.

Two Russian tourists are injured during a Maoist-laid land mine explosion on the Chehere section of the Arniko Highway.

April 10

A child is killed and another sustains injuries during a bomb explosion at Padampur in the Surkhet district.

April 11

Maoist kill the officiating Chief District Officer, Balananda Kafle, at Guleriya in the mid-western district of Bardiya.

April 13

At least 60 Maoist insurgents are killed during clashes with the SFs at Dalphing in the western district of Rukum.

King Gyanendra asks the Election Commission to conduct municipal elections within the current year.

April 14

The All Nepal National Independent Students Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) declared strike forces all private schools to shut down.

April 16

Maoists kill ten civilians, including a child, at Baragdawa in the Somni area of Nawalparasi district.

April 17

CPN (UML), sets four preconditions, including the release of all political prisoners, restoration of press freedom, lifting of emergency and ensuring an environment for free political movement, before taking part in the municipal level elections.

Private and Boarding School’s Organization Nepal (PABSON) urges all concerned parties to withdraw the strikes in schools.

April 18

Maoist chief, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, rules out peace talks or a cease-fire with the Government.

Insurgents shot dead a Deputy Superintendent of Police of the National Investigation Department, Bishnu Pokharel, at Janakpurdham in the Dhanusha district.

April 19

22 Maoists and three SF personnel are killed during clashes at Rankot and Ramja in the mid-western district of Rolpa.

April 20

Three police personnel and a civilian are killed in a bomb explosion while they were attempting to clear obstructions placed by the Maoist insurgents at Mujeliya on the Janakpur-Dhalkebar road in Dhanusha district.

At least 18 people are injured when a group of Maoists hurl a socket bomb at a civilian gathering in the Nepalgunj area of Banke district.

April 21

Maoist leader and ‘central committee’ member, Muma Ram Khanal, reportedly resigns from the organization.

At least 61 detainees, including the former Deputy Prime Minister Bharat Mohan Adhikary, are released from house arrest.

April 22

At least 13 insurgents, including a chairman of the Maoist militia, Bhumi Raj Thapa, and secretary of the militia of Nawalparasi district, Arjun Pariyar, surrender before the SFs.

King Gyanendra grants audience to the Indian Foreign Minister, Natwar Singh, on the sidelines of the Asian-African conference in Jakarta, Indonesia. During the meeting, Singh urges the King to initiate a process of reconciliation between political parties and the constitutional monarchy leading to restoration of multi-party democracy.

April 23

Maoist insurgents kill five villagers accusing them of being members of the anti-Maoist "resistance group" in the Marchabar Semari and Thumahawa villages of Rupandehi district.

Five children are killed and three others sustain injuries during a bomb explosion allegedly triggered by the insurgents at Pakhapani in the Rolpa district.

April 24

ANNISU-R attacks schools in the Nepalgunj, Taplejung, Dang, Pokhara, Rukum, Butwal and Chitwan districts for defying their shutdown order.

April 25

Dead bodies of the chief of Madhesi Tigers, Ajay Yadav, and his close aide, Raju Mishra, suspected to have been killed by the Maoists are found near Bagmati river in the Sarlahi district.

April 26

Police arrest Gagan Thapa, prominent student leader and former general secretary of the Nepal Students Union, student wing of the Nepali Congress (NC).

April 27

Former Prime Minister, Sher Bahadur Deuba, is arrested by the SFs from his residence in the capital Kathmandu on alleged charges of corruption.

India express deep concern and says these developments would further complicate efforts for reconciliation between political parties and the constitutional monarchy in Nepal

The United States Country Reports on Terrorism 2004 retains the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) in its global terrorist watch list.

April 28

A group of around 100 Maoists kill three civilians and injure 17 others at Pipaldanda village in the Sindhupalchowk district.

April 29

King Gyanendra lifts the state of Emergency as per Article 115 (11) of the Constitution of 1990.

May 3

Newly appointed Pakistani Ambassador to Nepal, Sohail Amin, says his country has no plans to supply arms to Nepal to fight the Maoist insurgency.

Defying restrictive orders imposed by the local administration, over 1,000 journalists take out a peaceful rally on the occasion of the World Press Freedom Day in the capital Kathmandu.

May 6

Maoists kill Nepal’s top Hindu leader Narayan Prasad Pokhrel, chairman of the World Hindu Federation (Nepal chapter), at Dudharachha village in the Rupandehi district.

May 7

Maoists kill two senior SF officials, Lieutenant Rajendra KC of the RNA and Inspector Nirmal Gurung of the APF, at Rajapur bazaar in the Bardiya district.

May 9

A junior police officer is killed and over 30 police personnel are missing during clashes between the insurgents and SFs at Mirchaiya police post along the Mahendra highway in Siraha district.

Insurgents shot dead Bhagwan Das Shrestha, coordinator of the district level Monitoring Committee of Chitwan, at his residence in Narayangadh. Further, four insurgents, including two 'area commanders', are killed in separate bomb blasts.

May 11

US Assistant Secretary for South Asia, Christina Rocca, says that arms supply would be under review until the political prisoners are released.

May 12

Alliance of seven opposition political parties announce fresh nationwide protests beginning May 15 and adopt a seven-point code of conduct for a "peaceful joint people’s movement.

May 13

Insurgents shot dead a RPP member and former Mayor of the eastern town of Itahari, Gitanidhi Rayamajhi, at the busy Itahari market.

Two major donors supporting the community forestry programme in Nepal, Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) and UK's Department for International Development (DFID) have stopped aid citing the reason of monitoring problems at the field level.

May 14

Maoists abduct around 150 students studying in class 9 and 10 from a school in the Bhagvati VDC area of Baglung district.

May 15

At least 50 Maoists and two SF personnel are killed during a clash at Jarayatar in the Sindhuli district.

RNA set free some 600 students safely after conducting an operation against the Maoists at Niskot in the western district of Myagdi.

Four major donor agencies operating in Nepal, German Technical Agency, World Food Programme, Department for International Development and Dutch Cooperation Agency, decide to suspend work in the remote northern district of Kalikot in protest against the assault on two NGO staff by the Maoists.

May 16

At least nine SF personnel and 43 Maoists are killed during clashes in the Lekh VDC area of Udaypur district.

Six insurgents are killed during a clash at Ratnanagar Municipality in the Chitwan district.

May 18

The Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Trade Union Federation chairman, Shalikram Jamarkattel, withdraws all protest programmes, including 'indefinite closure’ of some industrial establishments and transport strike, from May 19-21.

May 19

Six insurgents are shot dead by the troops at Tatopani in the Jumla district.

May 21

SFs kill five Maoists in a gun-battle with SFs at Tamlisa in the Udaypur district.

May 25

SFs kill four Maoists each in the Ratamate area of Arghakhanchi district and at Naula in the Kanchanpur district.

May 27

Maoists kill three police personnel and injure another during an attack in Bhairahawa.

During his speech at Tribhuvan University, King Gyanendra calls upon the major political parties to come forward to take up their responsibility of protecting democracy from terrorism.

May 28

Insurgents kill a police personnel, Kaushilya Majhi, and her child in the Kailali district and also torch their house.

May 30

SFs repulse a Maoist attack targeting the security base of the APF at Gadda Chowki in the Kanchanpur district.

May 31

Maoists explode bomb and loot property worth Rupees 3.5 million from the house of an ex-state minister, Bikram Shah, at Khalanga in Jumla.

June 1

Maoists abduct acting chief of the pro-left political party, Jana Morcha Nepal, Min Bahadur Malasi, from Tikhatar in the Doti district.

June 2

SFs kill four Maoists, including two ‘commanders’ and one ‘area in-charge’, at Rampur in the Nawalparasi district.

June 3

Maoists detonate a ‘pipe bomb’ and destroy the repeater tower of the state-owned Nepal Telecom Company at Chhinchu in the Surkhet district.

Maoists abduct a Kantipur Daily reporter, Bikram Giri, from Chhangru in the Darchula district.

June 6

At least 36 civilians and three SF personnel are killed and 72 persons sustain injuries in a landmine blast at Mudhekhola in the Chitwan district.

Maoists kill seven SF personnel and injured at least 12 others during an attack on a patrol team at Masuriya jungle in Kailali district.

During a meeting with the visiting former Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala in New Delhi, Indian Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee said the issue of arms supply to Nepal would remain under constant review.

June 7

In Kailali district, 14 SF personnel, six insurgents and a civilian are killed during a clash between the insurgents and troops at Masuriya jungles.

Maoists hand over eight SF personnel abducted from Siraha district to representatives of the International Committee of Red Cross in the presence of human rights activists and local journalists in the eastern district of Panchthar.

Maoist chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda claims responsibility and expresses apology for the landmine explosion that destroyed a passenger bus in Chitwan district on June 6.

June 9

A group of armed Maoists loot Rupees 398,000 from the Bardia branch of Agriculture Development Bank Nepal and burn some 300 loan documents.

June 10

Six soldiers and two civilians are killed during a Maoist attack on a passenger bus near Narke river in the Mangaltar area of Kavre district.

CPN (UML) general secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal, call upon the Maoists for talks to work together for a constituent assembly.

June 12

Maoists shot dead a social activist and chief of the Jana Priya Campus, Ganeshman Palikhe, and his two security guards near Prithvi Chowk in the western town of Pokhara.

June 13

Eight SF personnel and six insurgents are killed during clashes in the Ghartichap area of Kavrepalanchowk district.

June 14

Maoists kill seven family members of a police personnel, including three women and a one-year old child, at Attariya in the Kailali district.

Insurgents reportedly abduct over 150 teachers from various schools in the Darchula district in the last seven days.

June 16

Three Maoist insurgents were killed in an encounter with the security forces at Dumrike in the Taplejung district.

Maoists abduct at least 200 youths from various Village Development Committee (VDC) areas in the Gulmi district to 'impart Maoist education'.

Pro-Maoist weekly Janadesh says the insurgents are holding local elections in its 'base areas' from June 19.

June 19

At least five SF personnel are killed during a Maoist attack on various Government offices and SF bases at Diktel, headquarters of the Khotang district.

June 20

The Communication Minister and Government spokesperson, Tanka Dhakal, warn the agitating political parties against aligning with the Maoist insurgents.

Senior leaders of the seven-party alliance ask Prachanda to shun violence against civilians and also invite Maoists to join the democratic political movement.

June 21

Prachanda says in Janadesh that India is not their ‘principal enemy’ in the context of the threat of foreign intervention.

Nepal Government files cases at the Appellate Court in Lalitpur against a dozen Maoist functionaries, including Prachanda and ‘Military strategist’ Ram Bahadur Thapa alias Badal.

June 24

At least eight RNA personnel and one police personnel are killed during a clash with the Maoists at Pandhare in the Bhojpur district.

At least five Maoists and a soldier are killed during overnight clashes at Rambhapur police post in the Royal Bardiya National Park in Bardiya district.

June 25

At least 12 SF personnel and six Maoists are killed during a Maoist attack on an army patrol team at Khandaha in the Arghakhanchi district.

June 27

The Royal Commission for Corruption Control (RCCC) acquits deposed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and six of his cabinet colleagues from charges of impropriety in distributing money to party cadres from the state exchequer.

June 30

Former Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala announces that he would "openly hold dialogue" with the Maoist insurgents to restore peace, irrespective of the consequences.

July 1

Maoists destroy the Bangla-Divela drinking water project in Arghakhanchi district.

July 3

12 insurgents are killed and two police personnel sustain injuries in a Maoist attack on Diktel, headquarters of the Khotang district.

Maoists release 25 civilians, including a UNDP employee, after a month-long 'house arrest' from Lakendra in the Dailekh district.

Villagers of Prempur in the Rauthahat district kill a Maoist insurgent, ‘area commander’, Babu Lal Chaurasiya.

July 4

Government appoints Joint-Regional Administrators in the Eastern, Central and Mid Western regions of the country.

July 5

Insurgents’ spokesperson, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, says that they will not target any unarmed civilians and political party members.

July 6

At least four Maoists, affiliated to the Madhesi Liberation Front, are killed in a search operation at Lablori in the Dhanusha district.

Spokesperson of the Indian embassy in Kathmandu, Sanjay Verma, confirms the report that India has delivered the first lot of non-lethal arms to Nepal.

July 8

Two police personnel and a civilian are killed in a landmine explosion triggered by the Maoists at Khurhuriya village in Kapilavastu district.

July 10

Two insurgents killed in an accidental bomb blast in the Pyuthan district.

July 11

Two children are killed and three others injured in a bomb explosion in the Pahalmanpur village of Kailali district

Maoists Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda says that his party is ready to collaborate with all political parties urged them to constitute an official ‘negotiation team’.

July 15

Maoists launch an attack on the district police office and barracks of the RNA at Soldierbord in Bhojpur, headquarters of the Bhojpur district.

During a week long operation in the Palpa district, four Maoists, a soldier and a civilian are killed.

July 19

Media reports quoting a statement issued by the Maoist chairman, Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, said the outfit's senior leader Baburam Bhattarai has been assigned the responsibility of ‘standing committee’ member. It also said that the ‘organisational status’ of insurgents, including Bhattarai, has been resolved "on the basis of forging new unity on new basis."

July 20

Four Maoists are killed in an encounter with a security patrol in the Julake area of Arghakhanchi district.

A Major of the RNA is killed and 11 people are injured in a landmine explosion at Todke in the Sarlahi district.

Condemning the 'royal take over', Norway cuts the planned financial assistance to Nepal for 2006 by 10 per cent and to immediately terminate the agreement on support for the Melamchi Water Supply Project.

July 22At least seven RNA personnel and two insurgents are killed in an ambush and the subsequent exchange of fire near Goltakuri Rajkot in the Dang district.
July 24In a meeting at Sanepa, the seven agitating political parties' alliance decides to conditionally accept the idea of holding a dialogue with the Maoists.
July 26

At least eight insurgents are killed during clashes with villagers of the Makwanpur, Dhading and Nuwakot districts during the last 10 days.

At least 16 civilians are injured when the insurgents hurled bombs at a public gathering in the Kadamandu area of Doti district.

The Royal Commission for Corruption Control (RCCC) sentences the former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and former minister Prakash Man Singh to two years imprisonment and a fine of Rupees 90 million each for alleged corruption in the Melamchi case.

July 27Spokesperson of the State Department of the United States, Sean McCormack, terms the RCCC as an extra-judicial organisation and says its verdict on former Prime Minister Deuba represents another setback for the restoration of democracy in Nepal.
July 28A district-level meeting between representatives of the agitating political parties and Maoist insurgents is reported to have taken place in the Humla district.
July 30Thousands of villagers along with guns, swords, and other weapons demonstrate against the Maoists at Kiranchowk in the Dhading district.
July 31

One person is killed and 11 others sustain injured in a land mine explosion at Dibarna in the Arghakhanchi district.

In an interview to The Washington Times, senior Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai says his party is not attempting a final military victory right now, but is working for a negotiated political settlement either directly for a democratic republic or for the election to a Constituent Assembly.

August 1

Government nominates chairmen and vice-chairmen for 47 District Development Committees (DDC) across the country.

World Bank signs an agreement to provide US $35 million to Nepal for infrastructure development.

August 4

A statement issued by the Indian embassy in Kathmandu informed that India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Nepal to provide over NRs 5 billion for a project in the development of infrastructure at the four border check posts at Raxaul-Birgunj, Sunauli-Bhairahawa, Jogbani-Biratnagar and Nepalgunj Road-Nepalgunj along the Nepal-India border within the coming three years.

Insurgents abduct over 100 civilians from the Liwang area of Makwanpur district to an undisclosed location. Further, 65 civilians are abducted from the Doti and Bajura districts during the past two days. Separately, around 223 civilians, including 150 women, are abducted by the Maoists.

August 5Speaking to the members of the Citizens' Peace Commission in Kathmandu, Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Kirti Nidhi Bista, said that the Government was ready to resolve the insurgency through dialogue and was aware that it had to be eventually resolved through negotiations.
August 7

India's Defence Minister, Pranab Mukherjee, expresses concern over the situation in Nepal and says that RNA's efforts to counter the Maoists are proving ineffective.

Maoists kill at least 40 security force personnel at Pili in Kalikot district

August 9

The RNA recovered at least 40 bodies of its soldiers killed in a Maoist raid on the Pili army base camp in Kalikot district on August 7-night. The Maoists also reportedly conceded the death of 26 cadres in the attack.

August 10

Ten more bodies of SF personnel are recovered from the clash site at the Pili base camp, taking the total number of SF personnel killed in the clash to 50. Four Maoists are killed in an encounter with the troops at Shri Bhimabar in Baitadi district.

August 11

Seven Maoists are killed in an encounter with the SFs at Arunkhola along the Mahendra Highway in Nawalparasi district.

August 12

RNA spokesperson Deepak Gurung disclosed that a total of 43 SF personnel were killed and at least 300 Maoist insurgents were suspected to have died during clashes at Pili in the Kalikot district on August 7.

August 13

Maoist insurgents abducts nearly 500 students from various schools in the Baglung district.

August 14

Villagers at Matiniya in the Banke district killed five Maoist insurgents, including three women cadres.

August 17

Unilever Nepal Ltd, one of the biggest Indian joint-venture industries in Nepal, closed its factory at Basamadi in the Makwanpur district from August 17 owing to threats from the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Trade Union Federation.

August 18

Six Maoist insurgents are killed and a SF personnel is injured in an encounter that ensued after a group of Maoists attacked a SF patrol team in the Deuli area of Dailekh district.

August 22

Four police personnel are killed and four others sustained injuries when their vehicle hit a landmine at Manigram in the Rupandehi district.

August 23

Maoists publicise the names of 60 Royal Nepalese Army soldiers, whom they had abducted after the attack at Pili in the Kalikot district on August 7

August 24

Maoists shot dead Ajaya Raj Singh, coordinator of the District Monitoring Committee, inside his office in Banke

August 25

Maoists killed a civilian, identified as Shambhu Chaudhary, at Bakdhuwa-9 in the Saptari district

August 26

Five security force (SF) personnel were killed and two others were injured in an improvised explosive device (IED) explosion at Khairanpur area in the western Terai district of Kapilvastu

August 27

Seven persons travelling in a passenger bus from Kathmandu to Dang were killed and three others were injured in an explosion at Surai Naka section on the Mahendra highway at the border of Kapilvastu and Dang districts

Three Maoists were killed and five others sustained injuries in an encounter with the security forces at Betali area in Sarlahi district

August 29

King Gyanendra, in an interview, stated that he was ready for a dialogue with the political parties but, as a precursor, the latter must clarify their position on terrorism.

August 30

Maoists killed a shopkeeper, Mubin Khan and injured another civilian at Deependra Chowk in Butwal town

A civilian, Jagat Bahadur Thing, was killed during cross-fire between security forces and Maoists at Basmadi-4 in the Hetauda district

September 1

In a joint statement, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Prachanda and General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), Ganapathy, appealed against "every evil design of imperialism and expansionism to repress the revolutionary cause of the oppressed people in Nepal and India".

September 3

Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, announced a unilateral ceasefire for three months with immediate effect.

September 4

Spokesperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Krishna Bahadur Mahara, speaking to the BBC Nepali Service stated that there is no prospect of peace talks between the Maoists and Government

September 5

Villagers of Chandani in the Kanchanpur district lynched two Maoist insurgents.

Expressing doubts over the Maoist ceasefire, Government spokesperson Tanka Dhakal said, "It is too early to be sure of the Maoist declaration in the context of past experience of declarations of frequent stoppages of terrorist activities not taking shape, for sustainable peace."

September 6

Maoists abduct more than 50 teachers from schools in the Hangdewa, Furumbu and Lingkhim villages of Taplejung district.

September 10

Maoists' chairman Prachanda accuses the Government of trying to sabotage the unilateral cease-fire and forcing his outfit to withdraw it. In a press statement, he said: "The royal regime has not only failed to reciprocate the ceasefire positively, but has started planned campaigns to sabotage it, to force us to withdraw the ceasefire at the earliest. It is compelling us to declare retaliatory attacks."

September 15

Maoist insurgents abducted an estimated 250 students on September 12 and 13 from the Chipur, Bhadrapur, Dewad, Divyapur areas in Dadeldhura district.

September 19

Vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers, Tulsi Giri, rules out talks with the Maoist insurgents. Addressing a meeting in Biratnagar, he said "it is impossible to hold talks with the Maoists when they are still carrying guns."

September 20

A group of ten international donor agencies decide to resume their programme in the northern district of Kalikot. In a public notice, the donors said they were now satisfied that there was safe environment for their staff to operate in the district. The aid agencies had stopped their activities in Kalikot on May 15, 2005 after two of their local staff, including a woman, were assaulted by the insurgents.

September 24

In the first incident of its kind since the Maoist cease-fire declaration, six Maoists were killed by the troops at Bahadurpur in the Palpa district.

September 25

Two Maoists were killed during clashes with the troops at Ausidada in the Tehrathum district.

Insurgents abduct over 200 civilians from Chhayakshetra, Karagithi and Triveni VDCs in Salyan district.

October 1

According to Kathmandu Post, the Government has "unofficially" imposed air travel restrictions for foreigners to the hill districts in the mid and far-western regions since the third week of September 2005.

October 2

The Royal Nepalese Army personnel killed a Maoist insurgent during retaliatory action in the Chokati area in Sindhupalchowk district.

October 3

Maoist insurgents shot dead a civilian, Laxmi Yadav, at Samanpur area in the Rautahat district. The mother of the victim sustained injuries after Maoists attacked her with sharp weapons.

October 6

Three Maoists and two SF personnel are killed and an unspecified number of people were injured during a clash between the SFs and Maoists at Dandakharka VDC area in the Makawanpur district.

October 9

The Election Commission announces that elections in all 58 municipalities would take place on February 8, 2006.

October 12

In a message to the nation, King Gyanendra directs the Election Commission to hold parliamentary elections to the House of Representatives by mid-April 2007.

October 13

Leaders of the mainstream political parties have reportedly opposed the plans for elections to the House of Representatives before mid-April 2007 saying that it would not resolve the present political and constitutional crisis in the country.

October 15

At least four Maoists, including a regional-level leader, are killed by the troops at Belbari in the eastern district of Morang.

October 16

Maoist insurgents reportedly kill a 35-year old woman, Saraswati Parajuli, of Baccha-7 Ghumaunedanda in the Parbat district.

October 18

Security forces kill a Maoist insurgent, 'area committee member' Bishnu Manange, at the Khalte area of Taplejung district.

October 19

In the Taplejung district, a Maoist 'area committee' member, Arjun Meyangbo, is killed by the RNA in the Dumrise area.

October 20

Two insurgents are shot dead by the troops in the Korcha area of Dang district after they opened fire at a security patrol.

Two Maoists are killed in a retaliatory action by the Royal Nepalese Army in the Jhenam area of Rolpa district.

October 22

Continuing its crackdown on the media, the Nepalese police are reported to raided offices of the largest private radio broadcaster in the capital Kathmandu and seized all its equipment after it defied a Government warning to stop transmission.

October 26

According to Nepal News, the Government is considering the proposal of granting amnesty to Maoist insurgents who have surrendered to the administration. A fresh surrender policy, with or without arms, may become effective from January 13, 2006.

Chinese Government has reportedly agreed to provide eight million Yuan (approx. Rupees 72 million) as military aid to Nepal.

October 27

Three soldiers are injured when an explosive planted by the Maoists went off at Parasawa chowk in the Rautahat district.

November 1

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) urges the Maoists for an immediate and unconditional release of Arun Chand, son of former Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand and Executive Director of Bashuling Sugar Mills. A statement issued by the NHRC said that the Commission received information that the Maoists abducted him on October 27 from Chuha village development committee of Kailali district.

Maoists beat a woman, Januka Bhandari, to death in the Simle VDC area of Tehrathum district.

A civilian, Laxmi Lal Pode, is shot dead by the Maoist insurgents, allegedly for playing cards during Tihar, a major festival of Hindus, in the Kavre district. They also have looted Rupees 30,000 and three mobile sets from the locals.

November 4

Maoists abduct and subsequently kill a woman, Nirmala Basnet, in the Ramche VDC area of Udayapur district.

Nepal has agreed to deploy nearly 700 personnel of the RNA along the India-Nepal border to check Maoist infiltration from either side during the third phase of Legislative Assembly elections to be held on Novemberember 13 in the Indian State of Bihar.

The United States has renewed its warning against possible "alliance" between Nepal’s major political parties and the Maoists.

November 5

SFs arrest nine Maoists from the Sunmai area of Jhapa district along the Mechi highway when they were collecting donations.

November 7

The insurgents have asked Arun Chand, son of former Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand and Managing Director of Basuling Sugar Mills, who was abducted from Kailali on October 28, to pay the local sugarcane farmers their dues for his release.

November 8

The SFs kill three Maoists in a retaliatory action when the insurgents attacked SF personnel in the Bhorle area of Rasuwa district.

The insurgents release Arun Chand, son of former Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand, after he agreed to pay Rupees 31.1 million he owed to sugarcane farmers by March 13, 2006. Chand also agreed to re-open the industry that is presently shut.

November 13

42 insurgents have reportedly surrendered along with various arms before the local administration in the Birgunj area of Parsa district. Standing committee members of the CPN-UML in a meeting chaired by General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal criticised King Gyanendra's speech at the 13th Summit of SAARC in Dhaka. Amrit Kumar Bohara, a party leader, stated that the King's address created "confusion" among the international community and his claims were "far from ground reality." Addressing the inaugural function, the King had said that the situation in Nepal was fast improving after the February 1 ‘royal takeover’.

November 14

CPN-UML General Secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal, has claimed that the Maoists are ready to disarm under United Nations supervision for election to the constituent assembly. He has also said that Maoists are analysing the weakness of their movement and are ready to join the mainstream of politics.

November 15

One SF personnel is killed in an explosion carried out by the Maoists in the Solabhanjyang area of Kavre district.The insurgents abduct 55 students and two teachers from two different schools in the Kaski district.

November 16

Maoists abduct 560 students and teachers from five VDCs located in the Taplejung district.

November 17

The seven-party alliance and Maoists have agreed on an election to a constituent assembly after the latter expressed their "firm commitment" to universal values of democracy.

November 19

One soldier is killed and another sustains injuries in a landmine explosion in the Dayagaun area of Kavre district.

November 20

Four Maoists were killed when a group of insurgents and SFs clashed in the Sapsukhola area of Khotang district.A civilian and one soldier were killed in the Manohari area of Makwanpur district when Maoists opened fire on a group of SF personnel who had reached the incident site where Maoists were looting passengers of 60 vehicles. One Maoist was also killed in retaliatory action.

November 22

The Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-Maoist) announces that it has entered into an agreement with the seven agitating political parties to "abolish the autocratic monarchy" and offered to accept ‘total democracy’, as demanded by the parties, and keep its armed forces under the supervision of the United Nations or any other reliable international institution ‘during an election to Constituent Assembly’.

November 24

Maoist Chairman, Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, in an interview with Krishnasenonline, stated that the understanding between his party and the seven-party alliance is "preliminary working unity" and it could rise as a long-term peoples’ front if everybody took it seriously.

November 26

A Maoist insurgent is killed in a clash between security forces and a group of Maoists in the Lamidada forests of Udayapur district.

November 29

Former central committee member and ‘division commander’ of the Maoist’s People’s Liberation Army, Kim Bahadur Thapa alias Sunil, and ‘battalion vice commander’ Nirmam are killed when a RNA chopper fired at a Maoist gathering at Jinabang in the Rolpa district.Maoists attacked a MI-17 helicopter belonging to the RNA at Burasay area of Damahachaur Village Development Committee in the Salyan district.

November 30

Maoists abduct 14 teachers of Rastriya Secondary School and Subhadra Primary School from Phakfok.

December 2

Maoists extend their unilateral cease-fire for a month from midnight December 2 when the three-month-long truce declared on September 3 would have expired.Three insurgents are killed after the SFs retaliated an attack by the former at Chichire area in the Sankhuwasabha district.One soldier was killed in an improvised explosive device explosion triggered by the Maoists at Jalkeni in the Sindhupalchowk district.

December 4

Security forces arrested Ram Prit Ram alias Bibek, a district level Maoist leader, from Bhorledanda in the Siraha district.

December 5

Two Maoists were killed in a clash with the SFs in the Dhuwankot VDC area of Gorkha district.

December 6

12 Maoist insurgents, including 'area commander' Arun Kumar Yadav, 'area committee' members Tarini Yadav and Ram Balak Pal, and ‘zonal logistic commander’ Mahadev Yadav surrendered before the district administration of Siraha.

December 7

Nepali Congress president Girija Prasad Koirala conceded that leaders of the seven parties held direct negotiations with Maoist leaders, which resulted in the 12-point agreement between the two sides.

December 8

Maoists abducted more than 100 Dalit (the lowest rung in the Hindu caste system) civilians from the eastern part of Taplejung district.

December 10

RNA Eastern Divisional Headquarters claimed that the troops neutralised a training center of the Maoist insurgents in Boghe area of Dhankuta district.

December 11

The Maoist-affiliated All Nepal National Teachers Organisation shuts down over 500 schools in the Dhading district indefinitely.

December 14

Cabinet spokesperson, Shrish Shumsher Rana, speaking to representatives of foreign media in Kathmandu ruled out the possibility of a cease-fire from the Government's side. "It is not the government that provoked the insurgency. So there is no question of reciprocation," Rana said.

December 17

Maoists killed two civilians, Shyam Sundas and Judda Sundas, at Timma VDC in Bhojpur district.

Maoists abducted a former British Gurkha soldier, Dan Bahadur Limbu, from Shaula area of Tehrathum district.

December 18

A Maoist insurgent was killed in an encounter with the security forces in Indre Gauda area of Gulmi district.

December 20

Vice chairman of the Council of Ministers, Tulsi Giri, rules out any possibility of holding talks with the Maoists. Addressing a press meet at Singha Durbar, Giri said the Government has not constituted any negotiation team as being reported by some sections of the media.

December 22

Maoists announce programmes to disrupt the municipal polls slated to be held on February 8, 2005, including "people's action" against both candidates and officials.

December 23

Two civilians are killed and two others sustain injuries in a landmine explosion at Phungling in the Taplejung district.

December 25

Nepali Congress president, Girija Prasad Koirala, says that the seven party opposition alliance is ready to hold talks with King Gyanendra provided the Government calls off the municipal-level polls slated to be held on February 8, 2006.

December 26

Two Maoists and a soldier are killed in an armed clash at Dumla in the Rolpa district.

A Maoist was shot dead by SFs during a search operation in the Shree Gaon area of Dang district.





Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.

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