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Nepal Timeline Year 2006

January 2

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 'Chairman', Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, announces the end of the four-month old unilateral cease-fire.

The first annual report of the RNA's Human Rights Cell, the RNA Human Rights Report 2061, has recorded 10,725 abductions and 72 killings by the Maoists during the last six months of the year. It also recorded 65 cases of explosion, 40 cases of extortion and looting, and 30 cases of threatening by the Maoists.

January 3

A civilian is injured during a series of Maoist-triggered blasts, including one at the residence of a Deputy Superintendent of Police in the western city of Pokhara.

January 5

Three police personnel were killed and two injured in a Maoist attack on an Armed Police Force (APF) security check-post at Ranjha chowk in Nepalgunj.

Two police personnel and a civilian were injured when suspected Maoists opened fire at them at Bhanu Chowk in Mahendranagar town.

January 6

Three APF personnel were killed and another sustained injuries when Maoists opened fire targeting a security force (SF) patrol at Bhairahawa in the Rupandehi district.

A Maoist was killed in a clash with SFs at Chandranigahapur in the Rautahat district along the Mahendra Highway.

January 8

Maoists killed two children, aged two and five, from the same family by detonating a bomb inside a house in the Pahara village of Dolpa district.

January 9

Maoists raided the state-owned Rastriya Banijya Bank’s district branch in Surkhet and looted over Rupees three million.

January 11

Seven police personnel are killed in a Maoist attack at Dhangadhi, headquarters of the Kailali district.

12 Maoists were killed in two separate encounters with the security forces in the Syangja and Tanahun districts.

January 14

12 SF personnel are killed and eight persons sustain injuries in a series of attacks carried out by the Maoists at different police posts of the Kathmandu Valley.

16 insurgents and a soldier are killed during clashes at Manakamana in the Syangja district.

January 15

One civilian was killed when a security patrol and Maoists exchanged fire at Kohalpur in the Banke district.

January 17

A Maoist was killed and two persons, including a civilian, were injured during a shootout between the insurgents and SFs in Tribhuvan Nagar Municipality of Dang district.

January 18

Following the Government imposed ban on protest demonstrations of the seven agitating political parties, 'Chairman' of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda said that his party would not resort to the use of force, infiltration or any other provocative activities in the peaceful programmes of the parties.

January 19

Maoists shot at and injured two police personnel guarding a police post near the Traffic Chowk in Mahendranagar bazaar of Kanchanpur district.

Over 150 persons, including leaders of the seven-party alliance, prominent human rights activists and student leaders, were arrested to prevent the alliance’s rally planned in the capital Kathmandu.

January 20

Six police personnel are killed and four others sustain injuries when Maoists launched simultaneous attacks on the BP Chowk security check post, Jamunaha Police Post and the Customs Office in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district.

The Government issues three month house-arrest orders against Nepali Congress president Girija Prasad Koirala, CPN-UML general secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal and Nepal Workers’ and Peasants’ Party chief Narayan Man Bijukche.

January 21

17 Maoists, six security force (SF) personnel and two civilians are killed in a clash between the SFs and insurgents at the Jhurjhure and Jyamire regions of Makwanpur district.

Three insurgents were killed in encounters with the troops in the Palpa and Tehrathum districts.

January 22

Suspected Maoists shot dead Bijaylal Das, president of the Nepal Sadbhavana Party, at Janakpurdham in the Dhanusha district.

January 24

Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) claims that at least 25 Maoists were killed and several others sustained injuries in a gun-battle in the Bhakunde area of Palpa district.

Two SF personnel, one Maoist and a civilian were killed and four SF personnel sustained injuries when Maoists launched simultaneous attacks in the Nepalgunj town of Banke district.

January 26

Five insurgents are killed when a bomb in their possession accidentally exploded at Shiva Nagar in the Siraha district.

January 27

At least 11 insurgents and two soldiers are killed in the overnight clashes in the eastern district of Bhojpur.

January 29

Two Maoists are killed in a clash with the SFs at Likawapokhari in the Khotang district. A woman was killed and another injured in crossfire between the SFs and Maoists in Nepalgunj district.

January 31

At least 11 soldiers are killed in Tansen, headquarters of the Palpa district, during overnight clashes between SFs and Maoist insurgents.

February 1

In his address to the nation, King Gyanendra said there has been significant improvement in the security and governance situation in Nepal over the last year and refused to give up his year-old direct rule of the country as demanded by the seven-party opposition alliance and has reiterated that elections will be conducted to all representative bodies in the country by mid-April 2007.

He said, “if those who have gone astray wish to rejoin the mainstream of peace and creativity, democracy and coordination, and if they wish to dedicate themselves in the service of the people through the ballot, abjuring their murderous acts against the nation and people, we make it clear that they will be given the security and opportunity necessary to shoulder the responsibilities of governance in their capacity as the people's representatives, having won the people's confidence through the universally accepted democratic exercise.”

February 2

An elected ward chairman of Biratnagar municipality, Triveni Majhi, was seriously wounded when he was attacked by suspected Maoists at Janapath tole.In the attack, a civilian, Dipak Gurung, was killed.

A suspected Maoist was shot dead at the Bus Park in the Dharan area of Sunsari district.

February 4

At least three persons, including two Maoists, are killed in an explosion at Mirgualia in the Morang district.

February 6

An Armed Police Force officer is killed and four others were injured in a Maoist triggered bomb explosion along the Mahendranagar-Dhangadhi Highway section in far-western Nepal.

February 7

At least five persons are killed when the Maoists attacked a base camp of the RNA and the Panauti municipality office in Kavrepalanchowk district.

In Udayapur district, five SF personnel and a Maoist 'section commander' were killed when Maoists attacked a patrolling team of the SFs at Simaltar in the Triyuga municipality.

Five SF personnel were killed and three sustained injuries when Maoists launched a massive attack in Dhankuta. The Maoists targeted the district administration office, regional administration office and all security agencies in the district, including the second brigade of the RNA.

Two Maoists were killed when they clashed with the troops at Lalpur village in the Suda Village Development Committee (VDC) area of Kanchanpur district.

February 8

Municipal elections saw an average voter turn out of 20 percent. Nationwide, out of 1,443,310 voters, only 284,225 cast their votes.

Maoists killed a police personnel and a civilian, bombed 12 Government buildings and destroyed the local bank in the eastern town of Dhankuta. Two Maoists were also killed in the attack.

February 9

16 SF personnel, four Maoists and a civilian are killed in clashes at Rambhapur area along the Sunwal-Butwal section of the Sidhhartha Highway in Nawalparasi district.

Two Maoists were killed in an encounter with the troops at Satdobato in the western district of Gorkha.

February 12

A woman was killed in a landmine explosion in the Murgiya area of Mahendra Highway in Rupandehi district.

February 13

Former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and former minister for Physical Planning and Works, Prakash Man Singh, who were put under custody by the Royal Commission for Corruption Control (RCCC) for alleged irregularities in the Melamchi Drinking Water Project (MDWP), are released.

February 14

Three RNA soldiers were killed during a clash with Maoists at Dhurkot on the border of the Nawalparasi and Palpa districts.

February 16

One civilian is killed during an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast triggered by the Maoists at Khumariya area of Madhuban VDC in Parsa district.

February 18

Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist announces an “indefinite political strike from April 3.

February 19

In a message to the nation on the occasion of the 56th National Democracy Day on February 19, King Gyanendra called on all the willing political parties to come forth to fully activate, at the earliest, the stalled democratic process in the greater interest of the nation.

February 20

Three Maoists, including a woman cadre, were killed, while a child standing nearby sustained injuries when a bomb they were carrying accidentally exploded in the Sarikhet VDC area of Makwanpur district.

Government extends the house arrest period of CPN-UML General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal by another two months.

February 23

Maoists shot dead a Nepali Congress (NC) activist, Bindeshwore Yadav at Santipur area of Dhanusa district.

February 26

16 Maoists were killed during a clash between SFs and the insurgents at Satyabati in the Palpa district.

February 27

Three SF personnel and a civilian are killed when Maoists attacked a team of troops at Kavre Bhanjyang area in the Kavrepalanchowk district.

Five persons are killed during a bomb blast in Mangalsen, the district headquarters of Achham.

February 28

At least 29 persons (18 Maoists and 11 security force personnel) were killed in a clash at Panena, a bordering area between the Arghakhanchi and Palpa districts.

March 2

Maoists trigger several blasts at four different offices in the Jhapa district. ‘Pressure cooker bombs’ were detonated at a local branch office of the United Nations World Food Programme and Government offices of the Land Revenue, Nepal Telecom and the Agriculture Development Bank. However, there were no reports of any casualties.

March 5

One police personnel was killed and over a dozen others injured when a large group of Maoists launched co-ordinated attacks on key Government installations, including the District Administration Office and the District Police Office in Ilam Bazaar, district headquarters of eastern district of Ilam.

March 7

At least nine persons were killed in a Maoist attack at Ilam district headquarters. According to a Ministry of Defense press release, two civilians, three soldiers and four Maoists were killed during the incident. The Maoists also set free all 103 prisoners, including 32 insurgents, after attacking the District Prison.

March 8

Four SF personnel were killed and five others injured in a bomb explosion carried out by the Maoists at a temporary security post in Ghorahi Bazaar of Dang district.

March 9

At least five Maoists were killed in an encounter with the security forces at Rangapur Kateni in the Rautahat district.

March 10

Seven soldiers were killed during clashes with the Maoists in the southern part of Ilam district.

March 14

The insurgents impose an indefinite blockade of Kathmandu and other major towns. Maoists ordered the closure of all roads to the capital, disrupting the movement of people and goods to the city. Consequently, vehicular movement in Siraha, Saptari, Udaypur, Biratnagar, Dhankuta, Jhapa, Ilam, Chitwan, Pokhara, Butwal, Nepalgunj and Mahendranagar was completely disrupted.

Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, expelled two senior leaders of the outfit, Ravindra Shrestha and Mani Thapa alias Anukul. Prachanda termed the two leaders "deserters of the revolution and servants of the autocratic monarchy and counter-revolution." The expulsion comes in the wake of accusations leveled against Prachanda and another senior Maoist leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai by the expelled.

March 16

One security force personnel and a Maoist insurgent were killed in an encounter between the SFs and Maoists in the Kakadbitta area of Jhapa district.

March 17

Maoists shot dead two civilians, Wakil Musalman and Murtara Dewan, in the Guthi Suryapur village of Nawalparasi district, on charges of being involved in supplying arms to the anti-Maoist village committee.

A 13-year-old child was killed in a bomb blast carried out by suspected Maoists at Kalaiya in the Bara district.

Normal life across the nation continued to be affected as the Maoists-called indefinite blockade entered its fourth day with almost all vehicles keeping off the main roads.

March 19

Representatives of the seven political parties and Maoists announced an agreement to launch a fresh agitation on April 6 against King Gyanendra. Both the sides made public the Memorandum of Understanding through separate statements. The agitation programme starting on April 6 includes a four-day general strike and civil disobedience movement, besides a large public rally in the capital Kathmandu on April 8.

Maoists withdrew the blockade they had announced in the capital and district headquarters. Issuing a joint statement, CPN (Maoist) chairman Prachanda and senior Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai said the party has called off the blockade and all other protest programmes with effect from March 20.

March 20

13 soldiers were reportedly killed during a Maoist ambush in the Dapcha area of Kavre district.

Two civilians were killed when an explosive placed by the Maoists to enforce their blockade exploded along the Biratnagar-Rangeli road near Loandra river in the Morang district.

March 21

Nine police personnel and three Maoists were killed when the latter attacked the Ilaka police post at Birtamod in Jhapa district. At least 22 police personnel were injured in the attack.

20 Maoists were killed in a security operation carried out by the troops at Dare Chowk area in Dhading district.

March 22

Two Armed Police Force personnel and three Maoists were killed in a clash at Urlabari in the Morang district.

March 23

Supreme Court (SC) upholds Section 9 of the Terrorists and Disruptive Activities (Control and Punishment) Ordinance of 2005 that authorises the Government to keep a person in preventive detention for up to a year without prosecution or trial. It also upheld the terrorist tag on leaders of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), approving the two-and-a-half-year-old Government decision to ban the insurgents. "

March 24

Two police personnel were killed when Maoists attacked a Ward Police Office at Mujaliya area of Janakpur municipality.

March 25

Suspected Maoists detonated a bomb at the residence of Assistant Minister for General Administration, Toran Bahadur Gurung, at Samakhusi in the capital Kathmandu.

March 27

Two Maoists and a civilian were killed when troops launched an aerial attack in the surroundings of Bagh Bhairav Higher Secondary School at Thokarpa VDC in Sindhupalchowk district to flush out Maoists

Two Maoists were killed in clashes with the security forces at Pandavkhani area in Baglung district

March 28

The RNA disclosed that over 8029 Maoists have been killed in security actions since its deployment against them in November 2001. Army officials informed in Kathmandu that of the 8029, 5086 were killed after the breakdown of cease-fire in August 2003. An additional 1723 Maoists were killed thus far, including 401 of them since September 3, 2005 when the insurgents had declared a unilateral truce. 635 army personnel lost their lives since the breakdown of peace talks in August 2003 till March 28, 2006.

March 30

Two security force personnel and one Maoist were killed during clashes at Bagmati checkpoint bordering the Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.

Suspected Maoists shot dead a former police personnel at Bhanu Chowk in the Dang district headquarters, Ghorahi

April 1

Two police personnel were killed and two persons were injured when Maoist insurgents attacked a police post at Gaur, headquarters of the Rautahat district

April 3

Communist Party of Nepal- Maoist (CPN-Maoist) announced that it would observe a unilateral cease-fire within the Kathmandu valley with effect from April 3-evening until further notice.

April 4

Two Maoists were killed in an encounter with the security forces in the Naumule area of Dailekh district

April 5

Five police personnel and four Maoists were killed during clashes at Malangwa, headquarters of the Sarlahi district

Six security force personnel were killed when an improvised explosive device planted by the Maoists exploded near Surunga in the Jhapa district.

April 6

Over 400 pro-democracy protesters and journalists were arrested in Kathmandu while dozens of others were injured on the first day of the four-day nationwide general strike called by the seven-party alliance (SPA).

April 7

At least four Maoists and two civilians were killed after Maoists attacked security bases in the Butwal and Kapilavastu districts.

Potests continued on the second day of the four-day nationwide strike against King Gyanendra being organised by the seven-party alliance. The district post office in Lalitpur was reportedly set ablaze and students at the Tribhuvan University in Kirtipur ransacked the Dean’s office and briefly held several officers hostage. Public transport, shops and schools across the country were reportedly shut.

April 8

Government imposes curfew in the Kathmandu Valley from 10 am to 9 pm effective from April 8 until further notice.

Local administrations in the Surkhet, Butwal and Chitwan districts issued fresh curfew orders for their respective districts, while the administration in Nepalgunj extends the existing curfew order by four hours.

April 9

Three persons were killed and over 26 protesters injured when security forces opened fire at anti-King protestors in different parts of the country.

The seven party alliance on April 9 announced more protest programmes for April 10 and the future. "The general strike will continue," a statement issued by the Joint Mass Movement Central Coordination Committee said.

Maoists announce a nationwide campaign, which includes defying curfew orders, capturing highways and breaking royal statues.

Authorities issue a 12-hour curfew in the western city of Pokhara.

April 10

70 demonstrators were injured when security forces fired rubber bullets on activists of the SPA at Dhangadhi, the district headquarters of Kailali.

Thirty-five persons were injured when security force personnel fired rubber bullets in the Bus Park area at Gongabu and Kalanki in the capital Kathmandu.

Authorities clamped daytime curfew at Bharatpur in Chitwan district, Pokhara in Kaski district, Butwal in Rupandehi district and Banepa in Kavre district.

April 11

A six year old child was killed in a Maoist triggered improvised explosive device (IED) blast in the Chakuliya area of Kailali district

Over 350 anti-King protestors were injured in police action in the Gongabu area of capital Kathmandu.

Government prohibits strikes in 15 different essential services by exercising the authority provided for in the Essential Services Operation Act, 2014 B.S.

April 12

An anti-King protester was killed and 36 others injured when police opened fire at Parasi Bazaar, Maheshpur Chowk and Bhrikuti Chowk in Nawalparasi district

In Syangja, at least 30 persons were injured in police action. In Dipayal, at least 50 persons, including two children, were hurt when police resorted to baton-charge. In Sarlahi, at least 10 protesters were wounded when police intervened in a bicycle rally. In Gaighat, more than 30 demonstrators were injured in police action while in Jhapa, at least 28 demonstrators were hurt in police action at Chandragadhi.

April 13

A Maoist insurgent, identified as Ujjwal, was killed during a search operation conducted by the security forces in the Dorpa area of Choudidanda village development committee (VDC) in the Khotang district

King Gyanendra, in a message to the nation on the occasion of the New Year’s Day, called upon all political parties to join in a dialogue to bear the responsibility of activating the multiparty democratic polity and contribute towards the same.

April 14

Leaders of the SPA reject the King's offer for dialogue with political parties.

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Chairman Prachanda terms the King's address has shown "feudal stubbornness".

Security force personnel arrested more than 100 demonstrators, including 53 women and 14 journalists, from a rally at Baglung bazaar, the district headquarters of Baglung.

April 16

Maoists killed one Armed Police Force (APF) personnel in the Beldangi area of Jhapa district

A meeting of the Joint Movement Central Coordination Committee (JMCCC) of the SPA held in the capital Kathmandu decided, among other issues, not to pay tax to the Government. The SPA also called on everyone "to boycott any products and services of those businesses and industries belonging to the royal family and its family members."

In Rupandehi district, 100 protestors were wounded when soldiers opened fire at approximately 25,000 agitators at the District Administrative Office in Sandhikharka.

At least six protesters were injured in police shooting at Balkhu in Kathmandu.

King Gyanendra met US Ambassador James F Moriarty, Chinese Ambassador Sun Heping and Indian Ambassador Shiv Shankar Mukherji separately at the Narayanhity Royal Palace.

April 17

Maoists shot dead a traffic police Inspector at Chandranigahapur in the Rautahat district.

One anti-King protestor was killed and several others injured when security forces opened fire at agitators at Nijgadh in the Bara district.

In the capital Kathmandu, police action on protestors at the Chabahil-Chuchepati area left 62 injured. In Kalaiya, at least 24 agitators were injured when police intervened in a rally. In Birgunj, over a dozen activists were injured when police intervened in a demonstration. In Itahari, SF personnel fired dozens of rounds at demonstrators, injuring 24. In Nepalgunj, 20 demonstrators were injured in police action.

April 18

Two district-level Maoists, Birendra Thapa alias Sandarv and Wakil Bahadur Shahi alias Chirag, were killed in a security operation in the Latikoili Village Development Committee area of Surkhet district.

An anti-King protestor was killed during police baton-charge on a rally in Nepalgunj, while at least 70 others were injured.

In Pokhara, at least 36 agitators were injured when security forces opened fire at a rally in the Savagriha Chowk.

April 19

Four anti-King protestors were killed and over a hundred injured when SF personnel opened fired on protestors at Chandragadhi in the Jhapa district.

April 20

Three persons were killed and over 50 injured when SFs opened fire at anti-King protestors demonstrating in the Kalanki area of the capital Kathmandu defying curfew orders.

Over 36 protestors were injured in Patan when they clashed with riot police. Close to seven thousand people reportedly defied curfew orders in the Bansbari area and reached the Ring Road where the Police fired teargas to disperse them.

The Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's Special Envoy, Karan Singh, met with King Gyanendra at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu.

April 21

King Gyanendra, in a televised address, announced that he would hand over the political power he had assumed 14 months ago back to the people and asked the Seven-Party Alliance (SPA) to name a new Prime Minister. The SPA rejects the offer as inadequate.

Maoist spokesperson Krishna Mahara, in an interview with the BBC Nepali service, said his party would not accept anything less than a Constituent Assembly.

April 22

More than 200 pro-democracy activists protesting against the April 21-speech of King Gyanendra and defying the curfew orders were wounded when SFs opened fire at them at different places in Kathmandu.

In Pokhara, nearly 100 thousand people joined in the SPA-led demonstration while rallies were organised in other western district headquarters like Baglung Bazaar, Beni, Kusma, Damauli and Gorkha.

April 23

Five Maoists, a SF personnel and a civilian were killed in an attack by the Maoists on security bases in Chautara, headquarters of the Sindhupalchowk district.

20 anti-King protesters were injured when police fired rubber bullets and tear gas at 5,000 agitators at Mahadevsthan in the Koteshwor area of capital Kathmandu. In Sukedhara, 10 protesters were wounded by rubber bullets. Over a hundred thousand people assembled at Gongabu Chowk in defiance of the curfew issued by authorities.

SPA announces fresh nationwide protests, aiming to bring a mass of two million people into Kathmandu on April 25.

Indian Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran said India's support for the twin-pillar theory of constitutional monarchy and multi-party democracy reflected the mood of the people. "It was for the people of Nepal to decide what course they want to take tomorrow," he said.

April 24

In a televised address to the nation, King Gyanendra restored the House of Representatives that was dissolved on May 22, 2002.

Welcoming King Gyanendra's proclamation to reinstate the House of Representatives, Nepali Congress General Secretary Ram Chandra Poudel said the seven parties will now move ahead "upholding the spirit of the demonstrators and the SPA's roadmap based on the 12-point understanding with Maoists".

SPA, following the royal proclamation, withdraws its nationwide indefinite general strike.

Issuing a press statement, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) rejected the royal proclamation. The statement further said the reinstatement of the House of Representative is not as per the 12-point pact reached between the Maoists and SPA.

April 25

The SPA  welcoming King Gyanendra's proclamation chose Nepali Congress president Girija Prasad Koirala to head the all-party government after the House of Representatives convenes on April 28

Chief of the Army Staff (CoAS) Pyar Jung Thapa said the Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) is positive about the merging of Maoist troops with the national army.

April 26

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) announced a unilateral cease-fire for three months with immediate effect.

One police personnel was killed and another injured in clashes between the Maoists and troops at Gurje Bhanjang in the Nuwakot district.

April 27

King Gyanendra appointed Nepali Congress president Girija Prasad Koirala as the new Prime Minister.

April 28

The first sitting of the reinstated House of Representatives registered a proposal by Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to hold an election to a constituent assembly.

11 Royal Nepalese Army soldiers were abducted by the former from Ramdittha bazaar in the Dhankuta district.

April 29

Eight soldiers were killed and nine others were injured in a landmine explosion within the RNA barrack at Tamghas, the district headquarters of Gulmi.

April 30

The second meeting of the reinstated House of Representatives (HoR) unanimously passed the proposal for elections to a Constituent Assembly.

Nine Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) soldiers, who were abducted by Maoists from Leguwa in Dhankuta district on April 27, were released at Jeetpur Bazaar in the presence of human rights activist.

May 3

Reciprocating the Communist Party Nepal-Maoist’s three-month-long unilateral truce, the Government announced a cease-fire and also invited the Maoists for talks.

Government revoked the elections to the municipal bodies, conducted on February 8, 2006. It also revoked appointments to the District Development Committees and cancelled the appointment of regional and zonal administrators by the erstwhile royal Government.

May 4

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda said that his party would sit for talks with the Government. Prachanda also said his party has forwarded a draft of a code of conduct to be adhered to by both the sides during the period of talks.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that the Maoists can be included in an interim Government in the future and they can take part in elections to a Constituent Assembly.

May 5

Government formed a five-member judicial committee under former Supreme Court judge Krishna Jung Rayamajhi to investigate the royal regime’s suppression of the April mass movement.

May 7

The Cabinet annulled all appointments made by different governments since October 4, 2002. The Government also recalled Nepal’s Ambassadors to 12 countries including India, China, Germany, France, Russia, Japan, the UK, Qatar, Myanmar, Vietnam, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

May 9

A group of Maoists abducted five personnel of the Armed Police Forces (APF) from Badraghat in the Nawalparasi district.

May 11

Maoists released five Armed Police Force (APF) officials whom they had abducted from Badraghat in the Nawalparasi district on May 9.

Two senior leaders of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Matrika Yadav, and Suresh Ale Magar, have been freed from Nakkhu prison in Lalitpur as per orders of the Lalitpur Appellate Court.

May 12

Security force personnel arrested five ex-ministers, former home minister Kamal Thapa, former foreign minister Ramesh Nath Pandey, former state minister for information and communication Shrish SJB Rana, former local development minister Tanka Dhakal and former state minister for health Nikshya SJB Rana.

The Government also placed under suspension three service chiefs, Nepal Police Chief Shyam Bhakta Thapa, Armed Police Force (APF) Chief Shahbir Thapa and Chief of National Investigation Department.

Maoists beat to death a former insurgent, Prem Bahadur Thokar, a resident of Jagatpur VDC-6 in Nayabasti.

May 13

Maoists make public their roadmap for holding dialogue with the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) Government.

Two persons, including a minor, were injured when a Maoist-left socket bomb exploded at Manpang-8 in the Tanahun district.

May 17

The House of Representatives (HoR) passed a proposal, tabled by Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, depriving the King of privileges enjoyed by him and declared the reinstated House as “supreme.”  According to the proposal, the provision of Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Nepalese Army being held by the King has been scrapped, thereby depriving the King of his control over the army.

May 20

Home Minister Krishna Sitaula said that he will head a three-member Government delegation for peace talks with the Maoists.

May 22

At least twelve private banks were asked by the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) to ‘donate’ Rupees 2.5 million each.

May 23

Maoists have killed the two sons of Nepali Congress Rautahat district leader Jogendra Sahani, whom they had abducted on May 22.

The Maoist leadership has reportedly stated that they saw nothing wrong in having the rule of law, multiparty competitive politics, respect for human rights and freedom of the press as pre-conditions to elections to the constituent assembly. “

May 25

Maoist negotiating team led by Krishna Bahadur Mahara holds discussions with leaders of the Seven-Party Alliance (SPA).

Cabinet announces the formation of a three-member team to hold negotiations with the Maoists. Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula, coordinator of the Government team, says that formal talks would start in a day or two.

May 26

Representatives of the Government and the Maoists meet at Gokarna near the capital Kathmandu and hold the first round meeting of the peace talks. A 25-point Cease-fire Code of Conduct is announced to pave the way for elections to the Constituent Assembly.

May 27

The coordinator of the Maoist talks team, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, speaking at a mass meeting organized by the Maoists in Janakpur, demands a national convention with participation of people from all sections of society, to draft a new constitution and annul the present one.

May 29

In a press statement, Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai reiterates the demand for immediate dissolution of the House of Representatives and the present Government and formation of an interim government. Bhattarai further says that all the powers should be handed over to the 'Broad National Political Conference', which will comprise of various political sections, after the dissolution of the present Government and Parliament. He also says the existing constitution should be replaced by an interim constitution.

Maoist chairman Prachanda, addressing a mass meeting at Chakari in Handikhola VDC-1 of Makwanpur district says that his party is committed to making the current peace talks a success. Speaking during the same meeting Baburam Bhattarai warns of a "violent storm" of protests in case the talks fail.

May 30

House of Representatives constitutes a 21-member high-level "Talks Process Parliamentary Monitoring Committee" under the chairmanship of Speaker Subash Chandra Nemwang to monitor the peace process and implementation of the code of conduct, recommend various political parties and, if needed, form sub-committees.

May 31

The Maoist negotiation team leader, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, addressing a function organised by the Samyukta Loktantrik Morcha in Kathmandu, says that the Maoists are close to reaching an agreement with the parties on supervision of arms of both the armies by a credible organization.

June 1

The Maoist negotiation team leader, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, speaking at a press conference in the capital Kathmandu, reiterates the demand for dissolution of the House of Representatives and the present Government saying the HoR and the Government do not represent the forces which were actively involved in the people's movement. "We want to see the dissolution of both as they do not truly represent the forces which are still outside," he says.

Group of people affiliated to the Maoist Retaliation Committee kill a three-year-old boy, said to be the son of a Maoist cadre, in an attack at their residence at Phulika VDC-2 in Kapilvastu.

June 2

Maoists organize a huge mass meeting at the Open Air Theatre at Tundikhel in capital Kathmandu. An estimated 200,000 cadres and supporters of the Maoists as well as people from various walks of life attend the meeting.

Talking to the media at the end of his two-day visit at Kathmandu, leader of the European Commission (EC) delegation, Hervé Jouanjean, asks the Maoists to shun violence and commit to decommissioning their weapons as a precondition for free and fair elections to a Constituent Assembly.

June 5

Dinanath Sharma, a member of the Maoist talks' team, asks Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to persuade India to release 137 Maoists who are lodged in various Indian jails.

Former Home Minister Kamal Thapa and Local Development Minister Tanka Dhakal file Habeas Corpus writ petitions in the Supreme Court challenging the legality of their detention under the Public Security Act.

June 6

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala arrives in New Delhi on a four-day visit to India.

Maolist coordinator of the peace talks, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, speaking at a press conference at Dhangadhi, says that the peace talks may be stalled if the Parliament is not dissolved soon. He says, "Parliament should not be allowed to continue any longer. A majority of those who got democracy revived are not represented in the current House of Representatives (HoR). As such, it should be dissolved within a week. Otherwise, the peace talks will be stalled."

United States Ambassador to Nepal, James F Moriarty, speaking to reporters at Pokhara indicates the possibility of removal of the terrorist tag on the Maoists provided they shun violence. He accuses Maoists of amassing weapons, continuing recruitment, intensifying extortion, forcing people to take part in their mass meeting in Kathmandu and killing two political cadres in Rautahat recently.

June 8

The Minister of State for Forest and Land Conservation, Gopal Rai, speaking to reporters at Ilam, accuses Maoists of not abiding by the 25-point Cease-fire Code of Conduct. He says that the Maoists have continued extortion and not returned the captured houses and land to the rightful owners.

June 9

India's Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee, after a meeting with Prime Minister Koirala says that Nepal and India have sorted out issues regarding defence cooperation. "All issues relating to defence cooperation have been sorted out. Very soon, our defence cooperation group, the joint consultative committee, which is an institutional arrangement, will be meeting and they will be discussing the expanding areas of cooperation", he says.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala tells reporters upon his arrival from Delhi at the Tribhuvan International Airport that India has agreed to support Nepal for inviting United Nations to supervise the management of weapons of the Maoists.

The CPN-UML general secretary, Madhav Kumar Nepal, addressing the seventh national conference of the Tribhuvan University Progressive Teachers' Union says that the House of Representatives should be dissolved on reasonable grounds.

June 11

Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula hold talks with Maoist leaders Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai at Siklesh.

June 12

Government decides to withdraw all cases filed under the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Control and Punishment) Ordinance (TADO) as part of the concessions being made to the Maoists. The decision to withdraw TADO is tabled by the Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula at the cabinet meeting.

Leader of the Maoist talks team, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, says in Kathmandu that the Government and Maoist leadership have become flexible in their stance on giving continuity to the parliament and holding a "broad political conference".

June 13

Government frees 240 Maoists detained in various jails across the country.

Deputy Prime Minister Amik Sherchan says that the Government and Maoists are currently involved in drawing up an interim statute that could supersede the current constitution in due course. "We are passing through a phase where we are working on an interim statute," he says.

June 14

Addressing party activists at his residence in Biratnagar, the Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala says that the King should not be made totally powerless in the present "sensitive period". He expresses apprehension that if the King is made powerless, another insurgency can emerge in Nepal. Maoists organise a protest rally at Rajbiraj in protest against the Prime Minister's statement.

June 15

The Government and the Maoists hold the second round of peace talks in Kathmandu. It is decided to constitute a 31-member Ceasefire and Code of Conduct National Monitoring Committee, headed by human rights activist, Dr Devendra Raj Pandey for the implementation and monitoring of the 12-point understanding between the SPA and the Maoists and also the 25-point Ceasefire Code of Conduct.

Speaking to the reporters at his residence at Biratnagar, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala says that all parties including the Nepali Congress have agreed to give continuity to monarchy. Koirala says, "Not only NC but the nation has expressed its commitment to give continuity to monarchy."

Maoist leader Prachanda, in a telephonic interview to Pokhara FM Radio, says that monarchy in any form would not be acceptable. He says that in view of the danger of pro-royal forces mounting a coup, the monarchy should be abolished.

A student abducted by the Maoists from Ghyangdanda in the Sindhupalchowk district on June 9 found dead on June 15.

A report titled 'A Decade of Disaster', prepared by the Community Study and Welfare Centre is released in Kathmandu. It states that between 1996 and 2005, armed conflict in Nepal has claimed altogether 13,190 lives, including that of 446 children and 173 teachers. Over 3,850 attacks and counter-attacks were launched during the period, the report says.

June 16

The "Summit level talks" between the ruling SPA and the Maoists concluded in Kathmandu. Both the sides agree to an eight-point agenda which includes framing an interim statute, an interim government, declaring the date for an election to a constituent assembly and dissolving the revived House of Representatives and the Maoists' People's Governments. Both the sides also agree to request the United Nations for management and monitoring of the armed forces of both sides to ensure a free and fair election to a constituent assembly.

Talking to reporters in Kathmandu, Maoist leader, Prachanda says that his party would like to see a new interim constitution and interim government within a month and elections to be held for the Constituent Assembly by April-May, next year.

June 18

Following a Supreme Court order, the Government releases two former ministers of the royal cabinet, Kamal Thapa and Tanka Dhakal. The Government had arrested five ministers of the royal cabinet on charges of conspiring against the pro-democracy movement. Three other ministers were released on June 4.

June 19

Talking to reporters in Pokhara, the Chairman of the Judicial Investigation Commission, Krishna Jung Rayamajhi, says that the King could be called to depose before the Commission if needed.

Himalayan Times reports that the Maoists made over Rupees 20 million every year by collecting ‘tax’ on the trade of yarsagumba in the Darchula district. In 2005, the Maoists had reportedly collected Rupees 22,000 for every kilogram of the 9.5 quintals of yarsagumba traded.

June 20

The Home Minister and coordinator of the Government’s talks team, Krishna Prasad Sitaula, says that the interim Government will only be formed after the arms management of both sides.

The Maoists reportedly capture a house belonging to Hemjung Gurung, central member of the Rashtriya Prajatantra Party, at Beshisahar in the Lamjung district and set up an office of the All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union- Revolutionary there.

June 21

The Home Minister and central committee member of Nepali Congress (NC), Krishna Prasad Sitaula, says that ceremonial monarchy is not the NC's agenda for the proposed constituent assembly elections.

June 22

The Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Prachanda, alleges that a conspiracy is being hatched to break the eight-point agreement reached between the Government and the Maoists. Addressing a meeting in Barchhen, he warns, “The royalists and a foreign power want the eight-point agreement scrapped… We’d like to remind such conspirators that a decade ago there was a February revolution and now there would be an October revolution.”

The Maoists abducts a former mayor of the Tansen Municipality, Dhata Nanda Bhattarai, from his house in Tansen.

June 23

Speaking to reporters in Dhangadhi, Maoist chief Prachanda said that the Nepali Army and the Maoist Army could be united before the election to a constituent assembly. On budget management, he stated, “We are accused of extorting cash. If we have to discontinue collecting donation, a budget should be allocated for us also.”

In an interview to Himalayan Times in Kathmandu, the outgoing British Ambassador to Nepal, Keith George Bloomfield, says that the western world would be unhappy to see the Maoists in an interim Government until they lay down their arms permanently. “Maoists must keep their weapons beyond use permanently and demonstrate in action that they are committed to multiparty democracy,” said Bloomfield.

June 24

The Home Minister and the coordinator of the Government’s talks team, Krishna Prasad Sitaula, rules out the possibility of the Maoists joining an interim Government before the management of arms. Speaking in capital Kathmandu, he said, “Maoists will not be brought to interim government before the weapons are managed. At the moment the government and the Maoists are in homework on managing the weapons and the armies”

Speaking at a function in Kathmandu, the Maoist leader Ek Raj Bhandari alleged that King Gyanendra is still playing an active role in the present political scenario and the Nepal Army seemingly dancing to his tune.

June 25

The Maoist central leader Matrika Yadav says that the constituent assembly poll would be boycotted if citizenship were not granted to the Madhesi people before the election. Speaking in Rajbiraj, Yadav says, "The first condition is citizenship, because Madheshi would be disadvantage if citizenship is not granted them."

June 26

The Government and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) formally announce the terms of reference, jurisdiction and powers of the Code of Conduct and National Ceasefire Monitoring Committee at a meeting held in Kathmandu. Prof. Birendra Mishra, former Chief Election Commissioner, is nominated as its coordinator. The terms of reference and jurisdiction allows the 31-member Committee to look into the compliance of the 25-point code of conduct. It is also authorised to make suggestions to both sides about better compliance after conducting investigations into reports of aberration.

June 27

A group of about 15 persons lynch to death two Maoists, Bhagirathi Kurmi and Keshav Bhattarai, at Hathihawa VDC in the Kapilavastu district.

The United Nations Office of the High Commission for Human Rights in Nepal raises concern over the series of abductions and killing of civilians in the central region of the country allegedly by the Maoists and urged upon them to stop such acts.

The Maoists returns a house belonging to a former Lamjung DDC chairman, Hemjung Gurung, in Besishahar, which they had seized on June 20.

June 28

The high level judicial commission constituted to probe into suppression of the people's movement 2006 summon four persons, including former chief of the Royal Nepalese Army, Satchit Shumsher Rana, former law minister Niranjan Thapa, former additional inspector general of Armed Police Force Raviraj Thapa and former additional inspector general of Nepal Police, Krishna Basnet, to record their statements at the commission's office in Kathmandu. The commission alleges that Rana and former Minister Thapa had played a “key role” to “provoke the King” against democracy and the two former police officials had “suppressed people” by directly using force during the movement. The Government following the revival of the House of Representatives suspended Basnet and Thapa.

Speaking at a function in Kathmandu, the United States Ambassador to Nepal, James F. Moriarty, says that the US won’t support an interim Government —including the Maoists—unless the latter renounce violence.

The Maoists are reported to have abducted two persons, Satis Chandra Shukla and Dhruba Prasad Shah, from Kapilvastu and Siraha respectively.

June 29

The Public Accounts Committee of the House of Representatives asks the Government to submit the property details of King Gyanendra and members of the royal family within 15 days.

Maoist chief Prachanda proposes that the Nepali Army and the People's Liberation Army can be put to a joint command after the formation of an interim Government. He also proposes that the Prime Minister should be the Chief Commander of the joint command.

July 1

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, K.P. Sharma Oli, called on the Maoists to immediately stop arbitrary extortion from general people. Speaking at a function in Kathmandu, Oli said the act of extorting money and executing people's court perpetuated by the Maoists should be immediately stopped, which he said has terrorized people.

Four people are injured in a clash between Maoists and an anti-Maoist vigilante group, after a bomb allegedly hurled by the latter, exploded near the house of a Maoist supporter at Kalabanzar, Gulariya-13.

July 2

Addressing a function in Kathmandu, the Maoist central committee member, Gopal Kirat, warns that they would be forced to revolt again if an election to a constituent assembly is delayed. "Some reactionary elements are hatching conspiracy to delay the election to a constituent assembly. If it is delayed, the people will revolt again," Kirat said.

July 3

Maoist chief, Pushpa Kamal Dahal directs all district committees of the party to stop running the People’s Courts in major cities, including Kathmandu. He also ordered the Maoist district committees to accept only voluntary public donations to the party and not to open new custom offices in a bid to promote “dialogue, peace and progress.” He said the Maoists needed voluntary donations for the upkeep of the militia until the interim constitution and interim government are formed.

Maoists abducted the chief of the Rajbiraj customs office, Tirtha Raj Khatiwada in Saptari district and a farmer in Dhanusha.

July 4

Government is reported to have written a letter to the United Nations (UN) seeking the world body’s role in facilitating arms management and other related issues in Nepal. UN officials confirmed that the Government handed over the request letter to UN Acting Resident Co-ordinator, Junko Sazaki, on July 4.

July 5

The Judicial Council led by Chief Justice Dilip Kumar Paudel and its member judges agree on taking away from the King his power to appoint judges.

Suspected activists of the Janatantric Terai Mukti Morcha shot dead two Maoist insurgents in Saptari.

July 7

Maoists meted out severe physical punishment to six of the eight locals of Hirminiya village in the Banke district, who were taken into their ‘custody’ on ‘charges’ of murder and dacoity from Dhaulagiri village in Bageshwori VDC.

July 14

Senior Maoist leaders and political party representatives held talks in Kathmandu, and agreed to convert the existing House of Representatives into an interim parliament by inducting more members.

In Sankhuwasabha district, Maoists are reported to have started collecting "donations" from government and semi-government officials. The rebels are visiting each office demanding an amount equal to their 60 days' salary as "tax for people's war", said a Government official.

July 20

The Government and the Maoist talks’ team agreed to defer the ‘summit talks’ between the seven-party alliance and the Maoist leaders which was scheduled for July 21 at least for a week. Member of Maoist team, Dina Nath Sharma, said they were fully prepared for the summit but the seven-party alliance asked more time to prepare for the meeting.

July 22

Deputy Prime Minister K. P. Sharma Oli rules out the possibility of forming an interim Government until the Maoists’ arms were managed.

July 24

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda writes to the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan protesting strongly against certain clauses in the letter sent by the Government to the world body.

July 28

Maoists extend the cease-fire for another three months. A press statement issued by Prachanda said that they have decided to extend the truce as per the people’s aspiration for peace.

UN assessment mission led by Staffan de Mistura meets Maoist leaders Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai and members of the Government talks’ team and the Maoists’ team in Kathmandu. The meetings reportedly focused on ‘decommissioning of arms’.

July 29

Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha shot at and wounded two Maoist cadres in the Siraha district.

July 31

CPN (Maoist) spokesperson Krishna Bahadur Mahara said the Maoist army will stay within its camps, under the monitoring of United Nations, until the constituent assembly elections but there won’t be any decommissioning of their arms alone before that.

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala tells the visiting UN mission that Maoist insurgents would not be included in the interim Government before they are disarmed and urged the world body to help in the management of arms of the insurgents.

August 1

Maoists abducted a CPN-UML member, Prakash Maharjan, of Kirtipur Municipality 3, on the charge of tearing a Maoist pamphlet stuck at the door of his private room.

August 6

A group of Maoists abducted Dipo Yadav, a Nepali Congress activist, from Barmajhiya in the Dhanusha district.

August 7

CPN (Maoist) leader Baburam Bhattarai said that Prime Minister G. P. Koirala's comments a day earlier on giving space to the King would hamper the ongoing peace talks. Addressing a programme in the capital Kathmandu, Bhattarai said, "If they (government and the parties) breach the peace talks, if they stick to the old notion of preserving the ‘royal army’ and the king, we will detach ourselves from the peace talks and continue our struggle right here in the city but peacefully."

August 8

In a joint statement signed by CPI-Maoist spokesperson ‘Azad’ and CPN (Maoist) central committee member ‘Satya’, the two outfits claimed that “the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and the Communist Party of India (Maoist) jointly re-assert their firm commitment to proletarian internationalism, mutual fraternal relations, on the basis of MLM.”

August 9

The Government and Maoists reached a five-point agreement to seek the assistance of the United Nations in the entire peace process and create a free and fair atmosphere for the election to a Constituent Assembly.

August 11

Chief Maoist negotiator Krishna Bahadur Mahara stated that his party had agreed to confine its People's Liberation Army (PLA) to cantonment areas until an election to a Constituent Assembly but it would not decommission the PLA's arms, as there was no guarantee that the Nepali Army and the Palace would accept the people's verdict in favour of a democratic republic.

August 13

Speaking at a press conference at Bhadrapur in Jhapa district, CPN (Maoist) Chairman Prachanda accused Prime Minister Koirala of trying to create differences by advocating space for a ceremonial King.

August 15

Maoist insurgents abducted two Indian citizens from Mahendranagar.

Maoists have stalled all activities of non-governmental organizations in the Salyan district, claiming that they are not complying with the "People's Government."

August 16

A gun battle occurred between the Maoists and cadres of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) in Itatar VDC of Siraha district on August 16. There were no reports of casualty on both sides.

August 21

Dialogue teams of the Government and the CPN (Maoist) met to discuss the ongoing peace process. The meeting held at Home Minister Krishna Prasad Situala’s official residence at Pulchowk, Lalitpur, focused mainly on the delay in introducing the interim constitution, management of arms and the proposed visits of the United Nations teams to Nepal.

August 24

Over a dozen people were injured when Maoists attacked a protest rally organised against them by their former cadres and displaced people in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara

August 25

The Interim Constitution Drafting Committee (ICDC) submitted the draft interim constitution to the peace negotiating teams of the Government and Maoist insurgents.

In Dailekh, Tilak Pariyar, ‘chief of the Maoist village government’, attacked Bhupendra Jung Shahi, a CPN-UML cadre and chairman of the management committee of a secondary school in Dandaparajul Village Development Committee (VDC), and injured him.

August 26

A pregnant woman of Hardiya-7 in Saptari district died in Maoist custody on August 26, three day after the Maoists took her away.

August 28

General Secretary of the CPN-UML, Madhav Kumar Nepal, stated that that elections to a Constituent Assembly (CA) would be held by mid-June 2007

September 1

Home Minister and Coordinator of the Government talks’ team, Krishna Prasad Sitaula, while addressing a meeting at Biratnagar, said that the constituent assembly polls could be held after the Maoists keep their weapons in camps and the United Nations verifies them.

September 3

Maoist chairman Prachanda has said the People's Liberation Army (PLA) will not be confined in cantonments before the state is completely restructured. Speaking at a function in Kathmandu, Prachanda warned that the Maoists would start 'urban uprising' if peace talks failed to give a solution.

September 4

Maoists abducted three girls of Sanoshree Village Development Committee (VDC) in the Bardiya district.

Maoists released a Nepal Army soldier who they had abducted from Itahari on September 3-evening

September 6

Maoists abducted five civilians affiliated with the Rolpa Drinking Water Project

September 10

A Maoist cadre was killed after tensions escalated into an all out fight between locals and the Maoists at Theta VDC of Devpur area in Bara district.

September 12

In eastern Balkot VDC-2 of Arghakhanchi district on September 11-evening, Maoists attacked and injured a local Nepali Congress activist, Durga Bhusal, for not paying ‘donations’ to the outfit.

September 13

The Maoist leadership alleged that the Government was ferrying arms and ammunition from India on September 12-night and in protest organised chakkajam (ban on vehicular transport) all over the country, including the capital.

Home Affairs Krishna Prasad Sitaula told the House of Representatives that only 33 vehicles, including nine Armoured Personnel Carriers, meant for the peacekeeping troops going to Lebanon were being brought to Kathmandu

September 16

Civilians of Dhangadhi VDC of Siraha district disrupted traffic on Dhangadhi stretch of the Mahendra Highway for more than five hours morning protesting against the September 15 assault by Maoists on a local trader.

September 17

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala met Maoist Chairman Prachanda at the residence of the former at Baluwatar and the two reportedly agreed on holding high-level talks before the Dashain (Hindu) festival, which begins on September 23.

September 18

Indian police re-arrested senior Maoist leader C. P. Gajurel, immediately after he was released from the Chennai central jail in the State of Tamil Nadu in southern India, after serving a three-year sentence. Indian authorities decided to detain Gajurel for one more day in view of the West Bengal Government's request to hand him over to them. Two criminal cases are pending against Gajurel in the State of West Bengal in eastern India.

September 20

Maoist insurgents snatched seven container vans which were seized by the District Police Office in Dolakha on September 18-night from Kharidanda on suspicion of bringing tax evaded goods from the Tatopani transit point. They seized the vans from Thulopakhar in Sindhupalchowk district while they were being taken to the Department of Revenue Investigation.

September 25

The United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal publicly released a document setting out its major concerns regarding human rights abuses committed by CPN (Maoist) cadres since the cease-fire declaration on April 26.

The ruling SPA decides to hold summit talks with the Maoists on September 28 to finalize the interim constitution and immediately start the arms management process.

September 28

The scheduled summit talks between the SPA and CPN (Maoist) outfit is deferred.

A civilian died in Maoist custody due to torture at Parwanipur in the Birgunj area of Parsa district.

October 3

Addressing a training programme for district level Maoist leaders at Jalbire in the Sindhupalchowk district, Maoist chairman Prachanda said the insurgents were preparing for a “new form of people's revolt strong enough to capture Kathmandu and the state power.” The people’s revolt will be led by local Newars, he said. He claimed that had the April 2006 uprising not withdrawn for next five days, Nepal would have already become a republican state by now.

October 6

Three children were killed and five persons were wounded when a bomb exploded in the Basauti Village Development Committee area of Kailali district. Reports said that Maoists used to stay in a jungle near the village.

October 8

The second round of talks between the SPA and CPN-Maoist failed to come up with any decision on crucial issues like the future of the monarchy, structure of the interim legislature and modalities of arms management.

October 10

The seven-party alliance (SPA) Government and the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN-Maoist) agree to hold an election to the Constituent Assembly by the second week of June 2007. The date for the election would be announced by the interim Government which will have representation of the Maoists.

October 15

Summit talks between the SPA Government and Maoists were adjourned for an indefinite period after they failed to reach an agreement. Though a major breakthrough was expected, leaders of the SPA and Maoists met only for about 15 minutes and adjourned the talks till "homework" on the details is completed.

October 17

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister K. P. Sharma Oli said in Jhapa district that Nepal lost the race of temporary membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the year 2007-08 due to the irresponsible behaviour of the Maoists and the wrong publicity about Nepal.

October 18

At least one Maoist insurgent was killed during a clash between Maoists and its splinter outfit Jantantrik Terai Mukti Morcha at Rampurmalhaniya village in the Saptari district.

October 22

A civilian, identified as Gopal Rajbansi of Arjundhara VDC-2 in the Jhapa district, who was in Maoist custody, died mysteriously.

Shiv Raj Gautam, the newly elected president of the All Nepal Peasants Association (Revolutionary), said that lands seized by the Maoists would not be returned to their lawful owners before the political settlement is reached. Speaking in Chitwan, Gautam revealed that around 50,000 hectares of land are currently under Maoist control. "They will not be returned before the political settlement is reached," he said, adding, "Issues of land are related with issues of politics. Therefore, political issues must be resolved first."

October 24

Five people were injured when an explosive left behind by the Maoist insurgents exploded at Sardikhola VDC-1 of the western district of Kaski.

October 29

The Maoists extend the ongoing cease-fire by a further period of three months. Issuing a press statement, Maoist chairman Prachanda said the extension of cease-fire is aimed at creating a conducive environment for brining the ongoing talks to a positive conclusion and announce the date of constituent assembly elections. Prachanda added that the dialogue between the SPA Government and his party was “moving positively but no conclusion has been reached” and expressed hope that the talks would succeed and the country would soon head towards the constituent assembly elections -- as per the aspirations of the Nepali people for peace, democracy and progress and the mandate of the people’s movement.

October 30

The US Ambassador James Francis Moriarty said that claims made by the Maoists regarding the wide public support they enjoy are not factual. Talking to a select group of Indian journalists and intellectuals in the Indian capital New Delhi, Moriarty said that the Maoists "would get a very few votes if elections are held in the present context."

November 2

A senior Maoist leader has reportedly accused Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh of delaying the peace talks in Nepal. According to Rajdhani, Matrika Yadav, chairman of the Maoists' Madhesi National Liberation Front (MNLF), said that Indian authorities have brought down pressure upon Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala resulting in the delay in the fruitful talks. Addressing the first convention of MNLF in Bhairahawa on November 1, Yadav said, "The key of the talks is in the hands of Indian PM." Accusing India of frequently interfering in Nepal's internal affairs, Yadav said, "The capitalists from all over the world have gathered in New Delhi to make Maoists unsuccessful." Yadav also accused Prime Minister Koirala as being “a pawn in the hands of India.”

Chief of the District Land Reform Office in Rautahat, Madan Krishna Upreti, was injured when some unidentified people detonated a bomb targeting the office.

November 4

Maoist insurgents seized a godown and adjoining land belonging to the Agriculture Inputs Company at Phidim in the Panchthar district.

November 8

The seven-party alliance (SPA) Government and the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist at midnight on November 7 reached an agreement to end the decade-old conflict and restore lasting peace through a six-point agreement. According to the agreement reached after over 14-hour-long negotiations between the two sides, the SPA and Maoists agreed that a peace accord will be signed by November 16 and all the Maoist insurgents will go to seven cantonment areas by November 21.

November 9

Maoists forced school children at Itahari in eastern Nepal to take part in the victory rally to celebrate the success of the peace talks.

A bomb, suspected to have been left by the Maoists, exploded in the remote mountain village of Aathrai at Tehrathum district in eastern Nepal killing three children.

November 10

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirla and Maoist chairman Prachanda met at the Prime Minister’s official residence in Baluwatar and discussed about the implementation of agreement between the ruling SPA and Maoists.

November 12

Maoists abducted four persons, including a bank manager, from the house of a local, Shyam Shah, at Haripur-7 in the Sunsari district. According to the Sunsari district police office, the abducted are the manager of the Simrahi branch of State Bank of India in Supaul district, Prasanna Kumar Pandey, and locals Asha Kumari Miya, Maya Sharma and the house owner.

The insurgents seized 11 kattahs of land from a poor farmer in Sarlahi at gunpoint and registered it in the name of a Maoist cadre, Akalesh Mandal. Madan Mandal Khatwe, the victim was forced to put a thumb impression on the documents to transfer the ownership of the land in the name of the Maoist cadre.

A joint inspection team comprising the representatives of the United Nations, the Government and the Maoists visited the proposed cantonment site of Kavre and Sindhuli districts. Nearly 2,500 Maoist combatants will be placed at the Kamidanda camp.

November 14

The high-level Commission formed to probe the repression of April 2006-Jana Andolan (People's Movement) found the King as guilty. The Commission led by former Supreme Court judge Krishna Jung Rayamajhi found around 170 persons, including the King, then ministers, security officials and regional administrators as guilty of oppressing the People's Movement. The Commission's report recommended action against all the guilty persons. This is the first instance in Nepal’s history that a commission has found a King guilty.

Maoists looted paddy from the ancestral house of former chairman of the Raj Parisad Standing Committee Keshar Jung Rayamajhi in the Nawalparasi district.

November 15

During an inspection, the Biratnagar regional office of the National Human Rights Commission found the Maoists recruiting youths in Basaha of Udaypur for their People’s Liberation Army.

Maoists kidnapped more than a dozen school children from the Sundarpur and Dulari Village Development Committees of Morang district.

Maoists forced workers of Pokhara’s hotels, restaurants, furniture workshops and the transport sector to go with them, saying all the workers would get permanent jobs and good salaries. Workers, who escaped the Maoist dragnet, alleged that their colleagues were forced to go with the insurgents.

Maoists threatened journalists Ambar Khadka and Suman Puri with stringent action if the latter published any news report about the Maoists’ forceful recruitment drive.

November 16

The signing of the Comprehensive National Peace Treaty between the Government and the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist was postponed due to "lack of time." The two sides were scheduled to sign the Treaty on November 16 as agreed on November 8.

November 17

Prime Minister G. P. Koirala warned the Maoists to stop military recruitment and abduction of children saying it would be counter productive to the peace process. Talking to the media at his hometown Biratnagar, Koirala said the Maoists must stop forceful recruitment and abduction immediately to ease the peace process. He said if such activities are not stopped, it would have negative impact on the whole peace process.

Maoists set up a camp on the construction site of the Buddhist University in Lumbini and around 200 youth recruits, who were drafted in the People’s Liberation Army, are being trained there. A teacher at the Sainamaina Secondary School Ranibagiya, Bhairahawa, Umananda Chalise, said students were taken from their homes without officially informing the school.

November 18

Maoist chairman Prachanda, addressing a press conference in New Delhi, denied any working relations between Nepali Maoists and Indian left-wing extremists (known as Naxalites). Terming the "red corridor between Pashupti to Tirupati" as a myth created by "religious fundamentalists," Prachanda said that his outfit only had "some ideological relations" with the Indian Naxalites. 

Maoists abducted tenth grader Jenish Chaudhari, his brother, Bikal Chaudhari, Jitendra Ram and Anusa Rai of Janata Secondary School. They were lured with promises of an attractive salary after joining the People’s Liberation Army.

November 19

A meeting of the joint team of the government, Maoists and the United Nations settled five cantonment sites whereas they have decided to relocate the other two. After inspecting the proposed sites in Ilam, Sindhuli, Kavre, Palpa, Rolpa, Kailali and Surkhet districts, the team has finalized the sites in five districts except those in Kavre and Palpa.

November 20

Maoist insurgents abducted more than 100 children and youths from different places in Sunsari to recruit them in the People’s Liberation Army. Maoists reportedly abducted eight children from Inaruwa-8.

Representatives of the Sunsari-based 15 Child Clubs staged a protest before the Inaruwa-based Maoists’ district contact office, demanding a halt to child conscription.

The US embassy in Kathmandu denounced the recruitment of people, including children, in the armed ranks of the Maoists. "Such action violates all human rights norms and directly contravenes the spirit and letter of agreements the insurgents signed with the government," a statement issued by the embassy said. 

The High Level Probe Commission, formed some six months ago to investigate the atrocities committed during the April movement, submitted its report to Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala at his official residence in Kathmandu. The 1184-page report has indicted 202 high-ranking officials of the King's Government and recommended action against many. Though the report has also implicated King Gyanendra, a Commission source said, it has shied away from recommending action against him. Disagreeing with the report, two commissioners refused to sign it.

November 21

Prime Minister Koirala and Maoist chairman Prachanda signed the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) 2006, bringing the decade-long armed insurgency to an end and promising to chart a new destiny for "peaceful and democratic" new Nepal. Inclusive of provisions on human rights, civil and political rights, arms and army management, socio-economic transformation, among others, the ten-point CPA was signed in the presence of ministers, political party leaders, Maoist leaders, foreign diplomats, law-makers, government officials and media representatives. "Beginning today, the politics of killing, violence and terror will be replaced by the politics of reconciliation," declared Koirala. Prachanda stated that with the signing of the CPA, people of Nepal were in a position to give message to the entire world. "The continuity of 238-year-old tradition has been broken now. This is the victory of Nepalese people and the loss of regressive elements," he claimed.

November 22

King Gyanendra welcomed the peace agreement signed between the government and the Maoists on November 21.

November 24

A Maoist resistance group in Nawalparasi burnt and destroyed about a dozen arms saying they would lay down their weapons after the peace agreement between the government and the Maoists. The group led by Munna Khan burnt about a dozen arms that included eight guns, one khukuri, one spear and one sickle outside the local Jagriti Higher Secondary School at Pasauni VDC in the Nawalparasi district in the presence of representatives of National Human Rights Commission, the seven political parties, Maoists, human rights activists, journalists and others.

November 26

Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai accused the government of dilly-dallying in the promulgation of interim constitution, formation of interim parliament and interim cabinet. He also accused that the government was not forthcoming to talk on this issue even though the November 8 timeline had fixed November 26 as the date for promulgating interim constitution.

Thousands of students from 22 schools in the Sunsari district were deprived from appearing in their second term examinations that commenced from November 26 due to the Maoist affiliated student union, All Nepal National Independent Student Union-Revolutionary, padlocking the examination centre. The students found a notice pasted on the gate of Saraswoti Higher Secondary School in Duhabi telling them to go back.

November 27

The Maoists tortured three civilians in Sunsari. Insurgents reportedly broke the leg of a rickshaw-puller and wounded a Jana Morcha cadre. They also abducted and tortured a student, Arjun Giri, a student of City College in Biratnagar, before releasing him. 

November 28

After five days of deliberations, the government and the Maoists signed a deal on management of arms and armies. Coordinator of the government’s talks’ team, Home Minister Krishna Prasad Situala, and Maoist chief negotiator, Krishna Prasad Mahara, signed the ‘Agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies’ amidst a press conference in the capital Kathmandu. A meeting of the representatives of the government, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and United Nations finalised the modalities of management of arms and armies and the monitoring process. The Agreement said the People’s Liberation Army men would be allowed to conduct light military drillings inside the camps without using of heavy fireworks, while the Nepal Army would be allowed to conduct its regular military exercises.

November 30

The Government of West Bengal in India released senior Nepali Maoist leaders Chandra Prakash Gajurel and Mohan Baidhya after a court in Jalpaiguri ordered their release. The court ordered their release after the West Bengal government withdrew all charges against them.

December 1

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's proposal to respond 'immediately and concretely' to the requests made by Nepal to assist in her nascent peace process.

December 4

The Maoist Victims Association (MVA) staged a rally in Kathmandu demanding that they be represented in the soon-to-be-formed interim parliament. The MVA also demanded that the government fulfil the 10-point demands that it had submitted recently. Their demands include rehabilitation, compensation and action against culprits.

Maoists brought development activities in the Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Kavre district to a standstill after they objected to the release of the first quarterly budget for the current fiscal year. The budget was supposed to be released by mid-November by the VDC council. However, the council has not been able to hold a meeting so far due to disagreement on part of the Maoists, a VDC secretary said.

December 6

Maoist cadres, violating their commitments to allow the political parties to freely organize their activities in villages, kept a team of political leaders and human rights activists in confinement for four hours in Sukadeva of Hekuli Village District Council (VDC) of Dang district.

December 7

The Maoists, violating cease-fire agreements, are reportedly involved in extortion and violent activities in different parts of the country, according to Nepal News. Insurgents reportedly demanded 30 percent of the income from the Gadedhunga Community Forest Users' Group in the Aankhibhui Village Development Committee (VDC) area of Gulmi district as ‘tax’ to their local government.

Maoists announced their decision to revive their ‘people’s government’ in the eastern district of Sankhuwasabha.

The General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal), Mohan Bikram Singh, said that the party would remain underground till the restoration of full fledged democracy in the country.

December 8

Maoist chief Prachanda reportedly said that he is willing to become the President of a future Nepal Republic. "If the masses want to give me the responsibility and if my party chooses me as the best candidate for president, then I will have to take it," said Prachanda.

December 10

Victims of the Maoist atrocities are preparing to launch an armed struggle as they see no change in the attitude of the Government in dealing with their problems even after the Jana Andolan (people’s movement). Dharma Raj Neupane, the president of the Association of Victims of Maoist Atrocities, said, "We are left with no option but to launch an organised armed struggle for justice."

December 11

Maoist spokesperson Krishna Bahadur Mahara warned to resume the revolt if the political situation does not progress. He said, "If political change is not ascertained, the Maoists will be forced to revolt again." Mahara blamed the government for delaying in holding election to the constituent assembly and said that "The election to the constituent assembly will not be held by mid-June 2007 if the date for the same is not announced within mid-December."

December 13

A report published by the National Human Rights Commission informed that 11 persons were killed by the Government's security forces (SFs) and 15 by the Maoist insurgents since April 26, 2006, when the cease-fire was declared. It stated that resistance groups killed five people and villagers or unidentified groups killed seven persons while five people were killed in accidental explosions.

December 14

Prime Minister Koirala, the Personal Representative of the United Nations Secretary General, Ian Martin, and Maoist Chairman Prachanda held a meeting at the Prime Minister’s residence at Baluwatar and agreed to begin the verification process of the Maoist arms and armies as soon as possible.

December 15

The leaders of the Seven Party Alliance and Maoists put their signature on the interim constitution.

December 17

Maoists took six teenager boys and girls from the Arnama Village Development Committee (VDC) area in Siraha district, to recruit them in the People’s Liberation Army for NR 3600 monthly and rations worth NR 1400 per month. 

December 18

Six Maoists and two security force personnel were injured when Maoists clashed with the police near the unified security base camp at Gaushala VDC area in the Mahottari district.

Maoists’ Chairman Prachanda said the Government has, by naming the ambassadors to 14 diplomatic missions, violated the agreements signed with his party in the recent past.

December 19

Maoists called a strike (bandh) and staged demonstrations against the Government's decision to nominate ambassadors and members of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). Thousands of People’s Liberation Army men, carrying arms, came out of the camps and staged demonstrations against the Government.

A group of 50 Maoists seized the belongings of police officials stationed at a newly restored Ilaka Police Post at Dhanauli in the Banke district and looted food grains, cloth and NR 10,000 in cash.

December 20

In Chitwan, over 1000 Maoists barged into the Rampur Agriculture Campus and thrashed Nepal Students’ Union (NSU) activists injuring 49 of them. The Maoists entered into the campus following some differences between NSU and activists of pro-Maoist student union.

Over two dozen people - including policemen and ordinary people - sustained injuries after around 300 combatants of the Maoist's PLA from a satellite camp attacked an all-party meeting at Katari Bazar in Udaypur district.

December 21

Maoists forced district authorities in Phidim to remove the police posts re-established in rural areas of the district. 

Government and Maoists agree to recruit 111 Gorkha soldiers having served with the British and the Indian Armies to serve as temporary watchdogs for peace in the country.

December 22

A joint inspection team comprising United Nations (UN) representatives, Government officials and Maoist deputy military commanders inspected the PLA camps in Ilam and Sindhuli districts to determine the sites for arms storage.   

In Banke, Maoists seized all documents of the Khajurakhurd VDC.

December 26

Ten persons, including Maoists, policemen and locals, were injured at Gulariya in Krishnanagar after Maoists tried to remove the re-established police post.

December 27

Government and Maoists formed a six-member joint team to select 111 ex-Gurkha soldiers to monitor the management of arms and armies. The team includes three members from the Nepali Army - Brigadier General Shiva Ram Pradhan, Ganesh Bhandari and Subarna Mahat - and three Maoist commanders, Pasang, Prabhakar and Baldev. A review committee including Ramesh Lekhak, a member of the Government talks’ team, and Dev Gurung, a member of the Maoist talks’ team, was also formed to review the decision of the selection committee.

December 29

Five police personnel were injured in a Maoist attack on unarmed police personnel at a recently re-established Area Police Office of Rajahar in the Nawalparasi district.

December 31

Maoists padlocked municipality offices of Damak, Bhadrapur and Mechinagar, and VDC offices of Korobari and Juropani in Jhapa district.





Copyright © 2001 SATP. All rights reserved.

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